Nazi and NDH Plans.
..for the intended extermination of the Serb people. Soon, the Nazis began to make clear their genocidal goals, as shown by the speech Hitler gave to Slavko Kvaternik, at their meeting on 21 July 1941:
The Jews are the bane of mankind. If the Jews will be allowed to do as they will, like they are permitted in their Soviet heaven, then they will fulfill their most insane plans. And thus Russia became the center to the world’s illness… if for any reason, one nation would endure the existence of a single Jewish family, that family would eventually become the center of a new plot. If there are no more Jews in Europe, nothing will hold the unification of the European nations… this sort of people cannot be integrated in the social order or into an organized nation. They are parasites on the body of a healthy society, that live off of expulsion of decent people. One cannot expect them to fit into a state that requires order and discipline. There is only one thing to be done with them: To exterminate them. The state holds this right since, while precious men die on the battlefront, it would be nothing less than criminal to spare these bastards. They must be expelled, or – if they pose no threat to the public – to be imprisoned inside concentration camps and never be released.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jasenovac_concentration_campMax Luburic was in charge of all camps. (executed by a Yugoslav in Spain).Commandants at Jasenovac :Ivica Matkovic (died in Argentina in a traffic accident) 1/1942 – 3/43Dinko Sakic (d. 2008, emprisoned in Croatia) Asst to Commandant 1942; April 44 -Nov 44, Commandant.Filipovic-Majstorovic (executed by Partisans)The Priest Ivica Brkljacic was in Summer 1943, Commandant at Jasenovac.
Antun Vrban (Ante Vrban) was one Commandant at Stara Gradiska (executed after the war).
Other concentration camps were established in Sisak, Stara Gradiska, Djakovo, Lepoglava, Loborgrad. In all, there would be 22 concentration camps in the NDH, almost *half of which were commanded by Roman Catholic Croatian priests.
The Archbishop Stepinac reported that over 235,000 Serbs had been converted by Croatia’s Priests to Catholicism. He did save some Jews, and spoke out against crimes committed by the Nazis and NDH. Yet he was uncomfortably close to Ante Pavelic, head of NDH.
Kvaternik, agreed that the NDH would arrest the Jews, take them to railheads, and pay the Germans 30 Reich marks per person for the cost of transport to the extermination camps in the east. The Germans agreed that the property of the Jews would go to the Croat government. He had been head of all camps until 1943, when he fled the country.
Mijo Babic Giovanni, kia July 1941.
Siegfried Kasche, Nazi in charge of Yugoslavia, executed 1947, by Yugoslavia. According to the Nuremberg Tribunal, a conference was held in the German Legation presided over by Siegfried Kasche, “at which it was decided forcibly to evacuate the Slovenes to Croatia and Serbia and the Serbs from Croatia into Serbia. This decision results from a telegram from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Number 389, dated 31 May 1941″.He reported to Berlin on April 18, 1944 that “Croatia is one of the countries in which the Jewish problem has been solved”. wikipedia, Siegfried KascheKasche wrote the following: “The Poglavnik asks General [Paul] Bader to realize that the Jasenovac camp cannot receive the refugees from Kozara. I agreed since the camp is also required to solve the problem in deporting the Jews to the east. Minister Oscar Turina [fate?] can deport the Jews to Jasenovac”.The chairman of the interim government was Mile Budak, other members were Mirko Puk (Deputy Leader), Andrija Artuković, Branko Benzon, Jozo Dumandžić, Mladen Lorković, Ismet Muftić, Marko Veršić, Đuro Vranešić and Milovan Žanić.Meho Mehičić (1904-1967)Oscar Turina — Minister of Interior, Named by Siegfried Kasche as responsible for deportation of the Jews.Himlija Bešlagić (1899-1977)Petar Pejačević (1908–1987)Stijepo Perić (12 October 1896 – 12 June 1954)Branko Benzon (29 August 1903 – September 1970) was a Croatian physician, diplomat and politician.Mate Frković,(1901–1987)Jozo Dumandžić (1900–1977)Stjepan Hefer (1897–1973)Hilmija Bešlagić (1899–1977)Ivan Petrić (1897-1968)from:
SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Franz Abromeit was sent to supervise the deportations to Auschwitz. From August 13-20,1942, 5,500 Jews from the NDH were transpoted to Aushwitz on five trains from the Croat concentration camps at Tenje and Loborgrad and from Zagreb and Sarajevo.
Reichsfuehrer-SS Heinrich Himmler was on a state visit to Zagreb in May,1943 when two trains on May 5 and 10 trasported 1,150 Jews to Auschwitz.
The number of Jewish victims was between twenty and twenty-five thousand, most of whom were murdered there up to August 1942, when deportation of the Croatian Jews to Auschwitz for extermination began.
———————————————————General Paul Bader (d. 1971) in charge of extermination of the Serbians.Ernst Fick (SS-Angehöriger) (1898–nach 1945), deutscher General der Waffen-SSThe camp administration in times used other Ustaše battalions, police units, Domobrani units, auxiliary units made up of Bosnian-Muslims, and even the aid of German and Hungarian Nazis.
In the Wannsee Conference, Germany offered the Croatian government transportation of its Jews southwards, but questioned the importance of the offer, saying that: “the enactment of the final solution of the Jewish question is not crucial, since the key aspects of this problem were already solved by radical actions these governments took”.
In addition to specifying the means of extermination, the Nazis often arranged the imprisonment or transfer of inmates to Jasenovac. Kasche’s emissary, Major Knehe, visited the camp in 6 February 1942. Kasche thereafter reported to his superiors:
Capitan Max Luburic, the commander-in-action of the camp, explained the construction plans of the camp. It turns out that he made these plans while in exile. These plans he modified after visiting concentration-camps installments in Germany.
- The Belgrade Museum of the Holocaust keeps a list of the names of 80,022 victims (mostly from Jasenovac), including approximately 52,000 Serbs, 16,000 Jews, 12,000 Croats and 10,000 Romanies..
- Antun Miletić, a researcher at the Military Archives in Belgrade, has collected data on Jasenovac since 1979. His list contains the names of 77,200 victims, of which 41,936 are Serbs… [others claim the no. of victims are much higher]
…In several instances, inmates were immediately killed for confessing their Serbian ethnicity and most considered it to be the only reason for their imprisonment. The Serbs were predominantly brought from the Kozara region, where the Ustaše captured areas that were held by Partisan guerrillas. These were brought to the camp without sentence, almost destined for immediate execution, accelerated via the use of machine-guns. The exact number of Serbian casualties in Jasenovac is uncertain, but the lowest common estimates range around 60,000 people, and it is estimated to be the most significant part of the overall Serbian casualties of World War
The Ustaše in Jasenovac also imprisoned numerous people of other ethnicities, including Ukrainians, Romanians and Slovenes. (source: wiki, Jasenovac)
The inmates would perish from the hard work. Work in the brickworks was hard labor.
Water: Jasenovac was even more severe than most death camps in one respect: a general lack of potable drinking-water. Prisoners were forced to drink water from the Sava river.
When gypsies arrived in the camp, they did not undergo selection, but were rather concentrated under the open skies at a section of camp known as “III-C” [brickworks]. From there the gypsies were taken to liquidation in Gradina, working on the dike (men) or in the corn fields in Ustice (women) in between liquidations. Thus Gradina and Ustica became Roma mass grave sites. Velika Kustarica: According to the state-commission, as far as 50,000 people were killed here in the winter amid 1941 and 1942. There is more evidence suggesting that killings took place there at that time and afterwards
…In the same spirit, (Commandant) Miroslav Filipović-Majstorović, once captured by Yugoslav forces, admitted that during his three months of administration, 20,000 to 30,000 people died. Since it became clear that his confession was an attempt to somewhat minimize the rate of crimes committed in Jasenovac, having, for an example, claimed to have personally killed 100 people, extremely understated, Miroslav’s figures are evaluated so that in some sources they appear as 30,000-40,000.
During World War II, the Croatian Ustasha government, being an ally of Nazi Germany, implemented the same methods of genocide. Only Serbian children were kept in the concentration camp. Catholic nuns of the Holy Congregation were the guards in the camp.
Apprentice work – 26.08.2010 20:00
JASTREBARSKO – Modest set in Jastrebarsko in Croatia, which was attended by 40 members of anti-fascist movement, on Thursday for the first time in 68 years obelježeno release of children from the only concentration camp for children in World War II.
Children’s camp in Jastrebarsko was placed at four locations and to the monastery where there were about 400 children, the former castle of Count Erdedija where there were 200 children, building the economy where there were 280 girls and River village where it was located about 1,500 children.
Children are brought from the camp Jastrebarsko Stara Gradiska where the Ustasha offensive ended after the Kozari and Potkozarje.
Michael Veljić, which was passed as a twelve year ordeal Jastrebarsko, recalls that the cruelty of the children started back in Okucani where the unbearable heat Trpana the wagons in which the whole day traveling to Zagreb without water and unable to defecate outside, which is smtrt caused a lot of children.
“After arriving in Zagreb, and we were cut the dressed in Ustasha uniforms. We slept in barracks on the straw, and soon it appeared that dysentery and killed many children,” the Veljić.
He said that according to the records of the local undertakers Ilovara Francis, who was buried from Jastrebarsko children, 1018 children were buried, and it is estimated that there are a total of about 1,500 died.
He said that the camps are managed by nuns, and the cruelty of the Mercedes allocated. Unfortunately, Veljić said that liberation of children from the camps 26th August 1942nd year did not bring freedom to all children, because partisans were unaware of the location of the camp in the village of River.
According to him, the sad fate of the children who suffered because of illness are not able to walk further to Kordunu already deployed in homes in the Holy Jani, where the Ustashi offensive that followed re-captured and returned, and children who are caught in the village Pećno killed and thrown into a pit Jazovka.
Gojko Knezevic, also one of the surviving inmates, remembers how the nuns beat children birch branches dipped in salt water or vinegar, which today has some kind of fear when it meets a nun.
In marking the anniversary of the liberation of children in Jastrebarsko, except Deputy Mayor of the municipality Aleksandra Stanic, who said that residents “have nothing to do with what happened in the camps,” none of the officials did appear.
The event was accompanied by not any one news crew from Croatia, there were no inhabitants, lacks opijelo for the victims, not on a single yellow candle, but was laid a few wreaths and lit lanterns in front of a modest number of monuments in the cemetery (trans from Serbo-Croatian)
Completely falling for the communist deception, the “Croatian National Committee” dispatched former Ustase (Major) Ljubo Milos (ex-second in command of the Jasenovac concentration camp, and former commander of the Lepoglava prison; cousin of the infamous Ustase Colonel Vjekoslav “Maks” Luburic), former Ustase (Major) Ante Vrban, and former Ustase (Corporal) Luka Grgic into Croatia.
They were equipped with a powerful radio and a code book, and had orders to make contact with a “Krizari” group on the Papuk Mountain (near Slavonska Pozega, Croatia). Upon successful contact with the “Krizari”, the group was to advise the “Committee”, and an armed group of high-ranking and experienced Ustase was to enter Yugoslavia, and take over command of the upcomming uprising in Croatia.
Milos´ group successfully entered Yugoslavia through Hungary, and made its way to Papuk. However, the “Krizari” that they met up with on July 1947, were in fact UDB agents in disguise, who had walked the forested plateau for days to meet up with the group, and Milos and Vrban were arrested, while Grgic was killed while offering resistance. Using the code-book found on Milos, the UDB after 13 attempts made contact with the “Committee”, and lured several more of the command groups of Ustase into Yugoslavia.
By the end of August 1948, when “Operation Gvardijan” came to an end, a total of 96 Croatian anti-communists had been arrested. Some of the groups even came before the agreed time, but were captured nevertheless. Among the captured Croats was Bozidar Kavran, founder of the Croatian National Committee. All the captured men were held in the old jail in Savska Ulica Street in Zagreb, which was soon overcrowded with exile Croats. They could be broken down as follows:
- 36 Ustasha officers – 28 Ustasha Junior officers – 13 Ustasha without any rank – 12 former members of the Ustasha Civil Police – 1 former member of the Gestapo – 1 former Cetnik intelligence officer
About 7 arrested Ustasha were ex-commanders or in other duties in the concentration camps Jasenovac and Stara Gradisca, and about six of them were known as war criminals. In the trial held in 1948 in Zagreb
- 43 were sentenced to death, 20 by hanging (Ljubo Milos, Ante Vrban, Bozidar Kavran, Mime Rosandic and others) and 23 by shooting. – 2 were sentenced to lifelong prison – 9 were sentenced to between 15 and 20 years in prisonwas responsible for most of the murders..executed 1946, says he took orders from Ivica Matkovic and Max Luburic.In July 1941 he was promoted to General of Artillery and Military Commander in Serbia appointed, where he was ordered to “immediate start of the offensive campaign against the communist terrorist gangs.” Am 10. October of that year gave him General Field Marshal Wilhelm List command to combat resistance groups called hostage transit camp, set up for the hostages to shoot if necessary. October 1943 until August, the barber had taken over command of the XXI. Mountain Army Corps and was initially give the leaders reserve set, and March 1944 then retired.
General Paul Bader, named, as Nazi responsible for NDH:
Bader lived after the war in Emmendingen. . At a hearing on 3 Januar 1964 January 1964 he claimed to have known nothing of hostages by the armed forces or military personnel. 
Hans Helm( – 1946 )Biography
Hans Helm was in charge of deportation of Jews to concentration camps.
Instead of retreating with rest of German army in 1945 he stayed behind hiding in Zagreb apartment of his mistress which worked for him as secretary during the war. In 1946 after over a year of hiding, Helm exited apartment for the first time but was recognized and arrested.
Trailed in Belgrade in December 1946 with other SS and Gestapo officials and sentenced to death by hanging together with August Meissner, Wilhelm Fuchs, Josef Hahn, Ludwig Teichmann, Josef Eckert, Ernst Weimann, Richard Kaserer and Friedrich Polte.
names of the camps within NDH:Brozica – est. Aug 1941, closed Apr. 1945. -part of Jasenovac Ciglana – est. Aug 1941, closed Apr. 1945. -part of Jasenovac Danica -**Martin Nemec and Nikola Herman Dakovo (around 3,000) – transit site for Croat Jews whom Croat authorities turn over to the Germans for deportation to Auschwitz, est. Sep. 1941- Mar 1942, closed Oct 1942.As to the number sent from the “Danica” in other camps in the battle ranges from 2,500 to 3,000, and ** Nicholas Herman, commander of the camp, the public in July 1941st when it was removed, a drunken boast that in 2500-2700 by Lika Serbs. If we add to the Jews, Croats and other inmates, a figure of 5,000 may be considered as acceptable. source: serbian wikipediaGospic -Stjepan Rubinic, Milan Staraček, Janko Mihailovic.During the months of May, June and July 1941, in Gospić, around 1,000 women and children arrived every day. It is estimated that the pit that is near the village of Jadovno contains around 35,000 remains of prisoners. Ustaše Juco Rukavina, Jurica Frković, AND Stjepan Rubinić, members of Tomljenović family and others.Jadovno, source: Јадовно sr.wikipedia.Gornja Rijeka – camp for childrenGospic-Jadovno (around 35,000 to 40,000 casualties) – est. spring 1941, closed Oct. 1942Jadovno was the first Ustasha death camp and that he was assigned the primary role: the mass destruction of the Serbs.Jasenovac I-IV (around 500,000) Aug. 1941, Ustase establish the Jasenovac camps Krapje, Brozica, Ciglana, Kozara and Stara Gradiska, closed May 1945 when Yugoslav partisans overrun Jasenovac.Stara Gradiska (Jasenovac V) – est. Aug. 1941, winter of 1942-43 was converted into a concentration camp for women, closed Apr. 1945.Ustasha camp commander *Ante Boban, Stara GradiskaAccording to performed leachate, only in this camp since 1941. to 1945. killed or murdered in various ways, 75 000 men, women and children. “SUBNOR” Stara Gradiska claims that the camp killed over 80 thousand victims. source: sr.wikiJastrebarsko (1018) – children’s concentration camp , Max Luburic (asssassinated)About 1,300 inmates were transported to Jasenovac. But the children’s camp Jastrebarsko, between 12th July 1942 – 26 August 1942nd passed the 3336 children, of which more than 2,000 from Mt. The camp was managed by nuns of the Congregation of St.. Vincent de Paul. Partisans liberated detainees and shot some of the leaders and teacher at the camp.-source: sr.wikipedia.orgKerestinac Koprivnica – est. spring 1941, closed Oct. 1942. Krapje – est. Aug 1941, closed Nov. 1941. -JasenovacKruscica – est. spring 1941, closed Oct. 1942Lepoglava (around 1,000) -*Ljubo Miloš (who later commanded Jasenovac), Mirko Matijević and Nikola Matijevic Gadžić.Stupačinovo camp was formed in early July . , The camp was operated by the Ustasha Major *Ivan Devcic Pivac, commander of the camp salt in the Adriatic island of Pag, deputy was a Catholic priest from Brušane, Ivica Brkljačić.———-The commander of the camp in Sisak and Caprag was *Ljubomir Šešeglija.A few days after the attack of the German Empire on the Kingdom of Yugoslavia on April 6, 1941, Wehrmacht and Ustaše occupied the city of Sarajevo. In May 1941 the Croatian and the Roman Catholic priest ** Božidar Brale the use of the Cyrillic alphabet in Sarajevo banned.The Ustaše prohibited the Serbian Orthodox Church, and all clergy, which could get hold of them were taken to concentration camps and killed most of them. Only a few Orthodox priest in Sarajevo survived the second world war.http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maria-Geburt-Kathedrale_(Sarajevo)According to data gathered by Serb fighters in Bosnia, in Gradina was killed and buried over 360,000 people. Gradina, sr.wikipedia.org———Sorry for the duplications, but this is what I found out:fate of nazis and ustashe mentioned on this and other pages:Ljubo Milos, executedLuka Grgic , ex.Mime Rosandic , ex.Lovro Sušić, d. in Venezuela 1972Slavko Kvaternik dead 1947Ivica Matkovic (died in Argentina in a traffic accident) 1/1942 – 3/43Ivica BrkljacicStanko ŠarićJakob DzalAnte Vrban, executedMijo Babic Giovanni, kia July 1941Oscar Turina – mentioned by Siegfried Kasche as in charge of deportations of JewsIvan Devčić , camp commander aka “Pivac” (Born March 16, 1904 in Lukovo Sugarje near Karlobag, Croatia – Died January 28, 1974 in Buenos Aires, Argentina).Viktor Gutic executedMilovan Žanić. d 1946Meho Mehičić (1904-1967)Himlija Bešlagić(1899-1977)Petar Pejačević(1908–1987)Stijepo Perić (12 October 1896 – 12 June 1954)Branko Benzon (29 August 1903 – September 1970) was a Croatian physician, diplomat and politician.Ismet Muftić (born 1876, Žepče – died 1945, Zagreb) was the first Croatian Islamic mufti. listed also on:paolosilv.wordpress.com/Yugoslavia, Holocaust, part IIMate Frković,(1901–1987)Jozo Dumandžić(1900–1977)Stjepan Hefer(1897–1973)Hilmija Bešlagić(1899–1977)Ivan Petrić(1897-1968)Dr. Djuro Ivković. In charge of Serbian matters.Martin NemecNikola Herman aka Nicholas Herman,Stjepan Rubinic,Milan Staraček,Janko Mihailovic.Ante Boban [Anton Boban?]Mirko MatijevićNikola Matijevic Gadžić.Ljubomir Šešeglija.more names listed :Drago Jilek, kidnapped 1949 by TitoistsDr. Filip CrvenkovićBojnik Mato Mandušić.nazis:Heinrich Danckelmann, Born: 02 Aug 1887 in Hardenhausen by Warburg Died: 20 Oct 1947 in Belgrade (Executed)Franz Abromeit, b. 1907, declared dead 1964….General Paul Bader, d. 1971Ernst Fick (SS-Angehöriger) (1898–nach 1945),Major KneheWilhelm List 1971Paul Bader, 1971Hans Helm executed==Walter Kutschmann, SS Captain d 1986 frequent wartime travel companion of fashion designer Coco Chanel and himself responsible for thousands of killings in Poland, who escaped to Argentina in the plain robes of a Carmelite monkKarl Günther. his opponent.Felix Landau (May 21, 1910, Vienna, Austria – 1983), was a SS Hauptscharführer, a member of an Einsatzkommando during World War II, based first in Lwów, Poland (today Lviv, Ukraine), and later in Drohobycz. He was a “central figure in the Nazi program of the extermination of Galician Jews“. He is known for his daily diary and for temporarily sparing the life of the Jewish artist Bruno Schulz in 1942.———NEW: Willy Friedrich, ex. 1947Đorđe KosmajacBožidar Bećarević, (d 1950) 3 serb Policemen in charge of campsTheo Keyser,chief of the Military Administration in Serbia byDr..Justus Rudolf Friedrich Danckwerts (* 4. Juni 1887 in Pleß, Oberschlesien; † 27. Mai 1969 in Hannover) war ein deutscher Jurist, Verwaltungsbeamter und PolitikerVladimir Velmar-Janković (Serbian Cyrillic: Владимир Велмар-Јанковић; August 10, 1895 – August 12, 1976) was a Serbian writer and member of Serbia‘s World War II quisling government.Werner Lorenz (October 2, 1891 – March 13, 1974) was SS head of the Hauptamt Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle (English: Main Welfare Office for Ethnic Germans) (VOMI) an organization charged with settling ethnic Germans in the German Reich from other parts of Europe. Released, 1955.Franz Neuhausen was the special plenipotentiary for economic affairs in the Territory of the Military Commander in Serbia d. 1966, released 1953.Helmuth Förster (19 April 1889 – 7 April 1965) was a highly decorated General der Flieger in the Luftwaffe during World War II. in charge of occupied Serbia.Felix Benzler, German consul in Belgrade, d. 1977END