more July comments on Hoess, end of Denial

Fest, Joachim; Plotting Hitler’s Death – The Story of the German Resistance, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 1996. ISBN 0-8050-4213-X
also, “Inside the bunker”.

There is a good History channel video on the “July 20 German plot to assassinate Hitler”.

Captain Axel vom dem Bussche witnessed by chance an SS-organised massacre of more than 3,000 Jewish civilians carried out by the SD at the old Dubno airport. This experience traumatized him all his life and was enough to turn him decidedly against Hitler. (wiki)

USHMM
“In 1941, as the magnitude of anti-Jewish violence increased, newspapers began running descriptions of the Nazi mass murder of Jews, some even using the word “extermination” to refer to these large-scale killings. However, it wasn’t until late 1942 that the American public received official confirmation of these reports.

On November 24 of that year, Rabbi Stephen Wise disclosed in a press conference that the State Department had investigated and confirmed reports about the Nazis’ extermination campaign against European Jews. A few weeks later, on December 17, the United States, Britain, and ten Allied governments released a formal declaration confirming and condemning Hitler’s extermination policy toward the Jews. ”

German Railways Admits Complicity in Holocaust
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/173670.html

German railways today admitted the central role its Nazi-era predecessor played in the Holocaust, saying that without the cooperation of the network the systematic murder of millions of people could never have happened.

Launching its first ever touring exhibition about the Holocaust, the state rail company Deutsche Bahn (DB) said the tracks and freight of the Reichsbahn were integral to the Nazis’ extermination plan.

Ganzenmüller was the only member of the railways ever to go on trial for organizing the deportations. But on his first day in court in 1973 he suffered a heart attack and was declared medically unfit. Although he lived for a further 23 years, he never faced a further probe into his role. (ibid)

http://www1.jur.uva.nl/junsv/bard/Dienstdeufr.html

German-led trials against Nazis

http://www.buzzle.com/articles­/holocaust-quotes.html

http://www.buzzle.com/articles/brits-decide-holocaust-too-hot-for-students.html

http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/8-1-2005-74010.asp
Decoded transcripts on the Holocaust

According to a summary of the report in the New York Times, one of the most harrowing messages codebreakers overlooked was intercepted on January 11 1943 and detailed the 1,274,166 Jews killed under Operation Reinhard at four death camps – Lublin (Majdanek), Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka – during 1942.

The report notes: “The message itself contained only the identifying letters for the death camps followed by the numerical totals.”

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Unwritten-Order-Hitlers-Solution-History/dp/0752425641/ref=ntt_at_;ep_dpi_2
Peter Longerich

hoess
1. ***-May 1941* the SS commander Heinrich Himmler said to Hoess, that Adolf Hitler had given orders ‘for the final solution of the Jewish question. I have chosen the Auschwitz camp for this purpose’.

**Some historians claim it should read May 1942. Christopher Browning places the decision for the Holocaust earlier, in the fall of 1941.

http://www.auschwitz.dk/hoess.html

2. Hoess, Mengele, Dr Holling, all Waffen SS. Majdanek was run by Waffen SS.

3. Hoess, “The ‘Final Solution’ of the Jewish question meant the complete extermination of all Jews in Europe. I was ordered to establish extermination facilities at Auschwitz in 6/1941.

At that time, there were already in the General Government three other extermination camps: Belzek, Treblinka and Wolzek (Sobibor). These camps were under the Einsatzkommando of the Security Police and SD. I visited Treblinka to find out how they carried out their exterminations. The camp commandant at Treblinka told me that he had liquidated 80,000 in the course of one-half year. ” Hoess, Death Dealer

Hoess, review of Death DealerParticulars of his roles in the concentration camp system include his ordering of “the first execution of the war” at Sachsenhausen in 1938 and his 1941 assignment to establish and manage Auschwitz as “the largest human killing center in all of history.”
————————

Laurence Rees, Auschwitz
Auschwitz: The Nazis The ‘Final Solution’

The book which parallels the BBC television series on Auschwitz … and one which can most effectively be read in conjunction with a viewing of the series (either on television or DVD). The BBC has developed considerable skill in combining scholarly but accessible written and visual history, and this is no exception.

Over a million would be murdered in Auschwitz

The Nazi Doctors, by Mount Sinai Psychiatrist Robert Lifton
“The book begins with a fact-based approach to inform the reader of exactly what did happen in the camp and takes great care to separate fact from fiction. All of the facts are here concerning the gas chamber mass executions, the ramp selections at the train station where a physician decided in an instant who was to live and who was to die, isolated death injections, the killing of children and adults with physical impairments or disabilities (‘life unworthy of life’), forced slave labor, starvation, and medical experiments on human beings”.

This powerful study, the result of ten years of painstaking research and extensive interviews, casts new light not only on the origins of the Holocaust, but explains how physicians, sworn by oath and conviction to ease suffering, were transformed from healers to systematic killers.

Boston Globe:
The renowned psychiatrist’s most powerful and important book-a brilliant analysis and history of the crucial role that German doctors played in Nazi genocide. In a new introduction, Lifton considers the medicalized killing of more recent mass murders and how ordinary people become socialized to genocide.

The author, a Jewish Psychiatrist, interviewed numerous participants, including SS doctors, prisoner-doctors, nurses and survivors, and examined exhaustive historical documents in compiling the work. (Barnes and Noble site)
————-

For many years, Eugen Kogon’s The Theory and Practice of Hell remained the seminal work on the concentration camps, particularly in Germany. Reissued with an introduction by Nikolaus Waschmann, a leading Holocaust scholar and author of Hitler’s Prisons, this important work now demands to be re-read.

Source:?
Authers and Wolffe, journalists for the Financial Times, trace the efforts made from 1995 to date to win compensation for those who lost assets and endured forced labor at the hands of the Nazis and their collaborators in WWII.

Laurence Rees is Creative Director of History Programs for the BBC and author of five books, including The Nazis: A Warning from History and Horror in the East: Japan and the Atrocities of World War II. He lives in London.

Wannsee
(wiki)
“the final solution to the Jewish question” at a conference in Wannsee, Germany. The transcript of this gathering on January 20, 1942 , as they devised the salient details of their future destruction, including using extermination through labor as one component of their so-called “Final Solution”:

“Under proper leadership, the Jews shall now in the course of the Final Solution be suitably brought to their work assignments in the East. Able-bodied Jews are to be lead to these areas to build roads in large work columns separated by sex, during which a large part will undoubtedly drop out through a process of natural reduction. As it will undoubtedly represent the most robust portion, the possible final remainder will have to be handled appropriately, as it would constitute a group of naturally-selected individuals, and would form the seed of a new Jewish resistance. ”

http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/people/b/bacque-james/ambrose-001.html
Ambrose on Bacque

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2 Responses to “more July comments on Hoess, end of Denial”

  1. paolosilv Says:

    http://sz-magazin.sueddeutsche.de/texte/anzeigen/33508/4/1

    The Long Shadow of Debt
    By Christoph Cadenbach and Bastian Obermayer Photos: Mauritius; Inter Press / Wazawa, Yad Vashem, Lisl Urban / Dingsda Publisher

    Majdanek, Poland, 1943

    The uprisings in Sobibor and Warsaw have drastic consequences: Probably as a reaction to it assigns to SS chief Heinrich Himmler, the “Operation Harvest Festival” which will be the conclusion of “Operation Reinhardt” to the plan, all Jews in occupied Poland to kill it »to make free of Jews” as the Nazis say to the plan, the nearly two million people will fall victim.
    Ad

    The preparations for the “Harvest” starts at the end of October in a field behind the Majdanek concentration camp near Lublin: The guards tell about 300 Jewish prisoners to dig trenches zigzag, three feet deep and five feet wide. The guards say that they were slit trenches for protection against air raids. In fact, the trenches will soon be graves.
    On 2 November 1943 travel different SS and police troops to Majdanek. The company, which has taken Erich Steidtmann, the first company of the police battalion, one hundred and first

    The “Harvest Festival” begins in the early morning of 3 November. Of two sound trucks constantly urges loud music through the camp, a Strauss waltz, a tango, the Heinz Rühmann hit the road What Is There? To march. In the brief pauses between songs when the plates are changed, you can hear the machine-gun fire even more. In the evening, about 16 500 Jews will be dead, it is one of the largest massacres of the entire Holocaust.

    The historian Christopher R. Browning will come in 1992 in his standard work on the battalion of 101 to the conclusion that the men of the battalion took part in literally every phase of the operation “Harvest Festival” at Majdanek. Only they have not fired, but were special forces arrived.

    A man from Steidtmanns company will say later: “From my standpoint, I could see how other members of our battalion, the Jews were driven out naked from the barracks … For sure I remember the naked Jews were driven directly to the pits and then downright placed on the predecessor had been shot. This victim lying shot the shooter then a volley from each. ”

    The next day, take the members of the Police Battalion 101 on another, about 50 km distant concentration camps, to Poniatowa. There, they help to execute a further 14 000 people.
    None of the men of the Police Battalion 101, which the historian Daniel Goldhagen “genocide cohort called” is due later this 30 500-fold to murder in Majdanek and Poniatowa guilty or be indicted only.

    Even Erich Steidtmann not. When asked to “Operation Harvest Festival,” he will say that he was at that time on vacation. Steidtmann designates four witnesses, none of which confirm his assertion is: one is there, in 1963, is already dead, one missing. One can not remember whether Steidtmann was on leave. The fourth witness is Steidtmanns then girlfriend. It is not questioned.

    There is also a letter that Erich Steidtmann 31 October 1943 at the Race and Settlement Main Office writes, three days before the “Operation Harvest Festival.” In the letter he sits next to the date is not the place, as is customary in ordinary letters, but his field post number, 56048B, and “OU”, the abbreviation for “Ortsunterkunft. The provision was to prevent the enemy from intercepted military post did not learn what unit was stationed where. In an accompanying form Steidtmann bears but one in the line “of present residence”: “location of Lublin.

    This can only mean: Erich Steidtmann is 31st on that October 1943 in the war, in the Lublin district, where his company, two days before it goes to Majdanek. So he entered his vacation in those two days on? The historian Christopher R. Browning, the greatest authority of the Battalion 101, said, on demand of the SZ-Magazin: “It is of course completely unbelievable that it should leave the leader of a company in Lublin three days before the ‘harvest festival’, just as his Company sets out to take part in a great effort. ”

    Although the location of the letter is clear evidence that Erich Steidtmann involved as a company commander in the murder of 30 500 Jews, she played in all previous investigations in the case Steidtmann does not matter. Not yet.

  2. paolosilv Says:

    The Long Shadow of Debt
    By Christoph Cadenbach and Bastian Obermayer Photos: Mauritius; Inter Press / Wazawa, Yad Vashem, Lisl Urban / Dingsda Publisher

    Warsaw, Poland, 1943

    On the streets of the Warsaw ghetto is snow and it’s cold, minus twenty degrees. This 18th January, a Monday, will be a sunny day. Around 6:30 clock, the first Jewish workers make their way to their jobs outside the ghetto, in the so-called Aryan side of town. But this morning let the German military and police units, which deploy from the ghetto walls, nobody out. Quickly spread inside the rumor that the Germans wanted to kill that day, all remaining Jews in the ghetto: 60 000 of almost 500 000, which in 1941 still lived there. The others are gassed, shot or beaten, starved, died of disease or deported to labor camps.

    At 7:30 clock the German units go to the ghetto. The Jewish people are panicked, they hide themselves in cellars, bunkers or abandoned houses. Mothers holding their crying babies mouth, so long, so cramped that some suffocated. Who will be discovered and refuses to follow the Germans will be shot. Anyone who follows them die in the gas. For the first time the ghetto looking for the armed struggle against the Germans.

    Among those who go on that or the following days to the ghetto, houses, Jews pay to break the resistance, is also Erich Steidtmann. He is the eleventh company company commander of the III. Battalion of the 22nd SS police regiment, 150 men are under him. He is twenty years later, in 1963 say, when interviewed as a witness, he had reported “voluntarily as Stoßtruppführer for fumigation and Einzelliquidierung of pockets of resistance.”

    A policeman who was on that day with Steidtmanns company in the ghetto, describes Beaten use in his diary, which is twenty years later made the same procedure on the file: “, hunted, whipped. Some were hiding, the one hung out the entrails … forty five in the basement of the house shot, slaughtered like sheep for the slaughter. ”

    In fact, the Germans wanted to kill that day not all ghetto residents; goal is 8000 ‘illegal’ ghetto residents, namely those without a work permit to bring the German occupiers, to the extermination camp Treblinka. When the Germans stop the action after four days because of the unexpectedly strong opposition, lie on the streets of the ghetto in 1170 dead Jews and about 5,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka.

    Erich Steidtmann was involved in this deployment, the historian classified as murder and extermination campaign, that’s for sure. Controversial is whether he and two months later, during the great Ghetto Uprising

    April / May 1943, still in Warsaw was, when the Germans burned down the ghetto, killing about 7,000 Jews here on the spot and deport about 50 000 people and most of them murdered later. Then there is no more ghetto.

    Steidtmann will say after the war, he was not used during the ghetto uprising, but was transferred in March 1943 to Lublin. Two things argue against this claim. First: One of the men says his company from the proceedings in 1963, to have been used during the ghetto uprising: under Steidtmann. Secondly, in the files of the Bundesarchiv is a Nazi document, dated 19 March 1943, which prescribes a transfer Steidtmanns. But not to Lublin, but within the 22 SS police regiment. Accordingly Steidtmann had stayed in Warsaw.

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