Fest, Joachim; Plotting Hitler’s Death – The Story of the German Resistance, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 1996. ISBN 0-8050-4213-X
also, “Inside the bunker”.
There is a good History channel video on the “July 20 German plot to assassinate Hitler”.
Captain Axel vom dem Bussche witnessed by chance an SS-organised massacre of more than 3,000 Jewish civilians carried out by the SD at the old Dubno airport. This experience traumatized him all his life and was enough to turn him decidedly against Hitler. (wiki)
“In 1941, as the magnitude of anti-Jewish violence increased, newspapers began running descriptions of the Nazi mass murder of Jews, some even using the word “extermination” to refer to these large-scale killings. However, it wasn’t until late 1942 that the American public received official confirmation of these reports.
On November 24 of that year, Rabbi Stephen Wise disclosed in a press conference that the State Department had investigated and confirmed reports about the Nazis’ extermination campaign against European Jews. A few weeks later, on December 17, the United States, Britain, and ten Allied governments released a formal declaration confirming and condemning Hitler’s extermination policy toward the Jews. ”
German Railways Admits Complicity in Holocaust
German railways today admitted the central role its Nazi-era predecessor played in the Holocaust, saying that without the cooperation of the network the systematic murder of millions of people could never have happened.
Launching its first ever touring exhibition about the Holocaust, the state rail company Deutsche Bahn (DB) said the tracks and freight of the Reichsbahn were integral to the Nazis’ extermination plan.
Ganzenmüller was the only member of the railways ever to go on trial for organizing the deportations. But on his first day in court in 1973 he suffered a heart attack and was declared medically unfit. Although he lived for a further 23 years, he never faced a further probe into his role. (ibid)
German-led trials against Nazis
Decoded transcripts on the Holocaust
According to a summary of the report in the New York Times, one of the most harrowing messages codebreakers overlooked was intercepted on January 11 1943 and detailed the 1,274,166 Jews killed under Operation Reinhard at four death camps – Lublin (Majdanek), Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka – during 1942.
The report notes: “The message itself contained only the identifying letters for the death camps followed by the numerical totals.”
1. ***-May 1941* the SS commander Heinrich Himmler said to Hoess, that Adolf Hitler had given orders ‘for the final solution of the Jewish question. I have chosen the Auschwitz camp for this purpose’.
**Some historians claim it should read May 1942. Christopher Browning places the decision for the Holocaust earlier, in the fall of 1941.
2. Hoess, Mengele, Dr Holling, all Waffen SS. Majdanek was run by Waffen SS.
3. Hoess, “The ‘Final Solution’ of the Jewish question meant the complete extermination of all Jews in Europe. I was ordered to establish extermination facilities at Auschwitz in 6/1941.
At that time, there were already in the General Government three other extermination camps: Belzek, Treblinka and Wolzek (Sobibor). These camps were under the Einsatzkommando of the Security Police and SD. I visited Treblinka to find out how they carried out their exterminations. The camp commandant at Treblinka told me that he had liquidated 80,000 in the course of one-half year. ” Hoess, Death Dealer
Hoess, review of Death DealerParticulars of his roles in the concentration camp system include his ordering of “the first execution of the war” at Sachsenhausen in 1938 and his 1941 assignment to establish and manage Auschwitz as “the largest human killing center in all of history.”
Laurence Rees, Auschwitz
Auschwitz: The Nazis The ‘Final Solution’
The book which parallels the BBC television series on Auschwitz … and one which can most effectively be read in conjunction with a viewing of the series (either on television or DVD). The BBC has developed considerable skill in combining scholarly but accessible written and visual history, and this is no exception.
Over a million would be murdered in Auschwitz
The Nazi Doctors, by Mount Sinai Psychiatrist Robert Lifton
“The book begins with a fact-based approach to inform the reader of exactly what did happen in the camp and takes great care to separate fact from fiction. All of the facts are here concerning the gas chamber mass executions, the ramp selections at the train station where a physician decided in an instant who was to live and who was to die, isolated death injections, the killing of children and adults with physical impairments or disabilities (‘life unworthy of life’), forced slave labor, starvation, and medical experiments on human beings”.
This powerful study, the result of ten years of painstaking research and extensive interviews, casts new light not only on the origins of the Holocaust, but explains how physicians, sworn by oath and conviction to ease suffering, were transformed from healers to systematic killers.
The renowned psychiatrist’s most powerful and important book-a brilliant analysis and history of the crucial role that German doctors played in Nazi genocide. In a new introduction, Lifton considers the medicalized killing of more recent mass murders and how ordinary people become socialized to genocide.
The author, a Jewish Psychiatrist, interviewed numerous participants, including SS doctors, prisoner-doctors, nurses and survivors, and examined exhaustive historical documents in compiling the work. (Barnes and Noble site)
For many years, Eugen Kogon’s The Theory and Practice of Hell remained the seminal work on the concentration camps, particularly in Germany. Reissued with an introduction by Nikolaus Waschmann, a leading Holocaust scholar and author of Hitler’s Prisons, this important work now demands to be re-read.
Authers and Wolffe, journalists for the Financial Times, trace the efforts made from 1995 to date to win compensation for those who lost assets and endured forced labor at the hands of the Nazis and their collaborators in WWII.
Laurence Rees is Creative Director of History Programs for the BBC and author of five books, including The Nazis: A Warning from History and Horror in the East: Japan and the Atrocities of World War II. He lives in London.
“the final solution to the Jewish question” at a conference in Wannsee, Germany. The transcript of this gathering on January 20, 1942 , as they devised the salient details of their future destruction, including using extermination through labor as one component of their so-called “Final Solution”:
“Under proper leadership, the Jews shall now in the course of the Final Solution be suitably brought to their work assignments in the East. Able-bodied Jews are to be lead to these areas to build roads in large work columns separated by sex, during which a large part will undoubtedly drop out through a process of natural reduction. As it will undoubtedly represent the most robust portion, the possible final remainder will have to be handled appropriately, as it would constitute a group of naturally-selected individuals, and would form the seed of a new Jewish resistance. ”
Ambrose on Bacque
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