Original Documents on the Holocaust: Warning, Graphic

Hitler Bans Public Reference to the “Final Solution of the

Jewish Question” July 11, 1943

National-Socialist German Workers’ Party

Party Secretariat

Head of the Party Secretariat

Fuehrer Headquarters, July 11, 1943

Circular No. 33/43 g

.
Re:

Treatment of the Jewish Question
On instructions from the Fuehrer I make known the following:

Where the Jewish Question is brought up in public, there may be no

discussion of a future overall solution (Gesamtloesung).
It may, however, be mentioned that the Jews are taken in groups for

appropriate labor purposes.

signed M. Bormann

Distribution: Reichsleiter

Gauleiter

Group leaders

File Reference: Treatment/Jews

Source:

Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the
Destruction of the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet

Union
Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1981, Document no.160. p.342.
http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204028.pdf

————-‘

On May 25, 1940 for example, Himmler handed Adolf Hitler a secret memorandum that contained Himmler’s recommendations regarding “the treatment of the peoples of alien races in the East.” It called for “the racial sifting” of millions of people.
source: Holocaust chronicle
xposted to “Hitler, Himmler and Holocaust ”
—————————————-

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205607.pdf

In normal times this danger is naturally not so great than in abnormal times and the most abnormal time in the life of a nation is the war. Therefore I am personally convinced that we cannot allow Jewry, as a seat of infection, to exist any longer. Of course, a

more inhumane solution could be demanded in time of war: but it is certain

that there can be no more discussion in Germany of the necessity of removing

Jewry as a seat of infection. The vast majority of the German nation want a

total solution of the Jewish question.

J. Goebbels, 1939. Internal Nazi memo.

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205607.pdf

————–

In the ghettos the Jews are to receive only as much food as the rest of the

population can spare, but not more than is required for their bare subsistence.

The same applies to the allocation of other essential goods.

Distribution:

Reichskommissariat

Higher SS and Police Leader (

Hoeherer SS- und Polizeifuehrer)
Generalkommissar

: Estonia Lithuania Latvia Byelorussia

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204037.pdf
——
Warning: Graphic:
A pit had been cut in the ground, about 4 m. wide and 7-8 m.

long, and the excavated earth had been piled up on one side. This mound and

the side of the pit beneath it were stained all over with streams of blood. The

pit itself was filled with human corpses of all kinds and both sexes in such

numbers that it was difficult to estimate them; it was not possible to judge the

depth of the pit. Behind the mound of excavated earth a Police Commando

was lined up with a Police Officer in command.

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204180.pdf

——

Warning: Graphic

I am not concerned here with

whatever court decisions may have formed the basis for the executions I have

described, I felt it was not reconcilable with our concepts of custom and

decency up to the present time and that a mass slaughter of human beings

should be carried out quite publicly, as on an outdoor stage. I wish to add that

according to statements by soldiers who frequently watch these executions,

several hundreds of persons were said to be shot every day.

(ibid)

=========

July 31, 1943

Jews
In the month under consideration enemy propaganda dealt with the Jews to

an increased degree. Rumors were spread in the various ghettos that

Grossaktionen (Large Actions) would take place within a short period in which not only

children, old people and the unfit would be shot by the Security Police, but all

the inmates of the ghettos without exception.

Situation Report by the Commander of the Security Police and SD

for Lithuania for the Month of July 1943

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204182.pdf

========

Approval would be given to evacuation of

the greater part of the Hungarian Jews from occupied territories “since

Hungary naturally does not intend to lag behind the other countries.

Mr. Sztojay He knew from his discussions in the past that the Prime Minister was particularly

interested in the question as to whether a continued existence in the east

would be made possible for the Jews after their evacuation. There were many

rumors in this connection which he personally of course would not believe,

however these rumors disturbed Prime Minister Kallay somewhat. He would

not want to be accused of having exposed the Hungarian Jews to misery or

worse after their evacuation.

My answer stating that all evacuated Jews, including obviously the Hungarian

Jews too, would first be used in the East for road construction and would later

be settled in a Jewish reserve…

Signed: Luther (Foreign Office )

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%205062.pdf

=========

Hitler speech, Dec 12 1941, to the Gauleiters, p212, “The Holocaust on Trial”, Guttenplan. Hitler makes clear his intentions are extermination.

http://www.holocaust-history.org/december-12-1941/
Christian Gerlach, historian, on notes found on ‘Hitler’s Speech to the Gauleiters.’ Goebbels’ notes in his diary are matched by Hans Franck’s notes in his gov’t diary, proving that Hitler ordered the Holocaust, and openly spoke of it on that day.
Order by Himmler On July 19, 1942, for the Completion of
the “Final Solution” in the Government-General

I herewith order that the resettlement of the entire Jewish population of the
Government-General be carried out and completed by December 31, 1942.
From December 31, 1942, no persons of Jewish origin may remain within the
Government-General, unless they are in collection camps in Warsaw, Cracow,
Czestochowa, Radom, and Lublin. All other work on which Jewish labor is
employed must be finished by that date, or, in the event that this is not
possible, it must be transferred to one of the collection camps.
These measures are required with a view to the necessary ethnic division of
races and peoples for the New Order in Europe, and also in the interests of
the security and cleanliness of the German Reich and its sphere of interest.
Every breach of this regulation spells a danger to quiet and order in the entire
German sphere of interest, a point of application for the resistance movement
and a source of moral and physical pestilence.

For all these reasons a total cleansing is necessary and therefore to be
carried out. Cases in which the date set can not be observed will be reported
to me in time, so that I can see to corrective action at an early date. All
requests by other offices for changes or permits for exceptions to be made
must be presented to me personally.
Heil Hilter!
H. Himmler
NO-5574.
From:
Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the
Destruction of the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet
Union
Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1981, Document no.124
=======

3. The reduction of the population will be carried out by the Sonderkommando (in the Lodz Ghetto)

of SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Bothmann, which operated in the area previously.

The RF will issue an Order instructing SS Hauptsturmfuehrer Bothmann and

his Sonderkommando to leave their station in Croatia and be available for

service in the Wartheland.

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204030.pdf

my comment: Bothmann was a part of the Holocaust at Chelmno. Hence Jews were being sent to be murdered, there can be no doubt about it.

=======

From the Korherr Report:

V. Evacuation of the Jews

At least in the area of the Reich the evacuation of the Jews has taken the

place of the emigration of the Jews. Following the ban on Jewish emigration

from Fall 1941 [the evacuation] was prepared on a large scale and carried out

to a far-reaching extent throughout the area of the Reich in 1942. In the

balance sheet of Jewry (Bilanz des Judentums) it appears as “Emigration.”

* Prepared by Richard Korherr, head of the Statistics Department in

Himmler’s office.

** Germany before 1938.

*** The total number of Jews in these areas at the beginning of the war

had been about 2 million.

Source:

Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the
Destruction of the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet

Union

Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1981, Document no.158. pp.332-334.

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204027.pdf

my comment: These document shows the Nazis twisted words come back to haunt them. How can they be ‘evacuated ‘ from the “Reich” and yet the matter of the evacuation ‘be settled ‘ within the Reich? Either they were evacuated from the Reich, or else evacuation has more than one meaning, namely the same meaning as ’emigration.’ Emigration to where? The Jews were not ‘re-settled’ in the East , as in the document signed by Martin Luther of the Foreign Office. The Jews in the Soviet Union, the East, were murdered, as proved by Father Desbois and the research contained in ‘the Holocaust by bullets.’ At 1.5 million Jews were murdered in Ukraine. I hope they do more research on the estimated number of Jews who died in the rest of the Soviet Union, which may mean it is more than six million Jews who were killed or who died.

======

Signed Obligation by SS Men Taking Part in an

Extermination Operation to Observe Secrecy, July 18,

1942

concerning the obligation of [name of person]……… as a person with special

duties in the execution of tasks in the evacuation of Jews within the framework

of “Einsatz Reinhard,” [Operation Reinhard] under the SS Police Leader (SSund
Polizeifuehrer

) in the District of Lublin.
……… [Name] declares:

I have been thoroughly informed and instructed by SS

Hauptstuermfuhrer
Hoefle, as Commander of the main division of ”

Einsatz Reinhard” of the SS
and Police Leader in the District of Lublin:

1. that I may not under any circumstances pass on any form of information,

verbally or in writing, on the progress, procedure or incidents in the evacuation

of Jews to any person outside the circle of the “Einsatz Reinhard” staff;

2. that the process of the evacuation of Jews is a subject that comes under

“Secret Reich Document,” in accordance with censorship regulation

Verschl.
V. a;

3. concerning the special regulations made by the SS and Police Leader in

the District of Lublin in this case, with explicit reference to the fact that these

regulations are “Orders concerning Duties,” and/or “Orders and Prohibitions”

in accordance with Para. 92b of R.St.G.B.;

4. that there is an absolute prohibition on photography in the camps of

“Einsatz Reinhard”;
5. concerning Para. 88 through 93 of R.St.G.B., of the formulation of April 24,

1934, and the Regulation on Bribery and Revealing of Secrets on the part of

Persons who are not in Official Employ, of May 3, 1917, and February 12,

1920;

6. concerning the paragraphs of R.St.G.B. 139 (Duty to Lay Information) and

353c (Breach of the Official Secrets Act).

I am familiar with the above Regulations and Laws and am aware of the

responsibilities imposed upon me by the task with which I have been entrusted. I

promise to observe them to the best of my knowledge and conscience. I am aware that

the obligation to maintain secrecy continues even after I have left the Service.

Source: Yitzhak Arad, Yisrael Gutman, Abraham Margaliot (Eds.),

Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the Destruction of

the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet Union

Yad Vashem, Jerusalem 1981, Document no. 123, pp.274-275.

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204019.pdf
========

Hitler Bans Public Reference to the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” July 11, 1943

National-Socialist German Workers’ Party

Party Secretariat

Head of the Party Secretariat

Fuehrer Headquarters, July 11, 1943

Circular No. 33/43 g

.
Re:

Treatment of the Jewish Question
On instructions from the Fuehrer I make known the following:

Where the Jewish Question is brought up in public, there may be no

discussion of a future overall solution (Gesamtloesung).

It may, however, be mentioned that the Jews are taken in groups for

appropriate labor purposes.

signed M. Bormann

Distribution: Reichsleiter

Gauleiter

Group leaders

File Reference: Treatment/Jews

Source:

Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the
Destruction of the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet

Union
Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, 1981, Document no.160. p.342.
http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204028.pdf

===========
http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%204017.pdf
Wannsee Protocol

In the meantime, in view of the dangers of emigration in war-time, and the

possibilities in the East, the Reichsfuehrer SS and Chief of the German Police

has forbidden the emigration of Jews.

4*

III. Emigration has now been replaced by evacuation of the Jews to the East,

as a further possible solution, with the appropriate prior authorization by the

Fuehrer.

However, this operation should be regarded only as a provisional option; but it

is already supplying practical experience of great significance in view of the

coming final solution of the Jewish question.

In the course of this final solution of the European Jewish question

approximately 11 million Jews may be taken into consideration, distributed

over the individual countries as follows:

Europe is to be combed through from West to East in the course of the

practical implementation of the final solution.

The evacuated Jews will first be taken, group by group, to so-called transit

ghettos, in order to be transported further east from there.

========

**
Dr Philip Buehler… requested that the Jewish question in this area be solved as quickly as possible.(General Gov’t of Poland).

Dr. Buehler were of the opinion that certain preparatory work for the final

solution should be carried out locally in the area concerned, but that, in doing

so, alarm among the population must be avoided.
=====

“The Dutch medical establishment would not give in…” to performing Euthanasia.

http://www.restoringourheritage.com/articles/nej_medicaldictatorship.pdf

Longerich, Peter: The Nazis destroyed many documents proving their culpability.
(source: The atlantic magazine, review of book , “The Holocaust” by Longerich, Sept 2010)

———-

On April 14, 1945, Himmler telegraphed the following command to the camp commanders of Dachau and Flossenburg: “There is to be no question of surrender. The camp must be evacuated immediately. Not a single living prisoner must fall into the hands of the enemy.”

http://www.mazal.org/NO-series/NO-0056-000.htm

Action reinhard(t) completed

http://www.mazal.org/NO-series/NO-0058-000.htm

Himmler on “Action Reinhard”

http://www.mazal.org/NO-series/NO-0060-000.htm

100 million Reichsmarks taken from the the victims of “Action Reinhard”

====
GRAPHIC:

Below is the complete text from the QuickTime movie presentation of Heinrich Himmler’s Poznan speech of October 4, 1943. Graphic. Also in German. [Posen, Posnan]

OCTOBER 4, 1943

POZNAN, POLAND

Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, speaks to SS officers for three hours in a secret meeting.

Himmler’s recording survived the war. It is now in the National Archives in College Park, Maryland.

What you are hearing has not been edited.

Himmler is finishing talking about weapons factories.

He is about to remind his officers of the loyalty he expects in their extermination of the Jews.


I also want to mention a very difficult subject before you here, completely openly.

It should be discussed amongst us, and yet, nevertheless, we will never speak about it in public.

Just as we did not hesitate on June 30 to carry out our duty, as ordered, and stand comrades who had failed against the wall and shoot them.

About which we have never spoken, and never will speak.

That was, thank God, a kind of tact natural to us, a foregone conclusion of that tact, that we have never conversed about it amongst ourselves, never spoken about it, everyone shuddered, and everyone was clear that the next time, he would do the same thing again, if it were commanded and necessary.

I am talking about the “Jewish evacuation”: the extermination of the Jewish people.
It is one of those things that is easily said. “The Jewish people is being exterminated,” every Party member will tell you, “perfectly clear, it’s part of our plans, we’re eliminating the Jews, exterminating them, ha!, a small matter.”

And then along they all come, all the 80 million upright Germans, and each one has his decent Jew. They say: all the others are swine, but here is a first-class Jew.

And none of them has seen it, has endured it. Most of you will know what it means when 100 bodies lie together, when there are 500, or when there are 1000. And to have seen this through, and — with the exception of human weaknesses — to have remained decent, has made us hard and is a page of glory never mentioned and never to be mentioned.

Because we know how difficult things would be, if today in every city during the bomb attacks, the burdens of war and the privations, we still had Jews as secret saboteurs, agitators and instigators. We would probably be at the same stage as 1916-17, if the Jews still resided in the body of the German people.

We have taken away the riches that they had, and I have given a strict order, which Obergruppenführer Pohl has carried out, we have delivered these riches completely to the Reich, to the State. We have taken nothing from them for ourselves. A few, who have offended against this, will be [judged] in accordance with an order, that I gave at the beginning: He who takes even one Mark of this is a dead man.

A number of SS men have offended against this order. There are not very many, and they will be dead men – WITHOUT MERCY! We have the moral right, we had the duty to our people to do it, to kill this people who wanted to kill us. But we do not have the right to enrich ourselves with even one fur, with one Mark, with one cigarette, with one watch, with anything. That we do not have. Because at the end of this, we don’t want, because we exterminated the bacillus, to become sick and die from the same bacillus.

I will never see it happen, that even one bit of putrefaction comes in contact with us, or takes root in us. On the contrary, where it might try to take root, we will burn it out together. But altogether we can say: We have carried out this most difficult task for the love of our people. And we have taken on no defect within us, in our soul, or in our character.

http://www.holocaust-history.org/himmler-poznan/speech-text.shtml

recent study by Michael Mann

which presents a collective profile of some 1,500 Nazi killers from a variety of groups (“euthanasia” doctors and concentration camp personnel as well as members of the police and the Einsatzgruppen), (98) supplemented by other more specifically Gestapo-oriented sources, provides a useful measuring standard for the conclusions that follow.

Gestapo man Seetzen. Gestapo were informed of the “Final Solution” by Eichmann. Also took part in ‘killings in the East.’

Brazil: Nazis went to, :
But all that was to end when Gustav Wagner’s idyllic retirement in Sao Paolo was shattered on May 30, 1978. Simon Wiesenthal, the famous Nazi hunter found out he was living in the town, along with at least 1500 other Nazi killers. Every year, the Alter Kameraden – Old Comrades – notoriously met to celebrate Hitler’s birthday in a village tavern near Sao Paolo, although Wagner did not attend. Recklessly, the old Nazis photographed each other.
Chief Heinrich Muller, the head of the Gestapo. Article claims he went to Brazil.
Immediately after the war, the Swiss government had allowed rich Nazis paying 200,000 Swiss Francs each to fly on a regular scheduled flight scheduled to Brazil, and no questions were asked at either end.
For a higher fee, Swiss bankers discreetly transferred vast sums of money from Zurich to Brazilian banks.

Lobe, Karlis
Latvian killer of Jews who went free
http://clemensheni.wordpress.c­om/2010/03/22/riga-viktor-araj­s-march-16-the-latvian-legion-­and-the-holocaust/
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/eur­ope/8381413.stm
Sobibor


WARNING! VERY GRAPHIC VIDEO of Einsatzgruppen, killings. But it has to be shown, to fight Holocaust denial.


Auschwitz, Hungarians
also graphic

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

3 Responses to “Original Documents on the Holocaust: Warning, Graphic”

  1. paolosilv Says:


    Elie Wiesel, 7th from the left, second tier.

    http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/photocredit/achievers/wie0-010
    A young Elie Wiesel

    http://www.achievement.org/autodoc/page/wie0bio-1

  2. anotheroklahomarose Says:

    No matter how much I read, or how many videos I watch, or how many people I interview, or the countless memories of my own and others throughout my life, this segment of history still tears me apart and baffles me beyond explanation. I fail to understand how anyone can claim the Holocaust did not happen, or it did not happen to the scope that it did, nor do I understand America’s need to continue to secret vital documents and evidence of all the cooperation and complacency of all nations, including her own. Nor do I understand why the Jews have always been a target by alleged “believers”. There are only two holocaust instances throughout history where the megalomaniac at the helm admitted to atheism: the Roman empire under Herod, and the Nazi Holocaust under Adolf Hitler — reared a Catholic.

    Your posts provided new information for my research and new names I had not heard before. Thank you.

  3. aolosilv Says:

    //www.thefreelibrary.com/UNITED+SHAME%3b+TOMRROW’S+WORLD+CUP+FINAL+IS+A+MEETING+OF+TWO+FINE…-a088028600

    Byline: TOM BOWER

    SATURDAY THE BLOOD mingling with the bath water brought a scream from the Brazilian male nurse. Slumped in the tub was Gustav Wagner

    Gustav Franz Wagner (born July 18, 1911 in Vienna – died 1980) was an SS officer and deputy commandant of the German Sobibór death camp in Poland, where more than 200,000 were gassed during Operation Reinhard.

    after confessing on television to his participation in the productionline murder of at least 250,000 Jews within just 15 months in 1942 and 1943, had slashed his wrists and bled to death, preventing justice from taking its course.

    Wagner died in a hospital in Brasilia, the federal capital of Brazil. For 27 years he had lived under his own name in a solid Bavarian-style house he had built in the hills outside Sao Paolo, the country’s vibrant second city.

    Wagner had led ‘a very pleasant life’ with his second wife, he had revealed in the interview. Few could have imagined that the 69-year-old had once enjoyed killing a father and his son with a single bullet through their heads before sitting down to breakfast at Sobibor.

    His hosts, the Brazilians, had never shown any interest in his crimes or his extraordinary escape from Europe. Helped by sympathetic Roman Catholic priests This is an annotated list of men primarily known for their work as Catholic priests. Catholic priests who are mostly known for their non-priestly work should be placed on other lists. in the Vatican and by Odessa, the secret Nazi escape organisation, Wagner had sailed across the Atlantic with a Red Cross passport using his own name.

    Although his name appeared on the United Nations list of people wanted for the most appalling crimes, the Brazilian police and government officials welcomed Wagner as a friend.

    The Nazi was not surprised. Despite the horrors perpetrated by the Germans during World War II, the Brazilian government had sympathised with Hitler’s regime and was eager to grant sanctuary to its favourite sons after 1945.

    While fleeing Jews had been denied visas, Germans effortlessly gained entry.

    Tomorrow, as Germany and Brazil battle for the World Cup, the final reckoning of that wartime legacy remains uncounted, and 57 years after Hitler’s defeat, the swastika still casts a shadow over the relationship between Germany and Brazil. WHILE Argentina’s role in sheltering war criminals is infamous, Brazil’s willingness to welcome some of the Holocaust’s most vigorous proponents is less well known. Throughout the war, Brazil had been a safe haven for Nazi loot – paintings, gold, jewels, patents and money stolen from innocent Europeans.

    Immediately after the war, the Swiss government had allowed rich Nazis paying 200,000 Swiss Francs each to fly on a regular scheduled flightscheduled flight schedule

    . to Brazil, and no questions were asked at either end.

    For a higher fee, Swiss bankers discreetly transferred vast sums of money from Zurich to Brazilian banks. Wanted Nazis who found Argentina too hot chose Brazil as a quiet hideaway with a sympathetic government and population.

    During the 1950s, West German industrialists and bankers were especially welcomed as investors.

    ——————————————————————————–

    In Brazil, they were not treated with any suspicion. On the contrary, their offices and factories – Siemens and Volkswagen were prominent – were delighted to employ any German from the defeated Fatherland.

    The proof of their presence was blatant. Neo-Nazis met frequently in public; a municipal theatre in Santa Catarina, in southern Brazil, was dedicated to Hitler; and many fondly remembered Getulio Vargas, Brazil’s wartime president, who had openly sympathised with Germany.

    Documents show that the most notorious Nazi murderers enjoyed Brazil’s hospitality.

    the commandant of the Treblinka death camp, where 900,000 were murdered during the war, worked under his own name at the Sao Paolo Volkswagen factory.

    Josef Mengele (March 16 1911– February 7, 1979), was a German SS officer and a physician in the German Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau. He gained notoriety chiefly for being one of the SS physicians who supervised the selection of arriving transports of prisoners, , infamous for his ‘medical’ experiments at Auschwitz, lived under a pseudonym pseudonym (). in Sao Paolo. Heinrich Muller, the head of the Gestapo, Albert Blume, reputedly the Nazi fugitive’s banker, and Friedrich Schwend, a mastermind of the Nazi plan to forge British currency, were all granted sanctuary.

    But all that was to end when Gustav Wagner’s idyllic retirement in Sao Paolo was shattered on May 30, 1978. Simon knew that he was living in the town, along with with at least 1,500 other Nazi killers.

    Every year, the Alter Kameraden – Old Comrades – notoriously met to celebrate Hitler’s birthday in a village tavern near Sao Paolo, although Wagner did not attend. Recklessly, the old Nazis photographed each other.

    After obtaining the latest photograph, Wiesenthal deliberately Tomorrow’s is a meeting modern something Brazil

    Nazi monsters And the swastika deliberately misidentified one man as Wagner, a ruse to bring to the world’s attention the fact that Wagner was living in Brazil. As planned, a huge international uproar ensued.

    Wagner was notorious for crushing the revolt at Sobibor in 1943 when about 300 Jewish inmates rose in revolt, killing several guards. Many rebels were killed and some escaped. The remainder were executed in the gas chambers. OF THE 34 who survived, a pitiful handful remained in 1978, but they rushed to testify against their tormentor.

    ‘He’d go around the camp and pick his people,’ recalled one inmate, Esther Raab. ‘Like a drunk needs drink, he had to have blood.’ Thomas Blatt said Wagner was ‘unable to eat his lunch if he didn’t kill. He used an axe, a shovel, a whip, even his bare hands. When he killed, he smiled.

    He became calm and happy.’

    N ow the uproar Wiesenthal had provoked forced Wagner to surrender. He had no choice, as he was living under his real name.

    Without fear, he arrived for an extraordinary confrontation in Sao Paolo’s police headquarters.

    ‘Hello Gusti,’ said Stanislaw Szmajzner, one of the 34 survivors of Sobibor.

    Wagner smiled. ‘You should be grateful to me,’ he said. ‘I saved you from the gas chambers.’ In his headquarters in Vienna, Simon Wiesenthal was ecstatic.

    ‘Thirty-seven years after the crime,’ he said, ‘10,000 miles from the scene, a murderer has been caught.’ Embarrassed, the Brazilian government hustled Wagner out of the spotlight.

    *****Somewhat reluctantly, the German government applied for Wagner’s extradition.

    Wagner feared the bid would succeed, not least because he did not deny his Nazi activities.

    ‘One saw these people exterminated who were really innocent,’ he recalled in a television interview I conducted with him in 1979, ‘but there was nothing I could do. I feel like an ordinary man.’ Securing that TV interview Wagner’s only public appearance – had taken a week. Old Nazis required flattery and government officials sought assurances, while Wagner battled within himself over whether to justify his crimes to the world.

    A few weeks after the interview the Brazilian supreme court ruled that Wagner would **not be extradited, because the crimes had been committed too long ago – a flimsy excuse.

    The German community in Brazil was elated. But Wagner had become depressed by the furor. He decided to cheat his pursuers by committing suicide.

    Again, the Brazilian dictatorship was embarrassed. Wagner’s existence in Brazil was not news: it had already been revealed by *Stangl shortly before his death in 1971.

    **Germany had been reluctant start extradition proceedings then, because they would, once again, have turned the spotlight on its Nazi past.

    But the past could not be ignored so easily. Brazil was hiding yet another sinister secret in the shape of one of the most notorious war criminals of all time.

    Few had suspected that Josef Mengele ranked among the fugitives in Brazil.

    Possibly, Wagner knew and preferred to die rather than betray his Alter Kameraden and their network.

    Dr Mengele was notorious for his depraved cruelty. Those subjected to his ‘experiments’ were savagely mutilated to satisfy his perverted theories.

    One wall of his laboratory in Auschwitz was lined with human eyes, extracted from living victims plucked from the death camp.

    Standing on the railway ramp at the camp, he had watched the dishevelled arrivals walk from the cattle wagons and, with a flick of his thumb, decided life or death.

    Mengele’s victims were not granted easy deaths. Often, dressed in a distinctive white jacket, he searched among the new arrivals for twins to conduct pseudo-experiments to create a racially pure Aryan master race.

    WITHOUT anaesthetics, he conducted amputations, castrations, dissections and the injecting of diseases on his ‘guinea pigs’ to test their reactions until, amid terrible screams, his ‘patients’ died.

    Often he played with the children, giving them sweets, before beginning his gruesome murders.

    In spare moments, he walked around the camp, beating inmates to pulp, throwing live children into the crematoria or simply shooting an innocent in the head, watching the brains spill onto the earth.

    Mengele had escaped capture several times since 1945. Under the pseudonym Helmut Gregor, marketing agricultural machinery.

    He based himself in Argentina, where he was friendly with the dictator General Peron, even visiting him at home.

    By 1956, he felt secure enough to apply for a **passport in his real name and the following year travelled to **Chile to meet the SS colonel Walther Rauff who had invented the mobile gas van, one of the most efficient killing machines of the Final Solution.

    But in 1960 he began to feel Argentina was getting a little too hot. A team from **Mossad Israel’s ruthless and efficient Secret Service – was at large and, after their successful kidnap of Adolf Eichmann in Buenos Aires, turned their attention to the notorious doctor.

    They were too late – Mengele had already fled to Paraguay.

    But, alarmed by worldwide publicity, he soon moved on to Brazil. Mengele’s saviour was **Wolfgang Gerhard, a fanatical Nazi who had fled from Europe in 1948.

    Gerhard was a link between many Nazi fugitives and sympathisers in Brazil, and provided Mengele with shelter and protection. That could never have happened without the connivance The furtive consent of one person to cooperate with another in the commission of an unlawful act or crime—such as an employer’s agreement not to withhold taxes from the salary of an employee who wants to evade federal Income Tax. of the Brazilian government.

    Seventeen years later, Wiesenthal suspected his quarry was in
    round marketing the even enough year the the feel efficient at successful Eichmann turned the Mengele Paraguay.

    publicity, to saviour fanatical from between and provided and never connivance government.

    Wiesenthal in Brazil. He had heard that Rolf Mengele, the Nazi’s son, who lived in Germany, was travelling to Brazil in October 1977 on a false passport. It would be the first reunion of father and son for 21 years.

    Unknown to Wiesenthal, Josef Mengele had lived in a modern flat in the *centre of Sao Paolo before moving to a suburb where he lived protected by the Brazilians. One of them, Senora Gitta Stammer, who helped hide him for more than ten years, described him as an arrogant and aggressive man, although also sometimes charming.

    He would never allow himself to be photographed, so the pictures she had of him showed only his back. He loved animals, Senora Stammer recalled.

    But 16 months after the reunion with his son, Mengele died while swimming in the sea – the post mortem showed that he’d had a stroke and drowned.

    Yet suicide remained a suspicion.

    Only a few hours before he died, he had told a local farmworker: ‘My life is finished.’ He was buried under the name of Wolfgang Gerhard. But his death remained unknown until 1986, when Brazilian police announced they had found his corpse.

    The revelation was dramatic, not least because all the Nazi hunters were convinced that Mengele was still alive although DNA
    ——————————————————————————–
    tests have since proved that it was indeed Mengele’s corpse. MANY of the Nazi hunters’ reputations were dented, but one paradox emerged.
    The Boys From Brazil, the famous book and Hollywood film of 1978, had portrayed the artificial creation of perfect Aryan children by the fugitive Mengele.

    At the time, the book was hailed as brilliant fiction. Few then suspected the truth about Mengele or that Brazil was a willing host to Nazi murderers.

    But the full reality of Brazil’s murky relationship with the Nazis remained concealed.

    ** In the files of the country’s secret police were the records of all the Nazi fugitives who had entered Brazil.

    Other files detailed the wartime relationship between the government and the Third Reich. **In the banks were the records of deposits by the looters and murderers. The same records hid hoards of gold and currency deposited and unclaimed in the vaults.

    The existence of that property was revealed only in ** 1997 under pressure from the American government.

    Brazil never confronted its murky past. Naturally, when the two national teams line up tomorrow in Yokohama for the World Cup final, the dark stain of Nazism which once linked their countries will be ignored.

    But dotted around the world there are still a few aging survivors of the Nazis’ dreadful atrocities.

    There remain, too, a few of those murderers who, with their descendants, continue to thrive in the sunny sanctuary of Brazil, a country whose claim to be a tolerant, happy racial melting pot is belied by its role as a haven to Hitler’s henchmen.

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