NEW: Serbian Gestapo
On 1 April 1942 German Gestapo started formation of ‘1st Belgrade Special Combat detachment’ for purpose of combat against People’s Liberation Movement (communist resistance) on territory of Serbia. Members of that unit called themselves ‘Serbian Gestapo’. Creation of detachment started in July of the same year. Location was in building of primary school in Belgrade – Starine Novaka street no. 24.
Recruitment of personnel was carried out by commander *Strahinja Janjić and his deputy * Svetozar Nećak. Recruits were found amongst Gendarmerie, Ljotić men’s and individuals of Nazi believers. Acceptance was done by members of Belgrade Gestapo central in front of whom candidates were writing there autobiography and oath. At the end of 1942 detachment was largest and had 147 men. Because of different problems with members of Serbian Gestapo reorganization was done on 26 April 1943. Group of 22 agents was sent to Germany – Berlin – where they were divided into groups of three agents and sent to different companies. In detachment 33 agents remained until disbanded on 29 February 1944 after then Gestapo used individual agents as there own.
From acceptance each agent received its code name under which he was listed in Gestapo. In first months from formation of detachment with its members intensive training was carried out in area of army barracks. They were trained in use of infantry armament, gathering intelligence for police work, learning German language and listening to ideological-political classes. In barracks agents carried working uniforms of German army and in the field civilian suites or uniforms of SS units.
Members were used by German Gestapo individually, in small groups or as part of several dozens. In Belgrade and almost all other cities of Serbia they were used as agents-provocateurs with task of uncovering members and structure of People’s Liberation Movement (NOP), gather information’s on partisan detachment in certain areas etc. As part of units of German Armed Forces they participated in anti-partisan clearing (sweeps) operations during which they carried out searching (and looting) of houses, capturing and execution of members of People’s Liberation Movement. Gestapo tried to get individual into organized structure of People’s Liberation Movement as agents-provocateurs.
Many of the detachment members were criminals often abusing there authority finally forcing Germans to disbanded the unit.?
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Milan Aćimović (1898 – 1945) was a Serbian politician and Axis collaborator.
Aćimović was an attorney by profession. He was at one point chief of the Belgrade police and minister of internal affairs in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia government.
A few weeks after the Axis invasion of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1941, Aćimović formed the first quisling government in Serbia which was known as the Commissary Government. He was the president of the government until August of that year. In the newly formed Government of National Salvation, headed by Milan Nedić, Aćimović served as minister of the interior.
Vladimir Velmar-Janković (Serbian Cyrillic: Владимир Велмар-Јанковић; August 10, 1895 – August 12, 1976) was a Serbian writer and member of Serbia’s World War II quisling government. fled to spain
Milorad Nedeljković (born 1883) was a Serbian economist and Axis-collaborating politician. He graduated and got his Ph.D. from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Economics. He was a professor of national economics and finance at the faculty of law in Subotica.
Nedeljković is best known for being part of Milan Nedić’s German-collaborationist government during World War II as a minister. When the regime was brought down by the Yugoslav Partisans, Nedeljković left the country and eventually died in exile.
Prime Ministers of the puppet governments
Nazi, Franz Boehme, held the real power in Serbia
After being captured in Norway, he was brought before the Hostages Trial, a division of the Subsequent Nuremberg Trials, and charged with war crimes committed in Serbia, during his 1941 control of the region. He had upped the ante of retaliatory strikes against Serbs, killing a hundred Serbs for every German killed, and fifty for every German wounded; this resulted in the massacre of thousands of civilians. When his extradition to Yugoslavia seemed imminent, Böhme committed suicide by jumping from the 4th story of the prison in which he was being held. His body was interred at St. Leonhard-Friedhof in Graz.
“The CROATIAN Handzar division also almost completely made up of Muslims – both of these formations had thousands of members let alone if you were to count all Ustasa formations. ”
only part true. Himmler had about 10:1 ratio of Muslims: Croatian Catholics in the 2 “Waffen SS, Handzar Divisions. ”
Dr. Katicic, Chairman of the Red Cross, shocked by these mass murders, lodged the strongest protest, threatening to denounce to the world this mass slaughter of infants. As a reply, Pavelic had Dr. Katicic flung into the concentration camp of Stara Gradiska.
There were many Croatians in the Partisans as well.
names of Croatian leaders:
niksic, ante; d. 1945
lorkovic, mladen, d. 1945 (led a coup that failed)
Sekula Drljevic, Montenegrin Ustase, anti-semite. Dead 1945
Lyenko Urbanchic (alternative spellings: Ljenko Urbančič and Urbancic) (1922–2006) was a Slovenian-born Australian political activist. He was the most powerful of the central and eastern European Nazi collaborators and war criminals who infiltrated the Liberal Party of Australia from the 1950s and coalesced with Australian rightists to form the ‘Uglies’ faction 
Rojnica, Ivo (dead 2007).
The general came to Argentina in 1947 under the alias of Ivan Rajčinović, according to national archives. In 1951, he received Argentine papers, and later launched proceedings to reclaim his old surname of Rojnica.
The Simon Wiesenthal Center branch in Argentina confirmed the news, while Margel Institute Director Alen Budaj expressed his sadness that he had never been brought to justice. The Simon Wiesenthal Center had accused the late commander of persecution of Serbs, Roma and Jews in the Dubrovnik region during World War 2. Although Rojnica pleaded his innocence, even Argentine media had written that orders existed with his signature sanctioning the seizure of Jewish property, as well as restrictions on the rights of Jewish citizens, who were forbidden to walk the streets of Dubrovnik or own their own shops. The general came to Argentina in 1947 under the alias of Ivan Rajčinović, according to national archives. In 1951, he received Argentine papers, and later launched proceedings to reclaim his old surname of Rojnica. In the early nineties, he became an authorized Croatian representative to Argentina. dead
Kulenovic, Dzafer-beg (born in Rajnovici February 17, 1891 – died of natural causes in Damascus, Syria October 3, 1956): Replaced his older brother Osman as Vice-President of the NDH government, officially as of November 7, 1941, which position he held until the fall of the NDH. He emigrated to Syria upon his release, where he died of natural causes. During his life in Damascus, he wrote extensively on the need for unity between “Catholic and Muslim Croats”.
Hakija Hadzic DID emigrate to Syria, where he died (in Damascus) on January 1, 1953.
With the founding of the NDH in April 1941, he joins the Ustasa Party.
Alajbegovic, Mehmed – lawyer and politician (born in Bihac on May 7, 1906 – executed in Zagreb on June 7, 1947
After the formation of the NDH, he is appointed to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and on January 27, 1942 becomes the Consul General of the NDH in Munich. , May, 1944 he is named Minister of Foreign Affairs of the NDH, which position he retains until the destruction of the NDH.
Muftic, Ismet – Mufti of Zagreb (born in Zepce in 1876 – executed in Zagreb on June 30, 1945):
He was tried by a military court in Zagreb, and hanged in front of his mosque.
Nasir Bubic :
Nedim Salihbegovic: SS, may have fled to Argentina.
A Leading figure at the College of San Girolamo was the Croatian priest and Nazi war criminal Father Krunoslav Draganavic – described once by U.S. intelligence officials as Pavelic’s ”alter ego”. His arrival in Rome in 1943 was to coordinate Italian-Ustashe activities, and after the war, he was a central figure in the organising escape routes for Nazi’s to Argentina. It was later claimed that members of the CIA had said that he had been allowed to store the archives of the Croatian legation inside the Vatican, as well as valuables brought out of Yugoslavia by fleeing Ustashe in 1945. (Many Ustashe and other Croatians were killed by Communists at Bleiburg, 1945). Historical note: Bosnian Muslims also served with Ustashe. The territory of Ustashe was called N.D.H.
*Pavelic was the commander.
Jure Francetić ( (1912–1942) was an World War II Ustaše Commissioner of Bosnia and Herzegovina, responsible for the massacre of Bosnian Serbs and Jews.
*Memorial plaque to this Ustashe leader was raised in Slunj in June 2000, by Association of war veterans, “Hrvatski domobran”. In late 2004 the Croatian government ordered the removal of the memorial plaque. In January 2005 in the outskirts of Split, unknown persons raised overnight a memorial to Francetić and Mile Budak.
Ustashe’s unseen cruelty and savagery applied against Serbs and Jews even prompted the German command to demand that Francetić, as the commander of the 1st Brigade Black Legion, be dismissed. Pavelić defied and promoted Francetić to commander of all Ustashe field formations. ( Pavelic was not just Hitler’s ‘puppet’).
In the pre-war times about 15,000 Jews lived in Bosnia and Herzegovina. About 3,000 women and children of this number – were arrested and kept in Kruschnitze concentration camp (Bosnia). Later they will be deported to Jasenovac and Stara Gradiska concentration camps.
Additional 7,000 Bosnian Jews will be deported directly to Jasenovac concentration camp. At least 25,000 Jews died in Croat-Bosnia-Hercegovina (NDH). Approximately 12,000 Bosnian Jews, and 13,000 Jews from Croat territory. Hundreds of thousands of Serbs died in NDH, killed through fighting or thru Ustase atrocities.
Vjekoslav ”Maks” Luburić (April 21, 1911 – April 20, 1969) was a Croatian war criminal part of the Ustaše and the commander of the Jasenovac concentration camp. Assassinated in Spain. Most culpable.
Rafael Ranko Boban (born December 22, 1907, date of death unknown) was a member of the Croatian World War II Ustaše regime, and the commander of the “Black Legion”/Crna Legija. Presumed DEAD.
Boban was born in Sovići near Grude. He emigrated from Yugoslavia in 1932 and it was at this time that he met and joined Ante Pavelić. He returned to Croatia that same year and took part in the unsuccessful Velebit Rebellion.
After the death of Jure Francetić, Boban became the sole commander of the Black Legion. Closer to the war’s end he was a Domobran general as well. At the end of WWII, he retreated to Austria, emigrated to USA and was small unit tactics instructor in Korean war, where he lost his right arm. Some say he lost his life in Korea, but Ante Pavelić named him Commander of Armed Forces in exile in 1951.
Dinko Šakić (September 8, 1921 – July 20, 2008) was a convicted Croat war criminal, an army leader of the fascist Independent State of Croatia (NDH), and commander of the Jasenovac concentration camp during World War II. Captured , put on trial, died in Croatia.
Gabriel Božidar Kavran was a member of the Croatian World War II Ustaše regime
Kavran was born in Zagreb on September 22, 1913. d. 1948.He served as leader of the Ustaše from May 1943 onwards.He attempted to organize a rebellion against the Communist Yugoslav government in the post-war years. He led a group of exiled Croatian fighters into the country. They called this Operation April 10. However, he was eventually captured by the UDBA and executed in 1948.
Muhammad Hadžiefendić .executed Oct 1943
The verdict stated that the Hadžiefendić was “one of the main organizers of the SS formations of the German army,” which “served the occupier and worked against the interests of the people, mainly Muslims, whose sons (…) threw to war on behalf of the slaughterhouse occupiers, “and that” when the last attempt occupiers and Ustasha bands to fall into the liberated Tuzla (…) tried to undermine and worked against the interests of the People’s Liberation Army, creating panic and bringing unrest among the population “.
A few years ago, there have been initiatives to Major Hadžiefendić officially rehabilitated, and that by calling it a street in Tuzla, but it fell through because of media campaign launched by the ultranationalists.
Nikola Mandic, (Travnik, January 20, 1869 – Zagreb, June 7, 1945) was a Croatian politician.
September 2, 1943 when he was named president of the government of the Independent State of Croatia. He held this position until the state’s collapse in 1945.
Slavko Kvaternik (August 25, 1878 – June 7, 1947) was a Croatian military commander. He was noted for military service in World War I, later as a deputy leader and founding member of the Croatian Ustashe movement in the 1930s who then became one of the leaders of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II.
Dido Kvaternik instituted a regime of terror against Croatian Serbs, Jews, Gypsies and other “enemies of the State”, and is believed to bear direct and primary responsibility for the atrocities committed by the Ustasha against those groups. In 1943, after a falling out with Pavelic, the leader of the Independent State of Croatia, he and his father Slavko Kvaternik, who was the Croatian Minister of War, went into exile in Slovakia, and after the war fled to Argentina with the help of the Catholic Church. His mother was half-Jewish.
From Argentina, continued in his Kvaternik Subversive activities against Tito. He reorganized the Ustasha supporters and continued to publish actively, never expressing any regret for his past deeds. Canada’s multiple extradition requests were all turned down, and Kvaternik was never tried.
Eugene “Dido” Kvaternik and his two daughters died in a car crash in Argentina in 1957.
Ibrahim Pirić-Pjanić (Soko near Gracanica 1896th – Munich 1977), Ustasha Colonel, Commander of the XXV. Ustasha Battalion and a member of the Croatian emigration.
Hadžiefendić legion, including a battalion Domdo Gracanica. Part of manpower has gone or is drafted into the Waffen-SS, a significant part defected to the partisans, while the rest hid in scattered groups throughout northeast Bosnia. The people are the group called “green staff.”
Bleiburg, where the majority of its members captured and later executed by the Yugoslav communist forces.
Ibrahim Pjanić managed to avoid capture and death, probably to the American occupation zone in Italy.Ibrahim Pjanić was declared a war criminal.
A number of oral testimonies indicate that Pjanić as logornik taken all measures to stop the persecution, arrests and terror, založivši to protect the few remaining Serbs and Jews in Gracanica. When a German raid, he personally hid a Jewish doctor Dr. Jolanda Rauhnic, having escaped in this way from certain death. In several cases, intervened in the arrest of suspected Communists, založivši for their release, and also in April 1945. prevent the Ustasha Plehan to make reprisals in a Serbian village, while it remained in this area.
Pjanic is to this day remains a favorite figure in the collective consciousness of the Bosniak people of Gracanica and the environment and kind of folk hero. It has contributed not only his courage and charisma that he had as a soldier and a commander, but his expressed religiosity.Successfully avoiding entrapment in Bleiburg, Ibrahim Pjanić some time spent in an Allied prison camp in Italy, where he went to Syria. There he worked closely with Dr. Jafar-beg Kulenovic, prof. Hakija Hadzic and other Muslim Croats. He was elected president of the Association of Croats in Syria. At that time identified as a member of the Croatian Liberation Movement. Later, however, opted for the organization of Croatian national Vjekoslav Luburic, who lived in Madrid. Once, in early 1960-ies, from Syria, he moved to Munich, Pjanic has established close cooperation with Luburic. He was elected to his deputy in the Croatian National odporu, after Luburić death for president of the organization. dead, 1977.
Dr. Andrew Artuković (29 November 1899-16 January 1988) was a Croatian Ustasha and a convicted war criminal for the crimes committed against minorities in the WWII Independent State of Croatia (NDH). He earned the nickname “the Himmler of the Balkans.” Died in Yugoslav Prison.
Mile Budak (1889 – 1945) was an Ustasha, best known as one of the chief ideologists of the Croatian nationalist Ustasha movement, Which ruled the Independent State of Croatia, or NDH, from 1941-45 and waged a genocidal campaign against its Serb, Roma and Jewish minorities. He created the Croatian national plan to get rid of Orthodox Serbs by killing one third, expelling one third and assimilating the rest.
Documented speech at Gospic on 22 July 1941 he declared: “The movement of the Ustashi is based on religion. For the minorities we have three million bullets. We shall kill one part of the Serbs, expell the second part, and the covert to Catholicism third part of them .“Stella Alexander attributes this exposition of Ustasha policy to Budak  and notes that he spoke in similar terms on several other occasions.
He later became Croatian ambassador to Nazi Germany (November 1941 – April 1943) and foreign minister (May 1943 – May 1945)  . When the Independent State of Croatia collapsed, Mile Budak was captured by English military authorities and handed to Josip Broz Tito’s Partisans – on May 18, 1945. Court-martialed (before the military court of the 2nd Yugoslav army) in Zagreb on June 6, 1945, sentenced to death the same day and next day executed.
Osman Kulenovic (born-December 15, 1889, Rajnović Bosnia, died-June 7, 1947, Zagreb) was a Croatian Muslim politician.served as vice-president of the Independent State government for a short period of time (April 1941 – November 1941). Then he was replaced by his brother, Jafar-Bey Kulenovic. However, he kept worked with the NDH regime in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs til May 1943 when he retired.
He surrendered to the British in May 1945 and was given to the Yugoslavian government. He was sentenced to death and executed in Zagreb on June 7, 1947, at the age of 57.
Dr. Jafar Kulenović Bey (1891 – 1956) was the Vice President of the Independent State of Croatia during World War II. He also became President of Yugoslav Moslem Organization, the largest Bosniak political party at the time, following the death of Dr. Mehmed Spaho 1939.nly in a few months before his death, the Croatian Liberation Movement was formed, with Dr. Kulenović being one of the founders and Signatories. His son Nahid Kulenović continued working with this Movement, but was assassinated by the secret police Yugoslavia, UDBA in Munich.
Tomislav Sertić (Udbina, 21 December 1902nd – Belgrade, 27 September 1945.), The first commander of the Ustasha army. Is considered a hero by some.
Vokić and Lorkovic (1945) attempted a coup but failed.
Subject: Statement of General Tomislav Sertić
The undersigned hereby declare that the Archbishop of Zagreb, to personally know mr. General Tomislav Sertić as a very noble man, full of humanity, which has always denounced injustice to any party, committed against any citizen NDH He was always ready to stand up for convicts and prisoners. Therefore, his feelings and efforts was suspect some rulers, indeed threatened him with death and some parties. It is clear that he loved his people. But I know also that the main culprits in Croatia, the Italians and the Germans believed that its policy of trying to alienate the more izkoristiti our world and our country. He believes that we should keep the positions and thus prevent the alien fails to fully achieve their intentions. In Zagreb, 22 June 1945. “Tomislav Vitez Sertić.
list of some Nazis executed after the war by Yugos:
Meissner, August (Meyssner)
Fuchs, Dr Wilhelm
Edwin Rosener, exec. at Nuremberg
General der Pioniere Walter Kuntze, d 1960
Wilhelm List, d. 1971
Luigi Efisio Marras, 1981
Known war criminals.
Soldiers from the division killed 22 Jews in Tuzia in the summer of 1944.
38 Handzar soldiers were put on trial in Yugoslavia 20-30 August 1947 for war crimes though only seven of them were charged with specific offenses. All were found guilty, seven were executed and the rest sentenced to prison terms ranging from five years to life in prisorn. In the end they were released early and last prisoners were released in 1952, one of them died in prison.
More on Yugoslavia:
Following the allied bombardment of the camp in March and April 1945. year in which they destroyed many buildings within the camp, Vjekoslav Maks Luburic, commander of the Ustasha Defense was ordered to kill all prisoners, a town of Jasenovac concentration camp, and fell to the ground and burn them to hide all traces of the crime. The last group of women was liquidated on the eve of 21st April and on 22 April of last male prisoners decided to attempt to breakout from the camp. Of these, 600 breakthrough 107 prisoners survived. The same day, just a few hours later, and began punching detainees in Tannery. Of these, 176 would save them only 11.
In a deserted place near Jasenovac and it destroyed the camp, 2 or 3 May 1945. year, first entered shooting first bands 4th Battalion Serbian brigade XXI. People’s Liberation Army, the Yugoslav prime division. Battalion, which entered the Jasenovac day job is to preserve traces of the crime until the arrival of the State Commission for Investigation of the Crimes occupiers. The first investigation of the status quo in detention Jasenovac III Brickyard, in Gradina and Ustica, conducted by the County Commission for the Investigation of Crimes occupiers and their supporters from Nova Gradiska, 11 May 1945. year. Investigative Committee of the National Commission for the Investigation of the Crimes Croatian arrived in Jasenovac 18th May 1945. Information about the layout, organization of work, daily life and last days of the camp, the Commission gave the surviving inmates and participants in the breakthrough. A month later, 18 June, when the river Sava retreated into its bed, Croatian State Commission conducted a third investigation.
The no. of victims has never been officially verified, and the separate lists of victims of war, 1946., 1950. and 1964. were not fully published. (Admittedly, detainee Milko Riffer, author of City of the dead, came to Jasenovac end of 1942. )
The camp commander Ljubo Miloš (d 1948)was arrested and detained on the road to the Sava. He was released only through the intervention of Max Luburic. Then many of the inmates released homes, and even some Communists.
*Interesting that here Croatian Wikipedia tries to mitigate the Holocaust at Jasenovac.
Viktor Gutić (Banja Luka, 23rd December 1,901th – Sarajevo, 1946?), Croatian politician. Article illegal Ustasha movement 1930-ies and the official time for NDH.
Doctor of Law. He had a law office in Banja Luka. After creating Kingdom of SHS member of the Regional Secretary and the local leadership HPSS in Banja Luka. He is the founder of a local branch Croatian nationalist organization (HANA), militant organizations active in street battles with Organization of Yugoslav nationals (ORJUNA).
Became a supporter Ante Pavelic, Which represents an illegal and violent struggle for the establishment of an independent Croatian state. He was arrested and sentenced to prison, he provides the Sremska Mitrovica. After being released from prison 1938th founded the first organization in the Ustasha Vrbas Banovina.
After the declaration NDH Ustasha Commissioner for the former Banovina. Since March 1942nd a prefect large parish Pokuplje based in Karlovac. He stood out in persecution of Serbs, As well as the negativity and warned Germans (general Luthers). In March 1943rd promoted to the rank of Colonel.
After the collapse of NDH pulls in Austria and in Italy, where Venice identified, arrested and taken to the camp Grottaglie (in captivity, among others, and with the Slovenian General *Leon Rupnik (d 1946) and Chetnik Duke Dobroslav Jevdjevic. Early 1946 extradited to the Yugoslav authorities in Sarajevo sentenced to death.
Herbert von troll Obergfel, Nazi
Franz Bohme, d. 1947 responsible for Holocaust of the Jews:
16 September 1941 – 2 December 1941: At the same time, Commanding General and Commander of Serbia.
names of Croatian leaders:
Niksic, ante; d. 1945
Franjo Kralik : d?
Gregorij Rožman, Bishop of Lubljana, d. 1959
Ivan Saric, d. 1960, Archbishop of Sarajevo
Ljubo Miloš (Bosanski Samac 1919. – Zagreb 1948.) Ustasha Major, one of the commanders in the camp Jasenovac
The Supreme Court in Zagreb sentenced him to death.
source: http://hr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ustace1ki_koncentracijski_logori Yugoslavia, continue
“The genocide in Croatia is the first example of systematic murder and on a large scale during the Second World War
stato indipendente de croazia, italian wiki
A couple more names:
Desiderius Hempel, d. 1981
Executed June 71.Mile Budak
1.Ademaga Mešić (Subsequently died in Stara Gradiška in 1945)
Twenty years imprisonment
more on the nazis:
1969 and 1977 Czechoslovakia of Germany demanded prosecution of Hauck, what but not further pursued by the Stuttgart public prosecutor. in 2005, the Czech police had collected evidence for Haucks massacre Leskovice participation and opened criminal proceedings before the Court to make it . A trial was however not into being. Hauck lived until his death in Germany.
Yugoslavia: After the war, the fate of Mirko Puk is not clear. Some sources say that he has remained in Croatia, others point to an exile in Spain or France. He should have in 1945 probably by suicide or killed.
The barbarity created such a commotion, even among the Nazis, that they set up a Committee to exhume the bodies and took photographs as evidence. The oral process was incorporated in an official Nazi document, “Ustachenwerk bet Bjelovar.”
death camp in Croatia…
Gornja Rijeka concentration camp was a fascist concentration camp of the Croatian Ustaše in Krizevci in the recently formed independent State of Croatia. It was designed as a special camp for children up to 16 years and was made possible only by the invasion of German and Italian troops in Yugoslavia in 1941.
On November 25, 1941, the Ustasa – issued Croatian leader – Ante Pavelic, the law order No. CDXXIX-2101-Z-1941, which was signed by the Minister of Justice and religion Mirko Puk. he allowed the violent introduction of unpopular people to concentration camps. A few months earlier was begun with the construction of the central warehouse. On July 12, 1942, three camps for children were completed in the complex of the Jasenovac concentration camp. It was the camp of KZ Sisak, the camp of KZ Jastrebarsko and Gornja Rijeka as the smallest of the three camps.The upper power over all bearings of the Jasenovac complex and thus also above Gornja Rijeka was , a member of the Ustaše, *Max Vjekoslav Luburić. The power of the prison-system was awarded by Pavelic to Luburic.
Mainly Serbian children were housed in the camp. The official purpose of the detention was the re-education of the children, which usually a turn of the Serbian Orthodox Christians to the Roman Catholic faith was meant. In fact, the camp served the assassination of the Serbian population. To achieve this, the children of her parents were separated and interned in children’s concentration camp. The supply of food was poor and often the children received no food for days. Then rotten food was distributed to the hungry children.
Flight was not possible due to the fences with barbed wire. Arbitrary punishments were normal diseases such as bacillary dysentery, usual and belonged to the main cause of death. But not only for this reason, the mortality rate was high. Murders of children remained without consequences for the warehouse personnel. The 400 Serb children accommodated in the camp died more than half within the existing period of the camp of about six months. In May 1942, the camp of Gornja Rijeka dissolved and converted to for home for refugees.
Kröger,Erhard (Gerhard) Dr Erhard Kroeger (* 24. März 1905 in Riga; † 28. September 1987 in Tübingen) (1941). Baltic German. Born in Line (?), Russia on 24 March 1905. Studied law at the Universities of Tübingen and Königsberg. Became a lawyer. Entered the SS in October 1938. Active in the Nazi youth movement in Latvia, repatriated to the Reich in 1939. Joined the NSDAP on 1 August 1940. Became a SD-official.
From June to November 1941 commanded Einsatzkommando 6 of Einsatzgruppe C. Was decorated with the Iron Cross while commander of the Einsatzkommando. SS-Oberführer. Head of Sonderkommando Ost which was set up by the SD. In 1943 was enlisted in Division SS “Hohenstaufen”. Also Head of the Russian desk in Leitstelle Ost under Arlt from July 1944. In charge of one of the worst Einsatzkommandos in Italy.
After the war succeeded in avoiding justice. Demanded extradited by Italy in 1963. Tried in 1969 and sentenceed to 3 years of prison.When the war ended, Kroeger appeared under: he lived until 1962 under a false name in the Federal Republic of Germany, the Switzerland, and Bologna. After the Wuppertal District Court had issued an arrest warrant against Kroger suspicion, to have been involved in during the war in massacres on January 10, 1962, he was arrested on December 31, 1965 in Steinmaur Sünikon in Zurich. The land of North Rhine-Westphalia was then an official extradition request. Kroeger argued that the killings had been politically motivated and therefore under the Swiss law would make no delivery worthy event. The Swiss Federal Court rejected this objection, however, agreed to his extradition. After the extradition to Germany and the exhibition of a second arrest warrant on February 22, 1966 Kroeger was held from May 17, 1966 until October 5, 1967 in custody. On July 31, 1969, Kroeger was sentenced by the District Court of Tübingen to three years and four months in prison. Object of the process was the mass killing of Jews in the West Ukraine between June 1941 and February 1942.
As a result of this operation many mass graves were obliterated, making it impossible after the war to ascertain the exact extent of the Nazi crimes, especially in the Soviet Union and Poland.
Gustav Adolf Nosske (* 29. Dezember 1902 in Halle; † um 1990)
Nosske delivered 8,000 Jews to the Rumanians who massacred them. Discharged and assigned as Head of the SS-Central Office in Düsseldorf in 1944. Nosske personally had the remaining Jews of Düsseldorf assembled and shot in September 1944. The fact that he refused to exterminate half-jews, led to his dismissal but he was not degraded.
On April 10, 1948, he was sentenced at the Nuremberg trials of to life imprisonment. Nosske had led in the process, he would have protested in September 1944 against the orders of the higher SS and police leader (HSSPF) in Düsseldorf, to round up all the Jews and “Ostarbeiter” and to kill, and not run this command. The release from the Landsberg prison took place on December 15, 1951.
His fate is unknown. However, it is known that Nosske in the 1st Frankfurt Auschwitz as a witness was heard on March 26, 1965. His residence was Düsseldorf, was specified.
From December, 1941, to February, 1942, at Velika Kosutarica, at Jasenovac, over 40,000 Orthodox Serbs were massacred, while in the Jasenovac camp, in the summer of 1942, about 66,000 Orthodox Serbs, brought from the villages of the Bosnian Marches, were slaughtered, including 2,000 children.*[disputed numbers]
Tags: Holocaust in Yugoslavia