Church and Holocaust , part two. Chelmno.

NEW:
Nazis associated with “Gas vans”:

Ewald Wortmann, Hannes Wortmann called (* April 17 1911 in Marne , † September 15 1985 in Osnabrück ), was in the era of National Socialism in the context of the Nazi “euthanasia” program as a physician at the patient selection and in the NS Sunstone-killing center in Pirna active.

Walter Schaedig (* 3. October 1904 in Berlin; †?) SS-Sturmbannführer, director/conductor of the Referates V D was 1 (keeping in track and person identification) in the group of office V D (Kriminaltechni Institut of the state police – KTI) of the Central Reich Security Office (RSHA ) and representative of the office group leader in the third realm

Klaus Endruweit (* December 6 1913 in Tilsit , † September 3 1994 in Hildesheim ) was in the Nazi German Reich during the Nazi ” euthanasia “program as a physician in the Nazi killing center at Sunstone in Pirna active.

Kurt Walter Werner Borm (* August 25th 1909 in Berlin , † 2001 in Suderburg ) [1] [2] was the National Socialist German Reich SS Captain and as part of Operation T4 as a physician in the Nazi killing center at Sunstone in Pirna , as well as Employees in the central office-T4 in Berlin.

Associated with Kammler:
Jahrling
Archive/File: camps/auschwitz jahrling.may43
Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Jahrling

Jotam

NEW!!: German officer who tried to stop the Holocaust :

Gerhard Schmidhuber (9 April 1894 – 11 February 1945 in the battle of Budapest) was a German major general. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Born in Dresden in the Kingdom of Saxony, Schmidhuber was commanding officer of the Wehrmacht Heer’s 13th Panzer Division during World War II. When the Germans occupied Hungary in 1944, Schmidhuber was supreme commander of German army forces in that country. In that capacity, he had extensive dealings with the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg and prevented the liquidation of the Jewish ghetto in the face of the advancing Red Army. Schmidhuber was killed in action in the Battle of Budapest.

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http://hgs.oxfordjournals.org/content/22/1/115.extract

The Politics of the Nazi Past in Germany and Austria, David Art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 232 pp., cloth $69.00, pbk. $24.99, Adobe e-book $20.00

During the first ten years of Konrad Adenauer’s chancellorship in West Germany, the integration of former Nazis assumed priority, while interpretations of the Third Reich placed the blame for Nazism on a small clique of leaders and exonerated the German population as victims of both Nazi terror and Allied bombing. In 1961, however, the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem and the Auschwitz trials in Frankfurt exposed the West German public to the inner workings of genocide and the role of seemingly ordinary Germans in it.

Christian Gerlach, Study on “Belarus.”

Pius XII, the Holocaust, and the Cold War, Michael Phayer (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008), xvi + 333 pp., $29.95.
Building upon his important study The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930–1965, Michael Phayer has produced a significant work, Pius XII, the Holocaust, and the Cold War, which illuminates the choices that the Vatican made under Pius XII during the Second World War and the years immediately following. At the outset, Phayer informs his readers that he has no intention of entering into the debate over the worthiness of the case for Pius XII’s sainthood. Similarly, he dismisses the work of apologists whose sole goal is to portray Pius XII in the most positive light possible. Instead, Phayer examines Pius XII in his role as a politician and leader of the Vatican state. He bases his findings on a wide variety of primary sources located in the US National Archives, including recently released papers of various US government agencies; the papers of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, housed in the Archives of the Catholic University of America; and the records of both the pontificate of Pius XI (1922–1939) and the German Reichssicherheitshauptamt, microfilmed copies of which are located in the Archives of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Despite his use of such diverse sources, Phayer believes that recent books such as Gerhard Besier’s The Holy See and Hitler’s Germany and Peter Godman’s Hitler and the Vatican (which utilized Vatican documents from Pius XI’s pontificate) reveal that historians have a lot more to learn from the materials the Vatican has yet to release. Although more about this period will be discovered when the Vatican opens its archives.
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MAJOR JONES: Listen to what the leader of the SS, Himmler, says about the unity of his own organization, this armed SS. This is when he was addressing the officers of the SS Leibstandarte of Adolf Hitler:

“This Waffen-SS will live only if our entire SS lives, if the entire corps is actually an order which lives according to its inherent laws and realizes that one part cannot exist without the other. One cannot imagine you without the Allgemeine SS; and the latter cannot be imagined without you. The Police is not to be imagined without the SS, nor can we be imagined without the executive of the State, which is in our hands.”

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?t=51461
source for “SS

That is an extract from Document 1918-PS.
http://www.archives.gov/resear­ch/holocaust/finding-aid/milit­ary/rg-242.html

http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/genoc­ide/SS3.htm
“We were the first really to solve the problem of blood by action, and in this connection, by problem of blood, we of course do not mean anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism is exactly the same as delousing. Getting rid of lice is not a question of ideology. It is a matter of cleanliness. In just the same way, antisemitism, for us, has not been a question of ideology, ‘but a matter of cleanliness, which now will soon have been dealt with. We shall soon be deloused. We have only 20,000 lice left, and then the matter is finished within the whole of Germany. But for us the question of blood was a reminder of our own worth, a reminder of what is actually the basis holding this German people together. ”

Speech by Heinrich Himmler to a gathering of German generals at Sonthofen on May 24, 1944
So far , I have only seen a snippet of the speech.
====
Posener Weden, wiki deutsche, google trans
German to English translation
Posen speech

Heinrich Himmler. Recording made in 1942
Die Posen speeches were two secret speeches at the Heinrich Himmler as Reich Leader SS 4th and 6 October 1943 in the town hall of the then German-occupied Polish town of Poznan held. Their records are the first known documents from the era of National Socialism, which imposed a senior member of government at the time held mass killings of Jews from selected open to the public. They show that has willed the Holocaust, the Nazi regime, planned and implemented.

Recording made in 1943Im same period, the extermination of the Jews for the Nazi regime was the main war aim. [5] In the spring was the special unit was commissioned in 1005 to exhume the bodies of the Einsatzgruppen massacres of the entire Eastern Front, and to burn the tracks the genocide of 1.8 million so far to eradicate Jews. Himmler ordered on 11 June, the “liquidation” of all Polish, 21 June, all Soviet Jewish ghetto. On 25 June, completed four new crematoria at Auschwitz-Birkenau. On 1 July, provided all the Jews in the German Empire under police law. On 24 August, Himmler was appointed minister of the interior, so that he stood by all police forces in the Reich and the occupied territories. By 19 October should the “Aktion Reinhardt” end and three of the extermination camps set up to be resolved.

But the extermination of the Jews met with resistance. In Treblinka (August 2) and Sobibor (October 14) there was prisoner riots, Jewish residents of Bialystok opposed the dissolution of their ghettos (August 16 to 23), the Danes helped the most to help Danish Jews to escape ( 1 and 2 October). Domestically, religious leaders condemned the killing of innocent life (Catholic pastoral letter, 19 August) because of age, disease and racial reasons (Confessing Church, October 16) [6].

Speech of 4 October 1943
Audio and written records
Himmler worked most of his speeches not before, but held it tight using handwritten notes. Since late 1942, its oral presentations were not shorthand, but recorded on wax records. These recordings tapped lieutenant *Alfred Werner Venn and corrected from doing some obvious grammatical errors or missing words added. Himmler corrected this rough hand again, the so-authorized text was on a typewriter with large type and then copied again placed [7].

Of Himmler’s three-hour speech on 4 October 1943 is the final version of 115 typewritten pages (one sheet was lost) in the SS files found and presented as a document 1919-PS at the Nuremberg trial of major war criminals were. [8] On 23 The trial was quoted a passage from it which did not apply the Holocaust [9] Even the sound recording of this speech is preserved, so that the differences between spoken and redactions can be verified. You are sinnverfälschend minor and in no case [10].

Recipients, occasion and purpose

The Poznań City Hall. Recording made in 1910
Himmler thought that the Posen speech is not, as erroneously often assumed in Poznan castle, but in the Poznań City Hall. [11] The local SS group leaders meeting (management level of the SS) were 33 top group leader, 51 group leaders and eight brigade leader of the SS in the kingdom there. Many of them came from the occupied areas of Eastern Europe. [12] Further included parts of speech, therefore, the precarious situation on the Eastern Front. The War and Resistance success of the “Slavs” as alleged underlings needed a statement to the SS officers on the upcoming harsh winter battles in the third tune of the Russian campaign.

Only about two minutes of the speech dealt with the murder of Jews. It was Himmler, the experiences of his audience with mass executions, death camps and ghetto resolutions or advance their knowledge of it. The speech should itself justify crimes committed and the listeners to their “higher purpose” amongst team members. This speech text is not even present some fifty senior SS officers was sent for information to what they had to confirm [13].

To the war
After a funeral ceremony is Himmler’s view of war history dar. The tenacious Russian resistance was due to the political commissioners, one a Russian attack had previously been limited, due to failure of the allies had been given away the victory 1942nd Himmler speculated about the potential of the Russian army, speaks disparagingly of the “Vlasov-hype” is spreading about the inferiority of the “Slavic race” and connects to consider how a German minority would prevail there.

To treat the peoples of Eastern Europe
In his sketch of the history of war in the East, Himmler also takes to the millions of mass death of Soviet POWs and forced laborers position. As in prewar speeches and statements in accordance with Hitler in Mein Kampf he says that the eradication of the Slavic “subhumans” is a historical and natural necessity. Here ‘mind in the wrong place “is: [14]

“Apply a principle must be absolute for the SS man: honest, decent, loyal and comradely we have to be members of our own blood and to nobody else. How are the Russians, what happens to the Czechs, I’m totally indifferent. That which exists in the peoples of good blood of our type, we will pick ourselves by them, if necessary kidnapping their children and raising them with us. Whether nations live in prosperity or starve to death interests me only insofar as we need them as slaves for our Kultur, otherwise no interest to me. Whether you fall over in the construction of a tank ditch 10,000 Russian women from exhaustion or not, I am interested only in so far as the tank ditch for Germany is finished. ”

“Extermination of the Jewish people”
Then he talks about the genocide of the Jews in a non-veiled language that had not been heard by a representative of the Nazi regime until then: [15]

“I mean the evacuation of the Jews, the extermination of the Jewish people. One of the things that is easily said. -. Is the Jewish people exterminated, “every Party member, says, ‘perfectly clear, in our program, elimination of the Jews, extermination, we’ […] Of all who talk like this, no one has seen it, no one has it endured. Most of you will know what it means when 100 bodies lie together, when 500 or lie there are 1000. have gone through this, and – apart from exceptions caused by human weakness – to have remained decent, has made us hard. This is a never written and never to be written page of glory in our history. […] We had the moral right, we had to kill the duty to our nation, this people that wanted to kill us. ”

Himmler then praised the “attitude” of the SS and spreads to 30 of 116 pages about the alleged “virtues” as well as about their task in 20 to 30 years to represent the elite of Europe.

Speech of 6 October 1943
Records, discovery, publication
From the second Himmler’s Posen speech are both brief speech notes and the complete, according to a shorthand typewriter and exported into details corrected text of the speech and its final version, authorized by Himmler. All three versions were in the records of the “personal staff Reich SS”, the documents, the U.S. authorities in 1945 seized full.

In the U.S. on microfilm recorded speeches were delivered to the Federal Archives. In evaluating this now accessible documents discovered by the historian Erich Goldhagen 1970 in Koblenz this previously unknown speech. [16] It was reprinted in 1974 in the edited by Bradley Smith and Agnes Peterson selection of Himmler’s secret speech the first time completely [17].

Reason, purpose, relevance
End of September 1943 the party had all the Reich Chancellery and Gauleiter, the Reich Youth Leader Axmann Arthur and the Reich Minister Albert Speer Alfred Rosenberg invited to a conference. The conference began on 6 October at 9:00 clock with papers Speers, its officers and four great industrialists to produce weapons. This was followed by presentations by Karl Doenitz and Erhard Milch, Himmler thought of before 17:30 bis 19:00 clock his speech. [18] it is shorter than the first Posen speech, but a slightly longer and clear passage contains about the genocide. [ 19 you] is usually mentioned in connection with Albert Speer.

About the “Jewish Question”
Then head Himmler “in this most intimate circles” on the “Jewish question”, which he calls “the hardest question of my life”: [20]

“I ask you what I tell you in this circle, and never really listen to just talk about it. We were faced with the question: What is it with women and children? – I have decided to also find here a clear solution. I did not consider myself justified to exterminate the men, that is, so to kill or be killed – and the avengers in the shape of the children of our sons and grandsons to. It had the difficult decision to be taken to make this people disappear from the earth. For the organization that had to do the job, it was the worst we’ve ever had. […] ”

“I thought I was obligated to […] to you as the highest dignitaries of the party, this political order, this policy instrument of the leader, also talk about this issue once and openly to say how it was. The Jewish question in the occupied countries we will be finished by the end of this year. There are only remnants of individual Jews remain, which are hatched. ”

Remarks of Albert Speer
Himmler has the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (April 19 to May 16, 1943) and the heavy fighting out there. He leads an ironic this passage: [21]

“The whole ghetto was so fur coats, clothing and the like. If you wanted hinlangen there earlier, it said: Stop! They disrupt the war effort! Stop! Armaments factory! – Of course this has to do with party members Speer nothing, nothing you can do so. It is the part of alleged armaments factories, the Party member of the spear and I want to clean together in the coming weeks. ”

Removal of women and children after the defeat of the insurgency. Recording of May 1943Albert Speer, since 1942, minister for armament and ammunition, was since 2 September of 1943 as minister for armaments and war economy for the entire German war production in charge. Jewish forced laborers employed there had been until 1943 except for the part of the deportations to extermination. Speer claimed after 1945, always leave the conference before the speech, Himmler and knew nothing about the Holocaust to have. Himmler’s direct address – “You can not even do” – Historians, however, values as evidence of his presence [22].

“If we see this, then we will never leave the faith, we will never be unfaithful, we will never be a coward, never be a bad mood, but we will do our best to be worthy to have lived under Adolf Hitler and to fight at may. ”

Other speeches
Statements about the “total solution to the Jewish question” in five other Himmler’s secret speech to confirm his Posen designs. On 16 December 1943 he said in Weimar before commanders of the Navy [24]

“[…] So I have basically given the order to be put to death the women and children of these partisans and commissars. I was a weakling and a crime against our posterity, when I grow up these hateful sons of us in the struggle of man against man completed under sub-human could be. ”

A handwritten note by Himmler’s speech on 26 January 1944 poses in front of the generals fighting troops is: [25]

“In G.G. [General] since most calming solution d. Jewish question. – Racial struggle. Total solution. Avenger can not buy f. our children. ”

On 5 May 1944 Himmler declared in Sonthofen to the Generals, a perseverance in the bombing campaign was only possible because previously had been “eliminated” the Jews in Germany. Then he paraphrased Hitler’s statement of 30 January 1939 before the Greater German Reichstag. If you mean once again incited the people of Europe into a war against each other, is not that the extermination of the German people, but the extermination of the Jews [26]

He continued: [27]

“The Jewish question is solved in Germany and in general in the territories occupied by Germany. […] You can understand me, how difficult the fulfillment of this military order was given to me, I have followed and carried out in obedience and wholeheartedly. If you say, ‘For men, we see that, but not for children’, then I must remind you of what I said in my first intervention. […] We are m. E. and German at all so far from our very heartfelt affections do not have permission to leave the hateful avenger be large so that then have to face our children and our grandchildren with those, because we, the fathers and grandfathers, too weak and cowardly, the leaving them. ”

The sound of another Sonthofener speech to [Army] Generals on 24 May 1944 can hear applause at the following passage: [28]

“Another question that was relevant to the internal security of the Reich and Europe, the Jewish question. It was after orders and rational knowledge uncompromisingly solved [applause]. […] I have not considered the right – this relates to the Jewish women and children – in the children the great avenger will allow […] I would have thought a coward. Consequently, the issue was resolved without compromise. At present, however – it is strange in this war – we first 100,000, later 100,000 male Jews from Hungary in concentration camps, that we are building underground factories. Of those not coming a somehow in the field of view of the German people. ”

On 21 June 1944 Himmler says in the ideological-political training of the generals [29] in Sonthofen: [30]

“It was the most formidable task, and the terrible job that could get an organization: the mandate to solve the Jewish question. I must not, in this district again say in all honesty a few sentences. It is good that we had the toughness to exterminate the Jews in our area. ”

Reception
Historical context
The Nazi regime was the Holocaust to the outside strictly secret, but it was only by organizing the participation of all relevant officials of state and party and carry out (see note of Holocaust witnesses). The Posen speech looking back on the already completed mass killings and show how these and the other extermination actions were justified ideologically. The “extermination” of the “enemy within”, the “Jewish race” had become a military target, “successes” in this field should also compensate for defeats in the course of the war.

Saul Friedlander points Himmler’s self-image as strictly obedient executor of Hitler’s plans for the Germanic Lebensraum in the East “show: [31]

“The kingdom shall ensure the destruction of the Jews regularly as a heavy responsibility towards that had given him the ‘leader’ and therefore not up for debate was,. This task demanded of him and his men ceaseless dedication and a steadfast spirit of self-sacrifice”

This corresponded to Himmler’s efforts to require the listeners of his Posen speech to persevere and continue the whole “extermination of the Jews” and so moral as future elite building. This is often as a perversion of very positive values such as “decency,” “honor” and “loyalty” – analyzed – in this case based on the holding out the mass murder. Konrad Kwiet see Himmler’s speeches as examples of a new “ethics” and conscious education for mass murder, which shields the perpetrators of the war beyond the suffering of their victims and becoming conscious of their crimes: [32]

“It is this monstrous combination of murder and morality, and decency of crime that hits the core of the perpetrator mentality. As part of such a kind Nazi ethics, a completely new concept was created by decency and made the commitment. Hannah Arendt coined the phrase of the “banality of evil ‘, other authors emphasize the normality of the crime’. Almost all offenders were characterized in fact by the ability, after committing the murder to return to the routine of everyday life and to live a ‘normal’ life. With surprise, confusion and anger responded most, as they were determined during the Nazi law enforcement and recalls the past. In court, ignorance and innocence were stressed. The murderers were – with exceptions – been spared from the traumatic experiences they have left to the surviving victims.

Hans Buchheim, according to the perpetrators had been talking very much a sense of wrongdoing. Himmler’s revaluation of soldierly virtues was not a total negation of moral standards, but its suspension for the exceptional situation of the “extermination of the Jews,” which was issued as a historical necessity. Why did Himmler murder of Jews, without command, but approved of the “correct” ideological motives, while he just kind of murder of sadism or self-interest could prosecute. [33]

The historian Dieter Pohl points out: [34]

“In the traditional institutions of the Nazi state, however, began in 1943 secretly to search for a defense strategy for the postwar period. It had not been informed and is to blame only the SS ”

The relentless depiction of the genocide in Himmler’s secret speech is therefore interpreted as a means to high SS and Nazi party officials formally make it into accomplices and instigators of their implementation. [35] This intention can also be a diary entry by Joseph Goebbels on 2 recognize March 1943: [36]

“As always in the crises of the party, it is the duty of the closest friends of the leader, in such times of need for him to rally […] Especially in the Jewish question we are set so that it gives us no more escape . And that’s a good thing. A movement and a people who have left the bridges behind him fight, according to experience more unconditional than those who do not have a chance to withdraw […] ”

On 9 October 1943 commented Goebbels Himmler’s second speech in which he was present [37]

“As to the Jewish question, he is also a very frank and unvarnished picture. He believes that we can solve the Jewish problem by the end of this year. He advocates the toughest and most radical solution, namely, is Judaism with their children and eradicate. Surely this is a brutal though, yet logical solution. For we must already assume the responsibility for ensuring that this issue is resolved in our time altogether. Later generations will surely not dare with the courage and the dog on this issue, as we can now do. ”

But other Himmler’s secret speech was recorded in the same way in audio and written, and are independent of each other clearly attributed to that speaker. Confirm every detail of the first speech doubted. With the discovery of the second Posen speech at the Federal Archives in Koblenz falsifying hypotheses were finally collapses. The contained “most open and most striking passage about the extermination of the Jews” can be no room for reinterpretation, so that the deniers’ claims have no historical worth discussing receive. The history of science, it therefore rejects as baseless, deliberate deception without factual basis. [40]
source:
wikipedia.de, Himmler Speeches Posen, see also
Speech in German and translated.
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?p=1528403

On 16 Dezember 1943 : [24] December 1943 he said in Weimar before commanders of the Navy (Doenitz).

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I’m sorry for the poor Google translation, but I can’t read German and correct any errors. The only correction I made was to include that these were Wehrmacht [Army] Generals. Thus the Wehrmacht Upper Echelon did know of and approved of the Holocaust.
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http://www.npr.org/templates/s­tory/story.php?storyId=1331105­32
Holocaust graves
As Sweden’s envoy in Budapest from July 1944, Raoul Wallenberg prevented the deportation of 20,000 Jews destined for Nazi concentration camps or death factories. He also dissuaded German officers occupying the Hungarian capital from a plan to obliterate the city’s Jewish ghetto, averting a massacre of its 70,000 residents.

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?f=6&t=21973&start­=45

Wallenberg was sent to Budapest to save Jews, not to negotiate a separate peace with Himmler.

http://www.amazon.com/Remember­-Us-collection-Hungarian-Holoc­aust/dp/1438929056

**Max Huber, head of Int’l Red Cross during 1944. It is alleged that he had Fascist sympathies and worked on their behalf! (born December 28, 1874 in Zurich, † January 1, 1960) was a Swiss lawyer, politician and diplomat and represented Switzerland at a series of international conferences and institutions. In addition, he worked among others as a member and President of the Permanent International Court at The Hague. From 1928 to 1944 he was president of the International Committee of the Red Cross.

http://www.nizkor.org/hweb/org­s/international/red-cross/pres­s/reuters-icrc-960830.html

http://www.icrc.org/eng/resour­ces/documents/misc/6ayg86.htm
Jean-Claude Favez ( The Red Cross and the Holocaust , Cambridge University Press, 1999).

What did the ICRC know? We hardly know how the ICRC obtained its information. Still, there is no doubt that senior ICRC officials had become aware of the genocide by the summer of 1942.
**Carl Burckhardt, a distinguished member of the Committee, confirmed the existence of an order issued by Hitler intended to make the Reich
” Judenfrei ” or ” free of Jews ” , in the terminology of Hitler’s Germany. Burckhardt added that since there was no place where they could be resettled, this could only mean one thing.

http://www.thaindian.com/newsp­ortal/world-news/german-red-cr­oss-uncovers-its-pro-nazi-past­_10064086.html

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Walter Huppenkothen (* 31. Dezember 1907 in Haan im Rheinland; † 1979 in Lübeck) war ein deutscher Jurist, SS-Standartenführer im Reichssicherheitshauptamt und NS-Verbrecher. Associated with Eichmann.

Nazis associated with “gas wagons” or “sonder wagons” in the East.
http://www.deathcamps.org/occu­pation/chelmno.html
Those Poles comprising this special unit were Franciszek Piekarski, Henryk Mania, Kajetan Skrzypczynski, Lech Jaskolski, Stanislaw Polubinski, Henryk Maliczak, Stanislaw Szymanski and Marian Libelt. They worked in Chelmno [Kulmhof].

Hans Bothmann, his substitute SS-Untersturmführer Albert Plate, Polizei-Meister Willy Lenz, Polizei-Meister Alois Haeberle or Franciszek Piekarski, Otto Bradfisch.

It gives the names of some who were convicted in post-war courts.

R­ichard von Hegener d. 1981

R­isiera di San Sabba, Trieste, Italy . Ricery of San Sabba.
This is where Ivan Marchenko, of Treblinka, was last seen. He disappeared afterwards with conflicting evidence of what became of this Ukrainian POW gas chamber operator.

Franz Hofer (* November 27 1902 in Hofgastein , † February 18 1975)

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/R­eichskriminalpolizeiamt
August Dietrich Allers (* May 17th 1910 in Kiel , † March 22 1975 in Munich ) was a Nazi and a leader in the “euthanasia” program ( T4 involved).

Günther Knobloch (* 13. Mai 1910 in Breslau; † 1970 in Kronach
Heinrich Deubel (* 19. Februar 1890 in Ortenburg (Niederbayern); † 2. Oktober 1962

Forgotten names associated with Walter Rauff’s Unit II D 3a:
Helmut Hoffmann; Friedrich Pradel, 7 years imprisonment; Watler Hoess; Theodor Friedrich Liedling; Walter Schade (same as Schaedig, above?); Felix Wittlich;

Franz Reinhold Coburg, d. 1960; aka Franz Reinhold[1] Schwede (* 5. März 1888 in Drawöhnen im Kreis Memel, Ostpreußen; † 19. Oktober 1960 in Coburg. He arrived on 13 May 1945 in English captivity and was interned until 1947. After a first conviction by a German because of affiliation to the NAZI leader Corps to nine years in prison on 25 November 1948 in Bielefeld he was sentenced prison by a judgment dated 7 April 1951 in Coburg for 52-facher injury in conjunction with attempted coercion in Office during the terror in 1933 to the maximum penalty of ten years. The remaining sentence of probation was suspended on 24 January 1956, 1960 died.

Hans-Joachim Becker. death, unk.

As an interpreter of the American occupation forces, he left Germany, which was one of the Soviet occupation zone with these. From October 1945, Becker worked after his termination at the Provincial Association of Hesse as a merchant on the Americans and others in the Organization and as a Manager in the canteen area.
A Thuringia by January 1947 the criminal police arrest request was rejected by the Kassel Chief of police. The Kassel’s Chief State Prosecutor opened an own investigation. This was posted however on 19 May 1950 on the grounds, that a causal link between the action of Becker’s and the recent killings is not detectable.
Becker worked temporarily in economic and organizational consulting Hessian communes in Offenbach and then again at a US firm in 1952. in 1953, he tried in vain a reinstatement when the State Welfare Association of Hesse, the successor to his previous employer war. Applications at the Regional Council in Kassel, 1958-59 were unsuccessful. Becker worked at the US occupying forces in Bad Kreuznach, back when he was taken on 7th June 1966 in custody. Released on 27 October 1966, he was again imprisoned on 15 April 1970,

I can’t seem to find much info on when they died.

More: Max Drexler; Walter Kehrer; Johannes Schlupper;  Heinz Richter; Adolf Ruebe;  Johann Hassler; Heinz Schlechte.

Franz SchallingSS Scharfuhrer  , Germany, born in BerlinEmployee Ordnungspolizei  in Litzmannstadt, later a member of the crew of German death camp in Chelmno on  the Ner ( Kulmhof  ). ”. One of those hidden camera recorded by Claude  Lanzmann in ” Shoah  “. Opisał proces  mordowania ofiar przy pomocy spalin samochodowych. He described the  process of killing the victims with car exhaust. In 1978, Claude  Lanzmann found him and talked to the meeting. Schalling then  lived in one of the districts of West Berlin. wiki.pl
Franz Grassler

When some claim there were no “death camps” [Vernichtungslageren] in Germany proper [1938 borders], they’re playing games with words. The page on Gas chambers in German wikipedia shows that at least 40,000 people were killed in hospital-or nursing-home gas chambers. Additionally at least 30 gas vans were used on Soviet POWs at Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg, north of Berlin. They also killed nursing home patients and disabled people with phenol injections and other methods.

source: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/G­­askammer_(Massenmord)
No one ever seems to talk much about the nazi “gas wagons.” According to a document obtained : December 1941 to June 5 1942 there were 3 such Kulmhof [Chelmno] gas cars in which
97, 000 Jews were killed . [14] They also used them to kill Poles. They were used in Riga as well. The unit that transformed cars into death wagons was called “Unit II D 32.” Walter Rauff was in charge. He died in Chile, 1984.

” special treatment was “equivalent to liquidate. I have no explanation of this term in New Sandez need to give my subordinates as well. It was common knowledge […]. ” Emil Mazuw clarified for his judge the meaning of the term, “Sonderbehandlung.” After the German invasion of Poland was Mazuw proposal to Himmler for the “liquidation” of medical and nursing institutions in representative Pomerania.

Kuno Popp d. 1973 , died in London. Had been a Nazi propagandist.
Alfred Seidler, d. 1976 /Johannes Künzel, unk. death date. Worked in Reich office of public
Emil Mazuw d. 1987 . Euthanasia. Nazi Governor Pomerania, authorized the deaths of tens of thousands of the sick, elderly and infirm. West Germany let him go free after 1953. He died in 1987.

Franz Schwede-Coburg d 1960
This nazi was particularly vicious. Schwede-Coburg arranged in his capacity as Gauleiter and Reich Defence Commissioner for Pomerania – independent, self-employed and, before the Action T4 – the evacuation of the medical and nursing institutions in Treptow, Ueckermünde, Lauenburg, Meseritz-Obrawalde and Stralsund in the fall of 1939 and had the larger number of patients by the SS command Eiman West Prussia shot  or  with gas vans murdered. [7]

Wilhelm von Opel, was an ardent nazi. *d 1948.
“Im Gegensatz zu anderen deutschen Automobilunternehmen lehnte Opel die Beschäftigung von KZ-Häftlingen ab, griff jedoch auf Zwangsarbeiter zurück.”
It says they refused to use kz labor. T or F?

Michel Kedia
http://www.archives.gov/iwg/declassified-records/rg-263-cia-records/rg-263-report.html

====

Friedrich Rabeneck (born April 15, 1905; died 1977) was a German merchant and SS leader. Rabeneck from November 1939 military service in the Waffen-SS. In July 1941 he was transferred administration and business to the main office, where he became head of Department in the Ministry W III. After establishment of the SS economic and administrative main office (SS-WVHA) in February 1942 Rabeneck succeeded Karl Möckel as head of the Office W III – food establishments in August 1942. In this capacity, Rabeneck remained there until war’s end.[1]Rabeneck had to take responsibility after the war for his work in the SS-WVHA to court.
Hans-Joachim Becker. death, unk. Imprisoned 1970.
*Adolf Gustav Kaufmann,
Rudolf Kaufmann
Reinhold Kaufmann
Adolf Kaufmann
20 Dezember 1902 in Przemysl heute in Polen;†20 August_1974
1939 Kaufmann was drafted to the Navy, was on leave but about as of January 1940: Kaufmann moved to the central services-T4, the organization that was responsible for carrying out the National Socialist “euthanasia” program, so the murder of sick and disabled people (in the post-war Sprachgebrauch “Action T4”). There he took over the Inspection Department, which had to make the establishment and review of various institutions of the gasification and to handle the negotiations with authorities and party services as Director. The offsetting of the cost of accommodation with the corresponding costs or pension providers was separated from spring of 1941 in the central clearing agency under its new leader **Hans-Joachim Becker. At times, Kaufmann was also leader of the House “Schober stone”, a T4 Erholungsheimes in Weißenbach am Attersee.
Also, his two brothers **Rudolf and Reinhold were employed in Hitler’s Chancellery or involved in the action T4.On 31 January 1942, Kaufmann returned after the end of the first phase of the “euthanasia” program as Gau Office leader of the NSDAP regional to Pomerania. In October 1942, he served as Deputy District Manager of the Nazi party in the General District of taurica/Crimea at the Imperial Commissioner Ukraine. A year later he had to return due to the war’s progress to the regional to Pomerania. Kaufmann was transported to the area Director of the Nazi party in July 1944 acting district leader in the District of České Budějovice.
After the war, Kaufmann worked as a controller at BMW and as a representative for laboratory facilities. Only on 21 July 1965 he was arrested. The process against him, as well as against August Dietrich Allers, the former Managing Director of central services-T4 and Reinhold Vorberg, the head of “charitable patient transport GmbH” began on 25 April 1967. Two months later, on 29 June 1967, the 18th day of the hearing, the case against businessman for health reasons was discontinued for the time being, after he had suffered a heart attack on 25 June 1967. Two opinions of the 9 July 1968 and 8 September 1969 told him finally final for incapable of negotiating.  Kaufmann died 20 August 1974 in Freising.
Kurt Eimann (born July 28, 1899 in Görlitz) was a German member of the SS with the rank of SS – Obersturmbannführer, convicted in 1968 for community murder as a war criminal.

His superior, SS-Brigadeführer Johannes Schaefer, a special unit of the security service of the SS called “SS guard military Eimann” founded on 3 July 1939.

Immediately after the beginning of the Polish campaign, a civilian detention camp in Stutthof was established. It was guarded by the “guard military Eimann”, which was subordinate to the higher SS and police leader Richard Hildebrandt in November 1939. While still the organizational preparations for the euthanasia killings were in Germany, members of “SS guard military Eimann” from the end of September to December 1939 shot about 2,000 patients of Polish hospital Kocborowo (Conrad stone). More 1,400 disabled persons were transported to Neustadt in Westpreußen from Pomeranian nursing homes and shot in a forest area of Piasnitz. A Polish commando which consisted of prisoners of the Camp Stutthof and had to bury the dead, was then also being killed. Kurt Eimann it actively participated in the murder in which he shot the first victim personally – as he later said – “a role model to  his men”.

After 1945 Eimann worked at Hanover as a trader in the Misburg. On December 20, 1968 he was by the District Court Hannover sentenced to four years in prison for community for the murder of at least 1,200 people and released from prison.(Presumed dead).

Johannes Schäfer [Schaefer] (born December 14, 1903 in Leipzig; died 28 April 1993 in Bielefeld [1]) was a German politician (NSDAP), SS leaders, mentioned above.
Hermann Pook (* 1. Mai 1901 in Berlin; † 1983[1
After Pook was sentenced economic and administrative main Office of the SS during the Nuremberg trials in the process on 3 November 1947 by an American military tribunal to ten years imprisonment. He was pardoned and released from the prison Landsberg on 1 February 1951.
Pook subsequently practised as a private dentist in Hemmingstedt. In the “1st Frankfurt Auschwitz trial criminal case against Yamada and others” he was read as a witness interrogated, his statement was on 19 November 1964.
In May 1968, a § 50 was inserted in the criminal code, it meant that already advanced investigation against 730 “desk offender” of Reich main Security Office (RSHA) due to statute of limitations were set. In the context of the punishment of Nazi crimes, no German court has regards therefore a member of the Office Group D in the SS-WVHA tried for his actions.[5]

One Response to “Church and Holocaust , part two. Chelmno.”

  1. flotrol Says:

    flotrol…

    […]Church and Holocaust , part two. Chelmno. « Paolosilv's Blog[…]…

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