The German Army Ok’ d Hitler’s ascension to power on condition that he get rid of the SA - the street brawlers with whom he had once associated himself, including Roehm.
more Nazis come tumbling out of Germany’s skeleton closet:
Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (* 3. Juli 1875 in Barmen (heute zu Wuppertal); † 2. Juli 1951 in Berlin) Dr’s role during the War is controversial, yet clearly he accepted high positions within the Medical service. [Waffen SS]
Ernst Torgler (* 25. April 1893 in Berlin; † 19. Januar 1963 )
Communist who later turned Nazi. After the war he tried to turn coat again, but the Communists wouldn’t accept him. Worked with higher ups in the Nazi party
Friedrich Bergold [Berghold] (* 1899 in Nürnberg; † 1983) a lawyer, gave evidence in the trials. Said to have been the last man to see Bormann alive. Sketchy bio given on Wiki de. If he was fleeing the Chancellory with Bormann during the Battle of Berlin, he couldn’t have been as innocent as they made him to be.
Susanne Klaten, heiress to the Quandt fortune
As a result [of the film about the family’s use of slave labor ] four family members announced, on behalf of the entire Quandt family, their intention to fund a research project in which a historian will examine the family’s activities during Adolf Hitler’s dictatorship.
Max Wunsche (died during the 90’s)
Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke (15 March 1911 — 6 August 2001 )
Theodor Peter Johann Wisch (13 December 1907 — 11 January 1995) was a German Waffen-SS general and a commander of 1. SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler (“LSSAH”) . The Leibstandarte was Hitler’s bodyguard and their fighting troops answered to him, NOT to Himmler. As far as I know they did not guard the camps; but they committed war crimes just the same.
Rudolf Diels (d. 1957)
I was surprised to discover that he really wasn’tpunished at all. Had been head of Prussian St Police; an ally of Goering not Himmler.
Ernst-Günther Schenck (3 October 1904 — 21 December 1998) , another Nazi dr. but who did some redeeming acts at the end of the war. [ernst-guenther schenck]
Dr. Walter Gross (written Groß in German) (21 October 1904 — 25 April 1945) was head of the Race Dept of Physicians. Burned thousands of documents. Suicide.
Hermann Prieß [Priess](May 24, 1901 — February 2, 1985) was the commander of 3rd SS Division Totenkopf
Ernst Albrecht von Siemens (9 April 1903 in Kingston upon Thames – 31 December 1990 in Starnberg), the son of Carl Friedrich von Siemens, was a German industrialist and one of the successors of his family’s company.
He studied physics at Technical University of Munich. He joined Siemens in 1929, beginning his career at the Werner Plant for Telecommunications in Berlin. After being a deputy member of the Managing Board of Siemens & Halske for five years, he became a full member in 1948 [hence was a deputy member from 1943-5, when they empoyed slave labor at Auschwitz-Birkenau.]
I saw one article in which it stated that Bosnian Muslims were involved in the Warsaw Ghetto aktion, but that was wrong. The troops were Caucasian Muslims in SS uniform. The Nazis listed them as “Ukrainians.” However, there were indeed Latvian Auxiliary Police troops used in this battle as well.
Ivan Demjanjuk trial, update. Spain is interested in prosecuting him for his term as a guard in Flossenburg prison camp.
The gall of a leader of Lithuania saying such a thing:
Wiesenthal Center, article in Chicago Trib:
* The historian: “The [Nuremberg Trial] was the biggest legal farce in history … the legend about 6 million supposedly murdered Jews acquired a legal basis, even though the court did not have a single document signed by A. Hitler concerning the extermination of Jews.” Historian Petras Stankeras, who worked for Lithuania’s Interior Ministry, wrote those words in a column for a popular Lithuanian newsmagazine. The article sparked enough outrage that he resigned from his position. But the idea that the Holocaust is still being denied by some European officials is terrifying. ”
has a list of Concentration camp Drs.
more escaped or unpunished Nazis:
Arpad Wigand (born January 13, 1906 in Mannheim – July 26, 1983 in Mannheim); Auschwitz. Higher up in the SS.
Kurt Blanke (* 1900; † 1997) Was a German Jurist. (DP, CDU). Von 1964 bis 1973 war er Oberbürgermeister der niedersächsischen Stadt Celle.
Dr Erich Gruen, escaped, Majdanek
Lieutenant General Hilmar Moser, d 1968, claimed at least 100,000 died at Majdanek.
Dr Richard Wendler, (1972) married to a member of the Himmler family.
Died Prien Bavaria. Was involved in crimes at Majdanek, mentioned in “Arc.” Never prosecuted.
Guido Reimer (* July 31 1901 in Ronsperg ; † unknown)
Arthur Hermann Florstedt (* 18. Februar 1895 in Bitsch, Lothringen; † unknown
Harry Stein indicates, however, that Arthur Hermann Florstedt [Majdanek Commandant] in April 1945, escaped from prison in Weimar . Karin Orth. points to a report by Florstedt sister in law, after which Florstedt have stayed after the war for a short time with her in the hall and was then went underground.
The Thuringian Daily reported on 24 April 1962, Florstedt work at the Judicial Police in Mainz.. Investigations of the Mainz police were fruitless.  Attorney Kimmel of the Central Office of the State Justice Administrations for the Investigation of Nazi Crimes Florstedt death looked at a memorandum of 6 October 1975 was not proven in .
Erhard Wetzel, one of the worst missing nazis.
Olzscha, Reiner, Nazi who fled
Albert Blume, German born member of the Nazi Party in Brazil since 1938, died in 1983 leaving in a Brazilian bank vault an estate worth $4 million of watches, rings, gold bars and gold teeth.
Friedrich Schwend, d. 1980. Another Nazi associated with ratlines.
1946 when *Baron Hans Helmut von Hummel, aide to Martin Bormann, was found with seven million dollars worth of gold coins in a suitcase.
Here are some more names I haven’t had luck with (may be repeated on the Nazi pages):
Kurt Krause (Riga); Karl Winkler (Reichschancellory Manager); Franz Spogler; Ricardo Von Leute, bank director
Artur [Fritz] Wilke (b. 1910, so may be dead)
Belgian Robert de Foy, accused by a Brit of collaboration, d. 1960.
There is “no word about those who committed the crimes”, Hans-Rüdiger Minow, a spokesman for the Train of Commemoration, told The Jerusalem Post. He said 200,000 train employees were involved in the deportations and “10,000 to 20,000 were responsible for mass murders”, but were never prosecuted.
Update on accused Holocaust perpetrator in Hungary
a real nazi hunter. RIP.
OSI deported hundred plus Nazis.
corrected: Late during the war, Himmler tried to ‘exchange Jews’ or barter them for ransom. The Allies rebuffed his efforts. He also tried to make a separate peace with the Western allies, again, he was rebuffed. They played the tape of him admitting the Holocaust to the *[Army] Generals at the Adolf Hitler Schule. The Generals broke out into applause.
“In the end, only a handful of not wholly Jewish medical scholars or Jews married to “Aryan” German women were allowed to stay in the Reich”, p 142
from: Michael H Kater, Doctors under Hitler. About Jewish Drs and how they survived, or didn’t.
book by Greene, Joshua, Justice at Dachau
I don’t think that too many of the SS Generals were later prosecuted, since they openly spoke to the BBC on the video. Himmler went against Hitler’s order to ‘leave no prisoner alive to be captured’ when he let the British take Bergen-Belsen, thinking they would approve of his surrender efforts. He couldn’t have been more wrong. Thousands were dying at the camp from disease,hunger, typhus. This was in Apl 1945.
A few days later, the world public was informed of the atrocities. The investigators found more than a million garments, about 45,000 pairs of shoes and seven tons of human hair that were left behind by the concentration camp guards [Majdanek].
This article also includes a letter from the Camp director of the SS, about ‘bullet holes’ and ‘blood’ on the clothing of the prisoners.
The President of the Republic of Latvia, Vaira Vike-Freiberga, who had been a child during World War II, spoke at a 60 year anniversary memorial service about the destruction of the bodies: “We could smell the smoke coming from Rumbula, where corpses were being dug up and burnt to erase the evidence.”
This video claims that 30,000 nazi war criminals escaped.
photo of Polish Home army liberating a concentration camp.
Soviets liberated Majdanek, in July 1944; yet they liberated Auschwitz in late January 1945. The distance between the two camps was not that great. The Soviets patiently waited for The Nazis to crush the Polish home army before they crossed the river and liberated the rest of Poland. By then it was too late, and most of the remaining prisoners in Auschwitz were deported west, if they survived the winter march.
More than 15,000 died during the death marches from Auschwitz.
Soon after the show at Theresienstadt, all the children – except Raphael and one girl – were sent to the gas chambers at Auschwitz. “Of the 15,000 children in our camp,” Sommer told the Times, “Raphael was one of only 130 to survive.
When the Birkenau camp was abandoned on January 18, 1945, the camp Commandant allowed the prisoners to take the warmest clothing they could find from the warehouse. This was how Cernyak-Spatz and 500 other prisoners survived the 50-kilometer death march out of the camp to the German border. source:
In Auschwitz I, five Jewish women deployed at the Vistula-Union-Metal Works detachment — Ala Gertner, Regina Safirsztajn (aka Safir), Ester Wajcblum, Roza Robota, and one unidentified woman, possibly Fejga Segal — had supplied the gunpowder that members of the Jewish Sonderkommando (Special Detachment) at Auschwitz-Birkenau used to blow up a gas chamber and kill several SS men during the uprising in October 1944.
Regarding “Death Marches”, from Auschwitz, : Wiki.de, “it is believed that a planned extermination action was prevented by the rapid advance of the Red Army.”
The SS command sent orders on January 17, 1945 calling for the execution of all prisoners remaining in the camp, but in the chaos of the Nazi retreat the order was never carried out.
For almost half a century, an unfinished Nazi propaganda film of the Warsaw Ghetto, simply titled “Das Ghetto” and discovered by East German archivists after the war, was used by scholars
Heinz Auerswald (July 26, 1908 — December 5, 1970) was a German lawyer and member of the SS in Nazi Germany, which he joined in 1933. He was (“commissioner for the Jewish residential district”) in Warsaw from April 1941 to November 1942.
He was investigated by the West German government in the 1960s, but was not tried.
NEW: George McGovern, US Fighter Pilot, on whether or not we could have bombed Auschwitz.
According to McGovern, the Franklin Roosevelt administration made a “strategic mistake” when it chose not to order bombing raids on the camp’s gas chambers. “There is no question we should have attempted” to “go after Auschwitz. There was a pretty good chance we could have blasted those rail lines off the face of the earth, which would have interrupted the flow of people to those death chambers, and we had a pretty good chance of knocking out those gas ovens,” he said.
After the Allies gained control of the Foggia Air Base in Italy in December 1943, Auschwitz was within striking distance of Allied planes for the first time.
Reporting on the liberation of Majdanek [my comment in brackets]
1,500,000 of 22 Nationalities Killed; Germans Blame “Orders From Above”
By Daniel De Luce
Associated Press Staff Writer
LUBLIN, Poland, August 30 – Four German prisoners of war stood with a bored air in front of a Russian-Polish atrocities commission here and told there stories of Majdanek, perhaps the greatest horror in Nazi Europe.
In curt phrases they said that men, women and children of 22 nationalities had been gassed, hanged, shot, burned, drugged or starved to death in the three years of the operation of the Majdanew barbed-wire-enclosed encampment in rolling meadowland at the edge of Lublin. Russians and Poles have estimated that it received more than 1,500,000 persons doomed to extermination
Majdanek is a ghastly fantasy. It was established for murder on a vast, methodical scale. Until a group of British and American correspondents visited it Sunday – with its six concrete vaults for execution by cyanide or carbon monoxide gas, its open air crematorium surrounded with skeletons, its mounds of human ashes mixed with manure for fertilizing cabbage patches and its overflow burial ground in a pine woods carpeted with decaying bodies – most of these newspapermen could not even imagine the proportions of its frightfulness.
That night, our clothes still reeking of the dead, we sat in a stuffy Lublin courtroom while three German SS (Elite Guards) officers and one German civilian renegade spoke indifferently of Majdanek’s scenes of slaughter and blamed it all on “order from above.”
N. A. Stalb, a blond, six-foot German butcher, arrested in 1939 for selling meat in the blakc market, told of his incarceration in Majdanek during which he once became a member of the barracks police detail.
“I have seen a tractor haul as many as 400 corpses at one time from the ‘bath and disinfection house’ to the ovens on the hill,” he said. “One day I saw the bodies of 157 Polish children who had been gassed.
“Another time I saw a group of Polish women marched up a hill to be shot to save the trouble of gassing them. They were ordered to disrobe. One refused, a girl about 28-29. Two men tied her hands and legs, put her on a steel stretcher and thrust her alive into the white hot oven.”
In the crematorium he said there were piles of stretchers scattered around the furnaces. Jagged pieces of bones littered the floor – apparently cut off when they stuck out the furnace doors.
Nearby was a pit containing 47 bodies, believed to be those of prisoners employed in the crematorium and killed by the Germans before they retreated.
Outside of the buildings, I looked around the camp. It seemed to be an ordinary prisoner camp, surrounded by doubled barbed wire fences, patrolled once by dogs and German guards. The only thing different about it was the big chimney rising from the middle of the camp.
Then I saw the warehouses, unfinished barracks, filled tot he rafters with carefully sorted articles of clothing – suits, dresses, shoes of little girls and women, gloves, trinkets, face cream, nailfiles, cigaret lighters and fountain pens.
An inventory dated March 21, 1943, was a detailed list of nearly 500,000 items carefully noted by the storehouse manager.
There were many requests from various German organizations asking for goods from the warehouse, with neat notations on the written requests saying, “Request complied with.”
Polish authorities have encased the square crematorium chimney with scaffolding. I was told they are placing a cross on it in memory of those who perished.
CLOTHING TO GERMANY
Herman Vogel, 43, an SS group leader from Mulheim, told of shipping 18 carloads of clothing in two months to Germany from the Majdanek warehouse he supervised.
“Yes, all the clothing, even babies’ garments, belonged to those executed,” he said.
SS Komandofuehrer Theodore Schoelen, 40, in charge of clothing collection at the shower room adjoining the gas chambers, admitted remembering November 3, 1943, when according to the camp records, 18,400 prisoners received “special treatment” which reduced the number of camp prisoners by that number
“It was an order from above, perhaps direct from Berlin,” he said. “The wireless played Strauss waltzes through the camp loudspeakers all that day and most of us were told to stay in barracks. I know nothing more about it. I always gave bread and cigarets away to prisoners.
SS-Obersturmfuehrer Anton Thernes, a frog-faced man who handled Majdanek’s finances, proudly referred to his age, 50, and his lieutenancy in the First Great War and then declared that the mass slaughter of November 3 netted little jewelry or other valuables.
“The camp physicians told me as many as 300 children were killed in a single day,” he said. “I couldn’t understand the systematic killing. I told my wife when I went home on furlough about and she said, “God will punish the German people for the crimes they do.'”
A Lublin pharmacist, Tadeus Budzin, camp prisoner who worked in the pharmacy, said the Germans often killed the sick prisoners by injections of a narcotic, evipan, which if administered slowly actually is beneficial, but if injected in a large dose kills within one minute.
“I watched one doctor kill 15 patients this way,” Budzin said, “and during the time I was at the camp I had to distribute 6,000 ampules of the drug.”
VICTIMS FROM ALL LANDS
The Russian-Polish commission said the following facts had been adduced from seized documents, from testimony of the German personnel and of surviving prisoners, such as the French Communist, Fisherman Corenten Ledu of Brittany:
Majdanek housed from 30,000 to 40,000 prisoners but the turnover in three years probably exceeded 600,000 [110,000 is now accepted as the number of people killed. Others were shipped to points west]
The gas chambers were sufficient to kill 2,000 in less than seven minutes. The crematory ovens handled 1,900 corpses in a 24 hour period.
The majority of the dead were Soviet war prisoners, Poles and Jews, but every country in Europe was represented, also China.
French Premier Blum Revealed Victim of Nazi Torture Camp
MOSCOW. Aug. 10 – (INS) – Existence in Poland of a Nazi ‘factory of death’ – A gigantic concentration camp where atrocities and executions were carried out in a manner paling into insignificance all previous horrors of this war – was disclosed today by two professional Russian journalists who revealed former Premier Leon Blum of France among its victims.
The camp was situated two miles from the Polish city of Lublin and occupied almost 20 square miles. Its victims were estimated in the hundreds of thousands.
Authorities for this revelation were Konstantin Simonov, a celebrated Russian poet and playwright whose play “The Russian People” was produced in the United States, and Aleg Knorring, a staff photographer for the Soviet army newspaper Red Star.
The Lublin camp, they said, was an exact replica of the notorious German torture plant at Dachau, but exceeded the latter in size many times. Men and women were hanged, shot, clubbed tod eath and posioned by noxious gases in death wagons and sometimes slowly starved to death.
Bodies were disposed of by primitive crematorium, with layers of wood interspaced between the corpses. Pictures of the remains were taken by Knorring soon after Lublin was freed and were published by Red Star.
One of the most poignant of all pictures was a huge pile of old shoes, stripped from the corpses and stored in a special dump to be sent to Germany and re-used as war material. In its picture layout, Red Star contrasted this avalanche of shoes with another pile consisting of the half-burned remains of bodies.
The Germans, according to Simonov, first called the Polish camp “Dachau” in “honor” of its predecessors, but later switched this to the frank and confessional “Vernichtungslager,” which means simply “extermination camp.”
Many documents remain to be studied and witnesses questioned, but evidence thus far shows that the victims included Poles, Jews of all nationalities, Frenchmen, Greeks, Dutch, Italians, Belgians, Serbs, Croatians, Hungarians and Spaniards of anti-Nazi sympathies.
Two civil engineers from Lublin pressed into service in construction of the camp’s sewage system told of Leon Blum’s fate. They told, according to Simonov, how they ran across the broken old man, long famed as a French liberal and litterateur as well as politician at a moment when no guards were around.
“Are you Leon Blum?” He was asked.
“Yes,” he replied
“How did you get here?”
“I was brought with the last group of Frenchmen taken out of Paris.”
“Why didn’t you try to save yourself while you were in France?”
“Perhaps I could have,” he answered, “but I wanted to share the fate of my people.”
One week later, the Polish engineers revealed, Blum died of overwork and hunger.
Another disclosure by Red Star was the fact that thousands of Poles and Slavs were brought in from another camp at Buchenwald in Germany where they had been pressed into service in the manufacture of flying bombs now being used against England.
They worked in underground laboratories for six months on end and never saw daylight. When their eyesight failed, Red Star’s account said, they were sent to the extermination camp.
NAZI ‘MURDER FACTORY’ NEAR LUBLIN DESCRIBED BY RUSSIAN
Editor’s Note: The only war correspondents permitted to accompany the Russian armies excetp fro occasional conducted tours of the front are Russian. One of these Russian correspondents has written the following special dispatch on the German crematory at Lublin
By ROMAN KARMEN
Soviet War Correspondent
LUBLIN, Poland, August 11.
(Delay.) (U.P) – In the course of all my travels into liberated territory I have never seen a more abominable sight than Maidan, near Lublin, Hitler’s notorious vernichtungslager – extermination camp – where more than half a million European men, women and children were massacred.
Baby Yar, the Kiev graveyard of some 100,000 civilians, was a country cemetery compared with Maidan. Even now, when SS guards no longer call to each other from the watch towers and there are no more barking dogs, I cannot believe my own eyes walking through Maidan, officially known as Dachau concentration camp No. 2. This was not a concentration camp: it was a gigantic murder plant
Save for 1000 living corpses the Red army found when it entered, no inmate escaped from here alive. Yet full trains daily brought thousands here from all parts of Europe to be coldly, brutally massacred.
In the center of the camp stands a huge stone building with a factory chimney – the world’s biggest crematorium. The Germans attempted to burn the crematorium, but most of it still stands – a bronze monument to the third reich.
Groups of 100 persons would be brought here to be burned almost alive. They already had been stripped and then chlorinated in special gas chambers adjoining. The gas chambers contained some 250 persons at one time. They were closely packed in a standing position so that after they suffocated from the chlorine they will remained standing.
Executioners then would enter, remove the suffocated victims, some of whom still stirred feebly, and placed the bodies in special carts. The carts were dumped into a roaring furnace heated to 1500 degrees centigrade.
The whole thing was organised with diabolical efficiency. The victims’ charred bones and ashes were moved into an adjoining department where an incredible process went on. These human bones were mechanically pulverized, placed inside large tin cans and shipped back to Germany for fertilizing the German fields.
It is difficult to believe it myself, but my eyes cannot deceive me. I see the human bones, lime barrels, chlorine pipes and furnace machinery. I see the enormous dumps of shoes, sandals and slippers in men’s, women’s and children’s sizes, bearing the trademarks of a dozen European countries. The walls of one room collapsed under the weight of these shoes which the Germans were salvaging for their own people.
The crematorium furnace was running day and night and its chimneys never ceased smoking. The capacity of its five compartments was 1400 daily. But that was too small for the Germans, who had begun to build an annex when the Red army arrived, breaking ground and piling up bricks for its construction.
The Russian army arrived in time to save the last set of victims earmarked for slaughter. I talked with many of these living corpses. That means I did most of the talking, because few of them could either speak or move.
The Calgary Herald – December 18 1943
NAZIS USE PRISONERS AS ‘GUINEA PIGS’ TO TEST POISON GASES
LONDON, Dec 18 (CP)
Aneta, Netherlands news agency, said Thursday that a young Netherlander who escaped from Germany last spring, had given to one of its correspondents an account of how the Germans had used civilian and war prisoners as human guinea pigs to test poison gases.
The agency quoted the young Netherlander as saying he was taken from Mauthausen concentration camp to a large building containing laboratories and gas chambers – concrete enclosures with windows of thick glass through which German chemists and physiologists observed the reactions during the experiments.
He and 27 other men were forced to undress and undergo three experiments, he was quoted as saying.
In the third test, lasting an hour, Aneta said, the men began to retch, became dizzy and almost unconscious and had to be carried out. Blood flowed from their mouths, ears and nostrils, Aneta said, and the Germans took X-ray photographs of their stomachs and lungs.
The young Netherlander was quoted as saying 40 Jews died after being exposed to similar tests
The Glasgow Herald – Dec 16 1943
PRISONERS AS “GUINEA PIGS” IN GAS TESTS
A young Dutchman has escaped from a German concentration camp to tell how he and other prisoners were herded into gas chambers and treated as ‘guinea pigs’ in a series of gas experiments
The man, who escaped from the Malthaueren [sic] camp in Austria last spring, reached a neutral country, and is now seriously ill in hospital.
Arrested in summer of 1942, he was sent to Mauthausen camp, near Malthaueren. He and 27 others were taken to a factory containing gas chambers with three concrete walls and a fourth wall of thick glass, through which chemists and physiologists wathced the “experiments.”
The prisoners were sent naked into one chamber three times. The first time they wore gas masks and stayed inside a quarter of an hour. “We did not experience any harmful results,” said the Dutchman.
“The second experiment came three weeks later. We again wore gas masks, and again experienced the glowing sensation, fllowed this time by an intensely cold feeling. This also lasted 15 minutes. Ten of the vicitms developed sores, and severe itching covering the entrie body. They were not exposed to the third experiment.
“Fourteen of us went in, this time without gas masks, for half an hour. Grilles in the floor which had been covered with iron plates previously were now uncovered. After a few minutes all the men vomited and became dizzy. When this test was completed laboratory assistants in anti-gas suits, rubber gloves, shoes and gas masks carried us outside, where blood began to spurt from the nostrils, mouth and ears.
“In the decontamination chamber a chlorine douche was administered, and X-ray photographs were taken of our lungs and stomachs. For four days the vomiting and dizzy tendency persisted while we were forced to resume heavy camp labour. Six days later we heard from the guards that 45 young Jews from Amsterdam exposed tot he same ordeal had died.