I’d like to thank you all for reading my work.
example of Resistance to Nazis:
Reinhold Karl Eduard Schulte (* January 4 1891 in Dusseldorf , † January 6 1966 in Zurich ) was a German industrialist. He was general manager of the largest zinc producer George of Giesche heirs and opponents of National Socialism . Opponent of Nazis, passed on messages about the Holocaust. How come he resisted and others didn’t?
Last days in the bunker:
Albert Bormann, also worked in the Reich Chancellory.
Martin Bormann may indeed have died in Berlin during the final days , since his body was found alongside that of Dr. Stumpfegger, although of course it could have been moved there. Amend any refs in my blog to him disappearing, which is speculative, and I think is inconclusive. In truth, no one can prove what was Bormann’s fate once he had left the bunker.
Dr Hugo Johannes Blaschke (14 November 1881 — 6 December 1959) was a German dental surgeon notable for being Adolf Hitler’s personal dentist from 1933 to April 1945 and for being the chief dentist on the staff of Heinrich Himmler with the rank of SS Brigadeführer.
More names associated with Adolf Hitler’s bunker.
Stumpfegger, Dr. One of Hitler’s Doctors, allegedly died alongside Martin Bormann acc to wiki de.
Hanna Reitsch, German female pilot, d. 1979. Certainly associated with Nazis, although she was not a member of the Party.
Johann Peter Baur , called Hans Baur , (* June 19 1897 in Ampfing ; † February 17th 1993 in Herrsching )
Adolf Hitler’s PILOT. Kempke, along with Hans Baur, claimed to have seen Bormann dead. Sounds suspicious, doesn’t it? Why take their word for it?
Erich Kempka [Kempke] (* 16. September 1910 in Oberhausen; † 24. Januar 1975 in Freiberg am Neckar) war SS-Mitglied und von 1932 bis 1945 Hitlers Fahrer.
Purportedly he helped burn Hitler’s body. Kempke or Kempka
Wilhelm Burgdorf, d. 1945, also was in bunker, along with Krebs (d. 45), and Rattenhuber (d. ?) Can we trust their accounts? No one actually saw Hitler die.
Walter Wagner (notary) , married Hitler to Eva Braun. d. 1945.
On 28 April, Hitler ordered Robert Ritter von Greim to leave Berlin and have Reitsch fly him to Plön so that he could arrest Heinrich Himmler for treason. That night, they only just managed to get away, taking off from the Tiergarten strip before the eyes of soldiers of the Soviet 3rd Shock Army – who initially feared they had just seen Hitler’s escape.
Both Von Greim and Reitsch were among the last to fly from AH’s bunker.
How is it that two of the worst Nazis managed to conveniently ‘disappear’ before the bitter end of the war? Reitsch flew to Plon, I believe, near the coast, from which they could have been evacuated by sea. We may never know the truth. Himmler disappeared, and surrendered himself and conveniently died before he could tell the British much. Hugh Trevor Roper’s acct is entirely based on ‘eyewitness’ reports. The Soviets claimed to find Hitler’s body, along with Eva’s, yet they took no photographs.
The skull they displayed was of a woman. The jawbone could have been faked.
Nicolaus von Below, d. 1983
Was in the Bunker at the finale
Walter Frentz, Leni Riefenstahl’s cameraman
Fritz Darges (8 February 1913 — 25 October 2009) was an Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) in the Waffen SS
SS-Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke (15 March 1911 — 6 August 2001)
Ernst-Günther Schenck (3 October 1904 — 21 December 1998) , another Nazi Dr. but who at least did some redeeming acts at the end of the war.
Dr. Walter Gross (written Groß in German) (21 October 1904 — 25 April 1945) was head of the Race Dept of Physicians. Burned thousands of documents. Suicide.
SS Otto Hellwig. sentence was apparently suspended on appeal, died a free man in Hannover on 20.08.1962.
Gerhart Panning,another Nazi Dr.
General Michał Vituška (Belarusian Міхал Вітушка; 5 November 1907 Nesvizh — 16 April 2006, Munich) was a Belarusian politician and Nazi collaborationist during World War II.
Hermann Priess (May 24, 1901 — February 2, 1985) was the commander of 3rd SS Division Totenkopf
*Ernst Albrecht von Siemens (9 April 1903 in Kingston upon Thames – 31 December 1990 in Starnberg), the son of Carl Friedrich von Siemens, was a German industrialist and one of the successors of his family’s company.
He studied physics at Technical University of Munich. He joined Siemens in 1929, beginning his career at the Werner Plant for Telecommunications in Berlin. After being a deputy member of the Managing Board of Siemens Halske for five years, he became a full member in 1948 [***hence was a deputy member from 1943-5, when they empoyed slave labor at Auschwitz-Birkenau.]
Instead of immediately seeking to bring to justice those responsible for the murders, the Lithuanian authorities introduced a wide-scale rehabilitation program under which tens of thousands of Lithuanians previously convicted by Soviet courts were granted pardons and awarded generous compensation.
Operation Blue, Hitler’s plan to take the Caucausus, but also to have Rommel’s tanks take much of the Mideast . The British/Commonwealth troops and the Red Army stopped it from being successful. It’s impt to mention, even though the plan failed, because it shows that Hitler’s War was also about obtaining Oil.
” The Brazilian fighter group on Thunderbolts was cited on one occasion as the most accurate US-commanded ground attack unit in theatre.
And you will look in vain in English language books for the activities of Brazilian vessels in the Battle of the Atlantic. By early 1945 they were conducting all convoy escorts south of Trinidad.
And then there are the twenty or more merchant ships and hundreds of crew lost and the tens of thousands of Brazilians who died tapping rubber in the Amazon in a desperate effort to make up for the loss of natural rubber plantations to the Japanese in the Far East. ”
a few more names:
Hellmuth Felmy (1885 – 1965) was a Nazi war criminal, German military officer during World War I, the interwar period, and World War II.
Walter Warlimont (* 3 October 1894 Osnabrück, Germany – † 9 October 1976 Kreuth near the Tegernsee
Britain: discovered Nazi film reveals SS man, who had denied all involvement, in building of slave labor road across Ukraine.
The Paladin Group (Madrid, organized by Skorzeny):
Gerhard Hartmut von Schubert, Spain
Franz Pfeiffer Richter
Prince Gutierrez de Spadafor
Hard to believe, but I stumbled on this page, and guess what! There are more long-lived nazis!
Jaroslaw Bilaniuk (October 15, 1923 – April 5, 2007) was a long-term naturalized United States citizen who was the subject of an intensive effort by the United States government for denaturalization and removal from the United States.
Siegfried Adolf Handloser (25 March, 1895 – 3 July, 1954) , the Medical Doctor with the highest degree of responsibility. Died of cancer.
Science Division of the Wehrmacht, Erich Schumann, d 1985 urged the Führer that “America must be attacked simultaneously with various human and animal epidemic pathogens, as well as plant pests.”
Vernichtungskrieg. Verbrechen der Wehrmacht 1941 bis 1944 (“War of Annihilation. Crimes of the Wehrmacht 1941 to 1944”). The traveling exhibition, seen by an estimated 1.2 million visitors over the last decade, asserted with the support of written documents and photographs, that the Wehrmacht was “involved in planning and implementing a war of annihilation against the Jews, prisoners of war and the civilian population”. Historians Hannes Heer and Gerd Hankel had prepared it.
Organised by the Hamburg Social Research Institute, the travelling exhibition began in 1994 and by 1999 had visited thirty-three cities in Germany and Austria, drawing a staggering 800,000 visitors. It wasn’t just the SS, the Wehrmacht exhibition showed. It was full of graphic photographs of ordinary German Army or Wehrmacht soldiers involved in war crimes and genocide in the East. Though this was nothing new to German historians, it hit the German public like a bombshell. Queues stretched for hours to see it. Impassioned arguments broke out at the venues displaying the exhibition, on television and even in the German parliament. Conservatives (and the extreme right) mobilised against what they saw as a slur on a whole generation of soldiers, ‘most of whom were merely fighting for their country’. There were demonstrations in Munich and Dresden. Elsewhere the exhibition was vandalised and in Saarbrücken in March 1999 right-wing extremists actually bombed it.
…represented by the Wehrmacht committed war crimes of their own, particularly on the Eastern Front in the war against the Soviet Union. The Nuremberg Trials at the end of World War II judged that the Wehrmacht was not an inherently criminal organization, but that it had committed crimes during the course of the war. More recently, the judgement of Nuremberg has come under question. The Israeli historian Omer Bartov, a leading expert on the Wehrmacht wrote in 2003 that the Wehrmacht was a willing instrument of genocide, and that it is simply untrue that the Wehrmacht was an apolitical, professional fighting force that had only a few “bad apples”. Bartov argues that far from being the “untarnished shield”, as successive German apologists stated after the war, the Wehrmacht was a criminal organization.
wikipedia: war crimes of the wehrmacht
Starting in February 1939, pamphlets were issued that were made required reading in the Army. The content can be gauged by the titles: “The Officer and Politics”, “Hitler’s World Historical Mission”, “The Army in the Third Reich”, “The Battle for German Living Space”, “Hands off Danzig!”, and “The Final Solution of the Jewish Question in the Third Reich”. In the last essay, the author, C.A. Holberg wrote:
The defensive battle against Jewry will continue, even if the last Jew has left Germany. Two big and important tasks remain: 1) the eradication of all Jewish influence, above all in the economy and in culture; 2) the battle against World Jewry, which tries to incite all people in the world against Germany.
Attitudes like the ones expressed above coloured all the instructions that came to Wehrmacht troops in the summer of 1939 as a way of preparing for the attack on Poland. “The German soldiers who committed crimes against humanity, the USSR and prisoners of war were to be exempted from criminal responsibility, even if they committed acts punishable according to German law.” A decree by the German Army [wehrmacht].
Germany had ratified the Geneva Convention and thus under international law was obliged to provide humane treatment for the POWs in its care.
Historian Szymon Datner wrote in his work about the fate of POWs taken by the Wehrmacht, that thousands of Soviet female nurses, doctors and field medics fell victim to rape when captured, and were often murdered afterwards. Ruth Seifert in War and Rape. Analytical Approaches wrote: “in the Eastern territories the Wehrmacht used to brand the bodies of captured partisan women – and other women as well – with the words “Whore for Hitler’s troops” and to use them accordingly.”
Even more extreme was the case in Serbia, [Yugoslavia] where the majority of the Jews there were murdered by the Wehrmacht, not the SS.The German historian Jürgen Förster, a leading expert on the subject of Wehrmacht war crimes, argued that the Wehrmacht played a key role in the Holocaust and it is wrong to ascribe the Shoah as solely the work of the SS while the Wehrmacht were a more or less passive and disapproving bystander.
In 1989, the British historian Richard J. Evans wrote that right from the beginning of the war against the Soviet Union, the Wehrmacht fought a genocidal war of “extreme brutality and barbarism.”
3, 300, 000 of the 5, 700, 000 Soviet POWs taken by the Germans died in captivity
Three German ‘historians ‘ tried to mitigate German military crimes: Andreas Hillgruber,
Ernst Nolte (discredited) and Michael Stuermer. All tried to make excuses for the Wehrmacht.
Today, March 11 , 1941, FDR ordered the US Navy to requisition all Axis ships on sight.