German legal profession, and nazis and reichsbahn and Rahn

NEW: more info and names added to :
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2010/12/20/yugoslavia-and-the-nazis-mufti-of-jerusalem-pt-1/

New:
Günther Knobloch (* 13. Mai 1910 in Breslau; † 1970 in Kronach).

Paul Zimmermann (* July 2, 1895 in Münster, Germany; d. 21 May 1980 –) was a German Nazi and SS leader who served in World War II as SS and police leader in the occupied Ukraine and Italy.After 1945 he was active in the industry. He was a member of the Naumann circle that wanted to undermine the FDP 1952. Mentioned on the Rahn part of this page.

Wilhelm Emrich (* November 29 1909 in low-Jeutz ; † August 7 1998 in Berlin ) was a German literary scholar and editor.
Emrich, the son of a railroad chief secretary, was a pupil of Theodor W. Adorno In the era of National Socialism , he was 1942-1944 for the Reich Propaganda Ministry as an editor of the German Library operates and the advertising and consulting office for the German literature. [1] Emrich was a member of the NSDAP , block and cell leaders, [1] and author anti-Semitic writings. [2] His role during the Nazi regime was only shortly before death by Emrich’s roman à clef The Urfreund his former fellow student and friend Kurt A. Mautz known to a wider audience. [3]

Reichsbahn:
Director General, Dr. Fritz Busch [post-war?]
Max Leibbrand a former chief of the Operations Department in the RVM.
Professor Friedrich Edmund Frohne (* 22. Juni 1891 in Leipzig; † 8. August 1971 in Frankfurt am Main) Reich Mini of transport

Paul Salitter (* December 15 1898 at Lakellen , county Oletsko / East Prussia; † January 8 1972 in Düsseldorf ) was a German police officer, whose report on a Jewish deportations from Düsseldorf from the ghetto in Riga a much-quoted Scripture testimony to the deportation of German Jews is .The Allied Military Government in mid-1945 initiated an investigation against Salitter. October 1945 on the orders of the military government dismissed from the police force. . Salitter applied again in 1947 for employment and protested that he had done since taking office in 1919 his duty.0] Until the 1960s, Salitter tried in vain to return to the police. He stylized himself a faithful servant of the state and stated that he knew nothing of the murder of deportees. As late as 1966 claimed Salitter one occasion, he had only learned investigation by Latvian police officers that en masse in Riga Jews were shot. ] Until then he had assumed that it would be in the deportations to be a pure “resettlement action”. [11]
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Deutsche Reichsbahn:
Julius Dorpmueller it says was replaced by Ganzenmueller, who would then be the most sr member of the Deutsche Reichsbahn involved in the Shoah. Julius died in 1945.

J Dorpmueller held his office as Reichsverkehrminister until the end of the war when the Allies asked him to rebuild the German rail system. However, he died on June 5, 1945 in Malente, Schleswig-Holstein. http://digitalassets.ushmm.org/photoarchives/detail.aspx?id=1133301&search=JULIUS&index=10

http://www.deathcamps.org/reinhard/ganzenmueller.html

In May 1942, Albert Ganzenmüller (born in 1905 in Passau, member of NSDAP and SA since 1931, dead **March 1996 in Munich) was appointed state secretary in the ministry of transport and chief of the German Reichsbahn. He was responsible for the employment of deportation trains. **
After the war Ganzenmüller Ganzenmueller] fled to Argentina but returned to Germany in 1955. First indictment in 1970, second one in 1973 in Düsseldorf. Because of a heart attack the proceedings were stopped.
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Book about the German railway in WW II. The book is entitled:

THE MOST VALUABLE ASSET OF THE REICH by Alfred C. Mierzejewski published by the University of North Carolina Press in 2000:ISBN 0-8078-2574-3 .It is in two volumes but the one of interest is Vol 2 since that covers the period of 1933-1945 or the Nazi era.
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General Organisation of the Railways;
GENERALBETRIEBSLEITUNG SÜD MUNCHEN Wilhelm Emrich
Reichsbahndirektion Augsburg Dr Hellmann
” Erfurt Maximilian Lammertz 1.9.35 – 1940
” ” Dr Rabes 1940 –
” Karlsruhe, Dr Roser
” Munchen, Herr Gümbel
” Nurnburg, Dr Geyer
” Linz, Herr Schiessel
” Regensburg, Dr Guggenberger
” Stuttgart, Herr Stroebe
” Villach, Heinrich Zechmann

GENERALBETRIEBSLEITUNG WEST ESSEN Adolf Sartor
Reichsbahndirektion Essen Maximlian Lammertz 1940 – 45
” Frankfurt/Main, Herr Steuernagel
” Hamburg/Altona, Dr Erich Goudefroy 1.9.35 – 45
” Hannover, Dr Walter Burger 1929 – 1945
” Kassel, Dr Leopold Muller
” Köln, Karl Remy 1.9.39 – 44
” ” Otto Bohrmann 44- 45
” Julius Metzger 45 – 45
” Mainz,  Erich Goudefroy 1.9.33 – 1.9.35
” ” Dr Schrag 1.9.35 – 45
” Munster, Dr Wilhelm Schell
” Saarbrucken, *Fritz Wilhelm Grimm 1935 – 1942
” ” Herr Frogarth 1942 – 1.10.42
” ” Friedrich Agartz 1.10.42 – 45
” Wuppertal, Herr Röbe

GENERALBETRIEBSLEITUNG OST BERLIN Ernst Emrich
Reichsbahndirektion Berlin
Emil Beck 1.11.39 – 45 (below)
” Breslau, Dr Witte
” Danzig, Dr Wolff
” Dresden, Dr Wilhelm Schmidt
” Halle. Dr Usebeck
” Hamburg Ost ??
” Konigsberg , Gustav Dilli 8.39 – 5.42
” ” Dr Baumann 5.42 – 1.10.42
” ” Fritz Wilhelm Grimm 1.10.1942 – 45 (repeat)
” Oppeln, Herr Pirath
” ” Hans Geithman
” Ostern Frankfurt/Oder, Herr Uttech
” Posen, Dr Holtz
” Schwerin, Felix Muller
” Stettin, Herr Wenzel
” Wien, Herr Töpfer
GENERALBETRIEBSABTEILUNG OST
Amt I Operations Albert Eggert, Philipp Mangold
Abt L Erich Bebenroth
Abt P, Wilhelm Frölich (Passenger Schedules)
Abt PN, Karl Jacobi (Cars)
Amt II Traffic, Alfred Simon
Amt III Car Allocation, Johannes Schultz
Prasident der Ostbahn-Direktion Warschau
Gunther Wiens 1943 -1945

The following awarded the Knights Cross of the War Service Cross
*means bio is found below
——

Bierschenck, ernst, d. 1956.

Friedrich Agatz 21.2.45
Karl Remy 7.12.42
Erich Goudefroy 7.12.43, d. 1960
Fritz Wilhelm Grimm 7.12.43 *, d. 1967
Emil Beck 11.7.44 *
Gustav Dilli 14.8.44
Josef Muller 12.9.44
Gunther Wiens 7.12.44
Maximilian Lammertz 7.12.44
Julius Metzger 20.2.45.
Wilhelm Schell 20.2.45
Heinrich Zechmann 20.2.45
Otto Bohrmann 21.2.45

Alfred von Vollard-Bockelberg, the former head of the Army Ordnance Office and Fritz Kranefuss, a confidant of Himmler, who organized the “Friends” was formed.
Day of the German railway worker, 12/07/1943

==
Thanks to Phil Nix of
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=45&t=39352&p=1121646
==================================
Otto Wilhelm Max Klein (b. May 29 1876 in Barmen , † May 1945 ) was State Secretary in the Ministry of Transport and SA group leader.

Gustav Koenigs (* December 21 1882 in Duesseldorf , † April 15 1945 in Potsdam ), actually Hermann Wilhelm August Gustav Koenigs, was a German jurist, . July 1944 as Minister of the Ministry of Transportation was provided.

In 1996 the Deutsche Bahn also commissioned its own internal research project to study the history of the railroad in Germany. Prof. Dr. Klaus Hildebrand examined the role of the Reichsbahn under the National Socialist regime and its participation in crimes against humanity. Surprisingly enough up until this time there had hardly been any studies that examined the history of the railroad in the context of political and social considerations. A book entitled “The Railroad in Germany. From the beginnings to today” (Die Eisenbahn in Deutschland. Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart) was published by C. H. Beck in 1999.

http://www.deutschebahn.com/site/bahn/en/sustainability/reichsbahn__thirdreich/reichsbahn__thirdreich.html
======
Ganzenmueller:
A letter sheds light on Ganzenmüller’s close relations to the highest SS departments:
On 28 July 1942 he wrote a letter to SS-Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff, member of the personal staff of Himmler. Subject: Deportation trains to Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka.

See the original Ganzenmüller letter in German and its official English translation from 1947!

Wolff sent a respond to Ganzenmüller on 13 August 1942, in which he mentioned that he was “exceptionally delighted” about Ganzenmüller’s information and the fact that “since 14 days a daily train” with Jews is going to Treblinka.

*Albert Ganzenmüller (born 25 February 1905 in Passau – died 20 March 1996 in Munich)
Ganzenmüller remained on remand for ten weeks but the investigations led only to a preferred charge. In 1973 a case was brought by the regional court at Düsseldorf. The charge was that by organising transport the 68-year-old Ganzenmüller had aided and abetted the murder of millions of Jewish men, women and children whose wrongful detention had resulted in death. The case was provisionally halted in 1973 because of his inability to follow the case and then terminated altogether in 1977.

‘Gedob’ (Generaldirektion der Ostbahnen)

Adolf Gerteis (* April 30 1886 in Freiburg im Breisgau , † January 27 1957 in Frankfurt am Main ) [1] was a German railway officials and 1940-1945 President of the Eastern Railway General (Gedob). In 1939 he became vice president in 1940 as president of the Eastern Railway General in Krakow appointed. In his role, he was instrumental in the murder of millions of European Jews involved with the Eastern Railroad in the extermination camps in the east of the General Government deported.

1948 to 1950 he was the general manager Gerteis upper management in West Bielefeld . 1950 he became Vice President of Deutsche Reichsbahn in the United Economic Area (head office) and then as Vice President of the German Federal Railways and permanent Deputy Director-General appointed the head office of the German Federal Railroad. He held this position until his retirement in 1952 held. On the occasion of his adoption, he was awarded the Great Cross of Merit awarded by the Federal Republic of Germany.

—–
Emil Beck (mentioned above) (* November 22 1887 in Saxony Weiler , † February 20 1982 ) was a German engineer and Baubeamter in government service at the Deutsche Reichsbahn , he served as president of the Reichsbahn in Berlin at the time of National Socialism . From 1933 he was Reichsbahnoberrat and then director of the Reichsbahn Stettin (1934), the Reichsbahn Augsburg (1936) and in turn the Reichsbahn in Berlin (July 1936). From November 1939 he led the Eastern Railway General of the General Government and has been in this position in February 1940 by Adolf Gerteis replaced. End of February 1940 he was president of the Reichsbahn in Berlin.

more names:
Remigius Hellenthal, Railroad track inspector
Frederick Pogge, Officer of the railway field 12. 12th März 1944 March 1944
Wilhelm Polzius, Officer of the railway field
Willy Liebel, Mayor of the City of Nuremberg
Hans Kehrl ,

Police President of  06.08.1892 in Jüterbog.
+ 22.04.1961 in Hamburg.

 Charles Comb, Secretary of State Railroad
Louis Kirsch, State Railroad Inspector

Leopold Bürkner [buerkner] Head of the Foreign Office in the OKW
( January 29 1894 in Zerbst ( Anhalt ); † July 15th 1975 in Frankfurt am Main ) was a German naval officer , most recently Vice-Admiral. Bürkner spent a week in March, 1938, through his position as commander and commander of the German naval forces against Spain (14 March to 22 March 1938).

Edmund Geilenberg (* January 13 1902 in Buchholz , † October 19 1964 in Ibbenbüren ) learned the locksmith trade and rose to the representatives of the German armaments industry in the Nazi Reich and Wehrwirtschaftsführer on

Hans Jüttner [Juettner](* March 2 1894 at Schmiegel , Posen , † May 24 1965 in Bad Tolz ) was chief of the SS main leadership office, SS Group leader and general of the Waffen-SS . July 1944 to April 1945 Jüttner was chief of the Home Army .
received 4 years.

Gerhard Degenkolb (* June 26th 1892 in Zeitz , † February 1 1954 in Duisburg ) was a German mechanical engineer and manager for the period of National Socialism . He was one of the major key players in the defense industry of the Greater German Reich .

source: Winners of knights cross, de.wiki

Paul Dargel (* December 28 1903 in Elbing , † unknown) was a German politician ( NSDAP ). was a close associate of Erich Koch worked in the occupied Soviet Union. Lost two feet.

Gustav Dilli, Assistant Secretary of State Railroad

Josef Müller, [Mueller] Assistant Secretary of State Railroad

Werner Linnemeyer, Reichspost 12. 12th September 1944 September 1944
Otto Bohrmann,  Reichspost

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The Nazi minister of economics, Gottfried Feder, d. 1941.

Feder continued to write papers, putting out “Kampf gegen die Hochfinanz” (“The Fight against high finance”, 1933) and the anti-semitic “Die Juden” (“The Jews,” 1933); in 1934, he became Reichskommissar (Reich commissioner).

Feder was an economist and one of the early key members of the Nazi party. He was their economic theoretician. Initially, it was his lecture in 1919 that drew Hitler into the party.[1]

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As early as 2001, German Historian, Dieter Schenk , who had previously worked as superintendent at the BKA, an investigation establishing history of the BKA. [16] Schenk came to the conclusion that in 1959, senior officials from 47 BKA 45 had a Nazi past. About half, including Saevecke are to be regarded as Nazi criminals in criminological sense.

Here are some names I uncovered:
diplomats:

Vicco von Bülow, Karl Alexander Schwante (* May 10th 1891 in Berlin , † March 14 1970 in Düsseldorf ) [1] was a German diplomat .
One of the responsibilities of this Unit from 20 März 1933, , besides others, the date of the Division III treated their Jewish political affairs, which were called after the handover of power to the Nazis as a Jewish question in the Foreign Office

Alexander Baron von Dornberg zum Hausen (* March 17 1901 in Darmstadt , † August 7 1983 in Oberaula .-Hausen, Hesse was a German jurist, diplomat, and SS leader He became known as the head of the Protocol Department of Foreign Affairs from 1938 to 1945th

Hans-Heinrich von Bittenfeld Herwarth (* July 14th 1904 in Berlin , † August 21 1999 in Küps ) was a German civil servant and diplomat. Even at a meeting in the East Ministry on 18 Dezember 1942 he was a participant, where the future policy of the extermination of the Jews in the conquered eastern territories with the representatives of the RSHA was discussed.

Hasso von Etzdorf (* March 2 1900 in Elbing , West Prussia , † July 7 1989 in Bruck (Upper Bavaria) ) was German Ambassador and the Third Reich, lecturer Counsellor .

Herbert Blankenhorn (15 December 1904 in Mülhausen-10 August 1991 in Badenweiler) was a German diplomat. From 1929 he was member of the Foreign Office, and from 1938 was a member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP)[1] (member number 6977147). In 1943 he launched the economy department of the German legation in Bern and was Head of the Foreign Office. After 1945 he became one of the most influential German professional diplomats. He served as Ambassador to England from 1965 to 1970.

Manfred Klaiber (* June 8 1903 in Grafenberg / Wuerttemberg, † July 16 1981 in Stuttgart
Klaiber with Joachim von Ribbentrop worked in several German embassies, most recently under Franz von Papen in Ankara, Turkey.

Eitel Friedrich Mollhausen
Walther Nehring

After the war, perpetrator, Karl Bömelburg doctored the papers of a sergeant Bergman, killed in the bombardment, and adopted his identity. He was hired as a gardener near Munich, then promoted to librarian, and also directed a group of active Nazis fleeing to Francoist Spain. At Saint-Sylvestre, in 1946, he slipped on ice, broke his skull and died.

Otto Abetz (* March 26 1903 in Schwetzingen , † May 5 1958 in Langenfeld , Mettmann district ) was a German art teacher and diplomat . During the Second World War he was from August 1940 to 1944 Ambassador of Germany in occupied France. Art thief.

Julius Friedrich Lehmann (* November 28th 1864 in Zurich , † March 24 1935 in Munich ) was a German publisher and founder of the publisher JF Lehmann, of medical , racial and racist literature published.

Wilhelm van Meeteren, the Egyptian representative of the company *Siemens [46] and President of the German Association in Cairo, had established in 1933 after the NSDAP a brochure templates “The Jewish Question in Germany”

Johannes Friedrich Wilhelm Grimm (* June 17th 1888 in Düsseldorf , † May 16 1959 in Freiburg )
amnestied war criminal. Was an anti-Semitic and Nazi politician , lawyer and publicist .
Mentioned above.

Emil Theodor Saevecke (* March 22 1911 in Hamburg , † 2000 ) was an SS Captain and war criminals , who in the organization of forced labor Tunisian Jews and hostages in Italy at the time of National Socialism was involved. After 1945 Saevecke worked for the American intelligence service CIA and leading function in the German Federal Criminal Police Office. June 1999 from Turin, Saevecke military court for the hostages in August 1944 in absentia and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Hans-Dietrich ERNST, d. 198-: Head of the SiPo-SD in Angers, 1942-44 (SS-Hauptsturmführer). Born in 1908; condemned to death in absentia four times by French courts; died while under indictment in Germany in the 1980s.

Werner BEST, d. 198-: Head of the military administration staff. Died while under indictment in Germany in the late 1980s. [was credited with saving the Jews of Denmark – perhaps under orders ?]

Kurt BLANKE: Head of the Jewish affairs section in the economics department. Became mayor of the city of Celle in Lower Saxony, West Germany. ??

Karl Larenz (* 23. April 1903 in Wesel ; † 24. Januar 1993 in Olching bei München ) was a German civil lawyer and legal philosopher . He became known mainly through his works Methodology of Law and textbook law of obligations.

Herbert Krueger (* December 14 1905 in Krefeld , † April 25 1989 in Hamburg ) was a German jurist .

Wolfgang Siebert (* April 11 1905 in Meseritz ; † November 25 1959 in Heidelberg ) was a German legal scholar and professor

Frederick Schaffstein (* July 28 1905 in Göttingen , † November 8th 2001 in Göttingen) was a German criminal lawyer and legal historian . In addition to Georg Dahm Frederick Schaffstein is considered one of the most prominent representatives of the Nazi criminal law doctrine. His own involvement in the Nazi legal doctrine regretted Frederick Schaffstein noticeably towards the end of his life in 1965 and wrote self-critically, “arose from the same root, and finally the war crimes of Auschwitz “.

Franz Wie[z]acker (* August 5 1908 in Stargard / Pomerania , † February 17 1994 in Göttingen ) was a German jurist and legal historian .

Ernst Forsthoff (* September 13 1902 in Laar , today Duisburg , † August 13 1974 in Heidelberg ) was a German constitutional lawyer .

Emil Schumburg (* May 14th 1898 in Berlin , † February 17 1961 in Hannover ) was a doctor of a qualified lawyer, a German diplomat and Jewish Affairs in the Foreign Office . freed. 1950

Ernst Woermann (* March 30 1888 in Dresden , † July 5 1979 in Heidelberg ) was a German diplomat , member of the NSDAP, the ambassador in Nanking and was accused at the Wilhelmstrasse process , where he was sentenced to five years in prison.

Carl Theo Zeitschel, Carl Theodor, Carl Theo , Karl Theo Seitschul
(* March 13 1893 in Augsburg , † possibly in 1945 (in Berlin missing) was a physician , National Socialist, and diplomat , who in the German Embassy in France as Judenreferent the deportation of Jews organized and drove.
SS Colonel and First Secretary, one of the engines of the ” Final Solution in France “, departure and the murder of the Jews.
source: de.wikipedia

google trans:
Rudolf Rahn (* March 16 1900 in Ulm , † January 7 1975 in Düsseldorf ) was a German diplomat and intelligence officer in the era of National Socialism ; joined in 1928 in the Foreign Office in Berlin. Since 1931, he was at the German Embassy in Ankara served as Secretary. Rahn in 1934 and was secretary of legation in 1938 as Counsellor to Lisbon . 1942 to 1943 when representatives of the AA commander of German troops in Tunis, August 1943 envoy in Rome, from November 1943 until the war’s Ambassador to the Republic of Salò (Repubblica Sociale Italiana). June 1943, after his return from Tunis him the Knight’s Cross of War Merit awarded. From 1945 to 1947 he was in Hohenasperg and Nuremberg prison. [2 years]

From 1950 he served as Managing Director of Coca-Cola’s Düsseldorf office. August 1940, became head of the propaganda, the press and broadcasting work in the office of the authorized representative of the AA in the military commander in France and moved to 12th November 1940, in the same capacity for the German Embassy in Paris. [more on him below]
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Werner Gerlach (* 4. September 1891 in Wiesbaden; † 31. August 1961 in Kempten (Allgäu))

Karl Epting (* 17. Mai 1905 in Odumase, britische Kolonie Goldküste; † 17. Februar 1979)

Friedrich Carl Maria Sieburg (* 18. Mai 1893 in Altena; † 19. Juli 1964 in Gärtringen)
His colleagues included Ernst Aschenbach (Head of Political Department), already listed elsewhere in the blog.

? Stahel
==================

More on Rahn:
Also, Rahn was in the German Embassy with “Jewish Question” is concerned, so with the claim that 50,000 French Jews in the east to Auschwitz should be transported. Rahn even discussed the claim in June 1942 when Prime Minister Laval was Chief. [4] This process has been at the Nuremberg trial against Ribbentrop cited and later led to the conviction of Ernst von Weizsäcker , the first Secretary of the Foreign Office, as a war criminal. Also convicted and imprisoned for nine years in France was the Ambassador Abetz. Grimm was detained for sixteen months in prison during the Nuremberg trials, as a witness. Rahn was arrested. Werner Gerlach was interned for three years.
**The others remained unpunished. Epting was even head teacher in Baden-Wuerttemberg.

September 1941 a special mission in Syria [6] and in Iraq . The intention of the national Iraqi leadership clique around the prime minister *Rashid Ali al-Gailani for the German war aims to harness just a very brief success was granted.

In Syria, Rahn tried on the basis of the “Paris Protocol” [7] and promised to act on Ribbentrop further consideration for a military involvement of Syria and Lebanon-based French troops. His role was that of a military organizer. General Henri Fernand Dentz , the commander of the Vichy forces in Syria, loaded within three days, two trains with 50 cars with weapons for the Iraqi troops and escorted the transport of arms to the Baghdad Railway by (!) to neutral Turkey to Mosul.

The German combat units and the emissary of *Fritz Grobba in Iraq came too late, and the British invaded after the defeat of Iraq in Syria and Lebanon and defeated in the “Operation Exporter” the Vichy troops. Rahn escaped to Turkey.

November to December 1942. Walter Rauff agreed in a meeting with General Walther *Nehring and Rahn on the use of Jewish forced laborers, and established a system of labor camps. Theo Saevecke organized it. More than *2,500 Tunisian Jews died in six months, the armed forces participated in executions. Other planned mass murders occurred, however, because the various interests in Vichy France, Italy and the leadership of the Africa Corps, on 13th May 1943.

Rahn reported to Berlin on the forced labor of Jews in the expansion of the main battle line. Jews with Italian citizenship should in turn be exempt. Rahn reported on a mandatory levy of the Jewish people for the damage of an Allied air raid in the amount of 50 million francs. Rahn was just propaganda for a “conservative anti-Jewish tendency” is recommended, to avoid disturbance of the internal order (such as conflicts between the Arab and Jewish population). By his own account in his autobiography, Rahn has saved the Tunisian Jews.

Plenipotentiary (Italian: Plenipotenziario) of the German Empire was Rahn.

July Rahn to “Hitler’s headquarters” was ordered. There he was told he was transferred to Rome. For the rest he ordered to liberate Mussolini through a coup. ” August 1943 Rahn was dismissed after a meeting with Hitler. August 1943 as acting ambassador in Rome, in order to lead, according to Goebbels, the Italians falling on a tight rein. [14] “Rahn is our representative in Rome,” Goebbels on 18 September 1943. [15] September, 1943.

*The deportation of Italian Jews and especially the Roman began in October 1943. That people knew the message that the Jews should be destroyed, the dispute highlights a telegram to the first 30-year-old diplomat **Eitel Friedrich Mollhausen in September 1943. Temporary staff, he led the rest of the German embassy, ​​while there was the new business support Rahn after was in an accident on Lake Garda in Fasano. He wrote directly to Ribbentrop, the German police chief *H. Kappler had received an order to deport the Jews in the Roman East. The German city commander *Stahel would agree but only if it directly from AA to receive instruction. He preferred that Jews were collected for the labor service in Italy. Ribbentrop flew into a terrible rage, that was quite open in the message traffic from the destruction of the Jewish question.
Rahn and Weizsäcker had also learned from this.

Ernst von Weizsäcker and his son , Richard von Weizsäcker , who acted as auxiliary defenders have asserted in Nuremberg, claimed that “the veiled terminology Final Solution of the Jewish question he did not understand.” Richard von Weizsäcker was mid-May 1944 visit to Rome. Stahel Reiner was in 1944 in Warsaw garrison commander at the time of the Warsaw Uprising.

Previously there have been a plan to kidnap the Pope. SS-Polizeiführer Karl Wolff, Field Marshal Kesselring , SS police leader Karl Wolff , *Ernst von Weizsäcker, the 24th since the 19th June 1943 was ambassador to the Vatican, and Rahn have thwarted the project sooner.

1944 Consul Gerhard Wolf , together with Ludwig Heinrich Heydenreich , director of the Art Institute, defeated the planned removal of many Florentine art treasures to Germany [20] and “saved using Rahn’s lives”. In February 1945, * Hasso von Etzdorf appointed Consul General of Genoa and could even help to protect port facilities and industrial establishments in the city before the destruction ordered by Hitler. Here Rahn had supported him. Rahn tried to install the Office of the Plenipotentiary for Social Fascist government as the supreme political authority in northern Italy.

When the Italian worker strike against Nazis, SS Paul Zimmermann was involved in destroying it. Later he was a member of the Naumann circle. ***Rahn was imprisoned from 1945 to 1947. Interrogated eight times in December 1947.
Döhnhoff mentioned Rahn among others, in 1956 the CDU and FDP in the domestic Clinch hit each other “their” old-Nazis around the ears. Reason was that the old Nazis won once more in the FDP influence. Ernst Achenbach , Werner Best and “Exbotschafter Rudolf Rahn (in the old AA nicknamed” bucket-Rahn ‘, allegedly because everything he touched, went into the bucket’). Achenbach was next to the Paris embassy colleagues Friedrich Grimm*(mentioned above) and defender in the trial of the Naumann circle , a group of Nazi leaders who wished to subvert the 1953 FDP. Rahn’s name appears in this circle but not on. Finally, could Achenbach blockages in the German prosecution of war crimes in France no longer slow down everything, and in 1979 were still three players in the persecution of Jews in France, namely Kurt Lischka , Ernst Heinrichsohn [29] and Herbert M. Hagen were brought to justice. The office workers and bureaucrats, the Paris embassy staff, the Berlin-AA bureaucracy remained largely unscathed or lived in an aura of clandestine resistance, “to prevent the worst.” Nevertheless, in the early 1960s was at the Cologne public prosecutor was investigating him, [30] **without leading to an indictment.

Rahn’s complicity with the war going on in France, Iraq, [31] in Tunisia and Italy, and his cognizance of the Holocaust were explained very little. In 1943 he claimed in the Nazi propaganda in Tunis: The Jews are sent to forced labor. Your property will be distributed to poor Muslims who have suffered from the bombing damage. The Secretary of State and Chancellor Konrad Adenauer has not wanted and the Personnel Officer Herbert Blankenhorn and Hans Globke had a wide range of other Nazi diplomats and bureaucrats. FDP, the positions by Achenbach , Best and Grimm already were used. [their bios are on other pages]

In a so-called standard work on the role of AA in 2010, Independent Historical Commission – Federal Foreign Office : The Office and the past, Rahn’s role as an active Nazi coup leader in Iraq, 1941, on behalf of his office (called “special envoy in Syria and Tunisia”) with the aim of conquering the Middle East – either from the Caucasus and forth from the eastern Mediterranean – *was not mentioned.
trans from de.wikipedia, Rahn.


more on Holocaust in Italy:
NEW:
Stahel Reiner, warsaw ghetto uprising.died in POW camp.From September 1943 to December 1943 Stahel was military commander of Rome . [1] Prior to the deportation of Roman Jews in 1943 tried to Pope Pius XII. stop on the city headquarters, the impending raid. Er sandte seinen Verbindungsmann zu den deutschen Dienststellen, so auch zu Stahel. He sent his liaison to the German authorities, including to Stahel. Also rejected the suggestion of this with the remark that he had nothing to do with it, the action was solely for the SS . [2]

Eitel Friedrich Mollhausen

Hasso von Etzdorf (* March 2 1900 in Elbing , West Prussia , † July 7 1989 in Bruck (Upper Bavaria) ) was German Ambassador and the Third Reich, lecturer Counsellor . February 1945, the Consul General of Etzdorf of Genoa and was even appointed to help protect port facilities and industrial establishments in the city before the destruction ordered by Hitler. About his denazification is not known. Ab
. From 1950 worked Etzdorf of the Foreign Service of the Federal Republic of Germany and most recently from September 1961 to March 1965 the German ambassador to Britain, based in London .

Albert von Kassel

SS Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Kappler is “notorious for holding the Jews of Rome for ransom” due to his demand of 50 kilograms of gold, for which he was convicted of extortion by an Italian court after the war.[9] In fact, it is possible that Kappler’s intentions were to “bribe Berlin [rather] than to shake down the Jews”.[9]

As is well-known, the Jews of Rome turned to the pope in an attempt to meet the ransom.[9] Pius XII offered to loan the Jews the gold, with no deadline for repayment and no interest.[9] However, this loan never took place because the Jews came up with the required amount on their own by September 28.[9] A German cable from October 11—which does not mention their recent receipt of the extorted gold—ordered Kappler to proceed with the deportation as planned.[5]

In addition to von Weizsäcker and von Kessel, the deportations were opposed by General Reiner Stahel, the commandant of Rome, Field Marshal General Albert Kesselring, and Eitel Friedrich Möllhausen, German chargé d’affaires to Italy.[13] Kappler suggested to the foreign ministry on October 6 that the Jews would be “better used as laborers in Italy” and Mollhausen communicated similar sentiments to Stahel.[5] A second telegram the next day from Mollhausen to Berlin said that the field marshal had asked Kappler to postpone the roundup.[5]

Knowing that the German officials in Rome were unanimously opposed to the roundup, Adolf Eichmann sent Theodore Dannecker, the SS captain responsible for the deportations of the Parisian Jews, to Rome.[5] Having a very limited force compared to the 8,000 Roman Jews, Dannecker pressed Kappler to provide him with additional forces and a list of addresses; both Kappler and Stahel complied.[5]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Pius_XII_and_the_Roman_razzia

Kurt Mälzer, under orders from Adolf Hitler, ordered the massacre which was then planned and carried out by the SS, under Herbert Kappler.
After the war, Mälzer was put on trial by the Allies and sentenced to death. His death sentence was later commuted to a prison term.

A particular adversary of Kappler’s in this respect was Monsignor Hugh O’Flaherty, whose activities helping Jewish fugitives and Allied prisoners escape Rome led to Kappler having him targeted for assassination.

Herbert Kappler (Stuttgart, 23 September 1907 – 9 February 1978 in Soltau), was the head of German police and security services in Rome during World War II. He successfully fled an Italian prison one year before he died.

END

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