Fate of nazis

In 1935, Hitler commented on the Nuremberg Laws that the Nazi Party would seek an “endgültige rechtliche Lösung” or final legal solution ” to the “Jewish problem.”

January 1942, said Hitler in his racialist speech at the Berlin Sports Palace : “Here we are in the clear fact that the war can only end up being either the Aryan peoples extinct or that the Jews from Europe will disappear.” [27]

quoted on the next page, Braeutigum’s entry.
=====================================

This quote is from a speech made by Himmler on November 8, 1938:
“Furthermore, Czechoslovakia has become anti-Semitic, all the Balkans are anti-Semitic, the whole of Palestine is engaged in a desperate struggle against the Jews, so that some day there will be no place in the world left for the Jew. He says to himself, this danger will only be removed if the source, if the originating country of anti-Semitism, if Germany is burnt out and destroyed (ausgebrannt und vernichtet). Be clear about it, in the battle which will decide if we are defeated, there will be no reservation remaining for the Germans, all will be starved out and butchered. That will face everyone, be he now an enthusiastic supporter of the Third Reich or not – it will suffice that he speaks German and had a German mother.”

——————
“The hatred of the Jews was Hitler’s driving force and central point, perhaps even the only element that moved him. The German people, German greatness, the Reich, all that meant nothing to him in the final analysis.”

Albert Speer, sworn affidavit, June 15, 1977 http://www.holocaust-history.org/johannesburg-citizen/
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Otto Ohlendorf , head of Einsatzgruppe D, but said in his Nazi trial after 1945, Himmler had him already at his inauguration on 6 t: June 1941 as instructed follows:

Himmler said that an important part of our mission is the eradication of Jews, women, men and children, and there would be Communist functionaries. [4] I was notified approximately four weeks in advance about the attack on Russia.

(This would support Hitler’s plans for the extermination of the Jewish people around April to May , 1941.
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nazi:

Hermann Harm (* September 30, 1894 in Halle/Saale, Germany; d. 28 November 1985 in Hartenholm) was a German SS-Brigadeführer and a major General of the police, who served as SS and police leader. By early July 1943 to April 1944, he commanded Lithuania and the most high commanded “Ukraine”, autumn 1944. His last stop was the position of adjutant at the HSSPF “Alpenland” Erwin Rösener from August 1944 to May 1945.
After the end of the war, worked as a farmer in Schleswig-Holstein.

Wilhelm Koppe, one of the WORST of the WORST.
free 1945-1960; 1962 -1975, dead.
The crimes of this monster defy all belief.
In 1945 Wilhelm Koppe went underground and assumed an alias (Lohmann, his wife’s surname) and became a director of a chocolate factory in Bonn, Germany[4]. In 1960 he was arrested but released on bail on 19 April 1962. His trial opened in 1964 in Bonn. He was accused of being accessory to the mass murder of 145,000 people. The trial was adjourned due to Koppe’s ill health and in 1966 the Bonn court decided not to prosecute and Koppe was released for medical reasons. The German government refused a Polish request for extradition. Koppe died in 1975 in Bonn.

He was a German Nazi commander (Höhere SS und Polizei Führer, HSSP, SS-Obergruppenführer) who was responsible for numerous atrocities against Poles and Jews in Reichsgau Wartheland and the General Government during the German occupation of Poland.
With the Eastern Front approaching Poland, Koppe ordered all prisoners to be executed rather than freed by the Soviets.
=====

Herzum, Doktor Erwin : SS hauptsturmf. 10/11/1915
Fate unknown. Gross-Rosen.

The high mortality rate continued in 1942, prisoners classified as “disabled” were sent to Dachau,
Gross Rosen, wiki.The last 37 Jewish prisoners were transferred to Auschwitz on 16 October of that year, in the course of an operation designed to remove Jews from all camps situated in the Reich.

Wilhelm Gideon (born 15 November 1898 in Oldenburg – died after 1975) was a German Schutzstaffel officer and Nazi concentration camp commandant.Then was Gideon management officer of the higher SS and police leader in Denmark and remained in this capacity until war’s end. After the war, a was filed against Gideon, who again returned to Oldenburg, initiated an investigation in Hanover and 1962.(trans from Polish) after the war, sentenced to 10 years in prison
It says that approximately 100,000 people died at the camp Gross-Rosen, within Germany.

—–
Gerhard Engel, worked in ‘racialmatters.’ d 1976

Kurt Zeitzler (* June 9 1895 in Goßmar at Luckau in Brandenburg , † September 25 1963 in Hohenaschau in Upper Bavaria ) was a German officer , most recently , Colonel-General and Chief of Staff of the Army during the Second World War .

Mayer-Mader, Andreas
Holocaust in Caucausus

Holocaust, Latvia
Latvia:

In 1942, the 19th and 21st Latvian Security Battalions from the Latvian Legion were attached to the 2nd ss Brigade.
In January 1943, the 19th and 21st Latvian Schuma (Police) Battalions were serving with the Brigade, impressed by their conduct, Heinrich Himmler changed the 2 SS Infantry Brigade into a Latvian Brigade and at the same time set the foundations for a Latvian Division. [4]

The existing 18th, 24th, and 26th Latvian Schuma Battalions serving in Leningrad were used to form the Brigade’s 2nd SS Volunteer Regiment. They were then sent for training at Krasnoje Selo, where Himmler added the 16th Latvian Schuma Battalion to the brigade in February. [4]

On 18 May 1943, these Latvian Battalions along with the other three Latvian Legion Battalions were incorporated into the 2 SS Infantry Brigade, and re-designated the 2 SS Latvian Brigade.

Richard Nickel
Stanke,
Hesfer
Heinz Nachtigall
Breidis

http://www.seligman.org.il/kraslava_holocaust.html
Ghetto Commandant Eduards Zaube
German soldier eyewitnesses noted that it was German SD giving orders, but Latvians shooting the people.

Latvia, collabo.:
Gustavs Celmiņš (April 1, 1899 – April 10, 1968) was a Latvian politician. He went to the US.

========
Perpetrators
Einsatzgruppe A was assigned by Reinhard Heydrich to kill the Jews of the Baltic states, including Latvia. Franz Walter Stahlecker was in command of Einsatzgruppen A. The Einsatzgruppen operated in smaller squads known as Einsatzkommandos. Latgale and Daugavpils were assigned to Einsatzkommando 1b, who, under Erich Ehrlinger, had killed about 1150 people, mostly Jews, by July 11, 1941.[9] Ehrlinger’s successor as of about July 11, 1941, was Joachim Hamann, who killed 9012 Jews in Daugavspils, including many brought in from small towns in southern Latgale before he was reassigned on August 22, 1941.[35]

The chief of the local auxiliary police **Roberts Blūzmanis was in charge of the local Latvian auxiliary police. His role in the killings was to confine the Jews to the Grīva fortress ghetto and move them out to the killing places. Latvian self-defence men and Arājs murderers were also involved.[36] It appears that Latvian police from the Daugavpils municipality were also involved. One of the precinct chiefs, **Arvīds Sarkanis, wrote explicitly of “the liquidation of the Jews”, providing the most detailed account of the participation of the Latvian police.[37]

**Zaube, the German commandant of the Daugavpils ghetto, stood out for his extreme cruelty. He executed people who infringed the his many rules especially of those who had smuggled in food, on the inner square of the ghetto in front of all inmates to frighten and to humiliate them. It was in Daugavpils that the liquidation of ghetto inmates started. From November 8 to 10, 1941, 3000 people were killed in Mežciems. The operation was headed by Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant-Colonel) **Günter Tabbert, who was then 25.[38]

Participation by local Latvians in the Daugavpils killings and ghettoization was initially minimal; but after two weeks of the German occupation it became extensive.[35] A Latvian SD unit was set up in Daugavpils, as well as unit of auxiliary police. Along with the SD, these organizations persecuted, confined and eventually killed the Jews of the Daugavpils ghetto, but the precise extent of their involvement is unclear, because for the major killings, the Arājs commando would be brought in from Riga.[35]

Günter Hugo Friedrich Tauber took over. He was then 25 years old.[49] {is this Guenter Tabbert?}

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daugavpils_Ghetto

On May 1, 1942, there were about 1,500 survivors in the Griva fortress/ghetto.[18] Rudolf Lange, commander of the SD in Latvia, gave an order to Tabbert to liquidate the ghetto. Tabbert’s men, and the Arājs commando, entered the ghetto in the morning after the working Jews had been marched out to the job sites.[68] The Nazis conducted another “selection” that day, killing the great majority of Jews in the ghetto.[61] One source states there were 375 survivors of the May 1 selection

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No evidence for any proceedings against the local collaborators from Kraslava & Daugavpils has been forthcoming. There is no trail [trial?] data for *Breidis, Eduards Zaube or Roberts Bluzmanis. A long list of Lithuanian and Latvian collaborationist assassins to Einsatzkommando 3 and of the Arajs Kommando that operated together with Jaeger and Hamman is available. A small number were tried, some only the past decade. Most continued their lives without any legal proceedings being conducted against them.

The following are trial reports for cases brought against Einsatzkomando 1b and for *Gunter Hugo Freidrich [Tabbert?]**for mass extermination crimes in Daugavpils and other places. All the defendants were acquitted or released due to technicalities:

Case no: Nr.526
Crime Category: Other Mass Extermination Crimes, Mass Extermination Crimes by Einsatzgruppen
Accused:
E., Erich – Judgment annulled by the Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Supreme Court), subsequent proceeding suspended
H., Ludwig – Acquittal
Kl., Werner – Acquittal
K., Hans – Acquittal + Proceeding suspended
Ku., Siegfried – Acquittal
P., Erich – Acquittal
Court: Landgericht (District Court) Karlsruhe 20 December 1961; Bundesgerichtshof (Federal Supreme Court) 28 May 1963
Country where the crime was committed: Latvia, Lithuania, Soviet Union
Crime Location: Kovno, Dunaburg, Rositten, Kiev, Uman, Gut Michalowka (near Kiev)
Crime Date: June 1941 – July 1941, January 1942 to September 1943
Victims: Prisoners, Jews, Civilians
Nationality: Lithuanian, Latvian, Soviet
Office: Einsatzgruppen EK1b, Polizei Sipo Kiev, Polizei Sipo Uman
Subject of the proceeding: Mass shootings of Lithuanian and Latvian Jews at the beginning of the military campaign against the Soviet Union, by Einsatzkommando 1b. Mass and individual killings of Jewish and non-Jewish Soviet civilians by means of gassings in ‘gas vans’ and shootings by the Sipo Kiev
Published in Justiz und NS-Verbrechen Vol. XVIII

Case Nr. 708
Crime Category: Other Mass Extermination Crimes
Accused: Tab., Gunter Hugo Friedrich – Acquittal*********
Court: Landgericht (District Court) Dortmund 19 June 1969
Country where the crime was committed: Latvia
Crime Location: Dunaburg
Crime Date: 1941 – 1942
Victims: Jews
Nationality: Latvian
Office: Polizei Sipo (Security Police) Dunaburg
Subject of the proceeding: Mass and single shootings of at least 3500 Jews within the jurisdiction of the Sipo branch office Dunaburg
Published in Justiz und NS-Verbrechen Vol. XXXII

—–
Lithuania
“Lithuanian Police, commanded by Colonel Vytautas Reivytis and Lieutenant Bronius Norkus, who traversed the countryside slaughtering tens of thousands of Jews.”
http://www.seligman.org.il/kraslava_holocaust.html-

Kaiserwald:
the end of the war many members of the Lithuanian Security Police fled to Western Europe, notably to Germany.[3] In 1955, the former commander of its Vilnius branch, Aleksandras Lileikis, emigrated to the USA, where he obtained citizenship, of which he was stripped in 1996.[1] Lileikis’s trial was postponed several times due to his poor health; he died at age 93 without trial[15]. Kazys Gimžauskas, deputy of Lileikis, who returned to Lithuania after US authorities began to investigate him in 1996, was convicted in 2001 of participation in genocide.[16] In 2006 Algimantas Dailidė was convicted in Lithuania of persecuting and arresting two Poles and 12 Jews while he was a member of Lithuanian Security Police.[17][18]

Algirdas Jonas Klimaitis (1923 in Kaunas[1] – 1988 in Germany) was a Lithuanian para-military commander.After the war, Algirdas Klimaitis, moved to Hamburg, Germany, where he died in 1988.[In March 1942 in Poland, the 2nd Lithuanian Battalion carried out guard duty in the Majdanek extermination camp.[26] In July 1942, the 2nd Battalion participated in the deportation of Jews from the Warsaw ghetto to a death camp.

the 30th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS (1st Belarussian).

Paul Rohrbach (29 June 1869 – 19 July 1956) was a German writer, concerned with “world politics.” He worked with the Armenian volunteers.

Juozas Ambrazevičius or Juozas Brazaitis (December 9, 1903 in Trakiškiai near Marijampolė — October 28, 1974 in the United States) was a Lithuanian literary historian, better known for his political career and nationalistic views. He was the acting Prime Minister of the Provisional Government of Lithuania from June 23, 1941 to August 5, 1941.

Oskars Dankers (March 26, 1883 – April 11, 1965) was a Latvian general. He participated in World War I and in the Latvian War of Independence. He was a recipient of the Order of Lāčplēsis, 2nd and 3rd class.[1] During the occupation of Latvia by Nazi Germany, Dankers cooperated with the Nazis.The Nazis also set up a Latvia puppet government, under a Latvian General Oskars Dankers, who was himself half-German
——
Fritz Rank (* April 9 1899 in Grottau / Bohemia ; † unknown)

Rudolf Mildner (* July 10 1902 in St. John Valley , Austrian Silesia , † unknown) was an Austrian lawyer, SS banner leader and department head in the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA).

Leopold Gutterer (* April 25 1902 in Baden-Baden , † December 27 1996 in Aachen ) was a Nazi official and politician. . During the Nazi period, he rose to the post of state secretary in the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda , and was Vice President at times of the Reich Culture Chamber . Gutterer was considered a close confidant of Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels .

Hans Hinkel (* 22. Juni 1901 in Worms; † 8. Februar 1960 in Göttingen) Journalist,propaganda

Bruno Müller [Mueller] (born September 13 1905 in Strasbourg , † March 1 1960 in Oldenburg ) was a German jurist, SS Lieutenant Colonel and Senior Government . Mueller held the period of National Socialism following features: Head of Unit III B 4 of the Reich Security Main Office , leader of Einsatzkommando 2 / I in German-occupied Poland and of Sonderkommando 11b in the Soviet Union and Commander of the Security Police and SD in Krakow , Rouen , Prague and Kiel . 1947, Müller [mueller] was sentenced by a British military court for his responsibility for the events in the labor education camp Nordmark in Kiel Hasensee to twenty years in prison. In the train of the Amnesty wave triggered by the cold war, Mueller also was already released in September 1953 from prison. He then worked as an insurance salesman. Various attempts of the Polish judicial authorities, to draw Müller, 2/I the responsibility because of his role at the European Commission failed ultimately. (*duplicated)

Dr Werner Pünder (* 15. September 1885 in Trier; † 10. Juni 1973 in Rheinbach)
Obercommando, wehrmacht

Hermann Esser (* 29. Juli 1900 in Röhrmoos bei Dachau; † 7. Februar 1981

Alfred Hasselberg (* 30. September 1908 in Essen; † 3. April 1950 in Frankfurt am Main) war ein deutscher Jurist im Rang eines Regierungsrats, SS-Sturmbannführer und Gestapomitarbeiter.

Joachim Illmer
SS-Ostbf dr.Joachim Illmer (Stapo Prag,Stapo Dortmund,KdS Radom).
He was born in 1909. Date of death? Was never prosecuted. Lived in Germany.

Albert Repeirt

Frederick Murawski (* March 17 1898 , † 1945 ) was a Roman Catholic priest and a Nazi who later turned against them.

Horst Mahnke (* October 28th 1913 in Berlin ) was a German SS – Captain , full-time in Himmler’s Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) and after the war from 1952 to 1960 Editor and Head of the news magazine Der Spiegel , then editor in chief of Axel Springer’s journal Crystal , managing director in the editorial advisory board of the Springer-Verlag 1969 to 1980 and chief executive of the Association of German Magazine Publishers .

Paul Carell (real name Paul (Karl) Schmidt, * November 2 1911 in Kelbra , † June 20 1997 in Rottach-Egern ) was in the Second World War, press chief of Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and From 1965 to 1971 identified the prosecutors in Verden for murder. But the investigation, which should clarify its involvement in the murder of Hungarian Jews, was suspended without result. Thus, Schmidt never had to answer before a court for his work in the Nazi state.

Hans Schick (* April 22 1889 in Eitorf ) was a German historian.

Kurt Knoblauch
Nazi used in Eastern ops against Jewish population.

———-

France:
Raybaud, Émile (1910-1995), part of the Militia and Sturmbannführer the Charlemagne Division .
Saint-Cyr and active officer, Emile Raybaud made the 1940 campaign as a captain in the 20th Battalion of Alpine. Admitted in the Militia, it will be deputy director of its National Executive, Chief of Staff John Vaugelas on the winding maze of the Glières, then director of enforcement in Limoges in June-July 1944 .

to Charlemagne, he headed the regiment No. 58 after commanding the first battalion. Promoted Sturmbannführer (major) February 20, 1945, it will be seriously injured on March 4, decorated with the Iron Cross and proposed for the higher grade.

A leg amputated, he was condemned to death by the court of the Haute-Vienne in 1946 pardoned, he will be released in 1951. He died September 7, 1995 in Provence.

Georg von Küchler (* May 30 1881 at Castle Philippsruhe at Hanau , † May 25 1968 in Garmisch-Partenkirchen ) was a German army officer (since 1942, Field Marshal ) and during the Second World War commander of armies and army groups, and honorary knight of the Order of St. John . For war crimes he was sentenced to a long prison sentence. Released, 1953.

Franz von Roques d 1967, war crimes in the Soviet Union.
The personnel file of Roques, however, is lost.

October 1948 Charles von Roques, his brother, was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment. death of Charles in December 1949,
————————

Adolf Ax (23 June 1906, Mouscron – 6 February 1983) was a German SS-Oberführer

Karl Burk, d. 1963

Ingo Eichmann

Hermann Ling

Otto Bovensiepen (* 8. Juli 1905 in Duisburg; † 18. Februar 1979 in Zusmarshausen) war ein deutscher Jurist, SS-Standartenführer, Leiter der Staatspolizeistellen Magdeburg, Recklinghausen, Dortmund, Bielefeld, Köslin, Halle. Tried, but not prosecuted due to heart attack

NEW: Johannes Hassebroek (* 11. Juli 1910 in Halle (Saale); † 17. April 1977 in Westerstede) war ein deutscher SS-Führer und Lagerkommandant des Konzentrationslagers Groß-Rosen.he was sentenced to death on 22 October 1948. However, the death sentence was not executed. Already mid September 1954 he was released from prison, moved with his family to Braunschweig and again worked in business. In May 1967 he had to answer to again before the District Court of Braunschweig for murder of 12 prisoners of the gross-Rosen concentration camp. The Court recognized only on homicide, and due to the limitation of this offence Hassebroeck was acquitted in June 1970.[11] This was confirmed by the Federal Court of justice.

Hassebroek not denied his work as camp commander in an interview with Tom Segev in March 1975.[12] Hassebroek died in April 1977 in Westerstede.

By late 1944 Hassebroeck, who had been promoted to Sturmbannführer in the interim, also had responsibility for thirteen sub-camps set up to deal with the severe overcrowding in Gross-Rosen.[7] It was estimated that as many as 100,000 people had died at the camp during Hassebroeck’s time in charge (source: Wikipedia, Hassebroeck).

the case that followed he was acquitted firstly by the Braunschweig court and then again, following an appeal by the prosecution, by the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.[10] He continued to be under investigation until his death in 1977. (wikipedia)
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