More on the nat’l socialist era

Additional information:

Harry Haffner (born 28 May 1900 – died 14 October 1969) was a German lawyer and the last Judge-President of the Nazi People’s Court.On 1st January 1944, Haffner became the General Prosecutor of Katowice[1] in occupied Poland where the Auschwitz concentration camp fell within his remit – he visited the camp on 28th June 1944.

From 1946 he lived under the name of Heinrich Hartmann in the town of Sontra where he ran a shop with his wife. In 1953 he turned himself in to the authorities in Kassel and the prosecutor made his past public, but the investigations against him were dismissed. He died in Hornberg aged 69.

Leopold Gutterer (born April 25, 1902 in Baden-Baden, Germany; d. 27 December 1996 in Aachen) was a Nazi official and politician. During the time he rose in the Office of the Secretary of State in the Reich Ministry for public enlightenment and propaganda, was at times Vice President of the Reich Chamber of culture. Gutterer was a close associate of Nazi propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels.
During his time as Secretary of State from 1940 to 1944, Gutterer introduced the “labelling requirement for Jews” in Germany. After the obligation to wear the “Judensterns” from September 1939 in the occupied Poland had been introduced, this tag from September 1941 was prescribed in the German Empire. Last but not least due to Gutterers regarding commitment invited him probably as representative of Ministry to the infamous Wannsee Conference on 20 January 1942. For timing reasons, could Gutterer not participate although ultimately, told in his refusal, however, that he had always great interest in the subject and wants like to be invited to subsequent dates.
Sentenced to 5 years, reduced to 1 year.

more on Speer:

The files can prove today that the deportation lists between October 1941 and March 1943 by Speer’s employees have been created along with the Gestapo. Spear has denied knowledge of it until his death.

speer, de.wikipedia

In a television interview after his release in 1966, Speer claimed to have known nothing of the mass murder of Jews and other minorities during the German occupation. Spear, however, was on 6 October 1943 in Poznań at the Reichsleiters and Gauleiters and gave a speech there. Then Himmler said from 17: 30 to 19: 00 in the second his “Poznań speeches” openly about the Holocaust. He had previously departed the spear make, and also by fellow participants never something like this heard is called “simply impossible” by Gitta Sereny.[30] Newly found on documents suggest that Speer not only knew the extension of re-enslaved and death in Auschwitz, but also actively pushed.[31] The selection of prisoners in ghettos for the defence industry and old for the destruction of, sick and children corresponded to its interests. As Minister of armaments he needed forced laborers and as general building inspector for the Imperial capital, he had pursued the mass deportation of the Berlin Jews for the redesign of Berlin. The research and their evaluation by the historians are not yet completed even in these areas.

from wikipedia, Albert Speer

On December 10, 1943, Speer visited the underground Mittelwerk V-2 rocket factory that used concentration camp labor. Shocked by the conditions there (5.7 percent of the work force died that month), and to ensure the workers were in good enough shape to perform the labor,[74] Speer ordered improved conditions for the workers and the construction of the above-ground Dora camp. In spite of these changes, half of the workers at Mittelwerk eventually died. Speer later commented, “[t]he conditions for these prisoners were in fact barbarous, and a sense of profound involvement and personal guilt seizes me whenever I think of them.”[75]

Wolters did not destroy the Chronicle, and, as his friendship with Speer deteriorated, allowed access to the original Chronicle to doctoral student Matthias Schmidt (who, after obtaining his doctorate, developed his thesis into a book, Albert Speer: The End of a Myth).[158] Speer considered Wolters’ actions to be a “betrayal” and a “stab in the back”.[159] The original Chronicle reached the Archives in 1983, after both Speer and Wolters had died.[155]

——–

Karl Hanke (d. 1945) and Speer became close friends. In 1944, according to Speer’s book (Inside the Third Reich), Hanke strongly advised Speer never to visit “a camp in Upper Silesia” (Auschwitz) for any reason. Hanke had “seen something that he was not allowed to describe and indeed could not describe.”[5]

Karl-Otto Saur (February 16, 1902 in Düsseldorf – July 28, 1966 in Pullach) was State Secretary in the Reich Ministry for armaments and war production in Germany during the Nazi era and de jure last defence minister of the Third Reich

Herbertus Bikker (15 July 1915, Wijngaarden, South Holland – 1 November 2008),

However, following a breakdown and fainting in court, neurologists advised against Bikker standing trial due illness. Court was adjourned on 2 February 2004. Bikker lived in Hagen as a pensioner until his death, which was not made public until April 2009.

———–

Eduard Wagner, d. 1944.https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2011/11/20/fate-of-nazis-part-two/

He also acted as a representative of the army during the negotiations with the SS on the use of the Einsatzgruppen der Sicherheitspolizei und des SD in the occupied Soviet Union. Wagner was also informed precisely planned future war crimes. End of February 1943 the Deputy Director General Later he turned against Hitler.

Kuno-Hans von Both.d. 1955

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2010/07/11/holocaust-in-latvia-lithuania-and-estonia/

Karl Siegmund Litzmann (d. 1945, was in charge of Estonia) in 1941, the publicly funded riding training was discontinued because it was no longer relevant for SA and the Wehrmacht. Litzmann was now free for other tasks and found use as Commissioner General for Estonia. This lay in the protectorate of Ostland, and was based in Reval. In 1944, he joined as an officer of the Waffen-SS in appearance. It is unclear whether Litzmann there was ordered or had volunteered. It was after the fighting in Hungary and the Czech Republic in the spring of 1945 a lost. Litzmann surfaced in May 1945 under a false name in Kappeln (Schleswig-Holstein) with his sister living there, but died in uncertain circumstances in August 1945.

[Kurt Krause may be  Krauzem =Krause]

In example, as the liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto resulted in rail transport bottlenecks, Wolff telephoned deputy Reich Minister of Transport Dr. Albert Ganzenmüller. In a later letter dated 13 August 1942, Wolff thanked Ganzenmüller for his assistance: “I notice with particular pleasure your report that for 14 days a train has been going daily with members of the chosen people to Treblinka…I’ve made contact with the participating agencies, so that a smooth implementation of the entire action is ensured.” It proves that the Director of trains knew perfectly well where they were going.

On 14 January 1948, Faber’s sentence was commuted to life imprisonment. However, on 26 December 1952, he escaped from prison in Breda, with Herbertus Bikker* (see above), Sander Borgers and four other former members of the Dutch SS, and the same evening crossed the border into Germany. *Dead.

… Germany lets them walk away.

http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-13680885.html

Dr Hansen wrote book on German germ warfare project: Even in the Nazi empire, the possibilities of microbial warfare explored more thoroughly than previously thought. Although Hitler forbade the use of offensive biological weapons (whether out of fear of retaliation or because of a deep-rooted “Bakteriophobie” as historians speculate). However, some research institutes soon led a ghostly life of its own. Whether units for drinking water contamination, “anthrax-containing toothpaste” or dropping insect-tainted meat – according to research by the Hamburg physician Frederick Hansen.

Wehrmacht and SS number of plans have developed biological weapons. “Despite public taboo on biological warfare,” was the conclusion of his book, “had been secretly busy researching” *. The gruesome arsenal entirely still in the experimental stage suggested that the Army Medical Service _  in Berlin their own attempts. In subsequent years, the department had a number of test organisms on their defensive capabilities: smallpox and plague, cholera, anthrax and the causative agent of tularemia, a rodent disease that can spread to humans. The tactical testing of microorganisms took over the Army Medical bacteria and specialist Heinrich Kliewe.

source: Dr Frederick Hansen, ” Biological _ warfare in the Third Reich” (Campus Verlag, Frankfurt, 200 pages, 36)

“Association lightning rod.” Arbeitsgemeinschaft Blitzableiter

Center of the top-secret B-projects has been a major research facility, built in 1943 on the grounds of an Ursuline convent in Nesselstedt in Poznan. Entrenched behind “bacteria-resistant cement” and “gas-tight doors and windows” (Hansen), where 86 researchers experimented with Blome’s command. Code name of the sprawling complex, “Central Institute for Research on Cancer.” What really Nesselstedt expired and its field offices, is unclear. All files have disappeared since the war ended (* At the Nuremberg Trial, 1947.)

In February 1945, the Red Army stopped by their advance, the poison of Nesselstedt kitchens.

At this time attracted the SS forced labor in the Thuringian town of Gera hill just one identical complex. It was not completed. * Frederick Hansen: “Biological warfare in the Third Reich.” Campus Verlag, Frankfurt, 200 pages, 36 marks.

 

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2011/02/02/more-nazis-and-their-post-war-careers

Gerhard Schraeder (d. 1990)

Heinrich Hörlein [Hoerlein] (d 1954, tried at Nuremberg) For his work in the field of DOMAGK received the Nobel Prize in 1939. joined the Nazi party in 1933. He was a Director of IG Farben-color plant in Wuppertal-Elberfeld, where he was involved in the development of Tabun, Sarin, and Soman. He was Chairman of the Board of the Behringwerke of Marburg and the German society for pest control (Degesch).[3] He took part in a meeting in the production of toxic gas in the army weapons Office in October 1939 and served as military economic leader in 1941.From 1939 he was Senator for the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft. After his arrest on 16 August 1945 by members of the army, he became in the IG Farben-dyes process * acquitted on 30 July 1948 on all counts.[1] He was then again head of the Elberfeld work. In 1952, he became Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Bayer color factories and Senator of the Max Planck Society. In 1954, he became an Honorary Professor at the Medical Academy of Düsseldorf.[3] In May of that year he died in Wuppertal, Germany. His wife Marie donated the Hörlein Prize, endowed with 5,000 euros, destined for greater scientific papers in the field of human medicine Hörlein for the first time in 1958.

Heinrich Franz Kliewe (d. 1969) mentioned below.

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/01/01/more-on-auschwitz-part-ii/ Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie Gießen de.wikipedia,

More head were Philalethes Kuhn (until his retirement in 1935), Heinrich Franz Kliewe, Adolf Alpe di Siusi (?_) and Friedrich Erhard Hague. (feb 1945). The buildings of the hygiene Institute and of the Hessian investigation Office for infectious diseases, which was an independent institution since 1911, were completely destroyed in a bombing raid on 6 December 1944. Hague died in February 1945. Until the end of World War II, the laboratories were outsourced to Lich in rooms of the Licher Castle and the brewery Ihring-Melchior. After the establishment of the hygiene Institute in spaces of Veterinary medicine and animal diseases Institute on Frankfurter Straße began in April 1945. After the progress of Heinrich Franz Kliewe to Mainz in 1946 the Hessian investigation Office for infectious diseases, whose leader he had been since 1928 was connected in 1947 again the hygiene Institute. Thus, the hygiene Institute at the same time again was Medical researchgroup for the city and the District of Gießen, the Wetterau and present-day Vogelsberg district.

In 1949, Berthold Kemkes, a student of Max Neisser, was appointed Acting Director of the Institute and 1951 appointed to the Chair of hygiene.

——

During the Nazi era, the role in the auto history of many Jews like Adolf Rosenberger, along with Josef Ganz, Siegfried Marcus, and Edmund Rumpler was written out of history. Rosenberger was one of Porsche’s fin’l backers.

Freud’s mentor, Josef Breuer married Mathilde Altmann in 1868, and they had five children. His daughter Dora later committed suicide rather than be deported by the Nazis. Another one of his daughters, Margarete Schiff, perished in Theresienstadt on September 9, 1942. Breuer’s granddaughter, Hanna Schiff, died while imprisoned by the Nazis.

http://www.fold3.com/page/285925090_procecuting_nazi_war_criminals/

good site .

====

more nazis:

1. Friedrich Rainer, SS Austria, d. 1945, Yugoslavia.

His widow received a death certificate which was issued on the 19 July 1947 by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Still years held rumors that Friedrich Rainer was still alive as in similar cases until the 1950s. Friedrich Rainer is so far the only Austrian Landeshauptmann who held his Office in two States.

2. George Wippern (financial crimes, Lublin)

DIED 1993.

Georg Wippern was born on 26 May 1909 in Hildesheim and during his service in Lublin was a crucial figure in the organized plunder of the Jewish victims of “Aktion Reinhard.”

Nazi Gold

One of his post-war statements illustrates well his role in Lublin during the Second World War:

“In my capacity as leader of the SS- garrison administration (Standortverwaltung) Lublin, I received an order in the  spring of 1942 from the leader of the Main Economic Administration in Berlin, Oswald Pohl, to take charge of and sort all the jewellery, valuables and foreign currency and other money confiscated from the Jews and to maintain their correct delivery.

Accumulated jewellery and valuables, as well as foreign currency, were delivered to the Central Economic Administration (WVHA) in Berlin and then to the Reichsbank in Berlin on receipt.

Jewellery was melted down, if the design was not of special value, and then delivered to the Reichsbank as gold bars. The same applied with the silver. Local currency, Polish Zloty was transferred by my office at the Emissionbank in Lublin to an account at the Reichsbank.”

In the early days of Aktion Reinhard Christian Wirth delivered the confiscated jewellery and valuables from the Jews at Belzec directly to the Reichsbank in an unsatisfactory manner – after the order from Pohl, Wirth had to hand over the valuables to Wippern.

Rudolf Reder described the process at Belzec for transferring the valuables:

“Valuables, money and dollars were taken out of the storehouse each day. The SS-men collected it themselves and put it into suitcases which workers carried to Belzec to the headquarters. A Gestapo officer went first, with Jewish workers carrying the suitcases.

It was not far, only a twenty minute walk to the Belzec station. The camp in Belzec, that is, the torture chamber in Belzec, was under this headquarters. Jews working in administration said that the whole shipment of gold, valuables and money was sent to Lublin, where the main headquarters was, with authority over the Belzec headquarters.”

Wippern’s sorting and processing unit was known as Abteilung Reinhard and Abteilung Iva. Two senior SS-men were assigned to Wippern’s staff Unterscharfuhrer Eicholz and Dorl who worked at different times with a small Jewish workforce between 20-30 people.

27 Chopin St  Lublin

The Jewish workforce were involved in the sorting and storing of the high value possessions removed from hundreds and thousands of Jewish families.

In addition Wippern had assigned to him trained banking personnel , SS Obersturmfuhrer Huber, SS-Oberscharfuhrer Teichmann and Rzepa, as well as SS-Unterscharfuhrer Pflanzer.

Wippern’s special depot was located in a large five-storey building at 27 Chopin Street, near the centre of Lublin, items were sorted, cleaned and stored on huge shelves by 20 Jews brought from the nearby Jewish Labour camp on Lipowa Street.

A description of Wippern’s operation is described in the report of SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Albert Franke- Gricksch on a tour of Poland with his superior Max von Herff in May 1943:

“From Trawniki we travelled back to Lublin to inspect the special enterprise Reinhard. This branch has had the task of realising all mobile Jewish property in the Gouvernement Poland.

It is astonishing what immense fortunes the Jews have collected in their ghetto and even ragged and vermin infested dirty little Jews who look like beggars, carry with them, when you strip their clothes off them, foreign currency, pieces of gold, diamonds and other valuables. We wandered through the cellars of this “special enterprise” and we were reminded of the fairy tales of the “Arabian Nights.

Whole boxes full of genuine pearls, cases full of diamonds, a basket full of pieces of gold and many cwts of silver coins, beside jewellery of every kind. In order to carry out a better realisation of all these valuables, the gold and silver are melted into bars.

We inspected the melting process in the garden of the house. There is a small foundry where gold and silver are melted and then formed into bars and then delivered to the German National Bank on certain days. “Special enterprise” Reinhard has so far delivered 2,500 kilos of gold, 20,000 kilos of silver and six and a half kilos of platinum, 60,000 Reichsmarks in currency, 800,000 dollars in money and 144,000 dollars in gold.

Loot stored on the Chopin St Warehouse

The huge quantity of diamonds and pearls can hardly be evaluated. The best proof of the repercussions this enterprise has on the international market is the quotations on the Swiss Stock Exchange and the effects on the international market in diamonds and brilliants. The prices have all gone down and Switzerland could not absorb any more diamonds, because our enterprise has swamped the market.

In this respect alone, the “special enterprise” Reinhard gives us the means for our political struggle and would have a decisive effect on the world market. Apart from other valuables there are 60,000 watches, most of them double –cased watches of high value, very often decorated with diamonds, 800,000 wrist watches and a huge quantity of other small valuables from tobacco and cigarette cases and gold fountain pens and silver bracelets etc.

In special workshops all these treasures are sorted out and examined by specially trained Jews, jewelers, bank clerks and goldsmiths. If necessary the diamonds are broken out in order to separate them and use the metal in a different way.

The wrist watches will be repaired, if necessary and will be handed out to front-line troops. When one goes through the cellar of this special branch it appears like a secret treasure and you get a very different idea of all the things for which people have sacrificed their lives and forgotten, through them the real issues.

You get the right distance from these false values and, even if our eye is delighted by the shine of thousands of brilliants, some of them the size of a pea, for which the old world has paid hundreds of thousands , one recognises a people which saw its whole existence in the heaping up of such treasures.

In 1942 he visited Majdanek concentration camp several times, and after each visit he was nervous and overwrought. Wippern also participated in Aktion Reinhard planning meetings which he recalled after the war:

“Furthermore, I remember that I had repeatedly participated at meetings at the office of SS and Police leader Lublin, Odilo Globocnik. I remember for sure that Wirth had also attended those meetings several times. There were at times office leader conferences, where all office leaders of the SS and police took part.

The subjects of the official conference topic discussions I do not remember in particular, but mostly they dealt with general garrison or security matters. Special topics were always discussed in closed circles, because they were subject to official secrecy and also could not be of interest to other departments. I can say here with certainty that at the department leader meetings, where I was present, questions regarding Aktion Reinhard were not dealt with. That applies especially to internal matters.”

The sorting depot at the Old Airfield Camp at Chelmska Street was used as the central clearing depot for the substantial quantities of clothing from the Jewish victims of the Aktion Reinhard death camps, was also under Wippern’s administration.

Wippern was also ordered by Odilo Globocnik to equip the Belzec and Sobibor death camps personnel with uniforms. Wippern stated that:

Lublin Hangers Airfield

“The SSPF Globocnik had already requested from me the fitting out of 40 men who had come from the Reich. At that time nothing had been said about the Jewish resettlement. Globocnik ordered me to fit out these men. They were an SS-Sonderkommando sent from Berlin.”

****After the war Wippern was employed as a lower grade civil servant. Together with his family they moved often and lived in a number of different towns such as Saarbrucken, Hannover, Aachen, Bad Durrheim, Homburg(Jagerburg) and Bonn.

German investigators questioned him after the war, but no proceedings were commenced and he was never brought to trial. This may have been employed solely as an administrative chief. So a view could be formed that Wippern was a “desk bound” offender.

In spring 26 May 1993 [corrected. The owner of that blog has the wrong death date], souce: de.wikipedia

——-

Odilo Globocnik (dead 1945) from de.wikipedia,

rather than the now dangerous for him Trieste in Cividale del Friuli resided during the last months of the war.

**From here he joined also the withdrawal over the Plöckenpass. On 4 May 1945, Globocnik in Kötschach-Mauthen gave a through restraint speech to the “final victory”, in which he tied on to the events of the year 1915: “No cause for concern unless there”, there were around “sufficient troops on the way”, which “to remain British as succeeded even in 1915 against the Italians”.

Afterwards, he left the Gailtal Valley in the direction of Klagenfurt. From there, he took refuge on the Möslacher mountain pasture in the area of Weissensee Lake, where he met Friedrich Rainer, Ernst Lerch, Georg Michalsen and Hermann Höfle.

The Group would have to be brought to Italy. This should occur but no longer. In the morning of 31 May 1945, the Group Rainer/Globocnik by a British command was arrested and taken to city. There, Odilo Globocnik poisoned himself at 11.30 pm after the first interrogation with potassium cyanide.

http://www.fold3.com/page/285925090_procecuting_nazi_war_criminals/

Soerem Kam still alive in Germany.

While many of Denmark’s Jews were able to flee the Holocaust to Sweden, others were not so lucky, and hundreds were deported to Terezi­n, in what is now the Czech Republic, en route to Auschwitz and other death camps.

“Not all the Danish Jews were rescued,” said Dr Zuroff. “Five hundred were sent to the Theresienstadt concentration camp and dozens died there due to the awful conditions.”

——

other names found:

Hermann Dolp (?)

Ernst Otto Emil Zörner (* 27. Juni 1895 in Nordhausen; seit 1945 verschollen, 1960 declared dead) was a German businessman, Nazi politician, president of the Brunswick State Parliament, Member of the Reichstag, Lord Mayor of Dresden and the Governor General of the Lublin district. (In which Maidanek was located).

—————————

these were the ‘men’ captured by the British

1945 in Austria:

Odilo Globocnik (dead), Georg Michalsen (d. after 1974 in prison)

Friedrich Rainer (above), Ernst Lerch (d. 1997),

Hermann Höfle (suicide, 1962),

Karl Hellesberger, Hugo Herzog and Friedrich Plöb (Ploeb).

[I could find no info on these last nazis)

http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/michalsen.html

from left to right: Kurt Daluege, Exzellenz Palma, Dollmann

Eugen Dollmann (* 8. August 1900 in Regensburg; † 17. May 1985 in Munich) was a German Diplomat member of the SS.[1][2]

 

He was living at the Piazza di Spagna where he worked as interpreter. There he met Heinrich Himmler who introduced him with Karl Wolff. In 1934 Dollmanns become Italienkorrespondent of the Münchner Neueste Nachrichten. In 1935 he become Chief of the NSDAP/AO Press office in Italy. In 1937 he become Oberst of the Schutzstaffel.

Diplomatic career

In 1939 was appointed German Ambassador to the Holy See.[citation needed] He helped Virginia Agnelli escape from detention and was with her help able to arrange a meeting between the SS General Wolff and Pope Pius XII to negotiate the peaceful German evacaution of Rome. Later he as Befehlshaber der Polizei was Adjutant of Karl Wolff in a villa on the Lake Garda. On 20 July 1944 Dollmann was official interpreter at the meeting of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, at the Wolfsschanze, immediately after The 20 July plot.

———-

from German trans: 8 May 1945, Dollmann was protected from a criminal prosecution of his involvement in war crimes. Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster in Milan, with whom he had discussed efforts of the German Empire after a separate dawn operation. Schuster hid Dollmann in a mental institution in Laveno-Mombello.

Dollmann formed the basis for the character of Capitan Bergmann in the film, “Rome, Open City” by Roberto Rossellini. In 1946, Dollmann returned to Rome, was detected in a movie theater and accompanied by James Jesus Angleton of the CIA to Bern to see Allen Welsh Dulles. In 1952, Dollmann was expelled on the grounds to have have a homosexual relationship with a Swiss official, from the Switzerland to Italy. Padre Parini helped him transfer to Spain, where he was employed by Otto Skorzeny in Donostia in the arms trade.

An Italian Intelligence Agency travel documents were issued for Dollmann. Carlo Rocchi was a confidence man of the CIA in Milan. With these, Dollmann traveled into the Federal Republic of Germany. Dollman was held for one month for Passport offences in custody. In Munich, he stayed at the Blue House at the back of the Munich Kammerspiele hotel boarding house.

He translated the synchronization template of La Dolce Vita by Federico Fellini. Gianfranco Bianchi presided as his executor. [trans. from German].3. deutsche wikipedia, Eugen Dollmann

END of page

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