Broken into 2 pages. NEW: More info added on the bottom of the page; on Natzweiler-Struthof, and the Ahnenerbe
During the trial in Poland: acquitted in 1979 for lack of evidence: Rosy Suesse, Charlotte Mayer, Hermine Böttcher and the camp doctor Heinrich Schmidt , same as:
Dr Ernst Heinrich Schmidt (* 27 March 1912 in Altenburg , † 28 November 2000 in Celle ) was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer and as a camp doctor in the concentration camps used. He should be on another page.
Wilhelm Schitli (Born 26 June 1912 in Osnabrück; † 31 March 1945 (missing)) was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer and protective custody camp leaders in the Neuengamme concentration camp.After the setting of this project, he was employed from October 1942 as Commander of the “Jewish camp” at the SS training area Heidelager in Dębica (Poland) and remained on this post until September 1943. Then came his transfer to the higher SS and police leader Ostland to Riga. Schitli is considered missing since March 31, 1945.
Max Sollmann b 1904=?
and SS-Oberführer Dr. Gregor Ebner.
both were tried, but freed early. Ebner died in 1974.
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=46&t=72929&start=0 Thousands of children were transferred to the Lebensborn centers in order to be “Germanized.” Up to 100,000 children may have been stolen from Poland alone. In these centers, everything was done to force the children to reject and forget their birth parents. As an example, the SS nurses tried to persuade the children that they were deliberately abandoned by their parents. The children who refused the Nazi education were often beaten. Most of them were finally transferred to concentration camps (most of the time to Kalish in Poland) and exterminated. The others were adopted by SS families.
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute and National Socialist Propaganda Anthropobiology was used to support stereotyped views of Gypsies, Jews, Blacks, the mentally ill, and physically handicapped people. Anthropobiology utilized anthropometry: the measurement and recording of “metrics” (different physical or mental factors) which could then be used to classify people by race or value. To create reproducible anthropometric results, Hermann Werner Siemens developed a technique called “polysymptomatic similarity diagnosis “. This was initially associated with twin research, as such measurements would only be of value if they were understood to be inheritable and independent of the environment. Stellae of characteristics measured by anthropometry were grouped into distinct stereotypes. For example, “Jews” had a particular type of nose; “Blacks” had kinky hair; “Gypsies” were always criminals; etc. However, the work done at the KWI-A used as criteria to identify races, such as:
Erwin von Helmersen (born November 4, 1914 in Bremen; † April 12, 1949 in Kraków) was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer (1944) and used as a camp doctor in the concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.]After completing his schooling in the 1930s, Erwin von Helmersen studied medicine at the University of Bonn. in 1933, he joined the SA and the NSDAP (membership number. 4.194.453) 1937. In the Nazi Student Union, he worked in the Office for political education and became its Director. He performed his standing before the military service obligation to work probably from the mid-1930s for the Reichsarbeitsdienst. The SS (membership number 372.240) he joined in 1940. After the outbreak of the second world war he was employed as a physician at the 301 infantry regiment and the 3rd medical battalion in Berlin. From December 1942, he served in the SS hospital in Berlin-Lichterfelde and was PhD student at Fritz Lenz at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for anthropology, human heritage and eugenics (KWI-A) in Berlin-Dahlem. With the dissertation: The offspring of an Armenian family in a German settlement village in Bukovina doctorate Helmersen in August 1943. From August 1943 until October 1944 was by Helmersen as camp physician in the concentration camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau where he worked among other things in the “gypsy camp”. Helmersen participated in Auschwitz-Birkenau on selections of sick prisoners for the gas chamber and the sterilization experiments by Carl Clauberg. After October 1944 he should have been put up at the SS Parachute Battalion 500 and in the SS hospital in Prague.After the war was arrested by Helmersen, sentenced to death by the District Court in Krakow on January 17, 1949 and executed on 12 April 1949.
Wolfgang Abel. In the same year Abel was in addition to his work at the KWI lecturer in anthropology, as well as Deputy Head of the Department of racial hygiene of the German High School for Politics .After joining the SS in 1935, he worked as an expert for the race and settlement main office (RuSHA) of the SS and as Chief Appraiser for the Imperial Family Office. At the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Wolfgang Abel rose in 1940 to the head of Department of Ethnography. In July 1941, he was appointed extraordinary Professor. Previously already Assistant of Eugenics to Eugen Fischer, he was from 1943 to 1945 his successor to the Chair of professorship in the University of Berlin. At the same time, he worked at this time for the high command of the German Army (OKH). In the framework of the General Plan East, Abel worked out a plan for a “progressive elimination” of the “Russian race’ with which he wanted all “Russian Nordic types”Germanize and deport the rest to Siberia in May 1942.
00.1944: During a food shortage he solved the problem by gassing 4,000 women each night for ten nights. He also carried out electric shock endurance tests on women and girls at Birkenau and the slave labour camp in Monowitz. Before the New Year Festival he selected Jewish children in B2D and sent them to be gassed. 02.1944: Recommended for the War Service Cross by Dr. Wirths for “combating a severe typhoid infection though he was infected himself with a very heavy typhus”.
The internist Otto- Hans Kahler as an army doctor, Mengele knew as colleagues at the Frankfurt Institute under Verschuer worked here. By Kahlers intercession, Mengele received permission to close the hospital in Wehrmacht uniform on May 2, 1945.
02.05.1945: Found himself in Saaz and attached himself to Field Hospital 2/591 where he met his old friend Dr. Hans Otto Kahler. He struck up a friendship with a nurse and entrusted to her care his research notes from Auschwitz.
Genetics was studied at the KWI-A in Dahlem, where a “Erbbiologische Central”collection was maintained.
Hans Grebe d. 1999 and Wolfgang Abel d. 1997 were the specialists in these areas at the KWI-A.
the Institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene in Frankfurt, also was used by Mengele and others.
Hans Werner Eduard Grebe (born August 25, 1913 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany; died December 22, 1999, Frankenberg (Eder)) was a German physician, geneticist and physician. May he worked on preparations, sent his former colleague Josef Mengele in Auschwitz concentration camp. 1944 Grebe was appointed professors NAZI Germany as one of the youngest to a Chair for Erbbiologie and racial hygiene at the University of Rostock. After the second world war, he became one of the most prominent German physicians.The son of a teacher attended the Realgymnasium “Model school” in Frankfurt am Main and became a member in Frankfurt turn- und Sportgemeinde “Eintracht” as a student. After graduating in 1931, he studied sports and medicine in Berlin. in 1934, he received the teaching of sports and body medicine. in 1936, he completed the medical exam.Garcia had joined early national socialism. in 1931 he joined 1937 the NSDÄB and the German Sports Medical Association the NAZI Student Union, in April 1933, the NSDAP (membership number 1.808.677) and SA (member of Sanitätssturms). In 1933, he was military sports guide of the medical faculty of the University of Frankfurt. 1934-35 he served with voluntary military service.Garcia made a steep career. After his doctorate with a dissertation on hereditary blindness when Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, he became an Assistant at the pathological Institute of the University of Frankfurt, and in the inner section of the Horst-Wessel Berlin hospital under Heinrich Otto lime.
In 1937, he became Assistant to Verschuer at the Institute for Erbbiologie and eugenics of the University of Frankfurt am Main. Like his colleagues, also he made racial and ethnicity reports within the framework of the NAZI racial laws.Grebe was drafted into the Wehrmacht in September 1939. As Mengele in the infantry, he participated in the invasion of France and was awarded the iron cross I and II class. in 1942, he was dismissed after a serious injury sustained in Russia as unfit. Again, he became Assistant of Verschuers, now at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for anthropology, human heritage and eugenics (KWI-A) in Berlin-Dahlem and Professor of eugenics.Grebe habilitation in 1942 on the hereditary conditionality of Chrondrodysplasie (stature). In 1938, he had begun his research with circular letter to the German health authorities. He sought out the reported diminutive people and their families personally and took clinical and radiographic examinations. Those affected were sometimes fierce resistance to the investigations, which sometimes had to be enforced by a procedure according to the law for the prevention of hereditarily diseased offspring. It corresponded to its results, Garcia spoke out against sterilizations also. Overall, he attended 118 families and collected a total of 9,350 people clan signs. The manuscript could be published due to the war until 1956, but largely unchanged.At the KWI-A, Garcia played a key role in the area of heritage pathology. A new emphasis on the KWI-A for differential diagnosis of congenital malformations was created by him. Garcia may have worked with preparations from concentration camps. Prisoners with bone deformations and limb abnormalities were murdered in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp, Garcia worked since September 1943 in Auffangstelle of the KWI-A “House on the Lake” in Beetz, not far from Sachsenhausen. Also an other former Assistant of Verschuers sent Josef Mengele, preparations of dwarf from the concentration camp Auschwitz to Berlin at the KWI-A.More research of grebes dealt with the “racial hygiene”, the heritability of stillbirths and the hereditary disposition to the cardiac arrest. With Hans Nachtsheim he edited a genetic dictionary up to the print-ready. Proofs were still at Thieme publishers after the war, but the Soviet military Government refused a Druckgenehmigung.In October 1944, Grebe was appointed as staff, Associate Professor and Director of the new “Institute of Erbbiologie and racial hygiene” at the University of Rostock. Still 1944/45 he was Gau lecturer guide here.Internist and sports physician In the summer of 1945, Grebe is settled as a physician in Frankenberg. In Denazification proceedings, he was classified by the local Chambers in 1948 as relieved. Although he held a professorship in Genetics at the University of Marburg from 1952 to 1972. He distinguished himself mainly as a physician. in 1949 he belonged to the founders of the sports medical Federation Hessen, was its Secretary and Chairman from 1954 to 1974. in 1955, he became member of the “International Council for sport and physical education” of the UNESCO. in 1957 he was chosen as President of the German Association of sports physician
In another research project of the KWI-A Berlin Mengele worked officially in his role as camp doctor at Auschwitz. Biochemist Emil Abderhalden had turned in 1940 to Verschuer, because he needed the blood of twins to check the “Abderhalden reaction named after him” on identical twins. Abderhalden asserted here, that certain reactions of the immune system is stimulated the production of each specific proteases. Due to the detection of such enzymes in the blood – Abderhalden called it “Defensive enzymes” – the detection of diseases such as mental illness or cancer through blood tests should be possible. Abderhalden but also believed that racial characteristics were included in the proteins of the tissue and blood.These thoughts Verschuer took up and developed a research project it to the inheritance of “specific Eiweißkörper”, from which he obviously hoped to, to be able to develop a blood test for the determination of human race. In an interim report of the KWI-A at the German Research Foundation, which funded the project, Verschuer explained that his assistant inserted as a camp doctor in AUSCHWITZ Mengele was entered as employees in this branch. “With the permission of the Reichsführer-SS be conducted anthropological studies of the various racial groups in this concentration camp and sent the blood samples to my laboratory for processing.” Also, the biochemist Günther Hillmann was included in the project, was established as a specialist for protein research by the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biochemistry under Adolf Butenandt. Verschuer spoke in this context of 200 studied blood samples from family members of different “races” which substrates are made.Benno Müller-Hill molecular biologist has brought these blood tests in conjunction with another research project on the KWI-A, namely to the breed specificity of tuberculosis, edited by Karl Diehl.
Therefore, Mengele had infected targeted “Gypsy”-Zwillinge and Jews with tuberculosis and typhus to remove blood for studies in Dahlem then them. This was contents of Günther of Hanna tests because it was hoping to develop a therapy on a molecular basis. His thesis coincidences between the research projects and by external circumstances, what already is known about Mengele’s experiments, verified.In contrast, however, the historian Achim Trunk has asserted a different reconstruction. Therefore, the tuberculosis research and projects of the protein bodies were in fact separated and not linked. Instead it had Verschuer especially to the “statement of race specificity of proteins”, so a serological test of the race. The subjects at Auschwitz were investigated race-anthropological and blood taken. From a person’s blood was in Dahlem plasma substrate and injected rabbit to observe suspected “defensive enzymes”. Hans-Walter Schmuhl cited in this context a letter of Verschuers on Diehl of 1944, by which he clearly proved sees trunks reconstruction. What mattered was not about, against tuberculosis and other infectious diseases in the Mengele by to prove “Defensive enzymes” collected blood samples, but the handling of specimens to substrates should be implemented through defence enzymes produced in rabbits.Suckering In addition to his interest in twins is reported also by paying special attention to Mengele gave diminutive people and those with congenital disabilities. source: Wikipedia,
Emil Abderhalden, wiki. “In another research project of the KWI-A Berlin Mengele worked officially in his role as camp doctor at Auschwitz. Biochemist Emil Abderhalden had turned in 1940 to Verschuer, because he needed the blood of twins to check the “Abderhalden reaction named after him” on identical twins. Abderhalden asserted here, that certain reactions of the immune system are stimulated by the production of each specific proteases. Due to the detection of such enzymes in the blood – Abderhalden called it “Defensive enzymes” – the detection of diseases such as mental illness or cancer through blood tests should be possible. Abderhalden also believed that racial characteristics were included in the proteins of the tissue and blood. These suggestions were taken up by Verschuer and developed into a research project on the inheritance of “specific white type bodies”, from which he obviously hoped to, to be able to develop a blood test for the determination of human race. In an interim report of the KWI-A at the German Research Foundation, which funded the project, Verschuer explained that his assistant was posted as a camp doctor in AUSCHWITZ, Dr Mengele, who was entered as an employee in this branch. “With the permission of the Reichsführer-SS be conducted anthropological studies of the various racial groups in this concentration camp and sent the blood samples to my laboratory for processing.” Also, the biochemist Günther Hillmann was included in the project, was established as a specialist for protein research by the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biochemistry under Adolf Butenandt. Verschuer spoke in this context of 200 studied blood samples from family members of different “races” which substrates are made of.” (trans. from German) Despite of his theorie
Günther Hillmann (born April 15, 1919 in Ludwigslust; died May 8, 1975 in Nuremberg) was a German biochemist. During World War II he worked on a research project, to the concentration camp doctor Josef Mengele supplied blood samples from the Auschwitz concentration camp. After the war, he directed the Chemical Institute of the Krankenstalten of Nuremberg.Table of contents[Hide] 1 early life2 Publications3 Web links4 LiteratureLife From 1937 to 1941, Hancock studied chemistry at the Technical University of Gdansk. Then, he worked two years in the chemical Department of the pathological Institute of the Charité in Berlin with Karl Hinsberg on his thesis. While he researched on the question whether or how cancer biochemically modified the blood serum. Background of this project is Fritz of Kajtazovic and Emil Abderhaldens theory of “defensive enzymes” were the cancer theory was sensational. The goal was an enzymatic diagnosis of cancer using a serum.Hancock should accompany Hinsberg 1943 actually at the Central Institute for cancer research as this was appointed poses at the University. He threw himself but also personally with Hinsberg and received the opportunity to work with a fellowship from the DFG as a guest at Adolf Butenandt at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biochemistry (KWI-B) on the recommendation of the former DFG President Rudolf Mentzel. Butenandt came to appreciate his new staff soon, accepted him as doctoral students and tried to keep him at the Institute.Mediation Butenandts Hancock worked as a biochemical expert on a research project of Otmar von Verschuers, also based on the Abderhalden’schen method and Verschuer one of the serological determination of racial affiliation, i.e. a kind of racial blood test had hoped. Verschuers Assistant Josef Mengele worked in the DFG project “Specific Eiweißkörper”, who conducted anthropological studies of “different racial groups” in his role as camp doctor of Auschwitz concentration camp and sent about 200 blood samples to the Berlin laboratory for processing.
The American historian Robert Proctor according to Nobel Prize winner and future President of the Max Planck Society Butenandt by Hillmann was informed in the context of the project.As the Berlin KWI-B under Butenandt war was essentially outsourced to Tübingen, Hancock acted quasi as bridgehead of Butenandts in Berlin. Also about the end of the war, Hancock remained faithful to the Institute. He received his doctorate in 1947 at the Technische Universität Berlin (via the Division of racemic amino acids in the optical Antipodes in conjunction with the peptide synthesis). In 1949, he took over the management of the laboratory of the medical clinic in Tübingen. Here he habilitated in 1956 and was appointed Adjunct Professor in 1962. 1963 he was one of the few laboratories of this kind at community hospitals to Nuremberg, where he was the head of the Chemical Institute of urban hospitals until his death. He was one of the founders of the German society for clinical chemistry on April 22, 1964, and was elected its first President
Alfons Bentele (born August 2, 1899 in Isenbrelzhofen, date of death unknown) was a Nazi, one of the officers serving in the German concentration camps and SS-Hauptsturmführer.
With the occupation of the pastry chef. From 1 June 1918 to 1 March 1919 he served in Germany German army. A member of the NAZI PARTY from 1 March 1930 (no party ID 210411) and SS from 1 June 1930 (identification no 2043). In September 1934, began service in the administration of the camp at Dachau, where he directed, among others, the Economic Department. March 1, 1935 , he was transferred to the staff of Reichsführera-SS, and SS-Totenkopf units to training camp at Dachau. From November 8, 1936 to July 5, 1937 was the officer of the Administrative Office of the SS.
12 July 1938 assigned him to the camp at Mauthausen, where he was head of the Department responsible for the management of the premises and warehouses. From 1 September 1941 to May 28, 1942, he headed the Administration in the camp of Majdanek. The same position he held in the camps Arbeitsdorf (29 May-15 September 1942) and Neuengamme (16 September 1942-16 March 1943). He returned then to the Mauthausen camp, where he was the Commandant of subcamps of Ebensee (March 1944) and Schlieren (to 3 may 1945).
He died in a French POW camp. He belonged to the Organization of the Lebensborn society.
Dr Hans Otto Kahler: He was Dr Joseph Mengele’s former colleague at the Institute of Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene in Nazi Germany.
Paul Otto Radomski (born 21 September 1902 – date of death unknown) was a Nazi SS officer and concentration camp commander. Babi Yar. No death date.
Dr Hans Karl Schumacher b 12.6.07 (SS Nr 306629 Party Nr 2880022 Sbf 9.11,43)
Major Besser ..?
Kuno Callsen (* 19. Oktober 1911 in Wilster in Schleswig-Holstein; † unbekannt) war deutscher SS-Sturmbannführer (1944) und maßgeblich an den Massenmorden in Babyn Jar beteiligt. Babi Yar, Ukraine.
Heinrich Anton Wolf, genannt Heinz Wolf (* 3. März 1908 in Limburg an der Lahn; † 1. Oktober 1984 ebenda
The author Dieter Schenk describes the role of Heinrich Anton Wolf in the Gdańsk judiciary as follows: “Wolf was Prosecutor in Gdansk from December 1939 until July 1944, represented the Attorney General…, was Senate Danzig of the Dr Bajwa but above all as a Prosecutor before the Special Court of Danzig and the OLG. “He was, as well as bode, responsible for numerous blood and disposition decisions.” To the desired mass destruction of the Polish “intelligentsia”, as well as the population was implemented in the entire Danzig judiciary, granting to the terror of the Einsatzgruppen of SIPO and SD, through systematic subornation. The brutal, the breed obsession with the NAZI ideology-induced procedure against Poland shows especially in the actions of the Nazi party Gauleiter of Danzig-West Prussia, to be able to sign Albert Forster, the primary aim of which was his Gau district as soon as possible as “free Poland”.
Max Wilhelm Kimmich d. 1980 In February 1938, he was also married with Maria, the youngest sister of propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels.
Heinrich Wolff (Diplomat) (1881–1946), deutscher Diplomat to Palestine? Listed on another page.
Doctor Karl Wimmer d. 1946, and the anatomist Anton Kiesselbach d. 1984 assisted Dr. Hirt, Natzweiler-Struthof
Wolf Dietrich Wolff, b. 1913? Associate of Dr. Hirt.
Johannes Otto, Dachau. No info.
Commandant Josef Kramer is the only Nazi at Natzweiler to have been executed for his crimes.
http://www.fold3.com/page/286019621_natzweilerstruthof/ 87 Jews were selected by nazis including Bruno Beger (ahnenerbe) for gassing and autopsy at Natzweiler-Struthof. Dr Hirt was in charge of making a collection of Jewish ‘racial types.’
Sievers and Brandt were found guilty of this charge of murdering Jews, for the constitution of a skeleton collection at Strasbourg, by the Allied Military Tribunal in Nuremberg and were hanged.
Bruno Beger: In 1974 he was convicted by a German court as an accessory to 86 murders for his part in procuring and preparing the victims of the Jewish skeleton collection at Auschwitz concentration camp. He was sentenced to 3 years imprisonment, the minimum sentence, **but did not serve any time in prison. He died in 2009~! a free man. According to his family, Beger died in Königstein/Taunus on October 12, 2009. source: Wiki.
Hans Fleischhacker (10 March 1912 in Töttleben, Erfurt – 1992) was a German anthropologist with the Ahnenerbe and a Schutzstaffel Obersturmführer. After studying at the University of Jena and the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Fleischhacker went to work at the Institute of Racial Research in Tübingen in 1937, joining the SS at the same time. In 1940 he also joined both the Nazi Party and the Waffen-SS. Before long Fleischhacker saw service with the SS-Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt. Following the invasion of Poland he was sent to Litzmannstadt as part of this group in order to perform measurements on ethnic Germans and determine whether they were suitable for resettlement programmes in the east or simply for forced labour. His main base of operations was at Łódź. In 1942 Fleischhacker was, along with Heinrich Rübel, chosen by Bruno Beger to work with him in an SS project to determine the racial type applicable to the Mountain Jews of the Caucasus, a group that did not readily fit the Nazi’s existing ethnic paradigms. Fleischhacker was chosen for this task due to a thesis he was preparing at the time dealing with skin colour amongst Jews. The following year he worked again with Beger, this time at Auschwitz concentration camp where again his duty was to measure physical features of the inmates in order to determine to which race they belonged. After the Second World War Fleischhacker was held in various internment camps until appearing before the board of arbitration in 1948, where he was designated Mitläufer – not a fully committed Nazi but one who nonetheless went along with Nazism. He was able to return to anthropological research at the Goethe University Frankfurt in November 1950 and subsequently also worked as a researcher and lecturer at the University of El Salvador, Tübingen Anthropology Institute and back at Frankfurt until 1968. Along with Beger and Wolf-Dietrich Wolff, Fleischhacker came under investigation for his time at Auschwitz. A case was not brought against the men until 1970. Ultimately the case against him was dismissed the following year as there was insufficient evidence to prove that he knew he was involved in extermination and only Beger was convicted.
Untstu Heinrich Wicker. On July 1, 1944, Heinrich Wicker was transferred to KZ Natzweiler-Struthof, a concentration camp in Alsace, which at that time was in the Greater German Reich. He was an administrator in the camp with the grade of SS-Untersturmführer. Added to wiki, Dachau. two anthropologists, who were both members of the SS, Dr. Hans Fleischhacker and Bruno Beger,
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