nazi police; uckermark; more on nazis

RESISTANCE TO NAZISM: Selahattin Ulkumen, who saved over two hundred Jews from deportation to the Auschwitz death camp, will be honored with the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s Humanitarian Award at its community-wide Yom Hashoah commemoration which will be convened at the Museum of Tolerance on Sunday, April 30


In early 1942, a Silesian monk, Fr. Karl Golda, from a nearby  monastery, was arrested by the Gestapo for compiling details on  conditions in Auschwitz. He was himself sent to the camp and died there  on May 14, 1942, presumably put to death by the camp authorities:  Berichte des SD und der Gestapo Rber Kirchen und Kirchenvolk in  Deutschland, 1934-1944, ed. H. Boberach (Mainz, 1971), 633.

NEW: A Few more names found
SS Aufseherin

Ulla Jürß August 2, 1923~ Ulla Erna Frieda Jürß
(b. August 2, 1923, Rabenhorst, Germany) was a female Nazi and aconcentration camp guard. It is unclear in her file when Jürß became a camp guard (estimated between 1942 and 1944).

She went to Ravensbrück concentration camp where she was trained as an Aufseherin and served in several capacities. Convicted.
Margarete Freinberger was an SS supervising wardress in two concentration camps during the last two years of World War II.
born on June 11, 1919 in Grieskirchen , Austria. In September 1944, she was called to serve in the newly-opened women’s section at the Mauthausen camp in Austria. Immediately, Margarete impressed her superiors with her cruelty, and she was promoted to chief wardress (Oberaufseherin). In November 1944, Margarete became second in charge of 500 women prisoners at the Lenzing subcamp, located close to Mauthausen. There she continued her abuse and cruelty. As the Americans swept through Austria she fled Lenzing. She was never prosecuted for her crimes in the Mauthausen and Lenzing camps.

Jane Bernigau (born October 5, 1908, Sagan; date of death unknown) was a German senior overseer at several Nazi concentration camps from 1938 to 1945. She belonged to the so-called SS retinue.Berni Gau was by professional care educator. At the age of 31, she auditioned as a guard in a concentration camp.[1] Berni Gau 1938 recorded their service at the Lichtenburg concentration camp. in 1940 she was reassigned temporarily to train to the Mauthausen concentration camp.[2] Later followed their progression to the Ravensbrück concentration camp. There, she trained women to Aufseherinnen.[3] From 1944 Berni au was employed in the Groß Rosen concentration camp, where she served as senior overseer for the leadership of the women subcamp [4] and she was awarded a merit. In September 1944, she moved to the concentration camp of Mauthausen and worked also in the St. Lamprecht subcamp, where she abused prisoners [5]. At the approach of allied forces, she fled from the camp. She was never arrested or taken for their actions to the responsibility. BerniGau was however after the war several times interrogated, so in 1969 and 1976 [6]

Erna Rose February 20, 1908~ was an SS supervisor at the Ravensbrück concentration camp near Berlin.
Born on February 20, 1908 in Ibbenbüren , Germany as Erna Hermann. The middle aged woman joined the command staff at Ravensbrück sometime before 1944. As an Oberaufseherin, Erna had endless power under the male commandant to command her SS Aufseherinnen their position each day and oversee the prisoners camp. Her assistant was Dorothea Binz and her only superiors were the commandant, Lagerführerin and Chef Oberaufseherin. After the war Erna was never captured, or prosecuted for her crimes.

Else Grabner March 10, 1908~ was chief of the Ravensbruck concentration camp in 1944.
Born in Strela, Germany on March 10, 1908, Else became an Aufseherin in 1944 at Ravensbruck, a female concentration camp near Berlin. Because the commandant took a liking to her from the start, Else was promoted to head of the camp as a Oberaufseherin (Chief Wardress), then Lagerleiterin (Camp Leader).

Her power over the camp was absolute, and she had only one supervisor, the commandant. Else commanded the camp threw mass executions and disease epedemics. She also commanded the over 60,000 women and children inmates, as well as over 1,000 female guards. Immediately under her were the Oberaufseherinnen, and her assistant was Dorothea Binz. Else served in her position until the camp was evacuated. Else then fled and went back to her family in Strehla. She has never been prosecuted for the 92,000 deaths that took place in Ravensbruck.

Anna Fest 1920 was a little known member of the Nazi Regime.
Anna Fest was born sometime in 1920 in Sonnenfeld , Germany. In 1944 she began her training as an Aufseherin in Ravensbruck. In November 1944, Anna was one of the few guards who was selected to serve at the Allendorf subcamp of Buchenwald, near Leipzig, Germany. Soon after, Anna Fest was assigned to the Soemmerda subcamp of Buchenwald.

She fled there in April 1945. In 1947, a US War Crimes Tribunal placed Anna Fest on trial for crimes in the three camps. She was later acquitted of all charges and released. She later wrote a portion of the book, “Frauen: German Women Recall the Third Reich.”

Dr. Robert Neumann, KZ Buch. & KZ Auschwitz

Robert NEUMANN Born: 21 August 1902 1st Doctor at Auschwitz
Neuman was a doctor at Buchenwald who experimented on people by vivisecting them and cutting pieces out of their livers. (misspeled as Neuman).

Wikipedia:Articles for creation/Hans Otto Kahler

Franz Wachter (born December 3, 1902, German shooters – 5 June 1992 –) was an Austrian farmer and from 1949 to 1953, Member of the Landtag of Burgenland for the ÖVP. He was married.Wachter was born as the son of a farmer and businessman Josef Wachter. He attended the Volksschule in German shooters and then worked as a farmer. Wachter collaborated also in the parental, agricultural business and was indispensable in the second world war. Most recently, Wachter was inserted in the Volkssturm.Wachter joined the Austrian people’s Party in 1945 and was involved in the construction of the Austrian people’s Party in the District of Oberwart. He was the local Party Chairman of the ÖVP peasant Confederation and from 1954 until 1967 Mayor of German shooters. in 1966, he was appointed to the Ökonomierat. Wachter took the Austrian people’s Party of November 4, 1949 until March 19, 1953, in the Parliament, his brother Felix Wachter was also a politician.

Dr. Friedrich  Riese (born July 13, 1895 in Berlin; † December 30, 1966 in White Mountain in Bavaria) was a German crime Director and SS leader.After school and studying law, the he with the degree of Dr. Jur. graduated, joined the police service.In the time of national socialism, he was a member of the SS and in 1939 was promoted to SS-Sturmbannführer. In the years 1940 and 1941, giant V (“crime – Reich Criminal Police Bureau”) of the Reich Security main office was SS-Sturmbannführer and Governing Council head of Department V A 2 (“prevention”) Division V A (“criminal policy and prevention”) within the Office group.From September 19, 1942 to February 1945, giant led the criminal police headquarters in Nuremberg as 1954, Riese was retired for reasons of age.

tremendous page on Walter Rauff and the crimes of the KTI, criminal technical institute of the police.

Bernhard Wehner (Born 15 December 1909 in Gera– 31 December 1995 in Düsseldorf, also Bernd Wehner) was a German crime Council, SS-Hauptsturmführer and in post-war criminologist and writer for der Spiegel . Worked for Arthur Nebe. Tried to diminish crimes of criminal police.

Walter Zirpins was mentioned as a former head of the criminal police in Lodz. d. 1976, in Germany.

General Eduard Wagner in 1939

In May 1941, he drew up the regulations with Reinhard Heydrich that ensured that the Army and Einsatzgruppen would co-operate with murdering Soviet Jews.[3]

Wilhelm Schitli (Born 26 June 1912 in Osnabrück; † 31 March 1945 (missing)) was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer and protective custody camp leaders in the Neuengamme concentration camp.After the founding of this project, he was employed from October 1942 as Commander of the “Jewish camp” at the SS training area Heidelager in Dębica (Poland) and remained on this post until September 1943. Then came his transfer to the higher SS and police leader Ostland to Riga.


Dr Heinz Thilo, selections at Auschwitz Birkenau. Needs more info.

The Hungarian authorities undoubtedly bear responsibility for the destruction of two-thirds of Hungarian  Jewry. Without the enthusiastic operation of the gendarmerie, the police and the public administration directed by the  government collaborating with the invaders, the Nazis would not have been able  to deport 430,000 people to Auschwitz in just a matter of weeks.  The  implementation of the anti-Jewish decrees, the ghettoisation and deportation  generally were carried out with the utmost cruelty of the authorities. The  gendarmerie treated the Jews especially brutally.

Lieutenant General Gábor Faragho, d 1953. Was in command of these deportations.

Hell’s Cartel: IG Farben and  the Making of Hitler’s War Machine [Paperback_

by Diarmuid Jeffreys


Evald Mikson (Icelandic: Eðvald Hinriksson), (12 July [O.S. 29 June] 1911, Tartu, Livonia, Russian Empire – 27 December 1993, Reykjavík, Iceland) was a goalkeeper in the Estonian national football team, winning 7 caps between 1934 and 1938. He has been accused of playing an active role in the murder of Jews in Estonia during his service as Deputy Chief of the Estonian Sicherheitspolizei in the Tallinn-Harju district during World War II.[1]Boss of Harry Manill

Professor David Cesarani, author of Justice Delayed, a book that explains how the UK came to grant citizenship to numerous Nazi collaborators from Eastern Europe in the post-war years, says both Britain and the US knowingly recruited war criminals to fight the Cold War.

Recently declassified US documents show US intelligence often hunted Nazi war criminals in order to use them, rather than to bring them to justice, he says.

Erich Steidtmann (November 15, 1914 – July 25, 2010) was a Nazi SS officer believed to have been involved in the liquidation of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the largest single revolt by the Jews during the Holocaust, the bulk of which occurred from April 19 until May 16, 1943, ending when the resistance was crushed by German troops under the direct command of Jürgen Stroop. Efforts were being undertaken by German prosecutors in the months before his death to prosecute Steidtmann for his involvement in war crimes.

SS-Hauptsturmführer Ernst Möhs  or Moes? (1898-1945)was Eichmann’s liaison-officer in Theresienstadt. At least 33-35,000 Jews are known to have died in Theresienstadt. Some were sent to die in Maly Trostinets.

Dr Georg Norin  d. 1967. Auschwitz

Heinrich Jöckel (born July 10, 1898 in Offenbach am Main, Germany; died October 26, 1946 in Litoměřice, Czechoslovakia (executed)) was a German SS-Hauptsturmführer, Commander of the 1st company of the SS Wachbataillons in Bohemia and Moravia and from 1940 to 1945 Commander of the Gestapo jail small fortress Terezin

Weibliche Polizei beteiligte sich nun nachweislich an der sogenannten Bereitstellung von Judentransporten, wie auch an der Errichtung nationalsozialistischer Jugendheime in überfallenen Gebieten, zum Beispiel in Polen und Lettland.

The so-called deployment of Jewish transports, or der sogenannten bereitstellung von Juden traporten

Office V (crime – Kripo) Chief SS-Brigadeführer and major General of police Arthur Nebe, from August 15, 1944,

SS – Obersturmbannführer and Oberregierungsrat Friedrich Panzinger

V A (criminal policy and prevention): SS-Standartenführer Paul Werner

V A 1 (legal issues, international cooperation and criminal research): State Councillor and crime Council, Dr. Franz Wächter*above

V A 2 (prevention): SS-Sturmbannführer and cantonal Councillor Dr. Friedrich Riese *above

V A 3 (female police): forensic Director ***Friederike Wieking (female police)/

Horst Stanek, b. 1924, Austria SS-Rottenführer (Corporal) Unit: Fernsprecher Stab III. / SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 5 Awarded on: March 6th, 1945

might be listed at Horst Stanke,.

Hans Krause, a German soldier of the German Secret Police unit GFP 580.

More on the Aufseherin or female nazi guards:

The majority of women prisoners, however, arrived in 1944 and 1945 from other camps, mainly Auschwitz, Ravensbrück, and Bergen Belsen. Only one barrack was set aside for them; this was overseen by the female block leader (Blockführerin) Franziska Hoengesberg, who came from Essen when it was evacuated Franziska Hoengesberg (born February 6 1900), the SS guard at two concentration camps during World War II

Franziska_Hoengesberg, b. 1900.

Anna David ( Anna Davidová) 01.09.1921 in Bukovice executed 08.10.1948 in Prague-Pankrác

Johanna Braach (Born 16 may 1907 in Altenhundem; d. unknown)  Chief Secretary in the “Reich Central Office for combating the juvenile delinquency” and Deputy Head of the girl’s concentration camp Uckermark.

Erna Petermann (born 1912) was a high ranking female overseer at two Nazi concentration camps during the closing of World War II.

Little is known about Erna Petermann, other than that she trained at the men’s camp at Mittelbau-Dora sometime in 1944. The SS promoted Peterman to the rank of Lagerführerin (Female Camp Commandant) under a male commandant. Later, Peterman was transferred as Female Camp Commandant to the Gross Werther subcamp in the Harz Mountains. When Gross Werther was liberated by the Allies, Petermann fled the camp and went into hiding. Her whereabouts were not located and therefore it was not possible to question her regarding possible involvement with war crimes. Her subsequent history and post-war activities remain unknown as of 2011.

Maximilian List (February 9, 1910 – c. 1980) was an architect in Berlin who became an SS officer, involved in the operation of a number of Nazi concentration camps.     SS-Hauptsturmführer (Captain) List moved from the Neuengamme concentration camp to become the commandant of Lager Sylt, a labour camp on Alderney. He commanded SS-Baubrigade I, arriving on the island on February 23, 1943. The camp housed the foreign workers for the Organization Todt which was building fortifications on the island. List had a chalet built in the style of Adolf Hitler’s Berghof outside the camp perimeter, with an underground passage linking it with the camp. This building was later moved to another part of the island. List later took full control of another camp, Lager Norderney.   In June 1943, workers were being deported back to Neuengamme, probably to be exterminated, but fled, and a disciplinary enquiry against him took place in September 1943.[1] To avoid a repeat of this, subsequently sick workers on Alderney were killed. List left the island in March 1944, replaced by SS-Obersturmführer Georg Braun.   After World War II a court-martial case was prepared against List, citing atrocities on Alderney.[2] However, he did not stand trial, and is believed to have lived near Hamburg until his death in the 1980s.

Georg Braun, his replacement. No info.

Fritz Schwalm: Ethnography interested Schwalm, so he conducted an anthropological study of the comparison in a Bavarian village at the beginning of the 1930s. By means of this study, Schwalm wanted to determine racial characteristics with members of different religions.

On 10 March 1948, Schwalm was sentenced to ten years in prison.[4] Schwalm is crimes against humanity, war crimes and membership in a criminal organization – found guilty on all three counts. In particular his participation in the Germanisation of Polish families, resettlement actions, deportation of Polish children in the German Reich and the use of Polish civilians to forced labour have been accused.[5] Schwalm released prematurely from the Landsberg prison on February 1, 1951.[4] After that he started his own business with a laundry.[1] Schwalm kept contact with former RuSHA leaders continue, this is evidenced by an exchange of correspondence of his , from the spring of 1976.[6]

His mentor on racial issues was the staff of the anthropological Institute in Munich Bruno Kurt Schultz. Bruno Kurt Schultz (born August 3, 1901 in Sitzenberg; d. 1997) was an Austrian German SS leader, anthropologist and lecturer.

Uckermark: Toberentz was there in its ‘early years.’ Ruth Neudeck is responsible for the period of time when known murders took place there.

From December 1944 to April 1945 Toberentz was Lagerführerin (camp leader) of the Ravensbrück concentration camp.

in late March 1945, the SS transported about 5,600 female prisoners from Ravensbrück to the Mauthausen and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps. In April 1945, the SS guards force about 20,000 female prisoners, as well as most of the remaining male prisoners, on a brutal and forced evacuation on foot toward northern Mecklenberg.

NELSON, HANS. Superintendent of the Theresienstadt Ghetto, together with Neumann, Hildegard, greatly contributed to the deaths of thousands of Jews and during the first half of the year 1943 was part of the system that the German, Austrian and Czech Jews deported to the same.

Hans Nelson (* 1887) war ein deutscher Ministerialbeamter.

Nelson was active from 1919 to 1945 in the Ministry of Food and Agriculture. After the end of World War II, he worked from 1947 in the administration of Food, Agriculture and Forestry of the United Economic Area and after the founding of the Federal Republic with the rank of Ministerialdirigent in the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry. In 1953, he retired.

Annemie Huelst and Gertrud von Lonski at Neuengamme E

Euphemia von Wielen and Ellen Freifrau von Kettler at Ravensbrück. THESE were of Aristocratic origin. Aufseherin.

Anna Klein (born Anna Friederike Mathilde Plaubel in 1900 -) is one of the only two women to have reached the rank of Chief senior supervisor in a Nazi Concentration Camp.   On 14 September 1939, she came to Ravensbrück. In August 1943, she was promoted to the highest rank of Chef Oberaufseherin (Chief senior supervisor) and control and monitoring of all of Ravensbrück camp. Anna Klein reached the highest rank that the Nazis allowed for a woman in a concentration camp. She received a higher salary, better housing, better food (not cooked by the deportees, but by other SS women), the best clothes, more power and this hierarchical title of honour. She oversaw all guards at Ravensbrück until the SS assigned her to the concentration camp Sachsenhausen in September 1944. There, she was used to the same rank until the liberation of the camp in April 1945.   For the period of August 1943 to August 1944 to Ravensbrück, she was freed on 21 July 1948 due to lack of evidence during the seventh Ravensbrück Trial in Hamburg. (Trans. from French)[1]   She had also been in Sachsenhausen, with Hilde Schlusser. [2]

References   1.^  2.^, Female Guards in Nazi concentration camps

The highest rank ever was by two women, Anna Klein and Luise Brunner, and it was the rank of Chef Oberaufseherin (Chief senior inspector).
Oswald Pohl, in an affidavit by August 5, 1946 (Nuremberg document NI 382, literally at H. Schumann, SS in action) indicating that he would personally know Rudolf Bingel (d. 1945) from his duties. He carried out that Bingel with SS-Obergruppenführer of Richard Glucks, who was head of the Office Group D in the SS-WVHA, had led negotiations for the use of prisoners.Bingel was arrested in Berlin in 1945 by Russian troops and transported to the special camp ketchen Lake depth village. Then he came to Gorzów Wielkopolski, where he died in September 1945.

Out of the 130,000 women deported to Ravensbrück between 1939 and 1945, more than 90,000 died here. Besides hunger and illness, many fell victim to the brutality of the SS female overseers. Many of the SS female overseers trained in Ravensbrück were redeployed to the new concentration camps built after the breakout of the war (Lublin-Majdanek, Auschwitz, Plaszów, etc.).

Dr Hans Delmotte completed after the end of his school career to study medicine. After the outbreak of World War II belonged to Delmotte from mid-June 1941  the Waffen-SS. [1] arrived at the Waffen SS Delmotte 1944 the rank of  SS-Obersturmfuhrer. d 1945

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