Archive for the ‘Hadamar’ Category


NEW: more names found: Auschwitz Central Building office.

Hitler’s nazi killer police. Very disturbing, graphic. Be forewarned, yet it is necessarily to know what these nazis did.


On November 28, 1941, Hitler officially received al-Husseini in Berlin. Hitler made a declaration that after “…the last traces of the Jewish-Communist European hegemony had been obliterated… the German army would… gain the southern exit of Caucasus… the Führer would offer the Arab world his personal assurance that the hour of liberation had struck. Thereafter, Germany’s only remaining objective in the region would be limited to the Vernichtung des… Judentums [‘destruction of the Jewish element’, sometimes taken to be a euphemism for ‘annihilation of the Jews’] living under British protection in Arab lands..”[55] by Gerald-Fleming/dp/0520060229, reference 55, quoted.

Posen Speeches, wikipedia. Contains info. on Himmler’s many speeches on the Holocaust.


At Posen (occupied Poznań), hundreds of patients were killed by means of carbon monoxide gas in an improvised gas chamber developed by Dr Albert Widmann, chief chemist of the German Criminal Police (Kripo). In December 1939, the SS head, Heinrich Himmler, witnessed one of these gassings, ensuring that this invention would later be put to much wider uses.[49]]

New book, “Soldaten,” details crimes committed by Wehrmacht soldiers. In their own words, thanks to taped conversations made of them by the British military.
Dachau, Chief physician was von Weyherns. He tried in February biochemical means of detainees. For registration of the deaths were from 1 June set up a private storage registry office. Until then, the number of deaths was loud registry office of the city of Dachau on 3486 [26] people.
Dachau: In Block I, a biochemical research station was set up. Head was Emil Heinrich Schütz  (born April 12, 1906 in Schmiedeberg) was a German physician and participated in human experiments in the Nazi concentration camps.He survived the war unharmed and settled in 1947 in Essen as a specialist for internal medicine. Only in December 1972 he was before the District Court of Munich II (AZ 12 KS 1/72) accused because of his experiments. A number of “Persilscheine”, which he presented to his discharge, proved in the process convenience products. On November 20, 1975, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. Doctors certified him a serious illness so that he had to not fulfill his sentence.
Dr. Ernst Heinrich Schmidt (March 27, 1912 – † November 28, 2000) was a German physician and SSHauptsturmführer, employed in a variety of Nazi concentration camps during World War II. He was tried in 1947 and 1975 for complicity in war crimes, but was acquitted both times.
note: I’m sorry for the sometimes poor quality of google transl. from German and other languages. However, I felt that it was impt to collect this information to prove conclusively that the Fed’l Republic of Germany, along with other gov’ts, failed to pursue nazi criminals to the fullest extent of the law. The escape of so many nazi doctors from justice, or the failure to prosecute them in the first place, is especially galling.
Hans Gustav Felber (born July 8, 1889 in Wiesbaden, Germany – March 8, 1962 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German General der Infanterie in the second world war.Alleged involvement in war crimes. The deportation of Polish Jews from the Lodz ghetto was ordered by Felber as then Chief of staff of the eighth army, before the command was issued by Reinhard Heydrich. This shows that the Wehrmacht was at an early stage leader involved in the persecution of Jews.The army group was responsible after the company Anton Felber of the defenses in the previously under the sole control of Vichy France. While Felbers troops were involved in the deportation of Jews from Marseille and the evacuation and destruction of the waterfront in January 1943.
Against Felber, a discovery method for breach of international law on hostage killings in Serbia was in 1949 initiated before the District Court of Frankfurt/M., which was not continued.
Franz Albrecht Medicus (Born 18 December 1890 in Strasbourg; died 5 July 1967 in Wiesbaden) was a German jurist. Involved in writing the Nurnberg Laws. Early on, Buchenwald administrators learned through the prisoner grapevine about Dr Katzen-Ellenbogen’s helpfulness to the Gestapo in France. source: “War on the Weak,” Edwin Black.
SS Werner Fricke, d. 1988, Buchenwald Camp Political director.
 born 30.6. 1908, SSnr. 52183. he worked at Lichtenburg till the  camp moved to Buchenwald in 1937 and there he was registrar (standesbeamter).

Robert Roessle aka Robert Rössle (* August 19 1876 in Augsburg , † November 21 1956 in Berlin ) was a German pathologist .

In the era of National Socialism was Rössle Associate Editor of Human heredity and constitutional doctrine. August 1942 he called Adolf Hitler in the academic senate of the Army Medical Department. . Rössle participated in the human experiments based on Air Force research on the pathological-anatomical changes in decompression sickness and air blast damage. Rössle in 1944 the Scientific Advisory Board of the General Commissioner for the medical and health care was Karl Brandt called. [2]

As a member of Nazi party had been, [2] He taught at the end of the Second World War continue to the Humboldt University in Berlin . After retirement he worked until 1953 as a prosector at the Municipal Wenckebach -Hospital in Berlin and then at the Institute of experimental studies devoted tissue research.

Heinrich Deubel (19 February 1890 – 2 October 1962) was a German soldier, civil servant and officer in the Schutzstaffel who served as commandant of Dachau concentration camp.
Victim: Captain Karl Mayr (January 5, 1883 in Mindelheim – February 9, 1945 in Buchenwald concentration camp) was a General Staff officer and Adolf Hitler‘s immediate superior in an army Intelligence Division in the Reichswehr, 1919-1920. Mayr was particularly known as the man who introduced Hitler to politics. In 1919, Mayr directed Hitler to write the Gemlich letter, in which Hitler first expressed his anti-semitic views in writing.[1][2]

Mayr later became Hitler’s opponent, and wrote in his memoirs that General Erich Ludendorff had personally ordered him to have Hitler join the Nazi Party and build it up. As far as it is known, his last rank was major. In 1933, he fled to France after the Nazis rose to power. Mayr was tracked down by the Gestapo, arrested, imprisoned, and later murdered at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp in 1945

Wilhelm August Patin (* June 25th 1879 in Wuerzburg , † 1945-1949) was a German theologian and SS officer. Ein . A cousin of his was later Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler.  1939 Patin finally moved to Berlin , where he held the rank of top government and Council as SS Sturmbannführer speaker for Catholicism in the Reich Security Main Office was. Seinen höchsten SS-Rang erreichte er mit der Beförderung zum SS-Obersturmbannführer am 1. His highest SS rank he reached with promotion to SS Lieutenant Colonel on 1 September 1939. September 1939.
*Martin Bormann’s girl.  During the Nazi dictatorship, Gisela Uhlen appeared several times on NAZI propaganda films. d. 2007

    nazi’s kids. Disturbing read.

  • evidence of Wannsee Conference
    • SS-Obersturmbannführer Bernhard Dietsche (1945)survived the war and died in Kaiserslautern on the 28 January 1975.

    •  SS-Standartenführer Lothar Debes (1942 – 1943) d. 1960
    • Hermann Kellenbenz (Born August 28 , 1913 in Süßen, district of Göppingen26 November 1990) was an internationally renowned German historian and most recently Professor of history, economic and social history at the University of Erlangen Nuremberg.

      Karl Alexander von Müller (Born December 20 , 1882 in Munich; died 13 December 1964 in Rottach-Egern) was a German historian. His immediate students were National Socialist politician and academics such as Baldur von Schirach’s Deputy, Rudolf Heß, Hermann Göring, Walter Frank, William Gray, Wilfried Euler, Clemens August Hoberg, Hermann Kellenbenz, Karl Richard Ganzer, Ernst Hanfstaengl and Klaus Schickert.[1] But due to his political openness also differently aligned historians like Karl Bosl, Alois Hundhammer, Heinz Gollwitzerstudied[2] and even Wolfgang Hallgarten[3] Mueller.

      Among his many Ehrenämtern, including honorary membership in the “German Institute for history of the new Germany” his student was Walter Frank, (suicide, 1945) in which he nominally assumed the “Jewish question Research Department”.

      Mariano San Nicolò (Born 20 August 1887 in Rovereto, TrentinoMay 15 , 1955 in Munich) was a German Italian historian. He was President of the Bavarian Academy of Sciencesfrom 1944-1945, 1952-1953, he was Rector of the University of Munich.

      Dr Hans-Joachim Becker (* November 19 1909 in Kassel ;? †) was the head of the central clearinghouse for the T4 in the Third Reich and office manager of the Nazi killing center Hartheim .

      Frederick Tillman (* August 6 1903 in Mulheim on the Rhine , † February 12 1964 in Cologne ), was in the Nazi Reich Director of Welfare orphanage care of Cologne and from 1940 to 1942 and director of the office department of the implementation of the “euthanasia Action T4 “Agents central office-T4 .
      Hermann Schwenninger, couldn’t find more details. Nazi grey ambulances.
    •  ———————–
      austrian bank, creditanstalt de.wikipedia
    • The Creditanstalt played an important role also in the “aryanization” of Sascha-film. They took over the politically harried company to an unrealistically low value at that time 1,000 schillings and handed over the shares as a result of the National Socialist Friedrich von Treuhand.On the other hand, it came to acts of resistance in high and highest positions of the CA group. As the Director-General of Semperitwerke, Franz Josef Messner OSS had to pay his cooperation with the US secret service with his life, but also Josef Joham reported codenamed 680 at the latest since September 1943 to the Americans and remained undetected. de.wikipedia creditanstalt
    •  Under the rule of Nazi Germany, the Bank served as “KZ Bank”. Bank relations with at least 13 concentration camps were maintained evidence of which the Bank regularly received death lists from the concentration camp of Auschwitz – and calculated extortionate fees for money transfers from relatives of inmates, which is from the archives of the German bank.
    • With the “connection” to the German Empire, the Bank was again fundamentally transformed.Also the 118-jährige connection Bank to the House of Rothschild ended with the arrest of Louis Nathaniel Rothschild 1938 and whose subsequent forced emigration. The numerous Jewish employees of the Bank were eliminated within a short time, the majority stake in the Bank and went first to a holding company of Germany and then at the Deutsche Bank. in 1939, the Bank was renamed in Creditanstalt-Bankverein. Leading force on the Board remained Josef Joham, the 1918 lost role of CA in the countries of South-Eastern Europe wanted to restore ABS which under the benevolent patronage of Hermann Josef Abs and tried to keep the industrial group of the Bank before taking something from the “old Reich” as possible intact.

    • Josef Joham (Born February 21 1889 in Bad Kleinkirchheim, Carinthia, died April 7 , 1959 in Vienna) was a powerful, sometimes controversial banking expert and long-time Director of the largest Austrian Bank Creditanstalt-Bankverein.

    Hans Severus Ziegler (born October 13, 1893 in Eisenach; d. 1 May 1978 in Bayreuth) was a German journalist, Publisher, Director, teacher and NAZI official. Never punished. (source: de.wikipedia)

  • Hans Moser (* 20. November 1907; † 20. oder 21. Jahrhundert) was a German SS leader and head of the Office in the SS economic and administrative main office (WVHA). Used as a witness, this higher-up in the SS administration was never prosecuted.  Mid-September 1943 he became Deputy Head of Office in the WVHA, under August Frank that the Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei affiliated was. From September 1944, Moser was then as senior as Amtschef for special use in the WVHA. In the first quarter of the year 1945, he represented the head of Office of Gerhard Maurer in the leadership of the Office of D group II (“labour input of prisoners”) of WVHA.

     Werner Conze  born December 11, 1910 in Amt Neuhaus, died April 1986 in Heidelberg) was a German historian in Nazi Germany and in post-World War II Germany. He was a member of the Schieder commission.
  • Theodor Schieder (11 April 1908 — 8 October 1984) was one of the most influential German historians of the 20th century He was the author of the “Memorandum of 7 October 1939”, calling for expulsion of millions of Jews, Poles, Russians and other nationalities from Eastern Europe in order to create “room” for German settlers.
  • Walter Kuhn (27 September 1903-5 August 1983), was a Nazi party member[1] and Ostforschung researcher interested in linguistics and German minorities outside Germany, particularly in the area of Ukraine.
  • World at war, genocide *(Holocaust) portugal & nazi gold

Ernst Telschow (* 31. Oktober 1889 in Berlin; † 22. April 1988 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Chemiker und Generalsekretär der Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft und später der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. KWI funded research into ‘genetics, racial science, and anthropology.’ Was he ever accused of war crimes?
Alfred Bernhard Julius Ernst Wünnenberg (born July 20, 1891 in Saarburg/Lorraine; d. 30 December 1963 in Krefeld, Germany) was a German and Nazi Germany last SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS and police. source: de.wikipedia
On 10 June 1943, he was replaced and moved with effect from 1 June 1943 as commanding general to the IV SS Panzer Corps. On 31 August 1943, he became Chief of head of the Ordnungspolizei successor of Kurt Daluege. In this office he held until end of the war. Wünnenberg was in the last days of the war, after Heinrich Himmler  fell into disgrace, he was appointed Chief of the German police. After the war, Wünnenberg was interned in Dachau in 1946, year; was released however the following again. He died on 30 December 1963 in Krefeld, Germany.
——-Laszlo Csatary, Slovak, is alleged to have played a key role in the deportation of 15,700 Jews to Auschwitz. Hungary, 97 years old.
     Helmut Oberlander, Jacob Fast, Jura Skomatczuk (SKOMATCHZUK) under investigation.      WORLD WAR TWO RELATED CASES IN CANADA Ongoing WASYL ODYNSKY & VLADIMIR KATRIUK
Criminal History:
 Odynsky served as a guard in an auxiliary unit at the Trawniki and Poniatowa labour camps, the former of which was a training centre for Ukrainian guards who were enlisted as auxiliaries to SS killing units o Katriuk had been a volunteer member of Ukrainian battalion 118 in Byelorussia (now Belarus) under the control of the Waffen SS, whose unit was implicated in numerous atrocities including the deaths of thousands of Jews in Belarus between 1941 and 1944. source: Simon Wiesenthal Center.

Rudolf Jordan (* 21. Juni 1902 in Großenlüder; † 27. Oktober 1988 in München)

End 1950 – after four years in prison in the Soviet occupation zone – Jordan was sentenced to 25 years labour camps in the USSR. After the visit of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in Moscow many German prisoners of war and forced deportees could return again to Germany, including Jordan, who was dismissed on 13 October 1955. In the following years, he earned his money as a representative and most recently worked as a clerk at an aircraft manufacturer

Achim Gercke (August 3, 1902 – October 27, 1997) was a German politician.

Born in Greifswald, Gercke became a department head of the NSDAP in Munich on January 1, 1932. In April 1933, he was appointed to the Ministry of the Interior, where he served as an expert on racial matters.[1] In that year in a speech to a general audience, he stated that beside the task of maintaining one’s own blood as pure, there was the task of “extinction”, which would obey the great law of Nature to eliminate the bad and so be truly humane.[1]

Gercke devised the system of “racial prophylaxis”, forbidding the intermarriage between Jews and Aryans. As a student, he had attempted to develop a card index listing all Jews in Germany. His articles outlined Nazi public thinking on what to do about the Jews at the beginning of the Third Reich, which includes expelling them all from Germany. It notes that the just-issued Nuremburg Laws restricting Jews were provisional measures that indicated the direction future measures would take. He argued for a Jew being any person with one-sixteenth Jewish blood.[2]

When Gauleiter Rudolf Jordan claimed Reinhard Heydrich wasn’t Aryan, it was Gercke who investigated the issue and concluded that Heydrich was a pure Aryan. Gercke later served as an official in the post-war government of Adenauer. source: wikipedia bio.

And this snippet: After the Second World War he worked as an archive folder in the archives of the National Church Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover, and as a registrar in Adensen. He also worked as a genealogist and writer of nonfiction books about local history and beekeeping. [11]

source: de.wikipedia, google trans

Erich Wasmannsdorff, his asst.
Kurt Mayer, d. 1945
Die Reichsstelle für Sippenforschung
More names added to
Info on Serbian collaboration,
Many entries are from de.wikipedia, translated into English.
I’m sorry for the poor quality of the Google translations.
Friedrich Mennecke, d. 1947
the physician responsible for Operation T4,
Vernichtung unwerten Lebens [destruction of those unworthy of living].early February 1940 took part in Berlin conference on Euthanasia*Mennecke’s own institution Eichberg was intended Hadamar as interim
authority for the 70 km away, in which the patients were moved first
to conceal the true purpose of the services. Between January and
August 1941, these 784 patients of the Eichberg and more 1.487 sick
from the local intermediate Institute were moved to Hadamar and killed
there. [7] According to own Mennecke has observed once the death of
the sick in the gas chamber of Hadamar, through a small window.
source: wikipedia, mennecke, friedrich

1935: Received license to practice medicine; applied for a job at the
Hessische Landesheilanstalt [Hessian State Mental Hospital] in
Eichberg (Rheingau)
1937: Became Kreisamtsleiter [head of Rheingau district office] of
NSDAP racial policy office
1938: Became Oberarzt [assistant medical director], de facto director
of the institution and, formally after 1939, director of the Hessian
State Mental Hospital in Eichberg; became Ortsgruppenleiter [local
Nazi party group leader]. Only five years after his state licensing
exams, Mennecke now headed an institution with approximately 1,000
August 1939: Medical officer on the western front; commissioned by ***
IG Farben to conduct genetic research and experiments ***
February]  1940, Berlin: Attended meeting in the Reichskanzlei
[Chancellery of the Führer], where he learned that “unproductive”
psychiatric patients were to be systematically killed. Mennecke served
as a medical expert, visiting psychiatric institutions and registering
and selecting victims for the gas chamber. He inspected patients to
determine their fates.
1941: Promoted to medical specialist. Mennecke boasted to colleagues
that he was a member of physician panels that evaluated patient
registration forms to be sent to Berlin. He reported that he
witnessed, through a window, a gassing at Hadamar.
Spring 1941: Mennecke was assigned to the 14 f 13 operation,
“prisoners’ euthanasia,” where Polish, Jewish, Gypsy, and political
prisoners, as well as so-called Arbeitsscheue [“the work-shy”] and
criminals, were selected for killing. Mennecke began his work in
Sachsenhausen, Dachau, Ravensbrück, and Buchenwald concentration
camps. This followed the mass murder of the mentally and physically
disabled. His written “diagnoses” are among the most heinous texts
ever written by a German physician..· Mennecke considered using
electric shock therapy to kill patients. However, he became embroiled
in a dispute with *[name needed] his boss, a Nazi party official. As
punishment, he was demoted from his position of Ortsgruppenleiter, was
again drafted, and was then sent to a military hospital in Metz in
1943. He was briefly transferred to the eastern front, where, due to
panic attacks, he was diagnosed with “Basedowian illness” and sent to
a military hospital himself. He applied for positions at various
gassing institutions, but then learned that he had tuberculosis.

Summer 1945: Allied war crimes investigations and interrogations
1946: Indictment and trial; Mennecke claimed he had opposed “euthanasia.”
December 21, 1946: Sentenced to death
January 27, 1947: His wife visited him in prison; he was found dead in
his jail cell the next day.
Mennecke died before the appeals court heard the case. If his letters
had not been saved, he would probably – like so many of his colleagues
– have presented himself as a rescuer or a resistance fighter. But his
correspondence reveals his innermost thoughts as a “typical” citizen,
who apparently as a matter of course, and without inner struggle or
hesitation, became a mass murderer.

Lithuanians ‘ role during the Holocaust.
In February 1939, Stasys Lozoraitis Sr. was appointed as minister plenipotentiary to Italy. After the Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union in June 1940, Lozoraitis became the leader of all Lithuanian diplomatic service that remained abroad.[1] As the highest de jure official of independent Lithuania, he represented Lithuania, advocated for non-recognition of the Soviet occupation, and populiarized the Lithuanian cause.[2] Lozoraitis continued to live in Rome and head the diplomatic service until his death on December 24, 1983. [He is not implicated in the crimes committed, but certainly he must have informed the Vatican about the Holocaust.

The decision by Lithuania’s president, Valdas Adamkus, in 2009, to make a high posthumous award, the Order of the Cross of Vytis (Grand Cross), to Juozas Ambrazevičius-Brazaitis (1903-1974), prime minister and minister of education. Certainly this makes him a real collaborator.

Algirdas Jonas Klimaitis (1923 in Kaunas[1] — 1988 in Germany) was a Lithuanian para-military commander.  Implicated in the Holocaust. Why wasn’t this Lithuanian nazi prosecuted?


Curt Sonnenschein (born March 7 1894 in Mainz, † 1986) was a German physician.

After completing his medical degree sunshine on the specialized medical hygiene. In 1932 he became associate professor at the Hamburg Tropical Institute. On 11 November 1933, he signed the “commitment of the professors at German universities and colleges to Adolf Hitler and the nazis state.” In 1936 he became head of the Bacteriological-Serological Department and was elected to the board of the German Society of Tropical Medicine (DTG). He also was a member of the Institute for Racial Hygiene. In 1942 he was appointed Professor of Hygiene and Bacteriology of the German University of Prague, which had been declared by the Nazis in front of university.

Sonnenschein took on with particular zeal in the racial cleansing of the DTG, as evidenced by recent studies.

In 1948 he was professor at the University of Wuerzburg and director of the National College for medical-technical assistants.


Dr William Hagen (October 26, 1893 in Augsburg, † 29 March 1982 in Bonn)

In this role, Hagen was Determined in separate medical care for tuberculosis patients Poles and Germans, but sat unsuccessfully for a Significantly better treatment of the Poles. [7] He wrote to the Reich Health Leader Leonardo Conti, etc. in a Letter Which He denounced the inconsistency of policies in the General Government, as others the denial of adequate medical care from Poland and “full use of their workforce” would contradict each other. [8] He also denounced the violence and atrocities against Poland and asked to be released as a medical officer from his post [6] turned Finally, Hagen in December 1942, even writing to Adolf Hitler:

“When a government meeting on TB control, we were told by the head of the Department of Population and Welfare Weirauch as Top Secret, be it intentional or was being considered, in the resettlement of 200 000 Poles in the east of the General Government for the purpose of settling German armed farmers with one-third of Poland – moved to 70 000 old people and children under 10 years as with the Jews, that is to kill them. “

William Hagen in a letter dated 7th December 1942, Adolf Hitler.

He was removed from this post by:
General Heinrich Teitge, d 1970. Dept of health.
After the war, wrote as a defense witness Teitge in June 1946 for the defendant Hermann Pook a written statement in the process of Economic and Administrative Main Office of the SS (USA vs. Oswald Pohl et al.) To the position and activity of SS doctors.  As of 1950, Teitge was senior physician at Lutheran Hospital  Melle, and from 1955 to 1960 as Head of Director of the Paracelsus Clinic in Marlborough.

Ernst Meyer (born February 9, 1908 in Olsztyn, † 1972 in Munich) was a German insurance lawyer.

Willy Suchanek (November 11, 1905; † unknown) was a German SS officer and police officer.

Paul Baumert, Himmler’s adjutant, died 1961. Never prosecuted.

Werner Grothmann (born August 23, 1915 in Frankfurt am Main, † 2002) was a German SS officer and chief adjutant of Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler.  May 1945 in British captivity. [4] During the Nuremberg trials Grothmann was 1946-1948 questioned several times as a witness. [5] After leaving the Allied internment Grothmann was in March 1949 denazified in a denazification trial in Freising as lesser offenders.  He was tried by a military court in Hamburg and sentenced to 16 years in prison, but only managed to make some months being released as not guilty.

Grothmann and in freedom, rebuilt his life as a businessman and granted a few interviews in the 70′s, where he described Himmler as a character with a cowardly nature. Grothmann died at age 87, on February 26, 2002.

Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (13 August 1907 — 30 July 1967), often referred to as Alfried Krupp,[1] was a convicted war criminal, an industrialist, a competitor in Olympic yacht races and a member of the Krupp family, which has been prominent in Germany since the early 19th century.
3 years for employing slave labor at Auschwitz ; pardoned.


Voldemārs Veiss, (November 7, 1899 – April 17, 1944) was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Latvian Army and a prominent Nazi collaborator, Standartenführer (Colonel) in the German Waffen-SS.

When Riga, the capital of Latvia fell to the Germans on July 1, 1941, the Germans began forming self defence and police forces. Lieutenant Colonel Voldemārs Veiss was appointed the commander of such a Self Defence organization. Veiss broadcast a radio call for volunteers to enlist and rid Latvia of “traitors”, including Soviet functionaries, communists and Jews. Many enlisted, and the “cleansing” started.

Gustav Celmins , * April 1st 1899 in Riga , † April 10 1968 in San Antonio ) was a Latvian politician, leader of the nationalist organization, cross fire , and the fascist organization Donner Cross , as well as winner of the Order of Bear Hunter .

Some early thunder cross-members stayed true to their anti-German stance and supported resistance groups against the German occupiers. Several others collaborated with the Germans. Together with the former units Aissargen, Latvian police and the army, they formed “Home Guards” for the Nazis to terrorize the population on their behalf and track down Jews and Soviet sympathizers, arrest and murder. 1941 called for the Nazi thugs converted Gustav Celmins on to a “security force”, led by the Chief of Police of Riga , Victor Arajs to join. Alone in its first week, the notorious militia burned, which was later known as the “Arajs commando,” in Riga synagogue down along with their occupants and murdered over 2,000 Jews and Communists

Dr Oskar Gros, d. 1947

Dr Behrend Behrens, (1895–1969)

*On 8 February 1940, Berlin. Drs met to receive orders on Euthanasia, ordered by Hitler.

A few more forgotten nazis:

Heinrich Carl ; Fritz Freitag; Wolf Dietrich Heike; __Binz; Hans Roemer, Felix Dahn, Johannes Wirth, Fritz Goehler, Berchtolsheim (d . 1961); crimes in Baltic states.

Dr Emil Ketterer advocated as a doctor specifically the “euthanasia” program of the National Socialists. For his part in the putsch, he was awarded with the “blood order”. d 1957.

Dr Kurt Albrecht , b. 1894

Julius Wagner-Jauregg (until 1919 Julius Wagner Ritter von Jauregg] March 7, 1857 Wels, Upper Austria — September 27, 1940 Vienna) was an Austrian physician,[2] Nobel Laureate, and Nazi supporter.

Erich Wulff (* 02.08.1910, KIA 03.02.1945),
Bruno Kittel (not the pilot) Fate unknown.

Franz Murer (1917–1995),[1] also known as the “Butcher from Vilnius”, was an Austrian SS officer, who set up, organized, and ruled Vilna Ghetto.[2] ACQUITTED!

Georg Ahlemann: From 1940 Georg Ahlemann lived on good rest at home Oppen creek in the county Graetz (Wartheland). In 1945 he fled to West Germany. Ahlemann must have died before 1962.

On 19 September 1944 the liquidation of the Klooga concentration camp, in close proximity to the division’s training camp started. Approximately 2,500 prisoners from the Vaivara camp complex had been brought there in the course of the evacuation. The training and replacement units of the division based at Klooga under the command of Sturmbannführer Georg Ahlemann provided guards for the perimeters.

source: Toomas Hiio (2006). “Combat in Estonia in 1944″. In Toomas Hiio, Meelis Maripuu, & Indrek Paavle. Estonia 1940–1945: Reports of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity. Tallinn. pp. 1035–1094.

source: Harald Riipalu (1951) (in Estonian). Kui võideldi kodupinna eest (When Home Ground Was Fought For). London: Eesti Hääl.


A conference held in the Seimas (Lithuanian parliament ) last June to mark the 70th anniversary of the German invasion. The conference’s main purpose was to glorify the Lithuanian Activist Front, a political group that collaborated with the Nazis in the hope of reestablishing Lithuanian independence, and that openly called for violence against the Jews. This incitement was a factor in the widespread attacks on Jews in 46 Lithuanian communities

The fourth event involved former Lithuanian foreign minister Vygaudas Usackas, currently the EU Special Representative to Afghanistan, who wrote a Wall Street Journal op-ed in which he characterized the Nazi occupation of his homeland during the years 1941-1945 as “a few years’ respite from the communists.”

In view of the fact that 96.4 percent of the 220,000 Lithuanian Jews who lived there under the German occupation were murdered (along with thousands more Jews deported there from Western and Central Europe

In Zagreb and Split, Croatia, memorial masses were conducted on December 28 to honor Ante Pavelic, its World War II head of state, who bears responsibility for the mass murder of hundreds-of-thousands of Serbs, 30,000 Jews and several thousand Roma. Pavelic, who was installed by the Germans, created one of the most lethal and brutal regimes in Axis-dominated Europe.

From Estonia, on December 27, it was reported that the country’s defense ministry planned to submit a bill to parliament that would recognize Estonians who served in the 20th Waffen-SS Grenadier Division, which fought alongside German troops as “freedom fighters” for the country’s independence – despite the fact that Nazi Germany had no intention of granting Estonia freedom. While the Waffen-SS division did not participate in Holocaust crimes (by the time it was established the Jews of Estonia had already been murdered ), its members included men who had previously been involved in killing Jews and Gypsies.  source for these posts: Simon Wiesenthal Center report 2011*­arl_Bonhoeffer
resister : Bonhoeffer provided according to some historians of the period of National Socialism Resistance to the “euthanasia” program, the killing of psychiatric T4 patients as part of the action when he made contact with the then leaders and opponents of the T4-action, for example, Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, but was disappointed in the one letter on Bonhoeffer’s … [anyway it says it’s disputed, in German]­ile:Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-0883­3-0003,_Berlin,_Humboldt-Unive­rsitaet,_Chemie-Institut,_­Ruine.jpg

END. Thank you for reading!


Nov 2012 on nazis


resistance to Nazis: Carl Lutz (born in Walzenhausen, Switzerland on 30 March 1895; died in Berne, Switzerland on 12 February 1975) was the Swiss Vice-Consul in Budapest, Hungary from 1942 until the end of World War II. He helped save tens of thousands of Jews from deportation to Nazi Extermination camps during the Holocaust. He is credited with saving over 62,000 Jews.[1] In 1964, he was awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.

Pius XI, is never mentioned as a candidate for Sainthood. Yet it is this Pope more than any other that many believe came closest to dramatically changing the course of WWII. Achille Ratti took the name Pius XI in 1922, when he was elected Pope, the same year Benito Mussolini marched on Rome.

But his misfortune was presiding over the church during the advent of the ‘age of the dictators,’ Mussolini and Hitler. In the early years, Pius XI, despite his misgivings, sought accommodation with them fearing confrontation would weaken the church. So in 1929, he signed a Concordat with fascist Italy which protected the independence of the Vatican, but lessened his ability to confront Mussolini’s aggression.

He also allowed his Secretary of State, Cardinal Pacelli (the future Pius XII), to sign a Concordat with Hitler in 1933, hoping to preserve Catholic institutions in Germany. But the moral cost was high. He did not protest when the Germans passed the first antisemitic laws in 1933 excluding non-Aryans from public office, or when they passed the infamous Nuremberg Laws in 1935.

But Pius XI soon became very troubled by his deal with the ‘devil’ and the more he observed their inhumanity and deceit, the more determined he was to confront them. In his 1937 Encyclical “Mit Brennender Sorge (With Burning Anxiety),” he lambasted those who worshiped the superiority of race. A year later, when the Austrian Cardinal Innitzer welcomed Hitler’s takeover of Austria, Pius XI summoned him to the Vatican and forced him to issue a humiliating public retraction.

But the apex of his resistance came when he ignored his own inner circle of advisors and instructed an American Jesuit priest visiting the Vatican, Father John Lafarge, to write an encyclical condemning racism and antisemitism. The pope had read Lafarge’s book on the racial injustice done to American ‘Negroes’ and knew instinctively that Lafarge was the right man for the job. He told the startled priest to write the encyclical as if he were the Pope. Lafarge and two colleagues worked feverishly outside of Paris to prepare the document they called, “Humani Generis Unitas (The Unity of the Human Race).”

On September 20, 1938, Father Lafarge handed in the completed document to Wladimir Ledochowski, the Father Superior of the Jesuits in Rome.
Although the document retained elements of Catholic teachings – that the Jews’ rejection of Christ caused them “to perpetually wander over the face of the Earth,” it also condemned anti-Semitism in language never before uttered by a Pope and never acknowledged by the church for twenty centuries. “…Millions of persons are deprived of the most elementary rights, denied legal protection against violence and robbery, exposed to every insult and public degradation, innocent persons are treated as criminals, even those who in time of war fought bravely for their country are treated as traitors…. This flagrant denial of human rights sends many thousands of helpless persons out over the face of the earth without any resources….”

Coincidentally, on the day Lafarge handed in the Encyclical, Pius XI, speaking to a group of Christian pilgrims, said, “…Abraham is our patriarch and forefather. Anti-Semitism is incompatible with that lofty thought…. It is a movement with which we Christians can have nothing to do…. No, no, I say to you…. It is impossible for a Christian to take part in anti-Semitism. It is inadmissible…. Spiritually, we are all Semites.”

Tragically, Father Lafarge’s document was too shocking for some conservative prelates in Rome. They delayed sending it on to the ailing Pope who kept asking for it but never saw it until it was too late. With Lafarge’s Encyclical on his desk, Pius XI died on February 10, 1939, before he could sign it. The new Pope, Pius XII, refused to issue it.

Mysteriously, the document soon disappeared and not another word was heard about it until the National Catholic Reporter broke the story some
43 years later.

What would have happened if the encyclical had been signed? Many believe that it would so have divided Germany’s 45 million Catholics that it would have delayed or prevented Hitler’s plans of launching WWII.

Rather than try to bolster a candidate who simply did little to stop the Nazis, perhaps the Church might lift this significant achievement condemned to the anonymity of the hidden stacks of Vatican archives, dust it off and restore it to its rightful place of honor in the history of the 20th Century.

Rabbi Marvin Hier is the Founder and Dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center.

Books on Holocaust denial:

Guttenplan, David. (History on trial?)


In ruling against the controversial historian David Irving, whose libel suit against the American historian Deborah Lipstadt was tried in April 2000, the High Court in London labeled Irving a falsifier of history. No objective historian, declared the judge, would manipulate the documentary record in the way that Irving did. Richard J. Evans, a Cambridge historian and the chief adviser for the defense, uses this famous trial as a lens for exploring a range of difficult questions about the nature of the historian’s enterprise.

Richard Evans, “Lying about History, the Holocaust, and the David Irving Trial.”

Deborah Lipstadt, Denying the Holocaust, the growing assault on Memory.

Sources of the Holocaust (Documents in History)

by Steve Hochstadt

Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why DoThey Say It? (S. Mark Taper Foundation Imprint in Jewish Studies)

Michæl Shermer (Author), Alex Grobman (Author), Arthur Hertzberg (Foreword

to quote: Nazi physician Wilhelm Hoettel,  who testified at Nuremberg that: “In the various concentration camps approximately four million Jews had been killed, while about two million were killed in other ways.” source: Hoettl, Wilhelm, wikipedia.


About this sound Richard Böch (help·info) was an SS-Rottenführer of the Waffen-SS during World War II. In 1944, Böch was stationed at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp, specifically to the guard battalion. His duties performed were mostly perimeter defense and manning watchtowers, thus his direct contact with prisoners was limited.

Witness to Gassing

Böch became internationally known when he provided testimony of an actual gassing using Zyklon-B, which was then recorded and published on The World at War documentary series. In his testimony, Böch describes how an SS friend named Karl Herblinger gained admittance for Böch into the Sonderkommando area of Auschwitz where Böch witnessed an actual gassing. Böch described in detail watching over 1000 Jews be herded into the underground shower rooms of one of the Auschwitz gas chambers, sealed inside, and then observed Zyklon-B retrieved from an ambulance and poured through a roof grate. Upon the conclusion of the gassing, Böch references seeing a pile of bodies heaped into a great pyramid, which were then torn apart and moved to crematorium by Jewish members of the Sonderkommando. Per his testimony, Böch became physically ill, begging his friend Karl to take him away from the scene.

Validity of Claims

Böch’s testimony, while graphic and detailed, has raised some speculation as to whether or not Böch actually witnessed the gassing himself or related a story told by someone else. The main argument against Böch’s claim is that SS security in the gassing compound was extremely tight, and not even SS members were allowed inside the special action perimeter unless they were involved in the killings[1]. Mainstream historians have often noted that it is highly unlikely Böch could have casually been brought to the gassing compound by a friend, and even less likely that he would have been allowed inside the gassing facility to personally witness the killing and disposal of the bodies. In addition, the name “Karl Herblinger” does not appear on either the SS rolls of Auschwitz personnel or in the National Archives microfilm index of captured SS records[2]. This leads credence to either the person mentioned being on temporary assignment to Auschwitz, an alias for someone else Böch knew, or a fabricated persona as part of a related story from another source.

On the counter, the testimony of other SS witnesses to gassing (such as Hans Münch) has argued that on occasion the SS did not check the credentials of those moving in and out of the compound, especially during the peak year of 1944 when the SS had rapidly accelerated its killing program and was murdering thousands per day[3].

Post War

After World War II, Richard Böch was cleared of crimes against humanity and in fact commended for helping Jewish prisoners survive Auschwitz. In the 1970s, he was made an honorary Auschwitz survivor as recognized by Jews and other survivors of the camp.

In December 2006, Iran‘s decision to organise a Holocaust Denial conference prompted one of those involved in producing the episode to write to The Guardian newspaper with some background information:

The news that Iran is to go ahead with a conference that will supposedly investigate whether the Holocaust actually happened…is deeply shocking. Thirty years ago when I was working on the Holocaust episode of the ITV series The World At War, my colleagues and I deliberately decided not to stop when we had gathered the first-hand witness evidence we needed for making the programme, but to gather more and put it together to be kept for posterity for use against the day when people or states claiming intellectual respectability might try to claim that the Holocaust did not happen. Sadly, it seems that day may now have arrived. We did not only collect the evidence of those who were victims in Hitler’s Final Solution, but from people who held senior positions in its planning, administration and execution. All this material is stored in the Imperial War Museum, is available and will, I hope, now be used to show that those who would now deny the Holocaust happened are wrong…
Michael Darlow
Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts

Höttl was born in Vienna in March 1915. In 1938, at the age of only 23, he received a doctorate in history from the University of Vienna. While still a student there, he joined the Nazi Party (member 6309616) and the SS (no. 309510). From 1939 until the end of the war in Europe, Höttl was employed almost without interruption by Germany’s central intelligence and security agency, the RSHA. The RSHA was made up of seven main departments, including: the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) or Security Service; the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo) or Security Police, composed of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) and the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo) or Criminal Police.[1]

Höttl was first stationed in Vienna with the SD foreign bureau and then moved to Berlin where he was promoted to the SS rank of Sturmbannführer (Major). In 1944 Höttl became the Ausland-SD’s Acting Head of Intelligence and Counter Espionage in Central and South-East Europe. In March he was assigned to Budapest, where he served as second in command to Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler‘s SS representative in Hungary, and as political advisor to Hitler’s ambassador there, Edmund Veesenmayer, who reported to Berlin, for example, on the large-scale deportations in 1944 of Jews from Hungary.

After the war, Höttl figured prominently as a prosecution witness at the Nuremberg Trials. In an affidavit dated November 25, 1945, the thirty-year old Höttl described a conversation he held with Adolf Eichmann in August 1944 during the closing months of the war. The meeting of the two men took place at Höttl’s office in Budapest:

“Approximately 4,000,000 Jews had been killed in the various concentration camps, while an additional 2,000,000 met death in other ways, the major part of whom were shot by operational squads of the Security Police during the campaign against Russia.” [2]


another nazi who escaped any real Justice:

Edmund Veesenmayer joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1925. In 1932 he became a member of economic circles and had a lot of important friends in high places. At the beginning of 1941 he was attached to the German diplomatic staff in Zagreb (Croatia). He played an important role in the persecution and murder of Croatian and Serbian Jewry. On March 19, 1944 he became Reich plenipotentiary in Hungary after the German occupation.

War crimes trial

In the Ministries Trial in 1949 received the sentence of 20 years’ imprisonment, which was reduced to 10 years in 1951. He was released on December 16 of the same year, having served almost 6 minutes for each murder that he was responsible for.

Later life

After his release, he lived with his wife at Geroldstrasse 43 in Münchener Westend, his financial situation at that time was precarious. Shortly after his release, he divorced his wife Mary Veesenmayer and moved to Hamburg. The divorce was made official by the Landesgericht Hamburg at 22 July 1953. They didn’t have any children. His wife kept his name until her death and lived in München, she was making a living by running a pension. Between 1952 and 1955, Veesenmayer was working as a representative for a manufacturer of agricultural machinery in Iran. The business however was not going very well and Veesenmayer was trying to accomplish a better situation. At the end of his life, he lived in Darmstadt at the Rosenhöhweg 25. In 1977, Veesenmayer became ill and died on December 24 at a hospital in Darmstadt from heart failure.

Shortly before the German invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941 Veesenmayer was sent to Zagreb to force the Croatian independence. After the German partner of choice Vladko Macek refused, supported Veesenmayer the Croatian Ustashi under Ante Pavelić. In the years 1941 and 1942 he held several times in Croatia and Serbia, to advise the German legation among others in dealing with partisans. He vehemently demanded the deportation of Serbian Jews. In 1943, he tried unsuccessfully to persuade Jozef Tiso to resume deportations of Jews in Slovakia.

In 1943 Veesenmayer was in spring and autumn in Hungary, to explore the political situation. He warned Ribbentrop and Hitler in front of a swing out of Hungary from the front of the Axis powers and advised to intervene. Before the German intervention in Hungary, he was of Hitler on 19 March 1944 to the Messenger, First Class, for “the official of the Greater German Reich” in Hungary and the SS brigade commander appointed. [4] 15 In a telegram dated April 1944 Ribbentrop told the head of the Reich Chancellery, Hans Heinrich Lammers, on 9 Occurred April 1944, a conversation between Hitler, Ribbentrop and Veesenmayer treatment on the structure of the economic affairs in Hungary had. [5]

On 2 Veesenmayer June 1944 concluded with the Hungarian Finance Minister Lajos Remeny Schneller d. 1946 from a payment agreement between Hungary and the German Empire. This stipulates that the 19th Reichskreditkasse Budapest for services of “joint warfare” from the March for the months of May, June and July 1944, respectively 200 000 000 Pengö be paid. It was no provision made for this “Hungarian war fund” should be paid back by the German Reich. [6]

In a telegram dated 13 June 1944, he reported to the Foreign Office: “transporting Jews from Carpathian region and Transylvania … with a total of 289,357 Jews in 92 trains of 45 cars finished” [7] On 15. June 1944 announced Veesenmayer Ribbentrop in a telegram that to this day some 340 000 Jews had been delivered to the Reich. He continued to provide forecasts that are doubled without traffic disruption, the number of deportations of Jews to the end of July 1944. He also announced that after final settlement of the Jewish question, the number of 900 000 Jews deported would be achieved. [8]

He also oversaw the Hungarian governments (Döme Sztójay, Géza Lakatos, Ferenc Szálasi, Gábor Vajna) and Admiral Miklós Horthy. Veesenmayer subordinate in his role as ambassador to Hungary to the Foreign Office. About his actions on the deportation of the Hungarian Jews, he reported, but mainly the head of the RSHA, Ernst Kaltenbrunner [9] The Independent Commission of Historians – Foreign Office says in its research report on work Veesenmayer. Joined “As with any other representative of the Foreign Office in Veesenmayer inhuman ideology and icy pragmatism. “[10]

In March 1945 he left Hungary and stood in the middle of May in Salzburg U.S. troops. At the Nuremberg Wilhelmstraßen process (case 11) was Veesenmayer judgment of 11 April 1949 for crimes against humanity, slavery and membership in a criminal organization, to 20 years in prison. With pardon of 31 January 1951 began, the U.S. High Commissioner John McCloy down numerous penalties, including the imprisonment of Veesenmayer to 10 years. In December 1951 he was pardoned and released from prison for war criminals in Landsberg. [11]

In 1953, the British sent intelligence that Veesenmayer relations Naumann circle had taken, a far-right organization led by former State Secretary Werner Naumann, [12] was the FDP infiltrate Nazi. Then Veesenmayer served as General Manager for Germany of Roubaix in northern France based company Pennel & Flipo. Until his death in 1977 he lived in Darmstadt. source: deutsche wikipedia, trans. by Google.


Auschwitz Report (2006) is a non-fiction report on the Auschwitz extermination camp by Primo Levi and Leonardo de Benedetti.

Whilst in a Soviet holding camp in Katowice in 1945, Levi and de Benedetti were asked by the Soviet authorities to document the living conditions in Auschwitz. De Benedetti was on Levi’s transport from Fossoli, near Modena, Italy. Both were left behind when the camp was evacuated and so their time at Auschwitz coincided exactly. De Benedetti was a medical doctor, though he only acted as a doctor in the final weeks of his time at the camp. His survival was truly amazing given that he was in his 40’s when he arrived, as normally those over the age of 30 were sent directly to the gas chambers on arrival.

Much of the report describes the facilities for treating the sick. Treatments were rudimentary, medicine was in short supply and the skill of the nurses was minimal. Normal practices of hygiene were ignored. Cross-contamination and infection were widespread. The hospital was only set up a few months prior to Levi’s arrival; there had previously been no medical treatment at all. Sick inmates worked until they collapsed, at which point they were beaten; if they moved they were sent back to work and if not they were sent to the crematoria.



For all this, Auschwitz Report provides an important corrective to the accepted view of Auschwitz. It is surprising to discover how many medical facilities were available to the inmates. Buna-Monowitz, unlike the main camp in Auschwitz-Birkenau, was not an extermination camp. The internees slaved for IG Farben, manufacturing synthetic rubber. The hospital wing was relatively extensive. Some drugs were available, even if they were scarce. There was an otorhinology and ophthamology clinic. Many of the severe depredations could not be treated and disease was rife, but it appears that the Germans made some effort to rehabilitate the wounded and ill, even if only to maximise their working potential.

Auschwitz Report is a small but significant addition to Holocaust documentation; it is a shame that its publishers could not emulate the high standard of rigorous testimony that Levi embodied throughout his life. source: wikipedia

Henryk Slawik a Polish diplomat also rescued several hundred Jews in Polish centres, schools and orphanages, and he deserves to be mentioned. After the Hungarian government issued racial decrees and separated Polish refugees of Jewish descent, Slawik started to issue false documents confirming their Polish origins and belonging to the Roman Catholic faith.
He was martyred , executed in Mauthausen, Austria by the Nazis.
On 17 April 1943, the Regent of Hungary, Admiral Horthy visited Hitler at Klessheim Castle to discuss the terms on which Hungary would remain in the war.

Horthy when reproached with his policy towards the Jews retorted that having deprived the Jews of nearly every means of getting a living, he could not “beat them to death”.

At this Joachim von Ribbentrop declared that they must either be killed off or sent to concentration camps. Thereupon Hitler delivered a monologue, recorded in the minutes of his interpreter Dr Paul Otto Schmidt.

“In Poland, this state of affairs had been fundamentally cleared up. If the Jews did not want to work, they were shot. If they could not work, they had to be treated like tuberculosis bacilli, with which a healthy body may become infected.

This was not cruel, if one remembers that even innocent creatures of nature, such as hares and deer, which are infected have to be killed so that no harm is caused by them.

Why should the beasts who wanted to bring us Bolshevism be spared more? Nations who did not rid themselves of Jews perished. One of the most famous examples is the downfall of that people who were once so proud, the Persians, who today lead a pitiful existence as Armenians.” [sic]

These minutes which are indisputably genuine contain Hitler’s only recorded outright admission of the massacres in Poland. It should be noticed that even in this bald statement, shooting is specified and that Hitler made no allusions to the death camps, unless the comparison to tuberculosis bacilli is to be regarded as an oblique reference to Zyklon B, which was used to kill vermin.

On 15 May 1944 when the main deportations began Baky reported that 320,000 were concentrated in the camps and ghettos east of the River Theiss. At Munkacs where 30,000 Jews were herded into a camp and a few miserable streets there was already a typhus epidemic.

some 380,000 Jews were deported by 30 June 1944…
Oberfuhrer Hans Ulrich Geschke declard dead 1945?
Otto Winckelmann, d. 1977
Max Juttner of the “Leadership Office” of the SS
Rolf Gunther
Bandi Grosz, a Jew involved in Hungarian intrigues.. .wrote a memoir on the topic.
Gabor Vajna, the new Minister of the Interior, was executed.
Admiral Horthy died in Portugal. It is claimed on this site that he didn’t approve of the deportations, but nor did he do much to stop them until it was too late, July 7, 1944.
Bayer sponsored Nazi SS Dr. Research on prisoners.
source: Bayer,
The Nazi Doctors, Lipton.Pharmacists, selections performed by, 174, 176, 197
· pharmacological testing 291 practice, that was never carried out — because it was impossible. One . . . selected only according to categories.” But the doctor was still central, Dr. B. emphasized: “He stood there and led the thing.”

the same time there was constant pressure from above toward maximum involvement in selections, particularly from the spring of 1944 when dentists and pharmacists were also ordered to take their turns on the ramp. One of those dentists later testified that his plea to Wirths that  .. p. 197

Eduard Wirths, as chief doctor, was the Auschwitz sponsor and facilitator of most of these experiments, particularly those in which there was interest from Berlin at a higher level. An example here is the continuous experimental activity of SS Captain Dr. Helmuth Vetter, a key figure in pharmacological “trials” in Auschwitz and elsewhere. He was employed for many years with Bayer Group WII of the I. G. Farben Industry, Inc., Leverkusen, and, at Auschwitz, retained his connections. He ran medical trials for Bayer in Auschwitz and Mauthausen (and possibly in other camps) on several therapeutic agents, including sulfa medications and other preparations whose content is not exactly known.*

Horst Fischer (1912–1966), nazi dr.

Carl-Ludwig Lautenschläger was arrested by the U.S. military government in 1946, and one year later he was charged with enslavement and mass murder in the I.G. Farben Trial at Nuremberg, but was acquitted in 1948; though the court was convinced that the pharmaceutical department had conveyed to the SS medications to be tested on prisoners, no individual guilt on Lautenschläger’s part could be proven a . After that, he was employed as a research associate at Bayer Elberfeld, where Ulrich Haberland helped many former I.G. Farben colleagues find new jobs. Carl-Ludwig Lautenschläger retired in 1952. He died in Karlsruhe on December 6, 1962. source:

Hans Kühne, d. 1969.
1923 three years later ordinary member of the Board of I.G..Farben. Member of the Working Committee of the Board of Directors and member of the Technical Committee and the chemicals Committee Hans Kühne, Deputy Board member of Bayer. in 1933, he took over the management of the factory in Leverkusen. in 1938, he received chaired of Committee of Southeast of the chemistry industry group. In addition, he held supervisory and management board positions in various companies, southern and Eastern Europe.[1]

Early 1945 Kühne was retired. in 1947 he was from the US military arrested and accused in the Nuremberg trial against i.g. Farben, but acquitted. He received an appointment at Bayer Elberfeld, where Ulrich HABERLAND many former I.G.. Farbem colleagues helped to new activities. Hans Kühne died in Lindau on February 18, 1969.


Dr Hans Delmotte, suicide. Nazi Dr.

Karl Knapp, Dr. med.  (23.3.1913-?) [SS-Sturmbannfuehrer] — NSDAP: 2034178; SS: 226015; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager – KL) Sachsenhausen 1936-1938; service, KL Mauthausen 1938-1939; service, KL Oranienburg 1939; service, SS 3rd Division “Totenkopf” 1940-1942; service, SS 1st Infantry Brigade 1942-1944 (The Camp Men p. 129).

Hans Wilhelm König (* 13 May 1912 in Stuttgart , † unknown) was a German SS Lieutenant leader and as a camp doctor in the concentration camps Auschwitz and Neuengamme used. Named by Eva Moses Kor as assisting Mengele in selections to the gas chambers.

the scientific Senate of the army medical service

Kurt Erich Willy Uhlenbroock (born March 2, 1908 in Rostock; † 7 August 1992 in Hamburg) was a German SS-Sturmbannführer and briefly an SS doctor at Auschwitz concentration camp.

On November 29, 1960, Uhlenbroock received parole, and his prosecution was discontinued because of lack of evidence and lack witnesses. On September 4, 1964, Uhlenbroock testified as a witness in the Frankfurt Auschwitz trial.[5]

Josef Kapfhammer (* 3. April 1888 in Nürnberg; † 27. März 1968 in Freiburg im Breisgau) war ein deutscher Apotheker, Chemiker, Mediziner, Ernährungsphysiologe und Hochschullehrer.

Kapfhammer, 1937 Member of the NSDAP, took part in the meeting on medical questions in distress and winter death on 26 and 27 October 1942, was where speaks about the “hypothermia experiments” in the Dachau concentration camp.[2]in 1944, he lost all opportunities and valuable work logs due to the destruction of his Institute. So he turned to special teaching and devoted himself to the rebuilding of the German Red Cross and founded the Red Cross blood donation center Baden-Baden.
After the end of the second world war, K.c joined the Denazification Committee of the medical faculty of the University of Freiburg.[2] The Corps Palatia Strasbourg awarded him in 1952, as well as in 1951 his brother Volker, the band.[3]in 1956 he became emeritus.

Georg Norin; Nazi Pharmacist, Auschitz. 31.08.1909.4 142 648. SS-Sturmbannführer-promotion on 09.11.1943, SS-Sturmbannführer d.R. Waffen-SS–promotion on 09.11.1943 r. Nazi
(He may appear on another page as well.) Died 1967 in Weil am Rhein, Germany.
dr Horst Thilo suicide in prison. (May be on another page).
To understand the corporate culture that motivates  chemical corporations to conduct poisonous chemical experiments on human beings,  it is instructive to examine the historic record of one of the industry’s  giants. Bayer’s history reveals a long and infamous record of human rights  violations, including slave labor and inhumane human experimentation.[20] [21] In 1948, the International War Crimes  Tribunal at Nuremberg found thirteen Bayer executives guilty of war crimes,  slavery, and crimes against humanity. The American Chemical Association notes  that all IG Farben pharmaceuticals were marketed under the Bayer trademark.[22] Throughout the Nazi  era, Bayer was the control center for IG Farben human experiments. Bayer’s  products – including drugs, pesticides, and nerve gases – were tested on  helpless death camp inmates.14

Holocaust survivor sues Bayer AG:

On February 17, 1999, a lawsuit was filed in U.S.  District on behalf of Eva Mozes Kor, one of 180 surviving twin children (out of  1,500) who had been subjected to medical experiments at Auschwitz. The suit  charged Bayer, of collaborating with Dr. Josef Mengele (the “Angel of Death”) to  commit medical atrocities for profit.[23]  The suit claimed that Auschwitz inmates were injected with toxic chemicals and  germs provided by Bayer “to intentionally make them sick in order to test the  effectiveness of its experimental medicines.”23 And the suit  claimed that Bayer officials personally monitored and supervised some of the  experiments. According to Irwin B. Levin, one of several lawyers who handled the  class action suit for the plaintiffs, Bayer paid Nazi officials to gain access  to those confined in the death camps and collaborated in Nazi experiments as a  form of “research and development.”

On June 11, 1999, ABC News 20/20 reported that new  documents not available to the tribunal at Nuremberg directly link Bayer to the  Nazi experiments. The documents are chilling evidence of the culture of  utilitarian ethics in which human beings had been reduced to commodities and  referred to as “test objects” A letter in which Bayer sales director,  Wilhelm Mann, praised Mengele’s experiments and promised to discuss financing  from the company:14 “I  have enclosed the first check,” Mann wrote. “Dr. Mengele’s experiments  should, as we both agreed, be pursued. Heil Hitler!”23 ABC reported that “Bayer says  there’s no evidence any money was actually sent.” ABC’s Brian Ross reported that  a longtime Bayer employee, Dr. Helmut Vetter was involved in testing Bayer  experimental vaccines and medicines on Auschwitz inmates. He was later executed  for giving inmates fatal injections. Levin stated: “Bayer actually performed  some of those atrocities.” He went on to say, “this case represents the worst  example of individual and corporate evil that the legal system may ever see.”[24]
2o. Coalition against BAYER-Dangers (CBG). Watchdog organization that publishes  information about global abuses by Bayer AG. Covers human rights and  environmental violations.

[21]  Germany:Farben to Create Slave Labor Fund, Associated Press Aug 23, 2000:

[23] ABC  News.20/20 Headaches for Bayer, June 11, 1999. (ABC News summarizing a  recent lawsuit filed by Holocaust survivors against Bayer for alleged abuses in  concentration camps);

[24] The case  against Bayer and other German corporations was settled out of court as part of  a comprehensive settlement in which Holocaust victims were awarded reparations  from Swiss banks and corporations, including Bayer.

Diarmuid Jeffreys, Hell’s Cartel: IG Farben and the Making of Hitler’s War Machine, Bloomsbury, 2009
Due to his role in Degesch, which included regular scrutinising of the company accounts, Wilhelm Rudolf Mann was privy to information regarding the vast quantities of Zyklon-B that the company supplied to the Schutzstaffel. He thus was also aware that the consumption rate at Auschwitz was ten times that which was needed for delousing. …but he claimed that he never considered any connection between this fact and the Holocaust before later still arguing that he had barely paid any attention to the company accounts in the first place. He personally agreed that IG Farben would finance the research work of Josef Mengele at Auschwitz…
Wilhelm Rudolf Mann, d. 1992. Barely served any punishment for crimes of Bayer in association with the Waffen SS Hygiene (Medical) unit.


more on nazi medicine, II

On May 6, 1945, the camp Ebensee was liberated by the Americans. Although rapidly verwahrlosten help for the sick and weakened organized could, more than 700 from the effects of imprisonment died. The biggest part of the guards picked up by the US military police. Most received no or only minor penalties. The camp physician Dr. Willi Jobst, the SS pattern leader Hermann Pribill, SS Medic Gustav Kreindl and SS block leader Hans Bühner were sentenced to death. The camp commandant Anton Ganz, until 1972, he was sentenced by a German Court of to life imprisonment. Ganz died, 1973.
SS-Hauptscharführer Martin Roth:
Otto Riemer, Ebensee Obersturmführer – managed to escape. born 19 May 1897 , date of death unknown. After the cancellation of the post of commandant of Ebensee, sent it to the main camp of Mauthausen, where he served as head of the mail.  Of his post-war fate nothing is known.
Günther Gereke (* 6. Oktober 1893 in Gruna; † 1. Mai 1970 in Neuenhagen bei Berlin)
Rudolf Reiner:
During World War II the Boehmische Escompte bank, headed by Rudolf Reiner,[2] was one of the institutions participating in the so-called Reinhardt’s fund (the jewels, silver and gold confiscated from the concentration camp inmates).
Moreover, during the 1960s a former SS officer for some time became mayor of Ebensee, without his Nazi past arousing much attention.
The money needed for the construction of the Mauthausen camp was gathered from a variety of sources, including commercial loans from Dresdner Bank and Prague-based Escompte Bank, the so-called Reinhardt’s fund (meaning money stolen from the inmates of the concentration camps themselves); and from the German Red Cross.[
**Theodor Friedrich Leiding – needs more
**Dr. Heess  (d 1951?)
after the war **Dr. Walter Schade found employment with the Zollkriminalinstitut Cologne. b. 1904 -?)
Dr. Heinz THILO, SS-Hauptsturmführer 1911 – 1945 Camp physician in  Birkenau
 suicide.From November 1942 until October 1944, Thilo was often the duty doctor on the  ramp as the trains pulled in from all over Europe.
In a letter to the RSHA, SS-Hauptsturmführer Heinz Trühe requests additional gas vans for “…a transport of Jews, which has to be treated in a special way…”[9] He was acquitted in a trial. Born 1908.
Kurt Engels (* 3. August 1915 in Köln; † 31. Dezember 1958 in Hamburg) war Kommandant des Konzentrationslagers Ghetto Izbica bei Lublin.

Ludwig Klemm (* 9. August 1917 in Odessa; † 1979 in Limburg) war SS-Unterscharführer und im 2. Weltkrieg stellvertretender Kommandant des Ghettos Izbica. Suicide.

Hans Ehard (10 November 1887 – 18 October 1980) was a German lawyer and
politician, a member of the Christian Social Union (CSU) party. not a
nazi.1933 he became President of the high court in Munich, a position he
held until the end of the war.
Hans Deuschl (* 21. Juli 1891 in Grafing bei München; † 27. April 1953 in Starnberg) war ein deutscher Mediziner, SS-Führer und Ärztefunktionär. After failed attempt of taking over in the Waffen-SS or transferred to the Dachau concentration camp to be. Early 1944 Deuschl eventually became Himmler’s Mayor of Starnberg at the instigation and remained in this capacity until to the war. After the war, Deuschl was entnazifiziert in November 1948 after a casting Chamber process in Starnberg as followers.
From mid November, 1941 to April 1943 he was head of health at the Commissioner General for Estonia in Tallinn and in personal Union Director of the “German clinic”. On January 24, 1942, he suggested to Himmler, “control of Fleckfiebers half of all Soviet prisoners of war in its territory shoot to leave, to get the other half of this Bolshevik beasts with double rations as labour”.[1] Its founder Hans Deuschl was classified during the Denazification as “Eberstein”, a follower.
Dr Johannes Peltret,  assistant.
Führerschule der Deutschen Ärzteschaft
The leader School of the German medical profession
The leader School of the German medical profession was an existing from 1935 to 1943 the Nazi German Medical Association (NSDÄB) in the village of ALT Rehse at Neubrandenburg. She served according to the ideas of NSDÄB of the “ideological training” of doctors, pharmacists and midwives and the central institution of NSDÄB to the ideological training of the German medical profession during World of War II.From September 1939 to 1941 and early 1943 to the end of the war the school served as a military hospital.
Fritz Lenz, Racial hygiene
dr Alfred Ploetz, racial hygiene.
Dr Agnes Bluhm d 1943
Philalethes Kuhn
Siegfried Koller d 1998
From 1945 to 1952, Koller was imprisoned in the Brandenburg-görden prison as a prisoner of the Red Army. After his release, he moved to West Germany, where he was head of the Department of demographic and cultural statistics from 1953 to 1962 at the Federal Statistical Office.As a member, he belonged to the German society for Wehrmedizin and military pharmaceutical and the German society for Bevölkerungswissenschaft.Koller retired on January 31, 1978. On May 17, 1982, Koller in Wiesbaden was awarded the cross of merit of first class of the order of merit of the Federal Republic of Germany.

other nazi names found.

Hans-Joachim Becker (* November 19 1909 in Kassel ;? †) was the head of the central clearinghouse for the T4 in the Third Reich and office manager of the Nazi killing center Hartheim .
Frederick Tillman (* August 6 1903 in Mulheim on the Rhine , † February 12 1964 in Cologne ), was in the Nazi Reich Director of Welfare orphanage care of Cologne and from 1940 to 1942 and director of the office department of the implementation of the “euthanasia Action T4 “Agents central office-T4 .
Hermann Schwenninger,  Nazi grey ambulances.
Hans Gustav Felber (born July 8, 1889 in Wiesbaden, Germany – March 8, 1962 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German General der Infanterie in the second world war.
involvement in war crimes.   The deportation of Polish Jews from the Lodz ghetto was ordered by Felber as then Chief of staff of the eighth army, before the command was issued by Reinhard Heydrich. This shows that the Wehrmacht was at an early stage leader involved in the persecution of Jews.[1]
The army group was responsible after the company Anton Felber of the defenses in the previously under the sole control of Vichy France. While Felbers troops were involved in the deportation of Jews from Marseille and the evacuation and destruction of the waterfront in January 1943.Against Felber, a discovery method for breach of international law on hostage killings in Serbia was in 1949 initiated before the District Court of Frankfurt/M., which was not continued.
Alfons Goppel (October 1, 1905 in Reinhausen, near Regensburg – December 24, 1991 in Johannesberg, near Aschaffenburg) was a German politician of the CSU party and Prime Minister of Bavaria (1962–1978).He unsuccessfully ran for mayor of Würzburg in 1956 and became an under secretary in the Bavarian Ministry of Justice the year after. He was Bavarian Minister of the Interior (1958–1962) and prime minister of Bavaria from December 11, 1962 to November 7, 1978, serving as President of the Bundesrat in 1972/73. In 1974 he gained the highest election victory for the CSU in Bavarian history with 62.1% of the votes
Bayerisches Staatsministerium der Justiz
Hans Ehard (10 November 1887 – 18 October 1980) was a German lawyer and politician, a member of the Christian Social Union (CSU) party. not a nazi.
1933 he became President of the high court in Munich, a position he held until the end of the war
Dr Walther Schultze (1 January 1894-16 August 1979) was a German physician and Reichsdozentenführer (Reich Leader of University Teachers) in Nazi Germany between 1935 and 1943. received  4 years.he served in the Freikorps under the command of Franz Ritter von Epp. Schultze had been involved in the Nazi Party since its founding in 1919.[1] He was involved in the Munich Beer Hall Putsch in 1923, organising the getaway car.[1] He was appointed head SA doctor in 1923. Later, Schultze moved into politics, serving as a deputy of the Bavarian parliament between 1926 and 1931. In November 1933, Schultze became Director of the Bavarian Ministry of Justice and head of the Public Health Department of the Ministry of the Interior.
Two years later, Schultze began the role for which he was best known, as Reich Leader of University Teachers.[1] During his tenure, Schultze played a key part in implementing Nazi racial policies, asserting that the success of German universities depended on having “the type of the combat-ready political, National Socialist fighters who regard their ‘Volk’ as the supreme good”.[1] Schultze was Reichsdozentenführer until 1943.
Schultze was also involved in the T-4 Euthanasia Program. At least 380 cases of aiding and abetting the killing of disabled people were traced to him. In 1960, he was sentenced to four years’ imprisonment. Schultze died on 16 August 1979 in Krailling, near Munich.
Reiner Mueller
Heinrich Wilhelm Kranz b. 1897
Otto Stickl
Ernst Heinrich Seifert
Kurt Klare.
Dr. Bahr
Race Hygiene and Peoples’ Biology Research Institute
Institut für Erbbiologie und Rassenhygiene.
Karl Fiehler (31 August 1895 – 8 December 1969) was a German politician of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and Lord Mayor of Munich from 1933 until 1945. He was born in Braunschweig, German Empire but died in Dießen am Ammersee, Bavaria, West Germany.In January 1949 Karl Fiehler, who was married and had three daughters, was sentenced to two years in a labour camp, the confiscation of one-fifth of his property and a twelve-year employment ban after “Spruchkammerverfahren” (English: “proceedings before denazification tribunals”). However he did not have to serve the sentence because the previous three and a half years of his detention were credited to the term of his imprisonment. Fiehler died on 8 December 1969 in the village of Dießen on the idyllic Lake Ammersee in the foothills of the Bavarian Alps.
Werner Koeppen (* September 26 1910 in Leipzig , † 1994 ) was a German SA -leader and political functionaries. Er wurde bekannt als Adjutant und persönlicher Referent des NS-Chefideologen Alfred Rosenberg .
Marquard-Ibbeken, Reich Min of Justice
Kater’s book, “Doctors under Hitler”:
league of women physicians:
under Wagner
Conti appted Dr Kuhlo to the Reich Phys Chamber (aertz) (died during the war).
The German Medical Association Association and the National Socialist German Medical Association were merged.
prof Dr. Ernst-Günther Schenck (3 October 1904 – 21 December 1998) was a German Standartenführer (colonel) and doctor who joined the SS in 1933. Because of a chance encounter with Adolf Hitler during the closing days of World War II, his memoirs proved historically valuable.[1] His accounts of this period influenced the accounts of Joachim Fest and James P. O’Donnell regarding the end
Dr. Wilhelm Genicke, Reich apothecary leader
Dr. med. Heinrich Grote, d 1951?
SS medical Academy
Dedication plaque of the “members of the Medical Academy of Berlin-Graz”
Founded the SS medical Academy was in Berlin as a training ground of the SS in 1937. In the autumn of 1940 it was moved, for strategic reasons to Graz, where she was housed in the building of the country Taubstummenanstalt, 12, Rosenberg belt, there existed until shortly before the war.
Joachim von Winterfeldt, ab 1925 von Winterfeldt-Menkin (* 15. Mai 1865 in Grünberg (heute Ortsteil von Brüssow), Landkreis Uckermark, Brandenburg; † 3. Juli 1945. Winterfeldt assumed the Chair of the male branch Association of the Red Cross in Prenzlau in 1902 in voluntary work, was a member of the Central Committee from 1904 to 1912 RK Vice-President of the province of Brandenburg, in 1916 and 1919 President of the Prussian and German Central Committee. In 1921, he became the first President. On May 15, 1933, Winterfeldt Menkin resigned as DRC President and was appointed to the Honorary President. On May 12, 1933, he had stated in a letter to Adolf Hitler: “I declare unconditional willingness to provide us your leadership on behalf of 1.5 million men and women of the DRC”.[2]
Reichsamtsleiter Karl Böhmer (?)
Hermann Reischle (* 22. September 1898 in Heilbronn; † 25. Dezember 1993 in Rengsdorf) war ein deutscher Volkswirt, NS-Agrarfunktionär, SS-Führer sowie Politiker (NSDAP).In 1944 he served in the SS – main Office of personnel.

Rudolf Brinkmann (* 28. August 1893 in Greene (Kreiensen); † unsicher; vermutlich 1955) war ein deutscher Nationalökonom und Staatssekretär im Nationalsozialismus.

In 1923, he took over the head of the Audit Office of the Reichsbank in Berlin and served as Assistant to the Executive Board of the Riksbank Act. Then he was on the Board of the National Bank branch in Hamburg and in 1931 was Director of the Imperial branch in Aschaffenburg, Germany.
After the transfer of power to the Nazis, he was in early 1933, Executive Board member at the German gold discount Bank and in 1937 at the Reichsbank.[1] In the Reich economic Ministry was Brinkmann shaft in 1934 under the new Minister Hjalmar initially as general officer active and where in 1938 was promoted to the Council of State. In early February 1938, he was appointed State Secretary in the Reich economic Ministry. From 1938 to 1939, he was also on the Board of Directors of the reichswerke AG for mining and ironworks “Hermann Göring”. In January 1939, Brinkmann was Vice President of the Reichsbank Board still briefly.[2] Brinkmann 1938 became a member of the SS [1] (SS number 308.241) and received the rank of a SS upper guide in November 1938.[3] Whether he still 1939 joined the Nazi party, [1] is not backed up.
Mid February 1939, Brinkmann was on leave from illness and transferred in May 1939 due to the duration of his illness in the waiting. Brinkmann was suffering from apparently acutely manisch-depressiv, what was described as a “severe nervous breakdown”.[4] Then he was committed to a mental institution in Bonn, where he was housed in closed until the end of World War II.[5][1] As Secretary of State in the Reich economic Ministry succeeded Friedrich Landfried and as Vice President of the Reichsbank Emil Puhl.
Dr. Ernst Wentzler, a Berlin pediatrician. Thousands of infant deaths. Wentzler never was prosecuted. He resumed his pediatric practice after World War II and died in 1973. He was 81.
Friedrich Landfried (* 26. September 1884 in Heidelberg; † 31. Dezember 1952 in Hamburg) war ein deutscher Verwaltungsjurist und Ministerialbeamter.[1]

Ernst Schwebel (* 1886 in Winningen an der Mosel; † 1955 in Marburg) war ein deutscher Verwaltungsjurist und Richter. Law.

Hermann Sommer (* 3. November 1882 in Berlin; † 16. März 1980 in Berlin-Zehlendorf) war ein deutscher Verwaltungsjurist und Richter. Law.
Helmut Sündermann (* 19. Februar 1911 in München; † 25. August 1972 in Leoni) war als einer der höchsten nationalsozialistischen Journalisten ein wichtiger Propagandist des nationalsozialistischen Staates.  SS  Suendermann 1941 promoted to Obersturmbannführer.[] In the following year he received a mandate in the Reichstag (the membership in the Parliament was a kind of appointment in the Third Reich and had no parliamentary importance.) (The award represented an allocation of deserved Nazi party members). Also in 1942, Suendermann became Deputy Press Officer of the Government
Otto Karl Gessler(* 6. Februar 1875 in Ludwigsburg; † 24. März 1955 in Lindenberg im Allgäu) war ein deutscher Politiker (DDP) und vom 27. März 1920 bis zum 19. Januar 1928 Reichswehrminister. He joined the resistance to Hitler, but had been with the Bayerische Deutsches Rotes Kreuz.
German red cross, post-war was led by a nazi!
Kurt Wagner (born June 29, 1911 in the District of Döbeln [1] – 2006) was the Technical Director of the high school of the Nazi party and from 1946 to 1976 Director of the DRC search service.
Deutsches Rotes Kreuz
He studied physics and mathematics from 1930 at the University of Leipzig, Helmut Schelsky and Fritz Arlt were among his fellow students. On February 1, 1932, Wagner became member of the NSDAP (Mitgliedsnr. 907.370).[2] The controversy over the German physics came to a 1935 with the case of Emil Rupp.[3] This contributed to that which Wagner professionally to oriented from physics to the education policy of the Nazi party. The were of the foreign policy Office of the NSDAP (APA) in Berlin-Dahlem Rheinbabenallee 22-26 was opened on February 7, 1935. On February 1, 1938, Kurt Wagner was hired by Alfred Rosenberg [4] in this institution.
 names of those who lectured at the Nazi High school:
The list of lecturers in the year 1938/1939 contains many high officials, of which several were sentenced as war criminals:
The list contains numerous staff of the Reichsführer SS security service. In the second half of the 1930s there were a students of the SD, which by Reinhard Hoehn and Dean “Auslandswissenschaftlichen school” was pushing the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik, Franz six.[August Heißmeyer, Franz Six, Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich, Hans Severus Ziegler, Helmut Knochen, Herbert Backe, Alfred-Ingemar Berndt, Reichsamtsleiter Karl Böhmer, Staatssekretär im Reichswirtschaftsministerium Rudolf Brinkmann, Otto Dietrich, Franz Xaver Dorsch, Hans Frank, Staatssekretär Hans Fritsche,[5] der Direktor der Lufthansa Carl August von Gablenz, Friedrich Grimm, SA-Obersturmbannführer Georg Haller, Albrecht Haushofer, Werner Otto von Hentig, Wilhelm Keppler, Werner Lorenz, Reichshauptamtsleiter Dr. Hermann Reischle, Hauptamt „Blut und Boden“ im Reichsamt für Agrarpolitik, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Stellvertretender Reichspressesprecher der NSDAP Helmut Sündermann , Wilhelm Weiß, Viktor Lutze. Die Aufzählung enthält zahlreiche Mitarbeiter des Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers SS. In der zweiten Hälfte der 1930er gab es eine Akademisierung des SD, welche von Reinhard Höhn und vom Dekan „Auslandswissenschaftlichen Fakultät“ der Deutschen Hochschule für Politik, Franz Six forciert wurde.]
This patronage and the fact that Rosenberg held the civilian part of warfare from June 22, 1941, as the Reich Ministry for the occupied eastern territories, protected the staff of the Office Rosenberg as Wagner initially before the military operation.
Career in the Third Reich ;DRC country offices areas
Due to the “law on the German Red Cross” of December 9, 1937, a statute of German Red cross was adopted the cross and formed the areas of country offices, which corresponded to the 15 military districts of the Wehrmacht. (compare with German Empire within the borders of 31 December 1937)
Wagner had numerous meetings with Gerhard Utikal, the head of the operational staff Reich leader Rosenberg (ERR). The ERR robbed all possible art and cultural objects in the German sphere of influence, and partially destroyed it. A collection point for the books of these raids was the “high school technically derived from Wagner of the Nazi party” in Berlin and another the Institute for the study of the Jewish question in Frankfurt. In January 1940, Rosenberg was commissioned by Adolf Hitler to build the “high school of the Nazi party”. in 1940, Wagner was hired at the APA-school and presented a memorandum to the Organization and research of the high school.
As the first student body of high school of the Nazi party was opened on March 26, 1941 in Frankfurt, Bockenheimer Highway 68, the Institute for the study of the Jewish question. On June 5, 1942 an Institute for German folklore was founded under the direction of Dr. Karl Haiding. In mid-1942, Wagner developed a nine treatise on idea and mission of high school. On August 12, 1942, Alfred Baeumler employed as head of unit of the high school and Wagner named as his representative. In one, with October 27, 1942 dated opinion on a book by Philipp Lenard whose German physics Wagner criticized and makes him responsible for the paralysis of the Nazi scientific planning in the Department of physics.
On February 20, 1943, agreement has been reached between Bormann and Rosenberg, need to close high school “for the duration of the special situation” and to restrict which no Unabkömmlich setting the field offices to professors. The main building of the high school of the NSDAP in Berlin was destroyed on November 25, 1943. Wagner said on December 15, 1943 at SA-Sturmbannführer Werner Koeppen, adjutant of Rosenberg, to restrict Haiding to technical. Thus, he wanted to know reached that Karl of Pike (born 1880-1957) got no Chair. On January 10, 1944, Gerhard Utikal in the party Office discussed the impact of V Guide available 7/43 on the “representative of the leader for the monitoring of the entire intellectual and ideological training and education of the Nazi party”. With regard to UK positions of employees of the “AMT Rosenberg” such as Wagner, the demand of 6 months front “in generous interpretation” is met.
meeting was held with the representative of the Imperial Treasurer of the NSDAP, Franz Xaver Schwarz, the high school on May 8, 1944. Werner Koeppenbelonged to the participants, Alfred Baeumler and Wagner. Wagner suggested to some that the archives would be brought from Frankfurt to Hungen so with imperial auditor. Wagner should come to Hungen, to inform. On August 12, 1944, Wagner drafted a letter to the party Office, in which he depicted what could be closed when in high school.

Participation in the NSV.
After a trip to the Munich Office of the Party of the Nazi party, Wagner in October 1944 was employed with UK position in the National Socialist People’s welfare (NSV). The Blockwarte of the NSV was decentralised in the investigation of the mail to the recipient and sender identification integrated. In a mobilized society was a working Postnachsendewesen with postal investigation of kriegsentscheidender importance. In the territory of the Nazi party were for a very large number of in concentration camps trafficked and sometimes murdered people plausible locations or causes of death held in and mediated. Articles 114, 115, 117, 118, 123, 124, and 153 of the Constitution of the German Empire since February, 1933 “until further notice” were set aside in accordance with regulation of the President for the protection of people and State. [7] Article 117 treated including the secrecy of correspondence and was: the secrecy of correspondence, as well as the postal, Telegraph and Fernsprechgeheimnis shall be inviolable.
After the war: from the EPS to the DRC
Wagner in Flensburg, Germany appeared to May 8, 1945. It is unclear whether Wagner was in the Entourage of Rosenberg who even tried such as Himmler to come in the last Government of Dönitz. Wagner’s formal Manager, Martin Bormann was in Berlin. It is unknown who has determined Himmler for his negotiations with Folke Bernadotte, the whereabouts of the prisoners in the concentration camps. The self-portraits now describe Wagner studied mathematics, which fought on the eastern front with his troops and Helmut Schelsky. trans from German wikipedia.
Generalkommissar for the  Crimean peninsula-
Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld (18 May 1898 in Vienna – 10 May 1977 in Hamburg) was an Austrian Nazi leader. An engineer by occupation,[1] he was associated with the pro-Nazi Germany wing of Austrian Nazism.
Harun-el-Raschid Bey-Hintersatz , Wilhelm Hintersatz- died on  29th of March, 1963.
Gustav Eggert b. 1894…Head of Amtsgruppe AII (Chief of the SS Cash & Salary System)Emil Görner, Kreisleiter, forced labor.

August Schmidhuber- it says he saved Jews.
On 12.09.1943 the “Gefechtsgruppe Schmidhuber“ conquered Ragusa (Dubrovnik) and  captivated all Italiens (Operation “Axis“). General Guiseppe Amico was shot. According to Rolf Michaelis“Die Gebirgs-Divisionen der Waffen-SS“, Berlin  1998, the SD was responsible for the killing of this general (who saved jews  from death). Schmidhuber is said to have ordered the arrest of all jews  living there.
Paul Otto Radomski (auch Radomsky; * 21. September 1902; † unbekannt) war ein deutscher Nationalsozialist, SS-Sturmbannführer und Lagerkommandant mehrerer Konzentrationslager. Seit dem Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieg gilt Radomski als verschollen.Ran the camp near Athens.
On  November 28, 1943, he replaced the camp of Chaidari, *Rudi Tepte,[Rudolf Tepte] the concentration camp. camp on 15 April succeeded as Commandant on 27 February 1944 the SS officer Karl Fischer.[6] died 1953.
After the war loses its track. investigations were instituted against several times, but provided for non determination of his person.

Roland Hampe (* 2. Dezember 1908 in Heidelberg; † 23. Januar 1981 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher Klassischer Archäologe.Assisted Felmy

Günther Altenburg (Königsberg, 5 June 1894 – Bonn, 23 October 1984) was a German diplomat.


More, nazis, euthanasia, Hans Frank.


NEW: Margarethe Hübsch (* 19. Juni 1903; † 30. August 1983) war eine Oberärztin und stellvertretende Primaria in der Wiener städtischen Nervenklinik für Kinder Am Spiegelgrund und Beteiligte an der Kinder-Euthanasie. Chief Dr. Acquitted.

At Posen (occupied Poznań), hundreds of patients were killed by means of carbon monoxide gas in an improvised gas chamber developed by Dr Albert Widmann, chief chemist of the German Criminal Police (Kripo). In December 1939, the SS head, Heinrich Himmler, witnessed one of these gassings, ensuring that this invention would later be put to much wider uses.[49]

Dr Helmut Unger, a consultant for the child euthanasia. No bio.

Marianne Turk (* 31 May 1914 in Vienna; † 11 January 2003 was) was an Austrian pediatrician and involved in crime in the context of Child euthanasia . Early release 1952.

Kurt Krause (Nationalsozialist), († 1944 ?), leader, Ghetto Riga. It’s unkn. if he was killed.

Benno Franz Theodor Martin (born February 12, 1893 in Kaiserslautern; died July 2, 1975 in Munich) was a German jurist and Nazi Germany Chief Constable in Nürnberg-Fürth, SS-Obergruppenführer General der Waffen-SS und Polizei as well as higher SS and police leader main.Dr Benno Martin was in charge of the depo. of the Jews from Nuremberg.
a part of the Russian prisoners had died. The second procedure concerned the involvement of Martin’s on four of seven transports of Jews from Swiss francs after Riga, Lublin and Theresienstadt between November 1941 and September 1942. At the beginning of the 1960s lived Martin in Munich

Hans Frank, Gov. of Poland:

The others had no pity for us either. As an old National Socialist, I must also  say that if the pack of Jews were to survive the war in Europe while we sacrifice the best of our blood for the preservation of Europe, then this war would still only be a partial success.

Hans Frank in Krakow

I will therefore, on principle, approach Jewish affairs in the expectation that the Jews will disappear. They must go. I have started negotiations for the purpose of having them pushed off to the East.

In January there will be a major conference on this question in Berlin to which I shall send State Secretary Dr Buhler. The conference is to be held in the office of SS Obergruppenfuhrer Heydrich at the Reich Security Main Office.

A major Jewish migration will certainly begin. But what should be done with the Jews? Can you believe that they will be accommodated in settlements in the Ostland?

In Berlin we were told: why are you making all this trouble? We don’t want them either – not in Ostland or in the Reichskommisariat: liquidate them yourselves!

Gentlemen I must ask you to steel yourselves against all considerations of compassion. We must destroy the Jews wherever we find them and wherever it is at possible, in order to maintain the whole structure of the Reich, the views that were acceptable up to now cannot be applied to such gigantic, unique events.

In any case, we must find a way that will lead us to our goal and I have my own ideas on this.

The Jews are exceptionally harmful feeders for us. In the Government – General we have approximately 2.5 million, and now perhaps 3.5 million together with persons who have Jewish kin and so on.

October 26, 1939,  order by Hans Frank mandating compulsory labor for the Jewish population

We cannot shoot these 3.5 million Jews, we cannot poison them, but we will take measures that will somehow lead to successful destruction; and this in connection with large-scale procedures which are to be discussed in the Reich, the Government-General must become as free of Jews as the Reich.

When and how this is to be done is the affair of bodies which we will have to appoint and create, and on whose work I will report to you when the time comes.

-This statement was made some five weeks before the meeting of senior officials at 56-58 Grosser Wannsee, Berlin, on January 20, 1942, where the final administrative details concerning the Final Solution of the Jewish question were discussed in detail.


Bruno Peter Kleist (* 29. Januar 1904 in Marienwerder, Westpreußen; † nach 6. November 1971 suicide. nazi .

General Kurt Malzer, Nazi in Rome, died in 1952.

Austrian Ludwig Koch was the head of the Gestapo and the neo-Fascist Italian police in Rome and received 3 years imprisonment after the war.

Reiner Stahel, d. 1955  combat Commander of Rome was from September 1943 until December 1943.[1] Pope Pius XII. 1943 tried prior to the deportation of Roman Jews about the City headquarters to stop the upcoming RAID. He sent his liaison to the German authorities, so also to Sanders. It rejected the notion of himself with the remark that he had to create anything; the action is the sole judge of the SS.[2]In late July 1944 Stahel was appointed for a month the Red Army General of Warsaw in Poland, and was surrounded by the Polish home army during the Warsaw Uprising in his headquarters. The uprising was eventually put down and almost completely destroyed the city.[5][6]In late August 1944 the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht Stahel sent to Bucharest after the Royal coup d ‘ état and break of Romania as a combat Commander.[7][8] There he got together with Lieutenant-General Alfred Gerstenberg after a few days in Soviet captivity until his death in various camps, he spent. He died on November 30, 1955 in the prisoner of war camp Woikowo of a heart attack.

Theodor Emil Saevecke (born March 22, 1911 in Hamburg; died 2000) was an SS Hauptsturmführer (Captain) and war criminal, who was involved in the Organization of Tunisian Jews forced and executions of hostages in Italy in world of War II. After 1945, Saevecke worked for the American intelligence agency CIA and leading role in the German Federal Criminal Police Office.

Friedrich de Brix, Landrat (District Mayor) (Landratsamt) of Tilsit. Bialystok, nazi. No more info.


“Der Untermensch,” pamphlet. SS-Obersturmführer Ludwig Pröscholdt,  Jupp Daehler, and –König, , SS-Hauptamt-Schulungsamt were its producers.

Victor Rashid(* 27 November 1895 in upper Lazisk; died April 5 , 1966 in Heitersheim) was a Polish-German psychiatristwho was involved as a Director the Gau sanatorium Tiegenhof and T4 expert deep in NAZI euthanasia crimes.

Wilhelm Wesse (* 22 January 1912 in Düsseldorf; † October 20 , 1989 in Bad Hersfeld) was a German psychiatrist who took part in the euthanasia crimes of the Nazis in the 1930s and 1940s. During this time, he worked on several psychiatric hospitals, including the institution of Andernach, institution Waldniel , and the Kalmenhof in Idstein. In contrast to the most other perpetrators of Nazi euthanasia crimes that remained if they do not immediately were sentenced to death and also largely unscathed, Walsh had to serve a sentence of almost twenty years after the war.

Rudolf_Lonauer ..

Georg Renno (* January 13 1907 in Strasbourg; died October 4 1997 in Neustadt an der Weinstraße) was responsible for the killing of 28,000 people in the Nazi euthanasia programme T4 in 1940 as a Deputy Medical Director NS-Tötungsanstalt Hartheim.

Those chiefly responsible for recruiting the lower-ranking staff, according to subsequent witness statements, were the two Gau inspectors, Stefan Schachermayr (1912–2008) and Franz Peterseil (1907–1991), as well as Adolf Gustav Kaufmann (1902–1974), head of the inspection department of the T4 central office in Berlin. more names of Nazis involved in the Euthanasia:

Hermann Karl

Walter Kreuz

Stefan Schachermayr

Adolf Gustav Kaufmann

Franz Peterseil


Fritz Ritterbusch (born. January 11 1894–. ?) -Nazi, a member of the crew of the camp Late, Hinzert concentration camp, Lublin and Gross-Rosen and SS-Obersturmführer[1] .[trans from polish, wikipedia]
He was born in Zschopau , near Werdau, government official. He participated in World War I, serving in 153. and 264. Infantry Regiment. He was a member of the SA, the NAZI PARTY from 25 January 1925 year (6 card number 317) and SS from the 1931 year (registration No. 9 107). In October 1934, the year the officer 91. Universal Regiment SS in Lodz. Since the spring of the year 1940 to January 30, 1941, the year he held an unspecified function in camp IV at KL Late, then was moved to the post of Commander of one of the wartowniczych company of the camp. The camp moved January 10, 1943 to the staff of the komendantury KL, where he was aide-de-camp to the Hinzert concentration camp ,Commandant of the camp, Paul Sporrenberg. 18 June in 1943 he moved to KL Lublin. In the spring of 1944 he seconded to KL Gross-Rosen, where from May this year to 13 February 1945 he was the Commander of the company, as well as the Manager of subcamps of Parschnitz in Pozici and AL of Trautenau in Trutnovie in the Czech Republic[2] .post-war fate not known.

Karl Fielitz, head of the Gestapo branch office in Antwerp, no info.

  • On 8 July 1981 judgment was given against Kurt Asche: Seven years’ imprisonment for aiding and abetting the murder of at least 10,000 Jews. Kurt Asche was his sentence in January 1983 in the prison Hamburg Fuhlsbüttel after its enforcement ability was detected.

    After serving his prison sentence Kurt Asche lived in Hamburg-Eimsbüttel. Died in 1998, meaning free from 1990 to 98.

NEW: Central Building office of the Waffen SS, East

Z.A.Heimann, named.

the Bauinspektions-Bereiche * Reich Nord (Berlin): SS-Stubaf. Schulring *

Reich-Süd (Dachau): SS-Ostuf. Herbert Karl or Hubert Karl, b. 1907 From May 1943 until the collapse of the Nazi regime, he was eventually head of the Construction Inspection of the Waffen SS Empire-South   When the war ended, Karl arrested by the Allies and said subsequently in the process of Economic and Administrative Main Office of the SS as a prosecution witness. [2]

* Reich-West (Wiesbaden): SS-Stubaf. Robert Riedl

* Reich-Ost (Posen): SS-Stubaf: Wilhelm Lenzer or Lemzer?

* Böhmen und Mähren (Prag): ??? * Schlesien (Auschwitz/Kattowitz): SS-Stubaf. Karl Bischoff

* Südost (Schabac): ??? * Russland-Mitte (Minsk): ???

The Bauinspektionen were subordinated to Amt C-V/WVHA (Zentrale Bauinspektion; SS-Stubaf. Wilhelm Lemzer [sic]) and were subdivided into Zentralbauleitungen and Bauleitungen.

book: Peter-Ferdinand Koch (1988): Himmlers graue Eminanz – Oswald Pohl and the Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt der SS

(Camp Administration) lead by SS Obersturmbannführer Karl Mockel :Auschwitz d. 1948

Heinrich Schoppe, SS-Unterscharführer b. 17.5.1922. Fate Unknown.

SS-Uscha. Gottfried Weisse

Walter Urbanczyk served at Auschwitz concentration camp as deputy to construction office. He was SS-Obersturmfuhrer (F) and was born on 12 June 1901 in Hungary . Disappears after 1945.

In May 1945 he was arrested by the allies but they only kept him in a detention camp from he was released after a few months.  His post war life is a mystery.  He was never prosecuted.  Actually all officers from the “Zentral Bauleitung der Waffen SS und Polizei Auschwitz O/S”, the unit that was responsible for the construction of the crematoriums and gaschambers in Auschwitz, their “job” made it possible to exterminate 700.000 people, got away with their crimes unpunished.  Karl Bischoff, the leader of this unit, died in 1950 and has never been tried.  Walter Dejaco & Fritz Ertl , the architects of the crematoriums & gaschamber were prosecuted in Vienna in 1972 for their part in the holocaust but were acquitted of all charges in 1972; their defence: we were only following orders.

This is a document from the ss construction office in KL Auschwitz.  The document is written on March 5 1942 to the ss administration office that was responsible for the construction of the concentration camps: SS Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt Ambtsgruppe C/I.  In this letter Karl Bischoff is asking what the policy is on the use of Zyklon B (Blausäure vergassung) for delousing KL inmates, because he has heard from ***Z.A.Heimann from the SS Bauinspektion Ost der Waffen SS, that it is prohibited to use Zyklon B for this purpose. And if this is the case he has to adapt the laundry building.  The letter is signed by Bischoff and on the bottom someone in Berlin has written that they are going to wait with an conclusive answer until they have done sufficient testing.   Although it is a letter about the use of Zyklon B for what it initially was designed for, desinfecting clothing, it were these engineers and their design work that made the gaschambers in Auschwitz so efficient. source:

de, wiki : Dejaco, Walter: Subject-matter of their involvement in the Holocaust was by design, construction and maintenance of the gas chambers and crematoria of Auschwitz-Birkenau. Dejaco was also accused of 1940-1942 killed twelve concentration camp prisoners or killed. [11]

“Their construction was from the outset a short-vegetating the prisoners aligned, and placed a mockery of the basic principles of construction technology that represents the defendants were well aware that they no windows and adequate ventilation built, closely adjacent barracks did not offer enough living space for people, we see from their efforts to improve the watch dogs and cows certain barracks through adequate ventilation to ensure a healthy posture of the animals. “”

– From the indictment of 18 June 1971 against Walter Dejaco and Fritz Ertl before the Regional Court of Vienna [12]

The Central Construction Office of the Waffen-SS and Police Auschwitz under their temporary manager Karl Bischoff was the Waffen-SS associated construction management for the design, planning and construction of the extermination and concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, along with the gas chambers and crematoria at the time of the German occupation of Poland between 1941 and 1944th Their involvement in it can be estimated by preserved up to the present document relatively well. This SS-house planning and construction management agency designed the corresponding plans and made locally for their implementation to ongoing repair work during the mass killings by other perpetrators, who belonged to the SS camp.

1 SS construction department of the main camp  2 Central Construction  3

SS construction department of the main camp [Edit]   On 27 April 1940 ordered Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler, built in Oswiecim (Auschwitz) to a regional prison and transit camp for 10,000 men. [1] in the suburb Zasole were several brick buildings that had previously served as the Polish artillery barracks. For the expansion of the main camp, the SS New Construction Department Auschwitz / Upper Silesia was responsible, it was in May 1940 led to the November 1941 by architect

August Butcher [2] ????

Senior staff were among others Walter Urbanczyk as deputy, [3] the architect Walter. Dejaco and the civil engineer Fritz Ertl.   The camp commandant Rudolf Hoess was a weekly report on the progress of the construction work. Initially focused on water supply, drainage and drainage of the site. Among the first construction projects included the renovation of a former ammunition depots (“bunker”) at a crematorium;. Was a first furnace of Topf and Sons ready in August 1940 [4] In September 1940, ordered Oswald Pohl, the storage capacity by increasing make 14-story barracks. On the completed building plans included the renovation of the building later known as Block 11, in the basement were dark cells. [5]   Hans Kammler, the SS Main Office Budget and Construction ordered on 27 September 1941, [6] to build the “Area of ​​Interest Auschwitz” a new camp for first 50,000 Soviet prisoners of war – later to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Kammler believed, August butcher is not the pending tasks grown larger, [7] and gave early October 1941, Karl Bischoff this task.   Central Construction

Almost all known plans for the war prisoners and concentration camp Birkenau originate from 1941 from Bischoff himself partly complementary works were awarded to civilian architects, responsible Bischoff was always personal. The superior authority it was the official group C (Department of civil engineering) in the central SS Economic and Administrative Main Office in Berlin, the direct superior was SS-group leader Hans Kammler.   In early 1943, there are about 20 members of the SS in the Engineer, the roughly 100 detainees – let architects, surveyors and engineers work as a character agents and surveyors for the murder machine.   In April 1944, Bishop left the concentration camp for a new office to Katowice (Katowice dt). The Central Construction Office of the concentration camp Birkenau was closed and the building sealed in the course of 1944. With the destruction of the records of the concentration camp in January 1945 by the SS the disused building in the Central Building was “forgotten” or not included as an existing archive services. Therefore, this archive of the Central Construction as documentary material largely preserved in state archives in Moscow and can be explored. In breaking the records remained in the immediate post-war period, a smaller portion of its records in Poland. Bischoff’s successor on the ground was from 1 November 1943

Werner Jothann.   The Head of Office   Bischoff worked on construction of the railroad, was used in World War I in 1917 in the Air Force. After the war he completed a degree in civil engineer. Bischoff was a member of the Nazi Party from 1932, and a member of the SS From 1935 he worked as a civilian in the “Office of the Chief Administration for construction of the Air Force” after the war began, and worked mainly in the construction of airfields in Belgium and northern France participated. The SS General Hans Kammler leader Bischoff offered the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer and the leading role of the special supervision (later Central Construction) for the planned construction of a prisoner of war camp at Auschwitz. In October 1941, Bishop first met with Kurt Prüfer of Topf & Sons and was on site plans for a large new crematorium morgue in construction. The plans are (get consenting initials of Kammler and Himmer) in part with the names. Although the internal service road on the object of the death camps was rarely addressed directly, Bischoff reported to his superior Kammler early completion of “Crematorium II” in a letter dated 29 January 1943 with the following words:

“The ovens in the presence of the Lord was the chief engineer examiner exporting firm, company fired pot and Sons, Erfurt, and funtionieren perfectly. The reinforced concrete ceiling of Mortuary was due to frost not be struck. Which is not significant, since the gasification cellar can be used for this purpose. [8] ”

„Die Öfen wurden im Beisein des Herrn Oberingenieur Prüfer der ausführenden Firma, Firma Topf u. Söhne, Erfurt, angefeuert und funtionieren tadellos. Die Eisenbetondecke des Leichenkellers konnte infolge Frosteinwirkung noch nicht ausgeschalt werden. Die ist jedoch unbedeutend, da der Vergasungskeller hierfür benützt werden kann.[8]“

↑ Holocausthistory: „Vergasungskeller“ (Brief von SS-Hauptsturmführer Karl Bischoff an SS-Oberführer Hans Kammler, 29. Januar 1943).

Also, this document comes from the archive of the Central Construction Office, which had been disbanded 1944th The documents thus escaped the destruction of documents by the retreating Nazis and were transferred to the Moscow State Archives. In the schedule, there are also orders for apparatus for the detection and special doors, their purpose is clear.   2008 in Germany discovered the original blueprints of the “supervision of the Waffen-SS and Police Auschwitz” in 2009 the Holocaust Memorial Yad Vashem have pledged to Israel. [9]

Jothann Werner (born 18 May 1907 [1] in Eldenburg (goods) / Waren (Müritz), † unknown) was a German civil engineer, and the October 1943 led the Central Construction Office of the Waffen-SS and Police Auschwitz.   Life []   Jothann graduated after completing his school career studying at the higher technical colleges Neustadt and Buxtehude. [2]   Activities during World War II   Jothann early 1941 was assigned to the supervision of the SS New Construction Department Auschwitz / Upper Silesia, the developing the company’s main camp. In December 1941 it was integrated into the Central Construction Office of the Waffen-SS and Police Auschwitz, led by Karl Bischoff.   In March 1942 Jothann was appointed SS-man assault. Jothann was mainly responsible for the construction of the factory igniter Krupp AG and the district heating plant. Despite the low level of service, he was appointed bishop of the “key worker to be carried out for the special action”. Jothann learned in March 1943, an extraordinary rise in rank and was immediately promoted to SS-Obersturmführer (technical leader of the Waffen SS – Section Building [2]) promoted.   In early April 1943 followed by Jothann Fritz Ertl as deputy of Bischoff. In early November 1943, he took over as Bischoff’s successor, the construction management at Auschwitz and was assigned to carry out the duties as head of the Central Construction Office. [3] He remained “closely connected to his former boss and subordinate.” [4]   Jothann commissioned the firm of Topf and Sons in order to overtake the ovens of the crematoria of Auschwitz-Birkenau, and was installed on the arrival of Hungarian Jews in May 1944, a vent in a gas chamber. [5]

— some of this info is repeated on another page in this blog=


more on Auschwitz, part II


NEW material added 7/23/12: Grünenthal was founded 1946 by Hermann Wirtz, Sr. as Chemie Grünenthal GmbH in Stolberg (Rhineland), later it was renamed in Grünenthal GmbH and the headquarter was moved to Aachen. A lot of old Nazis got positions in the company, as Otto Ambros, who was one of the responsibles for the KZ Auschwitz III.[3] source: Wikipedia, Grunenthal

Heinrich Mückter [Mueckter]  (born June 14, 1914 in Körrenzig [1]; † 1987) was a German physician, pharmacologist and chemist. Of the Polish judicial him medical experiments on concentration camp prisoners and forced laborers during the Nazi era were accused. He escaped arrest by fleeing to the western zones of occupation. [2]

Publicly known he was in his position as scientific director at the pharmaceutical company Grünenthal in Stolberg, where under his leadership, the sleeping and sedative thalidomide developed.

In 1933 he became a member of the SA and in 1937 joined the Nazi Party. [1] During the years of World War II he was a staff physician and deputy director of the [Institute for Research of typhus virus] and the Army High Command in Krakow. With inhuman methods where the Weigl vaccine against typhoid fever was made. The “medical experiments” concentration camp prisoners were used as subjects, not a few died there. Polish forced laborers were used as hosts for the pathogen lice to death. In 1946, the public prosecutor in Krakow, was therefore warrant against Henry Mückter, but he was able to escape by fleeing into the western zones of occupation.

From 1946 Henry Mückter Grünenthal worked in GmbH, Stolberg. There he developed the substance N-Phthalylglutaminsäureamid who was named thalidomide. Thalidomide was the basis of the sleeping and sedative thalidomide, on 1 October 1957 and was put on the market in Germany was not as advertised prescription drug to pregnant women primarily. Thalidomide was not only the basis for thalidomide, but specimens were also included as Grippex and Algosediv. Thalidomide is responsible for the malformation of about 5000-10000 newborn children in the late 1960s 1950er/Anfang came to the world, and for many miscarriages. The geneticist Widukind Lenz called on 15 Mückter november 1961, calling for a withdrawal of the product. [5] At the end of 1961, stopped the sale of the preparation by the management. In January 1968, Mückter and other responsible employees of Grünenthal GmbH put on trial. This ended in April 1970 with a termination of the proceedings.

Hermann Eyer (born June 29, 1906 in Mannheim; died 28 February 1997 in Munich) was a German physician and microbiologist.
Still he studied still the medicine in Heidelberg that 1932 with degree and PhD. graduated from. Eyer was approved in 1933 and obtained a position at the hygienic and bacteriological Institute of the University of Erlangen, where he later received his Habilitation in November 1933.[2]
After the transfer of power to the Nazis, he joined the SA in 1933 and despite recording lock of the party beginning August 1935 joined the Nazi party (Mitgliedsnr. 3.687.955).[2]After he 1936 was habilitated at Erlangen, he was appointed Privatdozent at the University of Berlin and 1943 to extraordinary Professor in 1937.[2] in 1937 he was reassigned to the Robert-Koch-Institute, where he did research in the virus Research Department under the direction Eugen Haagens of vaccine infection in mice.[3] In the spring of 1939 Eyer participated in tests with spot fever vaccinations in Addis Ababa with his assistant Przybylkiewicz in the Italian-occupied Ethiopia and had also to the Duke of Aosta Institute itself put an appropriate vaccination with this.[4] Previously he had participated as a surgeon major under the direction of German health management in the second Italo-Abyssinian War, to observe the effect of certain drugs in the Italian army. World War II: Director of Institute for virus research of the OKH in Krakow and typhus .
After the start of World War II he led after the German occupation of Poland from October 1939 until the retreat of the Wehrmacht in 1944, last in the rank of a Over-staff Doctor, the Institute for virus research of the high command of the army in Krakow and typhus.[6] Deputy Director at the Cracow Institute was the next Henry Mückter, the later head of research at Grünenthal, under whose leadership the sleeping and sedative Contergan was developed.[7] The Polish biologist Rudolf Weigl from summer of 1941 in Lemberg led an offshoot of this institution.
Eyer left in April 1940 after Weigl (lice vaccine) to the spotted fever immunization at the Institute led by him produce a vaccine, which he preferred to the yolk sac vaccines. The competing products were tested by comparative trials on humans in the Buchenwald concentration camp to clarify their effectiveness.[9] Eyer visited together with the MC Bernhard Schmidt of the army health on February 8, 1943 the spot fever experimental station of the hygiene Institute of the Waffen-SS in the concentration camp of Buchenwald, which was led by the SS doctor Erwin Ding-Schuler:
“It is true that Dr. Eyer has visited the block 46 in Buchenwald accompanied by a different doctor.” I had the job to present the clinical records and charts of the subjects on him. About this he asked some technical to me. “In particular because of the Strophantin dosage [heart tonic]”
-The former Kapo and Chief Curator Arthur Dietzsch of spot fever station in block 46 in a statement of June 28, 1960, in the pedestrian
Eyer led to 1940 also erbbiologische factors for spot fever infections: these infections came from also “verlausten and dirt starrenden quarters spot fieberkranker Jews in Central Poland”, so there ought to be the “isolation of the Jewish ghettos”, “Against any population shifts” to the “closure of all endemic herd”, and among other things in the ‘Caftans of ghetto Jews”come to”Mass entlausungen”of those were therefore.
When the war ended, Eyer was for a short time in captivity and was interrogated by members of the army to his activities.[13] In the process of the Nuremberg doctors he issued a statutory declaration in favour of the accused Wilhelm Beiglböck on 26 February 1947.[14]
In 1946, Eyer Professor of hygiene at the University of Bonn and Director of the hygienic Institute was.[2] in 1957 moved to the University of Munich, where he worked until his retirement as Professor of hygiene and medical microbiology and Director of Max by Pettenkofer Institute 1974 Eyer.
In 1952, he was a corresponding member of the American Chemical Society.[2] Since 1957, he joined the Leopoldina.[15] From 1966 he of the American society for Microbiology and hygiene at.[2] He was also for a long time its speaker at the Wehrmedizinischen Advisory Board of the Bundeswehr and he belonged to the Federal Health Council. He chaired the Board of Trustees of the Bavarian Academy of occupational medicine and the German society for hygiene and microbiology.
In the so-called pedestrian Buchenwald was determined by the Limburg public prosecutor’s Office in 1960 against suspicious persons for murder to the fact complex spot fever attempts in the concentration camp. In the investigation, called people were included in the thing-diary, as well as in the documents submitted to the doctors trial. The procedure was discontinued mid 1961.[16] In the setting justification, it was said regarding Eyer and Schmidt, “we could have not expected, that they took something against this”.[17]
The Prussian Institute was 1935 first attached the Reich Health Office and 1942 National Institute. Individual members of the Institute participated in the inhumane human experiments in concentration camps, others held comparable positions in the (wehrwissenschaftlich oriented) science system of the Third Reich as other medical facilities of this time. Robert Koch Inst.
the “Institut für Fleckfieber- und  Virusforschung der Wehrmacht / Krakau”
 The first chief of this institute was  Prof. Dr. Herrmann Eyer
and up from 1942/43 Dr. Heinrich Mückter.
For example, in East Germany, Herman Voss became a prominent anatomist and in West Germany, Eugen Wannenmacher became a professor at the University of Münster and Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer, who had been Josef Mengele‘s mentor and sponsor, was allowed to continue his medical practice.[3][4][6]Their Nazi past was generally ignored, though some were forced to work under false names. The experiments they conducted have been cited in medical journals and sometimes republished with no reference or disclaimer as to how the research data were obtained.[3]
In turn called SS student gradeSS-Sanitätsdienstgrade (SDG)  (SDG) were as support staff allocated to the camp doctors, who acted as members of the SS in the prison medical buildings as a nurse. This student levels had completed often none or only short nursing assistant training (Medic) and had therefore only limited medical knowledge.
Hermann Christian Heinrich Emil Voss (* 13. Oktober 1894 in Berlin; † 19. Januar 1987 in Hamburg) war ein deutscher Anatom und Medizinprofessor. East Germany

Robert Herrlinger (* 24. April 1914 in Antwerpen; † 8. Februar 1968 in Kiel) war ein deutscher Anatom und Medizinhistoriker. E. Germany

Herrlinger followed the call to the Chair of history of medicine at the University of Kiel. He worked there until his death in 1968 died [4] Herrlinger of a heart attack.

Robert Herrlinger was one of the first, dealing with the history of the hospital system in teaching and research after the war in Germany. To do this, he published basic scientific contributions.Behavior during the NAZI period

In the NAZI era, Poznań under Hermann Voss and his team benefited the anatomical Institute of the University of close cooperation with the Gestapo. Made to immediate preparations after the killing of Polish prisoners and a spirited trade with skeletons and skulls evolved. Herrlinger took part even on the local executions for his Habilitation on the spleen, which he attained in 1944 to carry out seconds of later studies. In 1947, he published the findings, without to hide how he had obtained it.[6] Which 1945 Institute found, prepared with formalin corpses in Poznań on torture.[7][8]
Franz Reinhold[1] Schwede, ab 1934 Schwede-Coburg (* 5. März 1888 in Drawöhnen im Kreis Memel, Ostpreußen; † 19. Oktober 1960 in Coburg) war ein nationalsozialistischer Politiker und wurde in Coburg am 28. August 1930 als erster Parteigenosse Bürgermeister einer kreisfreien Stadt. Von 1934 bis 1945 war er Gauleiter der NSDAP in Pommern. 5 years.
 Dr. Heinrich Berning -death?

An associate professor at Hamburg University, Berning lead the  “famine experiments” on Soviet prisoners. While the prisoners starved to death,  he observed their bodily functions degrade; this included loss of libido,  dizziness, headaches, edema and swelling of the lower abdomen (Annas &  Grodin, 1992). Berning then published his results after the war.

SS-Hauptsturmführer Ferdinand Berning,  Adjutant des Reichsarztes-SS (Nazi dr adjutant) Born 1907.

Concentration camp dr. Scant info.

Carl Oskar Klipp (Born May 28 1898 in Marburg; date of death unknown) was a German doctor.

in 1936 he became head of the District Office for public health in Munich and head of the Reich Association of medicinal plants. Since 1937 he was Deputy Reich physician of the Hitler youth. He performed military service in 1940, and has been missing ever since.


Josef Erber (to 1944 Josef Houstek) (* 16 October 1897 in Ottendorf Austria Hungary Ҡ 1987) and member of the camp Gestapo in the concentration camp Auschwitz. Arrived in Auschwitz late October/early November 1940, guard, then Waffen-Meisterei for some months, mid 1942 Political Department in Auschwitz I, first Registratur, then Aufnahmeabteilung (department for taking up prisoners). In September 1942 Erber takes over the Aufnahmeabteilung of the women camp in Birkenau. Typhus between November 1942 and February 1943 and in hospital. After that he joined the Political Department of Auschwitz III, at the end of March 1943 director of the Aufnahmeabteilung in the women camp again. October 1943 РApril 1944 he was the director of the Aufnahmeabteilung of the whole camp.

Willibald Holblinger who is mentioned as a war crime suspect by Richard Boech, was exonerated, and gave testimony on what he saw at the camp.ärarzt
Karl Brunner (born January 8, 1908 in Munich, † unknown) was an SS doctor .Brunner worked as a senior doctor in Munich and was established on 1 May 1937 as a physician in the hospitals Hohenlychen set. There he was promoted to deputy in 1943 by Karl Gebhardt. [1] He was promoted in 1945 to a quiet Obersturmbannführer. After the Second World War Brunner in Bavaria, led an orthopedic physician practice.

General  Siegfried  Mummenthey
World War II, he was then on 1 September 1940 military staff in the economic order of the High Command of the Army at IG farben. The war ended in 1945, he lived in Berlin. He fled from there to Osterode in the Harz Mountains, where he then lived as a textile merchant.  d. 1976

– Gen. d. Inf Hermann Reinecke 1.1.44-15.3.45. Convicted but released, 1954.
d. 1973.  This personal appointee of what Hitler placed as responsible for insuring the security of prisoner of war installations in Germany and the most effective employment of prisoner of war labor.


Chief of Prisioner of War / chief of the prisoners of war being (Chief Kriegsgef)
The administrative head of all matters relating to both Deutsch and Allied prisoners to
of war.
– GL Hans von Graevenitz 1.4.43-1.4.44
– GM Adolf Westhoff 1.4.44-5.45

-Friedrich Ernst, and if anyone held that title after Heinz Kalkstein.

-Cleansing the Fatherland: Nazi Medicine and Racial Hygiene (ISBN-13: 9780801848247) by the political scientist / historian / journalist Gotz Aly
This book includes some of these names:

U Vienna, Nazi and anatomist, Dr Eduard Pernkopf d 1955 . Later it was discovered that these universities received remains and skeletons from camp. Would not that make him complicit in war crimes?
Professor Hermann Voss continued his anatomy career d in 1987 after the war. He had appointments in Halle (1948-1952), Jena (1952-1962) and subsequently, as professor emeritus at the Greifswald anatomical institute. Voss also coauthored a textbook of anatomy, Handbook of Anatomy, it was probably the most popular anatomical textbook ever published in Germany. The book appeared in 17 Deutsch-language editions, as well as in Spanish and Polish editions.
Source: Jewish Virtual Library

Following the establishment of the Reich University of Posen, Voss served as director of the anatomy institute. Under Voss experiments on both Jews and Poles became commonplace and indeed Voss became notorious for his anti-Polish sentiment, writing in his diaries that “the Polish people must be eradicated”. [3] By this time Voss had become a convinced follower of the Nazi ideology, with his diaries revealing a strong current of anti-Semitism and anti-communism. [4]

Whilst in this role he made a deal with the local Gestapo Allowing them to use his incinerators in return for the use of some of the bodies of those executed by hanging or decapitation. Voss also had a sideline selling the skulls and death masks of Jews and Poles, with the Natural History Museum’s curator Josef Wastl being his leading customer for this Particular service. [5] Along with colleagues such as Robert Herrlinger ,  Voss undertook preparation work for this trade as soon as the victims had been killed. [3]

Dr Robert Herlinger, d, 1968. Herrlinger studied medicine until 1938 at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg and art history until 1941 at the University of Jena, where he worked at this time as an Assistant at the Institute for Anatomy and Physiology . Under Hermann Voss he worked the from October 1942 as Assistant at the anatomical Institute University Poznan.
Josef Wastl, Curator

The dean of the medical department of the Reich University of Pozen was the Deutsch anatomist Professor Dr. Hermann Voss (1894-1987). Skeletons were ordered by Dr. Josef Wastl, the head of the anthropology department of the Vienna museum.

St.Arzt *** (Berb. Beauftr.d.S In) Dr. Finger

Armed Forces Surgeon General / Chief of Wehrmachtsanitatswesens (Head W San)
Subordinate to the Chief of the OKW and in medical matters, to the Commissioner General of Medicine and Sanitation (Major General Commissioner of the vehicle and the Sanitat health care system). The Armed Forces Surgeon General also formerly held the positions of Chief Army Medical Inspector (Insp San H) and Army Surgeon (doctor H).

– Prof. Dr. GenObStabarzt Siegfried Handloser (executed for war crimes)

Deputy Chief of Wehrmachtsanitatswesens, Wehrmacht doctors
– Genlazt*Paul Wurfl 31.8.42-00.06.45

Military Medical Academy, Berlin
01.05.1934 – 25.08.1939 Colonel Doctor / Gen.Arzt (01/03/37) MD. Rudolf Gunderloch
25.08.1939 – 01.08.1944 char. Gen.Arzt (27/08/39) / Gen.Arzt z.V. (1:10:41) / Gen.St.Arzt z.V. (3 / 43) Richard Hamann
01.08.1944 – 01.03.1945 Gen.Arzt / Gen.St.Arzt (9:11:44) MD.

Walther Asal (d. 1987)
01/03/1939 Ob.St.A. *Dr Friedrich Reich

The Pépinière (“nursery”) was established on 2 August 1795 in Berlin as an institution for training and further education of military surgeons. The – more technically oriented – second surgeon school in Berlin, which in addition to the Charité Thus
October 1, 1934: Military Medical Academy as Reopened
1944 – Relocation of the Medical Academy in Wroclaw
1945: Closure Of The Academy


Hans Diedrich Cremer, so Hans-Dietrich (* 14 February 1910 in Kiel, d. April 18 1995 in Giessen). What a Deutsch nutritional physiologist In 1936, Cremer was employed in Berlin at the Institute of Physiological Chemistry at the Medical Academy and Addition was a member of the “surgical Panel of the Supreme Command of the army”. [2] During the Second World War he set up the mountain Physiological Institute in St. Johann in Tirol from 1942 and headed the Army Mountain Medical School there. As MC, Cremer took part in the meeting on medical issues in distress and winter death on 26 and 27 February 1942 in Nuremberg, where was spoke about the “hypothermia” experiments in the Dachau concentration camp. [3]
Cremer what Professor Emeritus in 1975 and died in 1995

Senior Military doctor Prof. Dr. Heinrich Kliewe (associate professor of bacteriology and hygiene in Giessen) on 13.01.1941 which to handle all aspects of biological war on the MA (Military Medical Academy) and at the same time as a consultant to H. San.In. And what wa ordered to test 9 (gas protection department / office group for development and testing / HWA). Kliewe, d. 1969 (acc. to

Professor Dr. Hermann Stieve (1886-1952) was a leading anatomist at the University of Berlin and the Berlin Charité Hospital who exploited the killing programs of the Third Reich to conduct studies on the female reproductive system When a woman of reproductive age was to be executed by the Gestapo, Stieve was informed, a date of execution was decided upon, and the prisoner told the scheduled date of her death. Stieve then studied the effects of the psychic trauma on the doomed woman’s menstrual pattern. Upon the woman’s execution, her pelvic organs were removed for histological (tissue) examination. Stieve published reports based on those studies without hesitation or apology.

After the war, Stieve lectured medical students on studies he had conducted on the migration of human sperm, studies performed on women raped before their deaths in Gestapo execution chambers. Stieve discussed in this research before appalled but silent audience of medical students in East Berlin. (Russian scientists reportedly sought out Stieve’s research after the war.10) Stieve served as dean of the Faculty of Medicine of Humbolt University, the East Berlin successor to the University of Berlin. A lecture room and a sculpture of his bust were dedicated in his honor at the Berlin Charité Hospital.

SS Captain Hans-Joachim Geiger (02/07/1913 Liebenstein), worked as a doctor in Neuengamme, Mauthausen and Ebensee before his being “camp doctor” in Flossenbuerg with “satellite camps”. For his crimes he was sentenced in Ebensee in Dachau (U.S.) on 20.05.1947 to 20 years in Landsberg, released on 23/03/1954. After that general practitioner in Coburg.

Dr. Karl Böhmichen (* 31.05.1912 in Rheine Westphalia, + 07.14.1964) what “camp doctor” in Sachsenhausen, Neuengamme, Mauthausen and Flossenburg. After the war he was head physician in a sanatorium for heart diseases in the district of Büdingen

Surgeon General of the reserve Prof. * [should be on  page one ] Dr. Ernst Rodenwaldt, professor in ordinary (hygiene, eugenics, tropical diseases) in Heidelberg. Advisory in tropical medicine / H San In.http: / / / viewtopic.php t = 43 351?
Surgeon General of the reserve Prof. Dr. Heinrich Zeiss, professor in ordinary (hygiene, eugenics, tropic diseases) Charité Berlin ..

Commanders of the Academy
Surgeon General Dr. Rudolf Gunderloch (1885-1962),  was released from pw camp in 1950, and diedin 1962. , 1885-1962, was released from pw camp in 1950, and diedin 1962.
Surgeon general Dr. Richard Hamann (1868-1956), 25 August 1939 to 1stärarzt

Surgeon general, Dr. Walther Asal (1891-1987), first August 1944 to 1st March 1945
Use after 1945

Mattner, Walter. SS Lieutenant (1941)
* 31.12.1904 Langenwang. 1940 in Mauthausen concentration camp doctor.
After 1945, doctor in M **** in Austria.

Meyer, George. Physician and SS First Lieutenant (1943).
* 09.05.1917 Vienna. 1940 Leibstandarte-SS Adolf Hitler in 1942 in Auschwitz-Birkenau,
1943 in Hertogenbosch in vugh, possibly Stutthof near Gdansk.
After 1945 Family Practice in Vienna

Gross, Karl-Josef. SS Stubaf, doctor
* 12.12.1907 Bad Vellach in Carinthia. SS Sturmbannführer (BDC). From 05/01/1942 SS Hygiene Institute in Berlin, from June 1942 officially at the Robert Koch Hospital Vienna. 1942/1943 trials of vaccines (typhoid, cholera) of Behringwerke in more than a thousand prisoners in the Mauthausen concentration camp to death. Results at the third lecture on 24.05.1943 on the Working Meeting of the Advisory Medical Academy of Military Medicine. 1943 Head of Bacteriology at the Central Institute for Research on Cancer (biological warfare) in Poznan-Nesselstedt.
Practice after 1945 in Linz. + 1.1.1967

Fischer, Karl Josef SS concentration camp doctor and Captain
* 03.14.1904 Graz. Dr. jur med et. A surgeon. 1940 Auschwitz camp doctor. 1942 in Sachsenhausen and Majdanek. Died in 1990’s.

Paul Wels (born February 2, 1890 in inland forest, county Goldap in East Prussia; † 1 July 1963 in Offenbach am Main; full name: Bruno Paul Wilhelm catfish) was a Deutsch Pharmacologist, and radiation biology. He served from 1928 to 1958 as professor and director of the institute at the University of Greifswald and was honored for his research, Which focuses on the radiation biology, which recorded in 1938 including the Leopoldina. According to the military doctor Wolfgang Wirth and British intelligence, he will be during the period of National Socialism in projects, including human trials, have been involved with chemical warfare agents.

Paul Wels was born in 1890 in the East Prussian inland forest and graduated after attending the grammar school to study medicine in Insterburg at the University of Königsberg. He graduated in 1917 with a thesis on the influence of epinephrine on the renal activity at the University of Kiel, where he earned a PhD degree in 1924, Professor of Medicine. From 1928 he served in succession by Otto Riesser as director of the Pharmacology Institute of the University of Greifswald.

After the handover of power to the Nazis  Paul Wels 1933 member of the SA and later he joined the National Socialist Flying Corps. He also belonged to the Nazi Teachers’ League and the NSI. During the Second World War he was active in personal union at the Institute of Pharmacology and Wehrtoxologie the Berlin Academy of Military Medicine. According to the military doctor Wolfgang Wirth said to have been involved in attempts to combat substance Lost, so the project of the DFG “treatment of mustard damage in irradiated protein solutions.” According to the UK intelligence service, he should have done well “poison gas experiments on volunteers allegedly”. [1]

After the Second World War he was first released in 1946 from the professorship. Two years later he was able to resume his academic career at the University of Greifswald, but again, where he worked until 1958th He died in 1963 in Offenbach am Main.

The research interests of Paul Wels: Particularly the effects of X-radiation on various cells and of ultraviolet radiation on the skin, as well as the pharmacological effect of irradiated substances. Among his students at Greifswald including Kurt Repke, d. 2001, Peter Holtz  d. 1970

Controversial in his work is documented only in recent times closer collaboration with the anatomist  * Dr August Hirt who conducted experiments with mustard gas on inmates of Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp during World of War II from 1942nd. It is assumed that Peter Holtz most likely had knowledge of Hirt’s human experiments while his direct participation can not be practically ruled out.

and student, Fritz Markwardt., d 2011, he received his MD after the war.

Fritz Markwardt was born in 1924 in Magdeburg [2] and studied, after serving in the Navy, at the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald, both pharmacy and medicine. [3] In 1951 he became the scientific and MD degree in 1960. [4] with a thesis on “Studies on hirudin” he received in 1956 under Paul * Sels, Habilitation at the University of Greifswald, [4], where he first Subsequently to the faculty of Pharmacy and in 1960 appointed Professor of Pharmacology. [2] The following year he moved to the Medical Academy Erfurt, where, he held until 1991, then a professor of pharmacology and served as director of the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, [2] Which focus on Haemostasis coined it in these three decades . [5] He died in 2011 in Erfurt.

Need* Dr Friedrich [Frederick?] Holtz!

Paul Sels from 1938 belonged to the Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina Deutsch in 1955 and was a regular member of the Deutsch Academy of Sciences in Berlin. In the years 1953/1954 he served as chairman of the Deutsch Pharmacological Society, Which appointed him also as an honorary member.

Karin Huppertz, nurse (born 24 May 1894 in Pirmasens, † 19 May 1978 in Munich) was a Deutsch. She was a member of the Nazi sisterhood, director of the Professional Committee for sister being in the working group of independent charities and writing head of the Student Council, published magazine and the yearbook of nursing during the period of National Socialism.

(Nazi medical publications).

Youth and career to 1930

Karin Karolina Maria Helena Huppertz was on 24 May 1894 in Born as a subsidiary of the contractor and architect William Huppertz and his wife Paula in Pirmasens. According to their own information as to Huppertz that trained interpreter and nurse. During the First World War it was used as a nurse and was then worked again in Pirmasens. She moved to an unknown date in Berlin.

Activities during the period of National Socialism [edit] From the Federation of Reichsfachschaft Deutsch sisters and nurses, Which included the Catholic community of sisters in Germany, the diaconate community, the Red Cross sister community, the professional association of free sisters and the sister community of the National Socialist People’s Welfare (NS Sisterhood) was founded in 1936, the technical committee for sister being in the Association of independent charities. The committee should work on all aspects of nursing association-being. The direction of the Committee Erich Hilgenfeldt which transferred, at his side stood the Reich Women’s Leader Gertrud Scholtz-Klink. The management was transferred to the National Socialist Sisterhood organized Huppertz. [1] This position had Huppert Decisive influence on the development of the nursing profession, its ethical positioning during the Nazi regime and vocational training. [2] The amendment of the Nursing Act ForwardOperatingCurrent and designed in 1940 in collaboration with Hans Harmsen the nursing service book, Which served as a standardization of the level of nursing schools.

Huppertz worked as executive director of the magazine with the Deutsch nurse. The magazine was created after the forced recruitment of all other journals in nursing by the end of 1933 as the official journal of the Deutsch Reichsfachschaft sisters, in 1936 it was renamed. The Reich Health Leader Leonardo Conti and Scholtz-Klink transferred Huppertz the main editors of the magazine. In addition, Huppertz was appointed from 1938 to 1942 for the publication of the yearbook from 1940 Head of Nursing and thus for the yearbook for infant and children’s nurses. It was for her editorial responsibility for all within the period of National Socialism appeared professional and political writings. In 1940 she was co-author of the book guide for vocational education in schools of nursing.

Life after 1945

Huppertz was on 3 February 1948 because of “failure to register” their NSDAP membership sentenced to a fine, she moved in September 1949 to Bretten, before 1950, only to Munich in October 1951 and moved to Coburg. In 1953 she returned to Munich, where he worked at the deer-hospital and was in 1954 or early 1955 registered unemployed. In spring 1955 she married in 1954, released from prison Oskar Schroeder, the former chief of Medical Services of the Air Force Deutsch was convicted in the Nuremberg doctors’ trial for crimes against humanity. Huppertz died on 19 May 1978 in Munich.

Hans Harmsen (born May 5, 1899 in Berlin-Charlottenburg; † 5 July 1989 in Bendestorf) was a Deutsch social hygiene, and population scientists. By the end of the Second World War, he ran for the purposes of eugenics Nazi rulers. After 1945 he became a professor at the University of Hamburg. He was co-founder, president and honorary president of Planned Parenthood, finally.

2] By 1942 he was also managing director of the Association of Public Health, before joining the Army as armored division on advisory hygienists worked in the East. [2] 1939 Harmsen was habilitated at the University of Berlin * with the theme of the possibilities and limits of eugenics. He continued to argue racial hygiene, but according to Schleiermacher was not [3] prepared to go to the “euthanasia”, he had “indexed eugenic abortion” as well as patient rejected murder. However, he accepted the racially motivated anti-Semitism, because he saw no contradiction to Christianity.

Harmsen 1946 took over the management of the Institute for Hygiene and Environment in Hamburg and became professor of general and social hygiene at the University of Hamburg. He also was chairman of the Deutsch 1952 Society for Population Studies and in 1953 president of the *German Academy for Population Studies . These associations served as science journalist Ludger Wess said, [4] “as a catch basin and network of the leaders of Nazi racial and population biology.”

It says men were accused of ” death bath actions” (Totbadeaktionen”) in Austrian-held trials after the war.

Results presented of the research project “The Robert Koch Institute under National Socialism”

Press release

Academics from the Institute for the History of Medicine of the Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin undertook research on the history of the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) under the National Socialist regime. The results of the project, which was initiated and funded by RKI, were presented on 1 October 2008 at a public event. Given its central position in public health administration between 1935 and 1942 and its role as part of the Reich Health Office, the Institute was heavily involved in the National Socialist policy of force. “The infringement of humanist principles, the violation of human dignity and of the right to freedom from bodily harm can never be justified at any time in the world even when the majority tolerates and even condones behaviour of this kind”, warned RKI President Jörg Hacker after the results had been presented.

These evil deeds should never be forgotten. They are documented in academic publications and in the monograph on the research results (“The Robert Koch Institute under National Socialism”, Kulturverlag Kadmos, Berlin, 2008). Furthermore, there will be some form of commemoration and remembrance on the site of the Robert Koch Institute. Details of the design and exact spot are not yet available but planning is already underway. “The most important lesson to be learned here is that everyone must stand up and be counted. We must never accept discrimination and emotional brutalisation, protection of perpetrators or a distinction between valuable and less valuable human beings”, stressed Jörg Hacker.

The project, which was launched in 2006, took a comprehensive and independent look for the first time at the scientific, political and politico-scientific actions of Robert Koch Institute under National Socialism. A commission made up of internationally renowned historians was the guarantee for the academic independence and quality of the research programme. Volker Hess from the Institute for the History of Medicine of the Charité – University Medicine Berlin was the Chairman of the commission and project coordinator.

The fact that RKI scientists and external research scientists attached to Robert Koch Institute had been involved in inhuman experiments in concentration camps and psychiatric institutions was already known. However, the research project revealed a series of new names. What emerged in the course of the project was the almost complete penetration of RKI research topics and staff by Nazi ideology. Following a wave of dismissals three months after the Nazis came to power in 1933, RKI lost almost all its mid-level scientists and, by extension, innovative research institutions and scientific cooperation. The scientists were forced to emigrate and one even had to go into hiding for a while. The senior management level was also restructured. After a few years the director and almost all heads of department were party members.

No cases of individuals showing moral courage or protests against the state, institutional or individual actions were found. From the certificates of employment issued, the medicine historians primarily identified efforts to smooth the path of staff to new positions, in most cases abroad, by giving them a positive assessment. “We had hoped to find traces of more courage being shown”, said Jörg Hacker.

Further information (in German):

Date: 01.10.2008


fate of nazis IV


Maksym Skorupsky (Maks) ( Ukrainian : Максим Скорупський, also known by his pseudonym Maks) (November 12, 1912 – December 11, 1985) was a Ukrainian military leader of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army . Died in Trenton, NJ.

Col Rudolf Pannier was wounded again on the 9 April 1945, but survived the war. Led the Ukrainians. He died on the 19 August 1978 in Hamburg .


Gerhard Wischer, executed, nazi psychiatrist.

Alfred Fernholz (born November 7, 1904, Grünenthal in Herscheid, Westphalia – March 17, 1993, Karlsruhe) was a German psychiatrist. One of the organizers of the Nazi medical killings in Saxony was in the time of national socialism. more on nazi euthanasia..

Dr Wilhelm Dopheide . Pulmonary specialist Born: 27/02/1901 Died: 14/10/1970

Joined the Nazi party: 1933 TB care doctor in Rostock County commissioner of the Race Policy Office Hagenow: 1936 In war, the medical officer in Krakow Medizinaldezernent in Lviv: 08.1941 Head of the Department of Health to the Governor of Galicia: 11.1941 – 08.1944 24.11.1941 euthanasia request from Herbert Linden for institution-Lviv-Kulparkov (go there “at about 1000 to 1200 the mentally ill, of whom 600 are Jews”). To July 1942 in Lviv starved exactly 1179 patients. 1945 – 1947 internment, then health department Hagen: source, Ernst Klee.

Herbert Linden In the report of the SS officer Kurt Gerstein is mentioned, that Herbert was Linden in August 1942 to the extermination camp in Belzec.[22] In which connection was Linden to the Aktion Reinhardt, is not known. From July 1942 to 1944 or 1945 was Linden of an honorary judge at the people’s Court. Linden was also staff of the racial policy Office of the NSDAP.[23] Suicide

Hitler approved this and authorized the creation of the Reich Committee for the Scientific Registering of Serious Hereditary and Congenital Illnesses (Reichsausschuss zur wissenschaftlichen Erfassung erb- und anlagebedingter schwerer Leiden), headed by Karl Brandt, his personal physician, and administered by Herbert Linden of the Interior Ministry and SSOberführer, Viktor Brack.

Previously, Linden on it, his underling urged one month to accommodate the proven in action T4 psychiatrists at the various medical and nursing homes in senior management positions. Because these institutions however fell under the auspices of the countries, the reference to new measures that carry out were by the “Imperial working group of medical and nursing homes” (an excuse of the Kanzlei des Führers for performing the “euthanasia”), his request had to provide the necessary emphasis. In a letter dated April 4, 1943 at the Medizinalverwaltung of the province of Hanover, Linden announced outright…  From this, the conclusion can be pulled that at this point seems fundamentally had been decided, no more how far Central making the future phase of “euthanasia” in the gas chambers of the three killing centers in Bernburg, Hartheim, Sonnenstein, but distributed in the hospitals and nursing homes. Hadamar, Kalmenhof belonged to the most famous recording and thus killing centers of the new type am Steinhof in Vienna, Eichberg, Großschweidnitz,, translated:

*Dr [[Herbert Linden]], 1945, suicide. Overseers of the program were initially Herbert Linden and Werner Heyde. Linden was later replaced by Hermann Paul Nitsche… The Planning Department tried between May 1941 and October 1942 through spot checks to determine how the institutional capacities after the murder of the sick of the action T4 were reused. Central planning was often the responsibility of regional authorities. On 5 August 1942, a survey carried out among the competent authorities started by Dr Linden, how many asylum patients in corridors, common rooms, and chapels could be accommodated. In November 1942 Dr Linden ordered the twice-yearly survey of all psychiatric patients during Action T-4.    In his capacity as Reich Commissioner for the hospitals and nursing homes, Linden coordinated patients of the medical and nursing homes in Northern and Western Germany 1943. These areas were first affected by the allied air strikes. Arriving in the target institutions, these sick were preferred targets of killings in the Aktion Brandt, also called the second phase of NAZI euthanasia. Methods of killing were by drug overdose as well as the systematic malnutrition of patients. While Linden endeavoured to occupy any directorship in institutions with supporters of further euthanasia. In 1943 it was important, he said “that the psychiatrists increasingly turn to the idea of euthanasia from inner personal conviction.” “In this respect currently the majority of current euthanasian doctors are even more in demand”. And, it was “especially important to bring in reliable euthanasia psychiatrists into Directorships”.

In the report of the SS officer Kurt Gerstein is mentioned, that Herbert  Linden was sent in August 1942 to the extermination camp in Belzec.[Gerstein Report] In what connection  Linden was to Aktion Reinhardt is not known.

From July 1942 to 1944 or 1945 was Linden of an honorary judge at the people’s Court. Linden was also staff of the racial policy Office of the NSDAP. In the last days of World War II, Herbert Linden committed suicide on April 27, 1945 in Berlin. Apparently in ignorance of his death the public prosecutor’s Office in Frankfurt am Main, Germany initiated an investigation in August 1946 for lindens involvement in the Nazi murder of the sick

↑ Der Gerstein-Bericht im NS-Archiv

Fritz Cropp (born October 25, 1887 in Oldenburg; died April 6, 1984 in Bremen) was a German physician and NAZI official.Nationalist-national history [edit]In 1920, the son of a factory owner established himself as city physician in Delmenhorst, Germany. A year earlier, Cropp in the DNVP had occurred, as well as in the Alldeutscher Verband in 1923. in 1931 was followed by his conversion to the Nazi party and the SA (Sanitätsoberführer, 1939). In addition, he was still a member in the NS Medical Association. For the Nazi party, Cropp occurred as a Gau speaker. Since 1932, he sat for the party in the Oldenburg Landtag.NS career []In 1933, in Oldenburg, Fritz Cropp was appointed the country medical officer of health. Two years later, in 1935, followed by his transfer to Berlin, where he worked as a ministerial adviser in the Division IV (health care and people care) in the Ministry of the Interior. In 1939, he became Assistant Director. Fritz Cropp was involved in the Nazi “euthanasia”, the so-called action T4, in 1940. A superior to Herbert Linden, one of the main organizers of the action T4, he was responsible for patient transfers. From 1943 until the end of the war, he held the position of General speakers for air war damage.

After 1945 []After internment in Neuengamme, he settled as a physician in Delmenhorst, Germany. According to a ruling of the country denazification Committee in Oldenburg, which classified him as “politically unsustainable”, he was not more politically engaged. Since 1949, Cropp was Advisor to the Central Committee of West of the inner Mission in Bethel. in 1952, he went into retirement and moved into a pension as a former ministerial official.


Hellmuth Unger (pseudonyms: Fritz Herrmann, Hans Holm; born February 10, 1891 in Nordhausen/resin as Friedrich Hermann Hellmuth Unger – 13 July 1953, Freiburg im Breisgau) was a German physician and writer.

University of Leipzig, which he completed in 1917 with the State examination and the promotion to doctor of medicine. From 1917 to 1919, Unger was an Assistant at the Leipzig University eye clinic; from 1919 to 1929, he practiced as a practising ophthalmologist in Leipzig. In the 1920s he undertook extensive travels, who searched him to Africa, Scandinavia, the United States, Canada and the Caribbean led.During the 1920s in addition to his medical work, Hellmuth Unger, who had already begun before the first world war with the writing of his own literary works, developed a considerable activity as a writer. He wrote mainly plays during this time, but also – partly under the pseudonym “Hans Holm” – a series of 1929, Hellmuth gave up his Leipzig practice Unger and settled with his family in Berlin. He was full-time coach in various central associations of the German medical fraternity in the following years. Unger worked as a press officer of the Hartmann Confederation and of the German Medical Association Association and edited magazines for doctors and pharmacists. Although he – probably was not the Nazi party because of his membership in a Masonic Lodge, he held important offices in the conformist doctor after the Nazi seizure of power. In particular he worked off already may 1933 in the Department of press, radio and film in the newly created Intelligence Office for population policy and racial hygiene, the later racial policy Office of the NSDAP, and founder of the magazine new people; in 1933, he was press officer of the Reich physician leader Gerhard Wagner, and from 1935 also of the Empire Medical Association; from 1938, he was the main writer of all German regional doctor. His career stretched last but not least on the succession and racial-hygienic propaganda, and as a member of the Reich Committee for determining the succession and temperamental severe suffering it can be regarded as one of the intellectual pioneers of “children euthanasia” practised in the Third Reich in 1939.Of literary works published Hellmuth Ungers during the Third Reich are worth highlighting: his most successful with more than 300,000 copies sold work, the 1936 published biography “Robert Koch”, the title “helper of mankind” appeared to a revision of the 1929 is as well the novel “Broadcast and conscience”, 1941 formed the template for the NAZI propaganda film “I accuse”, as the 1943 also titled “Germanin – the tale of a colonial deed” filmed “Germanin”. [I Accuse]

Hellmuth Unger took part in 1942 in World War II; has worked as a war correspondent he reported in particular on the activities of the medical services of the armed forces on various fronts. The end of the war saw Unger in a hospital in Würzburg, after he was injured during an air raid. He got into American captivity, during which he worked as a medical interpreter. After his release, he went to Bad Harzburg, where he ran a practice as an ophthalmologist until early 1953. A legal examination of its activities in the Third Reich unfinished. Unger began to write again and published more biographical works on major medical. In March 1953, he moved to Freiburg im Breisgau, where he died a few months later.

Richard Wendler (* 22. Januar 1898 in Oberndorf; † 24. August 1972 in Prien am Chiemsee) war ein deutscher Jurist, SS-Führer und nationalsozialistischer Politiker. Von 1933 bis 1941 war er Oberbürgermeister der Stadt Hof (Saale) und ab 1942 Generalleutnant der Polizei und SS-Gruppenführer.

In May 1945, he was in American captivity and led the false name of sorrow more there. For this reason Wendler was not to Poland transferred, but released from Allied internment in September 1945. Thereafter he concentrated on writing as a construction worker. On August 3, 1948, he was arrested and sentenced to four years labor camp when the casting Chamber proceedings on December 22, 1948 as the main “originator”. In April 1949, the judgment was reduced to three years in prison. Wendler denied during the procedure, to have known some of the aim of deportations of Jews. On September 12, 1952 he was in the Group graded “Loaded”. By grace decision of the Bavarian Prime Minister Wilhelm Hoegner, hewas classified on October 28, 1955, as a “Fellow traveler” and could get this in 1955 once again as a lawyer in Munich admitted. Since July 1, 1953, he worked with a lawyer for the right protection authority of the Protestant relief agency and campaigned there for German prisoners war crimes in Poland.[1] The Prosecutor’s pre-trial court he became 1951 except tracking used to set the procedure of the StA Munich, 1966, a further investigation was discontinued on October 5, 1970…


Walter Kutschmann, d. 1986. Escaped to Argentina, never tried.

Franz Medicus, d. 1967

Alfred Bernhard Julius Ernst Wünnenberg (20 July 1891 — 30 December 1963)

Karl Schümers b. 1905 -?

Fritz Goehler

John “Hanns” Wirth born on 5 July 1896

Fritz Harzer

Otto Weidinger (27 May 1914 – 11 January 1990) was a member of the German Waffen-SS and a commander of SS-PzGrenRgt 4 “Der Führer” (2nd SS Division Das Reich) during World War II and was involved in the massacre of Oradour-sur-Glane in France in June 1944.

Fritz Schmedes

Otto Binge, (born 19 May 1895 in Cottbus; died 18 July 1982) was an SS-Standartenführer (Colonel) during World War II and a commander of 17. SS-Panzergrenadier Division Götz von Berlichingen and 4. SS-Polizei Division.

Gerret Korsemann (* June 8th 1895 in fog (Amrum) ; † July 16 1958 in Munich ) was a German SS-group leader and lieutenant general of police. was during the Second World War, among other things, as SS and police leaders working in the occupied Soviet Union. free from 1949 until his death.

Erhard Kroeger (* March 24 1905 in Riga , † September 28 1987 in Tübingen ) was a German politician ( NSDAP ) and SS Colonel (1941). 3 1/2 years.

Kurt Christmann, also known as Dr. Ronda (* 1. Juni 1907 in München ; † 4. April 1987 )
10 years. died in prison.

Hans Joachim Beyer, (* June 14th 1908 in Geesthacht / Lauenburg , † August 25 1971 in Hamburg ) was a German historian , Nazi Volkstumsforscher and SS – SS Captain . In the 1950s he was involved in the Flensburg College of Education responsible for the academic training of history teachers.

Harold Steinacker (* May 26 1875 in Budapest , † January 29 1965 in Innsbruck ) was a German historian.

Werner Hersmann [hermann?] (* September 11 1904 in Duisburg -Ruhrort,. † 17th/19th October 1972 [1] ) was in the Nazi Reich SS Sturmbannführer , head of SD -section of Tilsit, leader of Sonderkommando 11a of Einsatzgruppe D in the USSR and Commander of the Security Police and SD in Banja Luka .

Günther Herrmann (* September 15 1908 in Minden , † unknown)
7 years, in 1973, so out by 1980-.

Gustav Adolf Nosske (* December 29 1902 in Halle , † around 1990) was a SS Lieutenant Colonel 1941/42 participated in mass killings in the southwest of the Soviet Union. freed 1951.

Friedrich Ludwig Maria Fritz Valjavec, May 26th 1909 in Vienna , † February 10 1960 in Prien am Chiemsee

Karl Hunter (* September 20 1888 in Schaffhausen , Switzerland, † June 22 1959 in prison Hohenasperg ) suicide. Involved in destruction of Jews of Lithuania.

Günter Rausch, * May 19 1909 in Sondershausen ; † November 12 1964 in Hamburg
died of Leukemia.

Rudolf Hotzel (* May 14 1909 in Vitzeroda ; † March 24 1981 in Bad Hersfeld

Erich Koerting. born 1902 — dead?
Körting was never tried

Hans or Hans-Gerhard Schindhelm , disappeared.

Alfred Charles William Filbert, [1] , Albert Filbert, [2] (* September 8 1905 in Darmstadt , † July 30 1990)
“Life in prison”. Released, 1973.

Bruno Walter Hugo Albath (* December 7 1904 in Strasburg in West Prussia, † 1990 ) was a German jurist, SS officers and officials of the Gestapo . freed, 1955.

Franz Sommer (* November 30 1897 , † 1980 in Düsseldorf ) was a German Gestapo officer , SS -leader and leader of Einsatzkommando one of Einsatzgruppe VI in Poland . Lived incognito.

Udo Gustav Wilhelm Egon von Woyrsch (* July 24 1895 at manor Schwanowitz , county Brieg ; † January 14 1983 in Biberach an der Riss ), a German SS officer and police officer (was General of the German Police ). Freed by British in the 1960′s.

Walter Hammer (* June 30th 1907 in Hagen ;? †) unknown. Freed, lack of evidence.presumed dead
Due to the shootings at Bromberg, hammer was imprisoned in May 1965, but released in November. Corresponding preliminary proceedings of the public prosecutor’s Office Berlin against him was discontinued early 1971.

Lothar Tasche (?) (* May 6 1902 in Leipzig , † May 16 1986 in Berlin-Steglitz ) was a German chemist and SS office

Hans Fischer (born August 21 1906 in Rottenbach (Thuringia) ; unknown † (whereabouts after the war))

Otto Sens (* April 14 1898 in Dessau , † unknown) was a German Gestapo officer , SS -leader and head of the task forces the use of a Group II in Poland . Never prosecuted.

William Nolle (* January 26 1904 in broke , Rhineland ; †) was an SS Lieutenant Colonel and chief executive officer.
Noelle was sentenced in 1951 in absentia to 12 years hard labor. dead

Josef Auinger (* December 1st 1897 in Gallspach, Enzendorf district , Upper Austria, † May 11 1961 in Grieskirchen , Austria) was an Austrian police officer and a Nazi. He worked as an SS -Lieutenant Colonel in the Security Service of the Reichsführer SS (SD) of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) and led SS-Sonderkommando in Nazi extermination. Free after 1956 return from USSR.

John Thümmler(Thuemmler)(* August 23 1906 in Chemnitz , † May 2002 ) was a German SS Lieutenant Colonel and senior executive officer , head of the Gestapo Chemnitz and Katowice as well as leader of Einsatzkommando 16 of Einsatzgruppe D in Croatia .
Another trial for murder in 1999 by the Head of the Central Office for the Prosecution of Nazi Crimes in Ludwigsburg, with Prosecutor Kurt Schrimm, ended due to lack of evidence. (* duplicated)

Willi Wolter (* November 14 1907 in Cleveland , † May 1969) was the National Socialist German Reich SS-Captain , the Gestapo in Cologne , in the official group ID (criminal matters) of the Reich Security Main Office , Commander of the Security Police and SD in Metz and leaders of Einsatzkommando 15 of Einsatzgruppe D in Croatia . After the war, Wolter was in court Hofgeismar classified in 1948 as “minor criminal”, so that he could live until his death in May 1969 undisturbed near Cologne.

Emil Hantl (* December 14 1902 in the Moravian-Lotschnau today to Svitavy belonging; † August 18 1984 in Plochingen ) was a member of the camp staff of the National Socialist extermination camp Auschwitz . As a medic at Auschwitz, he was sentenced to three and a half years in prison — but released on time served.

Schwerin von KROSIGK, LUTZ GRAF d 1977

some nazis.

Walter Potzelt (* 16. Juli 1903 in Chemnitz; † 22. April 1955 in Bischofswiesen-Stanggass). Crimes in Latvia. Died during trial.

Heinrich Jennessen

Hans-Joachim Böhme [boehme](* 10. Januar 1909 in Magdeburg; † 31. Mai 1960) received 5 years.
Otto Bovensiepen (* 8. Juli 1905 in Duisburg; † 18. Februar 1979 in Zusmarshausen) Trial canceled due to “poor health.”
Franz Marmon (* 11. Juni 1908 in Sigmaringen; † 2. Oktober 1954 in Karlsruhe) 2 years.

Aged Holocaust survivors made impassioned pleas to the US Congress to allow them to sue France’s state-owned SNCF railway over its role in World War II deportations to Nazi death camps. (AFP Photo/Jacques Demarthon)­olocaust-victims-german-pensio­ns-171915634.html

Germany to pay out thousands of Euros to Holocaust survivors.­wakes-festering-neo-nazi-threa­t-231344437.html

Neo-nazi threat in Germany

Mein Kampf removed from stores in Muslim country
Only a few countries — including Germany and Austria — restrict sales of the book, Adolf Hitler’s manifesto written while in jail in the 1920s. Its bursts of popularity in the Middle East reflect both the greater acceptability of overt anti-semitism and more complex issues resulting from widespread ignorance and denial of the Holocaust, a taboo topic in many Arab countries’ classrooms.­s/worldnews/middleeast/qatar/8­936584/Virgin-Megastores-Qatar­-branch-removes-Hitlers-Mein-K­ampf-from-recommended-reading.­html

Arab collabo:
Fawzi al-Qawuqji (Arabic: فوزي القاوقجي‎; 1890–1977) was the field commander of the Arab Liberation Army (ALA) during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War in Palestine, and a rival of the principal Palestinian Arab leader, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini.

He collaborated with Nazis against the British. His forces lost to Israelis fighting for Independence in 1948.
General Blomberg’s first wife Charlotte died on 11 May 1932 leaving him with two sons and three daughters.[5][6] In 1932, Blomberg served as part of the German delegation to the World Disarmament Conference in Geneva, where during his time as the German chief military delegate, he not only continued his pro-Nazi remarks to the press, but used his status of chief military delegate to communicate his views to Paul von Hindenburg, whose position as President made him Supreme Commander in Chief.

In late January 1933, Blomberg was recalled from the World Disarmament Conference to return to Berlin by President von Hindenburg, who did so without informing the Chancellor, General von Schleicher or the Army Commander, General Kurt von Hammerstein.

Later, in 1938, he had a falling out with the nazis and spent much of the war out of action.

Blomberg fell under the influence of a Nazi-sympathizing Lutheran chaplain, Ludwig Müller, who introduced Blomberg to National Socialism.[2] Blomberg cared little for Nazi doctrines per se, his support for the Nazis being motivated by his belief that only a dictatorship could make Germany a great military power, and that the Nazis were the best party to create a dictatorship for Germany.[3] In 1931, Blomberg visited the U.S., where he openly proclaimed his belief in the certainty and the benefits of a Nazi government for Germany.
Bogislaw von Bonin (January 17, 1908, Potsdam — 1980) was a German Wehrmacht officer and journalist.
Chief of Staff of the LVI.Panzerkorps of the 1. Hungarian Army in 1944

Werner Otto von Hentig (22 May 1886, Berlin, Germany — 8 August 1984, Lindesnes, Norway) was a German diplomat from Berlin.

Dr. Fritz Grobba. [named elsewhere] This shaped the German Middle Eastern policy: Hentig obstructed the expansion of World War II to the Middle East. Whereas Grobba belonged in both world wars to Foreign Office’s faction that favored the massive incitement of Muslims to jihad in the colonial hinterland of Britain, France, and Russia, Hentig opposed it. Though he had switched sides for during World War I he did spread jihad ideas himself in his secret mission to Kabul, Afghanistan, due to the Ottoman-German conspiracy to instigate Muslims for a Holy War.[clarification needed]

After World War II, he was the West German ambassador to Indonesia. Following his retirement, he also served as the personal advisor to the Saudi Royal Family for nearly two years.

Arabian volunteers
Deutsch-Arabische Lehr Abteilung (Arabian volunteers)
Deutsch-Arabisches Bataillon Nr 845 (Arab volunteers)
Osttürkischer Waffen-Verband der SS or 1.Ostmuselmanisches SS-Regiment (Arabs, Turks and other Middle Eastern volunteers)
Freiwilligen-Stamm-Regiment 1 (Turkish volunteers)
SS-Obersturmbannführer Andreas Meyer-Mader
SS-Hauptsturmführer Billig
SS-Hauptsturmführer Hermann
SS-Sturmbannführer der Reserve Franz Liebermann
SS-Hauptsturmführer Reiner Olzscha
SS-Hauptsturmführer Fürst
SS-Standartenführer Harun-el-Raschid Bey (of the central Asian legions; was a German who converted to Islam while serving as an advisor to Enver Pasha) . Interestingly enough, there is not much on wiki deutsche on these legions and their commanders!

more names:
Dr Hermann Neubacher, d. 1960. Crimes in Yugoslavia.
Arno Schickedanz, d 1945.

Crimes in Ukraine:

Dr. Johann Anton Hofstetter

SS-Gruppenführer Walther Schimana (30 June 1943 – 20 Nov 1943)
SS-Brigadeführer Fritz Freitag (20 Nov 1943 – 22 Apr 1944)
SS-Brigadeführer Sylvester Stadler (22 Apr 1944 – ? July 1944)
SS-Brigadeführer Nikolaus Heilmann (? July 1944 – 5 Sep 1944)
SS-Brigadeführer Fritz Freitag (5 Sep 1944 – 24 Apr 1945)
SS-Brigadeführer Pavlo Schandruk (24 Apr 1945 – 8 May 1945)

Chief of Staff
SS-Hauptsturmführer Otto Behrendt (22 Oct 1943 – ? Aug 1944)

SS-Sturmbannführer Wolf-Dieter Heike (? Aug 1944 – 1 Mar 1945) postwar: studied agricultural science and industrial management in West Germany
from 1950 until retirement in 1975, “employed by Audi, first as assistant director then as chief of personnel and administration, and subsequently as company director”
“He held many volunteer positions, among them founder and chairman of the Association for Military Studies in Dusseldorf (sic); founder (and honorary chairman) of the Employers’ Association; chairman of the Administrative Committee of the Employment Office in Ingolstadt; and member of the board of the Bavarian Red Cross. For services to his country, Heike was conferred the Federal Cross of Merit with Ribbon in 1976.”

SS-Hauptsturmführer Herben Schaaf (? – ? Aug 1944)


NEW:  trans from German:
Ludwig Losacker (* July 29th 1906 in Mannheim , † 1994 in Heidelberg ) was a German jurist, SS leaders and officials of trade associations. Losack was investigated for the crimes committed in the GG, but the investigation was discontinued in 1963. Losack appeared as a witness in several Nazi trials against Generalgouvernementsbeamte. [11 tells a different story than wikipedia. He was let go, despite evidence of his complicity in crimes!

Among the leading advocates in the Generalgouvernement who were in favour of gassing were:

1.Dr Wilhelm Dopheide, SS-Obersturmbannführer (above)

2.Dr Ludwig Losacker, SS-Obersturmbannführer (above)

3.Helmut Tanzmann, and SS-Gruppenführer and

4.Governor Otto Wächter. (same as Otto Gustav von Waechter. see page dated 11/22/2011)

in 1937 he moved to the private sector and colors in Berlin was an intern at the I.G.farben

In late 1938, he worked as General Counsel at the walkers AG and set himself up at the same time as a lawyer in Chemnitz.[3] He has also worked in 1936 for the SD.[5]

World War II

After the outbreak of the second world war, Los Acker worked as a Government Adviser after the invasion of Poland in October 1939 in the District of Cracow of the so-called Generalgouvernement (GG).[4] There he held from September 1939 until mid-January 1941 the Office of Kreishauptmanns of Jasło.[2] Losacker ordered the following in this function:”Except the special measures adopted by me I put on therefore, that as of today, may 25, 1940, no Jew, no Jew, no Jewish child to enter the road into. Also look out from the Windows is prohibited.”[7]Middle of January 1941 was Los Acker Amtschef in the Lublin District Governor then and was deployed in early August 1941 in the same capacity at the District Governor Lviv.[8] In January 1942, he was briefly the Governor of the District of Galicia.[2] In early January 1943 Los Acker appointed administration in the GG to the President of the Office.[8] Also Losacker was Lieutenant Governor of the District of Krakow also in February 1943 and was commissioned with the war-like institution building in the GG. From the end of May 1943 Los field was acting as Governor of the District of Krakow.[9]Los field was regarded as effective management specialist, which managed to curb corruption in the GG and to shrink the bureaucracy. Losacker was involved in its function as a management expert, responsible of the Holocaust because he co-organised the “Jewish resettlement” in the District of Lviv, in the course of the “final solution”.

On the other hand, opposed he policy of the Nazis attacking anti-religious and in this regard even personally turned to Adolf Hitler. In addition, he spoke openly against the action of Zamość and rejected repressions against the Polish population. Ultimately, there was a violent conflict between Losacker and the higher SS and police leader Friedrich-Wilhelm Krüger due to the shooting of Polish landowners and a doctor. This conflict resulted in the ouster of LosAcker finally mid-October 1943. Then, Losacker was transferred to the Waffen-SS, where he was employed until the end of the war.[3] Losacker was involved in the fighting in Italy, where he was also wounded.[1]

Helmut Tanzmann (born 18 January 1907 in Oschatz; † 6 May 1946) [1] was a German jurist, SS leaders and the Government Security Service of the Reichsführer-SS (SD).   … [2]   Tanzmann joined the NSDAP and SA at the 1933rd The SA He was a member until 1936 and then moved to the SS [3] Tanzmann rose in the SS in 1941 to SS-Obersturmbannführer. [2] From 1937 Tanzmann was as an assistant lecturer at the Berlin State Police Bureau works. [4]   After the outbreak of World War II, he was from November 1939 to May 1940 the Gestapo chief Gdansk. In German-occupied so-called General Government, he was then the commander of the Security Police and SD (Security Office) employed as office manager and was from July 1941 Commander of the Security Police and SD (KdS) in Lviv. [2] In the district of Galicia organized Tanzmann killings of Jews and gave out orders to kill against Jews (“Jews”). These so-called “Jewish actions”, where thousands of people were shot were taken in autumn 1941 and the end of 1941 temporarily suspended. [5] After the start of the Operation Reinhard Tanzmann coordinated as KdS the use of the security police in the deportation of Jews to the Belzec extermination camp. [6]   For disciplinary reasons – for embezzlement – he was as KdS Lviv from end 1942/Anfang 1943 represented provisionally and finally replaced in March 1943 officially by *Joseph Witiska in this office [3] background was a review of the police stations in the district of Galicia by employees of the Court. . The auditors discovered valuables and slush funds with money from murdered Jews, the members of the Einsatzgruppe C the police had made available. [7]   Thereafter Tanzmann KdS in Montpellier, where he served until August 1944. [8] coordinated in Montpellier Tanzmann and Others also pogroms and deportations and repressive measures against the French resistance. [9] Tanzmann was temporarily used as KdS in Marseille. [10] In late summer 1944, he was the named after him Sonderkommando Tanzmann (command zbV 21 Tanzmann), the centennial of approximately SD members of his department in France was. With this staff, he was transferred to Flensburg at the latest turn of 1944/1945 in northern Norway. Tanzmann broke there – in the course of laying the KdS / SD Department Tromso to Narvik – from Oswald Poche as KdS. In May 1945, the department still had 160 employees. [8]   When the war ended he fled in May 1945 on a submarine to Scotland, where he was promptly arrested. In British internment, he was subjected to interrogation. [11] In order to avoid an impending trial, he committed suicide in May 1946. [2]

The highest ranking Ukrainian officer was Dmytro Paliiv.

General de Kavallerie ..Harteneck, d. 1984. Held for 2 years.


more nazis. euthanasia. bankers.



Hitler quote: “After centuries of crocodile tears shed over the defense of the poor and the humiliated, the moment has come when we must decide to defend the strong against the weak… Natural instinct orders all living beings not only to conquer their enemies but to exterminate them. In the old days the conqueror had the prerogative of exterminating whole races and peoples.”

*SS Captain Bruno Melmer (born 1909 in Wiesbaden; d. 1982 in Berlin) the so-called Office cashier led at the SS-Hauptamt, Dept. A II, quasi a SS internal bank or a fund within the SS economic and administrative main office in Berlin. Melmer is referred to as its Director and served from May 20, 1943 (the first documented nine gold bar) and 2 April 1945 for safety and Goldtransfers from the NAZI concentration and extermination camps for an account of the SS at the Reichsbank . Mentioned below, Nazi Gold.
p. 72, Jacques Delarue
The Gestapo : A history of horror.

SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: If you do not consider it proved, let me remind you of the affidavit of Hoettl, who was Deputy Group Leader of the Foreign Section, of the Security Section of Amt IV of the RSHA. He says that approximately 4,000,000 Jews have been killed in the concentration camps, while an additional 2,000,000 met death in other ways. Assume that these figures — one is a Russian figure, the other a German — assume they are even 50 percent correct, assume it was 2,000,000 and 1,000,000, are you telling this Tribunal that a Minister with your power in the Reich could remain ignorant that that was going on?

Goering: This I maintain, and the reason for this is that these things were kept secret from me. I might add that in my opinion not even the Fuehrer knew the extent of what was going on.

This is also explained by the fact that Himmler kept all these matters very secret. We were never given figures or any other details.
source: Nuremberg trials, Goering professes ignorance.


SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: You heard what I read to you about Hitler, what he said to Horthy and what Ribbentrop said, that the Jews must be exterminated or taken to concentration camps. Hitler said the Jews must either work or be shot. That was in April 1943. Do you still say that neither Hitler nor you knew of this policy to exterminate the Jews?

Goering: For the correctness of the document.

SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: Will you please answer my question. Do you still say neither Hitler nor you knew of the policy to exterminate the Jews?

Goering: As far as Hitler is concerned, I have said I do not think so. As far as I am concerned, I have said that I did not know, even approximately, to what extent these things were taking place.

SIR DAVID MAXWELL-FYFE: You did not know to what degree, but you knew there was a policy that aimed at the extermination of the Jews?

Goering: No, a policy of emigration, not liquidation of the Jews. I knew only that there had been isolated cases of such perpetrations.


Dr  Carl Ungerwitter: Who is he?
Like his fellow IG Farben executive Georg von Schnitzler, Wurster was close to Dr Carl Ungerwitter, a government chemist with links to leading figures in the Schutzstaffel.

Eduard Hilgard
member of the board of Allianz, became head of the “Reich Group for Insurance” in 1934. He represented the insurance industry in a conference summoned by Hermann Göring after the November Pogrom of 1938. Hilgard reported on the material damages caused during the Kristallnacht Pogrom and the estimated amounts of money insurance companies had to cover.
**Philipp Kessler, as leader of the Reich Federation of the Electrical industry

Kurt Paul Schmitt (7 October, 1886 in Heidelberg – 2 November, 1950 in Heidelberg) was a German economic leader and the Reich Economy Minister
In 1937, and until 1945, Schmitt held the board chairmanship of Münchener Rückversicherung AG. He was also on Allianz AG’s supervisory board until 1945. As a member of the Freundeskreis Reichsführer-SS, Heinrich Himmler promoted him to SS brigadeführer on 15 September 1935.

Since Schmitt was functioning as AEG supervisory board chairman, they donated to Himmler between RM 12,000 and 15,000 yearly, and Münchner Rückversicherung and Continental Gasgesellschaft between RM 6,000 and 8,000. (6)

From 1945 to 1949, Schmitt had to undergo Denazification, administered by the United States Army. He lost all his offices, and he was barred from practising his profession. In 1946 he was classified as a Hauptschuldiger (literally “main culprit”). This designation was reviewed in several court proceedings, and was overturned in 1949. He would now only be classified as a Mitläufer, or follower. He nevertheless still had to pay a fine and the court costs.
nothing more on
August von Finck, Sr. (July 18, 1898 – April 22, 1980) was a German banker.

He was born in Kochel, German the son of banker Wilhelm von Finck (1848-1924), founder of insurance giant Allianz and private bank Merck Finck & Co. Following the Anschluss of Austria to Nazi Germany, his business benefited greatly when the Nazis seized the Vienna-based firm of S M von Rothschild and in October 1939 sold it to Merck, Finck & Co.
A nazi.

After the annexation of Austria into the German Reich in 1938 took Merck, Finck & Co. the opportunity to take on the Viennese private bank SM von Rothschild (“Aryanized”). This highly renowned Austrian private bank, owned by Louis Nathaniel de Rothschild, had controlled until 1931, the Austrian Creditanstalt. From July 1938 it was by Merck, Finck & Co. managed provisionally, 1940 in Vienna by the newly established Bank v. Nicholas E. – here were Merck, Finck & Co. with 71 and the German banking industry owns 19 percent of Dusseldorf – ” Aryanized “. Louis Nathaniel de Rothschild got back the remaining value after the Second World War, agreed to forgo a re-establishment of the Bank SM von Rothschild.

After a period of inter-governmental influence and free enterprise under the Nazi regime was the bank Merck, Finck & Co., not least because of the paralyzed involvement of the owners and executives in the Nazi economic policy totally in the postwar years
more :
Walter Huppenkothen (* December 31 1907 in Haan in the Rhineland , † 1979 in Lübeck ) was a German jurist , SS banner leader in the Reich Security Main Office and Nazi criminals.
Was a member of trials against those who tried to kill Hitler, yet prior to that had worked with Eichmann.

Prof. Dr. med. Erwin Gohrbandt, Dachau Dr. Punished at all? By 1956 he was rehabilitated.After the war, December 1958 he became professor emeritus . Until his death in 1965 he led a clinic in the Tiergarten.
dead 03.01.1965 Berlin

Dr. rer. pol. Franz Hayler
* 29.08.1900 Schwarzenfeld / Bayern,
† 11.09.1972 Aschau / Chiemgau­iewtopic.php?f=6&t=82368&start­=15

Scholti-Klink, Gertrud (1902 –
joined the NSDAP
in 1928. She became leader of
the Baden Nationalsozialistische-
Frauenschaft – the NS Women’s

Vrba-Wetzler, report on Auschwitz-birkenau:

“To the inauguration of the first crematorium at the beginning of March 1943, which by the gassings and burning of 8,000 took place, prominent guests came from Berlin, high officers and civilians. They were content and looked through the looking hole, which is attached to the gas chamber. They discussed and praised the work being carried out.”

Adolf Theuer , hanged 1947.
Sanitätsdienstgefreiter; a medical orderly as part of the Sanitätswesen, one of the five concentration camp departments involved in running such a facility. He was also a member of the Desinfektionskommando (disinfection squad), the unit of SS medics involved in the mass gassing of prisoners. One of Theuer’s responsibilities was inserting the Zyklon B into the gas chamber, a task shared by other SS orderlies such as SS-Unterscharführer Hans Koch and SS-Oberscharführer Josef Klehr.[2] During the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials, Klehr, the chief of the Desinfektionskommando, testified that Theuer explained to him that he would insert the gas when ordered to do so by the accompanying SS doctor.

SS-Unterscharführer Oswald Kaduk recalled an incident when Theuer, his fellow countryman, was reluctant to insert the gas. Kaduk stated that:
“…I have even seen SS men who were supposed to be involved in gassing operations cry. And to them, the then doctor, Dr. Mengele said, ‘You have to do it’. He said… I can remember Theuer well. I knew him from… was my fellow countryman, been a young man. And he said, ‘You have to do it.’ He did it, with tears in his eyes. He inserted it and immediately shut the hatch. I was there.”[4]
—Oswald Kaduk, “Auschwitz, Stimmen.”


Aristocrats had enrolled in the Schwarze Korps, SS, men such as Prince Waldeck-Pyrmont.. Grand Duke of Mecklenburg, Prince Hohenzollern Sigmaringen, Duke of Brusnwick, Prince Lippe-Biesterfeld, General Count von der Schulenburg, Archbishop Groeber of Freiburg [who later turned against the Nazis].

Gebhard Himmler, Jr., b. 1898, died, 197-.
Forgotten Nazi.­locaust-and-anti-semitism/a-co­urageous-journey/­ture/books/non_fictionreviews/­3667246/Great-uncle-Heinrich-H­immler.html

Ernst’s elder brother, Gebhard Himmler, in a written account of his life, described himself as a civil servant, barely referring to the Nazi party, and never once mentioning Hitler. During her research, Ms. Himmler discovered her great uncle had been a party member, too. In charge of licensing engineers to work in Germany, he based his decisions on the devotion candidates showed to the Führer.

Katrin Himmler realized that the myth was false: the brothers of Heinrich were not good Germans who happened to have an unsavory brother; they were convinced Nazis, as were their parents and, evidently, almost everybody among their acquaintance, who used Heinrich’s influence to rise even faster than their genuine talents would have moved them. Family papers, saved when they could easily have been incinerated, completed the unmasking, and Katrin Himmler says none of her relatives demurred at the exposure.

For her this was a turning point: she realised once and for all just how deeply her grandfather and her great-uncle *Gebhard Himmler were in thrall to their brother’s murderous racial policies.”[2]

“When I mentioned the question of Hitler’s relationship to the Judenausrottung [the extermination of the Jews], both said they believed the initiative or order had come from Hitler, and that Heinrich had carried it out faithfully to the end. They could not believe Heinrich had done this on his own initiative. Gebhard Himmler recalls his brother once saying to him that as Reichsführer SS and Chef der deutschen Polizei he had had the unfortunate task of taking upon him all the unpleasant (schwarz) aspects of human life, but he hoped he had done so conscientiously.”

source: David Irving, discredited author
Richard Wendler
d. August 24, 1972) was a high-ranking Nazi politician who was in charge of Lublin concentration camp and who organized the creation of the Częstochowa Ghetto. He was the mayor of the city Hof between 1933 to 1941. In 1942 he became a Gruppenführer in the SS.[1]

Wendler was classified as a ‘major offender’ but eventually was downgraded and allowed to re-enter German society. Katrin Himmler suggests that he was very lucky. Gebhard was interned for three years, but eventually rehabilitated, In May 1945, Wendler was in American captivity and there was the false name suggestion more. For this reason was Wendler not after Poland transferred, but released from Allied internment in September 1945. Then he hired as a construction worker. On 3 August 1948, he was arrested and sentenced to four years labor camp in the process of casting Chamber on 22 December 1948 In April 1949, the judgment was reduced to three years in prison. Wendler denied during the proceedings, to have known some of the objective of the deportations of the Jews.
On 12 September 1952 he was in the group “Loaded” downgraded. By grace decision of Bavarian Prime Minister Wilhelm Hoegner, he was classified on 28 October 1955 as “Followers” and could get this in 1955 once again as a lawyer in Munich admitted to. Since 1 July 1953, he had worked for a lawyer for the legal protection Office of the Evangelical aid organisation and campaigned there for German prisoners of war criminals in Poland.[1] The prosecution pre-trial court he became 1951 except persecution set, the process of the StA of Munich was posted on the 1966, a further preliminary proceedings were suspended on 5 October 1970.[4]
NS Awards Goldenes Parteiabzeichen der NSDAP­ichard_Wendler­dia_ph.php?MediaId=776
Soviet soldiers guard Adolf’s bunker.

In America, December of 1941, the film industry went to war along with the rest of the United States. These award-winning documentaries are the work of some of Hollywood’s finest producers and directors. Among them are John Ford’s classic “The Battle of Midway”, “Report From the Aleutians” by John Houston and William Wyler’s “Memphis Belle”. Shot at the front, with some of the filmmakers facing the same dangers as the fighting men, you will also see some of the war’s most memorable war correspondents, Ernest Hemingway and the GIs favorite, Ernie Pyle. These films, bursting with patriotism, are the filmmakers definitive legacy to the American servicemen and women who fought in history’s greatest conflict.­r-II-Color/dp/B000NHHDZU

Georg-Henning Graf von Bassewitz Behr (* 21 March 1900 on gut Lützow; d. January 1949 in Magadan) was a German SS-Gruppenführer, Lieutenant-General of the Waffen-SS and police during World War II. After he was acquitted in August 1947 in the Hamburg Curiohaus as a war criminal, he was transferred to the Soviet authorities on 16 September 1947.[1] For the murder of the 45,000 civilians in the area of Dniepropetrovsk was he sentenced to 25 years hard labor. He died two years later in a labor camp in Eastern Siberia.

Willi Otto Kloppmann (b. January 29 1902 at Immensen ; † unknown) was a German SS master sergeant and a detective Secretary Head of Political Department in the Majdanek concentration camp and the Dachau concentration camp . For the same reason in 1981 set by a court in Munich, the investigations against Kloppmann. [5] About his future is not known.

Franz Riedweg (* 10. April 1907 in Luzern; † 22. Januar 2005 in München) war ein Schweizer Arzt und SS-Obersturmbannführer. In 1944, the Switzerland deprived him of his citizenship. After 1949, Riedweg worked as a doctor in Munich, where he died on 22 January 2005 at the age of 98. He was not accused of war crimes, but he did fight for Hitler.

Ernst Rudin (* April 19 1874 in St. Gallen , † October 22 1952 in Munich ) was a Swiss physician , psychiatrist and eugenicist / eugenicists . Was one of the founders of the 1933 law on euthanasia. He received no punishment.

Arthur Gütt [Guitt], a physician and director of public health affairs, d. 1949, brief detention.

Richard von Hegener (* September 2 1905 in Sensburg , East Prussia ; † September 18th 1981 in Hamburg ) was in the National Socialist German Reich as an office manager in the main office of the leader responsible for organizing the Nazi “euthanasia” program .

Falk Alfred Ruttke (* November 11th 1894 in Halle (Saale) , † September 9 1955 in Stuttgart – Bad Cannstatt ) was a German jurist .­ticle.php?ModuleId=10007057
“Nazism was ‘applied biology’ ” said R. Hess.

July 14, 1933, the “Law for the Protection of Hereditary Health” was passed, authorizing the “racial state.”

NEW: Franz Josef Kallmann, a researcher on schizophrenia, who demanded an even more radical sterilization policy than the Nazis. He co-operated closely with the German Research Foundation for Psychiatry in Munich and its leader, Ernst Rüdin. From Rüdin he received help in leaving Germany and finding a job in USA, and Rüdin’s assistant, Theo Lang, delivered data-material from Munich to New York. After 1945 Rüdin got a denazification certificate from Kallmann who already co-operated again with Lang.

Ernst Boepple, early Nazi,hanged 1950
Erwin Baur d 1933.
Wilhelm Rohmeder
Richard Walther Darré. d 1953
Hanns Bastanier

Friedrich Weber (* 30. Januar 1892 in Frankfurt am Main; † 19. Juli 1955)

Hermann Werner Siemens, d. 1986. He was involved in funding eugenics.
publisher, Urban & Schwarzenberg. Before 1933, Siemens member was the active people’s Party. As head of Central Engineering Department he became a member of the Management Board of Siemens-Schuckertwerke AG in 1935 and later as Chairman of the Board of the two tribal societies of Siemens & Halske or Siemens-Schuckertwerke “Head of the House”.

Siemens sat until 1945 in the Supervisory Board of the United steel works, mannesmannröhren-Werke, Krupp and Deutsche Bank. On 5 December 1945, he was arrested and questioned in the “civil internment No. 91”, as a witness he had been “very unwilling and evasive” [1].
In the position he held after the death of his uncle, Carl Friedrich von Siemens from 1941 to 1956, Hermann von Siemens was the company important impulses for the reconstruction after World War II. He was committed for the promotion of scientific and technical research within and outside the company, he was President of the Fraunhofer Society from 1955 to 1964.

Seine Werk „Grundzüge der Vererbungslehre, Rassenhygiene und Bevölkerungspolitik“ in 13. Auflage erscheinen.[10]

Gustav von Dickhut-Hararch

Bruno Kurt Schultz (* 3. August 1901 in Sitzenberg; † 1997) war ein österreichisch-deutscher SS-Führer, Anthropologe und Hochschullehrer. May be on the list already.

Philalethes Kuhn was a real doctor, but also a geneticist.
Kuhn was one of the leading eugenicist of his time. Since 1905, he was a member of the German society of him with formed for racial hygiene and entered already prior to World War I for racial selection. Already in 1923, he joined the Nazi party. in 1931 he joined the Nazi party.[1] He was a member of the Reichsschaft of the University teacher in the NS teacher’s Association from 1932 and participated several times in “Eugenical training courses” of the Nazi German Medical Association. As one of the first professors, he took up the theme of “Racial hygiene and population policy” in his lectures. After the “Nazis”, in May 1933 he belonged to the actors in the book-burning.[1]
died two years later on 4 August 1937.

Max von Gruber d 1927

Julius Friedrich Lehmann (* 28 November 1864 in Zürich; died March 24, 1935 in Munich) was a German Publisher and founder of j. F. Lehmanns Verlag, which published medical, völkisch and racist literature. Turn of the century, Lehmann contributed significantly to that Munich became an early Center of anti-Semitism in Germany.[1] In the Weimar Republic, Lehmann was an early benefactor of the Nazi party (NSDAP), later he became a member.

Fritz Lenz (* 9. März 1887 in Pflugrade; Kreis Naugard, Pommern; † 6. Juli 1976 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Anthropologe, Humangenetiker und Eugeniker. In der Zeit der Weimarer Republik und im nationalsozialistischen Deutschen Reich war er einer der führenden Rassenhygieniker.[1]


“With Hindenburg for people and Reich!”
What role did German industry play in the rise of Hitler? Some of the industrialists wanted Hindenburg and Von Papen, but not Hitler. Here are some names for research:

Karl Vincent Krogmann died in Hamburg in March 1978
(* 3. März 1889 in Hamburg; † 14. März 1978)

Ewald Otto E. Hecker (* 14. Oktober 1879 in Berlin; † 12. Februar 1954 )

To the Board of Directors of the Foreign Trade Office for the Northern March, Emil Helfferich was 1936. In 1939, he was Chairman of the Board of the German-American Petroleum Company (ESSO) in Hamburg, which belonged to 94% of the Standard Oil of New Jersey; in 1940, he went to Tokyo as Chairman of the Association of East Asian land.

Named below.­icle-tab.cfm/adolf_hitler

The authors “affirm the necessity of a government independent from parliamentary parties.” According to them, such a non-democratic government would have majority support of the general public “if one ignores the communist party, which rejects the state.”

Bankers, Aristos and Industrialists .
1932, a letter was sent to Hindenburg by Fritz Thyssen (industrialist), Ewald Hecker (president of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce), Dr. Kurt von Eichborn (banker), Friedrich Reinhart (banker), Dr. Hjalmar Schacht (banker), August Rosterg (director of Winterhall AG, Kassel), E. Helfferich (shipowner), Eberhard Grav von Kalckreuth (landowner), Graf von Keyserlingk (landowner), Joachim von Oppen-Dannenwalde (landowner), and several others; the letter was supported by Dr. Albert Vögler (Vereinigte Stahlwerke, i.e. United Steel), Dr. Paul Reusch (Gutehoffnungshütte) and Dr. Fritz Springorum (Hoesch).

Erich Ferdinand August Lübbert (* 4. Januar 1883 in Buchwald, Kreis Koschmin, Preußen, heute Polen; † 19. Juli 1963) in Windhoek, Südwestafrika
Robert Graf von Keyserlingk-Cammerau (* 10. März 1866 in München; † 1959) war ein deutscher Staatsrechtler, Ministerialdirektor und Mitbegründer der DNVP.

more on the Bankers and industrialists:
On May 8, 1954, the Landgericht Darmstadt [Darmstadt State Court] found the former company commander Friedrich Nöll and his Hauptfeldwebel Emil Zimber guilty of acting as accessories to manslaughter and sentenced them to four and three years in prison respectively. The sentences were reduced to three and two years in 1956. In the opinion of the court, Nöll and Zimber were responsible for the execution of the Jewish inhabitants of Krutsha — most of whom were old people, women, and children

“Defiance: The Bielski Partisans,” written by Dr. Nechama Tec, a sociologist from the University of Connecticut.

During World War II, Swiss banks loaned money to a wide variety of German enterprises which were involved in armaments as well as activities linked to activities involved in the extermination of the Jews. In addition, Credit Suisse and the Swiss Bank Corporation closely cooperated with major German banks which resulted “in some of the most questionable transactions of the wartime period: dealings with gold booty and/or looted gold. As late as 1943, the Union Bank of Switzerland granted Deutsche Bank a new loan of over 500,000 francs. Relations were maintained until the end of the war and even later.”[21]
the amount of gold stolen from Holocaust victims in Eastern Europe has been estimated 12.5 million francs while that expropriated and looted from individuals in the Reich was at least 300 million francs.[19]

Dr Emil Puhl, Reichsbank: source, *google trans
As much as Puhl tried for opportunistic reasons, abroad to appear as a cosmopolitan banker with distance to the Nazi regime, so convincing, he staged in Germany as loyal to the system and supporter of Hitler: “Our leader, Adolf Hitler, an empire has created for it and again worthwhile to use all his strength and, if need be, to give even his life. We all have within us the firm belief in his victorious leadership. (…) Our leader, Adolf Hitler, Sieg Heil! ” [11].

Emil Puhl and the “gold washing” in Switzerland [Edit] In addition to serving as executive vice president, and “secret rulers of the Reichsbank, with excellent relations with Himmler, Heydrich and the SS” [12] was a focus of Puhl’s work before and during the Second World War, his position as one of the President of the Bank for International Settlements in neutral Switzerland. Switzerland should be after 1939 for “gold hub of Europe”, the Nazi regime in Germany and his helpers in the recovery and valuable services “laundering” of dirty, because in the occupied countries contributed looted gold. Switzerland and the Swiss National Bank wrapped nearly four-fifths of sales of gold from the Reichsbank. Emil Puhl’s role was comparable to that of a “dealer”, the national bankers in Bern gave the German gold looted and exchanged it against hard Swiss francs. These currencies had been of decisive importance for the German Navy and defense industry, as raw materials of war were otherwise buy on the world market either with German gold nor with marks. [13] “A prerequisite for the continuation of the war, therefore the systematic theft of gold in the invaded countries, which was exchanged for foreign currency. “[14]

Reichsbank Vice President Puhl knew it, his – but also whether the euphoric good business – to deceive Swiss German colleagues about the origin of the looted gold. He appeared to them “always be a dignified and trustworthy gentleman, a lie is not capable of” holding [15]. Robert MW Kempner, American chief prosecutor in the Wilhelmstrasse process, remembered Puhl as “a polite, friendly, approachable gentleman, a typical officer,” who had summoned all his intelligence, “to quote from the thing to come out” [16]. Today it is recognized that Puhl was a “key figure of the looted gold trade” [17] during the Second World War. The Independent Commission of Experts: Switzerland – Second World War came the end of the 1990s by among others the question was able to establish how the Board of the Swiss National Bank (SNB) in 1945 “such a close and friendly relationship with a shady character like Reichsbank Vice President Emil Puhl” [18 ]. Historians recognize that Puhl was “not a Nazi activist” was, but he was committed “for the goals of the Nazi-gold politics.” “At the same time understood how masterful Puhl, to let shine through in his regular visits to Switzerland skepticism about the Nazi regime and to pose as an anti-Nazi. Leading personalities from the financial and economic knew him as a competent professional and pleasant conversation partner to appreciate. “[19]

On 1 May 1945, Puhl arrested by the Allies [20] and commissioned on 3 May 1946 an affidavit in an internment camp near Baden-Baden from that in the Nuremberg trial of major war criminals during the testimony of Walter Funk on 7 Was read May 1946. In the case against the former Reichsbank president stressed the witness Puhl his former superiors strongly [21]. Puhl was on 15 May 1946 in Nuremberg and the “Melmer gold” interrogated. Of the depots in the vaults of the Reichsbank in Frankfurt am Main, where the SS deposited gold, jewels and other valuables from prisoners of the Nazi extermination camps in the east (“Melmer gold”), knew Puhl loud statement of his employee, *Albert Thoms from the beginning [22].

Puhl 4 November 1947 at the Wilhelmstrasse trial, which took place in the context of the Nuremberg Trials, was prosecuted. On 11 April 1949, Puhl of his outstanding role in the recovery of the SS looted gold to five years in prison. [23] in December 1949, Puhl was **released early from prison for war criminals in Landsberg.

Immediately after his release from Landsberg was Puhl, thanks to its excellent international experience at the Bank for International Settlements [24], initially a freelance consultant and then director of the Foreign Department and member of the Hamburg Bank, one of the successor institutions of the Dresdner Bank until he in 1957 in the retirement occurred. [3] From 1952 to 1957 he was a member of the Central Advisory Board of Dresdner Bank. [25] Puhl was a member from 1951 to the Supervisory Board of the cooling Transit Company and was there from 1954 Vice Chairman. [26] In November 1959 gave the President the Italian Republic, “the member of the Central Advisory Board of Dresdner Bank AG and the Advisory Board of the Italian Economic Association, Emil Puhl, in recognition of his contributions to the deepening of economic relations, the German-ltalian Commander’s Cross of Merit of the Italian” [27].

Emil Puhl died in March 1962.

Postwar restitution: After negotiations, the Swiss government signed the Washington Agreement in May 1946 which called to a payment by the Swiss of 250 million francs During the Second World War, Switzerland was the hub of European gold trade. Almost 80% of the German gold shipments abroad were arranged through it. Between 1940 and 1945, the German state bank sold gold valued 101.2 million Swiss francs to Swiss commercial banks and 1,231.1 million francs through the Swiss National Bank (SNB). While, its trading role as such could be seen as the result of maintaining neutrality, the fact that a proportion of the gold had in fact been stolen from private individuals and the central banks of Germany’s defeated neighbors (particularly Belgium and the Netherlands.)[16] This looted gold was then sold to the Swiss for Swiss francs which were used for making strategic purchases for the German war effort.

Jerusalem Post
Some 120 kilograms of gold taken from Holocaust victims in Nazi death camps was sent to Switzerland during the war, an international panel of historians said in Zurich yesterday as it released the first official report on Switzerland’s gold trade with the Nazis.

Walther Funk *& Frick were involved in nazi financial crimes.

*Deutsche Bank dismissed its three Jewish board members in 1933. In subsequent years Deutsche Bank took part in the aryanization of Jewish-owned businesses: according to its own historians, the bank was involved in 363 such confiscations by November 1938.[19] During the war, Deutsche Bank incorporated other banks that fell into German hands during the occupation of Eastern Europe. Deutsche provided banking facilities for the Gestapo and loaned the funds used to build the Auschwitz camp and the nearby IG Farben facilities. Deutsche Bank revealed its involvement in Auschwitz in February 1999.

According to unproved rumours, the gold reserves [hidden in Neuschwantstein] were plunged in a lake, e.g. in the Alat Lake of southern Germany. Furthermore, between May 1945 and March 1947 approximately £2.5 billion was stolen from the Reichsbank through various robberies masterminded by rogue members of the SS. Though these robberies were spaced out and not masterminded by a single source, the Guinness Book of Records currently lists them as the largest robbery in history.

Jews boarded the trains because first the nazis had starved them with bad work rations. In return for food, the many boarded the trains to become resettled to ‘work camps.’ The Nazis deceived them.

After the war, there were billions of dollars in gold missing from the Nazi banks in Berlin.

At least part of the fate of the hoard can be traced through the careful report made by Netzeband. He was horrified to realise that no one — and particularly not the local commanding officer Colonel Franz Pfeiffer — would give him a receipt for the gold and other valuables. gold worth more than $3 million (at 1945 prices) was still missing. Where was it?
It is believed that at least some of the gold was dug up by a few of those who had originally buried it at Walchensee. Franz Pfeiffer certainly is suspected of being one of these gold ‘liberators’. He left Germany and spent the rest of his life in Argentina. names: Georg Netzeband, a high-ranking Reichsbank official. Dr. Emil Puhl.

Rauch left the gold with a Wehrmacht Colonel named Franz Pfeiffer with vague instructions to protect it from foreign armies.
Werner Veick, the head cashier of the Reichsbank’s foreign notes department, and Dr Paul Ortwin Rave, curator of the German State Museum and assistant director of the National Galleries in Berlin.

Karl Kimmich (b September 14, 1880 in Ulm, d September 10, 1945 in Berlin) was a German banker. From 1933 to 1942 he was member of the executive board of Deutsche Bank and from 1942 to 1945 chairman with the same firm.

The defeat of Nazi Germany in May 1945 also resulted in the dissolution of the Reichsbank, along with other Reich ministries and institutions. The explanation of the disappearance of the Reichsbank reserves in 1945 was uncovered by Bill Stanley Moss and Andrew Kennedy, in post War Germany.[3]

[The Reichsbank is NOT the same as Deutschebank.]
Hermann Abs was partly responsible for the board of Deutsche Bank for the (forced sale) of Jewish businesses .
Many employees of the Reichsbank were later employed in similar positions at the Bank of German states and the federal bench: source, Deutschebank,

end of page

More nazis, Gestapo/ SD. More on Eichmann; IG Farben; German Ambassadors. Bankers and Industry.


Paragraphs moved up from below to the top of page:

Hitler knew about the Holocaust, since he ordered it:
“The Fuehrer has decided that the final solution of the Jewish question is to start immediately. I designate the Chief of the Security Police and SD and the Inspector of Concentration Camps as responsible for the execution of this order. The particulars of the program are to be agreed upon by the Chief of the Security Police and SD and the Inspector of Concentration Camps. I am to be informed currently as to the execution of this order”.
“I[ Dieter Wisliceny, SS man] was talking to Eichmann in his office in Berlin when he said that on written order of Himmler all Jews were to be exterminated. I requested to be shown the order. ” Wisliceny, affadavit­ide/wisliceny.htm

Eichmann in January 1942 meets with Heydrich and the heads of the Nazi state to formulate the “final solution to the Jewish question in Europe”. The Nazi euphemism for mass, unrelenting extermination.

“It was a Führer order that all Jews are fit for extermination,” Eichmann wrote.­d/1999/aug/12/2
Eichmann’s journal.

I take it that “%27s” means ” ‘ s” , minor mistake.

“Early Hitler letter discovered.”
Hitler’s ability to hold the interest of his listeners drew him to the attention of a superior officer, Capt. Karl Mayr. When a soldier named Adolf Gemlich, who was doing similar propaganda work for the army in Ulm, wrote asking for a clarification of “the Jewish Question,” Captain Mayr gave Hitler the assignment.

Hitler wrote to Mr. Gemlich that occasional pogroms against the Jews were not enough — the Jewish “race” must be “removed” from Germany as a matter of national policy.­/03/world/europe/03iht-hitler0­3.html?_r=1
SW Ctr , Hitler’s anti-semitic letter obtained

While Herr Hitler and his friends terrorise and delude their own country, they are the gravest menace to others. Their foreign policy is not merely an assertion of the legitimate rights of Germany, a demand for the equality which has been promised them and withheld from them. They are deliberately challenging the peace of Europe. They are not simply talking of re-armament; they are re-arming.
Taken from The New Statesman 6 May 1933
Anita Lasker Wallfisch played the cello in the women’s orchestra. In an interview in 2008, Wallfisch told a reporter that she survived Auschwitz because she was in the orchestra that played at Birkenau: “As long as they wanted an orchestra, they couldn’t put us in the gas chamber. That stupid they wouldn’t be, because we are not really replaceable. Somebody who carries stones is replaceable.”

Two important factors should be noted. During the period prior to the outbreak of World War II, the Germans were in favor of Jewish emigration. At that time, there were no operative plans to kill the Jews. The goal was to induce them to leave, if necessary, by the use of force. It is also important to recognize the attitude of German Jewry. While many German Jews were initially reluctant to emigrate, the majority sought to do so following Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass), November 9-10, 1938. Had havens been available, more people would certainly have emigrated.
-Simon Weisenthal Center­/2011/03/10/nazis-more-on-the-­church-edwin-black-eichmann-hi­tler-red-cross-evidence-on-gas­-chambers/
more info added on Catholic Church and Nazi era.­2f9c01-0c26-48fa-a17d-739a6c0a­b9f1­/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=ls­KWLbPJLnF&b=4441467&ct=1090215­9
Estonia and Lithuania­rthur_Dodd_(Auschwitz_survivor­)
British POW in Monowitz (Auschwitz III) camp.

more nazis:
Hans Albin Rauter
Eberhard Wetzel,
Max Runhof
Friedrich Rainer

more proof:

Frank’s testimony at the IMT:

“I asked Heinrich Himmler for this special permission. He said that he would urge me not to go to the camp (Majdanek). Again some time passed. On 7 February 1944 I succeeded in being received by Adolf Hitler personally-I might add that throughout the war he received me three times only. In the presence of Bormann I put the question to him: “My Fuehrer, rumors about the extermination of the Jews will not be silenced. They are heard everywhere. No one is allowed in anywhere. Once I paid a surprise visit to Auschwitz in order to see the camp, but I was told that there was an epidemic in the camp and my car was diverted before I got there. Tell me, My Fuehrer, is there anything in it?” The Fuehrer said, “You can very well imagine that there are executions going on-of insurgents. Apart from that I do not know anything. Why don’t you speak to Heinrich Himmler about it?” And I said. “Well, Himmler made a speech to us in Krakow and declared in front of all the people whom I had officially called to the meeting that these rumors about the systematic extermination of the Jews were false; the Jews were merely being brought to the East.” Thereupon the Fuehrer said, “Then you must believe that.””

Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 12 – 18th April 1946
Hans Frank

The fact that the overall direction and co-ordination of Aktion Reinhardt (the destruction of the Jews in Poland) was undertaken from Hitler’s private Chancellery certainly implicates Hitler in the genocide. There are several pieces of evidence which make it extremely difficult for anyone to defend the claim that Hitler was ignorant of Globocnik’s activities or Reinhardt.­r/belzec1/bel030.html
Konzertlager (“concert camp”): concentration camp

Viktor Klemperer’s diary.
LTI – Lingua Tertii Imperii: Notizbuch eines Philologen (1947) is a book by Victor Klemperer, Professor of Literature at the University of Dresden. The title, half in Latin and half in German, translates to The Language of the Third Reich: A Philologist’s Notebook.

more nazis:
Hans Gawlik also Johannes Gawlik (* 29 August 1904 in Breslau; d.? after 1968) was a German jurist and civil servant who played an important role in the integration of NAZI criminals in West Germany only as a criminal lawyer in NS processes and then as head of the central legal Office (ZRS) of 1950-1968.

Walter Maria Weber (* 11 may 1899 in Bochum, Germany; died 1979) was a German diplomat.
Georg Federer (* September 8, 1905 in Stuttgart; died 24 June 1984 –) was a German diplomat.
Also in Switz.
Herbert Siegfried (* December 6, 1901 in Schwerin; d. April 18, 1988 in Munich) was a German Ambassador.
Hans-Ulrich of Morava Valley (* 5 February 1906 in Berlin; d. April 4, 1977 in Leuven, Belgium) was a German Ambassador.­arl Werkmeister
d. 1976­others/news.html
Dr Ernst Stuhlinger, German scientist.

Christian Muhldorfer-vogt is the director of the historical-technical information center at peenemunde, and has studied every aspect of what the nazi scientists did here.
The German government’s behavior in the Eichmann affair reveals a mentality which goes a long way toward explaining why Nazi war crimes were not pursued energetically in the early years of the Federal Republic. Damage control.­ional/world/0,1518,756915-3,00­.html­4/2011/06/23/poland-glenn-beck­-to-visit-auschwitz-broadcast-­from-outside-town/­ohannes Heesters
actor still living; allegedly he performed for Nazis
Charles Coward, UK HERO
The following excerpts are from Charles Coward’s Nuremberg affidavit:

Affidavit Copy of Document NI-11696, Prosecution Exhibit 1462
The inmates who were selected to be gassed went through the procedure of preparing for a bath, they stripped their clothes off, and walked into the bathing room. Instead of showers, there was gas. All the camp knew it. All the civilian population knew it. I mixed with the civilian population at Auschwitz. I was at Auschwitz nearly every day…Nobody could live in Auschwitz and work in the plant, or even come down to the plant without knowing what was common knowledge to everybody.
COWARD: I made it a point to get one of the guards to take me to town under the pretense of buying new razor blades and stuff for our boys. For a few cigarettes he pointed out to me the various places where they had the gas chambers and the places where they took them down to be cremated. Everyone to whom I spoke gave the same story — the people in the city of Auschwitz, the SS men, concentration camp inmates, foreign workers — everyone said that thousands of people were being gassed and cremated at Auschwitz,
and that the inmates who worked with us and who were unable to continue working because of their physical condition and were suddenly missing, had been sent to the gas chambers.

Even while still at Auschwitz we got radio broadcasts from the outside speaking about the gassings and burnings at Auschwitz. I recall one of these broadcasts was by Anthony Eden himself. Also, there were pamphlets dropped in Auschwitz and the surrounding territory, one of which I personally read, which related what was going on in the camp at Auschwitz. These leaflets were scattered all over the countryside and must have been dropped from planes. They were in Polish and German. Under those circumstances, nobody could be at or near Auschwitz without knowing what was going on.
‘German far right are less obvious, more dangerous’
‘Der Spiegel’ reports that right-wing activists, neo-Nazis, are ditching classic garb, increasing tendency towards using violence for cause.

Poles contributed 1,000,000 men and women to the fight against Hitler.

IG Farben
In Germany a growing number of people do not understand that IG Farben’s successors Bayer, BASF and Aventis-Hoechst still refuse to apologize for their misdeeds. It is hard to accept that after the war the companies were allowed to keep IG Farben�s entire property, whereas the surviving slave workers received nothing. Until today Bayer, BASF and Hoechst did not pay any wages to their former workers­5/01/27a.php

Topf und sohnen, makers of the ovens:­dia_en/indexframe.php
For years, officialdom has avoided making a decision on what to do about the industrial and historical scar on the edge of Erfurt. There was little money available and no clear plan on what to do with the site. The excuses were myriad. Many assumed the city simply did not want to draw anymore Holocaust-related attention than the nearby concentration camp memorial at Buchenwald already generates.­ional/0,1518,407592,00.html

The Topf brother Ernst died in 1979, unmolested by the law. The other died in a Soviet prison.

Mietek Peiper has died. He typed up “Schindler’s List” for Oskar Schindler. Over 1,000 lives were saved by the two of them.

Thu Jun 9, 2011
96 year-old Dutch woman confesses to World War II-era murder
By Laura Rozen
yahoo news
It turns out he actually saved Jews’ lives! Maybe he should be in the Yad Vashem museum honor roll of the Righteous?
Fritz Karl Oskar Wöhrn [Woehrn](* March 12 1905 in Rixdorf ; † unknown)
asst to Eichmann’s adjutant. Spent time in prison. Unknown what happened afterwards.

There was resistance in Germany, but it proved to be not very effective. A few Germans protested. Professor Karl Bonhoeffer, was distraught and actively opposed the program. His entire family was opposed to Nazism — his son Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a noted Protestant theologian, and his son in law Hans von Dohnanyi were executed by the Gestapo. Ferdinand Sauerbruch was furious when told about Gnadentod by pastor Braune: “these criminals are ruining the medical profession from the roots up”. Pastor Braune was arrested by the Gestapo, but survived. The most vocal critic was the catholic archbishop of Munster, Count von Galen: “Who, in the future, will trust a doctor? Perhaps a doctor will declare him “unproductive”, possibly a doctor has an order to kill him. Unhappy people, unhappy Germany, when the commandment “Thou shalt not kill” is transgressed unpunished.” (Archbishop Count von Galen, 8.3.1941, Munster)

Jewish representative Kastner on 550,000 Hungarian Jews killed altogether by Germany and Hungary. He received these figures from Wisliceny, an adjutant of Eichmann.
Killinger in Bucharest, Veesenmayer in Zagreb & Budapest), also supported the work.

Günther-Eberhardt Wisliceny (5 September 1912 in Regulowken, now Możdżany, Giżycko County – 25 August 1985 in Hannover)
waffen SS soldat, brother of war criminal Wisliceny who was executed.
Franz Abromeit (* 8. August 1907 in Tilsit; † Todeserklärung 30. Juni 1964)
Minister Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, d 1945.
Minister Hanns Elard Ludin (June 10, 1905 – December 9, 1947)
Theodor Bethcke, d 1945
Siegfried Seidl, d 1947
Schmidtsiefen [Wilhelm? extradited to Poland, if that is he]

Dr. Max Merten d 1976
Max Merten was Kriegverwaltungsrat (military administration counselor) of the Nazi German occupation forces in Thessaloniki. He was convicted in Greece and sentenced to a 25 year term as a war criminal in 1959
In Germany, Merten was eventually acquitted from all charges due to “lack of evidence.”

“The guards told me that Merten was given a desk and typewriter, something unheard of in a prison then,” Glezos said. “One night, the guards told me Merten was being released immediately. Never does a Greek prison open before dawn for the release of a prisoner. It happened for Merten.”
Thus, the only Nazi war criminal tried and convicted in Greece was summarily released less than a year after his conviction.

Merten was deported to West Germany and arrested there. 1968 stellte ein Westberliner Gericht das Ermittlungsverfahren gegen ihn wegen Mangels an Beweisen bzw. wegen Verjährung ein. In 1968, a West Berlin court the investigation against him due to lack of evidence or a limitation of motion. Für seine fast dreijährige Haft in Griechenland erhielt er eine Entschädigung.
For his nearly three years of detention in Greece, he received compensation. Er starb 1976 als juristisch unbescholtener Mann. Die über 90.000 Opfer anderer deutscher Terrormaßnahmen sind bis heute noch nicht entschädigt.
He died in 1976 as a legally blameless man, the more than 90,000 victims of other German terrorist action has still not compensated.

Italy , Merten:

In the Italian zone Jews remained largely undisturbed, at first – until the capitulation of Italy in September 1943.
In early 1943 increased German military and diplomatic pressure on the Italian military authorities, the Jews living in the zone “final solution” measures to subdue in them. General Lohr, commander of Greece’s leading command in Army Group E oppressed, the Italian commander, General Carlo Geloso, Greek Jews to live there to deal with the German example.
When the Italians refused the, Germans began in the spring of 1943 in the Bulgarian zone of Greece the “Final Solution”.

After the capitulation of Italy, the German “final solution” immediately extended to the whole of Greece. Am 3.

**Harro Thomsen (* 3. März 1911 in Bohmstedt; † 2. Dezember 1974 in Elmshorn) 1942. In July, he became head of Department D 2 (Provincial Affairs, Poland in the Empire) in the AMT IV (Gestapo) the Central Reich Security Office RSHA, which he presided until the end of the war.
In the 1950s and 1960s years Thomsen was working as a lawyer and notary in Barmstedt.

Hans Thomsen (* 14. September 1891 in Hamburg; † 1968 ebenda[1]) German spy, Sweden.

Lieutenant General Ulrich Kleemann, involved in Hungary, d 1963.
Hans Moser: After the war, could evade Hans Moser of the arrest, came but 1946 voluntarily in Allied detention.[1] executed.
Dr. Günter Altenburg, Dr. jur. 05.06.1894, dead
Bonn, 23.10.1984.

photos, and some info.
Reichsbahn, complicit in Holocaust

more names:
Walter Zirpins
(* 26. Mai 1901 in Königshütte, Oberschlesien; † 17. Februar 1976 in Hannover
Paul Will
Dr. George
Walter Odewald
Josef Baumer
Dr Rudolf Braschwitz (* 18. Januar 1900 in Steglitz; † unbekannt, nach 1961)
Dr Sporrer
Dr Fritz Berger
Karl Kichne
Dr Maly
Dr Ewel
Dr Fritz Keunecke
Josef Menke (* 12. November 1905 in Herzfeld (Lippetal); † 2. Mai 1996 in Würzburg )
Herbert Klein
Dr Jesse
Dr Fritz Dorls (* 9. September 1910 in Brilon (Westfalen); † 25. Januar 1995 in Opponitz/Österreich

Wilhelm Stellbogen, disappeared in Cairo
Fritz Fink d 1945
Philipp Rupprecht (4 September 1900 — 4 April 1975) was a German cartoonist best known for his antisemitic caricatures in the Nazi publication Der Stürmer, under the pen-name Fips
Erhard Wittek (3 December 1898 — 4 June 1981), better known for his pen name Fritz Steuben, was a German author.
Ernst Hiemer, d. 1974 was a top editor for Die Stürmer.­­/02/us/02holocaust.html?pagew­a­nted=2&_r=1&ref=us&src=me
Holocaust Survivors Again Seek Insurance Claims: June 1, 2011­06/01/footnotes-for-tonights-t­v-show-on-nazism/
Glenn Beck exposes the Grand Mufti

German General Siedel in France.

Professor Dr. Gottfried Ewald (1888 – 1963)
German Dr who Protested nazi euthanasia program.

Dr. Bernhard Rust (30 September 1883 — 8 May 1945) was Minister of Science, Education and National Culture (Reichserziehungsminister) in Nazi Germany.­iewtopic.php?t=45327
information (graphic ) on nazi euthanasia program

“Reich Leader Bouhler and Dr. Brandt are charged with the responsibility for expanding the authority of physicians, to be designated by name , to the end that patients considered incurable according to best available human judgment of their state of health, can be granted a mercy death.”

De Crinis was an active evaluator of candidates for gassing. By the spring of 1941 one of the murder centers “celebrated” the 10,000th death. Eventually some 100,000 people were killed in the “Aktion”.De Crinis took cyanide in the last days of the war.

Professor Max de Crinis. De Crinis, an Austrian by birth, was a member of the NSDAP and a high official in the SS.. a regular advisor of the Ministries of Culture and of Health and to the Rassenamt. (There was a department of race hygiene at the Humboldt University during the Nazi era). Naturally, he was one of the of 5 psychiatry professors summoned to the Reich chancellery in July 1939 to help in “Aktion Gnadentod” – mercy death. “Aktion Gnadentod” was a program, initiated by the Führer personally to kill severely mentally disabled and incurable patients. Only one of those present, [Resistance] Prof. Ewald of Göttingen, refused to cooperate and was asked to leave the meeting.­/lokales/charite/­ml

Otto Koellreutter (* November 26 1883 in Freiburg , † February 23 1972 ) was a German legal scholar [1] and National Socialist [2]

Nazis (google translations)
Here names of former Gestapo people einkamen for recognition of their salary:

From the “White Paper – In terms of democracy”

Published by the VVN 1960 – Newly published by the VVN-BdA 2004
Publisher printing workshop Renchen

Excerpt from the foreword by Ulrich in 2004 Sander

1.HELBING, Willi, 1941 – 1945, RSH Berlin

2.STUBBE, Erich, 1934 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
3.BLEICK, Herbert, 1941 – 1945, HPF Riga, Smolensk
4.LUX, Harry, 1941 – 1945, RSH Berlin
5.KRUMREY, Theodor, 1934, 1945, RSH, Berlin, Recklh.
6.SAMUEL, Hermann, 1933 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
7.REMER, Willi, 1933 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Norway
8.HEINRICH, Gustav, 1934 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
9.SCHONBRUNN, 1935 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
10.FEUSSNER, Konrad, 1933 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
11.BORCHARD, Hellmut, 1936 – 1945, Breslau Gestapo, RSH
12.RICHTER, Erich, 1937 – 1945 RSH Berlin
13.WASSERBERG, Hans, 1933 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
14.QUOSS, Kurt, 1933 – 1945, RSH, Prague Gestapo
15.JUNGNICKEL, Hellmuth, 1943 – 1944, Lodz
16.KNOP, Heinrich, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
17.GELLESZUN, Emil, 1941 – 1942, RSH, Gestapo Berlin
18.HEUBLEIN, Adolf, 1935 – 1945, RSH, Vienna State Police
19.HÜBNER, Heinrich, 1937 – 1945, RSH, Gestapo Berlin
20.WEISS, Karl, 1934 – 1944, Gestapo Berlin, Hohensalza
21.RENZ August, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Frankfurt (Oder)
22.MEHL, Gerhard, 1940, 1945, Berlin RSH
23.HOLZHÄUSER, Walter, 1933 – 1945, RSH Berlin
24.HAYN, Wilhelm, 1937 – 1945, RSH Berlin
25.EMMERSLEBEN, Erich, 1938 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
26.SATTLER, Erich, 1936 – 1945, RSH, SD-Belgrade
27.PAULI, Reinhard, 1941 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
28.KANIA, Josef, 1938 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
29.GUENTHER, John, 1941 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Halle
30.GOHLKE, Walter, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
31.FISCHER, Frederick, 1933 – 1945, ABOUTUS, Teschen, Prague
32.ALTMANN, John, 1935 – 1945, RSH Berlin
33.VÖLKNER, Bernhard, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Vienna
34.BELOW, Walter, 1934 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
35.PRASDORF, Fritz, 1936 – 1945, RSH Vienna, Aachen
36.BURKHARDT, Martin, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
37.DAUBITZ, Otto, 1935 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
38.PREPENS, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
39.ZUCKEL, Rudolf, 1937 – 1945, Breslau Gestapo
40.MÜLLER, Otto, 36 -. 45, State Police, Berl, Salzb. Danz., Opp
41.THOMAS, Alfred, 1938 – 1945, State Police Leipzig
42.MEYER, Hermann, 1937 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
43.NEUMANN, Kurt, 1937 – 1945, Berlin, Königsberg
44.PITTIG, Franz, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
45.KROHN, Emil, 1934, 1945, Gestapo Berlin
46.STULPE, Georg, 1940 – 1945, Potsdam State Police
47.MÜCKE, Paul, 1942 – 1944, Dresden Gestapo
48.SOMMER, Ferdinand, 1937 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
49.HERDEN, August, 1937 – 1945, RSH and IV Office
50.KRAMER, Otto, 1936 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
51.HEITMANN, Wilhelm, 1938 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
52.ROSSBACH, Hermann, 1935 – end Stapo Plauen
53.ALZUHN, Otto, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
54.HAACK, Wilhelm, 1936 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
55.STRATMANN, Frederick, 1939 – 1941, Gestapo Berlin
56.KIRCHHOFF, Joseph, 1940 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
57.HOFMANN, Karl, 1935 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Holland
58.LAUX, Max, 1944 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
59.NEUENFELD, Kurt, 1941 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
60.BERNHARDT, Erich, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
61.BIESE, Karl, 1937 – 1945, State Police, Aachen, Berlin RSH
62.HANNEMANN, August, 1933-1936 Gestapo Berlin
63.NAWROT, John 1936-1945, Gestapo Berlin
(Adapted from documents of “The Exhortation”, No. 11, 1959, West Berlin)

The Totenkopf division (3rd SS division) was criminal, mainly because many of its original members were former prison guards.

Institute for Research on the Jewish question; Nazi Doctors; Beevor, “Downfall”


“By appointing Hitler Chancellor of the Reich you have handed over our sacred German Fatherland to one of the greatest demagogues of all time. I prophesy to you this evil man will plunge our Reich into the abyss and will inflict immeasurable woe on our nation. Future generations will curse you in your grave for this action,” the telegram from Ludendorff stated.
More proof of the Holocaust:
There was a telex message on display, dated June 29, 1941 from Reinhard Heydrich, addressed to the four Einsatzgruppen leaders.
Here is the English translation of Heydrich’s telex message:
Efforts to carry out purges on the part of anti-Communist or anti-Jewish groups in the territories to be newly occupied must not be hampered. On the contrary, they are to be provoked although without leaving traces — if necessary intensified and carefully guided in the right direction. This must be done in such a way that these local ‘self defense groups’ will not be able to claim later on that they were given instructions or political assurances. [**]

Hans Joachim Sewering (30 January 1916 — 18 June 2010) was a German doctor. In World War II, he is alleged to have participated in transferring 900 Handicapped Catholic children into a camp where they were killed.[1][2]

W­ilhelm Schepmann, Chief of staff for the SA, dead 1970. He is the father of Richard Schepmann, head of the Neo-Nazi publishing house Teut-Verlag, who was jailed in 1983 for inciting racial hatred.­/25/world/25schaefer.html?scp=­43&sq=nazi&st=cse

Paul Schaefer, dead nazi , Chile.

Did Germany prosecute Nazis?
Far from meting out severe punishment, German authorities took every conceivable step to acquit the clearly guilty, gave laughably short sentences where outright acquittal was impossible, re-employed guilty judges and prosecutors (often with enhanced salaries and positions of honor and responsibility) and gave generous pensions to those who could not be re-employed.

Johannes Goehler, SS, at Dachau. d. 2003­ws/2010/12/06/prsc1206.htm
Doctors infatuated with eugenics devised a legal program that sterilized 400,000 Germans with disabilities. An additional 200,000 “incurables” were killed. [My comment: Clearly it was society’s indifference to this first mass-murder operation that laid the foundations for the later ones. And it was German medicine that led the way.]­alan-elsner/a-new-nazi-war-cri­mes-tri_b_438428.html
Samuel Kunz has apparently been living quietly for decades without anyone troubling him. [my comment: He has since died. This proves that German Justice system laughed in the face of the Holocaust victims]

Samuel Kunz testified more than once in the 1960s that he was at the camp and knew what was happening there. Most of the Belzec perpetrators were never brought to justice. Nine were put on trial in Munich in August 1963. All but one were acquitted. The defendants argued that they were only following orders ….
The passage of the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act in October, 1998, set into motion the most intense, large-scale U.S. government effort yet to declassify records relating to a single subject. Preliminary surveys by twelve Federal agencies yielded a universe of more than 600 million pages of potentially relevant records, with more detailed surveys narrowing the universe to about 100 million pages.

Fifteen years later, more than eight million pages have been identified as relevant and declassified under the law.­ondetre/Einstein.html

Ordinary citizens poured forth carrying volumes looted from libraries and private homes. ‘Jewish intellectualism is dead,’ propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, his face fiery, yelled from the podium.” Einstein also learned that his name was on a list of assassination targets, with a “$5,000 bounty on his head.” One German magazine included him in a list of enemies of the German regime with the phrase, “not yet hanged.” During the spring of 1933, Nazi student organizations, professors, and librarians made up long lists of books they thought should not be read by Germans. Then, on the night of May 10, 1933, Nazis raided libraries and bookstores across Germany. They marched by torchlight in nighttime parades, sang chants, and threw books into huge bonfires. On that night more than 25,000 books were burned. Some were works of Jewish writers, including Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud.

NYT, 52 Years and $750 Million Prove Einstein Was Right
Published: May 4, 2011
Still living Nazi symp
96 year old Elizabeth Frenzel, dissertation, “The figure of the Jew in the modern German stage.” Her dissertation reveals glowing enthusiasm for National Socialism and the racial theories of Hans FK Günther-based anti-Semitism.
One source: zur Erforschung der Judenfrage

Helmut Stellrecht, d. 1987; Werner Keoppen, d. 1994; Karl Hanke (?); Hans Hagemeyer, d. 1993; Matthes Ziegeler, d. 1992; Heinrich Harmjanz, d. 1994.

Institute for research on the Jewish question.
The Institute was established on 26 March 1941 in Frankfurt. The presentations of the three-day opening event of “national death” of the Jews as a goal was formulated. It was to be achieved by “impoverishment of the European Jews at forced labor in huge camps in Poland.”

Wilhelm Grau, d. 2000; Walter Frank, d. 1945; Fritz Fischer, d. 1999, Hermann Kellenbenz, d. 1990; Guenther Franz d. 1992, Herbert A. Frenzel, d. 1995; Alfred Baumler, d. 1968; Friedrich Krebs, d, 1961; Ersnst Schulte Strathaus; Hermann Schneider; Ulrich Fleishhauer , d. 1960; Peter-Heinz Seraphim, d. 1979; Karl Springenschmid d. 1981; Georg Poensgen, d. 1974.

Apart from the actual importance of the Jewish question, the library for the research of the Jewish question assumes a high position in the realm of German libraries with its present collection of about 550,000 volumes because this Frankfurt library could be brought to such a degree of completeness as regards the literature on the Jewish question as never before in Europe or elsewhere. In the New Order of Europe Organization the library for the Jewish question not only for Europe but for the world will arise in Frankfurt and Main.

Ernst Krieck (* June 6th 1882 in Vögisheim , † March 19 1947 in the internment Moosburg an der Isar ) was a German teacher, writer and professor. Died in prison.

Dr. Walter Gross (written Groß in German) (21 October 1904 – 25 April 1945) was a German physician appointed to create the Office for Enlightenment on Population Policy and Racial Welfare. Suicide.

Walter Frank. Suicide, 1945.
In the spring of 1945 Kellenbenz – presumably following orders – in his capacity as a research officer burned for days all the files of the Munich-based “research department Jewish question”. source:

nazi drs:

Dr. Robert Ritter (d. 1951); Dr Hans F.K. Guenther (d. 1968);
Dr Ernst Rudin (d. ); Dr Eugen Fischer (de. 1967, no punishment; heavily involved in Nazi science and race laws). Dr. Fritz Lenz, d. 1976.
Benno Mueller Hill book on Nazi drs.
Ophthalmologist who fought against the Nazis:
list of Books and articles on Nazi Medicine­cle/2011/4/15/exhibit-eugenics­-holocaust-nazi/
Harvard exhibit on Nazi Drs.­depth/8481343.stm
Good article on Nazi hunting. Simon Weisenthal center: “Germany’s increase in cases is the most dramatic – from 27 [investigations] in 2008-09 to 177 in 2009-10.”

Max de Crinis (* May 29th 1889 in Ehrenhausen in Graz , † May 2 1945 suicide in Stahnsdorf in Berlin Euthanasia doctor

Edmund Geilenberg, nazi engineer d. 1964, associated with Speer. Never punished.

“The Hitler Book”, Stalin’s dossier on Adolf Hitler, on amazon. It does contain a reference to SS General Hans Kammler, indicating he is ‘thought to have committed suicide.”­110503/wl_afp/hungaryserbiawwi­iwarcrimesnazicourt
Hungarian soldier Kepiro to go on trial. He escaped from justice in 1946. However, he’s 97 years old.

German Ambassador to Hungary, Veesenmeyer, testified after the war that the deportations would have been impossible without “the enthusiastic participation of the entire Hungarian police apparatus.”

Robert Scholz (* 9. Februar 1902 in Olmütz; † 15. Januar 1981) art crimes
Gerhard Utikal (* April 15 1912 in Frederick Graetz , Upper Silesia , † November 5th 1982 in Remscheid ), art thief. Not much punishment.

Bruno Lohse (September 17, 1911 — March 19, 2007) was a German art dealer who, during World War II, became the chief art looter in Paris for Hermann Göring, helping the Nazi leader amass a vast collection of plundered artworks. During the war, Göring boasted that he owned the largest private art collection in Europe.[1] They gave amnesty to this thief.

“On the evening of 5 August 1941, in the presence of Nietsch, Paulsen, Krallat, Remerssen, Lieben, and others, Von Kunsberg informed us of Von Ribbentrop’s verbal order according to which all scientific institutions, libraries, palaces, et cetera, in Russia were to be thoroughly ‘combed out’ and everything of definite value was to be carried off”.
The Nazis were out to loot Europe and Russia blind. The Amber Room has never been found.­ens-secrets-tracking-nazi-gold­-dvd/detail.php?p=68990&v=hist­ory-education_subjects_social-­studies_military-history_world­-war-ii

German “Justice”: “Many ofthe perpetrators had substantial jobs in the postwar years,” he says. “They weren’t going to talk back then.” source: Laurence Rees, BBC.

Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State DVD 2PK
Item No.: AINS4002 DVD Set
This 6-part series tells the story of the Auschwitz, site of the largest mass murder in history. Writer Laurence Rees and his team interviewed over 100 witnesses, including former Nazi perpetrators who speak on the record for the first time. Their story is brought to life through archived footage, recreations of key moments, computer reconstructions based on recently discovered plans of the camp, and their testimony.

The Final Solution: Part One; The Final Solution: Part Two
BBC added more material to a DVD

World at War, BBC series no. 20 “Genocide (1941–1945)” 27 March 1974
Begins with the founding of the S.S. and follows the development of Nazi racial theory. It ends with the implementation of the Final Solution. [needs a link to youtube video]­/11/obituaries/richard-schulze­-kossens-hitler-adjutant.html

http://www.historylearningsite­ Nazi Germany.htm

Women were not expected to work in Nazi Germany . In Weimar Germany there had been 100,000 female teachers, 3000 female doctors and 13,000 female musicians. Within months of Hitler coming to power, many female doctors and civil servants were sacked. This was followed by female teachers and lawyers. By the start of the Second World War, very few German women were in fulltime work.
my comment: I think this is the real reason that so many supported the Nazis; they took jobs from women and gave them to men. Why do American historians refuse to look this fact in the face?

J­ames Vincent Murphy, Irish Priest, translated Mein Kampf into coherent prose.
Father Staempfle, German Priest, edited Mein Kampf. Killed during the “night of the long knives.’
Beevor, “Downfall.”
The rest of the Nazi upper echelon – the so-called “Golden Pheasants” – were no better. As Berlin’s fall became imminent, some 2,000 of them caught trains to the south. Of those who stayed, Hitler’s No 2, Martin Bormann, and SS General Mohnke ordered the execution of any Germans who failed to stay right to the bitter end. That order cost at least 10,000 lives. In the meantime, its two authors had already brought civilian clothes into the bunker ready for their own escape. —

At a time when neo-Nazis look back at this past and find it glorious, Beevor reminds us forcefully of its epic strategic foolishness and hypocrisy. Here was a leader who had set out to smash Bolshevism, but whose actions brought it right into the heart of Europe. Here was a strategist, supposedly of genius, who stuck with the Ardennes offensive long after it had failed, who instead of reinforcing the Eastern Front sent SS panzer troops from the Vistula to Hungary, who let two whole armies stay idle in the Baltics rather than rush them back to defend the Reich, who routinely ordered impossible positions to be needlessly defended. Who, unlike Stalin, never listened to his generals.

The Germans knew exactly what was coming. Heinz Guderian, the Nazi general in charge of the Eastern Front, told Hitler that his intelligence sources estimated the Russians had a superiority of 11 to one in infantry, seven to one in tanks, and 20 to one in planes and artillery. Hitler told him he was talking rubbish. It was preposterous. Under no circumstances were any troops to be switched from the Western Front. It was just an enormous bluff. The Russians wouldn’t invade at all.­/040702.html

In fact the Supreme Allied Commander, General Eisenhower, had no intention of robbing the Red Army of its prize. By 11 April, American troops were within 48 hours of Berlin, but they advanced no further. The Americans judged that the political gain was not worth the inevitable casualties, not realising that the German armies were almost desperate to surrender to the Allies rather than risk capture by the Russians. Churchill advocated seizing the capitals of Berlin, Prague and Vienna before they were overrun by the Red Army, but his voice no longer counted.

Beevor comments on this in his book on Berlin noting that on the 19th March Hitler issued what became known as the “Nero” order. Hitler called for the destruction of Bridges, factories and pretty much anything that the enemy might be able to use. Speer argued against this, originally saying that their destruction meant “eliminating all further possibility for the German people to survive”. Hitler replied “This time you will recieve a written reply to your memorandum. If the war is lost, the people will also be lost [and] it is not necessary to worry about their needs for elemental survival. On the contrary it is best for us to destroy even those things. For the nation has proved to be weak, and the future belongs entirely to the strong people of the east. Whatever remains after this battle is in any case only the inadequates, because the good ones will be dead.” Hitler, quote from Beevor.

more proof of the Holocaust:
Mauthausen concentration camp was established in Austria while Kaltenbrunner was the Higher SS and Police Leader for Austria, and was frequently visited by Kaltenbrunner before he was appointed Chief of the Security Police and SD (L-51). On the occasion of one such visit in 1942, Kaltenbrunner personally observed the gas chamber in operation (2753-PS). http://www.jewishvirtuallibrar­­brunner.html

Nazi doctors, pt 1


Below I’ve posted links to the English- translated documents from the Nuremberg trials against the Nazi doctors.This was evidence submitted as proof of the Nazi doctors’ use of prisoners in inhuman and often deadly experiments. [mazal page fixed, should be visible now]

US HMM GRAPHIC video on the Holocaust.


Dr Grawitz, top Nazi doctor, committed suicide at the end of April 1945.

Several Nazi Doctors were indeed convicted of Mustard gas experiments, in the Nuremberg Trial.

Dr. Fritz Klein (1888-1945) – One of the worst SS doctors making selections at Auschwitz and was present at most of them, like Mengele. In 1944, Klein was transferred to Bergen-Belsen where he gave people death injections. He was put on trial by the British along with about 50 members of the Bergen-Belsen staff and he was executed with commandant Josef Kramer on December 13, 1945.­ide/MedicalCaseTrialI­ndictment.html

Trial against Drs specifically mentions “poison”­iewtopic.php?f=38t=19222
Nazi SS Doctors, and their crimes against humanity.­rnst-Robert Grawitz
Dr Grawitz advised Himmler on gas chambers

Copy of secret order by Hitler to Dr Grawitz, who was in charge of the Doctors in the camp system.

HLSL Item No.: 502

Personal Author: Ernst Grawitz (Dr., Lt. Gen. Waffen-SS, Reich Physician SS)
Descriptive Title: Telegram to Rudolf Brandt concerning secret order by Hitler.
Document Date: 17 March 1944
Evidence Code No.: NO-14 (Click for all versions of this document.)
Language of Text: English
Notes: This Staff Evidence Analysis was prepared by Manfred Wolfson on 26 June 1946. The telegram is a reply to a letter from Brandt, NO 13-a. The order by Hitler apparently concerned poison gas.
Document Type: A non-trial evidence files document from which a trial document was derived.
Evidence File Name: NO
Source of Text: IMT/NMT Staff Evidence Analysis
Trial Transcript Citation: Trial Name: NMT 01. Medical Case – USA v. Karl Brandt, et al., English Transcript: p. 1039 (3 January 1947)

Dr. Grawitz, 22 Nov 1944 to HH
re: use of poison gas

Grawitz To Heinrich Himmler
Seawater experiments
“jews at dachau ” to be used as guinea pigs in dangerous experiments

more on the same

Sachsenhausen experiments

Clauberg, sterilization of women

Sepsis experiments (artificially induced)’s+polygal+experiments+and+the+secrecy+of+experiments+in+concentration+camps.&color_setting=C

no. 37
Dr reprimanded for Publication of results because it shows that
‘experiments have been done on prisoners.”

typhoid experiments at Ravensbrueck



nazi dr, sterilization of millions

Dr Pokorny * see bottom of page

Action reinhard(t) completed

Heinrich Himmler on Action reinhard

100 million Reichmarks stolen from the victims of Action Reinhard (t)

Heinrich Himmler on medical experiments

Heinrich Himmler on Mauthausen
experiments on prisoners, natzweiler

mustard gas on wounds
mustard gas on people

Found out that sometimes “Action Reinhard” is also spelled “Action Reinhardt”, aka “Operation Reinhardt”. They all refer to the same 4 camps – Lublin-Majdanek (Maidanek), Sobibor, Treblinka, and Belzec.

Hitler speech, Dec 12 1941, to the Gauleiters, p.212, “The Holocaust on Trial”, Guttenplan. Hitler makes clear his intentions are extermination.

Natzweiler , the Waffen SS left behind a rare document in which, contrary to the coded terminology generally employed by the Nazis, specific mention was made of “the construction of a gas chamber at Struthof.”
source:, wikipedia


The inheritors of IG Farben admit  that there was a death camp at Auschwitz.Birkenau -Monowitz.

*In May 1944, Himmler claimed in a speech that
The Jewish question in Germany and the occupied countries has been solved.
*Dr. Edwin Katzenellenbogen, a former member of the faculty of the Harvard Medical School, asked the court for his death sentence. “You have place the mark of Cain on my forehead,” he exclaimed. “Any physician who committed the crimes I am charged with deserves to be killed.” He was given life imprisonment.

“A lecture at the Berlin Military Medical Academy in May of 1943 given by two of the most notorious of the doctor-killers, Karl Gebhardt and Fritz Fischer, on the subject of gas gangrene experiments on prisoners.”
source: Shirer, Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, pp 979-91 , on the Doctors

“Dr. Ernst Grawitz, SS and Police Gruppenfuehrer (Lt. Colonel) was the top doctor in the SS. He was the one who suggested to Himmler in the summer of 1941 gas chambers as means to the `Final Solution,’ i.e. the mass extermination of Jews. He knew of and kept an executive’s eye on numerous other experiments with human guinea pigs at various concentration camps, for instance body resistance to freezing, jaundice, typhus (research done for I.G. Farben), and the drinkability of sea water. He committed suicide in 1945.”

Extracted from- “WOMEN IN THE RESISTANCE AND IN THE HOLOCAUST: THE VOICES OF EYEWITNESSES” Edited (and with introduction) by Vera Laska. Greenwood Press, Westport London, 1983. LOC 82-12018, ISBN 0-313-23457-4 p. 226
Trial against Doctors specifically mentions “poison”

The Camp Men, by French MacLean, gives ample proof of the crimes of the SS, and their connection to the Drs in the camps. SS trained at Dachau, making it part of the ‘Death Camp system.’

my comment: Courts after the war, including the German-led trials, convicted Nazis after reviewing the evidence of gassing in numerous camps, including Mauthausen and Auschwitz Trials. ‘ No one could have been convicted on a ‘maybe.’ There is conclusive evidence the Nazi doctors sent people to gas chambers, as these trials proved .

Lifton, The Nazi Doctors; also Vivian Spitz, Doctors from Hell (books)

From all the documents and indications available, it is clear that between March 1942 and 28 April 1945, gassings claimed more than five thousand victims at Mauthausen (see note 39). Most of them were Soviet citizens, but there were many Czechs, Slovaks, and Poles as well, and, in the last period of the murders, mostly members of the Austrian resistance, though also Germans, Italians, Yugoslavs, Frenchmen, and citizens of other countries.

from: Nazi Mass Murder, a documentation of use of Poison Gas.

Dr Muench was at Auschwitz, and knew that people were being gassed. (Lifton, the Nazi doctors).

Dr Lolling.­azi_human_experimentation
Many of the subjects died as a result of the experiments conducted by the Nazis, while many others were murdered after the tests were completed to study the effect post mortem.[22] Those who survived were often left mutilated, suffering permanent disability, weakened bodies, and mental distress.[­laus Schilling
Dr Schilling’s malaria experiments on humans at Dachau resulted in 3-400 deaths.

Several Nazi doctors were indeed convicted of Mustard gas experiments.

my comment: The fact is that Nazis did experimentation on humans that led to deaths at Dachau, as proved in the court case against the Head of the German Red Cross, Gebhardt..,+Wolfram+Sievers,+and+SS+Obergruppenfuehrer+Juettner,+enclosing+a+decree+by+Hitler.&color_setting=C

1 Mar 44 Hitler decree, top secret, regarding Chemical weapons program

Proves that Hitler order re: chem experiments, was sent to Brandt, and received by Grawitz.

my comment: This document proves that the Nazis did have Waffen SS drs. working on a typhus vaccine at the Robert Koch Institute; so why didn’t they distribute typhus vaccine to the concentration camp victims? The source is the courtroom testimony of a a secretary to one of the chief Nazi doctors. She states that Himmler had decreed that the prisoners be used instead of animals.

The Prosecutor specified a number of Allied countries from which, he claimed, many of the persons gassed had originated. ** Wilhelm Bahr told how he himself had gassed two hundred Russians. **Pery Broad mentioned Jews from Belgium, Holland, France, Czechoslovakia and Poland, among those gassed at Auschwitz. Also, Gerstein’s report.­nb.htm#Remainingwitz.­yklon-BTrial/Zyklon-095.htm

Trial of IG Farben for zyklon B in camps; also Pohl Case.

Dr Brandt was convicted in the Doctors Trials for having taken part in Himmler and Dr Hirt’s collection of skeletons. The prisoners from whom these skeletons were taken were poisoned in the gas chamber at Natzweiler , France. This testimony and evidence were reviewed by the court. The French police took photographs of the gas chamber.

Nazi Dr Theodor Mollison, d. 1952, racial hygiene and anthropology. Along with Eugen Fischer, one of Mengele’s mentors.

Dr Eduard Krebsbach
English translation

In July 1941, Eduard Krebsbach to his service as a medical officer in the Austrian concentration camp Mauthausen. Property in his position was Krebsbach placed directly under the Office D III (medical care and camp hygiene) of the SS Economic and Administrative Headquarters and had the oversight of the medical care and the entire medical staff of the camp. Krebsbach under the action of certain 14f13 handicapped and sick inmates to the lethal gas injections into the heart. 1942 under his supervision, 900 tubercular Russian, Polish and Czech prisoners were murdered by a syringe. This activity is among the prisoners to him the nickname “Dr. Spritzer”.

Krebsbach was for the installation of a gas chamber in the basement of the infirmary at Mauthausen, and for the purchase of a “special vehicle”, which should replace the practice of death by injection. End of 1942 were gassed in the presence of Dr Krebsbach, 120-130 Czechs because of their involvement in the assassination of the Deputy Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia Reinhard Heydrich.

Due to an incident in which Krebsbach, 22 May 1943 an army of nocturnal holidaymakers due to disturbance was shot outside his house, he was dismissed from his position as chief medical officer of Mauthausen in August 1943 and was disease-Inspector of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania [2].

He was hanged at Nuremberg for these crimes.


Nazi Drs., in German
Auschwitz, zyklon b case
some Nazi scientists:

Bruno Tesch (found guilty; executed)
Joachim Drosihn (found not guilty)
Karl Weinbacher (guilty; executed)

other Nazi Doctors:
German to English translation
Dr. Erich Hippke (* 1888 † 1969) was the Surgeon General. From 1935 to 1944 Chief of Medical Service, the Air Force.
*Never put on trial
Prof. Dr. Erich Hippke (1888-1969):
General Surgeon. From 1935 to 1944
Chief of Medical Service, the Air Force. In
his tenure were the altitude tests. In
Nuremberg only because he was not sitting on the
Dock, allegedly because his stay
was unknown. For him sat his successor,
Surgeon-General Dr. Oskar Schroeder, in
Nuremberg trial. Because involvement in
the sea water drinking tests, Schroeder received a
life imprisonment, which ended in 1954
was. Schroeder became an expert in the U.S.
to the U.S. Air Force.

After 1945 inter alia in West Berlin Dr. Hippke
worked as a doctor.

Dr. Oskar Schroeder

More: German to English translation
05/24/1943 – 05/26/1943 Participants to the 3rd session of the Consultative doctors “in the Academy of Military in Berlin. Dr. Fischer gives a lecture on “Special experiments on sulfonamide-response” (human experiments in the women’s concentration camp Ravensbrück)
01/01/1944 09/30/1944 leaders Reserve (RdLuOb.dL), the Scientific Advisory Board’s representative for health care (durchgebalkt)
30/09/1944 Farewell, then medical officer at AEG in Berlin
1945 in Bavaria “hidden” (source: Ernst Klee)

Authority to issue directives to all luftfahrtmedizinischen Institute
The Board of Trustees of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research

10/10/1942 Thanks Himmler for their support in the human experiments at Dachau

03.06.1943 at SS General and General of the Waffen-SS Karl Wolff:
“All the work in the field of aviation medicine – ie the altitude – were under my supervision in my capacity as scientific director of the German aviation medicine.”

In late 1946, claimed the defense of ex-Field Marshal Erhard Milch, Dr. Friedrich Bergold, and Dr. Fritz Sauter, Defender of the Doctors’ Trial, the Hippke subpoena as a witness. Statement on 07.02.1945 in the process

to 1962 panel doctor (practitioner) in Berlin
thanks to: Dieter Zinke for this info.


**Dr. Pokorny, acquitted of planning sterilization. b. 1895, d. (?)

In October 1941, Pokorny turned in a letter to Himmler, in his capacity as Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German nationality. In her own words must be “Driven by the idea that the enemy not only defeated but destroyed,” [5] He submitted the proposal, sterilization experiments on humans with the South American Schweigrohrpflanze (Caladium make seguinum). Pokorny Himmler pointed to a release of Madaus AG, to this plant. It was Gerhard Madaus discovered that the sap of the Schweigrohrs particularly in animals a permanent sterility caused. [6] He spoke in reference to “three million currently made in German captivity located Bolsheviks” for immediate human attempts to make them “from reproduction” to exclude . not to endanger [7] In the experiment, he gave Himmler the Council to begin immediately with the plant breeding and to allow further Madaus any other publications in order to avoid that the “enemy” would be aware of these plans. [8 ] Himmler pointed Oswald Pohl and Ernst-Robert Grawitz to pursuing Pokorny instructions and to communicate with Madaus friend to “the possibility of criminal attempt to persons who are sterilized in and of itself would have to explore.” However, soon turned out that the plant native to South America due to the climatic conditions too slow and would have no adequate measures can be produced, so they Himmler and its experts for the planned mass sterilizations appeared inappropriate. Nevertheless, Himmler insisted that at least with the already existing substances of plant, carry out experiments in concentration camps. Until the war ended there were no usable results of tests before the Schweigrohrpflanze [9].

Pokorny as a defendant in the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial

Last physician, Pokorny worked in the year 1945 in the health department in Munich. In 1946 he was indicted in the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial. In the group of defendants took Pokorny one as a practicing dermatologist a special position. [10] The only one of them he had not been a member of the Nazi party and never a responsible position had occupied in the hierarchy. [3] defended the process progresses, Pokorny so that the ineffectiveness of the Schweigrohrs was aware and had Himmler by his proposal to the application of proven methods of sterilization to dissuade. He pretended to have provided for the sterilization of programs for Jews and people experienced in the eastern territories .. The plans he had, want to avoid by referring to the Schweigrohrpflanze as a red herring [11].

The court followed the presentation Pokorny not said it yet free:

“We of the defense, which has argued the defendant not impressed and it is hard to believe that he of the noble motives, which he claims was headed when he wrote the letter. Rather, we tend to think that Pokorny wrote the letter for quite different and more personal reasons. […] In the case of Pokorny, it is the prosecution failed to prove his guilt. So monstrous and low, the proposals in this letter are lies, but not the slightest evidence to suggest that any steps have ever been made to bring them through tests on humans to use. We state that the accused must be acquitted not because of, but despite the defense, which he has put forward. “[12]
*He was not convicted.

Dr Bouhler (1899-1945), Philip , Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence, [online], published on 23 February 2009, accessed 1 September 2010, URL :, ISSN 1961-9898

Bouhler was already member of the Nazi party in 1920. He then took Axmann’s function as manager of the party finances. He was one of the putschists of 1923 and became chief of the Führer chancellery in 1934. One of his tasks consisted in writing Hitler’s decrees. Considered as a discreet person, Bouhler was nevertheless one of the most important men in the Nazi state apparatus. He was largely involved in the euthanasia operations practiced in the psychiatric establishments and also in the Eastern territories. Shortly after the invasion of Poland, on September 1, 1939, Hitler named him responsible for the euthanasia operations in a letter that constitutes one of the rare written orders signed by the Führer himself. Bouhler was the coordinator of the whole operation but delegated its working process to Victor Brack. The euthanasia program was called “T4” because the head office was located at number 4 in the Tiergartenstrasse. After the suspension of the operation, a major part of the staff was sent to death centers located in the Eastern territories and operated within the Reinhard Action. Later on, Bouhler advised Himmler during the gassing operations of the action 14f13. Goebbels, in his diary, confirmed that Bouhler was the right person at the right place. Bouhler committed suicide a few hours before the allied forces arrived.

Arad, Y., Gutman, Y., Margaliot, A. (Eds.), 1981, Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the Destruction of the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet Union, Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, Document nº. 212, pp. 471-473.

German to English translation
Camp doctor in concentration and extermination camps

Dr. Entress, son of an employee of the Poznan University Library, completed a medical and joined in November 1939, the Waffen-SS (membership number at 352 124). In 1943 he was promoted to SS Captain. His service began as a camp doctor on 3 January 1941 in Gross-Rosen concentration camp. There practiced Entress the activities of the medical officer to 10 From December 1941. From December 1941 to October 1943 was Entress camp doctor in Auschwitz III Monowitz. In Auschwitz, together with proven Entress Hellmuth cousin and Eduard Wirths on behalf of the Group IG Colors on prisoners, the safety and efficacy of new pharmaceutical products. In many cases, the detainees for the investigation were infected with diseases. Entress was probably from May 1942 to command incurable mentally ill, incurable tuberculosis and to permanently unfit for work by killing injections. From autumn 1942, also fell ill prisoners killed, within four weeks were recovered.

His Ph.D. in 1942 without the presentation of a dissertation by a Regulation concerning the preferred treatment of persons from the so-called Eastern Territories [1].

From 21 October 1943 until 25 July 1944 was in the Austrian concentration camp doctor Entress Gusen, a sub-camp of Mauthausen concentration camp. 1944 Entress returned back to the Gross-Rosen concentration camp, from January 1945 to the end of the war, he served as physician of the 9th Division SS-Division Hohenstaufen at the front.

Process and sentencing
1946 was negotiated against Frederick Entress in the Mauthausen main process, one of the Dachau Trials, before a U.S. military court. Entress was in the course of his career as a camp doctor in the concentration camp accused Chancellor 1943-1944, to have been responsible, together with the medical officer Waldemar Wolter for the selection of sick inmates to be gassed. Entress was on 14 April 1947 an affidavit (Document No. NO 2368, Office of Chief of Counsel for War Crimes) from the selections of the detainees after their arrival in Auschwitz, the facilities for the gasification of the prisoners and the killings by injections.

Entress appealed to obey orders and did not as a witness on its own behalf. On 13 May 1946 Entress found guilty along with 57 co-defendants sentenced to death. Following the dismissal of a petition for clemency to his wife he was on 28 May 1947 in Landsberg prison for war criminals executed.

“The Dutch medical establishment would not give in…” to performing Euthanasia.

THREE IGF board,
Heinrich Horlein d.
Wurster, Karl
Wilhelm Rudolf Mann
d. 1992

All acquitted
Joachim Drosihn, acquitted
Adolf Butendandt , d. 1995. Not proved to have done anything wrong
But did give recommendation to Dr Verschuer
Dr Victor Capesius
July 2, 1907, Reußmarkt / Transylvania – 20 March 1985, Göppingen)
The Doctor of Pharmacy found a job at a subsidiary of IG Farben, married in 1934, and went to Transylvania doctors and pharmacists to sell the products of his company. The pharmaceutical representatives got to know people to whom he in the summer of 1944 on the ramp

The site along railroad tracks, where the Jews were deported to Auschwitz selected, then “ramp” is mentioned. In Auschwitz there was for the transportation of the → Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) with Jews from all over Europe, two ramps selection: the → “Old ramp” and the → New ramp. Birkenau

:: Since October 1941 by the SS as a “prisoner of war camp” called Birkenau camp was built, which was to continually expanded in 1944. In the camp at Birkenau and since mid-1942 four crematoria were built with gas chambers, which were the places of extermination.
should meet again. After the Vienna Award in 1940 Transylvania became part of Hungary and the Romanian citizens Capesius went to Bucharest from the Romanian army and did his military service. The rank of captain in the Romanian army service he did and led the hospital pharmacy of an army site. Meanwhile, he went to August 1943, working as a representative of IG Farben

:: The company “community of interest Farben” built east of town since April 1941, the Auschwitz a plant for the production of synthetic rubber (Buna →) and synthetic fuel. The Group and the staff employed by contractors charged him thousands of civil and eastern workers, prisoners of war and concentration camp prisoners. Since the end of October 1942, immediately adjacent to the premises a proprietary concentration camp, which was administered by the → SS. In Stock Buna / Monowitz end 1944 10,000 prisoners were housed, had to pay for IG Farben slave labor.

Under an agreement between Germany and Romania, the ethnic German Capesius in the late summer of 1943, drafted into Hitler’s army, and performed in Central Medical Store service in Warsaw, Berlin and Dachau. Even at his first stop in Warsaw, Capesius was placed under the Waffen SS and was awarded the rank of the approximation so-called SS-Hauptsturmführer. Now term as the Waffen-SS member, he was of his superiors, the SS Economic Administration Main Office

:: In 1942, formed from several administrative bodies of the SS Economic Administration Main Office (SS-WVHA) was in charge of the concentration camp.
ordered and sent to Oranienburg in early 1944 to Auschwitz. Capesius should aid the ailing head of the SS pharmacy

:: In the department that was responsible for the medical care of the SS personnel and prisoners from camps in the Division V: SS garrison doctor, there was a pharmacy, were maintained in drug and medical equipment. ***The SS-Pharmacy in Auschwitz had the peculiarity that there encamped also the means by which people were killed. It was → → phenol and Zyklon B. The head of the SS-pharmacy in the summer of 1944, the defendant Dr. Victor Capesius has, according to an official meeting, which the superior of the SS medical personnel, SS medical officer Dr. Eduard Wirths conducted in May 1944, also called “service” done on the ramp. “Ramp services” was: Implementation of the → selections. represented by Auschwitz.

The death of the chief pharmacist in February 1944 Capesius unexpectedly made him the lead of the agency. Until the stock clearance in January 1945 Capesius remained in that capacity.

The flight from the Red Army ended for him in the capital Berlin, the war he lived in Schleswig-Holstein, where he was in British captivity. dismissed after a year Capesius went to Stuttgart and began studying electrical engineering at the Technical University of. In Munich to visit him again saw an Auschwitz survivor who later process-Leon Czekalski witness on the street and pointed to the former SS Major leaders of Auschwitz. The American military police intervened and Capesius was being held in detention camps in Dachau and Ludwigsburg.

Since he believes the American body had no crimes to prove it, the Americans let him off during August 1947. Capesius found employment in his profession at a Stuttgart pharmacy, made himself independent in October 1950 and acquired the pharmacy market in Göppingen. In Reutlingen later he ran a beauty salon. Most recently, the successful businessman 12 employees and in 1958 a turnover of DM 400,000.
In early December 1959, Capesius arrested in Göppingen. His detention lasted eight years.

Even before the Assize Court ruling became final in August 1965, February 1969, sentenced to nine years in prison Capesius came in January 1968 released from custody. Göppingen citizens know to report the murder to aid in four cases at least 2000 people Persons judged – was welcomed on the day of his release from prison when visiting a city concert with applause – as stated in the Tribunal’s ruling. His business had had Capesius his wife, himself a pharmacist, overwritten.

So he spent 3 years in prison, and had been detained for ten years total. Yet he states he was on the ramp doing ‘selections’ for the gas chamber.
Helmut Poppendick
The court considered it proven that Helmut Poppendick knew about almost all the experiments that were conducted in the era of National Socialism in concentration camps on prisoners, had knowledge, but saw no criminally relevant responsibility given [7].

After being released on 1 February 1951 worked from the Prison Landsberg Poppendick as an internist in Oldenburg, 1957 with cash approval.

Another Nazi doctor who got away with it. Lived till 1994 in Germany, free.­yklon-BTrial/Zyklon-095.htm

Trial of IG Farben for zyklon B in camps; also Pohl Case.


Natzweiler , the Waffen SS left behind a rare document in which, contrary to the coded terminology generally employed by the Nazis, specific mention was made of “the construction of a gas chamber at Struthof.”

source:, wikipedia


Finally, the inheritors of IG Farben Company admit that there was a death camp at Auschwitz.Birkenau -Monowitz.

Participation in the T4-action [edit]
Conti was one of the persons, which was in January 1940 at the old Brandenburg prison, the killing of people in a gas chamber and for comparison purposes with the killing presented injections. Conti should have made it even injections. [7] This so-called “Brandenburg test gassing” was part of the preparation of the Action T4, the mass killing of sick and disabled. In addition to the “euthanasia” programs, Leonardo Conti was also involved in typhus experiments at Buchenwald concentration camp. [3]