Archive for the ‘Hitler’ Category

table of contents: Use the search

02/02/2012

I’d like to remind you that in order to leave a comment, you don’t have to leave your email address. One or two of the pages may be in a slightly different order than shown.

*Conclusion

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/of-historical-value/

NEW info added :

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/notes-on-national-socialism/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/some-more-nazis/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2011/11/22/fate-of-nazis-iv/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/nazis-who-escaped-justice/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/the-black-book-babi-yar/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-nazis-euthanasia-hans-frank/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/yet-more-on-the-nazis-jan-2013/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/yet-more-on-the-nazis-pt-2/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-on-the-nazis-part-3/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-on-the-nazis-dec-2012-kwi-part-two/

NEW https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-on-the-nazis-dec-2012-kwi/
NEW https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/nazi-police-uckermark-more-on-nazis/

**Nov 2012, Nazis

**IKL,

*IKL, 2 ,

NEW :the-reichenau-order/

**Yugoslavia, Hitler

NEW:national-socialism-and-the-mideast/

**Holocaust, business, and Hitler

**More on Nazis, August 2012

**Man who advised Hitler

**Ravensbrueck

more-on-the-nazi-gas-chambers-evidence/

**More on Nazi medicine, part 2

**More on nazi medicine

**nazis-in-yugoslavia-other-nazis/

**Polish report to the UN on the Holocaust

Drs at Mauthausen- Gusen

more-nazis-wannsee conference follow up

justice-at-nuremberg/

More on Nazis and the Red Cross

*Auschwitz, More

*Auschwitz, Part 2

More on the national socialist era

*New info on Auschwitz

*Jan 2012, Research

———————–

*resistance to nazis
*Robert Ley; Lithuanian Hiwis
Fate of Nazis 4
Fate of Nazis 3
Fate of Nazis
Fate of Nazis, 2
notes, nazi collaborators show
Eichmann’s Men
German Legal Profession and nazis

more Nazis, 2
More Nazis, Euthanasia
More Nazis, summer 2011
More Nazis Gestapo/SD
More nazis
Hitler on the Holocaust
Institute for research on the Jewish Question
May 2011
BBC on the Holocaust, part two
BBC, part one
March/April comments, 2011
Red Cross; Eichmann
More proof that Hitler knew
The Church and the Holocaust
More Nazis V/ Mufti
Majdanek
Church and Holocaust part 2
Holocaust in Hungary; Intl Red Cross; Himmler’s Speeches
Auschwitz Trial
Belarus
more evidence of the Holocaust
On Denial
Post-war Nazi careers (more nazis 1)
More Nazis 2
More Nazis 3
More Nazis, IV

Nazi Drs. part one
Nazi Drs, part two
Odessa
Dr von Verschuer, et al.
Yugoslavia 1
Yugoslavia, 2
Yugoslavia, 3

Ian Kershaw on Hitler
Original Documents on the Holocaust
Holocaust

Adolf Hitler, the Long shadow of Evil.
Himmler and the Holocaust
Hitler knew
Laurence Rees, Auschwitz
Let’s demolish Holocaust denial
More July comments
July comments
August Comments

Comments
blog comments
blog comments 2
Baltics, holocaust
Miscellaneous
Kammler plans for Auschwitz
Nuremberg

Hitler orders destruction of Germany
Comments
Auschwitz Album
Images
Some Nazis who survived
More on Auschwitz Birkenau. IG Farben
Hitler ordered Holocaust
Jasenovac; Waldheim
Der Spiegel

Auschwitz Trial
Auschwitz news

Euthanasia, a. B.
Blog comments*
Speer and Kammler
Romersa
Kammler II
Youtrans
Valkyrie
David Irving
Richard Evans
Anne Franck
Vatican
Goebbels
Holocaust Order

16 pieces of evidence
Assorted info.
Paolosilv
Grisly Forgotten Nazis
Deniers
Wiesenthal
Der Process
Graphics
Nazis
Sandberger
World Knew
Korherr Report
Denial
Flossenburg

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Conclusion.

02/02/2012
NEW:
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/national-socialism-and-the-mideast/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/notes-on-national-socialism/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/of-historical-value/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/some-more-nazis/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/nazis-who-escaped-justice/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/the-black-book-babi-yar/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-nazis-euthanasia-hans-frank/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/yet-more-on-the-nazis-jan-2013/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-on-the-nazis-dec-2012-kwi-part-two/

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-on-the-nazis-part-3/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/more-on-the-nazis-dec-2012-kwi/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/nazi-police-uckermark-more-on-nazis/
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/ikl-more-nazis-2/ more names found: Auschwitz Central Building office.
====

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiRirhxqxPE

Hitler’s nazi killer police. Very disturbing, graphic. Be forewarned, yet it is necessarily to know what these nazis did.

HITLER KNEW

On November 28, 1941, Hitler officially received al-Husseini in Berlin. Hitler made a declaration that after “…the last traces of the Jewish-Communist European hegemony had been obliterated… the German army would… gain the southern exit of Caucasus… the Führer would offer the Arab world his personal assurance that the hour of liberation had struck. Thereafter, Germany’s only remaining objective in the region would be limited to the Vernichtung des… Judentums [‘destruction of the Jewish element’, sometimes taken to be a euphemism for ‘annihilation of the Jews’] living under British protection in Arab lands..”[55]

http://www.amazon.com/Hitler-Final-Solution- by Gerald-Fleming/dp/0520060229

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holocaust_(resources), reference 55, quoted.

———————————————
NEW
Posen Speeches, wikipedia. Contains info. on Himmler’s many speeches on the Holocaust.

[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Action_T4

At Posen (occupied Poznań), hundreds of patients were killed by means of carbon monoxide gas in an improvised gas chamber developed by Dr Albert Widmann, chief chemist of the German Criminal Police (Kripo). In December 1939, the SS head, Heinrich Himmler, witnessed one of these gassings, ensuring that this invention would later be put to much wider uses.[49]]

New book, “Soldaten,” details crimes committed by Wehrmacht soldiers. In their own words, thanks to taped conversations made of them by the British military.
Dachau, Chief physician was von Weyherns. He tried in February biochemical means of detainees. For registration of the deaths were from 1 June set up a private storage registry office. Until then, the number of deaths was loud registry office of the city of Dachau on 3486 [26] people.
Dachau: In Block I, a biochemical research station was set up. Head was Emil Heinrich Schütz  (born April 12, 1906 in Schmiedeberg) was a German physician and participated in human experiments in the Nazi concentration camps.He survived the war unharmed and settled in 1947 in Essen as a specialist for internal medicine. Only in December 1972 he was before the District Court of Munich II (AZ 12 KS 1/72) accused because of his experiments. A number of “Persilscheine”, which he presented to his discharge, proved in the process convenience products. On November 20, 1975, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. Doctors certified him a serious illness so that he had to not fulfill his sentence.
Dr. Ernst Heinrich Schmidt (March 27, 1912 – † November 28, 2000) was a German physician and SSHauptsturmführer, employed in a variety of Nazi concentration camps during World War II. He was tried in 1947 and 1975 for complicity in war crimes, but was acquitted both times.
————————————————————————————
note: I’m sorry for the sometimes poor quality of google transl. from German and other languages. However, I felt that it was impt to collect this information to prove conclusively that the Fed’l Republic of Germany, along with other gov’ts, failed to pursue nazi criminals to the fullest extent of the law. The escape of so many nazi doctors from justice, or the failure to prosecute them in the first place, is especially galling.
Hans Gustav Felber (born July 8, 1889 in Wiesbaden, Germany – March 8, 1962 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German General der Infanterie in the second world war.Alleged involvement in war crimes. The deportation of Polish Jews from the Lodz ghetto was ordered by Felber as then Chief of staff of the eighth army, before the command was issued by Reinhard Heydrich. This shows that the Wehrmacht was at an early stage leader involved in the persecution of Jews.The army group was responsible after the company Anton Felber of the defenses in the previously under the sole control of Vichy France. While Felbers troops were involved in the deportation of Jews from Marseille and the evacuation and destruction of the waterfront in January 1943.
Against Felber, a discovery method for breach of international law on hostage killings in Serbia was in 1949 initiated before the District Court of Frankfurt/M., which was not continued.
Franz Albrecht Medicus (Born 18 December 1890 in Strasbourg; died 5 July 1967 in Wiesbaden) was a German jurist. Involved in writing the Nurnberg Laws. Early on, Buchenwald administrators learned through the prisoner grapevine about Dr Katzen-Ellenbogen’s helpfulness to the Gestapo in France. source: “War on the Weak,” Edwin Black.
SS Werner Fricke, d. 1988, Buchenwald Camp Political director.
 born 30.6. 1908, SSnr. 52183. he worked at Lichtenburg till the  camp moved to Buchenwald in 1937 and there he was registrar (standesbeamter).

Robert Roessle aka Robert Rössle (* August 19 1876 in Augsburg , † November 21 1956 in Berlin ) was a German pathologist .

In the era of National Socialism was Rössle Associate Editor of Human heredity and constitutional doctrine. August 1942 he called Adolf Hitler in the academic senate of the Army Medical Department. . Rössle participated in the human experiments based on Air Force research on the pathological-anatomical changes in decompression sickness and air blast damage. Rössle in 1944 the Scientific Advisory Board of the General Commissioner for the medical and health care was Karl Brandt called. [2]

As a member of Nazi party had been, [2] He taught at the end of the Second World War continue to the Humboldt University in Berlin . After retirement he worked until 1953 as a prosector at the Municipal Wenckebach -Hospital in Berlin and then at the Institute of experimental studies devoted tissue research.

Heinrich Deubel (19 February 1890 – 2 October 1962) was a German soldier, civil servant and officer in the Schutzstaffel who served as commandant of Dachau concentration camp.
Victim: Captain Karl Mayr (January 5, 1883 in Mindelheim – February 9, 1945 in Buchenwald concentration camp) was a General Staff officer and Adolf Hitler‘s immediate superior in an army Intelligence Division in the Reichswehr, 1919-1920. Mayr was particularly known as the man who introduced Hitler to politics. In 1919, Mayr directed Hitler to write the Gemlich letter, in which Hitler first expressed his anti-semitic views in writing.[1][2]

Mayr later became Hitler’s opponent, and wrote in his memoirs that General Erich Ludendorff had personally ordered him to have Hitler join the Nazi Party and build it up. As far as it is known, his last rank was major. In 1933, he fled to France after the Nazis rose to power. Mayr was tracked down by the Gestapo, arrested, imprisoned, and later murdered at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp in 1945

Wilhelm August Patin (* June 25th 1879 in Wuerzburg , † 1945-1949) was a German theologian and SS officer. Ein . A cousin of his was later Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler.  1939 Patin finally moved to Berlin , where he held the rank of top government and Council as SS Sturmbannführer speaker for Catholicism in the Reich Security Main Office was. Seinen höchsten SS-Rang erreichte er mit der Beförderung zum SS-Obersturmbannführer am 1. His highest SS rank he reached with promotion to SS Lieutenant Colonel on 1 September 1939. September 1939.
*Martin Bormann’s girl.  During the Nazi dictatorship, Gisela Uhlen appeared several times on NAZI propaganda films. d. 2007
  •  http://www.thestar.com/opinion/editorialopinion/article/1170160–swedish-film-recalls-rescue-of-thousands-of-inmates-from-nazi-concentration-camps
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-18120890

    nazi’s kids. Disturbing read.

  • evidence of Wannsee Conference
    • SS-Obersturmbannführer Bernhard Dietsche (1945)survived the war and died in Kaiserslautern on the 28 January 1975.

    •  SS-Standartenführer Lothar Debes (1942 – 1943) d. 1960
    • Hermann Kellenbenz (Born August 28 , 1913 in Süßen, district of Göppingen26 November 1990) was an internationally renowned German historian and most recently Professor of history, economic and social history at the University of Erlangen Nuremberg.

      Karl Alexander von Müller (Born December 20 , 1882 in Munich; died 13 December 1964 in Rottach-Egern) was a German historian. His immediate students were National Socialist politician and academics such as Baldur von Schirach’s Deputy, Rudolf Heß, Hermann Göring, Walter Frank, William Gray, Wilfried Euler, Clemens August Hoberg, Hermann Kellenbenz, Karl Richard Ganzer, Ernst Hanfstaengl and Klaus Schickert.[1] But due to his political openness also differently aligned historians like Karl Bosl, Alois Hundhammer, Heinz Gollwitzerstudied[2] and even Wolfgang Hallgarten[3] Mueller.

      Among his many Ehrenämtern, including honorary membership in the “German Institute for history of the new Germany” his student was Walter Frank, (suicide, 1945) in which he nominally assumed the “Jewish question Research Department”.

      Mariano San Nicolò (Born 20 August 1887 in Rovereto, TrentinoMay 15 , 1955 in Munich) was a German Italian historian. He was President of the Bavarian Academy of Sciencesfrom 1944-1945, 1952-1953, he was Rector of the University of Munich.

      Dr Hans-Joachim Becker (* November 19 1909 in Kassel ;? †) was the head of the central clearinghouse for the T4 in the Third Reich and office manager of the Nazi killing center Hartheim .

      Frederick Tillman (* August 6 1903 in Mulheim on the Rhine , † February 12 1964 in Cologne ), was in the Nazi Reich Director of Welfare orphanage care of Cologne and from 1940 to 1942 and director of the office department of the implementation of the “euthanasia Action T4 “Agents central office-T4 .
      Hermann Schwenninger, couldn’t find more details. Nazi grey ambulances.
      ————–
    •  ———————–
      austrian bank, creditanstalt de.wikipedia
    • The Creditanstalt played an important role also in the “aryanization” of Sascha-film. They took over the politically harried company to an unrealistically low value at that time 1,000 schillings and handed over the shares as a result of the National Socialist Friedrich von Treuhand.On the other hand, it came to acts of resistance in high and highest positions of the CA group. As the Director-General of Semperitwerke, Franz Josef Messner OSS had to pay his cooperation with the US secret service with his life, but also Josef Joham reported codenamed 680 at the latest since September 1943 to the Americans and remained undetected. de.wikipedia creditanstalt
    •  Under the rule of Nazi Germany, the Bank served as “KZ Bank”. Bank relations with at least 13 concentration camps were maintained evidence of which the Bank regularly received death lists from the concentration camp of Auschwitz – and calculated extortionate fees for money transfers from relatives of inmates, which is from the archives of the German bank.
    • With the “connection” to the German Empire, the Bank was again fundamentally transformed.Also the 118-jährige connection Bank to the House of Rothschild ended with the arrest of Louis Nathaniel Rothschild 1938 and whose subsequent forced emigration. The numerous Jewish employees of the Bank were eliminated within a short time, the majority stake in the Bank and went first to a holding company of Germany and then at the Deutsche Bank. in 1939, the Bank was renamed in Creditanstalt-Bankverein. Leading force on the Board remained Josef Joham, the 1918 lost role of CA in the countries of South-Eastern Europe wanted to restore ABS which under the benevolent patronage of Hermann Josef Abs and tried to keep the industrial group of the Bank before taking something from the “old Reich” as possible intact.

    • Josef Joham (Born February 21 1889 in Bad Kleinkirchheim, Carinthia, died April 7 , 1959 in Vienna) was a powerful, sometimes controversial banking expert and long-time Director of the largest Austrian Bank Creditanstalt-Bankverein.

    Hans Severus Ziegler (born October 13, 1893 in Eisenach; d. 1 May 1978 in Bayreuth) was a German journalist, Publisher, Director, teacher and NAZI official. Never punished. (source: de.wikipedia)

  • Hans Moser (* 20. November 1907; † 20. oder 21. Jahrhundert) was a German SS leader and head of the Office in the SS economic and administrative main office (WVHA). Used as a witness, this higher-up in the SS administration was never prosecuted.  Mid-September 1943 he became Deputy Head of Office in the WVHA, under August Frank that the Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei affiliated was. From September 1944, Moser was then as senior as Amtschef for special use in the WVHA. In the first quarter of the year 1945, he represented the head of Office of Gerhard Maurer in the leadership of the Office of D group II (“labour input of prisoners”) of WVHA.

     Werner Conze  born December 11, 1910 in Amt Neuhaus, died April 1986 in Heidelberg) was a German historian in Nazi Germany and in post-World War II Germany. He was a member of the Schieder commission.
  • Theodor Schieder (11 April 1908 — 8 October 1984) was one of the most influential German historians of the 20th century He was the author of the “Memorandum of 7 October 1939”, calling for expulsion of millions of Jews, Poles, Russians and other nationalities from Eastern Europe in order to create “room” for German settlers.
  • Walter Kuhn (27 September 1903-5 August 1983), was a Nazi party member[1] and Ostforschung researcher interested in linguistics and German minorities outside Germany, particularly in the area of Ukraine.
  • World at war, genocide *(Holocaust)

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2000/apr/02/theobserver1 portugal & nazi gold

Ernst Telschow (* 31. Oktober 1889 in Berlin; † 22. April 1988 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Chemiker und Generalsekretär der Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft und später der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft. KWI funded research into ‘genetics, racial science, and anthropology.’ Was he ever accused of war crimes?
Alfred Bernhard Julius Ernst Wünnenberg (born July 20, 1891 in Saarburg/Lorraine; d. 30 December 1963 in Krefeld, Germany) was a German and Nazi Germany last SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS and police. source: de.wikipedia
On 10 June 1943, he was replaced and moved with effect from 1 June 1943 as commanding general to the IV SS Panzer Corps. On 31 August 1943, he became Chief of head of the Ordnungspolizei successor of Kurt Daluege. In this office he held until end of the war. Wünnenberg was in the last days of the war, after Heinrich Himmler  fell into disgrace, he was appointed Chief of the German police. After the war, Wünnenberg was interned in Dachau in 1946, year; was released however the following again. He died on 30 December 1963 in Krefeld, Germany.
——-Laszlo Csatary, Slovak, is alleged to have played a key role in the deportation of 15,700 Jews to Auschwitz. Hungary, 97 years old.
     Helmut Oberlander, Jacob Fast, Jura Skomatczuk (SKOMATCHZUK) under investigation.      WORLD WAR TWO RELATED CASES IN CANADA Ongoing WASYL ODYNSKY & VLADIMIR KATRIUK
Criminal History:
 Odynsky served as a guard in an auxiliary unit at the Trawniki and Poniatowa labour camps, the former of which was a training centre for Ukrainian guards who were enlisted as auxiliaries to SS killing units o Katriuk had been a volunteer member of Ukrainian battalion 118 in Byelorussia (now Belarus) under the control of the Waffen SS, whose unit was implicated in numerous atrocities including the deaths of thousands of Jews in Belarus between 1941 and 1944. source: Simon Wiesenthal Center.
 —————–
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichsverteidigungskommissar

Rudolf Jordan (* 21. Juni 1902 in Großenlüder; † 27. Oktober 1988 in München)

End 1950 – after four years in prison in the Soviet occupation zone – Jordan was sentenced to 25 years labour camps in the USSR. After the visit of Chancellor Konrad Adenauer in Moscow many German prisoners of war and forced deportees could return again to Germany, including Jordan, who was dismissed on 13 October 1955. In the following years, he earned his money as a representative and most recently worked as a clerk at an aircraft manufacturer

Achim Gercke (August 3, 1902 – October 27, 1997) was a German politician.

Born in Greifswald, Gercke became a department head of the NSDAP in Munich on January 1, 1932. In April 1933, he was appointed to the Ministry of the Interior, where he served as an expert on racial matters.[1] In that year in a speech to a general audience, he stated that beside the task of maintaining one’s own blood as pure, there was the task of “extinction”, which would obey the great law of Nature to eliminate the bad and so be truly humane.[1]

Gercke devised the system of “racial prophylaxis”, forbidding the intermarriage between Jews and Aryans. As a student, he had attempted to develop a card index listing all Jews in Germany. His articles outlined Nazi public thinking on what to do about the Jews at the beginning of the Third Reich, which includes expelling them all from Germany. It notes that the just-issued Nuremburg Laws restricting Jews were provisional measures that indicated the direction future measures would take. He argued for a Jew being any person with one-sixteenth Jewish blood.[2]

When Gauleiter Rudolf Jordan claimed Reinhard Heydrich wasn’t Aryan, it was Gercke who investigated the issue and concluded that Heydrich was a pure Aryan. Gercke later served as an official in the post-war government of Adenauer. source: wikipedia bio.

And this snippet: After the Second World War he worked as an archive folder in the archives of the National Church Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover, and as a registrar in Adensen. He also worked as a genealogist and writer of nonfiction books about local history and beekeeping. [11]

source: de.wikipedia, google trans

Erich Wasmannsdorff, his asst.
Kurt Mayer, d. 1945
Die Reichsstelle für Sippenforschung
More names added to https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2011/09/10/more-nazis-euthanasia/
Info on Serbian collaboration, https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2010/12/20/yugoslavia-holocaust-part-2/
Many entries are from de.wikipedia, translated into English.
I’m sorry for the poor quality of the Google translations.
————
Friedrich Mennecke, d. 1947
the physician responsible for Operation T4,
Vernichtung unwerten Lebens [destruction of those unworthy of living].early February 1940 took part in Berlin conference on Euthanasia*Mennecke’s own institution Eichberg was intended Hadamar as interim
authority for the 70 km away, in which the patients were moved first
to conceal the true purpose of the services. Between January and
August 1941, these 784 patients of the Eichberg and more 1.487 sick
from the local intermediate Institute were moved to Hadamar and killed
there. [7] According to own Mennecke has observed once the death of
the sick in the gas chamber of Hadamar, through a small window.
source: wikipedia, mennecke, friedrich

1935: Received license to practice medicine; applied for a job at the
Hessische Landesheilanstalt [Hessian State Mental Hospital] in
Eichberg (Rheingau)
1937: Became Kreisamtsleiter [head of Rheingau district office] of
NSDAP racial policy office
1938: Became Oberarzt [assistant medical director], de facto director
of the institution and, formally after 1939, director of the Hessian
State Mental Hospital in Eichberg; became Ortsgruppenleiter [local
Nazi party group leader]. Only five years after his state licensing
exams, Mennecke now headed an institution with approximately 1,000
patients.
August 1939: Medical officer on the western front; commissioned by ***
IG Farben to conduct genetic research and experiments ***
February]  1940, Berlin: Attended meeting in the Reichskanzlei
[Chancellery of the Führer], where he learned that “unproductive”
psychiatric patients were to be systematically killed. Mennecke served
as a medical expert, visiting psychiatric institutions and registering
and selecting victims for the gas chamber. He inspected patients to
determine their fates.
1941: Promoted to medical specialist. Mennecke boasted to colleagues
that he was a member of physician panels that evaluated patient
registration forms to be sent to Berlin. He reported that he
witnessed, through a window, a gassing at Hadamar.
Spring 1941: Mennecke was assigned to the 14 f 13 operation,
“prisoners’ euthanasia,” where Polish, Jewish, Gypsy, and political
prisoners, as well as so-called Arbeitsscheue [“the work-shy”] and
criminals, were selected for killing. Mennecke began his work in
Sachsenhausen, Dachau, Ravensbrück, and Buchenwald concentration
camps. This followed the mass murder of the mentally and physically
disabled. His written “diagnoses” are among the most heinous texts
ever written by a German physician..· Mennecke considered using
electric shock therapy to kill patients. However, he became embroiled
in a dispute with *[name needed] his boss, a Nazi party official. As
punishment, he was demoted from his position of Ortsgruppenleiter, was
again drafted, and was then sent to a military hospital in Metz in
1943. He was briefly transferred to the eastern front, where, due to
panic attacks, he was diagnosed with “Basedowian illness” and sent to
a military hospital himself. He applied for positions at various
gassing institutions, but then learned that he had tuberculosis.

Summer 1945: Allied war crimes investigations and interrogations
1946: Indictment and trial; Mennecke claimed he had opposed “euthanasia.”
December 21, 1946: Sentenced to death
January 27, 1947: His wife visited him in prison; he was found dead in
his jail cell the next day.
Mennecke died before the appeals court heard the case. If his letters
had not been saved, he would probably – like so many of his colleagues
– have presented himself as a rescuer or a resistance fighter. But his
correspondence reveals his innermost thoughts as a “typical” citizen,
who apparently as a matter of course, and without inner struggle or
hesitation, became a mass murderer.

http://learning-from-history.de/International/Posting/8684

==========
Lithuanians ‘ role during the Holocaust.
In February 1939, Stasys Lozoraitis Sr. was appointed as minister plenipotentiary to Italy. After the Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union in June 1940, Lozoraitis became the leader of all Lithuanian diplomatic service that remained abroad.[1] As the highest de jure official of independent Lithuania, he represented Lithuania, advocated for non-recognition of the Soviet occupation, and populiarized the Lithuanian cause.[2] Lozoraitis continued to live in Rome and head the diplomatic service until his death on December 24, 1983. [He is not implicated in the crimes committed, but certainly he must have informed the Vatican about the Holocaust.

The decision by Lithuania’s president, Valdas Adamkus, in 2009, to make a high posthumous award, the Order of the Cross of Vytis (Grand Cross), to Juozas Ambrazevičius-Brazaitis (1903-1974), prime minister and minister of education. Certainly this makes him a real collaborator.

Algirdas Jonas Klimaitis (1923 in Kaunas[1] — 1988 in Germany) was a Lithuanian para-military commander.  Implicated in the Holocaust. Why wasn’t this Lithuanian nazi prosecuted?

——-

Curt Sonnenschein (born March 7 1894 in Mainz, † 1986) was a German physician.

After completing his medical degree sunshine on the specialized medical hygiene. In 1932 he became associate professor at the Hamburg Tropical Institute. On 11 November 1933, he signed the “commitment of the professors at German universities and colleges to Adolf Hitler and the nazis state.” In 1936 he became head of the Bacteriological-Serological Department and was elected to the board of the German Society of Tropical Medicine (DTG). He also was a member of the Institute for Racial Hygiene. In 1942 he was appointed Professor of Hygiene and Bacteriology of the German University of Prague, which had been declared by the Nazis in front of university.

Sonnenschein took on with particular zeal in the racial cleansing of the DTG, as evidenced by recent studies.

In 1948 he was professor at the University of Wuerzburg and director of the National College for medical-technical assistants.

—-

Dr William Hagen (October 26, 1893 in Augsburg, † 29 March 1982 in Bonn)

In this role, Hagen was Determined in separate medical care for tuberculosis patients Poles and Germans, but sat unsuccessfully for a Significantly better treatment of the Poles. [7] He wrote to the Reich Health Leader Leonardo Conti, etc. in a Letter Which He denounced the inconsistency of policies in the General Government, as others the denial of adequate medical care from Poland and “full use of their workforce” would contradict each other. [8] He also denounced the violence and atrocities against Poland and asked to be released as a medical officer from his post [6] turned Finally, Hagen in December 1942, even writing to Adolf Hitler:

“When a government meeting on TB control, we were told by the head of the Department of Population and Welfare Weirauch as Top Secret, be it intentional or was being considered, in the resettlement of 200 000 Poles in the east of the General Government for the purpose of settling German armed farmers with one-third of Poland – moved to 70 000 old people and children under 10 years as with the Jews, that is to kill them. “

William Hagen in a letter dated 7th December 1942, Adolf Hitler.

————
He was removed from this post by:
General Heinrich Teitge, d 1970. Dept of health.
After the war, wrote as a defense witness Teitge in June 1946 for the defendant Hermann Pook a written statement in the process of Economic and Administrative Main Office of the SS (USA vs. Oswald Pohl et al.) To the position and activity of SS doctors.  As of 1950, Teitge was senior physician at Lutheran Hospital  Melle, and from 1955 to 1960 as Head of Director of the Paracelsus Clinic in Marlborough.
———-

Ernst Meyer (born February 9, 1908 in Olsztyn, † 1972 in Munich) was a German insurance lawyer.

Willy Suchanek (November 11, 1905; † unknown) was a German SS officer and police officer.

Paul Baumert, Himmler’s adjutant, died 1961. Never prosecuted.

Werner Grothmann (born August 23, 1915 in Frankfurt am Main, † 2002) was a German SS officer and chief adjutant of Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler.  May 1945 in British captivity. [4] During the Nuremberg trials Grothmann was 1946-1948 questioned several times as a witness. [5] After leaving the Allied internment Grothmann was in March 1949 denazified in a denazification trial in Freising as lesser offenders.  He was tried by a military court in Hamburg and sentenced to 16 years in prison, but only managed to make some months being released as not guilty.

Grothmann and in freedom, rebuilt his life as a businessman and granted a few interviews in the 70′s, where he described Himmler as a character with a cowardly nature. Grothmann died at age 87, on February 26, 2002.

Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach (13 August 1907 — 30 July 1967), often referred to as Alfried Krupp,[1] was a convicted war criminal, an industrialist, a competitor in Olympic yacht races and a member of the Krupp family, which has been prominent in Germany since the early 19th century.
3 years for employing slave labor at Auschwitz ; pardoned.

Latvia:

Voldemārs Veiss, (November 7, 1899 – April 17, 1944) was a Lieutenant Colonel in the Latvian Army and a prominent Nazi collaborator, Standartenführer (Colonel) in the German Waffen-SS.

When Riga, the capital of Latvia fell to the Germans on July 1, 1941, the Germans began forming self defence and police forces. Lieutenant Colonel Voldemārs Veiss was appointed the commander of such a Self Defence organization. Veiss broadcast a radio call for volunteers to enlist and rid Latvia of “traitors”, including Soviet functionaries, communists and Jews. Many enlisted, and the “cleansing” started.

Gustav Celmins , * April 1st 1899 in Riga , † April 10 1968 in San Antonio ) was a Latvian politician, leader of the nationalist organization, cross fire , and the fascist organization Donner Cross , as well as winner of the Order of Bear Hunter .

Some early thunder cross-members stayed true to their anti-German stance and supported resistance groups against the German occupiers. Several others collaborated with the Germans. Together with the former units Aissargen, Latvian police and the army, they formed “Home Guards” for the Nazis to terrorize the population on their behalf and track down Jews and Soviet sympathizers, arrest and murder. 1941 called for the Nazi thugs converted Gustav Celmins on to a “security force”, led by the Chief of Police of Riga , Victor Arajs to join. Alone in its first week, the notorious militia burned, which was later known as the “Arajs commando,” in Riga synagogue down along with their occupants and murdered over 2,000 Jews and Communists

Dr Oskar Gros, d. 1947

Dr Behrend Behrens, (1895–1969)

*On 8 February 1940, Berlin. Drs met to receive orders on Euthanasia, ordered by Hitler.
—————————————————————————————————————–

A few more forgotten nazis:

Heinrich Carl ; Fritz Freitag; Wolf Dietrich Heike; __Binz; Hans Roemer, Felix Dahn, Johannes Wirth, Fritz Goehler, Berchtolsheim (d . 1961); crimes in Baltic states.

Dr Emil Ketterer advocated as a doctor specifically the “euthanasia” program of the National Socialists. For his part in the putsch, he was awarded with the “blood order”. d 1957.

Dr Kurt Albrecht , b. 1894

Julius Wagner-Jauregg (until 1919 Julius Wagner Ritter von Jauregg] March 7, 1857 Wels, Upper Austria — September 27, 1940 Vienna) was an Austrian physician,[2] Nobel Laureate, and Nazi supporter.

Erich Wulff (* 02.08.1910, KIA 03.02.1945),
Bruno Kittel (not the pilot) Fate unknown.

Franz Murer (1917–1995),[1] also known as the “Butcher from Vilnius”, was an Austrian SS officer, who set up, organized, and ruled Vilna Ghetto.[2] ACQUITTED!

Georg Ahlemann: From 1940 Georg Ahlemann lived on good rest at home Oppen creek in the county Graetz (Wartheland). In 1945 he fled to West Germany. Ahlemann must have died before 1962.

On 19 September 1944 the liquidation of the Klooga concentration camp, in close proximity to the division’s training camp started. Approximately 2,500 prisoners from the Vaivara camp complex had been brought there in the course of the evacuation. The training and replacement units of the division based at Klooga under the command of Sturmbannführer Georg Ahlemann provided guards for the perimeters.

source: Toomas Hiio (2006). “Combat in Estonia in 1944″. In Toomas Hiio, Meelis Maripuu, & Indrek Paavle. Estonia 1940–1945: Reports of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity. Tallinn. pp. 1035–1094.

source: Harald Riipalu (1951) (in Estonian). Kui võideldi kodupinna eest (When Home Ground Was Fought For). London: Eesti Hääl.

more https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/ravensbrueck-buna-auschwitz/

A conference held in the Seimas (Lithuanian parliament ) last June to mark the 70th anniversary of the German invasion. The conference’s main purpose was to glorify the Lithuanian Activist Front, a political group that collaborated with the Nazis in the hope of reestablishing Lithuanian independence, and that openly called for violence against the Jews. This incitement was a factor in the widespread attacks on Jews in 46 Lithuanian communities

The fourth event involved former Lithuanian foreign minister Vygaudas Usackas, currently the EU Special Representative to Afghanistan, who wrote a Wall Street Journal op-ed in which he characterized the Nazi occupation of his homeland during the years 1941-1945 as “a few years’ respite from the communists.”

In view of the fact that 96.4 percent of the 220,000 Lithuanian Jews who lived there under the German occupation were murdered (along with thousands more Jews deported there from Western and Central Europe

In Zagreb and Split, Croatia, memorial masses were conducted on December 28 to honor Ante Pavelic, its World War II head of state, who bears responsibility for the mass murder of hundreds-of-thousands of Serbs, 30,000 Jews and several thousand Roma. Pavelic, who was installed by the Germans, created one of the most lethal and brutal regimes in Axis-dominated Europe.

From Estonia, on December 27, it was reported that the country’s defense ministry planned to submit a bill to parliament that would recognize Estonians who served in the 20th Waffen-SS Grenadier Division, which fought alongside German troops as “freedom fighters” for the country’s independence – despite the fact that Nazi Germany had no intention of granting Estonia freedom. While the Waffen-SS division did not participate in Holocaust crimes (by the time it was established the Jews of Estonia had already been murdered ), its members included men who had previously been involved in killing Jews and Gypsies.  source for these posts: Simon Wiesenthal Center report 2011*

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/K­arl_Bonhoeffer
resister : Bonhoeffer provided according to some historians of the period of National Socialism Resistance to the “euthanasia” program, the killing of psychiatric T4 patients as part of the action when he made contact with the then leaders and opponents of the T4-action, for example, Friedrich von Bodelschwingh, but was disappointed in the one letter on Bonhoeffer’s … [anyway it says it’s disputed, in German]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F­ile:Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-0883­3-0003,_Berlin,_Humboldt-Unive­rsitaet,_Chemie-Institut,_­Ruine.jpg

END. Thank you for reading!

Of historical value

02/02/2012

Hitler’s Secretary, Martin Bormann, was invariably the advocate of extremely harsh, radical measures when it came to the treatment of Jews, of the conquered eastern peoples or prisoners of war. He signed the decree of 9 October 1942 prescribing that “the permanent elimination of the Jews from the territories of Greater Germany can no longer be carried out by emigration but by the use of ruthless force in the special camps of the East.” source: Wiki.

  • A further decree, signed by Bormann on 1 July 1943, gave Adolf Eichmann absolute powers over Jews, who now came under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Gestapo. wiki.
  • The original German content of the Bormann-Vermerke was not published until 1980 by historian Werner Jochmann.[11] However Jochmann’s edition is not complete, as it lacks the 100 entries made by Picker between 12 March and 1 September 1942.[12]
    ——-
  • Tischgespräche is Hitler’s Table Talk.

    between 12 March and 1 September 1942.[12] Albert Speer, who was the Minister of Armaments and War Production for Nazi Germany, confirmed the authenticity of Henry Picker’s “Table Talk” in his 1976 memoirs.

    http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=9924…

    Hitler’s Table talk, ed. by Bormann and other nazis. The book has been authenticated…

    Given Hitler ordered that the RSHA keep him informed of the activities of the Einsatzgruppen, in August 1941, and given the timing of so many of Himmler’s visits to the East and subsequent meetings with Hitler, it is to be taken as read that Hitler was informed of much more than the abstract details. These ‘Monologues in the Führer’s headquarters”, home records, cover the period from July 1941 until November 1944.

    • Reinhard Heydrich, Chief of the security police and the SD, and personally arrived in Minsk in April 1942 and opened the local CDR, SS – Obersturmbannführer Eduard Strauch, and some of his officers, that now also the German and other European Jews should be destroyed. At the same time, he announced the resumption of the end of November 1941  transports  of Jews from the West to Minsk. Heydrich ordered them to kill the prisoners after their arrival.

      de.wiki, Maly Trostenez

  • Andreas Hilgruber, German historian, noted that “2.2 million Soviet Jews,” had been killed, far more than other historians had thought.

At the Nuremberg Trials, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, the Reich Commissioner for the Netherlands, testified that he had called Bormann to confirm an order to deport the Dutch Jews to Auschwitz, and further testified that Bormann passed along Hitler’s orders for the extermination of Jews during the Holocaust. A telephone conversation between Bormann and Himmler, who was his main antagonist in the struggle for power within the Nazi elite, was overheard by telephone operators during which Himmler reported to Bormann the extermination of 40,000 Jews in Poland. Himmler was sharply rebuked for using the word “exterminated” rather than the codeword “resettled,” and Bormann ordered the apologetic Himmler never again to report on this by phone but through SS couriers. source: Bormann page

Fuehrerbunker:

Erna Flegel . German nurse, Fuehrer bunker. Died 2006.

Ernst-Guenther_Schenck. d. 1998, herbology

Helmut_Kunz, Dentist. d. 1976

Liselotte Chervinska, RN, Fuehrerbunker Reichs Chancellery hospital

Erna Flegel, Liselotte Chervinska, Elisabeth Lyndhurst and Rut (surname not known), who were given the ‘Kriegsvendienst [sic: Kriegsverdienst] Kreuz 2nd Class’, that had been presented by Hitler’s aide-de-camp Günsche in the hospital before the audience with Hitler.

erklärten sich jedoch nur Johanna Wolf und Christa Schroeder dazu bereit, Traudl Junge, Gerda Christian (d. 1997) , Hitlers Diätköchin Constanze Manziarly, Bormanns Sekretärin Else Krüger und Eva Braun blieben.

Constanze Manziarly (* 14. April 1920 in Innsbruck; † vermutlich 2. Mai 1945 in Berlin)

Helene von Exner, his dietician.

Julius Schaub (* 20. August 1898 in München; † 27. Dezember 1967 ebenda) war der langjährige persönliche Chefadjutant Adolf Hitlers.

Arthur Kannenberg (* 23. Februar 1896 in Berlin-Charlottenburg; † 26. Januar 1963 in Düsseldorf) war Hausintendant Adolf Hitlers.

Christa Schroeder (* 19. März 1908 in Hannoversch Münden als Emilie Christine Schroeder; † 28. Juni 1984 in München)

Johanna Wolf (* 1. Juni 1900 in München; † 5. Juni 1985 ebenda)

Gerda Christian, née Daranowski (born December 13, 1913 in Berlin; died April 14, 1997 in Düsseldorf) was one of the four secretaries of Adolf Hitler between 1937 and 1945 in addition to Traudl Junge and Johanna Wolf and Christa Schroeder.

Wilhelm Brückner (* 11. Dezember 1884 in Baden-Baden; † 20. August 1954 in Herbsdorf) war ein deutscher Offizier, Nationalsozialist und langjähriger Chefadjutant von Adolf Hitler.

major Eckhard Christian air force who served as the aide-de-camp to the Chief of the OKW in the Führer’s headquarters. no deutsche wiki bio.

————

Ferdinand Schörner (12 June 1892 – 2 July 1973).Schörner was a convinced Nazi and became infamous for his brutality, by the end of World War II he was Hitler`s favourite commander. Emprisoned 1951 until 1963. The last German field Marshall. Nicknamed, Blutiger Ferdinand (Bloody Ferdinand).

————-

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hitler’s_Table_Talk

http://en-maktoob.news.yahoo.com/hitlers-food-taster-says-woman-142213665.html
According to stenographic transcripts translated by Hugh Trevor-Roper of conversations between Hitler and his inner circle which took place between July 1941 and November 1944, Hitler regarded himself as a vegetarian. These conversations were gathered together under the title Hitler’s Table Talk. Written notes taken at the time were transcribed and then were edited by Martin Bormann.[8] According to these transcripts dated November 11, 1941, Hitler said, “One may regret living at a period when it’s impossible to form an idea of the shape the world of the future will assume. But there’s one thing I can predict to eaters of meat: the world of the future will be vegetarian.”
Heinrich Heim (15 June 1900, Munich – 26 June 1988, Munich) was a lawyer and NSDAP Ministerialrat who transcribed and co-published with Werner Jochmann transcripts of Adolf Hitler’s informal talks, known colloquially as Hitler’s Table Talk. Heim’s version of the table talk was published in 1980 under the title Adolf Hitler Monologe im Führerhauptquartier 1941-1944.[1] Heim’s edition relied upon the original German notes, recorded by Heim from 5 July 1941 to mid March 1942, and August-September 1942.[2][3] According to German historian Clemens Vollnhals, from a “source-critical point of view, the most reliable version of the Table Talk remains Werner Jochmann’s edition of 1980.”[4]
Heinrich Heim was born in Munich, Bavaria from a distinguished family of lawyers. His father was a judge at the Bavarian Supreme Court, and a member of the Bavarian Court. Raised in Zweibrücken, Germany, Heim studied law at the University of Munich. After graduation Heim was hired by a law firm, where he worked with lawyer Hans Frank, who would later became a high-ranking official in Nazi Germany. Heim primarily represented the interests of a relief fund headed by Martin Bormann. From 1939 to 1943 Heim worked as an aid to Bormann, which later lead to his notable work recording Hitler’s informal conversations.

I was Hitler’s food taster, says woman

By Indo Asian News Service | IANS – Sun, Feb 10, 2013

London, Feb 10 (IANS) Margot Woelk, now a 95-year-old woman, says she was the “food taster” of Adolf Hitler for more than two years, and had to taste the dictator’s food to ensure it was not poisoned.
Woelk ate fresh fruit and vegetables including asparagus, peppers and peas, and was one of a dozen women Hitler used to protect himself at his Eastern front headquarters, also known as the “Wolf’s Lair”, the Daily Mail reported.
She was taken there in 1942 when evacuated from Berlin to Gross Partsch — Parcz in modern-day Poland.
attempt on Hitler’s life by Claus von Stauffenberg in July 1944.
She was then confined to a school building.
When Hitler abandoned the lair in November 1944, an officer helped the woman escape to Berlin.
Woelk said she believes the other tasters were shot by the advancing Russians.
In 1946, she was reunited with her husband who she had presumed dead. The couple lived together until he died in 1990, the daily said.
———
Anni Winter was the housekeeper of Hitler’s apartment at Prinzregentenplatz 16
in Munich. She was taken into custody at the end of the war by the American
military and interviewed. They also interviewed other workers, some of whom
indicated that Mrs. Winter was not too popular, apparently because she was
rather authoritarian with the other workers.
—————-

Henry Picker (6 February 1912, Wilhelmshaven – 2 May 1988) was a lawyer, stenographer and author who co-transcribed and first published transcripts of Adolf Hitler’s informal talks, known colloquially as the Table Talk.

All editions and translations are based on the two original German notebooks, one by Henry Picker, and another based on a more complete notebook by Martin Bormann (which is often called the Bormann-Vermerke, or “Bormann Notes”). Henry Picker was the first to publish the Table Talk, doing so in 1951 in the original German.[1] This was followed by the French translation in 1952 by François Genoud, a Swiss financier.[2] The English edition came in 1953, which was translated by R. H. Stevens and Norman Cameron and published under the editorial hand of historian Hugh Trevor-Roper.[3] Both the French and English translations were based on the Bormann-Vermerke manuscript, while Picker’s volume was based on his original notes, as well as the notes he directly acquired from Heinrich Heim spanning from 5 July 1941 to March 1942.[10] The original German content of the Bormann-Vermerke was not published until 1980 by historian Werner Jochmann.[11] However Jochmann’s edition is not complete, as it lacks the 100 entries made by Picker between 12 March and 1 September 1942.[12]

The Table Talk indicates Hitler continued to wish for a united Christian Church of Germany for some time after 1937, in line with his earlier policy of uniting all the churches to bring them more firmly under Nazi control, so they would support Nazi policy and act as a unifying rather than divisive force in Germany, that had largely proven unsuccessful.[24][25] By 1940, however, it was public knowledge that Hitler had abandoned even the syncretist idea of a positive Christianity.[26] Instead, after 1938 Hitler began to publicly support a Nazified version of science, particularly social Darwinism, at the core of Nazi ideology in place of a religious one[27] – a development that is reflected in private in his increasingly hostile remarks towards religion in Table Talk.[28] Richard Steigmann-Gall suggests that Hitler’s criticism of Christianity in the Table Talk, if reliable, reflects a newly formed anticlerical attitude which began in 1937. He argues that this change might have emerged as a result of Hitler’s frustration over his failure to unify all German Protestant churches.[29]

“It is true that Wagner believed that western society was doomed because of
miscegenation between superior and inferior races. He formed this opinion after
reading Arthur de Gobineau’s An Essay on the Inequality of the Human
Races,
and this is reflected in the opera Parsifal. In any case, the
parallels between Wagner’s ideas and philosophy closely resemble Hitler’s, even
to the religious concepts that that Old Testament had nothing to do with the New
Testament, and that the God of Israel was not the same God as the father of
Jesus, and that the Ten Commandments lacked the mercy and love of Christian
teachings. He insisted that Jesus was of Greek origin rather than Jewish. This
was the opinion of Alfred Rosenberg, the main NS philosopher, and Hitler himself
held this opinion. There is no question at all that Hitler was ardently enamored
with Richard Wagner.” http://www.germaniainternational.com/hitler18.html

Heinz Lorenz (7 August 1913 – 23 November 1985) was German dictator Adolf Hitler‘s Deputy Chief Press Secretary during World War II. Entrusted with the Last Testament of Adolf Hitler.

Wilhelm Zander d 1974. Also entrusted with it.

In early 1945, he accompanied Bormann and German leader Adolf Hitler to the Führerbunker in Berlin. On 29 April 1945, during the Battle of Berlin, Hitler dictated his last will and political testament. Three messengers were assigned to take the will and political testament out of the besieged city of Berlin to ensure their presence for posterity. The first messenger was deputy press attaché, Heinz Lorenz. The second messenager was Willy Johannmeyer, Hitler’s army adjutant, and third was Zander. The three men left that day. Bormann had instructed Zander to carry the documents to Karl Doenitz.[3]

By 30 April, with the Soviet Army less than 500 metres from the bunker complex, Hitler committed suicide.[4] Zander made it through the Soviet Army encirclement of Berlin to the west.[5] After the war ended, it was subsequently discovered that he had adopted the surname Paustin and worked as a gardener.[6] He was captured under this name in the American occupation zone and as a consequence the copies of Hitler’s will and testament went into the hands of the American and British forces. Thereafter, by January 1946, the texts of the documents had been published in the American and British press.[7]

Willy Johannmeyer, d. 1970, entrusted with the Last Testament of Adolf Hitler.

END

Nov 2012 on nazis

02/02/2012

resistance to Nazis: Carl Lutz (born in Walzenhausen, Switzerland on 30 March 1895; died in Berne, Switzerland on 12 February 1975) was the Swiss Vice-Consul in Budapest, Hungary from 1942 until the end of World War II. He helped save tens of thousands of Jews from deportation to Nazi Extermination camps during the Holocaust. He is credited with saving over 62,000 Jews.[1] In 1964, he was awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.

Pius XI, is never mentioned as a candidate for Sainthood. Yet it is this Pope more than any other that many believe came closest to dramatically changing the course of WWII. Achille Ratti took the name Pius XI in 1922, when he was elected Pope, the same year Benito Mussolini marched on Rome.

But his misfortune was presiding over the church during the advent of the ‘age of the dictators,’ Mussolini and Hitler. In the early years, Pius XI, despite his misgivings, sought accommodation with them fearing confrontation would weaken the church. So in 1929, he signed a Concordat with fascist Italy which protected the independence of the Vatican, but lessened his ability to confront Mussolini’s aggression.

He also allowed his Secretary of State, Cardinal Pacelli (the future Pius XII), to sign a Concordat with Hitler in 1933, hoping to preserve Catholic institutions in Germany. But the moral cost was high. He did not protest when the Germans passed the first antisemitic laws in 1933 excluding non-Aryans from public office, or when they passed the infamous Nuremberg Laws in 1935.

But Pius XI soon became very troubled by his deal with the ‘devil’ and the more he observed their inhumanity and deceit, the more determined he was to confront them. In his 1937 Encyclical “Mit Brennender Sorge (With Burning Anxiety),” he lambasted those who worshiped the superiority of race. A year later, when the Austrian Cardinal Innitzer welcomed Hitler’s takeover of Austria, Pius XI summoned him to the Vatican and forced him to issue a humiliating public retraction.

But the apex of his resistance came when he ignored his own inner circle of advisors and instructed an American Jesuit priest visiting the Vatican, Father John Lafarge, to write an encyclical condemning racism and antisemitism. The pope had read Lafarge’s book on the racial injustice done to American ‘Negroes’ and knew instinctively that Lafarge was the right man for the job. He told the startled priest to write the encyclical as if he were the Pope. Lafarge and two colleagues worked feverishly outside of Paris to prepare the document they called, “Humani Generis Unitas (The Unity of the Human Race).”

On September 20, 1938, Father Lafarge handed in the completed document to Wladimir Ledochowski, the Father Superior of the Jesuits in Rome.
Although the document retained elements of Catholic teachings – that the Jews’ rejection of Christ caused them “to perpetually wander over the face of the Earth,” it also condemned anti-Semitism in language never before uttered by a Pope and never acknowledged by the church for twenty centuries. “…Millions of persons are deprived of the most elementary rights, denied legal protection against violence and robbery, exposed to every insult and public degradation, innocent persons are treated as criminals, even those who in time of war fought bravely for their country are treated as traitors…. This flagrant denial of human rights sends many thousands of helpless persons out over the face of the earth without any resources….”

Coincidentally, on the day Lafarge handed in the Encyclical, Pius XI, speaking to a group of Christian pilgrims, said, “…Abraham is our patriarch and forefather. Anti-Semitism is incompatible with that lofty thought…. It is a movement with which we Christians can have nothing to do…. No, no, I say to you…. It is impossible for a Christian to take part in anti-Semitism. It is inadmissible…. Spiritually, we are all Semites.”

Tragically, Father Lafarge’s document was too shocking for some conservative prelates in Rome. They delayed sending it on to the ailing Pope who kept asking for it but never saw it until it was too late. With Lafarge’s Encyclical on his desk, Pius XI died on February 10, 1939, before he could sign it. The new Pope, Pius XII, refused to issue it.

Mysteriously, the document soon disappeared and not another word was heard about it until the National Catholic Reporter broke the story some
43 years later.

What would have happened if the encyclical had been signed? Many believe that it would so have divided Germany’s 45 million Catholics that it would have delayed or prevented Hitler’s plans of launching WWII.

Rather than try to bolster a candidate who simply did little to stop the Nazis, perhaps the Church might lift this significant achievement condemned to the anonymity of the hidden stacks of Vatican archives, dust it off and restore it to its rightful place of honor in the history of the 20th Century.

Rabbi Marvin Hier is the Founder and Dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center.

Books on Holocaust denial:

Guttenplan, David. (History on trial?)

—–

In ruling against the controversial historian David Irving, whose libel suit against the American historian Deborah Lipstadt was tried in April 2000, the High Court in London labeled Irving a falsifier of history. No objective historian, declared the judge, would manipulate the documentary record in the way that Irving did. Richard J. Evans, a Cambridge historian and the chief adviser for the defense, uses this famous trial as a lens for exploring a range of difficult questions about the nature of the historian’s enterprise.

Richard Evans, “Lying about History, the Holocaust, and the David Irving Trial.”

http://www.amazon.com/Denying-Holocaust-Growing-Assault-Memory/dp/0452272742/ref=pd_sim_b_4

http://www.amazon.com/Sources-Holocaust-Documents-History-Hochstadt/dp/0333963458/ref=pd_rhf_dp_s_cp_46

Deborah Lipstadt, Denying the Holocaust, the growing assault on Memory.

Sources of the Holocaust (Documents in History)

by Steve Hochstadt

http://www.amazon.com/Denying-History-Holocaust-Happened-Foundation/dp/0520234693/ref=sip_rech_dp_10

Denying History: Who Says the Holocaust Never Happened and Why DoThey Say It? (S. Mark Taper Foundation Imprint in Jewish Studies)

Michæl Shermer (Author), Alex Grobman (Author), Arthur Hertzberg (Foreword

to quote: Nazi physician Wilhelm Hoettel,  who testified at Nuremberg that: “In the various concentration camps approximately four million Jews had been killed, while about two million were killed in other ways.” source: Hoettl, Wilhelm, wikipedia.

———-

About this sound Richard Böch (help·info) was an SS-Rottenführer of the Waffen-SS during World War II. In 1944, Böch was stationed at the Auschwitz Concentration Camp, specifically to the guard battalion. His duties performed were mostly perimeter defense and manning watchtowers, thus his direct contact with prisoners was limited.

Witness to Gassing

Böch became internationally known when he provided testimony of an actual gassing using Zyklon-B, which was then recorded and published on The World at War documentary series. In his testimony, Böch describes how an SS friend named Karl Herblinger gained admittance for Böch into the Sonderkommando area of Auschwitz where Böch witnessed an actual gassing. Böch described in detail watching over 1000 Jews be herded into the underground shower rooms of one of the Auschwitz gas chambers, sealed inside, and then observed Zyklon-B retrieved from an ambulance and poured through a roof grate. Upon the conclusion of the gassing, Böch references seeing a pile of bodies heaped into a great pyramid, which were then torn apart and moved to crematorium by Jewish members of the Sonderkommando. Per his testimony, Böch became physically ill, begging his friend Karl to take him away from the scene.

Validity of Claims

Böch’s testimony, while graphic and detailed, has raised some speculation as to whether or not Böch actually witnessed the gassing himself or related a story told by someone else. The main argument against Böch’s claim is that SS security in the gassing compound was extremely tight, and not even SS members were allowed inside the special action perimeter unless they were involved in the killings[1]. Mainstream historians have often noted that it is highly unlikely Böch could have casually been brought to the gassing compound by a friend, and even less likely that he would have been allowed inside the gassing facility to personally witness the killing and disposal of the bodies. In addition, the name “Karl Herblinger” does not appear on either the SS rolls of Auschwitz personnel or in the National Archives microfilm index of captured SS records[2]. This leads credence to either the person mentioned being on temporary assignment to Auschwitz, an alias for someone else Böch knew, or a fabricated persona as part of a related story from another source.

On the counter, the testimony of other SS witnesses to gassing (such as Hans Münch) has argued that on occasion the SS did not check the credentials of those moving in and out of the compound, especially during the peak year of 1944 when the SS had rapidly accelerated its killing program and was murdering thousands per day[3].

Post War

After World War II, Richard Böch was cleared of crimes against humanity and in fact commended for helping Jewish prisoners survive Auschwitz. In the 1970s, he was made an honorary Auschwitz survivor as recognized by Jews and other survivors of the camp.

In December 2006, Iran‘s decision to organise a Holocaust Denial conference prompted one of those involved in producing the episode to write to The Guardian newspaper with some background information:

The news that Iran is to go ahead with a conference that will supposedly investigate whether the Holocaust actually happened…is deeply shocking. Thirty years ago when I was working on the Holocaust episode of the ITV series The World At War, my colleagues and I deliberately decided not to stop when we had gathered the first-hand witness evidence we needed for making the programme, but to gather more and put it together to be kept for posterity for use against the day when people or states claiming intellectual respectability might try to claim that the Holocaust did not happen. Sadly, it seems that day may now have arrived. We did not only collect the evidence of those who were victims in Hitler’s Final Solution, but from people who held senior positions in its planning, administration and execution. All this material is stored in the Imperial War Museum, is available and will, I hope, now be used to show that those who would now deny the Holocaust happened are wrong…
Michael Darlow
Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts

Höttl was born in Vienna in March 1915. In 1938, at the age of only 23, he received a doctorate in history from the University of Vienna. While still a student there, he joined the Nazi Party (member 6309616) and the SS (no. 309510). From 1939 until the end of the war in Europe, Höttl was employed almost without interruption by Germany’s central intelligence and security agency, the RSHA. The RSHA was made up of seven main departments, including: the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) or Security Service; the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo) or Security Police, composed of the Gestapo (Secret State Police) and the Kriminalpolizei (Kripo) or Criminal Police.[1]

Höttl was first stationed in Vienna with the SD foreign bureau and then moved to Berlin where he was promoted to the SS rank of Sturmbannführer (Major). In 1944 Höttl became the Ausland-SD’s Acting Head of Intelligence and Counter Espionage in Central and South-East Europe. In March he was assigned to Budapest, where he served as second in command to Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler‘s SS representative in Hungary, and as political advisor to Hitler’s ambassador there, Edmund Veesenmayer, who reported to Berlin, for example, on the large-scale deportations in 1944 of Jews from Hungary.

After the war, Höttl figured prominently as a prosecution witness at the Nuremberg Trials. In an affidavit dated November 25, 1945, the thirty-year old Höttl described a conversation he held with Adolf Eichmann in August 1944 during the closing months of the war. The meeting of the two men took place at Höttl’s office in Budapest:

“Approximately 4,000,000 Jews had been killed in the various concentration camps, while an additional 2,000,000 met death in other ways, the major part of whom were shot by operational squads of the Security Police during the campaign against Russia.” [2]

=

another nazi who escaped any real Justice:

Edmund Veesenmayer joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1925. In 1932 he became a member of economic circles and had a lot of important friends in high places. At the beginning of 1941 he was attached to the German diplomatic staff in Zagreb (Croatia). He played an important role in the persecution and murder of Croatian and Serbian Jewry. On March 19, 1944 he became Reich plenipotentiary in Hungary after the German occupation.

War crimes trial

In the Ministries Trial in 1949 received the sentence of 20 years’ imprisonment, which was reduced to 10 years in 1951. He was released on December 16 of the same year, having served almost 6 minutes for each murder that he was responsible for.

Later life

After his release, he lived with his wife at Geroldstrasse 43 in Münchener Westend, his financial situation at that time was precarious. Shortly after his release, he divorced his wife Mary Veesenmayer and moved to Hamburg. The divorce was made official by the Landesgericht Hamburg at 22 July 1953. They didn’t have any children. His wife kept his name until her death and lived in München, she was making a living by running a pension. Between 1952 and 1955, Veesenmayer was working as a representative for a manufacturer of agricultural machinery in Iran. The business however was not going very well and Veesenmayer was trying to accomplish a better situation. At the end of his life, he lived in Darmstadt at the Rosenhöhweg 25. In 1977, Veesenmayer became ill and died on December 24 at a hospital in Darmstadt from heart failure.

Shortly before the German invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941 Veesenmayer was sent to Zagreb to force the Croatian independence. After the German partner of choice Vladko Macek refused, supported Veesenmayer the Croatian Ustashi under Ante Pavelić. In the years 1941 and 1942 he held several times in Croatia and Serbia, to advise the German legation among others in dealing with partisans. He vehemently demanded the deportation of Serbian Jews. In 1943, he tried unsuccessfully to persuade Jozef Tiso to resume deportations of Jews in Slovakia.

In 1943 Veesenmayer was in spring and autumn in Hungary, to explore the political situation. He warned Ribbentrop and Hitler in front of a swing out of Hungary from the front of the Axis powers and advised to intervene. Before the German intervention in Hungary, he was of Hitler on 19 March 1944 to the Messenger, First Class, for “the official of the Greater German Reich” in Hungary and the SS brigade commander appointed. [4] 15 In a telegram dated April 1944 Ribbentrop told the head of the Reich Chancellery, Hans Heinrich Lammers, on 9 Occurred April 1944, a conversation between Hitler, Ribbentrop and Veesenmayer treatment on the structure of the economic affairs in Hungary had. [5]

On 2 Veesenmayer June 1944 concluded with the Hungarian Finance Minister Lajos Remeny Schneller d. 1946 from a payment agreement between Hungary and the German Empire. This stipulates that the 19th Reichskreditkasse Budapest for services of “joint warfare” from the March for the months of May, June and July 1944, respectively 200 000 000 Pengö be paid. It was no provision made for this “Hungarian war fund” should be paid back by the German Reich. [6]

In a telegram dated 13 June 1944, he reported to the Foreign Office: “transporting Jews from Carpathian region and Transylvania … with a total of 289,357 Jews in 92 trains of 45 cars finished” [7] On 15. June 1944 announced Veesenmayer Ribbentrop in a telegram that to this day some 340 000 Jews had been delivered to the Reich. He continued to provide forecasts that are doubled without traffic disruption, the number of deportations of Jews to the end of July 1944. He also announced that after final settlement of the Jewish question, the number of 900 000 Jews deported would be achieved. [8]

He also oversaw the Hungarian governments (Döme Sztójay, Géza Lakatos, Ferenc Szálasi, Gábor Vajna) and Admiral Miklós Horthy. Veesenmayer subordinate in his role as ambassador to Hungary to the Foreign Office. About his actions on the deportation of the Hungarian Jews, he reported, but mainly the head of the RSHA, Ernst Kaltenbrunner [9] The Independent Commission of Historians – Foreign Office says in its research report on work Veesenmayer. Joined “As with any other representative of the Foreign Office in Veesenmayer inhuman ideology and icy pragmatism. “[10]

In March 1945 he left Hungary and stood in the middle of May in Salzburg U.S. troops. At the Nuremberg Wilhelmstraßen process (case 11) was Veesenmayer judgment of 11 April 1949 for crimes against humanity, slavery and membership in a criminal organization, to 20 years in prison. With pardon of 31 January 1951 began, the U.S. High Commissioner John McCloy down numerous penalties, including the imprisonment of Veesenmayer to 10 years. In December 1951 he was pardoned and released from prison for war criminals in Landsberg. [11]

In 1953, the British sent intelligence that Veesenmayer relations Naumann circle had taken, a far-right organization led by former State Secretary Werner Naumann, [12] was the FDP infiltrate Nazi. Then Veesenmayer served as General Manager for Germany of Roubaix in northern France based company Pennel & Flipo. Until his death in 1977 he lived in Darmstadt. source: deutsche wikipedia, trans. by Google.

book:

Auschwitz Report (2006) is a non-fiction report on the Auschwitz extermination camp by Primo Levi and Leonardo de Benedetti.

Whilst in a Soviet holding camp in Katowice in 1945, Levi and de Benedetti were asked by the Soviet authorities to document the living conditions in Auschwitz. De Benedetti was on Levi’s transport from Fossoli, near Modena, Italy. Both were left behind when the camp was evacuated and so their time at Auschwitz coincided exactly. De Benedetti was a medical doctor, though he only acted as a doctor in the final weeks of his time at the camp. His survival was truly amazing given that he was in his 40’s when he arrived, as normally those over the age of 30 were sent directly to the gas chambers on arrival.

Much of the report describes the facilities for treating the sick. Treatments were rudimentary, medicine was in short supply and the skill of the nurses was minimal. Normal practices of hygiene were ignored. Cross-contamination and infection were widespread. The hospital was only set up a few months prior to Levi’s arrival; there had previously been no medical treatment at all. Sick inmates worked until they collapsed, at which point they were beaten; if they moved they were sent back to work and if not they were sent to the crematoria.

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http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2006/oct/08/historybooks.features1

review:

For all this, Auschwitz Report provides an important corrective to the accepted view of Auschwitz. It is surprising to discover how many medical facilities were available to the inmates. Buna-Monowitz, unlike the main camp in Auschwitz-Birkenau, was not an extermination camp. The internees slaved for IG Farben, manufacturing synthetic rubber. The hospital wing was relatively extensive. Some drugs were available, even if they were scarce. There was an otorhinology and ophthamology clinic. Many of the severe depredations could not be treated and disease was rife, but it appears that the Germans made some effort to rehabilitate the wounded and ill, even if only to maximise their working potential.

Auschwitz Report is a small but significant addition to Holocaust documentation; it is a shame that its publishers could not emulate the high standard of rigorous testimony that Levi embodied throughout his life. source: wikipedia

Henryk Slawik a Polish diplomat also rescued several hundred Jews in Polish centres, schools and orphanages, and he deserves to be mentioned. After the Hungarian government issued racial decrees and separated Polish refugees of Jewish descent, Slawik started to issue false documents confirming their Polish origins and belonging to the Roman Catholic faith.
He was martyred , executed in Mauthausen, Austria by the Nazis.
——
On 17 April 1943, the Regent of Hungary, Admiral Horthy visited Hitler at Klessheim Castle to discuss the terms on which Hungary would remain in the war.

Horthy when reproached with his policy towards the Jews retorted that having deprived the Jews of nearly every means of getting a living, he could not “beat them to death”.

At this Joachim von Ribbentrop declared that they must either be killed off or sent to concentration camps. Thereupon Hitler delivered a monologue, recorded in the minutes of his interpreter Dr Paul Otto Schmidt.

“In Poland, this state of affairs had been fundamentally cleared up. If the Jews did not want to work, they were shot. If they could not work, they had to be treated like tuberculosis bacilli, with which a healthy body may become infected.

This was not cruel, if one remembers that even innocent creatures of nature, such as hares and deer, which are infected have to be killed so that no harm is caused by them.

Why should the beasts who wanted to bring us Bolshevism be spared more? Nations who did not rid themselves of Jews perished. One of the most famous examples is the downfall of that people who were once so proud, the Persians, who today lead a pitiful existence as Armenians.” [sic]

These minutes which are indisputably genuine contain Hitler’s only recorded outright admission of the massacres in Poland. It should be noticed that even in this bald statement, shooting is specified and that Hitler made no allusions to the death camps, unless the comparison to tuberculosis bacilli is to be regarded as an oblique reference to Zyklon B, which was used to kill vermin.

On 15 May 1944 when the main deportations began Baky reported that 320,000 were concentrated in the camps and ghettos east of the River Theiss. At Munkacs where 30,000 Jews were herded into a camp and a few miserable streets there was already a typhus epidemic.

some 380,000 Jews were deported by 30 June 1944…
Oberfuhrer Hans Ulrich Geschke declard dead 1945?
Otto Winckelmann, d. 1977
Max Juttner of the “Leadership Office” of the SS
Rolf Gunther
Bandi Grosz, a Jew involved in Hungarian intrigues.. .wrote a memoir on the topic.
Gabor Vajna, the new Minister of the Interior, was executed.
Admiral Horthy died in Portugal. It is claimed on this site that he didn’t approve of the deportations, but nor did he do much to stop them until it was too late, July 7, 1944.
============================================
NEW:
Bayer sponsored Nazi SS Dr. Research on prisoners.
source: Bayer, wikipedia.org.
—-
The Nazi Doctors, Lipton.Pharmacists, selections performed by, 174, 176, 197
· pharmacological testing 291
http://www.holocaust-history.org/lifton/LiftonT174.shtmlIn practice, that was never carried out — because it was impossible. One . . . selected only according to categories.” But the doctor was still central, Dr. B. emphasized: “He stood there and led the thing.”

the same time there was constant pressure from above toward maximum involvement in selections, particularly from the spring of 1944 when dentists and pharmacists were also ordered to take their turns on the ramp. One of those dentists later testified that his plea to Wirths that  .. p. 197

Eduard Wirths, as chief doctor, was the Auschwitz sponsor and facilitator of most of these experiments, particularly those in which there was interest from Berlin at a higher level. An example here is the continuous experimental activity of SS Captain Dr. Helmuth Vetter, a key figure in pharmacological “trials” in Auschwitz and elsewhere. He was employed for many years with Bayer Group WII of the I. G. Farben Industry, Inc., Leverkusen, and, at Auschwitz, retained his connections. He ran medical trials for Bayer in Auschwitz and Mauthausen (and possibly in other camps) on several therapeutic agents, including sulfa medications and other preparations whose content is not exactly known.*

Horst Fischer (1912–1966), nazi dr.

Carl-Ludwig Lautenschläger was arrested by the U.S. military government in 1946, and one year later he was charged with enslavement and mass murder in the I.G. Farben Trial at Nuremberg, but was acquitted in 1948; though the court was convinced that the pharmaceutical department had conveyed to the SS medications to be tested on prisoners, no individual guilt on Lautenschläger’s part could be proven a . After that, he was employed as a research associate at Bayer Elberfeld, where Ulrich Haberland helped many former I.G. Farben colleagues find new jobs. Carl-Ludwig Lautenschläger retired in 1952. He died in Karlsruhe on December 6, 1962. source: Wollheim.memorial.de

Hans Kühne, d. 1969.
1923 three years later ordinary member of the Board of I.G..Farben. Member of the Working Committee of the Board of Directors and member of the Technical Committee and the chemicals Committee Hans Kühne, Deputy Board member of Bayer. in 1933, he took over the management of the factory in Leverkusen. in 1938, he received chaired of Committee of Southeast of the chemistry industry group. In addition, he held supervisory and management board positions in various companies, southern and Eastern Europe.[1]

Early 1945 Kühne was retired. in 1947 he was from the US military arrested and accused in the Nuremberg trial against i.g. Farben, but acquitted. He received an appointment at Bayer Elberfeld, where Ulrich HABERLAND many former I.G.. Farbem colleagues helped to new activities. Hans Kühne died in Lindau on February 18, 1969.

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Dr Hans Delmotte, suicide. Nazi Dr.

Karl Knapp, Dr. med.  (23.3.1913-?) [SS-Sturmbannfuehrer] — NSDAP: 2034178; SS: 226015; service, concentration camp (Konzentrationslager – KL) Sachsenhausen 1936-1938; service, KL Mauthausen 1938-1939; service, KL Oranienburg 1939; service, SS 3rd Division “Totenkopf” 1940-1942; service, SS 1st Infantry Brigade 1942-1944 (The Camp Men p. 129).

http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=9564

Hans Wilhelm König (* 13 May 1912 in Stuttgart , † unknown) was a German SS Lieutenant leader and as a camp doctor in the concentration camps Auschwitz and Neuengamme used. Named by Eva Moses Kor as assisting Mengele in selections to the gas chambers.

the scientific Senate of the army medical service

Kurt Erich Willy Uhlenbroock (born March 2, 1908 in Rostock; † 7 August 1992 in Hamburg) was a German SS-Sturmbannführer and briefly an SS doctor at Auschwitz concentration camp.

On November 29, 1960, Uhlenbroock received parole, and his prosecution was discontinued because of lack of evidence and lack witnesses. On September 4, 1964, Uhlenbroock testified as a witness in the Frankfurt Auschwitz trial.[5]

Josef Kapfhammer (* 3. April 1888 in Nürnberg; † 27. März 1968 in Freiburg im Breisgau) war ein deutscher Apotheker, Chemiker, Mediziner, Ernährungsphysiologe und Hochschullehrer.

Kapfhammer, 1937 Member of the NSDAP, took part in the meeting on medical questions in distress and winter death on 26 and 27 October 1942, was where speaks about the “hypothermia experiments” in the Dachau concentration camp.[2]in 1944, he lost all opportunities and valuable work logs due to the destruction of his Institute. So he turned to special teaching and devoted himself to the rebuilding of the German Red Cross and founded the Red Cross blood donation center Baden-Baden.
After the end of the second world war, K.c joined the Denazification Committee of the medical faculty of the University of Freiburg.[2] The Corps Palatia Strasbourg awarded him in 1952, as well as in 1951 his brother Volker, the band.[3]in 1956 he became emeritus.

Georg Norin; Nazi Pharmacist, Auschitz. 31.08.1909.4 142 648. SS-Sturmbannführer-promotion on 09.11.1943, SS-Sturmbannführer d.R. Waffen-SS–promotion on 09.11.1943 r. Nazi
(He may appear on another page as well.) Died 1967 in Weil am Rhein, Germany.
dr Horst Thilo suicide in prison. (May be on another page).
To understand the corporate culture that motivates  chemical corporations to conduct poisonous chemical experiments on human beings,  it is instructive to examine the historic record of one of the industry’s  giants. Bayer’s history reveals a long and infamous record of human rights  violations, including slave labor and inhumane human experimentation.[20] [21] In 1948, the International War Crimes  Tribunal at Nuremberg found thirteen Bayer executives guilty of war crimes,  slavery, and crimes against humanity. The American Chemical Association notes  that all IG Farben pharmaceuticals were marketed under the Bayer trademark.[22] Throughout the Nazi  era, Bayer was the control center for IG Farben human experiments. Bayer’s  products – including drugs, pesticides, and nerve gases – were tested on  helpless death camp inmates.14

Holocaust survivor sues Bayer AG:

On February 17, 1999, a lawsuit was filed in U.S.  District on behalf of Eva Mozes Kor, one of 180 surviving twin children (out of  1,500) who had been subjected to medical experiments at Auschwitz. The suit  charged Bayer, of collaborating with Dr. Josef Mengele (the “Angel of Death”) to  commit medical atrocities for profit.[23]  The suit claimed that Auschwitz inmates were injected with toxic chemicals and  germs provided by Bayer “to intentionally make them sick in order to test the  effectiveness of its experimental medicines.”23 And the suit  claimed that Bayer officials personally monitored and supervised some of the  experiments. According to Irwin B. Levin, one of several lawyers who handled the  class action suit for the plaintiffs, Bayer paid Nazi officials to gain access  to those confined in the death camps and collaborated in Nazi experiments as a  form of “research and development.”

On June 11, 1999, ABC News 20/20 reported that new  documents not available to the tribunal at Nuremberg directly link Bayer to the  Nazi experiments. The documents are chilling evidence of the culture of  utilitarian ethics in which human beings had been reduced to commodities and  referred to as “test objects” A letter in which Bayer sales director,  Wilhelm Mann, praised Mengele’s experiments and promised to discuss financing  from the company:14 “I  have enclosed the first check,” Mann wrote. “Dr. Mengele’s experiments  should, as we both agreed, be pursued. Heil Hitler!”23 ABC reported that “Bayer says  there’s no evidence any money was actually sent.” ABC’s Brian Ross reported that  a longtime Bayer employee, Dr. Helmut Vetter was involved in testing Bayer  experimental vaccines and medicines on Auschwitz inmates. He was later executed  for giving inmates fatal injections. Levin stated: “Bayer actually performed  some of those atrocities.” He went on to say, “this case represents the worst  example of individual and corporate evil that the legal system may ever see.”[24]
2o. Coalition against BAYER-Dangers (CBG). Watchdog organization that publishes  information about global abuses by Bayer AG. Covers human rights and  environmental violations. http://www.cbgnetwork.org/home/Newsletter_KCB/newsletter_kcb.html

[21]  Germany:Farben to Create Slave Labor Fund, Associated Press Aug 23, 2000: http://www.corpwatch.org/news/PND.jsp?articleid=600

[23] ABC  News.20/20 Headaches for Bayer, June 11, 1999. http://abcnews.go.com/onair/2020/2020_990611bayer.html (ABC News summarizing a  recent lawsuit filed by Holocaust survivors against Bayer for alleged abuses in  concentration camps);

[24] The case  against Bayer and other German corporations was settled out of court as part of  a comprehensive settlement in which Holocaust victims were awarded reparations  from Swiss banks and corporations, including Bayer.

Diarmuid Jeffreys, Hell’s Cartel: IG Farben and the Making of Hitler’s War Machine, Bloomsbury, 2009
Due to his role in Degesch, which included regular scrutinising of the company accounts, Wilhelm Rudolf Mann was privy to information regarding the vast quantities of Zyklon-B that the company supplied to the Schutzstaffel. He thus was also aware that the consumption rate at Auschwitz was ten times that which was needed for delousing. …but he claimed that he never considered any connection between this fact and the Holocaust before later still arguing that he had barely paid any attention to the company accounts in the first place. He personally agreed that IG Farben would finance the research work of Josef Mengele at Auschwitz…
Wilhelm Rudolf Mann, d. 1992. Barely served any punishment for crimes of Bayer in association with the Waffen SS Hygiene (Medical) unit.

END

IKL: Inspector of Concentration Camps; More nazi criminals

02/02/2012
The release of this criminal is particularly galling:
Hans Stark (June 14, 1921, Darmstadt — March 29, 1991, Darmstadt) was an SS-Untersturmführer and head of the admissions detail at Auschwitz-II Birkenau of Auschwitz concentration camp.Imprisoned in 1965, released free from 1968 to 1991.

 

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aktion_Brandt

The Action Brandt was a Nazi program, which served from about 1943 to the creation of beds for hospitals and alternate hospitals. For this purpose, patient of the hospital and nursing homes have been relocated or killed. The agent named after the medical and healthcare Karl Brandt action was the successor of the Action T4.

need info:
SS-Hauptsturmführer Rudolf Eagles. aide, Monowitz. Rudolf Adler?
administrative leader of SS-Hauptsturmführer Engelbrecht von Bonin
Horst Bender. Leiter Hauptabteilung III (SS-Richter) in der Stabsführung des HA Persönlicher
Stab des Reichsführers-SS H. Himmler.
1.4.42 – 8.5.1945. Survived the war.
Hermann Pook (* 1 May1901 in Berlin , † 1983[1] ) was a German SS-Obersturmbannführer (1942) and as a senior manager of the dentist Dentists in concentration camps .
After his arrest, Pook was during the Nuremberg Trials in Process Economic and Administrative Main Office of the SS November 1947 by an American military court sentenced to ten years imprisonment. 1. He was pardoned and on 1 Februar 1951from the Landsberg prison for war criminals released. [3] Pook then practiced as a dentist in Hemmingstedt . [4] Frankfurt Auschwitz trial criminal case against Mulka and Others “, he was interrogated as a witness, his testimony on 19 November 1964 verlesen. [5] November 1964 was read.
Walter Stier, railway official responsible in the “Office 33” of the Directorate-General for the Eastern Railway (Gedob) for the Jewish deportations in “Resettlement trains” (SS term)
Hermann Richter (Arzt) (1915–??), österreichischer Mediziner und SS-Obersturmbannführer.
Franz Grassler, a Nazi administrator who liaised with Jewish leaders . No info.
October 7, 1944 uprising when members of the 12th sonder-kommando succeeded in  blowing up two of the four crematoria at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. We learn at the  end of the film that the ovens were never replaced and the significance of this  accomplishment can only be guessed at in terms of how many lives were saved  because the largest of the Nazi death camps had its capacity cut in half. David Olere was a surviving Sonderkommando. “TheGrey Zone.” (amazon)
Finally, for those interested in personal testimony, besides Filip Müller, who  appears in Lanzmann’s Shoah, author of Eyewitness Auschwitz – Three Years in the  Gas Chambers, there is the most recent: nside the Gas Chambers: Eight Months in  the Sonderkommando of Auschwitz by Shlomo Venezia (Wiley & Sons, 2009), The  Holocaust odyssey of Daniel Bennahmias, Sonderkommando Rebecca Camhi Fromer, and  the excellent work of Gideon Greif, We Wept Without Tears: Testimonies of the  Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz, and the rare book, Scrolls of Auschwitz,  containing translations of the testimony buried in bottles and other receptacles  in the crematoria in Auschwitz.
http://www.amazon.com/Inside-Gas-Chambers-Sonderkommando-Auschwitz/dp/0745643841
http://www.amazon.com/Wept-Without-Tears-Testimonies-Sonderkommando/dp/0300106513

The Sonderkommando of Auschwitz-Birkenau consisted primarily of Jewish  prisoners forced by the Germans to facilitate the mass extermination. Though  never involved in the killing itself, they were compelled to be “members of  staff” of the Nazi death-factory. This book, translated for the first time into  English from its original Hebrew, consists of interviews with the very few  surviving men who witnessed at first hand the unparalleled horror of the  Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp. Some of these men had never spoken of their  experiences before. Over a period of years, Gideon Greif interviewed  intensively all Sonderkommando survivors living in Israel. They describe not  only the details of the German-Nazi killing program but also the moral and human  challenges they faced. The book provides direct testimony about the “Final  Solution of the Jewish Problem,” but it is also a unique document on the  boundless cruelty and deceit practiced by the Germans. It documents the  helplessness and powerlessness of the one-and-a-half million people, 90 percent  of them Jews, who were brutally murdered in the gas chambers of  Auschwitz-Birkenau.

http://www.amazon.com/The-Grey-Zone-David-Arquette/dp/B000087EYX
a few more nazis:
Paul Wegener (* 1. Oktober 1908 in Varel; † 5. Mai 1993 in Wächtersbach) war Gauleiter in der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus.
Max Simon (born January 6, 1899 in Breslau; died February 1, 1961 in Lünen) was a German SS-Gruppenführer and Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS during the second world war.[1] He was accused because of his involvement in war crimes in several States and twice, including once in absentia, sentenced to death.
Otto Kumm (born 1 October 1909 in Hamburg – March 23, 2004 in Offenburg) [2] was a German SS-Brigadeführer in the Waffen-SS. As such, he commanded SS units at various theaters of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe in the second world war. 1944-45 he was commander of the 7th SS Volunteer Mountain Division involved in numerous war crimes “Prinz Eugen”.[3] Kumm was one of the founders of the community on reciprocity of the former members of the Waffen-SS e.V. (HIAG).
Dr Ludwig Blies absent on other duties 8.4.63
Oskar Hock (* 31. Januar 1898 in Babenhausen; † 24. Juni 1976 in Leverkusen) war ein deutscher Arzt, SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS sowie der Polizei, Leitender Arzt der Konzentrationslager und Chef des Sanitätswesens der Ordnungspolizei.
Member of the SS and the SS medical service

 End 1958, he had kept himself against new inquiries and as a victim turned out, because his family had been expelled from her home in Berlin, and his books and a piano made him. He had no options as Diffamierter, to exercise his rights after serving what this new investigation would show.[11]
Because he himself promised a less work by the bureaucracy in the SS, he joined the SS in August 1936 (276-Nr. 822). His transfer to the Sanitätsstaffel of the SS-Verfügungstruppe (SSVT) Munich Dachau was already in August 1936.[6] After his transfer came to February 1, 1937, to Berlin to the SS Sanitätsstaffel of the SSVT. At the same time, he became Deputy of Commander of the Sanitätsabteilung the SSVT Friedrich Dermitzel and head of the SS Sanitätsschule. From August 1, 1938, he was a member of the staff of the Sanitätsabteilung of the SSVT of Dermietzel. A month later he was sent to the Sanitätsabteilung of the SSVT in Vienna. There, he worked as a Truppenarzt of SS-Standarte of Vienna with the I. served of the SS-Standarte “Der Führer”.[7] Hock was not satisfied with this transfer and felt at a disadvantage.[
Furthermore, the Reich physician SS Ernst-Robert Grawitz turned up and defended the attitude of Dermietzel compared to Hock. Grawitz burdened even Hock, because he was obviously overwhelmed as head of the Vienna Sanitätsabteilung of there kasernierte SS (Hock was appointed on 1 December to the leader of the Sanitätsstaffel and the SS doctor of SSVT-Vienna). Early October Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler and the Inspector of concentration camps of Theodor Eicke agreed that Hock skull should be used as the head of the SS Division autonomously. Hock, however, turned in a letter of 12 October 1938 on the SS personnel main office. This complaint has been communicated, with the recommendation to dismiss Hock, as troublemakers from the SSVT and the Allgemeine SS what writing learned Hock by Himmler on October 19, 1938, Himmler. Now Hock was penitent to Grawitz and with consent of Himmler was Hock on January 13, 1940 again in the SS recorded and assigned to the staff of the Reich physician SS in Berlin. From January 16 to April 15, 1940, Hock took the position of senior physician of the inspection of the concentration camps at Oranienburg. Then, Werner Kirchert assumed this position, while Hock was transferred to the chief physician in the General Inspectorate of the reinforced SSVT squirrel standards, located also in Oranienburg.[9]
Professor Lendle
The “inspection of the concentration camps” (IKL) was the central administrative and management authority for the Nazi concentration camps. Before the inspection was incorporated into the SS economic and administrative main office as “Office Group D”, he carried the title of “General Inspectorate of the strengthened SS Totenkopf standards”.
IKL
Inspekteur Richard Glücks
Stabsführer und Vertreter: Artur  Liebehenschel
Referent Politische Abt: Heinz Bungeler until  1.7.1940, d. 1943.
Leiter Verwaltung: Franz Kraus
Amt Kassenleiter: Heinrich  Klattenhopf
Unterkunftverwaltung: Georg Bartenschlager
legal director: Hellmuth Kiener Born Munich-16/1/1910
Leitender Arzt der IKL: Dr Werner Kirchert died by 1995.
Apotheker im  HSL: *Georg Norin  31.08.1909.4 142 648. SS-Sturmbannführer-promotion on 09.11.1943, SS-Sturmbannführer d.R. Waffen-SS–promotion on 09.11.1943 r.
Hock:
Hock’s transfer to the health of the Waffen-SS in the command Office of the Waffen-SS (district I) at the SS leadership main office took place on August 15, 1940. Skull he was appointed the Division doctor in the SS Division on February 15, 1941. In this Division, he took part in the German-Soviet war until his dismissal on June 21, 1943. About his experiences in wounds under the conditions of war in the Soviet Union in 1941 and 1942, he wrote a report for the United States Army in 1947. As the doctor Hermann Eckert (born May 5, 1911 in Munich) of II battalion of the 1st Infantry Regiment early 1942 a report about the poor health due to poor diet wrote, Hock supported this position. Therefore, many soldiers died according Hock infections and occurred weaknesses of the circuit. When Himmler learned it, he forbade such reports that would contain truisms.
On June 21, 1943, Hock was recalled and used at the head of the General of the Waffen-SS in the Office Group D in the SS leadership Office. After intercession by Karl Gebhardt he assumed the Office of the Chief of the Ordnungspolizei, General from 1 September 1943 where he led also outside the line III of General in the Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei until April 10, 1944. In January 1944 Hock was ill at an inflammation of the liver, and as a result in jaundice, so the surgeon Friedrich Becker had to represent him. Hock knew it few months of serving in the Sanitätsamt of the Waffen-SS from April, before he SS Army Corps was appointed on August 23, 1944 the Korpsarzt of XIII. From 15 November 1944 until the end of the war in May 1945, he was deployed as a Korpsarzt at the II SS Panzer Corps.
Hock was prosecuted at the Nuremberg trials, nor otherwise before a German court in the post-war period. In the Nuremberg medical trial, he issued exonerating statements for Karl Gebhardt and the head of SS General Karl Genzken. His testimony of February 11, 1947 was documented.[2] During his internment in the US camp in Garmisch he wrote down his experiences in Russia that have been printed in 1947. In a statement of 17 January 1947, claiming to be appointed, against his will to the chief physician of the Ordnungspolizei and he would have been released by his request from this Office. Rather, it is right that his disease of liver resulted in the end of this administration. On May 10, 1948 Hock was sentenced Reichsmark Chamber of the Hiddensen saying court fined 10,000 by the 14, because he had been a member of a criminal organization. However, this punishment was suspended because he was compensated with the three-year rights from 1945 to 1948. After several attempts to repeal this conviction, a Committee on Denazification in Düsseldorf acquitted then in the summer him as discharged category V, have joined the Corps of the political leader of the NAZI regime.
Karl Schulz (born February 7, 1905 in Weitmar; d. February 2, 1989 in bad Berleburg) was a German politician (NSDAP).
From 1938-1944, he was Chief of operations in the Ghetto Litzmannstadt.
Karl Schulz, SS .. a different one, 1902.
In 1939 he volunteered as an SS-Obersturmführer to serve in MAUTHAUSEN and gunskirchen.

As the allies had approached the MAUTHAUSEN, he fled with his mistress, Neugebauer, who worked in the camp as a shorthand typist, in Czechoslovakia on the night of the 2nd on the 3 May 1945. He left behind his family. Schulz exchanged his uniform and was itself new Americans in the name of Karl Müller. Then he settled again in Cologne. Finally, he was in detention for ten years.[2]As Schulz long pre-trial detention is applied and a part of punishment adopted him, he could leave prison as a free man.

Dr. Werner Kirchert (d. by 1995) senior physician of the inspection of the concentration camps at Oranienburg. Mentioned above.

On 1 November 1933, he joined the SS at (Mitgliedsnr. 245,540), for which he was a part-time working as an SS doctor. On 1 May 1937 he joined the NSDAP (Mitgliedsnr. 5020760). From 1 June 1936 Kirchert was used full-time as a camp doctor in the concentration camp Sachsenburg. [1] Kirchert 1937 was camp doctor at Dachau and moved from there in November 1937 as a medical officer to the Buchenwald concentration camp , where he worked until the end of November 1938. Kogon describes him alongside Hans Eisele as one of the worst doctors in the Buchenwald camp. [2] Kirchert from 1 May 1937 represented the first Sanitary unit of the SS Death’s Head units Oberbayern and ran from 1 1937 November the sanitary unit of the SS Death’s Head units Thuringia. On 1 December 1938 he took over a command to the psychiatric clinic of the Berlin Charité . [1] Kirchert 1939, was made ​​a director of the Nazi killing center Grafeneck from. Kirchert’s proposal to head it was his former classmate, Horst Schumann. [3]

After the outbreak of the Second World War he was in October 1939 for the SS Division Totenkopf added, where he the second Medical Company initiated. From 1 April 1940 he was at the Inspectorate of Concentration Camps (ICL) was employed as chief physician and returned in August 1940 back to SS Division Totenkopf, where he served until February 1941. [1] In May 1941, he was the personal assistant of the Chief Medical leader Leonardo Conti. In early January 1943, he was chief physician in the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) and was also deputy head of the Institute of Biology of the National Police Criminal Investigation . [2] In addition Kirchert was from 17 September 1943 as a senior consultant at the Higher SS and Police Leader used (HSSPF) Elbe. Kirchert was from mid-November 1944, with the use of Group H in Bratislava, used as group physician. [1]

After the war Kirchert was interned in labor and detention camps in Eichstätt. [4] Before the jury, the District Court Munich sentenced Kirchert on 11 June 1953 to four and a half years in prison. He later became manager of OWG-Chemie in Kiel . One of the prosecution of Würzburg initiated investigation of him, which was discontinued in 1995 after the death of Kirchert. trans. from German.
Karl Hermann Otto Heider, d. 1960.

1939, Heider resigned from the army in the rank of Lieutenant of the reserve. During the second world war, Heider was Chief of police of Münster from 1940 to 1942. Afterwards, he led the marriage Office in the race and Siedlungshauptamt(RuSHA) and was 1942 and 1945 Deputy of the head of RuSHA. From 1942, Heider became a member of the Volksgerichtshof as lay magistrates.[1]

After the German surrender, he put to a false name and entered Soviet captivity. Until 1950, he pleaded to his identity, and was released in a casting Chamber procedure as “Eberstein”. Then, he ran a restaurant in Aerzen and resumed then his work as an electrical engineer, before he died after a long illness at the age of 65.

Karl Otto Knott (born 5 June 1910 in Gottswalde , d.?) – Nazi criminal, paramedic SS in the concentration camp Stutthof and SS-Unterscharführer .
After training in camps in Oranienburg and Majdanek was sent to the Stutthof concentration camp, where he served in the years 1 942 – 1,944 as a paramedic SS. Jego His main duty was to make the selection and throwing Zyklon B into the gas chambers in which the murdered Jews . In addition, lethal injections to kill the prisoners, and took part in the executions by shooting. He was one of the biggest murderers in the Stutthof camp.

At the end of the war Knott stood before the courts twice West German as charged with crimes committed in Stutthof. In the years 1955 – one thousand nine hundred and fifty-seven sat in the dock with the camp commander Paul Werner Hoppe before the Court in Bochum . 5 January 1957 Knott was sentenced to three years and three months in prison. Another his trial was held in Tübingen in 1964 and sat in the dock also Otto Haupt and Bernard Lüdtke . The defendants were charged with participation in the murder of hundreds of Jews, prisoners of the Soviet and members of the Polish underground. . Knott the only one of the accused was acquitted.

===============================

more nazi criminals.

Bruno Streckenbach

October 10, 1955, in the Federal Republic of Germany without special editions as “Amnestierter” in the context of the recent release of prisoners. Then routes Streckenbach lived again in Hamburg and worked as a clerk and Manager at Ottenser ironworks GmbH. On 30 June 1969, he went into retirement.

A first German investigation was hired in September 1956 by the Hamburg Prosecutor’s Office stating, “also the further investigations have provided no evidence that the accused have under the rule of the Third Reich criminal offences committed, whose persecution still not would be barred”.

A renewed investigation led to an indictment by June 30, 1973, in the routes Streckenbach was accused for the murder of at least a million people. Due to an adjudicating at last instance opinion of the Gerichtsärztlichen service of the NHS in Hamburg, the Hanseatic Higher Regional Court rejected the main proceedings on September 20, 1974. Died 1977.

He united the SD and einsatzgruppen.

more Proof that Hitler ordered the Holocaust:
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=24139
In the summer of 1941, Reichsfuehrer-SS Heinrich Himmler summoned SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Rudolf Hoess, who served in several Nazi concentration camps, to a private conference, when Himmler said that Adolf Hitler had ordered “the final solution of the Jewish question”; and consequently, “whatever Jews we can reach” were to be executed “without exception” throughout the war. Himmler went on to tell Hoess: “We, the SS, must carry out that order. If it is not carried out now, then the Jews will destroy the German people.” Himmler then explained that Hoess was to wait for further instructions from Karl Adolf Eichmann. (Holo Levin 292; Fleming 47)
After Himmler’s experience, SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Dr. Otto Bradfisch, head of Einsatzkommando 8 of Einsatzgruppe B, operating in the Minsk area, asked Reichsfuehrer-SS Heinrich Himmler who was taking the responsibility for the mass extermination of the Jews. Himmler told Bradfisch, “These orders . . . come from Hitler as the supreme Fuehrer of the German government and . . . they [have] the force of law.” Himmler later said the same thing in a speech to Einsatzkommando 8 and some security police. One of Reichsfuehrer-SS Heinrich Himmler’s command staff, Higher SS and Police Judge Horst Bender, also asked Himmler who was responsible for the “final solution” order. According to Bender, “Himmler categorically stated that this measure had been personally ordered by Hitler, out of political and military considerations, and it therefore stood above all jurisdiction, including SS and police jurisdiction.” (Fleming xxiv 51; Fleming 51)
Wilhelm Brake.neungamme
5 years.
Max Kirstein (born November 7, 1890 in Bernburg an der Saale, † unknown, and Max Kierstein written) was a skilled businessman, SS Master Sergeant and camp commander of the concentration camp Schillstraße, a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp in Brunswick.
On 1 May 1937 joined the NSDAP and Kirstein 31 August 1939, in the Waffen SS. He was born on 1 November 1939 SS Sergeant and 1st July 1943 promoted to SS Master Sergeant.Kirstein was from November 1942 until August 1944 in concentration camps commando leader. He was supporting a cellulose factory in Wittenberg and later in Drägerwerk in Hamburg and was because of this experience, after which the sub-camp Schillstraße fifth in Brunswick November 1944 was completed, the local commandant determined.Kirstein was feared for his temper tantrums and turned his brutality especially against Jewish prisoners. He abused Jewish concentration camp inmates (lazy, cheeky, bold) with 3-F or as an inmate Hirsch Hecht reported with 4-F, when he described Jews: “If a Jew eats too much, he is fat and lazy, and finally even cheeky “. [1]He struck during his tantrums on sick Jews, which he did not do to the French, Russian, Latvian and Lithuanian prisoners. [2] In Stock Schillstraße was the food of the Büssing and issued by the attending detainees. This has been changed at the direction of Kirstein, and the food was out of the SS guards. This branched off a large part of the food. According to a salaried chief engineer, Heinrich Kamrad, so much so that the prisoners due to their constitution not been able to work effectively. Over here he had complained to the camp . It stands to reason that the SS men at Schillstraße stole the food, because in another case sent the SS guards of the camp Vechelde demonstrably stole food the prisoners had been sent by their own families. [3] Dortiger camp leader was under the command of Kirstein was Helmut Sebrantke, one of his most loyal followers. The French prisoner Georges Salan, who published the first book about French prisoners at Schillstraße in 1946, [4] estimated Kirstein as the sadists and criminals.Remarkably, the concentration camp Schandelah formed in Schandelah in the district Wohld. Although a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp, the SS personnel was under Max Kirstein, of the region as a base manager acted [5] and was never held accountable for his actions to account.
Orchestra of Janowska death camp
 Scharführer Dosch
Administrator of the estate was of Baltic German SS Unterscharführer Heinrich Eiche. Disappeared after the war.
Maly Trostinec
–Rieder, commandant???
End page.

IKL, more nazis, 2.

02/02/2012
http://timelines.com/photos/1afd92afaf4ff33c5eb58e979e98f7e8
photo of The orchestra.

NEW:

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zentralbauleitung_der_Waffen-SS_und_Polizei_Auschwitz

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/auconstruct.html

http://en.auschwitz.org/m/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=679&Itemid=69

1. Georg Werkmann… ? Nazi architect, Auschwitz Building central office.

Bischoff’s successor on the ground was from 1 November 1943 Werner Jothann .

2. Werner Jothann (* 18 May 1907 [1] in Eldenburg (goods) / Waren (Müritz) , † unknown) was a German civil engineer , of October 1943, the Central Construction Office of the Waffen-SS and Police Auschwitz led.

3. August Schlachter (Born 25 January 1901 in bar lovably District of Biberach– unknown) was a German architect, who worked in several concentration camps as a construction supervisor.

The studied civil engineer Schlachter early April 1933 the NSDAP (membership number. 2.339.579), and eventually also became a member of the SS. [1]

In the rank of a SS under band leader , Schlachter of May 1940 led the SS building Department KL Auschwitz/Upper Silesia, which was responsible for the construction of the main camp August until November 1941. [2] To the plans there made was the conversion of block 11 of designated building, in whose basement were Dunkelzellen and later. [3]

Shortly after Karl Bischoff , the planning of a POW camp, the later concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, was transferred, this created the Central construction management of der Waffen-SS und Polizei Auschwitz O/Sin December 1941. Hans Kammler from the SS-Hauptamt management and economic believed August Schlachter was not up to the larger challenges. [4] Rudolf Höss later as a “good guy” lacks “any generosity” but characterized Saha. [4]

Schlachter was transferred to Natzweiler as construction manager to set up the local concentration camp Natzweiler-Struthof . He worked there until December 1942. [5] Then Schlachter in the Kiev construction inspection worked. In the autumn of 1943, he was named as Chief of the headquarters B-12 from the MITTELBAU Dora . in 1944 he was promoted to the SS-Hauptsturmführer (SS-Nr 128.820)[5] [6] .   Post-war period [Edit]   August Schlachter was after the war considered missing; a Denazification process was not carried out. Saha worked in agriculture and performed until 1954 in Biberach again as an architect.

\
I was reading in Gerald Reitlingers; SS Alibi of a Nation that : Between 10 & 12 June 1942, three trains carrying more than three thousand Czech Jews left Theresienstadt `to the east`. The trains were routed through the transfer stations of Ujasdow & Trawniki in Poland. Not a single Jew survived & and the trains went certainly to one of the extermination camps, probably Malo Trostinec in White Russia.
Babi Yar Sonderkommando, David Budnik, recalls:
“At the end of 1968, my past knocked at my door in the person of a postman. The letter he carried was completely unexpected to me. I was asked to testify to speak in front of the jury in Stuttgart on January 7th, 1969 at 9 o’clock. The charged were Sturmbahnfuhrer SS Gans Sohns, Hauptsturmfuhrer SS Fritz Zietlov, Hauptsturmfuhrer SS Walter Helsfgot and Sturmbahnfuhrer Fritz Kirstein [Friedrich Kirstein]. As it turned out it they were part of the group that designed crematoria in the concentration camps. It was they who financed and organized the cover-up of Babi Yar during the retreat.”
http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=55380
Helfsgott, acquitted.
Kirsten, acquitted.
Sohns, 4 years

Some of those involved in the killings were tried by the British in the Curio Haus in Hamburg in 1946. Trzebinski, Neuengamme commandant Max Pauly, Dreimann, Speck, Jauch and Frahm were convicted and given the death sentence. They were hanged on October 8, 1946.

Two of those directly responsible for the children’s suffering and murder, Kurt Heissmeyer and Arnold Strippel, escaped and remained at large. Strippel had served at other concentration camps before Neuengamme, including Buchenwald. He was recognized on the street in Frankfurt in 1948 by a former Buchenwald prisoner. He was tried for the murders of 21 Jewish inmates committed on November 9, 1939 as retribution for the failed assassination of Adolf Hitler at the Bürgerbräukeller in Munich by Georg Elser. Strippel was tried, convicted and sentenced to 21 life terms by a Frankfurt court in 1949.

In 1964, an investigation into his involvement with the Bullinghauser Damm School murders was begun by the Hamburg prosecutors office. The statute of limitations had run out for manslaughter so he had to be charged with murder. Among the criteria for murder it had to be proven that the accused acted cruelly, insidiously or with motive. In 1967 the prosecutor, Helmut Münzberg, dropped the charges for lack of evidence, stating that Strippel had not acted cruelly as “the children had not been harmed beyond the extinction of their lives”.

He was released from prison in 1969. After his release, he applied for a retrial, and in 1970 his original conviction was overturned and he was retried. At this retrial, he was convicted as being just an accessory to the Buchenwald murders and sentenced to six years’ imprisonment. Because he had already served 20 years in prison, 14 years longer than this sentence, he was compensated with 121,477.92 Deutschmarks.

In 1979, partly as a result of articles written by Günther Schwarberg, Strippels’ case was reopened. He was not reincarcerated, and in 1987 the case was abandoned by the Hamburg prosecutor’s office, owing to Strippel’s frailty.[12] Strippel died on 1 May 1994.

Kurt Heissmeyer returned to his home in Magdeburg in postwar East Germany and started a successful medical practice as a lung and tuberculosis specialist. He was eventually found out in 1959. In 1966, he was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. At his trial he stated, “I did not think that inmates of a camp had full value as human beings.” When asked why he didn’t use guinea pigs he responded, “For me there was no basic difference between human beings and guinea pigs.” He then corrected himself: “Jews and guinea pigs”.[13] Heissmeyer died on 29 August 1967.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bullenhuser_Damm

Karl Kaufmann (October 10, 1900 in Krefeld[1] – December 4, 1969 in Hamburg) was a Nazi Gauleiter in Hamburg—head of the Nazi Party, and government of Hamburg from 1933 until 1945.

Only a few have been tried for war crimes, such as Anneliese Kohlmann, who served as one of only six woman guards at Neugraben. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuengamme_concentration_camp
Hans Klein (born November 18, 1912 in Sacred Wood, † 21 November 1984 in Heidelberg) was a German pathologist and professor.Klein, PhD pathologist, was among Berthold Ostertag senior physician at Berlin Rudolf Virchow Hospital. [1] Together with Ostertag he obduzierte children in the Children’s Ward of the City Mental Hospital for children and adolescents Wiesengrund (Berlin-Wittenau) under the Child of euthanasia were killed. [2] in 1939 he became member of the SS [3] by 1944, Klein was a senior pathologist at the hospital SS Hohenlychen sanatorium, where he had been reassigned from the Virchow Hospital.[1] in January 1945, Klein took Hohenlychen before histological examination of the lymph nodes of 20 Jewish children who are victims of TB tests by the physician Kurt Heissmeyer at Neuengamme were. These kids were on the night of 21st April 1945 on Bullenhuser dam to cover up the crime hanged. [4] Klein collaborated with scientific Hans Nachtsheim.After the war he qualified in 1949 at the Ruprecht-Karls-University of Heidelberg & became a lecturer. From 1961 Klein taught at the University of Heidelberg as a professor, department head in 1965 at the Heidelberg Institute of Legal Medicine and a member of the Science Council. [1] Klein was not prosecuted after the war. trans from German.de.wikipedia, Hans Klein
Krause, Hans (1904-?) [SS-Sturmbannführer] – intelligence officer, Action Group 1b (Einsatzkommando 1b); intelligence officer, 3rd Action Command (Einsatzkommando 3); service, Reich Security Main Office (RSHA); service, German Security Service (Sicherheitsdienst – SD) Krakow {arrested and put on trial 1960 by a West German court at Karlsruhe for war crimes committed Jun-Jul 1941 and Jan 1942-Sept 1943 at Kowno, Dünaburg, Rositten, Kiew (Kiev), Uman, Gut Michalowka (near Kiew), and (Arbeitserziehungslager – AEL) Kiew (Kiev), consisting of the mass shootings and gassings of Latvian, Lithuanian and Russian civilians; acquitted 20 Dec 1961 (JuNSV Verfahren Lfd.Nr.526; LG Karlsruhe 611220 [VI Ks 1/60]; BGH 630528 [1 StR 540/62]; Field Men p. 81).} same as : Kurt Krause???
Harder, Arthur Alexander
judgment of the Federal Court of Justice lifted; a later judgment could not be determined
about 20,000 Jews deported for extermination from Central Europe to Trostinets in 1942; 3,000 so-called banditry suspects, who were killed by gas in ten days in February 1943
The Sonderkommando 1005 blurred under SS-Hauptsturmführer *Arthur Harder ; October and December 15, 1943 the command of the prisoner was gassed then.[11]
Der stellvertretende Lagerkommandant Rieder überwachte die Verbrennungen.
Overall, only a minority of those involved in the killings was sentenced
Maly Trostinec who place, the least known is of all great destruction sites in Poland and the former Soviet Union. Differently than in Auschwitz or Majdanek only a few remains of the camp have been preserved, and there are only a few survivors. It is known no command structure, and an overview is not yet possible. So far has been researched in Western countries only insufficiently.
With increasing opening of the archives of the former Soviet bloc, hopefully even more information on the daylight come so that his true place among the other sites of mass murder can be assigned to the extermination camp of Maly Trostinec.
trials of sonderaction 1005 figures.
Kirsten, Fritz Karl
On November 19, 1943, after the final liquidation of the Janowska camp, a group of the surviving Sonderkommando members revolted. They succeeded in killing a few guards, and a number of their members escaped but were caught.
Friedrich Gramsch (* 23. Oktober 1894 in Braunsberg, Provinz Ostpreußen; † 1. Oktober 1955 in St. Augustin bei Siegburg
From 1933 to 1945, he was in the Prussian State Ministry, most recently as a Director in the Office of the Ombudsman for the four year plan [1], and made for himself there, although he did not belong to the NDSDAP, to the principal consultant of Hermann Göring in questions of internal reform of the Empire.
Gramsch [2] was questioned during the Nuremberg trials. A plan for the plundering of occupied France had been made out by him and was presented in the process [3]. Nothing is known about a detention and about his Denazification.
After 1945 was Garcha from 1947 to 1953 Director of the Landkreistag in Lower Saxony and held the post of the main Manager of the German County Association from 1953 to 1955.
Wilhelm Christian von Grolman (* 16. Juli 1894 in Schweidnitz; † 20. Juni 1985 in München) war ein deutscher Politiker (NSDAP), SS– und SA-Führer sowie Polizeipräsident von Leipzig.
From November 1933 to the end of the NAZI rule in the spring of 1945, Grolman was member of the Nazi Reichstag in which he represented the constituency of 7 (Breslau).Grolman, who reached the rank of major General of the police on January 1, 1942, was appointed police Chief of Leipzig from October 1942 acting from January 1, 1943.[2][3]After the war, he had his residence in Hechendorf am Pilsensee.
Latvia, Ostland, Baltics:
Hugo Wittrock (July 7 jul. / July 19 1873 greg. Laugø in (today Laugu ) on Saaremaa , Estonia province , † 25 August 1958 in Lübeck [1] ) was an insurance specialist , Baltic German politician and acting Lord Mayor of the City of Riga 1941-1944.
responsible for the 2 ghettoes in Riga.
In Rosenberg’s mediation Wittrock was after the invasion of the army in the Baltic States in 1941 as Acting Mayor of Riga (“City Commissioner” or district commissioner appointed by Riga city) and stayed until the withdrawal of the Germans in 1944 in the office. Als solcher unterstand er dem Generalkommissar (für Lettland ) im Reichskommissariat Ostland Otto-Heinrich Drechsler . As such, he was subordinate to the Commissioner-General (for Latvia ) in the Reich Commissariat Ostland Otto-Heinrich Drechsler

Reichsminister
Reichskommissar
Reichskommissariat
Generalkommissare
Gebietskommissare

Militärverwaltung

Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber
SS- und Polizeiführer
Erich Neumann’s (d. 1951) personal assistant, Professor Otto Donnerhad written the text of the unit

In the course of preparations for war against the Soviet Union, Neumann dealt with questions of the agricultural production of the conquered countries. While he believed in a lecture on April 19, 1941, at the Management Academy of Berlin, that due to lack of imports of feed these conquered territories for the surplus production would be more capable and therefore would grant areas. His personal assistant, Professor Otto Donner had written the text of the unit.[1
In the course of preparations for war against the Soviet Union, Neumann dealt with questions of the agricultural production of the conquered countries. While he believed in a lecture on April 19, 1941, at the Management Academy of Berlin, that due to lack of imports of feed these conquered territories for the surplus production would be more capable and therefore would grant areas. His personal assistant, Professor Otto Donner had written the text of the unit.

[10] On May 2, 1941 then also this topic regarding the Soviet Union  was the subject of a meeting by Neumann, Paul Körner and Herbert Backe. Neumann had been at the Wannsee Conference.

Otto Donner d. 1981, Wash. DC. He studied at the Institute for economic research in Berlin from 1925 to 1933. Of 1933 and 1934, Donner studied at the Institute of world economy at the University of Kiel. in 1935, Thunder joined the NS motor Corps. From 1935 to 1937, he worked at the Statistical Office. Donner was a lecturer at the Deutsche Hochschule für Politik in 1937.Otto Donner in the Empire of inspectorates, für das Kreditwesen worked from 1938 to 1939. In the years 1940 to 1943, he was personal assistant to Secretary of State Erich Neumann. From 1940 to 1943, he was Director of the Research Centre for defence economics of the Department four with Hermann Göring, the representative for the four year plan then. «The quarterly plan was an economic and social policy Department at their head a» small Central Office with little more than a hundred places stand. «By the individual Wirtschaftsresorts have been checked and Hermann Göring designs» elimination of defect layers and danger points made the vote of individual works, be. “should be.[1] in 1947, Donner received US citizenship and a professor in Washington.
From 1952 to 1956, Donner was Deputy Managing Director for the Federal Republic of Germany (at first for Yugoslavia) at the IMF. From 1954 to 1968, Donner was the Executive Director for Germany at the World Bank. Otto Donner was also Managing Director of the international development organization in 1960. [2]
—————————
gaswagons
Field Post 32/704 Kyiv, May 16, 1942 secret document of national importance! : SS Obersturmbannführer Rauff:

Bulkhead motor vehicles in groups D and C is finished. … I ordered … to disguise under the machine group D machines for living in, which in small machines ordered to make one small window on each side, and on the larger machines – two little windows like those we often see on the peasants’ houses in the village. These machines have become so famous that they are not only government officials, but also the civilian population called the “gas chambers”, only just emerging from one of these machines. In my opinion, these machines can not cover up and kept secret for any length of time. … . Gassing … often goes wrong. . As soon as possible to complete the procedure, the drivers always give full throttle. Вследствие этого казнимые умирают от удушья, а не засыпают, как это было предусмотрено. As a consequence, put to death die from suffocation and not fall asleep, as it was intended. My orders have led to what is now a particular installation lever death comes faster and moreover concluded peacefully asleep. . Distorted faces and feces were observed before, is no longer seen. In the course of the day I move in group B, where you can send me any further messages. [4] Dr. Becker, Untersturmführer SS [4]

Letter from the head of the Security Police and SD Ostland Hauptsturmfuhrer *Tryugesa on gas vehicles:

Transports of Jews who should be subjected to special disposal method, come every week to the management of the chief of the Security Police and Security Service of Belarus. Three gas cars that are out there are not sufficient for this purpose. Я прошу, чтобы прислали еще один газовый автомобиль (пятитонку). I ask that sent another gas vehicle (five-tonne). В то же время я прошу, чтобы переправили 20 газовых труб для трех автомашин, которыми мы располагаем (две — Диамонд, одна — Заурер), так как имеющиеся трубы уже пропускают газ. At the same time, I ask that transported 20 gas pipes for the three cars that we have (two – Diamond, one – Saurer), since the existing pipe is passed gas.

Field Post 32/704 Kyiv, May 16, 1942 secret document of national importance! SS Obersturmbannführer Rauff,

Berlin, Prinz Albrechtstrasse, 8.

Rudolf Siegert (born December 23, 1899, in statutes; died 24 April 1945 in Berlin) was a German jurist and SS leader.
*He was Rauff’s boss.

Kurt Krause (Nationalsozialist), († 1944 ?), Leiter des Ghetto Riga

May have died in 1944 , acc. to Deutsche wikipedia.

The occupants of the German ghetto made an effort to perform musical works and plays. There were many talented people among them. The Nazi commandant, Krause, and his staff, often attended and enthusiastically applauded the performances. The concerts and the more formal plays were given in the same factory-like structure which was used for sorting the effects of the victims of the various massacres and “actions” that took place in Riga and the rest of Latvia. For these events, Krause and other Nazis sat in the front row. Krause assisted the orchestra, by providing instruments, such as a cello (whose original owner had been murdered or worked to death at Salaspils), from the confiscated baggage from the transports.[38]

END

Oberstleut der Schupo Willy Suchanek was Polizeiadjudant RFSS. b. 1905. Testimony 1947 .
Himmler’s adjutant

nazi palestine .   book by mallmann and martin cueppers.

names:

Lt Col Meyer Zermatt, abwehr

Paul Leverkuehn

Rudolf Roser

Heinz Jost

Walter Schellenberg

Dr Heinz Graefe

Dr Erich Hengelhaput

Peter Weirauch

Kurt Schuback

Heinz Tunnat

Herbert Hagen: mideast expert

Wilhelm Beisner, einsatz gruppe Zagreb, Croatia

Ludwig Moyzisch, Gestapo, Turkey

Kuno Schroeder

Fritz Mayer

Roman Gamotha

Dr Julius Berthold Schulze Holthus

Major Strojil

Grobba, Fritz

Leopold Itz elder von Mildenstein, advocated Jewish emigration to Palestin before the war in his articles; but later went with the change in orders. d. 1968

Mildenstein apparently worked as press officer for Coca Cola in West Germany until the public Eichmann hearings, in which Eichmann mentions him as “the specialist for the jewish affairs”.

Woermann

Eberhard von Stohrer

Schrump-Pierron

Franz Schattenfroh

Werner Von Hentig, Mideast

Dr Karl Wuck

…Ettel

Wilhelm Melchers. Consul in Palestine.  No punishment. June 1953, MELCHERS took over the leadership of the German Embassy in Baghdad and Amman branch. In March 1957, he was appointed the Ambassador to New Delhi. Mid-1961 he was appointed as Ambassador to Athens, until he was retired in 1965. MELCHERS was awarded in 1954 the great Federal cross of merit with star. He died at the age of 71.

Julius Seiler

Cornelius Schwarz, however, a National Socialist from Jaffa, became Landesgruppenleiter of the Nazi Party for Palestine in October 1935.

Karl Ruff, became the first member and local leader of the Palestine National Socialist Party in January 1932

Walter  [Hans] Doehle, Consul in jerusalem

Franz Reicher-?, German News Bureau, Palestine

Hans Pieckenbrock

Helmuth Groscurth

Heinrich Hest

Erwin Lahousen

Franz Seubert

Hermann Erich Seifert

Timotheus Wurst, Nazi Consul in Jaffa.

Victor Freiherr von der Lippe

Nazi official Karl Kossack-Raytenau travelled through Palestine in 1938 as a special correspondent for the National Socialist paper “Der Angriff”. He wrote “The Arab recognized the threat posed by the Jew before the good natured German did, and he determinedly countered it with strength and passion. He fights the Jew whenever and however he can, and here in Haifa in particular the battle never ends”.

Raytenau d. 1949

Eberhard von Stohrer, Nazi amb. to Cairo, d. 1953.

Heinrich Wolff, Nazi ambassador in “Palestine.”

Stohrer wanted to make usable in particular Islam as a religion for the NS. He claimed that both ideologies “meet in many Islamic principles.” To implement he proposed a “Committee” alleged expert on Islam Orient Dept. in the AA, under direction of the Werner Otto von Hentig, formerly. Two other adventurers figures from the intelligence service environment, the doctor Peter shrumpf Pierron, [3], and Ladislaus Almásy had to submit this proposal. Almásy wanted to then again justify to the Caliphate under German suzerainty with al-Husseini at the top.[4]

Hentig, d. 1984 As a representative of the Foreign Office (VAA) at the command of the 11th Army, Otto von Hentig was between 1941 and 1942 rapporteur from the Crimean War.[1] He reported by detecting most probably Jewish graves in the Crimea in the summer of 1942 and criticize as only AAD for the murder of hundreds of thousands of Jews in the area [2]. The support of Mohammed was among his responsibilities later Amin al-Husayni, the Mufti of Jerusalem, whom he accompanied on April 6, 1945 from Berlin to Salzburg to Gustav Scheel, successfully escaping from the defeated Germany to help him. [3]

Dr. Pierron

Scheel, already on blog

Almasy, already should be on the blog. Hungarian.

Hans-Joachim Weise, Nazi associated with Walther Rauff, gas vans.

The most important book to read on the Palestinians, the Arabs and the Nazis
has, unfortunately, not yet been translated into English. Klaus-Michael
Mallmann and Martin Cuppers’ Halbmond und Hakenkreuz. Das “Dritte Reich”,
die Araber und Palestina, translated Crescent Moon and Swastika: The Third
Reich, the Arabs, and Palestine was published September, 2006.

Dr. Klaus-Michael Mallman, the author of many books on Germany and
the Holocaust, is Privatdozent fur Neuere Geschichte at the University of Essen.
Martin Cuppers is a researcher at the Forschungsstelle Ludwigsburg, and has
published an important book on the command staff and office of the
Reichsfuhrer SS, the Head of the SS, Heinrich Himmler.

SS
.
Einsatzgruppe [Special Taskforce] F already were listing Jewish dwellings in
Palestine to be confiscated as accommodations for German troops once the
Afrika Korps arrived in Palestine.

===
Hermann Schlöf , gebietskommissar Lithuania.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gebietskommissar

Gebietskommissar Gerhard Erren, an official of the Ministry of the East . death, unkn.

Alfred Gille (* 15. August 1901 in Insterburg/Ostpreußen; † 18. Februar 1971 in Rheinbach) war ein deutscher Politiker (GB/BHE) und Jurist.

A Nazi official named Egon Haensell was in charge of the Jelgava SD office.[4]

Walter Altemeyer, mentioned.

Walter von Medem d. 1945.

 

END

national socialism and the mideast

02/02/2012

Max (Freiherr) von Oppenheim (July 15, 1860 in Köln – November 17, 1946 in Landshut) was a German ancient historian, and archaeologist, “the last of the great amateur archaeological explorers of the Near East.”. [ read the wikipedia pages on this man]

Oppenheim made his last trip to the Orient. Little is known of the trip, though the purpose was reportedly to resume his dig in Syria before his permit expired.Still, there are some questions about whether there was more to it than that. The trip was paid for by a special fund administered by Hermann Göring, the head of Germany’s air force and leading Nazi, who collected stolen paintings and antiques from all over Europe.Once back in Germany, Oppenheim lived in Munich, where he witnessed the demise of the Third Reich in person. His finds had been bombed to bits in Berlin, and he had few treasures left to his name. Soon thereafter, in 1946, he died of old age.[5]

News site for the Orient

Headquarters of the news agency of the Orient, Wall Street 45/46

The news site for the East (short int ) was during the First World War in the Middle East operating unit of the German General Staff and the Foreign Office . She was pro-German propaganda activities in the countries of the East and British Indiaresponsible and fulfilled at the same timeintelligence tasks.

With little success, the news agency went to great Islamic faith to move soldiers from the French, British and Russian armies to overflowing. POWs Islamic faith at the instigation of the message body in the ” Halfmoon Camp concentrated “in Berlin.Here Islamic practices such Essgebote or wereRamadan explicitly taken into account and built the first mosque on German soil for the prisoners. “Guest speakers” from Turkey tried to agitate the prisoners and to persuade to change sides.

The news agency supported nationalist movements in the Middle East countries to ensure that the German position in the Middle East and Transcaucasia to strengthen and the Entente powers, France , Britain and Russia to weaken. The politicization of the term ” jihad “in the Islamic world is partly due to the propaganda activities of the intelligence agency.

The activities of the intelligence agency still impact on the German alliance policy in the Middle East. In the national states of Egypt, Israel and Turkey are like during the First World War, the local ethno-nationalist movements important allies, while the Germans ethnically mixed,Francophone and some non-Muslim peoples of the Levant, especially in Syria and Lebanon , suspicious and strange have remained.

History and Structure [ Edit ]

Idea and situation [ Edit ]

Max von Oppenheim – initiator of the NFO – in Arab dress.

The relations between Germany and the Ottoman Empire were at the beginning of the 20th Century very well. While the German military missions provided for a modernization of the Turkish Army, was awarded the prestigious German-Ottoman major project, the construction of the Baghdad Railway remote parts of the multiethnic state, opened up. The rising superpower Germany tried to win in the Turks as allies. The Ottoman Empire was on the ground, however: The European Powers said because of the ongoing economic and political decline of the ” sick man of Europe “. The ” Eastern Question “if persist, the Ottoman Empire and divided as colonies and would disintegrate so was an important aspect in the foreign policy of imperialism .

In July 1914, started the first world war . The Germanorientalist and diplomat Max von Oppenheim (1860-1946) gave on this occasion in October, the Foreign Office a memorandum entitled “Memorandum on revolutionizing the Islamic territories of our enemies.” In it he wrote:

“First and foremost we currently have to think of our self-defense to exploit Islam for us and strengthen these forces by now. […] The perfidy of our opponents also gives us the right to resort to any means that may lead to a revolution in hostile countries. [1] ”

– Max von Oppenheim, October, 1914.

Oppenheim had collected as a German diplomat and amateur archaeologist in the Middle East a lot of experience and was a foreign policy expert on the Ottoman Empire. He saw great potential in the possibility, among Muslims a holy war ( Jihad , Arab. جهاد) against the Ententepowers France , Britain and Russia to kindle in order to improve their own war situation.Oppenheim saw propagandistic measures and an approach of the German Army in the Ottoman Empire as a necessary pre-conditions of a revolution. For the coordination of these projects, he suggested the creation of a news site which would be composed of Orientalists, Arab or Turkish native speakers and trained lecturers and “Adjusted truthful war reports (calls, etc.)” should work out and send. [2]

The memorandum Oppenheim came to the Under Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to ChancellorTheobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, and Emperor Wilhelm II during the Emperor, to whom much was keen to win the Ottomans as allies, the plan looked benevolently ruled divided opinions in the Foreign Office. In particular, the liberal diplomat and East expert Friedrich Rosen , an opponent Oppenheim, urgently warned not to incite religious fanaticism. [3] However, since theGeneral Staff under Helmuth von Moltke promoted decided the plans in November, the foundation of the “news site for the East” by the Foreign Office and the Section on the Deputy General Staff. [4] This was under the direction of the diplomat Rudolf Nadolny , who since the Ottoman Empire entered the war on the side of the Central Powers on 3 November was responsible for the Cooperation of NFO with the military.

Financial resources for the NFO were provided from the general budget of the Foreign Office propaganda available. The monthly financing was 5,000, which was increased by an “iron reserve fund for extraordinary tasks” on 8000. This sum was not enough by far, which is why Oppenheim contributed funds from his personal assets. The German headquarters of NFO was first in five rooms of the Berlin Imperial Colonial Office housed. However, the extension of duties made ​​a move to the Tauentzienstraße 19a soon required. At the end of the war were used by NFO 32 rooms. [5]

Organization and functions [ Edit ]

First World War in oriental room – States involved

  • Allied and Allied
  • Central Powers

The propaganda among the Muslims of Russia, theFrench colonies and the British Empire in favor of the German war was the central task of the NFO.This area was divided into four areas:

  1. Propaganda on the fronts
  2. Propaganda among Muslim prisoners of war
  3. Propaganda in the colonies of the Entente
  4. Propaganda in the allied countries and the German Empire

The NFO was their status after neither an authority nor a private company. Their secret cooperation with the Foreign Ministry and the General Staff gave her half but official. In the organization they resembled a university faculty : In addition to the line there was a law firm and a press office. There were six divisions, edited legal, Turkish, Persian, Arabian, Indian and Russian affairs. In addition, the editors of the newspaper and the prisoners were New Orient equated the departments. The entire organization was up to the head of the institution, in the early years so Max von Oppenheim. To zoom in close to the Muslim population and to facilitate the work, each native speakers were employed in the departments concerned.

One of the first activities of the NFO Orientals in Berlin at the beginning of the war were summarized in committees that make up national organizations for the peoples of the Middle East were formed. For example, the “Indian Independence Committee,” the “Persian committee in Berlin” and “created Committee for the Independence of Georgia “. These organizations were in constant contact with NFO. Oppenheim also suggested the establishment of a Georgian and a Tatar scholarship fund of the “German-Georgian Society” and building a “German-Persian society”. [6]

The NFO possessed several subsidiary organizations, including the so-called “news room organization” at the German embassy in Constantinople, which was the representation of the message body in the Ottoman Empire. During the First World War were numerous “news rooms” liaison offices of the NFO, established in the region, such as in Tbilisi , Mosul ,Damascus and Jerusalem . For coordination between Berlin and the places in the East, the German embassy was responsible. So were daily multilingual reports of the German General Staff the way deep into the Middle East. [7] to disseminate propaganda publications available to the news agency has its own sales office in Zurich and was in close contact to some bookstores in Lausanne , Amsterdam , The Hague and Stockholm . In this way the German war propaganda should find consideration in the neutral countries. [8]

Besides the actual propaganda activities, the NFO also went to other tasks. Thus the maintenance of personal contacts with oriental circles in the German Empire, the Ottoman government and the neutral countries of great importance. In addition, a newspaper archive Affected by the East was established that especially the Foreign Office was available and other official bodies could provide information in Berlin. To this end, NFO watched the Oriental, European and American press and gave periodic overviews of Russian, Tatar, Caucasian , Turkish, Persian and Indian press out. This press facilitated the work of German diplomacy and the General Staff. The NFO was active also as official censorship of the Orient-related writings, films, and even letters to the Foreign Ministry and the General Staff. Similarly, the correspondence of the Muslim prisoners of war were subjected to censorship. [9] In addition, the news took place in the German press influence in order to achieve this a “more deliberate choice of words” in the context of Islam and the Ottoman Empire. [10]

Personnel Structure [ Edit ]

The news agency initially sat down “from some long ago with Oppenheim somehow connected persons” together. [11] They were working on a collegiate basis as possible voluntarily and sometimes even free of charge together. The further progress of the war, the stronger the institutional character of the NFO. In 1915, 15 German and 20 oriental people were employed in the message body. [12] There were also occasional translator eleven and eleven other employees. In 1918, the total staff consisted of 59 persons, including several office servant and messenger. The staff were mostly German Orientalists, diplomats or journalists .

Line of the message body [ Edit ]

Period of time Director of the NFO
November 1914 – March 1915 Max von Oppenheim (1860-1946)
March 1915 – February 1916 Karl Emil damage of Schowingen Binger (1877-1967)
February 1916 – November 1918  Eugen Mittwoch  (1876-1942)

In March 1915, Max von Oppenheim, the founder and initiator of the news agency, was appointed to the German embassy to Constantinople. For this reason, he appointed his assistant Karl Emil Freiherr von Bingen damage Schowingen indefinitely to his representative.Damage Binger was a diplomat and lawyer, but had already during his studies and developed a strong interest in Oriental Studies at Martin Hartmann learned Persian and Turkish. Until the formation of News saddle point Binger was at the Imperial Legation in Tangier ( Morocco have worked) as an interpreter. With the takeover of the management of the NFO it was the title of “Consul “award. Binger damage remained until 22 February 1916 in the office before he was transferred to the Foreign Office to the German Consulate General in Jerusalem. He was succeeded by Eugene on Saturday. Wednesday was no longer semi-officially appointed by Oppenheim himself, but commissioned by the Foreign Office. Wednesday was a professor of Islamic Studies and directed the NFO until its dissolution at the end of the war.

German employees [ Edit ]

Among the German people were the influential orientalist Martin Hartmann, Helmuth von Glasenapp and Willy Sparrow . Martin Hartmann taught Arabic at the Oriental Institute since 1887 in Berlin and sat down as a co-founder of the “German Society for Islamic Studies” for the recognition of Islamic studies as a separate scientific discipline. The company was the world of Islam out as a club member. For his appointment to the news agency, his former student Karl Emil damage Binger was used by Schowingen. [13] Other staff included a native of Switzerland, journalist Max Rudolf Kaufmann (1952 in Bonn, director of the East Unit of InterNationes ), the above contacts with the press in the German Reich and the neutral countries possessed, and Nahum Goldmann , later president of the World Jewish Congress , who was then working as a writer German propaganda writings. Kaufmann’s father ran a front company in Zurich, the “Orient Publishing”, the propaganda writings of the news agency of the neutral Switzerland sales. [14]

The young orientalist Helmuth von Glasenapp had reported the outbreak of war volunteered for military service, but later had to return from the front, just a few weeks due to an injury. Nevertheless, in order, as he wished to pursue an “essential war work,” he turned to the personal acquaintance of his father Otto Georg von Glasenapp Bogislaf , the liberal Secretary of the Colonial Office Wilhelm Solf . Solf referred the young Glasenapp to Max von Oppenheim, who founded the NFO at this time. Because of his knowledge of Indology Oppenheim took him into his staff. Glasenapp was responsible for the implementation of the propaganda in British India in the message body and had good relations with the Indian National Congress . At the same time oriental prisoners of war were part of his Responsibilities: He wrote the lyrics for the German prisoners newspaper. [15]

A connection between the German employees of NFO was on the Seminar for Oriental Languages ​​in Berlin. This prestigious academic institution has produced many eminent Orientalists and made ​​for an exceptionally good voice training numerous German diplomat and colonial administrator. The seminar had in the educational landscape held a privileged position and was operated jointly by the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. The funds came from the budget of the Foreign Office. The Department of Oriental Languages ​​in the Empire was a cadre of German diplomacy in the Ottoman Empire and thus for the NFO of paramount importance.

Oriental employee [ Edit ]

Salih aš-Sharif at-TUNISI – employees of the news agency of the Orient

The approximately 20 employees of the news agency oriental tried by a move to the German Empire, that enjoyed a certain popularity in the region to better pursue their own interests: This was a fine line between patriotism and desire for independence on the one hand, and collaboration on the other. The management of the NFO therefore always remained suspicious and supervised the activities of this employee group very closely. The news agency tried to turn in various ways to recruit Muslim operatives. Some came on the recommendation of the Ottoman side, others were from the communities of the Eastern exiles, including in Switzerland, recruited by employees of the NFO.

Among the Orientals, who cooperated with the NFO, the Tunisians Salih aš-Sharif at-TUNISI (1866-1920).This came from a traditional family of scholars since 1889 and was a professor at the Zitouna Universityin Tunis . In 1906 he went as a result of the French occupation of Tunisia into exile. He emigrated first to Constantinople and later to Damascus . During this time he established contacts with major figures of the Ottoman Empire, such as Ismail Enver . This gave him the Ambassador Hans von Wangenheim , the activity of the intelligence office in Berlin. Along with Karl Emil damage Binger from Schowingen he traveled as an advocate to the Western Front , where it was trying to move Muslim soldiers of the French army to desert. [16] was later Salih aš-Sharif at-TUNISI for German propaganda in the ” vineyard stock ” for Muslim prisoners of war in Zossen responsible. [17]

The German POW camp presented the most important field of activity for the Oriental employee dar. where they spread, for example, as imams propaganda news agency. In addition to the “vineyard camp” in Zossen, in which this task has been mostly perceived by Tatars, existed inWunsdorf the ” Halfmoon Camp “with over 30,000 Muslim prisoners. [18] There, the Algerian Rabah Lieutenant Būkabūya worked for the Germans. He had defected and joined the Entente under the pseudonym El Hadj Abdallah as a preacher and author of propaganda leaflets.Another significant oriental employees of NFO was Abd al-Azeez SAWIS (1876-1929). After his education at the Al-Azhar University in Cairo , he was editor of al-Liwa ‘ , the central organ of the Egyptian independence movement, and become subsequently been repeatedly taken prisoner by the British. For the news agency since 1916, he was in Berlin, the journal The Islamic worldout. [19]

Propaganda of the news agency [ Edit ]

Propaganda [ Edit ]

The truth about the religious war , propaganda brochure the news agency

To the propaganda of the news site for the East included leaflets, Views, war reports, magazines and newspapers, books, brochures, picture-and even movies. [20] By the end of 1915, the NFO had issued 386 different publications in 20 languages. The choice of the means of propaganda was based always on the respective application. Accounted for the largest share of the leaflets that were dropped en masse on the fronts of aircraft to enemy positions in which Muslim soldiers were suspected. The target groups were the North Africans in the French army (Zouaves and Turcos ), besides also Indians in theBritish Army as well as Georgians and Central Asians in the Imperial Russian Army . German propaganda in allied Ottoman army was however strictly forbidden. [21]

Brochures and books should exert influence on public opinion, especially in the neutral countries.The largest part of the nfo publication was a translation of a comprehensive war chronicle. From 1916 appeared Orient issue of image work The Great War in pictures in Arabic, Turkish, Persian and Urdu. [22] This did not come all the publications written by staff of the news agency. Many texts have been written anonymously or originated by Muslim scholars and were only checked by the NFO for their suitability as propaganda and published thereafter.

The influence of the press was another aspect of the propaganda activity. For this reason, Max von Oppenheim in 1916 participated in the founding of an Arabic-speaking, German-friendly newspaper called Al Sark in Damascus. Since that year the Persian newspaper published in Berlin Kaweh in cooperation with the intelligence office. In addition, the NFO called two of their own, official organs into life: the correspondence sheet and the journal The New Orient .

Deutsche wiki, trans from Geramn.

Karl Emil Freiherr von Bingen damage Schowingen (* September 271877 in Gernsbach , † April 4 1967 in Baden-Baden ) was a German diplomat and orientalist.

Life

Damage Binger from Schowingen studied from 1897 at the University of Heidelberg law . During this time he developed a strong interest in Oriental Studies . Therefore, he decided after the completion of his law studies at theSchool for Oriental Languages ​​in Berlin with Martin Hartmann Persian andTurkish to learn.

1901 Binger joined damage of Schowingen in the diplomatic service and was first interpreter at the Imperial Legation in Tangier ( Morocco ). On 22 March 1915 he was appointed Max von Oppenheim his successor as head of theintelligence office for the Orient . In 1916, he became the German consul inJaffa appointed. He had until the end of this post World War stopped. 1918 to 1924 he was in the Orient Department of the German Foreign Office operates.In 1931 he joined the NSDAP in.

In 1924, he finally retired at the age of 47 years from the active duty and devoted himself to Oriental studies. He authored significant publications on theSeldschukenwesir Nizam al-Mulk , whose writings he translated from the Persian into German. In 1967, shortly before his death, he published his memoirs under the title of “world historical mosaic fragments. Experiences and memories of an imperial dragoman. ” deutsche wiki

Eugene Mittwoch (* December 4 1876 in Schrimm in Poznan , † November 8 1942 inLondon ) was a German orientalist. He is considered a founder of modern Islamic studies in Germany and as a major Jewish scholar.

Mittwoch initially intended, rabbis and to be graduated from the Rabbinical Seminary inBerlin. In 1899 he received his doctorate at Edward Sachau . His habilitation was in 1905.During the First World War led Mittwoch’s news site for the East as the successor of the founder Baron Oppenheim and Karl Emil damage bingers of Schowingen .

After a first job at the University of Berlin in 1915-16 and a brief appointment at the University of Greifswald 1917, he was from 1919 until his dismissal by the Nazi government in 1935 professor of Semitic Studies at the University of Berlin. During this time he also acted as a major Jewish scholars, among others, he was an academic teacher of the legendary “Rav,” Rabbi Joseph Ber Soloveitchik . Was given emeritus regularly that Mittwoch, 1935 and later still received emoluments of the Berlin University, was on personal intervention of Benito Mussolini attributable. Mittwoch was the leading experts Abyssinia in Europe and thus as a scientist working for the military in Ethiopia Italians of considerable importance. Between 1910 and 1930, made ​​Mittwoch young Falasha and was an important member of the Aid Association of German Jews . He served as past chairman of the Society of Promotion of Science of Judaism , and was also Managing Director of the Central Association of German Citizens of Jewish Faith . As one of the first German Jews  Mittwoch spoke modern Hebrew .

During the 1930s Mittwoch  was head of the Berlin office of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee . He emigrated to France in 1938 and in 1939 went with his family to London. His mother was killed in the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen.

More on Nazis, August 2012

02/02/2012
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/justice-at-nuremberg/
Some material has been moved there.
Die Banalität des Bösen: Ein Zeichentisch bei "Topf & Söhne". Foto: dpa
Topf Und Sohnen
from deutsche wikipedia:
After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the Siemens capabilities with strategic orders were fully utilised. In the course of the war have been manufacturing sites in all regions of Germany and in the areas occupied outsourced, where Siemens in large scale “Foreign workers”, as well as forced laborers (also absorbing.) Exploited from (“Eastern workers”). Siemens produced kz prisoners rented by the SS in Auschwitz and Lublin.[7] Many Siemens production facilities have been destroyed by the war. During the battle of Berlin, it resulted in the complete closure of the plant in Berlin. The reigning from 1941 to 1956 President Hermann von Siemens was 1945 temporarily interned in the Nuremberg prison, but acquitted.
Grosse Rosen.
Georg_Gussregen. No further info.
from Polish wiki.
Siemens AG has an important role in the Nazi system of State monopolies, created for the needs of the economy of the Navy of Germany. During World War II, most of the production group was directed to the needs of the army. Siemens AG participated in. in the production of missile V-1 and V-2. In 1941 the capital stock increased to 400 million reichsmarek, and the automaker began to participate in the plunder of industrial countries occupied (including Polish and SOVIET UNION). Used work exported to Germany compulsory labourers, prisoners of war and prisoners of concentration camps – m.in. they worked in the plants of Siemens-Schuckertwerke GmbH, silnoprądowych devices that were in the vicinity of Auschwitz concentration camp and at the Siemens Halske AG located in & camp Groß-Rosen. Siemens also developed projects in the krematoria concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau (the same company Hoch und Tiefbau AG krematoria built from Katowice) and-supplied catering equipment in them. In 1943, the automaker employed 250,000 people (45% of total employment in the entire industry and electrical engineering).
————
Huta high and civil engineering AG”.
Huta Hoch und Tiefbau
Hans Bechtel , d. 1950, Hannover, director.
Builder of Krematoria.
The company was founded by the engineer Hans Bechtel from Mannheim. Bechtel was first employed at the fortification bauämtern Metz and Ulm, before he entered one of the leading companies for iron concrete in the construction company of Gustav Lolat in Düsseldorf, and was entrusted with the leadership of the Berlin Office. After his departure from Lolat he founded his own company on May 4, 1904 in Wroclaw with its approval under the name “Construction company of Lolat reinforced concrete GmbH”, which could grow rapidly thanks to the specialization in large industrial projects in the still relatively new iron concrete construction. The company among others in Berlin, Halle (Saale), Hanover, Szczecin and Nuremberg maintained branches. 1907 was the conversion into a public limited company with a capital of 1 million gold marks. Through participation on the company entered the Opole Frauendorfer Portland cement AG also in the construction industry. With the acquisition of the concrete company of G. A. Wayss in Vienna with their branch offices in Linz and Salzburg, she spread abroad. Gustav Adolf Wayss belongs to the supervisory of Board in 1917 until his death. Focus on international activities, however, was Russia, where the Lolat reinforced concrete GmbH was engaged since 1907 and established electricity and gas, coke oven plants, cement factories, a mercury hut and dams. Branches for the Russia business were built in St. Petersburg, Riga, Warsaw, Kiev and Kharkov. a contract with the Imperial Colonial Office 1912 was the expansion of the port of Apia, as well as the construction of a railway and a water supply system. He could be realised but no longer due to the first world war.

Kori:

SS NCO Hubert Busch, director crematoria

ss oberscharf.

  • Krematorien im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz.
  • 39 one muffle furnaces of the company of Kori.  H. Kori GmbH is a Berlin-based, specialized in the construction of the air heater company, which was established in 1887 in Berlin.
  • The H. Kori GmbH was initially specialized in incinerators for the removal of animal carcasses. After the activities of the company expanded the construction of installations for the incineration of waste of all kinds and crematoria. During the Holocaust, the company supplied (as well as the firm of j. A. topf  and sons in Erfurt) cremation furnaces for the destruction process of concentration camp victims in the gas chamber buildings of the concentration and extermination camps. Kori installed including the crematorium furnaces in the Majdanek concentration camp and in the Pirna Tötungsanstalt Sonnenstein.

    http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/neuer-holocaust-erinnerungsort-die-ofenbauer-von-erfurt/3776636.html

  • So also the Berlin competitor Kori delivered dozens concentration camp stoves. However, the history of Kori, says historian Schuele, “is still not told”.
—————————————————————————————-
need info:
Johann Robert Schmidt., nazi
———-
ig farben Polish wiki.For Ig Farben worked many German researchers, among others. chemist and industrialist Fritz Termeer, or whether the holder of the patent for Zyklon B and operating officer of IG Farben Carl Wurster.
The total net profit of IG Farbenindustrie in 1945 the war was estimated at 6 billion German marks
—————
Ultimately, however, stopped the liquidation and in 1951 was the automaker’s company, which originally included in the Ig Farbenindustrie – these companies have been consolidated by joining smaller operators to have greater resources and market position is ultimately from the founding companies remained only four:Agfa, BASF, Bayer and Hoechst AG (connected later with the French company Rhône-Poulenc Rorer and Aventis ultimately transformed into a chemical company).
Many defendants soon returned to their positions. For example, Carl Wurster, during World War II, the head of the chemical company producing the Zyklon B gas to Auschwitz, and the accused in the Nuremberg trials before the Court. Crimes, already in 1952 became head of BASF. This function he served for many years in the years 1960-1972, he held the Office of Vice President of the Max Planck Society. Among the many positions he held include the heart of the position member of the Management Board of Deutsche Bank. Fritz ter Meer, sentenced at the Nuremberg trials for genocide and forced marriages to work slave in connection with crimes at Auschwitz, in 1956 he took on the position of the President of the Bayer company for more than 10 years.
Automaker was officially abolished in 1952 ig farben, pol wiki
————

Huels:

While Hüls was founded in 1938, it owed much to the 1888 invention of tires.  Without tires and the consequent demand for rubber, there would have been no  synthetic rubber; without synthetic rubber, there would have been no Hüls. The  first patent for synthesizing rubber was filed  in 1909, but the process was too expensive for commercial exploitation. After  the automobile increased the need for tires, experiments began in earnest again.  Based on the work of the Nobel prize-winners Carl Bosch, Fritz Haber, and  Friedrich Bergius, Buna was created. First made in 1926, Buna was an economical  synthetic rubber, based on coal and using sodium as a catalyst.

In the fall of 1935, the first experimental plant for the production of Buna  was built by I.G. Farbenindustrie. A year later, the German government issued  its second Four Year Plan, in which the importance of Buna production to the  country’s strength was stressed. On May 9, 1938, Chemische Werke Hüls GmbH was  founded specifically for the production of Buna, with a capital stock of 30  million marks. I.G. Farbenindustrie owned 74 percent and Bergwerksgesellschaft  Hibernia AG owned 26 percent of the new company. The first managing directors  were Otto Ambros and Friedrich Bruning, and on the board were Dr. Fritz ter Meer  and Wilhelm Tengenmann. All four men were representatives of the shareholding  companies.

Construction of new factories was difficult during wartime, yet labor was  obtained because the Nazis urgently needed Buna. The factory was built very  quickly and in August 1940 production began. The annual capacity for production  was 18,000 tons of Buna. The capital stock was immediately increased to 80  million marks. The company also produced chlorine,  antifreeze, and other chemicals. In 1941 the production of Buna was increased to  40,000 tons annually. From this time, the chemists at Hüls began to work on the  production of solvents, softening agents, and resins. Production was increased  to 50,000 tons in 1942 and capital was raised to 120 million.

It was not until 1943 that the war began to affect Hüls negatively. The  company had great difficulty in obtaining raw materials and surviving bomb  attacks. The worst was a heavy daylight air raid on June 11, 1943, when 1,560  bombs were dropped on Hüls factories. The works were devastated, 186 people were  killed, and 752 were wounded. Production stopped for three months. In spite of  heavier bombing of the hydrogenation plants to stop the supply of raw materials,  by 1944 the Hüls works reached maximum production capacity again, though they  were still a main target of the bomb attacks. On March 29, 1945 a special unit  of the German Army appeared with orders to blow up all of Hüls. It was Hitler’s  command that ‘the enemy should find nothing.’ The unit was persuaded to disobey  these orders by Dr. Paul Baumann. Two days later, American troops marched into  the factories.

—————————————————-

Paul Baumann was one of the chemists who had worked on the development of  Buna. He fought in World War I, then studied in Heidelberg  with the Nobel prize-winner Philipp  Lenard. Baumann received his doctorate in 1923, and first worked for I.G.  Farbenindustrie, spending time at their offices in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. At  Hüls he was quickly promoted to production manager. In 1945, when the British  troops replaced those of the Americans, Baumann was made manager of works, then  chairman of the board.

In 1945 the British, who were paying high prices for natural rubber at home,  allowed the resumption of the production of Buna. At their orders, the company’s  name changed to Chemische Werke Hüls. The Potsdam agreement then forbade the  production of Buna in Germany, and in order to survive the company had to change  its products immediately.

In November 1945 the entire company was taken over by the Allied authorities  and put under a financial control office. The ‘de-Nazification’ included the  dismissal of Hans Gunther and Ulrich Hoffman. Other dismissals were planned but,  as they would have meant the administrative collapse of the company, were not  effected.

The I.G. Farbenindustrie sales offices, Hüls’s main outlets, were  closed by the Allies. Hüls then cooperated with other companies on sales, but as  this was regarded as joint operations, it too was stopped. All production of  Buna was formally stopped by the British in 1948, partly as English, French, and  Dutch colonies were experiencing a natural rubber boom, but also because the  production of synthetic rubber was seen as potentially useful in the rebuilding  of a German military effort. Hüls was faced with large numbers of employees and  not enough work for them. The company began to produce vinyl chloride, propylene  oxide, emulsifiers, and the polyvinyl  chloride called Vestolit, but even so in 1949, many employees were made redundant, and plant works  capable of producing 900 tons had to be dismantled.

In 1948 Hüls rather cleverly created ‘produkt 1973,’ a synthetic rubber made  by the same process as that for Buna but with a few steps reversed. (It was also  called ‘umgekehrt Buna,’ literally ‘Backward Buna.’) This was to be used in linoleum. Both the forward and  the backward Buna required butadien for production. In 1949 the Allied  governments banned all butadien. Hüls protested, but, as it was one of the few  companies to escape the total disbanding of its works by the allies, it restrained  its protests. Generally, Hüls was better treated than other companies after the  war, in part because of its ability to change its production to acceptable  areas, and of the ability of Paul Baumann to get on so peaceably with the  Allies. Additionally, Hüls was a major producer of fertilizers, which were  considered vital to the agricultural economy.

The I.G. Farbenindustrie was disbanded by the Allies in Frankfurt in 1952. On  December 19, 1953 Hüls was released from Allied control and converted to a joint  stock company with a capital stock of DM 120 million. The following year, the  company invested DM 85 million to expand plant production capacity. New products  included Vestolen, a high-density polyethylene, and Vestopal, a polyester  resin.

For some time, the production of Buna had ceased to be profitable, and the  company had been working on ways to improve and modernize the antiquated  production procedures. A new plant was proposed and a new company, Bunawerke  Hüls GmbH, was formed in 1955. The shareholders were Hüls, with 50 percent, and  its old partners from I.G. Farbenindustrie, in the guise  of the company’s three successors. Dr. Baumann was the managing director. In a  very short time, Bunawerke was the largest producer of synthetic rubber in  Europe.

Hüls grew apace. It built  Power Station II, the first coal power station to operate on supercritical  steam. In 1956 Quimica Industrial Huels do Brasil Ltda. was formed in Brazil.  Plants were either converted or constructed to produce reinforcing agents, phthalic anhydride,  and more acetylene. In 1961  the capital stock was increased to DM 120 million and Faserwerke Hüls GmbH was  founded, with a capital of DM 33.6 million, to produce synthetic fibers.

In 1959, a quarter of a century after Hüls had begun manufacturing heavy  detergents, it was discovered that they were major polluters of the environment.  A law was passed in 1961 requiring that all detergents be reducible by 80  percent by the existing sewage  plants. Three years later Hüls produced Marlon, a biodegradable  surfactant. The whole episode was a minor setback  in the phenomenalgrowth  of Hüls, which continued to form new companies, introduce new chemicals, and  establish new partnerships until, in 1971, its capital reached DM 310 million.

——————————

Parent Veba planned to invest DM 9.6 billion in  Hüls for the period from 1997 to 2001.

In early 1998 the announcement that Degussa AG and Hüls AG planned to merge  was made.

Principal Subsidiaries

Degussa Bank GmbH; Infracor GmbH; CREAVIS GmbH; ASTA Medica AG; Stockhausen  GmbH & Co. KG; Röhm GmbH; Vestolit GmbH; OXENO Olefinchemie GmbH;  Phenolchemie GmbH & Co. KG; Cerdec AG.

Principal Divisions

Health and Nutrition; Specialty Products; Polymers and Intermediates;  Performance Materials.

Principal Competitors

BASF Aktiengesellschaft; Bayer AG; Hoechst AG.

Mayer-Wegelin, Heinz, Aller Anfang ist schwer: Bilder zur hundertjährigen  Geschichte der Degussa,Frankfurt am Main: Degussa, 1973.

Pinnov, Hermann, Degussa 1873-1948,Frankfurt am Main: Degussa, 1948.

Wolf, Mechthild, It All Began in Frankfurt: Landmarks in the History of  Degussa AG,Frankfurt am Main: Degussa, 1989.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/degussa-h-ls-ag#ixzz243nHzoSq

http://tiergartenstrasse4.org/Bobrek.html

Name of the camp – Arbeitslager Bobrek Commandant of the camp

SS-Scharführer Hermann Buch        Location – Bobrek near Oswiecim Employer – Siemens-Schuckertwerke GmbH

Bobrek: should be listed.
Hermann Balthasar Buch (born December 30, 1896, Niederhöchstadt; died 1959 [1]) was a German SS Scharführer, who was camp “Camp Auschwitz” in the spring of 1944.From August 1939 until April 1942 he was afterwards in the Waffen-SS soldier in the Wehrmacht. First Buch was an overseer at the Ravensbrück concentration camp.[3] In late February 1943 Buchwas transferred to AUSCHWITZ, where he was head of the “gypsy camp Auschwitz” from spring until late April 1944.[2] After that was used in the Auschwitz camp Bobrek later as overseer until the “evacuation” of AUSCHWITZ in January 1945. That  was followed by functions in the gross-Rosen concentration camp and finally concentration camp Mauthausen. After the war Buch was sentenced to imprisonment and five years loss of civic rights and move of its assets on January 22, 1948 in Krakow to six years.

Buna plant in the concentration camp of Auschwitz III was  finally by the IG Farben Monowitz. Although for the construction of this factory around 20,000 to 25,000 forced laborers systematically had to work to death, it never came to completion. The average life expectancy of a slave worker in the construction of this work was three months and the labor camp had up to one hundred thousand prisoners. This work was the largest construction site in Europe in 1944.

De.wikipedia, Buna
NEW:

Stein , –
Dr. Hans Kawelmacher (1891- 1954)  Freed from POW camp, 1950.
Buckner, Fritz
Consequentely, Libau – among other Baltic and Soviet coastal towns -were under  control of Marine Coastal Defense (Marinebefehlshaber “C”)
Involvement in war time atrocities and Holocaust

Anti-Jewish measures ordered by the German naval commander in Liepāja, 5 July 1941[6]

The Kriegsmarine was involved during the war in atrocities and Holocaust. One notable example are Liepāja massacres where Jews, Gypsies, communists, the mentally ill and so-called “hostages” were mass murdered. About 5,000 of the 5,700 Jews trapped in Liepāja were shot, most of them in 1941. As a naval base, Liepāja came under the command of the German navy, the Kriegsmarine. Lieutenant commander (Korvettenkapitan) Stein was appointed as town commandant[7] On 1 July 1941, Stein ordered that ten hostages be shot for every act of sabotage, and further put civilians in the zone of targeting by declaring that Red Army soldiers were hiding among them in civilian attire.[7] This was the first announcement in Latvia of a threat to shoot hostages.[7] On 5 July 1941 Korvettenkapitan Brückner, who had taken over for Stein[7] issued a set of anti-Jewish regulations.[8] These were published in a local newspaper, Kurzemes Vārds.[6] Summarized these were as follows[9]:

  • All Jews must wear the yellow star on the front and back of their clothing;
  • Shopping hours for Jews were restricted to 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. Jews were only allowed out of their residences for these hours and from 3:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.;
  • Jews were barred from public events and transportation and were not to walk on the beach;
  • Jews were required to leave the sidewalk if they encountered a German in uniform;
  • Jewish shops were required to display the sign “A Jewish-owned business” in the window;
  • Jews were to surrender all radios, typewriters, uniforms, arms and means of transportation
Throughout July several shootings of Jews, communists and hostages were made, starting with 5 July On 16 July 1941,
Fregattenkapitän Dr. Hans Kawelmacher was appointed the German naval commandant in Liepāja.[10]
On 22 July, Kawelmacher sent a telegram to the German Navy’s Baltic Command in Kiel, which stated that he wanted 100 SS and fifty Schutzpolizei (“protective police”) men sent to Liepāja for “quick implementation Jewish problem”.[11] Kawelmacher hoped to accelerate killings complaining that “With present SS-personnel, this would take one year, which is untenable for [the] pacification of Liepāja”[12] Mass arrests of Jewish men began immediately in Liepāja, and continued through 25 July 1941.[11]

22 July 1941: “… Here about 8,000 Jews … with present SS personnel this would take about 1 year, which is untenable for pacification of Libau.” 27 July 1941: “Jewish problem Libau largely solved by execution of about 1,100 male Jews by Riga SS commando on 24 and 25.7.”

Hans Kawelmacher, Libau naval commandant.[11]

The shootings continued till December, and additionally Romani people were mass murdered as well.

———————————————————————-

Eugen Wannenmacher  assumed the Office of President of the German Association of Parodontology (ARPA).

  •  

  • On May 5, 1944, Himmler explained to Generals in Sonthofen that perseverance in the bombing war has only been possible because the Jews in Germany have been discarded.[26]

    The Jewish question has been solved within Germany itself and in general within the countries occupied by Germany. […] You can understand how difficult it was for me to carry out this military order which I was given and which I implemented out of a sense of obedience and absolute conviction. -HH speech in Sondhofen.

  • Werner Alfred Wenn, not much info. Himmler’s asst.

    ^ Smith, Peterson: Heinrich Himmler, p. 251 f.

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posen_speech

    Himmler openly acknowledged the Holocaust.

  • Horthy himself could not have been clearer in his memoirs: “Not before August,” he wrote, “did secret information reach me of the horrible truth about the extermination camps.”[12]^  Horthy:, Admiral Nicholas (2000). Admiral Nicholas Horthy, Memoirs. Nicholas Horthy, Miklós Horthy, Andrew L. Simon, Nicholas Roosevelt (illustrated ed.). Simon Publications LLC. pp. 348. ISBN 0-9665734-3-9.

  • Ernst Klee with the Goetheplakette (Goethe Medal) for his book, Deutsche Medizin im Dritten Reich. Karrieren vor und nach 1945 (German Medicine in the Third Reich. Careers before and after 1945).

  • The SS physician Dr. Hoven said before the Nuremberg Tribunal of this. “IG was anxious this fact to hide from the outside world-  but to cover up the circumstances of their attempts ..to draw the profit for themselves. Not the SS but ** IG farben took  the initiative in these experiments in the concentration camps. ”

  • many Nazi doctors slipped into comfortable and respected positions after the war. For example, in East Germany, Herman Voss became a prominent anatomist and in West Germany

  • On 12 March 1945, ICRC president Jacob Burckhardt received a message from SS General Ernst Kaltenbrunner accepting the ICRC’s demand to allow delegates to visit the concentration camps. This agreement was bound by the condition that these delegates would have to stay in the camps until the end of the war.  Louis Haefliger prevented the forceful eviction or blasting of Mauthausen-Gusen by alerting American troops, thereby saving the lives of about 60,000 inmates

     

    In 1996 renewed attention focused on the Helmbrechts sub-concentration camp. Two stories broke about former SS-Aufseherin Ingeborg Schimming-Assmuss who was accused of killing four prisoners at the camp and on the death march into Czechoslovakia. One article began “DEATH FORSTALLED the LAW.” “The [camp] called her ‘the Terrible Inge’- Inge Assmuss, earlier Schimming, one of 27 [female guards] inside the external bearing Helmbrechts.” She was hidden from prosecution by the state security service in Berlin for over fifty years. The first record of murder was done by Ingeborg, as well as the other female guards in Helmbrechts on February 24, 1945. She and the other overseers flogged a female inmate, Dr. Alexandra Samoylenko to death for escaping. The act was tolerated and ordered by camp commandant Alois Doerr. Another former prisoner related, “…on the first day after the march [began] an Aufseherin-she was called Inge-tore my completely weakened friend Bassia from my arms with a switch and dragged her into the forest. I heard a shot. Subsequently, the Aufseherin returned alone.” Two other inmates also related to Allied forces that the Aufseherin killed other internees. In 1951 a warrant was issued for Ingeborg’s arrest to the GDR. Authorities in East Berlin refused to hand over the former SS employee, saying that ‘she works for us.’
    In 1989 the Berlin Wall fell and Inge was still living in East Berlin, scarcely fifty meters from the former wall. In 1994 she was discovered living in Berlin-Pankow. In 1996 Ingeborg Schimming-Assmuss died, a free woman. The German government was in the process of prosecuting the former female guard, but as the title of the article stated, death stopped all proceedings. She was seventy-four years old

END

Holocaust; business and Hitler

02/02/2012
  • In his excellent introduction to this definitive American translation of “Mein Kampf,” Konrad Heiden writes: “For years Mein Kampf stood as proof of the blindness and complacency of the world. For in its pages Hitler announced — long before he came to power — a program of blood and terror in a self-revelation of such overwhelming frankness that few among its readers had the courage to believe it … That such a man could go so far toward realizing his ambitions, and — above all — could find millions of willing tools and helpers; that is a phenomenon the world will ponder for centuries to come.”

Jakob Wilhelm Hauer (Born 4 April 1881 in Ditzingen; d. February 18 , 1962 in Tübingen) was a German scholar and theologian. He taught at the University of Tübingen as Professor of religious studies and Indology. Hauer was the founder of the Covenant of the Köngener Youth Association as well as the Third Reich founder of the German faith movement. During the Third Reich he was member of various Nazi organizations.

NEW:
Google trans from deutsche wikipedia- Henriette Von Schirach

On the night of good Friday 1943 Henriette von Schirach at the Berghof spoke to Hitler on the Jewish deportations in the Netherlands. Goebbels in 1943 recorded in his diary that “the Schirachs only have discovered their sympathy after almost 60,000 Jews were as it were deported on their doorstep.”
1966 Speer confirmed in an interview that scene: “it was a gloomy mood then, you knew that something had occurred, but it was silent about, and as far as I know, that was also the reason that Henriette von Schirach and her husband of the ‘Court’ have been banned.”

In the film in IM toten Winkel – Hitlers Secretary, Traudl Junge describes this scene as it was been portrayed her from her husband: Henriette von Schirach “, yes a relatively sensitive position compared to Hitler had raised the question to the Fuehrer that it would be quite terrible to be treated as the Jews were in Amsterdam.” Then Hitler her angry advised not interfere in things, who does not understand it would have annoyed about “this sentimentality” and ordered her to leave the room. In response, the wife of Schirach was never again invited the Berghof.

http://www.albany.edu/jmmh/vol2no1/fatalattraction.html
source for that quote, BBC  “Every day, 10,000 of my best men die in the east, while the others go on living in the camps. That means, the biological balance in Europe is not right anymore.” Hitler to Henrietta von Schirach, source: Fatal attraction of Adolf Hitler, BBC.

  • Ley was aware in general terms of the Nazi regime’s program of extermination of the Jews of Europe and encouraged it through the virulent anti-Semitism of his publications and speeches. In February 1941 he was present at a meeting along with Speer, Bormann and Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel at which Hitler had set out his views on the “Jewish question” at some length, making it clear that he intended the “disappearance” of the Jews one way or another.[11]
  • Kershaw 2000, p. 350.Hitler, 1936–45: Nemesis. New York: W.W. Norton

  •  ===============================================================================

more names added to https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/01/auschwitz-part-3/

Material related to KZ Warsaw added below.
NEW: Wolfgang Plaul, KZ niederhagen, MIA
Schuepping, Erich ??
Hermann Michl (Michel?) dead during war.
Fritz Wiedemann (16 August 1891, Augsburg – 17 January 1970, Postmünster) was a German soldier and Nazi Party activist. He was the personal adjutant to Adolf Hitler, having served with him in World War I.[1 He saved the life of Ernst Hess, Hitler’s former commander.
Fritz Braune (* 18. Juli 1910 bei Mehrstedt; † nach 1973) war Mitarbeiter im Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) und Kommandeur eines Sonderkommandos der Einsatzgruppe C während der Invasion der Sowjetunion. RSHA and Einsatzcommando.
During World War II Müller in the German occupied Poland succeeded in March 1941 Josef Meisinger as Commander of the security police and security service (COS) Warsaw.[3] From July 1941 until September 1943 he was COS Lublin. On August 21, 1942, Odilo Globocnik, Müller in the presence of the Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler as one of his “best” men. Müller was promoted subsequently immediately because of his “role in the extermination of the Jews” by Himmler to SS – Obersturmbannführer.[4] Died in pretrial detention (de.wikipedia)
Constantin Canaris, known also as Constantine Canaris , (born November 8 1906 in Duisburg; died 1983) was a German jurist, Gestapobeamter and SSleaders. 20 years; released 1952.
=====
Lithuania:
Jurgis Bobelis died in Chicago, 1954.
19421944 , Chief of the Housing Board Chief, have been engaged and a lawyer. in 1944, withdrew to Germany. 1945 . Fronteno (Germany), Chairman of the Lithuanian Committee. 19471948 , Liudvigsburge u.s. troops in West Germany, the staff of the Chief of the translation section. in 1948 came to the United States. 19491953 , in Chicago, the President of the Union of Lithuanian army volunteer developers.[1]
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Hans Kramer, crimes in the east.
Arpad Wigand (* 13. Januar 1906 in Mannheim; † 26. Juli 1983ebenda) was an SS-Oberführer who served as the SS and Police Leader in Warsaw (SS-und Polizeiführer (SSPF)) from 4 August 1941 until 23 April 1943.As an aide to Erich von dem Bach Zelewski he first suggested the site of the former Polish artillery barracks in the Zasole suburb of Oswiecim for a concentration camp in January 1940. This site would evolve into the Auschwitz concentration camp.[1]In 1981 Wigand was found guilty in Hamburg for war crimes (Staatsanwaltschaft Hamburg, 147 Js 8/75), and sentenced to 12.5 years, he was represented by Neonazi lawyer Jürgen Rieger.The attitude of the Allies changed with receipt of the very detailed Vrba-Wetzler report, compiled by two Jewish prisoners, Rudolf Vrba and Alfréd Wetzler, who escaped on April 7, 1944, and which finally convinced Allied leaders of the truth about Auschwitz. Details from the Vrba-Wetzler report were broadcast on June 15, 1944 by the BBC, and on June 20 by The New York Times, causing the Allies to put pressure on the Hungarian government to stop the mass deportation of Jews to the camp.[61] wiki, auschwitz
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Gęsiówka, or Street geese.
Beginning in 1939, after the German occupation of Poland, it became a re-education camp of the German security police (Arbeitserziehungslager der Sicherheitspolizei Warschau). In 1943 it was turned into a concentration camp for inmates from beyond Warsaw and Poland, equipped with a gas chambers and crematoriums. The camp was joined with a nearby Pawiak prison and formed the backbone of the Warsaw concentration camp complex. Inmates (mostly Jews) included prisoners from Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, Hungary, Belgium and Germany.
The Nazi Pabst Plan of February 6, 1940: In connection with the German plans for a gradual reduction, and in fact the liquidation of the Polish capital, where in the left-bank Warsaw planned space for about 100 000 Herrenvolk, and they inhabit the right bank of Poles and Jews representing labor for the Germans, it was necessary foundation in the center of concentration camp Warschau.
It was designed by German architects Hubert Gross and Otto Nurnberger (no info).
Hubert Gross (* 15. April 1896 in Edenkoben; † 5. Februar 1992 in Augsburg) war ein deutscher Architekt und Baubeamter, Stadtbaurat in Würzburg und 1939/1940 Stadtplaner im besetzten Warschau.
Gustav Matthieu Helmut Otto, auch Helmuth Otto (* 15. März 1892 in Antwerpen; † 23. Juni 1974 in Waldbröl) war ein deutscher Mediziner, Jurist und Agrarwissenschaftler. Er bekleidete das Amt des Oberbürgermeisters von Solingen und Düsseldorf.[1].After the outbreak of World War II  Otto was the German occupied Poland Reichskommissar for Warsaw. From mid June 1940 to 1944, Otto was lead doctor of the Wehrmacht in Brussels and then until early May 1945 in Hamburg was MC.de.wikipedia
SS-Ustf. Erich von Reden
later responsible for currency, banking and insurance in the section III C 4 of the RSHA.
Richter, Herbert    SS – Hauptscharführer   Based on testimony by  Walter Piller in 1945. Aged  about 37, married, dark slightly grey hair. 172 centimeters tall,  long face, he had his own house in Poznan. His job was sorting confiscated  clothes and valuables, as well as standing in for the drivers of the gas-vans.  He was probably wounded in the battle for the Citadel in Poznan. b. 1908?
Theodor Friedrich Leiding, Nazi chemist, high up in KTI. No info?!
Friedrich Pabst, killed by Polish home army insurgents, Dec 1943.
They named the Pabst Plan after him.
The aim of the Nazi occupiers was to make “judenfrei free of” the General Government and to expel the Poland, so that the Germans could settle there. So, Governor General Frank in a speech said on 26 March 1941:
„[…] The leader has promised me that the General Government will be completely free of Jews in the near future. It is also clearly decided that the General Government in the future will be a German life. Where today 12 million Poland live, even four to five million Germans should live. “The Generalgouvernement must become a so German country such as the Rhineland […].”
district_warsaw, de.wikipedia
Reich Commissar for the consolidation of German nationhood .
Werner Lorenz (* 2. Oktober 1891 in Grünhof; † 13. März 1974 in Hamburg) war Leiter der Volksdeutschen Mittelstelle, SS-Obergruppenführer, General der Waffen-SS und Polizei und verurteilter Kriegsverbrecher.
[Christian name ?]_ Schwarzenberg was arrested on May 2, 1945 by the advancing allies.[5] In the RuSHA trial, one of the twelve Nuremberg follow-up processes, in which Hans Gawlik as the main defenders and Gerhard Klinnert as his assistant defended him, was accused Schwarzenberg 1947 crimes (1), (2) crimes against humanity and (3) membership in a criminal organization. On the first two counts, he was acquitted and found to be only in the third point guilty on March 10, 1948.[4] As punishment was set his remand in custody since internment  so that he was released after sentencing.[5]
Heinrich Friedrich Wiepking Urgensman (Born March 23 1891 in Hannover; † 17 June 1973 in Osnabrück, Germany) was a German landscape architect and Professor. He used the name “Urgensman”, which was based on his wife Helene Urgensmen, only until 1945
Konrad Meyer, also Konrad Meyer-Hetling, (born 15 may1901 in Salzderhelden in Einbeck; d. April 25 , 1973 –) was a Germanagricultural scientist. As a professor at the University of Berlin, he determined the content of agricultural University studies and the organisation of agriculture research in Germany between 1933 and 1945 prevail. During World War II, he was mainly responsible for plans for the restructuring of rural areas in Eastern Europe as an SS-Oberführer. in 1948, he by a US military court in the process of race and settlement main Office of the SS was indicted, but then released. From 1956 to 1968, he taught as  Professor of regional planning and regional planning at the University of Hanover.
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The decision on the Holocaust

 from source: google trans, de.wikipedia, Holocaust. Sorry for the bad translation but it is worth researching.
—-
The Nazi regime made few decisions as possible to Nazi crimes set down in writing, they are treated as top secret affair and left many records destroyed, because the decision makers size and scope of these crimes were clear. ] Written documents have been served many subsequent legitimation, sat thus requires informal decisions and may be accompanied by further oral instructions to be. [23]

Hitler’s speeches were indeed deliberately wide, ambiguous and veiling, but worked as a guide for a number of measures dealing with the Jews, Nazi authorities, who came to meet the “leaders will” and then turn absegnete Hitler. January 1939, he was threatened at the Reichstag, the “annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe” in the case of a new world war. . Whether this was intended as a result of deportation or direct intent to kill, he left open, an extermination plan did not exist. In this speech, he came back often during the Holocaust, alone, four times each in 1941 and 1942, and pointed to his execution: “The Jews who once laughed at my prophecies in Germany. […] Von denen, die damals lachten, lachen heute Unzählige nicht mehr …“ [24] […] Of those who laughed then laugh today Countless no longer … ” [24]

A written order from Hitler Holocaust was not found and probably does not exist. [25] Several written and verbal orders from Hitler to destroy individual steps are occupied. He had in October 1939, the Aktion T 4 , and ordered the decree written in the first September 1939, the beginning of the Polish campaign, backdatedHe understood the culling “worthless life” to the “purity of Aryan blood” that is, as part of its war. The decree legitimized the killings secret hospital prepared to avoid a public euthanasia law and to dispel fears of doctors involved in criminal consequences. After church, despite the secrecy had become loud protests, Hitler had the Aktion T 4 on 24 August 1941 set, but the patient continued killings in the occupied areas of Eastern Europe. . This was, according to Historian Karl Schleunes reckoned with, not to undermine domestic political support for his policies in order to carry out the racist destruction unhindered. [26] This attitude was also determined his actions during the Holocaust. [26]

From February 1941 planned the Nazi regime with the SS and Wehrmacht generals of the war of extermination against the Soviet Union. Mass killings were discussed at various meetings. March, Hitler, the OKW directives, together with the SS and police in order to eliminate the “Jewish-Bolshevik” intelligence. As in Poland in 1939 should the first elites in government, party and army will be decimated.
The ordered by Hitler’s war court decree of the High Command of 13 Mai 1941  allowed the Wehrmacht soldiers, civilians suspected of resistance to shoot immediately, without fear of military prosecution must. . Hitler’s Commissar Order of 6 Juni 1941 ordered weed out prisoners of war the Red Army political officers and shoot them immediately. Added to this was the calculus hunger , feed the German troops on the ground and to deliver millions of Soviet civilians from starvation. [27] These commands and plans related to Jews, mainly because they were identified with troublemakers and “Bolsheviks” and lived primarily in urban areas. [27]

In May 1941, Heydrich was on Hitler’s four mobile ” Einsatzgruppen of the Security Police and SD “position (A to D) and form in a few weeks. . As of July came several task forces “for special purposes” (Special Duty) was added. Their official mission was to combat guerrilla groups behind the advancing troops of the army by “reprisals”, ie massacres in retaliation for alleged or actual attacks on German soldiers. . The high command of the army allowed them to an agreement independent approach and told them both to close co-operation. [28] There were also several battalions of Order Police and two brigades of the Waffen SS under the ” command staff Reichsführer-SS “without any particular task. The directly subordinate to Himmler three Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) Erich von dem Bach-Zalewski , Jeckeln, Friedrich and Hans-Adolf Priitzmann steered and coordinated the killing operations of all these groups. [29][these names appear on other pages.]

Himmler had the HSSPF on 21 May writing a “special order of the Führer” subordinate to carry out his “special instructions” in the occupied territories in the future.
On 17 June 1941 Heydrich verbally claimed, in Berlin,  “self cleaning” – pogroms against Jews and Communists initiate soon in the occupied territories . In his operational orders of 29 June 1941, he reminded them . On 2  July, he listed them on the groups that they should kill as ordered. He added explicit “Jews in party and government positions” and allowed the perpetrators to deliberately vague terms to expand the categories of victims . More Commands from the RSHA required by the Army to surrender all Jewish prisoners of war by the SS. ] Accordingly, the addressee was no general massacre of Jews in pre-command of the Reich Chancellery. [30]
 On 31. July 1941 Hitler transferred at Himmler’s urging the leadership of SS, police and SD in the East. [31] Himmler intensified the task forces by the end of 3000 to 33,000 men, which he included in the alternative voluntary inhabitants of the occupied territories. [32] On 31. July gave Hermann Goering , Heydrich the assignment to “total design” for a “total solution to the Jewish question” to create.
The text was in the Reich Security Main Office drafted and submitted for signature only Goering, should start running authorize plans. [33] Hitler ordered the use of group leaders by radio on 1 August, constantly to report to him on their findings.
After matching the later statements of involved commanders ordered Jeckeln them in August to expand the executions of women and children, “to give rise to no avenger.” On 15 August listed a task force report for the first time on “Jews, Jewesses and Jewish children” as a murder victim. End of August, Einsatzgruppe D reported their area of operations was now “free of Jews”.
The same time, now, all the Jews in the occupied territories be placed in ghettos and registration of the registered Jews were all soon shot out [34] Task Force director Otto Bradfisch According to Himmler replied to his demand in the presence of all shooters in a mass shooting in Minsk : There exists a “Hitler’s order on the execution of all Jews,” have the force of law. . [36] According to Friedrich Jeckeln commissioned Himmler him before the “Riga Bloody Sunday” (30 November 1941), Hinrich Lohse reported:. “… it is my command, which is also the leader’s desire” [35] This post-war statements on August generalized.
End of August had come to a halt the German advance. Hitler September 1941 against its previous intention to deport the German Jews during the war to the east. October Himmler suggested to him, to “shift” in the ghettos of Riga, Tallinn and Minsk. Heydrich reiterated on 10 25. October in the RSHA Hitler’s goal of the German Empire by the end of “free of Jews” to make, and called next to ghettos and concentration camps as a newly-built destinations. Viktor Brack offered on 25 Oktober to gas  disabled Jews from the ghettos in the east with his euthanasia equipment. ] November, the SS began the extermination camp at Belzec to build, which should serve to empty overcrowded ghettos. [37]

During these weeks, accumulated and increased Hitler’s internal hateful statements about Jews, which he described as “enemy of the world” looked after all the belligerent powers against Germany. The “elimination” of the Jews was a condition of any positive change in the occupied or allied countries, otherwise they will destructively through miscegenation impacts. Am 25. October, he said: “If we eradicate this pest, we perform an act of humanity, of their importance to our men out there may still have no conception.” On he recalled the Nazi leaders at his “prophecy” of 30 Januar 1939: „: “It is good if the terror goes before us, that we exterminate the Jews.” [38]

12 December 1941, a day after his declaration of war against the United States , Hitler declared the meeting in the Chancellery to the Gauleiters: Since the world war had now entered, he had “the necessary consequence of” the extermination of the Jews. Heydrich’s was the most important ministry by citing Goering’s order for the Wannsee Conference on 11 December changed to the 20th Januar 1942 was postponed because Hitler declared war on the USA  .
Wannsee Conference: they discussed the further organization of the ongoing Holocaust. According to the only remaining conference proceedings were 11 million Jews in Europe provided for deportation.. All major Nazi-controlled areas should contribute to it, all participants agreed on the implementation. ] Heydrich’s “Jewish Affairs” Adolf Eichmann , organizer and secretary of the Conference, confirmed in 1961 in statements during his detention in Israel , Heydrich had informed him a few days before the meeting personally and literally: “The Führer has ordered the physical extermination of the Jews.” [39 ] In the Eichmann trial , he also confirmed that the code language of the minutes said: “There was talk of killing and elimination and annihilation.” [40]

Himmler invoked in diary entries and in his Posen speech against Nazi perpetrators of October 1943 more on Hitler’s personal order for the “extermination” of Jews. According to Himmler’s personal physician, Felix Kersten , he should have won this contract in the spring of 1941. [41]

Because of the gradient and the resulting documents are historians believe that Hitler and the Nazi Holocaust, the top representatives not decided on a single date, but for a long time, planned and anordneten. Some believe that the intent of the Nazi leaders to destroy all Soviet Jews, was already established in the spring of 1941 and the Einsatzgruppen were then gradually introduced to the task Most assume that it was decided only after the start of the systematic murder of European Jews and the deportation and murder. Key question is whether this decision was followed by the German victories in July or the failures in late August. Many believe that the months of September and October 1941 for the most likely decision period.  Some see Hitler’s speech on 12 December 1941 as a landmark decision on the Holocaust. 42] Others believe that there was no express order by Hitler to the “Final Solution” and widened the Nazi perpetrators of local groups in close interaction with the central authorities of the victim groups. [42]

The Einsatzgruppen shot on 24 June 1941, two days after the attack on the Soviet Union, Gargždai the first time the adult male Jews the village. [43] In the first six weeks followed by mass killings of hundreds to thousands of people every time.
Starting in July and anti-communist militias in north-eastern Poland, western Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus, in close cooperation with German Einsatzgruppen and Wehrmacht pogrom-like mass murder of Jewish men, they in revenge for previous, allegedly by Jewish-controlled mass murders of the NKVD justified. . These militias were about the group ” Iron Wolf “in Lithuania and the” Donnerkreuzler “in Latvia, also in Ukraine, there were several such groups. [45] Since the spring of 1941 had the RSHA and the German military intelligence established contacts with them and planned to use them after the attack as the cause of pogroms against “Jewish Bolsheviks”. [44] This wave of murders fell victim 40,000 Soviet Jews . [45]In 1941 July in Jelgava for the first time all the Jews were  murdered in the village.
[end of trans. ]

===========

From de.wikipedia:In December 1942, used the British newspaper News Chronicle even without knowledge of the Nazi extermination methods, the first word of Adolf Hitler’s extermination plan against the Jews.

Business and the Holocaust : Business Association to promote the spiritual forces of reconstruction  The trade association for the promotion of mental reconstruction forces in 1919 in response to the November revolution of representatives of the German National People’s Party founded and was the parent company of the Group  20. February 1933 in part, in which the fund industry a choice of 3 million marks for the Nazi Party decided.

Alfred Hugenberg , 1909-1918 Chairman of the Board of Finance of the Friedrich Krupp AG and from 1918 media entrepreneur ( Hugenberg Group ) •Emil Kirdorf , , Industrial • ) Hans von and zu Loewenstein (Managing Director of the Mining Association ) • Eugene Wiskott (Deputy Chairman of the Mining Association ) • Ludwig Bernhard , Louis Bernard , an economist and university professor • Leo Wegener , Direktor des Provinzialverbandes der Raiffeisen-Genossenschaften in Posen  • Albert Vogler , United Steel Works Ltd, RWE, the Presiding Board of the National Federation of German Industries, co-founder of the German People’s Party 1919 •  Rudolf Mann (Hugenberg’s aide) • John Neumann (Lübeck senator, member of the leadership of the Pan-German League ) • s) Hermann Winkhaus (Director General of the Cologne-New Sener mining association) • ) Franz Heinrich Witthoefft (Chairman of the Commerzbank ) • ) John Becker (Reich Minister of Economics)

The top management of Allianz AG, represented by directors Kurt Schmitt and Eduard Hilgard , introduced a policy of rapprochement with the Nazis even before the ” takeover “cause.  Already in October 1930, the connection was to Hermann Goering added. . These contacts were perceived by attending business meetings and private financial debt by the regulations. Heinrich Brüning and Franz von Papen tried unsuccessfully to win Schmitt for a minister.

Franz Heinrich Witthoefft (* November 19 1863 at Kirchwerder ; † July 6 1941 Lütjensee in office Trittau ) was a big businessman and senator in Hamburg, In November 1932 he was among the signatories of an input of industrialists and bankers to Paul von Hindenburg , the Chancellor Hitler demanded.  . In 1932 he was a member of the Keppler Circle .

Albert Vogler (* February 8 1877 at Borbeck , † April 14 1945 in Herdecke – end ) was a German politician, entrepreneur and CEO of the then second largest steel company in the world, United Steel Works .

Hans Louis Ferdinand von Lowenstein (* January 9 1874 in Hannover , † February 14 1959 in Zurich In 1931 he became a member of the Society for the Study of Fascism , as a link between conservative circles and the NSDAP functioned. 20 February 1933 in part.

Cornelis van Geelkerken [dutch]

Gerardus Leonardus Mooyman (* 23. September 1923 in Apeldoorn, Niederlande; † 21. Juni 1987 bei Anloo) war ein niederländischer Freiwilliger im Dienst der Waffen-SS. In August 1943, he was educated in a SS-Junkerschule officer. In the spring of 1944, he returned to the eastern front. Now promoted to the Untersturmführer he was captured on 4 May 1945 American prisoner of war. In 1946 Mooyman was sentenced as a collaborator to prison six years, in August 1949, he was already released. An inconspicuous entrepreneur and family man, he lived after his release in Groningen. in 1967 he entered again appearance, when he gave an interview to the magazine “Revu”. In this article, he condemned NAZI crimes and admitted his involvement. “I have made an error,” said Mooyman. He was a receiver of his Knight’s cross.He was killed by a road accident in Anloo.

Martin Kohlroser (* 8. Januar 1905 in München; † 14. November 1967 ebendort) SS leader.

——

Nikolaus Herbet (* 20. März 1889) war ein deutscher KZ-Kommandant im KZ Warschau im Zeitraum von September 1943 bis etwa Juli 1944. fate unknown, kz warsaw
Schultz & Co GmbH“
Max Horn (* 12. Mai 1904 in Stuttgart; † 24. Oktober 1989 in Ulm) During Nazi Germany in the General Government, was Managing Director of Eastern industrial GmbH and founded a company after the war.[associated with the SS in Poland). Horn became the SS company “Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für food and catering” in Feldberg. Shortly before the end of the war Max Horn, was now deployed, in the rank of a SS Hauptsturmführers as Commander of a battalion of the alarm.
Max Horn went into Soviet captivity. After his release, he was classified in 1950 in the Denazification process as “Follower”. He soon became self-employed as a certified public accountant and tax consultant, and founded an own accounting firm in 1966. In prestigious journals, he published over 650 articles. To honor his 70 birthday a Festschrift was dedicated to him. Horn appeared in different NS proceedings as a witness, was however never even as a defendant in court.
——
Hans Ernst Schneider (15 December 1909 — 18 December 1999), was a German professor of literature under his alias Hans Schwerte. His real identity as a former SS officer was revealed in April 1995.

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Man who advised SS to expand Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. Other nazis.

02/02/2012
Man who advised SS to expand Auschwitz-Birkenau camp.
NEW*Letter from Kammler authorizing building of Auschwitz and Majdanek:
source: http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/ar/sporrenberg.html
Franz Romeikat (born October 7, 1904, date of death unknown) was an SS-Unterscharführer and staff member at Auschwitz concentration camp. He was prosecuted in the Auschwitz Trial.released during the 1950’s.
——

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gerret_Korsemann

Gerret Korsemann (* 8. Juni 1895 in Nebel (Amrum); † 16. Juli 1958 in München) war ein deutscher SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei.

After the outbreak of World War II, he was commander of the Ordnungspolizei in Lublin in the German occupied Poland in 1940. In August 1941, he became SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor der Polizei and in the Soviet Union as higher SS and police leader (HSSPF) for special use (from 1 September 1941, intended for the Caucasus). in 1941 he was instrumental in the Organization of the mass shootings of 17,000 Jews of Rovno, where he was SS and police leader (SSPF) of 1 August 1941 until January 1, 1942. Early in 1942 he was responsible for the murder of around 12,000 Jews from Kharkov.It is also [3] suggested that he was involved in the killing of over **33,000 Kiev Jews in Babi Yar (29 and 30 September 1941).[4] In July 1942 he was SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei. From mid-1942, he was title of the Caucasus (title “Rostov Avdiyivka”). After the withdrawal from the Caucasus, he served from March 24 to 5 July 1943 Deputy HSSPF for Russia middle in Mahilyow. At the same time, accusations against him came up in the summer of 1943 within the SS, cowardly he would behave during the retreat from the Caucasus. Corsican men wrote to his superior, field marshal Ewald von Kleist, to ask for a letter of discharge. Turned a senior SS officer to discharge to a Wehrmacht commander, Heinrich Himmler was “criminal shifted” so much that he demoted Korsemen and the Waffen-SS.[5] From January 1944 until the war’s end he was a Hauptsturmführer in the Waffen-SS in the front. He led a company of the 3rd SS Panzer Division “Totenkopf”.After the war he was on Poland delivered, accused before a Polish court and sentenced to 18 months in prison in 1947.[6] in 1949, he was released from prison and lived undisturbed in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Fritz Arlt (Born April 12 Niedercunnersdorf, 1912 [1]; died April 21 2004 in Germany) was involved in Poland as a German Nazi functionary in leading role in ethnic cleansing , head of volunteer station East, head of the refugee control centre and employer association official in youth training centres.[2]
 de.wikipedia, Arlt, google translation.Arlt in1932 joined the NSDAP (Mitgliedsnr. 1.376.685)[4] , and – together with Helmut Schelsky – the SA . The transfer of power to the Nazi party, as a student, ran a relegation proceedings brought by the police against whom, due to a SA Brawl, experienced Arlt (Nazi party representation: he “was on the overthrow of the auxiliary police ready for Captain rust on.”). The relegation procedure was discontinued in April 1933. Arlt studied with Arnold Gehlen in Leipzig, he received his doctorate in 1936 this and Otto RECHE. Arlt studied here in a generation of students, which should form the future elite in the Reich Security main office.Arlt was unpaid employees of the Berlin Office founded in this year (RPA) [5]in December 1934.

  • 1933 Chairman of the Studentenwerk.[3]
  • 1934 Head of Kreisamtes for racial and population policy of the District of Leipzig. Beginning of the surveys on the population structure of the Jews in Leipzig, his doctoral thesis from 1935-36.[3]

To his circle of friends included Hans-Joachim Schoeps, Joachim WACH and Fritz Borinski – so a later self statement-.[3]

1936 with “Volksbiologischen studies” to the SD [Edit]

1936 Arlt Castle “Volksbiologische studies” in Leipzig from. Arlts was a detailed breakdown of the distribution of residence of people who had given in the census of 1933 they were Jewish faith, as well as those who ordered a part of the “Jewish race” Arlt due to further investigations. Data of these people registered Arlt on index cards and was the residence concentration of georeferencing found by him – a procedure which allowed a selection of data of the individual and on the SD as a model for Eichmann task was recorded (a discussions with the SD is documented in the following):

“Dr Arlt’s old PG.” He has excellent knowledge of Judaism. While he has his time in Leipzig all full, Dreiviertel-, half , and quarter-Jews captured karteimäßig categorically. This work has carried on its own initiative Dr Arlt. He intends to build up the same file first for Upper Silesia and finally all over Silesia and asked for the support of s.d.. (…) Dr Arlt offered rhymes to teach some SD members. (…) The Refererent II 112 of SD-OA South East has already started in touch at the 3.7.36 with Dr Arlt. “A direct debate with the head of Department II 112 in Berlin is considered to be appropriate.”[6]

In August 1936, Arlt moved after graduating from Leipzig to Wrocław; in the local RPA, he became head of Office and district training manager in the University of Breslau was Arlt of lecturer for “Ethnography“. He was appointed there on a proposal by Martin Staemmler as its representative in the District Office for racial and population. In addition to family policy and racist propaganda, he carried out special orders for the oberpräsident Wagner in border policy.[3]

Arlt published an anti-Semitic magazine, which was later acquired by the high school of the Nazi party by the Technical Director, Kurt Wagner later, his racist theories among other things in the world.

1937  in the senior management of the higher SS and police leader

the Polish-speaking Arlt in the SS was discontinued in 1937, where he worked in the command staff of the higher SS and police leader (HSSPF) Upper Silesia. At the same time began his collaboration with the Department Canaris.[3]

Information for a possible war against Poland is gathered at the SD from 1937. A special investigation book Poland, which roughly included 61,000 names of Polish intelligence , was laid. Franz Six built up in the District II the Zentralstelle II P (Poland). Before the establishment of the Central Office II P (Poland) of the SD had made Herbert Hagen thoughts about “Connectivity to Poland” and noted, “that it comes to it, to know people that can give accurate information about the complete collection of Judaism in Poland in Poland”.[7]

“Race, people and heritage in Silesia”

Early 1938 the Gauleiter complained Silesia Josef Wagner at the Reich Ministry for science, education and national education, that the racial composition of Silesia in popular and half-scientific depictions often wrong is: Silesia “Nordic”, not “ostisch”, this is scientifically proven by studies Egon Freiherr von Eickstedts and his staff. He demanded to stop such representations in the future. Fritz Arlt was responsible for further information.

The Reich Ministry commissioned the publication information in Berlin Dahlem in cooperation with the North Eastern German Research Foundation (NODFG), who were responsible for the control of scientific publications in the field of Eastern research , to make knowledgeable. Johannes Papritz of publication information asked by Rassenkundlern such as Otto RECHE [[ http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_Reche
head of the Anthropological Institute of the University of Vienna. Race-and blood research.
racial hygiene journal of the “National Committee for Public Health Service “and the” German Society for Racial Hygiene, d. 1966]]
[[Albert Brackmann d. 1952. Brackmann applies in today’s history in relation to the Nazi regime as a “highest ranking German historian” (Wolfgang J. Mommsen)
his students like Hermann Aubin, Walter Kuhn and Erich Keyser in good hands. Year of his death published Hermann Aubin and Erich Keyser, the first volume of “Journal of Research on the East”]
and Fritz Lenz and Hermann Aubin to the Wroclaw’s representative of NODFG, to assess the Silesian investigation. Arlt had in 1938 together with Heinrich Tewes a book series “People, race, heritage value” in Silesia started later but along with Tewes to the publication of the Eickstedtschen Silesia investigation: “Race, people, heritage in Silesia” involved and probably also practical and organizational support provided.
The assessment turned out negative due to personal animosity towards Eickstedt and legitimate methodological criticisms that contributed mainly Lenz, but also Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer . The Reich Ministry disguised its source and added in a statement of the “representative for the entire intellectual and ideological training of the Nazi party”. Arlt was forced 1943 by Fritz Bracht d. 1945 on orders from Berlin by Wagner’s successor to withdraw from the project.
Fritz Bracht, d. 1945
To the district of Bracht were the three concentration camps in Auschwitz. Was placed in his villa in Katowice Himmler’s host, as these on 16 and 17 July 1942, the concentration camps visited. Bracht and Himmler took on 17 July 1942 in the concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau, the killing of a shipment of Jews arrived just in part. They were kept in the selection of able-bodied, in the gasification and the evacuation of the gas chamber there. [1] Bracht and Himmler on in the concentration camp Auschwitz-Monowitz. [2] In advance of the Red Army issued Bracht, in his capacity as Reich Defense Commissioner on 21 December 1944 guidelines for the evacuation of detainees and prisoners of war. Using these guidelines, the death marches were organized, where the SS drove prisoners of concentration camps to the west. [3]

A censorship or a withdrawal of the book series was deemed as necessary also because Martin Staemmler , SA man, later father of German Sociology — which had made strong for them. Thus, the censorship attempt to the Ethnography of Silesia, the group around Arlt attempted failed by official and parteiamtliche decrees.[9]

This South-Western investigation, which integrated including the name index of church books by the NSLB, is the counterpart to Arlts Ethnography to “Blooded”.

1938 “Volksbiologische studies”, guide to the mass deportation

in 1938 Arlt became  District Officer of RPAs in the Gau of Silesia. In the same year were Arlts “Volksbiologische studies” published. In these, he proposed to expel the Leipzig Jews as foreigners and according to their places of origin in Poland to deport.

The approach proposed by Arlt was executed in 1938 en masse in an interaction by German and Polish Government by deportations . The response time of the Polish Government in the context of this first mass deportations of 1938 made it clear that the Government of Poland had selectable – rolling census data from 1931 – religion and mother tongue.

In the evening of 29 October 1938, the Polish Government had arranged to deport German citizens of Poznań and Pomerelia . The German Government argued that the expulsion of Arians would exacerbate the clash, which the Polish Government pushed off only Jewish Germans.

Reich gaue and General Government in June 1941

1939 “Population management and care” in the General Government

In August 1939, Arlt in Breslau drew up the so-called Jewish history, for which he has committed the Jewish, deported later to Auschwitz and murdered historian Willy Cohn by subpoena and made its knowledge advantage. He requisitioned relevant books “against Word of honour” from his extensive library.[10]

Arlt took part in the attack on Poland when a battalion of BRZEG.[8] In the attack on Poland confiscated the SD of the data of the census in the University of Warsaw. In October 1939, Arlt head of “Population management and care” under the occupation regime of the Governor General of Poland, Hans Frank was.

From the Warthegau 15,000 Poland in the General Government were deported with the decisive participation of Arthur Greiser in the spring of 1940 monthly. In a film for the BBC[11] , Arlt 1997 expressed in the 31 minute of the 48: 20 minute movie to the victims of these deportations, which were under his responsibility as head of Department of “Population management and care” in the General Government after their arrival:

30: 49 Fritz Arlt: night after night came Evakuiertenzüge, the the so-called resettlement Office, whose Chief Mr Eichmann was in the General Government people were kicked out from the trains, whether in the market place, at the station, where there was any where, and it cared nobody.
31: 13 So so we got a phone call from the district captain, which is about the Governor. He said, now, I no longer know what I should do.
There are again so and so many therefore come I have neither home, nor to food, or otherwise something.
32: 25 When I think of Frank, so I have to say: was a tragic-comic figure. The Frank was a highly intelligent young man, was a good musician, pianist. Mr. Frank was one that placed a very high value on presentation and representation. Why man mocking way called the King of Poland.
35: 12 Dr. Fritz Arlt: helped in dealing with the problem of not willing to umsiedlung Baltic Germans
35: 19 In our interview with him stressed Dr Arlt, that he wanted to help the occupied population.
35: 29 But this letter about the ethnic German farmers shows a different character from Arlt.
35: 43 He has the character of dictation A for Arlt, we reminded him of the existence of this letter.
35: 49 Yes what should I also still questions you!
The letter led to a ring leader (military economic leader) were sent the ethnically German in a German concentration camp 35: 55.
36: 03 Question: but what was for you now a concentration camp?, if they say the mailing should be in a concentration camp?
36: 09 Arlt: What was a concentration camp for me? A warehouse for humans, who somehow dangerous are to the social order and have been concentrated there.
36: 35 Question: you Empfanden at the time that this perhaps is a harsh penalty?
36: 39 Arlt: You excuse that knew the people that which had so probably expect.
Arlt: I know not, I’ve never been warehouse manager.
36: 58 Speakers: Dr Arlt entered the 1932 the Nazi party, ashamed he today in the Nazi party to have been?
36: 59 Arlt: Am I not ashamed, that I became a Nazi, but I definitely went with an absolute reflection of the situation analysis out to.

The medical and nursing homes, elderly and ill patients were murdered in which, for example, the sick of the psychiatric institution Chelm on 12 January 1940 were under the Division “Population resources and care”.[12]

In July 1940, Arlt in the “Volkspolitischen information service issued by him” the Government of the General Government, internal management “Population management and care” attested (Cracow 1940) overview of the conditions of the population in the General Government and the occupied territory overpopulation: the area of the General Government was less than one-fifth of good arable land, rich population density but with 126 people per square kilometre almost to that of the German Empire used. “This is too much in terms of the natural resources of soil, as well as in terms of its industrial processing and creation.” (…) “The General Government is an übervölkertes area” (p. 20). “The Bevölkerungskundler know from history and the practical population policy three ways to solve the problem of overpopulation”, Arlt went on: the first possibility is that the “Decimation of the number of people through migration on time (Saisonwanderung)”. This was done through mass roundup of forced laborers for the German defence and agriculture. The second “solution” is called the “final emigration”Arlt. These, Arlt, Castle is however not possible by the war.

On the third solution, the physical destruction, Arlt pointed in the form of reflections. They concerned the increase in the mortality of the most vulnerable victims of the Nazi regime, the infants and over 65 years of age, and the “Number of itself life poor, the infirm and the sick in the other layers of the age” (p. 9). Arlt described them as “the subject most the the extinction process layers”[13] Arlt-Director of the Central Institute for research was later in Upper Silesia and is also head of the Branch Office of Upper Silesia in the Reich Commissar for the consolidation of German nationhood.

Arlt was transferred by the Wehrmacht in 1940 in the SS.[8]

In preparation for the 22 June 1941: the “volunteer station East”

The head of SS head, Gottlob Berger[14] commissioned his friend Fritz Arlt to form “Volunteer station East”.

[15] Foreign volunteers of the Waffen-SS from Eastern Europe non-Russian battle units in the armed forces were combined in “Volunteer station East”. * Reiner Olzscha,und Obersturmbannführer im Amt D 3 des SS-Hauptamtes, is still known from this team Julius and military leader in the D 3 of SS headbecause he has operated well journalistically.[16] He was responsible for Muslim soldiers of the SS and fled so at the end of the war together with his ideological leader, Mufti, in the West.[17]
Olzscha Reiner (born July 26 1912 , died.?) – German physician, writer, explorer, member of the SS , head of the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Turkestan , while the commander of the Combat SS Wschodniotureckiego Association at the end of World War II After the war he was arrested in the area of Saxony by the NKVD . His further fate is unknown.

Upper Silesian Land Research Institute

1941 Arlt built up, after he through Bracht when Stabsfüher of B.d.R.RFSS/RKF was acquired, the Hauptamt Volkstum issues, school and education, as well as the Upper Silesian Research Institute.[8]

Retreat to the front [Edit]

1943, Arlt was intrigue in the Nazi party and the German Ethnography victim according to its own. He volunteered to the troop, was trained to assault guns and took part in the battles of the SS-Panzer Division “Das Reich” . He was wounded in 1944 and took over control of the Volunteer Center East (for the Balts, Ukrainians, Weißruthenen, Cossacks) of the SS. When the war ended he was taken prisoner with a Ukrainian volunteer unit.[8]

After 1 October 1944: the “refugee control centre”

Thankfully, Berger was the organizational creator of the Waffen-SS; Berger was appointed in addition to its already diverse functions on 1 October 1944 by Heinrich Himmler as head of the war prison system. In this role, Berger had allowed in April 1945 that American prisoners were supplied by food convoys under Ernst-Robert Grawitz of the German Red Cross . “Volunteer station East” became the “refugee control centre”.

In November 1944, SS – Obersturmbannführer was nominated for promotion to Standartenführer by his superiors, SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the police of Ernst Heinrich Schmauser,dead 1945. End January 1945 but became the application for transport, since he was still too young, rejected. In January 1945 was the 14th Waffen grenadier Division of the SS (Galician) as 1. newly-formed Ukrainian Division of the Ukrainian national army , a formality which took place only on paper (but later saved the lives of the soldiers). There came the Division in British captivity in May 1945. In contrast to most other Eastern European voluntary associations, their loved ones for the most part not to the Soviet Union were delivered, but were allowed to emigrate to Canada and Australia.

in 1945, the “German Red Cross” was largely dissolved by the occupying forces, in the French and the Soviet occupation zone, the DRC was prohibited. In the new application to the Central Committee of the national Red Cross societies of 26 June 1952, the fact was described as follows: “these in 1921 under the name of ‘ German Red Cross ‘ founded national company, which extended its activities to the whole of the German region, was dissolved in the course of the summer of 1945 by a decision of the occupation authority.”.[18]

After 1945

Arlt was founded in 1949 in Munich as a so-called “followersentnazifiziert; previously, he had drawn up studies on ostpolitische relations of the Germans and the psychological warfare for the Americans.[19]

After 1945 Arlt contributed with his friend Schelsky and Wagner to build the Search service of the German Red Cross . From 1954 to 1957, Arlt headed the Department “Education and socio-political questions” at the Institute of the German economy in Cologne. He was also member of the Executive Board of the Federal Association of German employer associations.[19]

The State German-French Youth Office (DFJW) elected him a Deputy member of the Board of Trustees; in January 1966, he resigned from the Panel after public pressure.[20]

With the last Minister for intra-German relations, Dorothee Wilms, Arlt published four books on the social and economic policy.

From 1972 to 1978, Arlt was active as a freelance management consultant.[19]
——-
more On Arlt:
In the Generalgouvernement Arlt was engaged in “evacuating“ the jews. In November 1940 he proposed the enlargement of the  KZ Auschwitz.
After the WW II Arlt was Leiter des Suchdienstes des  Deutschen Roten Kreuzes.

Richard Hartmann (born June 8, 1881 in Neunkirchen; – 5 February 1965) was a German orientalist. He published work on the Arabic and Islamic studies, of which many in her review (ZDMG) published the Deutsche Morgenländische Gesellschaft (DMG).

The Mullah-Schule Dresden [edit]
Hartmann was 1944 together with his student Bertold Spuler of the contact of the SS for **Islamic religious courses, which should make religious “firm” fighters of the Nazis against the Soviets from Soviet prisoners of war
past over. The degree of “voluntary” in the overflow is controversial. The taught spoolers (as a non-Muslim). The two orientalists acted within the framework of a “consortium of Turkestan” of the SS Division ‘Islam’ (there were other divisions, such as geography;) Agriculture and climate; (among others.) After the war, the leader involved Obersturmbannführer Reiner Olzscha has reported extensively. One of the protagonists in this training by field mullahs was the ***Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Amin al-Husayni, who wanted to realize his pan Islamic ideas. His friend Gottlob Berger was the institutional protection [4]. The project proved in Olzschas perspective to the war flop; the “students” to the box Mullah had want to express himself especially the hard conditions in the prison or before a direct NAZI combat mission; they were mostly non and looked through the “theater”. After the bombing of Dresden, seat of the Mullah school and AG, a part of them disappeared, another marodierte until the remaining 20 men eventually were evacuated to Munich, where they formed the nucleus of an active group of “Muslim displaced persons” under the protection of the local State Government after 1945.[5]
Bertold Spuler (born December 5, 1911 in Karlsruhe; died March 6, 1990 in Hamburg) was a German orientalist.Spuler was appointed a full Professor of Semitic philology and Islamic studies at the University of Munich in 1943.[1] Spuler joined later as head of the Islam Institute of the Georg-August University of Göttingen, where he taught Muslim Legion, mostly Soviet prisoners of war, during the Imam-time from June 1944 initially in 14 days, later then 3-4 months long or Mullah courses in religious knowledge and in the Ritualistik of Islam, in order to attract them to so-called box mullahs.[2] In addition, spoolers of the head of the “History” in the Association of Turkestan, a RSHA creation within the DMG was.[3]

After the second world war, he took over the Chair of Islamic studies at the Department of history and culture of the Near East of the University of Hamburg in 1948 by Rudolf Strothmann and was founder of scientific discipline of Egyptology at the University of Hamburg [4], as well as editor of the Handbook of Oriental Studies (Handbook of Oriental Studies).
Muslims and SS:
In addition to an Imam school opened on the 21.04.1944 in Guben (Mufti papers: 212,213), there was a SS-Mullah school founded at the behest of the SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler from November 1944 in Dresden specifically for so-called “Russlandtürken”, so Muslims from the region of the USSR, who served in the SS (j. Hoffmann: 142). These were organized specifically in the “Eastern Turkish arms Association” and in the “Caucasian weapons of” within the SS.
This device was a previously existing “Arbeitsgemeinschaft Turkestan e.V.”. This association was founded in January 1944 in the context of the “German Oriental Society (DMG)”. The Association had said more precisely one two addresses in Berlin and one in Dresden, the Taschenberg 3 in downtown Dresden. The seat of the association located in the city centre should be been affected strongly by the bombing of Dresden on 13 February 1945.

Dr. Konrad Schlons (no more info.)

Dresden was not the only Saxon place where the Grand Mufti longer staying in addition. He lived together with his staff of about 60 Arabs on the basis of the risk of bombing in Berlin from the summer of 1944 to April 1945 as a personal guest of Hitler’s (F. V. Seidel: 266) in the small Eastern Saxony health resort of Oybin. The Muslims, who had fought during the second world war on the German side as far as possible in the zones of the Western allies fled after the war. Here, they were the Group of so-called Muslim refugees and settled especially in South Germany and especially in Swiss or were settled there.

http://www.zukunft-braucht-erinnerung.de/zweiter-weltkrieg/ueberfall-auf-die-sowjetunion/611.html

This group organized in “Ecclesiastical administration founded in 1951 in Munich of Muslim refugees.
Author: Titus Lenk