Archive for the ‘Holocaust’ Category

More nazis, Gestapo/ SD. More on Eichmann; IG Farben; German Ambassadors. Bankers and Industry.

05/31/2011

Paragraphs moved up from below to the top of page:
———-

Hitler knew about the Holocaust, since he ordered it:
“The Fuehrer has decided that the final solution of the Jewish question is to start immediately. I designate the Chief of the Security Police and SD and the Inspector of Concentration Camps as responsible for the execution of this order. The particulars of the program are to be agreed upon by the Chief of the Security Police and SD and the Inspector of Concentration Camps. I am to be informed currently as to the execution of this order”.
“I[ Dieter Wisliceny, SS man] was talking to Eichmann in his office in Berlin when he said that on written order of Himmler all Jews were to be exterminated. I requested to be shown the order. ” Wisliceny, affadavit

http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/genoc­ide/wisliceny.htm

Eichmann in January 1942 meets with Heydrich and the heads of the Nazi state to formulate the “final solution to the Jewish question in Europe”. The Nazi euphemism for mass, unrelenting extermination.

“It was a Führer order that all Jews are fit for extermination,” Eichmann wrote.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/worl­d/1999/aug/12/2
Eichmann’s journal.

—-
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrar­y.org/jsource/Holocaust/Adolf_­Hitler%27s_First_Antisemitic_W­riting.html
I take it that “%27s” means ” ‘ s” , minor mistake.

“Early Hitler letter discovered.”
Hitler’s ability to hold the interest of his listeners drew him to the attention of a superior officer, Capt. Karl Mayr. When a soldier named Adolf Gemlich, who was doing similar propaganda work for the army in Ulm, wrote asking for a clarification of “the Jewish Question,” Captain Mayr gave Hitler the assignment.

Hitler wrote to Mr. Gemlich that occasional pogroms against the Jews were not enough — the Jewish “race” must be “removed” from Germany as a matter of national policy.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06­/03/world/europe/03iht-hitler0­3.html?_r=1
SW Ctr , Hitler’s anti-semitic letter obtained

While Herr Hitler and his friends terrorise and delude their own country, they are the gravest menace to others. Their foreign policy is not merely an assertion of the legitimate rights of Germany, a demand for the equality which has been promised them and withheld from them. They are deliberately challenging the peace of Europe. They are not simply talking of re-armament; they are re-arming.
Taken from The New Statesman 6 May 1933
—-
Anita Lasker Wallfisch played the cello in the women’s orchestra. In an interview in 2008, Wallfisch told a reporter that she survived Auschwitz because she was in the orchestra that played at Birkenau: “As long as they wanted an orchestra, they couldn’t put us in the gas chamber. That stupid they wouldn’t be, because we are not really replaceable. Somebody who carries stones is replaceable.”

——
Two important factors should be noted. During the period prior to the outbreak of World War II, the Germans were in favor of Jewish emigration. At that time, there were no operative plans to kill the Jews. The goal was to induce them to leave, if necessary, by the use of force. It is also important to recognize the attitude of German Jewry. While many German Jews were initially reluctant to emigrate, the majority sought to do so following Kristallnacht (The Night of Broken Glass), November 9-10, 1938. Had havens been available, more people would certainly have emigrated.
-Simon Weisenthal Center

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com­/2011/03/10/nazis-more-on-the-­church-edwin-black-eichmann-hi­tler-red-cross-evidence-on-gas­-chambers/
more info added on Catholic Church and Nazi era.

http://news.err.ee/politics/11­2f9c01-0c26-48fa-a17d-739a6c0a­b9f1
http://www.wiesenthal.com/site­/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=ls­KWLbPJLnF&b=4441467&ct=1090215­9
Estonia and Lithuania

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A­rthur_Dodd_(Auschwitz_survivor­)
British POW in Monowitz (Auschwitz III) camp.

more nazis:
Hans Albin Rauter
Eberhard Wetzel,
Max Runhof
Friedrich Rainer

more proof:

Frank’s testimony at the IMT:

“I asked Heinrich Himmler for this special permission. He said that he would urge me not to go to the camp (Majdanek). Again some time passed. On 7 February 1944 I succeeded in being received by Adolf Hitler personally-I might add that throughout the war he received me three times only. In the presence of Bormann I put the question to him: “My Fuehrer, rumors about the extermination of the Jews will not be silenced. They are heard everywhere. No one is allowed in anywhere. Once I paid a surprise visit to Auschwitz in order to see the camp, but I was told that there was an epidemic in the camp and my car was diverted before I got there. Tell me, My Fuehrer, is there anything in it?” The Fuehrer said, “You can very well imagine that there are executions going on-of insurgents. Apart from that I do not know anything. Why don’t you speak to Heinrich Himmler about it?” And I said. “Well, Himmler made a speech to us in Krakow and declared in front of all the people whom I had officially called to the meeting that these rumors about the systematic extermination of the Jews were false; the Jews were merely being brought to the East.” Thereupon the Fuehrer said, “Then you must believe that.””

Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 12 – 18th April 1946
http://avalon.law.yale.edu/imt/04-18-46.asp
Hans Frank

The fact that the overall direction and co-ordination of Aktion Reinhardt (the destruction of the Jews in Poland) was undertaken from Hitler’s private Chancellery certainly implicates Hitler in the genocide. There are several pieces of evidence which make it extremely difficult for anyone to defend the claim that Hitler was ignorant of Globocnik’s activities or Reinhardt.

http://www.jewishgen.org/yizko­r/belzec1/bel030.html
Konzertlager (“concert camp”): concentration camp

Viktor Klemperer’s diary.
LTI – Lingua Tertii Imperii: Notizbuch eines Philologen (1947) is a book by Victor Klemperer, Professor of Literature at the University of Dresden. The title, half in Latin and half in German, translates to The Language of the Third Reich: A Philologist’s Notebook.

more nazis:
Hans Gawlik also Johannes Gawlik (* 29 August 1904 in Breslau; d.? after 1968) was a German jurist and civil servant who played an important role in the integration of NAZI criminals in West Germany only as a criminal lawyer in NS processes and then as head of the central legal Office (ZRS) of 1950-1968.

Walter Maria Weber (* 11 may 1899 in Bochum, Germany; died 1979) was a German diplomat.
Georg Federer (* September 8, 1905 in Stuttgart; died 24 June 1984 –) was a German diplomat.
Also in Switz.
Herbert Siegfried (* December 6, 1901 in Schwerin; d. April 18, 1988 in Munich) was a German Ambassador.
Hans-Ulrich of Morava Valley (* 5 February 1906 in Berlin; d. April 4, 1977 in Leuven, Belgium) was a German Ambassador.
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/K­arl Werkmeister
d. 1976

http://www.v2rocket.com/start/­others/news.html
Dr Ernst Stuhlinger, German scientist.

Christian Muhldorfer-vogt is the director of the historical-technical information center at peenemunde, and has studied every aspect of what the nazi scientists did here.
—–
The German government’s behavior in the Eichmann affair reveals a mentality which goes a long way toward explaining why Nazi war crimes were not pursued energetically in the early years of the Federal Republic. Damage control.
http://www.spiegel.de/internat­ional/world/0,1518,756915-3,00­.html

http://www.vosizneias.com/8612­4/2011/06/23/poland-glenn-beck­-to-visit-auschwitz-broadcast-­from-outside-town/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J­ohannes Heesters
actor still living; allegedly he performed for Nazis
—–
Evidence:
http://www.mqmagazine.co.uk/is­sue-17/p-48.php
Charles Coward, UK HERO
The following excerpts are from Charles Coward’s Nuremberg affidavit:

Affidavit Copy of Document NI-11696, Prosecution Exhibit 1462
The inmates who were selected to be gassed went through the procedure of preparing for a bath, they stripped their clothes off, and walked into the bathing room. Instead of showers, there was gas. All the camp knew it. All the civilian population knew it. I mixed with the civilian population at Auschwitz. I was at Auschwitz nearly every day…Nobody could live in Auschwitz and work in the plant, or even come down to the plant without knowing what was common knowledge to everybody.
COWARD: I made it a point to get one of the guards to take me to town under the pretense of buying new razor blades and stuff for our boys. For a few cigarettes he pointed out to me the various places where they had the gas chambers and the places where they took them down to be cremated. Everyone to whom I spoke gave the same story — the people in the city of Auschwitz, the SS men, concentration camp inmates, foreign workers — everyone said that thousands of people were being gassed and cremated at Auschwitz,
and that the inmates who worked with us and who were unable to continue working because of their physical condition and were suddenly missing, had been sent to the gas chambers.

Even while still at Auschwitz we got radio broadcasts from the outside speaking about the gassings and burnings at Auschwitz. I recall one of these broadcasts was by Anthony Eden himself. Also, there were pamphlets dropped in Auschwitz and the surrounding territory, one of which I personally read, which related what was going on in the camp at Auschwitz. These leaflets were scattered all over the countryside and must have been dropped from planes. They were in Polish and German. Under those circumstances, nobody could be at or near Auschwitz without knowing what was going on.
=====
‘German far right are less obvious, more dangerous’
‘Der Spiegel’ reports that right-wing activists, neo-Nazis, are ditching classic garb, increasing tendency towards using violence for cause.

Poles contributed 1,000,000 men and women to the fight against Hitler.

——
IG Farben
In Germany a growing number of people do not understand that IG Farben’s successors Bayer, BASF and Aventis-Hoechst still refuse to apologize for their misdeeds. It is hard to accept that after the war the companies were allowed to keep IG Farben�s entire property, whereas the surviving slave workers received nothing. Until today Bayer, BASF and Hoechst did not pay any wages to their former workers
http://www.ahrp.org/infomail/0­5/01/27a.php

Topf und sohnen, makers of the ovens:
http://www.topfundsoehne.de/me­dia_en/indexframe.php
For years, officialdom has avoided making a decision on what to do about the industrial and historical scar on the edge of Erfurt. There was little money available and no clear plan on what to do with the site. The excuses were myriad. Many assumed the city simply did not want to draw anymore Holocaust-related attention than the nearby concentration camp memorial at Buchenwald already generates.
http://www.spiegel.de/internat­ional/0,1518,407592,00.html

The Topf brother Ernst died in 1979, unmolested by the law. The other died in a Soviet prison.

Resisters:
http://joedresch.wordpress.com­/2011/06/15/tuvia-and-lilka-bi­elski-the-bielski-partisans/

http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20­110609/en_afp/germanypolandhis­toryholocaustwwii
Mietek Peiper has died. He typed up “Schindler’s List” for Oskar Schindler. Over 1,000 lives were saved by the two of them.

Thu Jun 9, 2011
96 year-old Dutch woman confesses to World War II-era murder
By Laura Rozen
yahoo news
It turns out he actually saved Jews’ lives! Maybe he should be in the Yad Vashem museum honor roll of the Righteous?
========
nazi:
Fritz Karl Oskar Wöhrn [Woehrn](* March 12 1905 in Rixdorf ; † unknown)
asst to Eichmann’s adjutant. Spent time in prison. Unknown what happened afterwards.


There was resistance in Germany, but it proved to be not very effective. A few Germans protested. Professor Karl Bonhoeffer, was distraught and actively opposed the program. His entire family was opposed to Nazism — his son Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a noted Protestant theologian, and his son in law Hans von Dohnanyi were executed by the Gestapo. Ferdinand Sauerbruch was furious when told about Gnadentod by pastor Braune: “these criminals are ruining the medical profession from the roots up”. Pastor Braune was arrested by the Gestapo, but survived. The most vocal critic was the catholic archbishop of Munster, Count von Galen: “Who, in the future, will trust a doctor? Perhaps a doctor will declare him “unproductive”, possibly a doctor has an order to kill him. Unhappy people, unhappy Germany, when the commandment “Thou shalt not kill” is transgressed unpunished.” (Archbishop Count von Galen, 8.3.1941, Munster)

http://www.holocaustresearchpr­­oject.org/nazioccupation/kast­n­er.html
Jewish representative Kastner on 550,000 Hungarian Jews killed altogether by Germany and Hungary. He received these figures from Wisliceny, an adjutant of Eichmann.
Killinger in Bucharest, Veesenmayer in Zagreb & Budapest), also supported the work.

Günther-Eberhardt Wisliceny (5 September 1912 in Regulowken, now Możdżany, Giżycko County – 25 August 1985 in Hannover)
waffen SS soldat, brother of war criminal Wisliceny who was executed.
Franz Abromeit (* 8. August 1907 in Tilsit; † Todeserklärung 30. Juni 1964)http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Abromeit
Minister Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, d 1945.
Minister Hanns Elard Ludin (June 10, 1905 – December 9, 1947)
Theodor Bethcke, d 1945
Siegfried Seidl, d 1947
Schmidtsiefen [Wilhelm? extradited to Poland, if that is he]

Dr. Max Merten d 1976
Max Merten was Kriegverwaltungsrat (military administration counselor) of the Nazi German occupation forces in Thessaloniki. He was convicted in Greece and sentenced to a 25 year term as a war criminal in 1959
In Germany, Merten was eventually acquitted from all charges due to “lack of evidence.”

“The guards told me that Merten was given a desk and typewriter, something unheard of in a prison then,” Glezos said. “One night, the guards told me Merten was being released immediately. Never does a Greek prison open before dawn for the release of a prisoner. It happened for Merten.”
Thus, the only Nazi war criminal tried and convicted in Greece was summarily released less than a year after his conviction.

Merten was deported to West Germany and arrested there. 1968 stellte ein Westberliner Gericht das Ermittlungsverfahren gegen ihn wegen Mangels an Beweisen bzw. wegen Verjährung ein. In 1968, a West Berlin court the investigation against him due to lack of evidence or a limitation of motion. Für seine fast dreijährige Haft in Griechenland erhielt er eine Entschädigung.
For his nearly three years of detention in Greece, he received compensation. Er starb 1976 als juristisch unbescholtener Mann. Die über 90.000 Opfer anderer deutscher Terrormaßnahmen sind bis heute noch nicht entschädigt.
He died in 1976 as a legally blameless man, the more than 90,000 victims of other German terrorist action has still not compensated.

Italy , Merten:

In the Italian zone Jews remained largely undisturbed, at first – until the capitulation of Italy in September 1943.
In early 1943 increased German military and diplomatic pressure on the Italian military authorities, the Jews living in the zone “final solution” measures to subdue in them. General Lohr, commander of Greece’s leading command in Army Group E oppressed, the Italian commander, General Carlo Geloso, Greek Jews to live there to deal with the German example.
When the Italians refused the, Germans began in the spring of 1943 in the Bulgarian zone of Greece the “Final Solution”.

After the capitulation of Italy, the German “final solution” immediately extended to the whole of Greece. Am 3.

http://www.hagalil.com/archiv/2006/10/max-merten.htm

**Harro Thomsen (* 3. März 1911 in Bohmstedt; † 2. Dezember 1974 in Elmshorn) 1942. In July, he became head of Department D 2 (Provincial Affairs, Poland in the Empire) in the AMT IV (Gestapo) the Central Reich Security Office RSHA, which he presided until the end of the war.
In the 1950s and 1960s years Thomsen was working as a lawyer and notary in Barmstedt.

Hans Thomsen (* 14. September 1891 in Hamburg; † 1968 ebenda[1]) German spy, Sweden.

Lieutenant General Ulrich Kleemann, involved in Hungary, d 1963.
Hans Moser: After the war, could evade Hans Moser of the arrest, came but 1946 voluntarily in Allied detention.[1] executed.
Dr. Günter Altenburg, Dr. jur. 05.06.1894, dead
Bonn, 23.10.1984.
http://www.athensnews.gr/issue/13434/38961?action=print

//www.deutschebahn.com/site/shared/en/file__attachements/background__information/flyer__specialtrains__to__death.pdf
photos, and some info.
Reichsbahn, complicit in Holocaust

more names:
Walter Zirpins
(* 26. Mai 1901 in Königshütte, Oberschlesien; † 17. Februar 1976 in Hannover
Paul Will
Dr. George
Walter Odewald
Josef Baumer
Dr Rudolf Braschwitz (* 18. Januar 1900 in Steglitz; † unbekannt, nach 1961)
Tholen
Dr Sporrer
Dr Fritz Berger
Karl Kichne
Dr Maly
Dr Ewel
Dr Fritz Keunecke
Josef Menke (* 12. November 1905 in Herzfeld (Lippetal); † 2. Mai 1996 in Würzburg )
Herbert Klein
Dr Jesse
Dr Fritz Dorls (* 9. September 1910 in Brilon (Westfalen); † 25. Januar 1995 in Opponitz/Österreich
Schroeder?

Wilhelm Stellbogen, disappeared in Cairo
Fritz Fink d 1945
Philipp Rupprecht (4 September 1900 — 4 April 1975) was a German cartoonist best known for his antisemitic caricatures in the Nazi publication Der Stürmer, under the pen-name Fips
Erhard Wittek (3 December 1898 — 4 June 1981), better known for his pen name Fritz Steuben, was a German author.
Ernst Hiemer, d. 1974 was a top editor for Die Stürmer.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06­­/02/us/02holocaust.html?pagew­a­nted=2&_r=1&ref=us&src=me
Holocaust Survivors Again Seek Insurance Claims: June 1, 2011

http://www.glennbeck.com/2011/­06/01/footnotes-for-tonights-t­v-show-on-nazism/
Glenn Beck exposes the Grand Mufti

RESISTANCE:
German General Siedel in France.

Professor Dr. Gottfried Ewald (1888 – 1963)
German Dr who Protested nazi euthanasia program.

================
Nazi
Dr. Bernhard Rust (30 September 1883 — 8 May 1945) was Minister of Science, Education and National Culture (Reichserziehungsminister) in Nazi Germany.

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?t=45327
information (graphic ) on nazi euthanasia program

euthanasia:
“Reich Leader Bouhler and Dr. Brandt are charged with the responsibility for expanding the authority of physicians, to be designated by name , to the end that patients considered incurable according to best available human judgment of their state of health, can be granted a mercy death.”

De Crinis was an active evaluator of candidates for gassing. By the spring of 1941 one of the murder centers “celebrated” the 10,000th death. Eventually some 100,000 people were killed in the “Aktion”.De Crinis took cyanide in the last days of the war.

Professor Max de Crinis. De Crinis, an Austrian by birth, was a member of the NSDAP and a high official in the SS.. a regular advisor of the Ministries of Culture and of Health and to the Rassenamt. (There was a department of race hygiene at the Humboldt University during the Nazi era). Naturally, he was one of the of 5 psychiatry professors summoned to the Reich chancellery in July 1939 to help in “Aktion Gnadentod” – mercy death. “Aktion Gnadentod” was a program, initiated by the Führer personally to kill severely mentally disabled and incurable patients. Only one of those present, [Resistance] Prof. Ewald of Göttingen, refused to cooperate and was asked to leave the meeting.
http://www.charite.de/ch/neuro­/lokales/charite/geschichte.ht­ml

Otto Koellreutter (* November 26 1883 in Freiburg , † February 23 1972 ) was a German legal scholar [1] and National Socialist [2]

Nazis (google translations)
Here names of former Gestapo people einkamen for recognition of their salary:

From the “White Paper – In terms of democracy”

Published by the VVN 1960 – Newly published by the VVN-BdA 2004
Publisher printing workshop Renchen

Excerpt from the foreword by Ulrich in 2004 Sander
http://www.nrw.vvn-bda.de/texte/0284_nazis_und_aufbau_vs.htm

1.HELBING, Willi, 1941 – 1945, RSH Berlin

2.STUBBE, Erich, 1934 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
3.BLEICK, Herbert, 1941 – 1945, HPF Riga, Smolensk
4.LUX, Harry, 1941 – 1945, RSH Berlin
5.KRUMREY, Theodor, 1934, 1945, RSH, Berlin, Recklh.
6.SAMUEL, Hermann, 1933 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
7.REMER, Willi, 1933 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Norway
8.HEINRICH, Gustav, 1934 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
9.SCHONBRUNN, 1935 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
10.FEUSSNER, Konrad, 1933 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
11.BORCHARD, Hellmut, 1936 – 1945, Breslau Gestapo, RSH
12.RICHTER, Erich, 1937 – 1945 RSH Berlin
13.WASSERBERG, Hans, 1933 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
14.QUOSS, Kurt, 1933 – 1945, RSH, Prague Gestapo
15.JUNGNICKEL, Hellmuth, 1943 – 1944, Lodz
16.KNOP, Heinrich, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
17.GELLESZUN, Emil, 1941 – 1942, RSH, Gestapo Berlin
18.HEUBLEIN, Adolf, 1935 – 1945, RSH, Vienna State Police
19.HÜBNER, Heinrich, 1937 – 1945, RSH, Gestapo Berlin
20.WEISS, Karl, 1934 – 1944, Gestapo Berlin, Hohensalza
21.RENZ August, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Frankfurt (Oder)
22.MEHL, Gerhard, 1940, 1945, Berlin RSH
23.HOLZHÄUSER, Walter, 1933 – 1945, RSH Berlin
24.HAYN, Wilhelm, 1937 – 1945, RSH Berlin
25.EMMERSLEBEN, Erich, 1938 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
26.SATTLER, Erich, 1936 – 1945, RSH, SD-Belgrade
27.PAULI, Reinhard, 1941 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
28.KANIA, Josef, 1938 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
29.GUENTHER, John, 1941 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Halle
30.GOHLKE, Walter, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
31.FISCHER, Frederick, 1933 – 1945, ABOUTUS, Teschen, Prague
32.ALTMANN, John, 1935 – 1945, RSH Berlin
33.VÖLKNER, Bernhard, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Vienna
34.BELOW, Walter, 1934 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
35.PRASDORF, Fritz, 1936 – 1945, RSH Vienna, Aachen
36.BURKHARDT, Martin, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
37.DAUBITZ, Otto, 1935 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
38.PREPENS, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
39.ZUCKEL, Rudolf, 1937 – 1945, Breslau Gestapo
40.MÜLLER, Otto, 36 -. 45, State Police, Berl, Salzb. Danz., Opp
41.THOMAS, Alfred, 1938 – 1945, State Police Leipzig
42.MEYER, Hermann, 1937 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
43.NEUMANN, Kurt, 1937 – 1945, Berlin, Königsberg
44.PITTIG, Franz, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
45.KROHN, Emil, 1934, 1945, Gestapo Berlin
46.STULPE, Georg, 1940 – 1945, Potsdam State Police
47.MÜCKE, Paul, 1942 – 1944, Dresden Gestapo
48.SOMMER, Ferdinand, 1937 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
49.HERDEN, August, 1937 – 1945, RSH and IV Office
50.KRAMER, Otto, 1936 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
51.HEITMANN, Wilhelm, 1938 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
52.ROSSBACH, Hermann, 1935 – end Stapo Plauen
53.ALZUHN, Otto, 1937 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
54.HAACK, Wilhelm, 1936 – 1945, State Police, RSH Berlin
55.STRATMANN, Frederick, 1939 – 1941, Gestapo Berlin
56.KIRCHHOFF, Joseph, 1940 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
57.HOFMANN, Karl, 1935 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin, Holland
58.LAUX, Max, 1944 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
59.NEUENFELD, Kurt, 1941 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
60.BERNHARDT, Erich, 1939 – 1945, Gestapo Berlin
61.BIESE, Karl, 1937 – 1945, State Police, Aachen, Berlin RSH
62.HANNEMANN, August, 1933-1936 Gestapo Berlin
63.NAWROT, John 1936-1945, Gestapo Berlin
(Adapted from documents of “The Exhortation”, No. 11, 1959, West Berlin)

PROOF OF SS CRIMES:
The Totenkopf division (3rd SS division) was criminal, mainly because many of its original members were former prison guards.

More Nazis. Rosenberg. Royalty. Reichsbank. Hungary. Frauen. Eichmann’s men.

05/09/2011

======

NEW: more info added on SS-gefolge (females SS)

 NEW
The renowned U.S. historian Prof. Peter Hayes (Northwestern  University) published the book From Cooperation to Complicity: Degussa in the  Third Reich in September 2004. The German edition was published by C.H. Beck  Verlag, Munich, while the English version is available through Cambridge  University Press, New York.
more names.
Grosse Rosen.
Gerhard Degenkolb (* 26. Juni 1892 in Zeitz; † 1. Februar 1954 in Duisburg) war ein deutscher Maschinenbauingenieur und Manager zur Zeit des Nationalsozialismus. Er zählte zu den bedeutenden Schlüsselfiguren der Rüstungsindustrie of the Third Reich .Demag, in Brasil. He was associated with SS Obergruppenfuehrer Hans Kammler.
Gerhard Mauer, WHVA, very impt! (d. 1953)
In April 1945, the files of the Department of D II have been outsourced to Rostock and are since then untraceable. The leading group of WHVA took off in the space of Flensburg, Germany and received there fake identification documents and uniforms of the Kriegsmarine. With the ingestions of the Navy they were hiding.
After 1945
In March 1947, Maurer was arrested [3] and heard within the framework of the Nuremberg trials.[4] As witness for the defence testified Maurer on 17 November 1947 in the Nordhausen main process.
Then, Maurer was delivered to Poland and in 1951 in Warsaw in a process condemned to death. His execution in Krakow took place on 2 April 1953.[3], In particular the statement by Mietek Pemper led to Mason convictions.
In May 1968, a § 50 was inserted in the criminal code, it meant that already advanced investigation against 730 “desk offender” of Reich main Security Office (RSHA) due to statute of limitations were set. In the context of the punishment of Nazi crimes, no German court has regards therefore a member of the Office Group D in the SS-WVHA for his actions.[5]
Fritz Westen

—-

books:
(Grief, We Wept Without Tears), Shaul Chazan.
“Secretaries of Death,” a survivor named Irka Anis

http://joedresch.wordpress.com­/2011/07/04/memories-of-the-ho­locaust-zigi-shipper/

http://joedresch.wordpress.com­/2011/07/04/memories-of-the-ho­locaust-kitty-hart-moxon/
disturbing history of woman at Auschwitz-Birkenau.

http://www.vigile.net/Un-Jean-­Louis-Roux-chez-les

====

Vincenz Mueller war criminal? Uncertain.
Karl Wilhelm Ove Theodor Lindemann (* 17. April 1881 in Goldberg; † 4. Juli 1965 in Bremen
Dr Walther Schieber, oder auch Walter Schieber geschrieben (* 13. September 1896 in Beimerstetten bei Ulm; † 29. Juni 1960
Fritz Kiehn (* 15. Oktober 1885 in Burgsteinfurt; † 1. September 1980
Wilhelm Kleinmann, Reichsbahn, dead 1945.
Carl Vincent Krogmann (* 3. März 1889 in Hamburg; † 14. März 1978
Wilhelm Heinrich Börger (* 14. Februar 1896 in Kray; † 29. Juni 1962 in Heidelberg) war ein deutscher NS-Politiker.
Friedrich Karl Dermietzel (* 7. Februar 1899 in Lunow; † 7. Juli 1981) war SS-Brigadeführer, Generalmajor der Waffen-SS und Arzt.
Emil Helfferich (* 17. Januar 1878 in Neustadt an der Weinstraße; † 22. Mai 1972 ebenda)

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/F­reundeskreis Reichsfuehrer-SS
lists some of the bigshots surrounding the nat’l socialists.

Karl Wilhelm Keppler was supported by Goering, and displaced Schacht as a top finance-natl socialist. It was he who introduced Hitler to the industrialists.  no Wiki bio in English. (born 14 December 1882 in Heidelberg, † 13 June 1960 in Friedrichshafen, Germany

Banker Hjalmar Schacht was acquitted at Nuremberg, and basically had little or no power after 1939. Reichsbank.
Schacht disagreed with what he called “unlawful activities” against Germany’s Jewish minority and in August 1935 made a speech denouncing Julius Streicher and Streicher’s writing in Der Stürmer. Yet it was Schacht who was put on trial at Nuremberg, and acquitted.


good video on early conflict in Germany
—–

Eichmann’s men.

Hans Ulrich Geschke ( born on 16th May 1907 ) – jurist, lawyer of the SA units, from 1935 chief of the Gestapo in Kiel, chief of the Gestapo in Prague, personally arrested Czech prime minister of protectorate government and army general Alois Eliáš and worked up accusation against him, during 2nd Heydrich´s terror ( heydrichiáda ) chaired to courts martial, responsible for burn-out of Lidice, then chief of the SD and SiPo in Poznan and in Budapest, his post-WW2 activities unknown. Presumed dead.

Gestapo Budapest SS Captain Alfred Trenker. Born in 1905, presumed dead.

Dr. Achamer-Pifrader (21.11.1900-25.04.1945)

http://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?f=38&t=43436&start=0&st=0&sk=t&sd=a
Dr Siedl d 1947
Franz Six d. 1975
Wilhelm Burger
General Schoenberg
Min of transport, Stange
Lt Col Lazslo Ferenczy
Captain Lulay
**Kurt Becher, d. 8/ 1995. Appears elsewhere on the blog.
Dr Manfred Schoeneseiffen, d. 6 2001
* Lt Rudolf Jaenische d.?

http://dictionary.sensagent.com/Eichmannreferat/de-de/

Albert Hartl (* November 13 1904 in Roßholzen , † December 14th 1982 (4 years).
Subject IV B 4a (emigration) Rolf Günther d 1945. SS-Sturmbannführer and substitute Adolf Eichmann 1941 to March 1944 deportation of Jews
Subject IV B 4 b (right) Friedrich Suhr d 1946. cantonal Councillor, SS Obersturmbannführer July 1941 – November 1942 were points of law on confiscation, management and exploitation of property of the deportees, as well as cooperation with other authorities involved in the expropriation of the deportees.
Otto Hunsche, Government Council, SS main served November 1942 – March 1944 . 12 years. Presumed dead.
Personnel Division from 1941 to 1944
Administrator tasks subject

Franz Novak, transport IV B 4a. DEAD.
*Herbert Mannel, emigration statistics IV B 4a until December 1941
Franz Stuschka, censorship of Jewish prisoner mail organization, from January 1942 IV B 4aFranz Stuschka (* July 3 1910 in Liesing , † after 1985) 7 years
*Karl Hrosinek, administration IV B 4 b
Fritz Wöhrn, [Woehrn] general cases until December 1941 IV B 4 b then with same Aufgabenbebiet IV B 4a. dead, presumed.
Ernst Moes {mohs], d. 1945, axishistory individual cases until December 1941 IV B 4 b then with same Aufgabenbebiet IV B 4a
Werner Kryschak , presumed dead individual cases from January 1942 IV B 4a
*Richard Gutwasser, finance & IV owned B 4 b
*Max Pachow, finance & B 4 (b) ownership on January 1942 IV
Friedrich Bosshammer, d. 1972 “Preparation of a solution of the European Jewish question in political terms” January 1942 – November 1942 IV B 4 b, then with same field IV B 4a –d. 1972
*Karl Kube, orders January 1942 – November 1942 IV B 4 b, then with same field IV B 4a
*Hans Wasserberg, withdrawing the German Reich membership from April 1943 IV B 4a
*Alexander Mischke, withdrawing the German Reich membership from April 1943 IV B 4a
*Willy Jeske, fight against enemies from April 1943 IV B 4 b Wilhelm Jeske
*Paul Pfeifer, fight against enemies from April 1943 IV B 4 b
[More info in the comments section. It is strange that the names marked with asterisks are neither listed on wiki nor wiki.de]

The Eichmann unit in Berlin was built primarily of Austrian employees, who had first established the Central Office for Jewish emigration in Vienna, and later that in Prague after the “Anschluss” of Austria to the German Reich. These men, among them Franz Stuschka and Franz Novak, were “Old party comrades” and found a new job in the Viennese central due to spells of unemployment.

-Richard Hartenberger: testimony by 22 September 1961 [12].

Walter Huppenkothen (* December 31 1907 in Haan in the Rhineland , † 1979 in Lübeck ) was a German lawyer , SS colonel in the Reich Security Main Office and Nazi criminals. Testified against Eichmann.

Panzinger, suicide 1959.

Fritz Katzmann (1906-1957) was a SS-Gruppenführer (Lieutenant General) and Polizei leader who perpetrated genocide in Lemberg (Lwów), Danzig, and the District of Galicia during The Holocaust. Katzmann was responsible for many of the atrocities that were perpetrated in the District of Galicia. He managed to escape prosecution after the Second World War.

more nazis:
Hans Fischböck [Fishboeck] (* January 24 1895 in Gera in the district Horn , † July 3 1967)

Otto Koellreutter (* November 26 1883 in Freiburg , † February 23 1972 ) was a German legal scholar [1] and National Socialist [2] .
.
Karl Memmenthey, was given 20 years, so out of prison in 1968, if he lived.

Otto Konstantin Gottlieb von Kursell (* 15. November 1884 in Sankt Petersburg, Russland; † 30. August 1967 in München).

Werner Lorenz (* 2. Oktober 1891 in Grünhof; † 13. März 1974 in Hamburg) war Leiter der Volksdeutschen Mittelstelle, SS-Obergruppenführer, General der Waffen-SS und Polizei und verurteilter Kriegsverbrecher.

Alfred Bernhard Julius Ernst Wünnenberg [Wuennenberg](* 20. Juli 1891 in Saarburg/Lothringen; † 30. Dezember 1963 in Krefeld) war ein deutscher Offizier und im Dritten Reich zuletzt SS-Obergruppenführer sowie General der Waffen-SS und Polizei.

SS-Obersturmbannführer John Karl Bernhard Bobermin, called Hanns Bobermin (* October 1 1903 in Boxhagen ; † February 1960 in Stuttgart ) was a German economist, SS officer and convicted war criminals of Nuremberg trials .

 Bobermin was sentenced to 20 years in prison on 3 November 1947, the sentence was later reduced to fifteen years in prison.[3] After partial holding Verbüßung, he was released early February 1951 from the prison Landsberg.[4] Bobermin was then employed in leading positions at Southern Company and later lived in Stuttgart. The Stuttgarter Zeitung reported the death of Bobermins on 9 February 1960. (google trans, Wiki .de).

Karl Kaleske

Helmut Beck-Broichsitter (1914–2000)

Heinz Karl Fanslau (* 6. Juni 1909 in Düringshof bei Landsberg/Warthe; † 10. März 1987 in München
Fenslau, 10 years total imprisonment.

Max Täubner or Taeubner
Wilhelm Honsell, d. 1977
Abel Bonnard, French collaborator, died in Spain. 1968

Alfred Franke-Gricksch (* November 30th 1906 in Berlin , † August 18 1952 in Moscow ) was during the Weimar Republic , a party official and writer of the national revolutionary wing of the Nazi Party . He left the party in 1930 and emigrated 1933rd returned in 1934, he was in the German Reich , a high SS leaders. In the early postwar period was one of the organizers of the right-wing nationalist group ” Brotherhood “. In 1952 he was convicted of his SS activities in the Soviet Union executed.
Alfred Franke-Gricksch wrote  **: a Nazi’s amazing report on Auschwitz.
http://www.holocaustresearchpr­oject.org/nazioccupation/polan­d/polandjourney.html

August Frank (5 April 1898 — 21 March 1984) was an official of the Main Economic Administration Office of the Nazi SS (SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt) generally known by its initials WVHA.
August Frank memorandum
Although the court had ruled that Frank was criminally answerable for the slave labor program and the looting of Jewish property, he escaped criminal liability for the murders themselves, as the court viewed him as in generally being only involved after the people had already been murdered.

In particular, Frank at his trial claimed he only became aware of the Jewish extermination program after hearing Himmler’s Posen speech on October 4, 1943, a month after he had left the WVHA.

By what process of law or reason did the Reich become entitled to one hundred million Reichsmarks’ worth of personal property owned by persons whom they had enslaved and who died, even from natural causes, in their servitude? Robbing the dead, even without the added offense of killing, is and always has been a crime. And when it is organized, planned, and carried out on a hundred-million-mark scale, it becomes an aggravated crime, and anyone who takes part in it is a criminal.[1] In 1951 Frank’s sentence was commuted to 15 years.
So, out in 1963 .D .1984.
========

Georg Nikolaus Lörner [Loerner](* 17. Februar 1899 in München; † 21. April 1959 in Rastatt) war ein deutscher SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS, der während der Nürnberger Prozesse angeklagt und als Kriegsverbrecher verurteilt wurde. He spent six years  in jail.

Lörner was February 1942 Chief of Office Group B – force management in the SS – economic – administrative main office (WVHA). Middle of September 1943 he was again a representative of Oswald Pohl as Chief of WVHA.Co-founder of East industrial GmbH (Osti) in Lublin, which was formed in March 1943 to the theft of Jewish property and Jewish labour exploitation before they were eventually killed was [2] Lörner.[3] At the end of January 1945 Lörner still for four months for the army Management Office was moved.[1]

After his arrest, Lörner was arrested and charged with 17 other defendants in the trial against the economic and administrative main Office of the SS before an American military tribunal in the trial against the economic and administrative main Office of the SS. His defenders was Carl Hansel. In this process, because of the charges against the head of the SS economic and administrative main office Oswald Pohl also Pohl process called Lörner was deemed war crimes, crimes against humanity and membership in a criminal organization guilty on the counts.[4] Due to organisational involvement in the crime of concentration camp Lörner on 3 November 1947 was sentenced to death. The sentence was converted in August 1948, a life sentence and reduced to 15 years in prison in 1951.[1] Lörner was imprisoned in the Landsberg prison, from which he was released early on 31 March 1954.[3]

Richard Walther Darre (born Ricardo Oscar Darré Walther, and Richard Walter Darre, * July 14 1895 in Belgrano , Buenos Aires , Argentina , † September 5th 1953 in Munich ) was a German politician during the era of National Socialism .

Günther Pancke (* May 1 1899 in Gniezno , † August 17 1973 in Hamburg ) was a German SS Group leader and General of Police in Denmark. Pancke after the Second World War, was arrested in Denmark on 20 September 1948 in Copenhagen sentenced to 20 years in prison, from which he was pardoned 1953rd He died in 1973 in Hamburg.

Johannes Loritz same as?
Hans Loritz (* 21. Dezember 1895 in Augsburg; † 31. Januar 1946 in Neumünster) Was a German SS officer/Camp commandant in several conc. camps during the Third Reich.

Hans Juettner
d 1965 Head of SS Main Office. Jüttner was Himmler’s deputy in this area of command. Jüttner was one of those responsible for building the many
prisoner of war camps in which Soviet prisoners of war were held. In 1948 he was condemned to 10 years service in a labour camp. In appeal proceedings 1949 the punishment was lowered to 4 years. In 1961 Jüttner testified for the prosecution in the trial of Holocaust architect Adolf Eichmann.[6] Later Jüttner was the proprietor of a sanatorium in Bad Tölz,[7] died.

3rd_SS_Division_Totenkopf
The Totenkopf division (3rd SS division), mainly because many of its original members were former prison guards, was a criminal organization.

http://germanmilitariacollecti­bles.com/blog/2009/04/waffen-s­s-indian-legion.html
Indian nationals [British Subjects] in the SS

Der Reichsführer SS/SS-Hauptamt, Rassenpolitik (Berlin, 1943 [?])
source :
Goebbels: “The Führer’s words at the beginning of the war will be fulfilled: The German people will not be destroyed in this war, but rather the Jews.”http://www.calvin.edu/academic­/cas/gpa/rassenpo.htm

Alfred Rosenberg:
“[The myth of the 20 th century, by Rosenberg] its overt statement of Nazi anti-Christian sentiment made it difficult to give Rosenberg any position of prominence when the Nazis ascended to power.[2]” wiki.
Interesting. That indicates that Christianity still had a powerful influence in Germany that the National socialists recognized, and were even afraid of. Then millions had not been ‘brainwashed’ by Rosenberg’s ideas, for few even read his book. His Aryan philosophy was only one element in the nazi’s appeal to the masses. It also indicates that they had to accept Christian opinion even at the height of their power. So why did the Christian beliefs so many held not turn them away from the national socialist movement?

art:
Until the fall of the Third Reich, Arno Breker was a professor of visual arts in Berlin. While nearly all of his sculptures survived World War II, more than 90% of his public work was destroyed by the allies after the war. In 1948 Breker was designated as a “fellow traveller” of the Nazis and fined, upon which he returned to Düsseldorf. The latter city remained his base, with periods of residence in Paris. During this time he worked as an architect.

terminology:
Machtübernahme (“takeover of power”)
Machtergreifung , Nazi term for takeover
Machtübertragung (“handing-over of power”).

The last term is the most accurate. Power was given to them.

royalty:
Prince August Wilhelm of Pruss­ia, d. 1949; son of the Kaiser. Conflict with his father, who warned them about the Nazis; also conflict with Goebbels. He was side-lined after 1942. He voluntarily campaigned for Hitler
“Hitler was not a threat, but a benefactor of the German people and the German Empire”. source wiki

Prince Alexander Ferdinand of ­Prussia, d. 1985
grandson of Kaiser Wilhelm. n 1934, Berlin reports leaked out that the prince quit the SA because Hitler had chosen 21-year old Alexander Ferdinand to succeed him as “head man in Germany when he [Hitler] no longer can carry the torch”. As many German princes, becoming the targets of Hitler’s mistrust, were removed from their commands in the military, Prince Alexander Ferdinand was the only Hohenzollern allowed to remain at his post.

==
Reichsbank
Dr. Emil Puhl (August 28, 1889 — 1962) was a Nazi economist and banking official during World War II. He was director and vice-president of Germany’s Reichsbank during World War II and also served as a director for the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) at Basel (Switzerland). He was instrumental in moving Nazi gold during the war. At the Nuremberg Trials, he was convicted of war crimes and sentenced to five years’ imprisonment.

Dr. Walther Funk (18 August 1890 – 31 May 1960) was a prominent Nazi official. He served as Minister for Economic Affairs in Nazi Germany from 1937 to 1945. n January 1939, Hitler appointed Funk as President of the Reichsbank, again replacing Schacht.
He was appointed to the Central Planning Board in September 1943.
He was a wartime director of the Bank of International Settlements, based in Switzerland.

He was released on 16 May 1957, because of ill health. He died 3 years later.
=

By late 1940 the Allgemeine-SS also controlled the Germanische SS, which were collaborationist organizations modeled after the Allgemeine-SS in several Western European countries.
The Allgemeine-SS also consisted of a * female volunteer corps (known as the SS-Helferin) and, in the last days of World War II, had authority over the so called “Auxiliary-SS” which were non-SS personnel conscripted in the SS to serve as concentration camp personnel in the last months of World War II.

Reichsbank processed stolen wealth incl. gold teeth. Degussa.

Slave labor for private companies, included Heinkel, IG Farben, Junkers, Krupp, Messerschmitt, Salzgitter, and Siemens-Schuckertwerke. At locations like Mauthausen and Gusen at St. Georgen, Pohl managed successfully to make leading armament producers like Messerschmitt GmbH or Steyr-Daimler-Puch fully dependable on deliveries by companies of Amtsgruppe W. Additionally, the SS was producing under contract military clothing and equipment for the Wehrmacht.

——-

NEW: more names added.

Aufseherin, female nazi guards:

Martha Dell Antonia
Alois Doerr. (freed after serving 10 years). All are unlisted on wiki.

Erna Beilhardt, Ravensbrück

Klara Kunig – dead at Dresden? former guard.
Johanna Seiss **
Irmtraut Sell
The town of Světlá was the location of the Lichtewerden labor camp, established on 11 November 1944 as a subcamp of Auschwitz III-Monowitz.In fact, fewer than twenty women ever served as true SS members, mostly because Schutzstaffel membership was indeed closed to women. The relatively low number of female guards who belonged to the Allgemeine-SS or SS-Gefolge served in the camps. Other women, such as Therese Brandl and Irmtraut Sell, belonged to the Totenkopf (“Death’s Head”) units.
The highest position ever attained by a woman was Chef Oberaufseherin, “Chief Senior Overseer” such as Luise Brunner and Anna Klein. In the Nazi command structure, no female guard could ever give orders to a male one since, by design, the rank of SS-Helferin was below all male SS ranks and women were not recognized as regular SS members but only auxiliaries.Helga Hegel was the chief overseer of the Helmbrechts subcamp of Flossenbürg concentration camp.

Little is known about the former Oberaufseherin Helga Hegel. What is known is that she took the place of former chief wardress Martha Dell’Antonia in late 1944 or early 1945. When the small camp was evacuated, Helga rode on a bike alongside commandant Alois Doerr. The two were also reportedly lovers. After the guards fled the march, Helga was captured by United States troops and confessed to accusations of maltreatment of prisoners. She also stated that she was not in the SS, nor were her female overseers below her.

It is unknown what happened to Helga Hegel since her personal file is missing from the archives.

====

Helene Dörnbrach

Lagerführerin Schmidt (Lenzing); a female guard.

Oberaufseherin  Margarete Maria Gallinat was the chief supervisor at Kamp Vught, Netherlands. Gallinat later became a supervisor at Ravensbrück concentration camp.

Erna Petermann (born 1912) was a high ranking female overseer at two Nazi concentration camps during the closing of World War II.Little is known about Erna Petermann, other than that she trained at the men’s camp at Mittelbau-Dora sometime in 1944. The SS promoted Peterman to the rank of Lagerführerin (Female Camp Commandant) under a male commandant. Later, Peterman was transferred as Female Camp Commandant to the Gross Werther subcamp in the Harz Mountains. When Gross Werther was liberated by the Allies, Petermann fled the camp and went into hiding. Her whereabouts were not located and therefore it was not possible to question her regarding possible involvement with war crimes. Her subsequent history and post-war activities remain unknown as of 2011.

———

more nazis:

Bernhard Schmidt (* 18. April 1890 in Pegnitz; † 6. September 1960 in Bayerisch Eisenstein) war deutscher Lagerkommandant des KZ Lichtenburg und KZ Sachsenburg während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus.[1]

Max Fillusch (* 9. Dezember 1896 in Warmunthau, Landkreis Cosel, Oberschlesien; † 3. Februar 1965 in Hannover) war ein deutscher Politiker (NSDAP). Mayor of Hindenburg.
Francis Hueber (* January 10, 1894 in Green Castle , Upper Austria , † July 10th 1981 in Salzburg ). Freed in 1950.
Oswald Menghin (* April 19th 1888 in Meran , Tyrol , † November 29th 1973 in Buenos Aires , Argentina.
Anton Reinthaller (* April 14th 1895 in Mettmach , Upper Austria, † March 6 1958 ).

Hans Kehrl (* September 8 1900 in Brandenburg an der Havel , † April 26th 1984). From 16 September 1943 led Kehrl the Planning Office, from 1 November 1943 the Office of raw materials in the Economics Ministry, later he became president of the defense duties at the Plenipotentiary for Armaments tasks, Albert Speer.Kehrl was “responsible for criminal asset transactions during the Nazi resettlement policy .His sentence was reduced to 3 years.

Michael Skubl (* September 27 1877 in Bleiburg , Carinthia, † February 24th 1964 in Vienna ).
William Wolff
Rudolf Neumayer (* May 18th 1887 in Vienna , † August 25 1977 ) was an Austrian financial expert and politician .1924, the financial department of the City of Vienna. From 1936 to 1938, Neumayer finance ministers of the governments of Schuschnigg and Seyss-Inquart . Freed after 1948.

Hungary, sentenced to hang: Dr Laszlo Endre; Laszlo Vaky [Baki]; Andor Jaross; Laszlo de Bardossy.
All helped the nazis. In Budapest, Hungary, three members of Premier Ferenc Szalasy’s government of October 1944 are hanged in the jail courtyard: Deputy Prime Minister Eugen Szoelloesi, Foreign Minister Baron Gabriel Kemeny, and Regent Council member Sandor Csia. [10]In Transylvania, Rumania, the People’s Tribunal of Cluj sentences 43 officers and men of the former Hungarian army to varying penalties for crimes committed during the war: 23 to death, eight to life in prison, six to 25 years, and six to 20 years hard labor.source: Wikipedia


more. Some names repeated on other pages.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Einsatzkommando

Ministry, Dr. Felix Benzler, d. 1977. Serbia.

Reinhard Breder (* February 2 1911 in Steinhagen? † after 1968) was a German Government and SS Major leaders

Helmut Schlierbach (* July 16 1913 in Offenbach , † March 21 2005 ) was a German lawyer, Government and SS Sturmbannführer . During the period of National Socialism , he was Gestapo chief in Strasbourg

Herbert Andorfer (* March 3rd 1911 in Linz , Austria † 2007/2008) was SS Lieutenant , camp commander in the concentration camps Sajmište and commander of a partisan combat command in northern Italy. He lived in Austria.

Waldemar Klingelhöfer (born 4 April 1900, Moscow; died about 1980).On December 12, 1956, Klingelhöfer was released from Landsberg prison. In 1960, he lived in Villingen and worked as an office clerk.

German – detected to English translation

Fritz Schwalm (born 11 May 1910 in Marburg, † unknown) was a German SS officer and convicted war criminals.

Tschierschky Charles (born 15 March 1906 in Peace Hut, Upper Silesia, † 18 September 1974) [1] was a German SS officer in the rank of SS-Obersturmbannführer

Oswald Poche (* January 28, 1908 in Brandenburg, † September 22, 1962 in Dannenberg)

Kurt Graaf (born January 8, 1909 in Kiel, † 2 September 1972) [1] was a German SS officer

Rudolf Batz (10 November 1903 – 8 February 1961) was an SS Sturmbannführer.

SS-Sturmbannführer Walter Hoffmann (As Deputy)

Otto Bradfisch (May 10, 1903 in Zweibrücken – June 22, 1994 in Seeshaupt) was an economist, a jurist, an SS Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel), Leader of Einsatzkommando 8 of Einsatzgruppe B of the Security Police (Sicherheitspolizei) and the SD, and Commander of the Security Police in Litzmannstadt (Łódź) and Potsdam. In prison 1963-1976. In this function he was also responsible for deporting Jews to the Chełmno extermination camp. He became Commander of the Security Police and the SD in summer 1942. [So he was free until 1994!]

Heinz Jost was released from Landsberg prison in 1951. He then worked in Düsseldorf as a real estate agent. He died in 1964 Bensheim. Einsatzgruppen.

Gustav Karl Wilhelm Buck (* November 17th 1894 in Stuttgart , † 1977 in Rudersberg ) was a German SS-Captain and camp commander, Alsace. Freed 1955.

Paul Sporrenberg (* 27. März 1896 in Venlo; † 7. Dezember 1961 in Mönchengladbach) war ein deutscher SS-Hauptsturmführer und Kommandant des SS-Sonderlagers bzw. Konzentrationslagers Hinzert von April 1942 bis Januar 1945.
de.wikipedia. Liste ehemaliger NSDAP-Mitglieder, die nach Mai 1945 politisch tätig waren
Were listed as sympathizers but not ‘offenders.’

Medical drs added to “More Nazis 2”

Hitler ‘s speeches on the Holocaust; more on Hungary. Time on AH.

05/08/2011

UPDATE: I collected a bit of info yesterday. I have added some of it to “More Nazis V” page. I’ve added material on the Wehrmacht to “Conclusion” page. Material has been added to “More on Auschwtiz Birkenau” page 2010/02/24/more/. Info on “Gas vans” was placed on “Church and the Holocaust part 2, 2011/02/03/. More info added to “Nazi Drs Two.” As of 5/15/11.
===
Professor Dr. Hermann Stieve (1886-1952) was a leading anatomist at the University of Berlin and the Berlin Charité
Hans Wilhelm König (* May 13th 1912 in Stuttgart ; † unknown) was a German SS Lieutenant and as a camp doctor in the concentration camps Auschwitz and Neuengamme .


Germany, uprising in 1919

nuremberg-film-finally-release­d.html
Nuremberg film, by Schulberg/

http://www2.facinghistory.org/­Campus/Memorials.nsf/0/DC396F5­72BD4D99F85256FA80055E9B1
Willy Brandt, icon

=====

http://www.adl.org/education/dimensions_19/section3/subsequent_trials.asp
ADL site includes the Nuremberg and other trials of nazis all in one convenient area for research.

Friedrich Konopath Konopacki (24/02/1882 – 22/09/1962)

Wilhelm Saure (* September 25 1899 in Rattlar ; † April 18th 1951 in Frankfurt am Main ) was a German lawyer, SS leader and politician ( FDP ) and former Member of the Hesse state parliament . Both he and Schultz were major Nazi SS intellectuals, working with unprosecuted war criminals like Verschuer and Mollison. These are the men whose ideas led to medical experiments on prisoners.

Bruno Kurt Schultz (* August 3 1901 in Sitzenberg , † 1997 ) was an Austria-German SS leader, anthropologist and professor. Nazi race theorist of the SS.

Below are names on Holocaust in Rumania and Hungary; Von Ribbentrop; Foreign Office diplomats.

In the summer of 1942 secretly photographed Hubert Pfoch the transport of Warsaw Jews to the Treblinka death camp in Poland. . The photos and journal entries found Pfoch later as evidence in Düsseldorf process against the Nazi war criminal , Franz Stangl, were used. 1945 deserted Hubert Pfoch from the armed forces and went back to Vienna. A good German.
———
http://de.wikipedia.org/w/inde­x.php?title=Datei:Project_Pape­rclip_Team_at_Fort_Bliss.jpg&f­iletimestamp=20051016163839
AMAZING photo of Nazi scientists who proudly smile for the cameras, for they have received their ‘get out of jail free’ card and come to America!

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?f=6&t=34223&start­=15
Proof of Nazi Waffen SS medical crimes at Dachau.

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?t=34223
Operation Paperclip. US Gov’t approved over 760 Nazi scientists and doctors admission to the US. Their records were ‘whitewashed’ to absolve them of Nazi crimes.

Maj General Walter Paul Emil Schreiber, sent to Argentina by the US gov’t. Fate unknown.


documentary film of Nazi “Death mills” by Billy Wilder. Very graphic. Viewer discretion advised. The only error I spotted was in the number of people estimated to have died in the camps. It should be around 11.5 to 12 million. The Nazis officially called these death camps, sonderlagen, ie “Special camps.”
——————

Jan 4, 1939 – “On January 4, 1939, President Roosevelt tells Congress that US neutrality policy must be re-examined.”[ask.com]
It took the US 1 year and 11 months and a few days to realize the futility of US neutrality. Thank Goodness that Roosevelt already had the draft in place, and Lend-Lease had been signed into law. There was no NATO at that time. The US -UK alliance was the only thing holding the democracies from being swamped by anti-democratic forces. France was weak, divided, and powerless. The Manhattan Project did not get under way until 1942. It was the most perilous hour.

=======
Along with Ernst Roehm, Edmund Heines was killed in 1934 (gay Nazis).
Other nazis:
Karl Harrer, d. 1926
Gottfried Feder , d. 1941
Emil Kirdof, d. 1938
Anton Drexler , d. 1942 (one of AH’s mentors. He left the NSDAP early on)
Dietrich Eckart, d. __ Hitler’s mentor
Karl Ernst Haushofer, d. 1946/ his son also was a member of the NSDAP, but turned against them in 1944.
——–

Hitler in his own words:

“we are well aware that this war could eventually only end that they be out-rooted from Europe or that they disappear.They have already spoken of the breaking up of the German Reich by next September, and with the help of this advance prophesy, and we say that the war will not end as the Jews imagine it will, namely, with the uprooting of the Aryans, but the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews. Now for the first time they will not bleed other people to death, but for the first time the old Jewish law of ‘An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth,’ will be applied. And the further this war spreads, the more antisemitism will spread. It will find strength in every prison camp, and in every family, which will understand that its sacrifices are because of this antisemitism. And the hour will come when the enemy of all times, or at least of the last thousand years, will have played his part to the end.” [Sportspalast speech, Adolf Hitler, 1942]

The same speech in German:

Wir sind uns dabei im klaren, daß dieser Krieg ja nur damit enden könnte, daß entweder die germanischen Völker ausgerottet werden, oder daß das Judentum aus Europa verschwindet. Ich habe am 1. September 1939 im Deutschen Reichstag es schon ausgesprochen – und ich hüte mich vor voreiligen Prophezeiungen -, daß dieser Krieg nicht so ausgehen wird, wie die Juden sich es vorstellen, nämlich daß die europäischen arischen Völker ausgerottet werden, sondern daß das Ergebnis dieses Krieges die Vernichtung des Judentums ist. Zum erstenmal werden nicht andere allein verbluten, sondern zum erstenmal wird diesesmal das echt altjüdische Gesetz angewendet: Aug’ um Aug’, Zahn um Zahn!

[Hitler speech, Sportspalast 1/30/1942] [Vernichtung des Judentums: destruction of the Jews.]
[as Judentum aus Europa verschwindet. The Jews from Europe disappear].
————

“Continual reports on the work of the Einsatzgruppen in the East are to be presented to the Fuhrer.”
Source, Ian Kershaw, Hitler, the Germans and the Final Solution. p. 105
re: Aug 1, 1941 Martin Bormann’s office.

Hitler admits that the British have impeded any mass Jewish emigration to “Palestine” thanks to the Arabs.
“Palestine, which has already been designated by a popular catchword as the target of emigration, cannot be considered as such because its absorptive capacity for a mass influx of Jews is insufficient. Under pressure of Arab resistance the British Mandatory Government has limited Jewish immigration into Palestine to a minimum.”

http://www1.yadvashem.org/abou­t_holocaust/documents/part1/do­c58.html

excerpt:http://stevenlehrer.com/Hitler­_threat.htm
the pre-war speech in which Hitler threatens the ‘destruction of the Jews.” The tape also can be found on Youtube. 1/30/39

“sondern die Vernichtung der jüdischen Rasse in Europa.” Hitler, 1/30/39
“The destruction of the Jewish race in Europe.”

Hungary:
“the Year 1944:.Hitler Threatens Horthy Because He Protects Hungary’s Jews.” en.wikipedia.org/wiki­Hitler:_Speeches_and_Proclamat­i­ons

The arguments claiming that Hitler knew nothing about the Holocaust are patently false and easily disprovable. Why did Hitler, at that late date in the war, attack his ally, Hungary, for ‘protecting Jews?’ In fact Hungary had persecuted and murdered Jews in the territories it had invaded. Yet Hitler found the time to make a speech attacking Hungary’s protection of its own Jews, just as the Red Army was arriving to liberate Eastern Europe from the Nazis.
——-

http://www.amazon.com/Essentia­l-Hitler-Speeches-Commentary/d­p/086516665X/ref=sr_1_2?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1304785889&sr=1-­2

References to the Holocaust: 28,33 121, 395, 401,402, 404-06, 819; The Jewish question, p. 373-426

Hitler’s speeches are filled with lies:
“It will calm you to learn that Germany does not, and did not, want to conquer the Ukraine. We have very limited interests, but we are determined to maintain those interests despite all dangers, despite anyone.” “I have neither toward England nor France any war claims, nor has the German nation since I assumed power.” “You know of my offers to England. I had only in mind the great goal of attaining the sincere friendship of the British people. “”In this campaign I gave an order to spare human beings.”

http://www.hitler.org/speeches­/09-13-39.html
More of Hitler’s lies. This one took place after the defeat of Poland.

“Then came the next day and nothing occurred except for Polish general mobilization, renewed acts of terror, and finally attacks against Reich territory.” “I knew if Poland chose war she chose it because others drove her into war.” “I ordered the German Air Force to conduct humanitarian warfare – that is, to attack only fighting troops.””And this is made simpler by the fact that the British assertion as to the unlimited character of German foreign policy is a lie. I am happy now to be able to refute this lie for British statesmen. British statesmen, who continually maintain that Germany intends to dominate Europe to the Urals now will be pleased to learn the limits of German political intentions.”


news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2011/04/evolution-of-f­inal-solution/
Photo of Dr Eugen Fischer. Does that kindly looking doctor look to you like the father of Nazi Euthanasia and Eugenics?

http://www.amazon.com/Death-De­liverance-Euthanasia-Germany-c­-1900/dp/0521477697/ref=sr_1_9­?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=130471350­5&sr=1-9
Michael Burleigh on Euthanasia

http://www.amazon.com/Death-Ma­rches-Final-Phase-Genocide/dp/­0674050495/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&­s=books&qid=1304713289&sr=1-1
Daniel Blatman, Death marches.

http://www.historytoday.com/blog/news-blog/paula-cowan/first-international-conference-antisemitism-and-holocaust-denial
Holocaust denial is like a virus in that it continually changes form.

Facebook, which in 2009 deleted two such groups from its website.

http://www.historytoday.com/roger-moorhouse/berliners-holocaust

Germany:
Few of the nearly 60,000 Berlin Jews suspected the truth: that they were being sent to their deaths.
Berliner Hermann Samter recorded this worrying turn of events in late January 1942. ‘Since the beginning of the year,’ he wrote, ‘no news has been heard from Litzmannstadt [Lódz]. Post sent there is returned with the note that no postal deliveries are being made in this or that street. It is suspected that typhus is the reason.’ When later transports departed directly to the death camps, no correspondence was received from the deportees at all. Samter again voiced the fears of many: ‘Of the thousand people who were supposedly taken to Kaunas on November 17th, not one of them has written. As a result, the widespread rumour has emerged that these people have been shot en route, or otherwise murdered.’


On Hungary:
http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/1982/feb/04/could-the-hungarian-jews-have-survived/
“It was clear to me that I, as a German, could not demand the Jews from the Hungarians. We had had too much trouble with that in Denmark. So I left the entire matter to the Hungarian authorities. Dr. Endre, who became one of the best friends I have had in my life, put out the necessary regulations, and Baky [d 1946] and his Hungarian gendarmerie carried them out. Once these two secretaries gave their orders, the Ministry of the Interior had to sign them.” [Eichmann, Life, December 5, 1961, p. 110]

Similarly, the German ambassador, Veesenmeyer, testified after the war that the deportations would have been impossible without “the enthusiastic participation of the entire Hungarian police apparatus.”

First of all, in Hungary, not the Germans but the Royal Hungarian Government ordered and carried out the deportations through its own gendarmes and civil servants. Sure, the Gestapo and the Nazi Foreign Ministry (Ambassador Veesenmayer) pressed for it, but the whole de-Jew-ification “cleansing” operation was a Hungarian enterprise from A to Z. Dr. Deak referred to the valuable document collection called Vádirat filled with edicts from Hungarian ministries, foremost among them the Secret Edict 6163/144 res. from the Ministry of the Interior ordering the round up and deportation-called-evacuation of the Jews. The Hungarian ministries acted and carried out the devilish plan of ridding Hungary of its Jews through their own officials and own security forces (gendarmes and police). The Jewish Council had nothing to do with it. The only exception was the Judenrat in Budapest, appointed by Eichmann, which did send out summons to fellow Jews to be arrested, interned, and in the end deported.

http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/1989/sep/28/the-incomprehensible-holocaust/

According to the historian Raul Hilberg, the United States alone captured 40,000 linear feet of documents on the murder of European Jews. Add to this other captured documents, police and court records, memoirs, oral histories, film documentaries, interviews, two thousand books in many languages (there are over ten thousand publications of varying size on Auschwitz alone), and we can say that the Holocaust is a uniquely well-documented historical event.

1200 British prisoners of war who worked in the Auschwitz III/I.G. Farben Buna factory, and whose experiences are virtually unknown. These POWs were taken from the ranks (officers did not have to serve on work-details) and witnessed daily all the horrors of Auschwitz III.

————–
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/genocide/holocaust_overview_01.shtml#seven

Thea Miesl [Thea Miesel] [Therese Miesel] was a female Nazi guard in several concentration camps during World War II.
Thea (Therese) Miesl (or Miesel) was born in Munich-Feldmoching, a Munich suburb on October 15, 1922. She worked various jobs, until her conscriptment into the SS Women’s Auxiliary (SS Gefolge) in early October 1944. On October 15, 1944, her twenty-second birthday, she entered the Ravensbruck concentration camp to begin her new career, a female guard in Nazi camps. For four weeks Thea trained under SS Stellvertretende Oberaufseherin (Replacement Chief Wardress) Dorothea Binz in the finer points of “Schadenfreude” (malicious pleasure). In mid-November 1944, Thea was one of several guards to guard a transport of women prisoners to the Dachau concentration camp near her home town of Munich. Somewhere between December 1944 and March 1945 Thea Miesl once again oversaw a transport of women prisoners to the Kaufering subcamp near Landsberg, Germany. Only a handful of women guards served in the chain of camps, nineteen in all, nine for women. In the camps, Thea was a cruel and cold hearted guard. She used abuse and brute force to terrorize female prisoners. In early April 1945, while the Kaufering camps were being evacuated, Thea left and went back to her home in Munich-Feldmoching. She has never been prosecuted for her war crimes.

——
http://www.filmcritic.com/revi­ews/2007/the-unknown-solider/
post-war German director Michael Verhoeven film on German reactions to the exhibition on the Wehrmacht’s criminal actions in Europe and Russia.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Keresaspa/Nazi_redlinks#S
more Nazis:
Rudolf Schleier, Von Ribbentrop’s man in Iraq. ” Rudolf Schleier was the German head of the French Nazi party prior to the occupation of France. He was heavily involved in the deportation of Jews, both French and émigré, from France to serve as forced labour in Germany or elsewhere in Europe, or to the death camps. He was extradited after the war from Germany to France and tried as a war criminal.”
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/releases/2003/may22/untitled.htm

Wilhelm Hauser

Gustav Richter (1913 — c.1982) was an aide to Nazi Adolf Eichmann during World War II. This Richter’s primary task was to take a census of the Jews in Romania. He planned the ghettoization and ultimate extermination of 300,000 Romanian Jews. Richter planned the deportation of Romanian Jews to the Belzec extermination camp in occupied Poland. His other task was to prevent the emigration of Jewish children from Romania to Palestine.

On 22 July 1942, Richter received permission from Romania’s Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, Mihai Antonescu, to deport the Romanian Jews to Belzec. However, while hundreds of thousands[citation needed] of Jews were killed[citation needed] in Romania, in general, Richter’s plan to deport them to Belzec fell through. He spent 10 years in a Soviet cell. Germany was kind however. In early 1982, Richter was sentenced to four years of imprisonment but was released on the basis that he had already spent time in prison whilst in the Soviet Union.


Richter’s boss:
Manfred Von Killinger d. 1944, who later indicated that, during the conflict, he had disfigured captured Red Guards[5] and had ordered a female Communist sympathizer to be whipped “until no white spot was left on her backside”.[6] An extremely brutal Nazi involved in the killing of many people during the Weimar Republic.

Adolf Beckerle, d. 1976, deportation of Bulgarian Jews
Dietrich von Jagow, Nazi in Hungary. dead 1945.
Guenther Altenburg (* June 5 1894 in Königsberg , † October 23 1984 in Bonn), was a witness at at Nuremberg. But don’t let that fool you. He was complicit.
Dr. Lazslo Baky, Hungary, executed 1946.*
Ernst Woermann (* March 30 1888 in Dresden , † July 5 1979 in Heidelberg )
Ambassador Hans [Hanns] Eland Ludin secured the deportation of at least 50,000 Slovak Jews to the death camps (d. 1947, executed).

Ferdinand Grobba (born Arthur Borg, alias Fritz Grobb, Fritz Grobba, alias Franz Gehrke) (1886–1973) tried to stir up trouble against Britain in Iraq.In February 1942, Grobba was named foreign ministry plenipotentiary for the Arab States, a job that entailed liaison between the Nazi German government and Arab exiles in Berlin, like Mohammad Amin al-Husayni. Ultimately, Grobba indicated that Hitler was never willing to lend his support to Arab independence and national self-determination.Grobba spent 10 years in Soviet imprisonment. [also on Yugoslavia page 2]

Von Ribbentrop d, 1946
In April 1943, during a summit meeting with Admiral Horthy of Hungary, Ribbentrop strongly and unsuccessfully pressed the Hungarians to deport their Jewish population to the death camps. Ribbentrop’s own views about the Holocaust were well summarized when during his meeting with Admiral Horthy, Ribbentrop declared “the Jews must either be exterminated or taken to the concentration camps. There is no other possibility.”

Von Ribbentrop.wiki bio “According to Ribbentrop’s French agent, Fernand de Brinon, Joachim Ribbentrop, who was markedly afraid of his wife, very much enjoyed his trips in Paris as it allowed him to engage in affairs without his wife being present.”

Holocaust in Rumania:
Grobba’s opponent : Werner Otto von Hentig (22 May 1886, Germany – 8 August 1984, Norway) was a German diplomat from Berlin.

Radu Lecca (February 15, 1890–1980) was a Romanian spy, journalist, civil servant and convicted war criminal. Helped Richter and Von Killinger rob Rumania’s Jews.He was returned into Romanian custody together with Ion Antonescu, Cristescu, Governor of Transnistria Gheorghe Alexianu, General Constantin Pantazi and General Constantin Vasiliu.

Additional controversy erupted in 2003, when some of Lecca’s judgments were uncritically used as sources for a Romanian manual on Holocaust history (called “disinformation textbook” and “extremely vulgar” by researcher Alexandru Florian)

Carl August Clodius

Gustav Adolf Baron Steengracht von Moyland (15 November 1902 – 7 July 1969]) was a German diplomat and politician of Dutch descent.

Herbert Krueger (* December 14 1905 in Krefeld ; † April 25th 1989 in Hamburg )
Ernst Forsthoff (* September 13 1902 in Laar , today Duisburg , † August 13 1974 in Heidelberg) nazi lawyer

Heinrich Georg Stahmer (Born Hamburg, Germany May 3, 1892 – died Vaduz, Lichtenstein June 13, 1978), Ribbentrop’s man in Japan

Emil Schumburg (* May 14th 1898 in Berlin , † February 17 1961 in Hannover ) German Foreign Office.

Hans Heinrich Nieland (* October 3 1900 in Hagen , Westphalia, † August 29 1976 in Reinbek by Hamburg ) Nazi, and Post-war mayor of Dresden.

Ernst Wilhelm Bohle (* July 28 1903 in Bradford , United Kingdom, † November 9th 1960 in Dusseldorf

Hitler’s translator, Paul Schmidt (d. 1970).
” In 1947, he testified for the prosecution against the directors of IG Farben.” (wikipedia bio)


more nazis:
Herbert Jankuhn, d. 1985;  Karl Kersten d 1992; Peter Paulsen, d. 1985; Heinrich Friedrich Wiepking Jurgen-Mann d. 1973; Alwin Seifert, d. 1972; Walter Christaller, d. 1969. Professor-Nazis.

The SS expanded into the countries that the Third reich occupied:
One of the most notorious groups was in the Netherlands where the Germanic-SS was employed to carry out Jewish round-ups. Those arrested were deported to Nazi concentration camps and death camps. Of the 140,000 Jews that had lived in the Netherlands prior to 1940, only 30,000 survived the war.

Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Beiglboeck (born October 10, 1905, Hochneukirchen, Lower Austria, Austria — November 22, 1963) Buxtehude, Lower Saxony, Germany. Dachau doctor was allowed to go free after a few years.

Konrad Meyer, d. 1973, war criminal, aide to Himmler in Crimea.

Alfred Eduard Frauenfeld (born 18 May 1898 in Vienna – died 10 May 1977 in Hamburg) was an Austrian Nazi leader.

Gustav Adolf Scheel (November 22, 1907 in Rosenberg, Baden — March 25, 1979 in Hamburg) was a German physician and “multifunctionary” in the time of the Third Reich (SA and SS member, Leader of the National Socialist Students’ Federation, Organizer of the SD in the southwest, Superior SS and Police Leader in Salzburg, Gauleiter in Salzburg from November 1941). As commander of the Security Police and the SD, he organized in October 1940 the deportation of Karlsruhe’s Jews to the death camps in the east. A MAJOR NAZI. Allowed to go free TWICE. Two or three years in detention, that’s all. Return to medical practice.

More nazi scientists, of various levels of guilt:

Heinz Brücher [Bruecher] (January 14, 1915 – December 17, 1991) was a member of special science unit SS Ahnenerbe (ancestral heritage), PhD (1938, Tübingen) in botany.

Konrad von Rauch. Herbert Jankuhn (born 8 August 1905 in Angerburg, East Prussia – 30 April 1990 in Göttingen) was a German archaeologist and supporter of the Nazi Party.

Wolf von Seefeld , SS mann, Ahnenerbe

Karl Diebitsch (January 3, 1899 — August 1985) was an artist and soldier responsible for much of the Third Reich SS regalia

Walther Wüst (7 May 1901, Kaiserslautern – 21 March 1993) was a prominent German Orientalist in the first half of the 20th century who became Rector of the University of Munich from 1941 to 1945. He was also a leading Nazi intellectual, and from 1937 the President of the Research Institute of the Ahnenerbe SS.

———

Frauen:

Nazi policies toward women.

women in the national socialist movement:
The women who were guards were called, Aufseherrin, and were not SS members. The typing pool were called helferrinen, yet without them the machinery of murder couldn’t have functioned.

‘Women typed the statistics of the murdered victims of the S.S. Action Squads in the east, operated the radios which called up for more bullets, were invariably the secretaries — and sometimes much more — in all the Gestapo posts,’ Ms Kompisch said. “Female Perpetrators: Women Under National Socialism’ by Katherin Kompisch.
========

more proof of the Holocaust:
According to the book “Nazi Death Camp,” around 100 members of the Sonderkommando who worked in the gas chamber buildings at Birkenau were among the 60,000 prisoners who were marched out of the camp, under SS escort, on January 18, 1945 when the three Auschwitz camps were abandoned. The Nazis didn’t anticipate that some of these Sonderkommando workers would survive and testify against them in war crimes trials after the war. Besides Tauber, there were two others, Szlama Dragon and Alter Feinsilber, aka Stanislaw Jankowski, who also testified about the gassing of the Jews at the trial of Rudolf Höss [Hoess] in Poland after the war. Three other members of the Sonderkommando [men who worked burning bodies], who were murdered after a few months on the job, had managed to hide their diaries, containing accounts of the gassing of prisoners at Birkenau, in containers which they buried in the ground to be discovered later by survivors.

http://www.bild.de/news/inland/­nazi-schergen/samuel-kunz-mutm­asslicher-ns-kriegsverbrecher-­ermordet-17231932.bild.html
the banality of evil: Photo of Nazi Guard, Samuel Kunz, who has since died.

[Kulmhof] Chelmno: Over 152,000 Jews were murdered there, and about 10,000 others.
” During 1962/63, twelve members of the SS who had served as guards in Chelmno stood trial in Bonn, Germany. For their war crimes they were sentenced to prison terms ranging form 1 to 20 years. Considering the enormity of the crimes they were accused of having committed these sentences are extremely light and certainly out of tune with reality.”
http://www.holocaust-lestwefor­get.com/chelmno-perpetrators.h­tml

Hermann Krumey (* April 18 1905 in Moravian Schönberg ; † November 27th 1981 in Erftstadt )’ Eichmann’s right hand man in Hungary; died in prison.

Heinrich Himmler’s adjutants:
Georg Wippern, d. spring 1993
Heinz Macher, died on 21 December 2001
Werner Grothmann was tried in 1962. Finally he worked as a businessman in Western Germany. He died in 2003.

Richard Schulze, adj to Hitler , d. 1988

Fritz Gebhardt von Hahn (born May 18 1911 in Shanghai , † January 31 2003 in Aschaffenburg ) was a German diplomat Unit III / Jewish question, racial politics.

Bene Otto (* September 20 1884 in Altenberg (Bergisch Land) ; † April 16 1973 ) was a German diplomat in the era of National Socialism .

WAR HERO:
Jan Karski, Polish Hero.
Karski’s impassioned plea on behalf of the Jews possibly influenced Roosevelt in his decision to set up the War Refugee Board on 22 January 1944, a move that was to have a beneficial effect, for by the war’s end the board had played an important role in saving approximately 200,000 Jews, mainly in Hungary and Rumania. If it had stimulated Roosevelt into action, it was the only tangible consequence of Karski’s brave effort to stop the killing.

———–
http://www.deathcamps.org/rein­hard/allies.html
The United States Office of Strategic Services received a report dated 20 June 1942 from Lisbon, that began with the words, “Germany is no longer persecuting the Jews. It is systematically exterminating them.”

“The annexed parts were controlled by a German administration ruled by a Gauleiter, a system similar in practice to that of the Reich itself. Nearly 1 million Poles were expelled from this German ruled area, while 600,000 Germans from eastern Europe and 400,000 from the German Reich were settled there.” http://www.deathcamps.org/occu­­pation/occupationintro.html
When the Germans complain about how they were expelled from Poland after the Soviets routed them, well now you know why!

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?f=38&t=121084&sta­rt=15
Albert Speer, Dr. Wilhelm Voss and Generalmajor Walter Doernberger also give roughly the same testimony in various publications that SS Obergruppenfuhrer Dr. Eng. Hans Kammler either took poison or ordered his adjutant to shoot him when the military situation became hopeless in the Prague region, May 1945.

SS Colonel Walter Greite (1907-1984)

http://forum.axishistory.com/d­ownload/file.php?id=126800
pic of Wilfred von Opel and Himmler together. Company historian of Opel, claims that he rejected use of concentration camp labor.

————-
http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,745087,00.html. Also see Time Magazine, search, “Hitler” for other articles.
TIME, Jan 1933

Proposing himself as Vice-Chancellor and Reich Commissioner for Prussia, Comrade von Papen argued that with this “safeguard” (himself) in the Cabinet it would be safe to appoint Hitler Chancellor. Devious but cogent, this proposition won 85-year-old Comrade von Hindenburg’s “Ja!”

Outside the Palace, thousands of Hitlerites roared guttural victory cheers.
“Heil Hitler! Deutschland erwache! Juda verrecke!” they bellowed as he emerged waving his black felt hat. “Hail Hitler! Germany awake! Perish Juda!”

Today it is no exaggeration to state that the Nazi Party is pledged to so many things that it is pledged to nothing. Abolition of interest (“usury”), expulsion of Jews from Germany, confiscation of department stores and the parceling out of their different departments to small merchants: these are but three pledges mouthed at Nazi mass meetings. More basic are the Party’s pledges to “scrap” the Treaty of Versailles and pay not a pfennig more in Reparations—but all German statesmen have those aims!

In 1928 the Party won a ludicrous twelve Reichstag seats; in 1930 it became second largest party with 107 seats. It has been largest since last August.

—–
TIME 1940
When the Dutch defenders managed to hold the bridgeheads leading to Rotterdam, the second city of the Netherlands, Hitler ordered that “this resistance be broken speedily.” A wave of bombers swept over the city and showered it with 2,200-lb. bombs, killing more than 800 people and destroying some 25,000 houses in less than 15 minutes.

Besides, the U.S. was embarrassingly weak, boasting an Army of barely three divisions and an Air Force with just over 300 fighters.

Pope Pius XI, 81, spoke with “bitter sadness” of Italy’s anti-Semitic laws, the harrying of Italian Catholic Action groups, the reception Mussolini gave Hitler last May, declared sadly: “We have offered our now old life for the peace and prosperity of peoples. We offer it anew.”

In the Reichstag elections of 1928 it polled 809,000 votes. Two years later 6,401,016 Germans voted for National Socialist deputies, while in 1932 the vote was 13,732,779. While still short of a majority, the vote was nevertheless impressive proof of the power of the man and his movement.

Called to power as Chancellor of the Third Reich on January 30, 1933 by aged, senile President Paul von Hindenburg, Chancellor Hitler began to turn the Reich inside out.

Germany’s 700,000 Jews have been tortured physically, robbed of homes and properties, denied a chance to earn a living, chased off the streets. Now they are being held for “ransom,” a gangster trick through the ages. But not only Jews have suffered. Out of Germany has come a steady, ever-swelling stream of refugees, Jews and Gentiles, liberals and conservatives, Catholics as well as Protestants, who could stand Naziism no longer.

TIME 1945
Seldom in human history, never in modern times, had a man so insignificantly monstrous become the absolute head of a great nation. It was impossible to dismiss him as a mountebank, a paper hanger. The suffering and desolation that he wrought was beyond human power or fortitude to compute. The bodies of his victims were heaped across Europe from Stalingrad to London. The ruin in terms of human lives was forever incalculable.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,797474,00.html#ixzz1MdRir3zw

Carl August Walther Sommerlath (22 January 1901 — 21 October 1990) was a German businessman and the father of Queen Silvia of Sweden. His brother also. Both were members of the Nazi party, and owned factories.

Auschwitz material added to “More on Auschwitz Birkenau. IG Farben” page,
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2010/02/24/more/

More dr names added to:
https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2011/02/01/nazi-drs-last-i-hope/

Institute for Research on the Jewish question; Nazi Doctors; Beevor, “Downfall”

05/06/2011

“By appointing Hitler Chancellor of the Reich you have handed over our sacred German Fatherland to one of the greatest demagogues of all time. I prophesy to you this evil man will plunge our Reich into the abyss and will inflict immeasurable woe on our nation. Future generations will curse you in your grave for this action,” the telegram from Ludendorff stated.
===============
More proof of the Holocaust:
There was a telex message on display, dated June 29, 1941 from Reinhard Heydrich, addressed to the four Einsatzgruppen leaders.
Here is the English translation of Heydrich’s telex message:
Efforts to carry out purges on the part of anti-Communist or anti-Jewish groups in the territories to be newly occupied must not be hampered. On the contrary, they are to be provoked although without leaving traces — if necessary intensified and carefully guided in the right direction. This must be done in such a way that these local ‘self defense groups’ will not be able to claim later on that they were given instructions or political assurances. [**]

Hans Joachim Sewering (30 January 1916 — 18 June 2010) was a German doctor. In World War II, he is alleged to have participated in transferring 900 Handicapped Catholic children into a camp where they were killed.[1][2]

W­ilhelm Schepmann, Chief of staff for the SA, dead 1970. He is the father of Richard Schepmann, head of the Neo-Nazi publishing house Teut-Verlag, who was jailed in 1983 for inciting racial hatred.

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04­/25/world/25schaefer.html?scp=­43&sq=nazi&st=cse

Paul Schaefer, dead nazi , Chile.

Did Germany prosecute Nazis?
Far from meting out severe punishment, German authorities took every conceivable step to acquit the clearly guilty, gave laughably short sentences where outright acquittal was impossible, re-employed guilty judges and prosecutors (often with enhanced salaries and positions of honor and responsibility) and gave generous pensions to those who could not be re-employed.

Johannes Goehler, SS, at Dachau. d. 2003

http://www.ama-assn.org/amedne­ws/2010/12/06/prsc1206.htm
Doctors infatuated with eugenics devised a legal program that sterilized 400,000 Germans with disabilities. An additional 200,000 “incurables” were killed. [My comment: Clearly it was society’s indifference to this first mass-murder operation that laid the foundations for the later ones. And it was German medicine that led the way.]

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/­alan-elsner/a-new-nazi-war-cri­mes-tri_b_438428.html
Samuel Kunz has apparently been living quietly for decades without anyone troubling him. [my comment: He has since died. This proves that German Justice system laughed in the face of the Holocaust victims]

Samuel Kunz testified more than once in the 1960s that he was at the camp and knew what was happening there. Most of the Belzec perpetrators were never brought to justice. Nine were put on trial in Munich in August 1963. All but one were acquitted. The defendants argued that they were only following orders ….
http://www.huffingtonpost.­com/alan-elsner/a-new-nazi-war­-crimes-tri_b_438428.html

http://www.archives.gov/press/­press-releases/2011/nr11-24.ht­ml
The passage of the Nazi War Crimes Disclosure Act in October, 1998, set into motion the most intense, large-scale U.S. government effort yet to declassify records relating to a single subject. Preliminary surveys by twelve Federal agencies yielded a universe of more than 600 million pages of potentially relevant records, with more detailed surveys narrowing the universe to about 100 million pages.

Fifteen years later, more than eight million pages have been identified as relevant and declassified under the law.

http://www.myexistenz.com/Rais­ondetre/Einstein.html

Ordinary citizens poured forth carrying volumes looted from libraries and private homes. ‘Jewish intellectualism is dead,’ propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, his face fiery, yelled from the podium.” Einstein also learned that his name was on a list of assassination targets, with a “$5,000 bounty on his head.” One German magazine included him in a list of enemies of the German regime with the phrase, “not yet hanged.” During the spring of 1933, Nazi student organizations, professors, and librarians made up long lists of books they thought should not be read by Germans. Then, on the night of May 10, 1933, Nazis raided libraries and bookstores across Germany. They marched by torchlight in nighttime parades, sang chants, and threw books into huge bonfires. On that night more than 25,000 books were burned. Some were works of Jewish writers, including Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud.

NYT, 52 Years and $750 Million Prove Einstein Was Right
By DENNIS OVERBYE
Published: May 4, 2011
===
Still living Nazi symp
96 year old Elizabeth Frenzel, dissertation, “The figure of the Jew in the modern German stage.” Her dissertation reveals glowing enthusiasm for National Socialism and the racial theories of Hans FK Günther-based anti-Semitism.
=============
One source:
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institut zur Erforschung der Judenfrage

Helmut Stellrecht, d. 1987; Werner Keoppen, d. 1994; Karl Hanke (?); Hans Hagemeyer, d. 1993; Matthes Ziegeler, d. 1992; Heinrich Harmjanz, d. 1994.

Institute for research on the Jewish question.
The Institute was established on 26 March 1941 in Frankfurt. The presentations of the three-day opening event of “national death” of the Jews as a goal was formulated. It was to be achieved by “impoverishment of the European Jews at forced labor in huge camps in Poland.”

Wilhelm Grau, d. 2000; Walter Frank, d. 1945; Fritz Fischer, d. 1999, Hermann Kellenbenz, d. 1990; Guenther Franz d. 1992, Herbert A. Frenzel, d. 1995; Alfred Baumler, d. 1968; Friedrich Krebs, d, 1961; Ersnst Schulte Strathaus; Hermann Schneider; Ulrich Fleishhauer , d. 1960; Peter-Heinz Seraphim, d. 1979; Karl Springenschmid d. 1981; Georg Poensgen, d. 1974.

Apart from the actual importance of the Jewish question, the library for the research of the Jewish question assumes a high position in the realm of German libraries with its present collection of about 550,000 volumes because this Frankfurt library could be brought to such a degree of completeness as regards the literature on the Jewish question as never before in Europe or elsewhere. In the New Order of Europe Organization the library for the Jewish question not only for Europe but for the world will arise in Frankfurt and Main.http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/genocide/Rosenberg6.htm

Ernst Krieck (* June 6th 1882 in Vögisheim , † March 19 1947 in the internment Moosburg an der Isar ) was a German teacher, writer and professor. Died in prison.

Dr. Walter Gross (written Groß in German) (21 October 1904 – 25 April 1945) was a German physician appointed to create the Office for Enlightenment on Population Policy and Racial Welfare. Suicide.

Walter Frank. Suicide, 1945.
In the spring of 1945 Kellenbenz – presumably following orders – in his capacity as a research officer burned for days all the files of the Munich-based “research department Jewish question”. source: Wikipedia.de.

===========
nazi drs:

Dr. Robert Ritter (d. 1951); Dr Hans F.K. Guenther (d. 1968);
Dr Ernst Rudin (d. ); Dr Eugen Fischer (de. 1967, no punishment; heavily involved in Nazi science and race laws). Dr. Fritz Lenz, d. 1976.
source:
news.harvard.edu/gazett­e/story/2011/04/evolution-of-f­inal-solution/

dannyreviews.com/h/Murd­erous_Science.html
Benno Mueller Hill book on Nazi drs.
——-
Ophthalmologist who fought against the Nazis:
http://webweekly.hms.harvard.e­du/archive/2006/0327/spotlight­.html

http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/si­te/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=3947­85
list of Books and articles on Nazi Medicine

http://www.thecrimson.com/arti­cle/2011/4/15/exhibit-eugenics­-holocaust-nazi/
Harvard exhibit on Nazi Drs.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_­depth/8481343.stm
Good article on Nazi hunting. Simon Weisenthal center: “Germany’s increase in cases is the most dramatic – from 27 [investigations] in 2008-09 to 177 in 2009-10.”

Max de Crinis (* May 29th 1889 in Ehrenhausen in Graz , † May 2 1945 suicide in Stahnsdorf in Berlin Euthanasia doctor

Edmund Geilenberg, nazi engineer d. 1964, associated with Speer. Never punished.

“The Hitler Book”, Stalin’s dossier on Adolf Hitler, on amazon. It does contain a reference to SS General Hans Kammler, indicating he is ‘thought to have committed suicide.”

http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20­110503/wl_afp/hungaryserbiawwi­iwarcrimesnazicourt
Hungarian soldier Kepiro to go on trial. He escaped from justice in 1946. However, he’s 97 years old.

German Ambassador to Hungary, Veesenmeyer, testified after the war that the deportations would have been impossible without “the enthusiastic participation of the entire Hungarian police apparatus.”

Robert Scholz (* 9. Februar 1902 in Olmütz; † 15. Januar 1981) art crimes
Gerhard Utikal (* April 15 1912 in Frederick Graetz , Upper Silesia , † November 5th 1982 in Remscheid ), art thief. Not much punishment.

Bruno Lohse (September 17, 1911 — March 19, 2007) was a German art dealer who, during World War II, became the chief art looter in Paris for Hermann Göring, helping the Nazi leader amass a vast collection of plundered artworks. During the war, Göring boasted that he owned the largest private art collection in Europe.[1] They gave amnesty to this thief.

“On the evening of 5 August 1941, in the presence of Nietsch, Paulsen, Krallat, Remerssen, Lieben, and others, Von Kunsberg informed us of Von Ribbentrop’s verbal order according to which all scientific institutions, libraries, palaces, et cetera, in Russia were to be thoroughly ‘combed out’ and everything of definite value was to be carried off”.
The Nazis were out to loot Europe and Russia blind. The Amber Room has never been found.

http://shop.history.com/dead-m­ens-secrets-tracking-nazi-gold­-dvd/detail.php?p=68990&v=hist­ory-education_subjects_social-­studies_military-history_world­-war-ii

German “Justice”: “Many ofthe perpetrators had substantial jobs in the postwar years,” he says. “They weren’t going to talk back then.” source: Laurence Rees, BBC.

Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State DVD 2PK
BBC
Item No.: AINS4002 DVD Set
This 6-part series tells the story of the Auschwitz, site of the largest mass murder in history. Writer Laurence Rees and his team interviewed over 100 witnesses, including former Nazi perpetrators who speak on the record for the first time. Their story is brought to life through archived footage, recreations of key moments, computer reconstructions based on recently discovered plans of the camp, and their testimony.

The Final Solution: Part One; The Final Solution: Part Two
BBC added more material to a DVD

World at War, BBC series no. 20 “Genocide (1941–1945)” 27 March 1974
Begins with the founding of the S.S. and follows the development of Nazi racial theory. It ends with the implementation of the Final Solution. [needs a link to youtube video]

http://www.nytimes.com/1988/07­/11/obituaries/richard-schulze­-kossens-hitler-adjutant.html

http://www.historylearningsite­.co.uk/Women Nazi Germany.htm

Women were not expected to work in Nazi Germany . In Weimar Germany there had been 100,000 female teachers, 3000 female doctors and 13,000 female musicians. Within months of Hitler coming to power, many female doctors and civil servants were sacked. This was followed by female teachers and lawyers. By the start of the Second World War, very few German women were in fulltime work.
my comment: I think this is the real reason that so many supported the Nazis; they took jobs from women and gave them to men. Why do American historians refuse to look this fact in the face?

J­ames Vincent Murphy, Irish Priest, translated Mein Kampf into coherent prose.
Father Staempfle, German Priest, edited Mein Kampf. Killed during the “night of the long knives.’
——————————————-
Beevor, “Downfall.”
The rest of the Nazi upper echelon – the so-called “Golden Pheasants” – were no better. As Berlin’s fall became imminent, some 2,000 of them caught trains to the south. Of those who stayed, Hitler’s No 2, Martin Bormann, and SS General Mohnke ordered the execution of any Germans who failed to stay right to the bitter end. That order cost at least 10,000 lives. In the meantime, its two authors had already brought civilian clothes into the bunker ready for their own escape. —

At a time when neo-Nazis look back at this past and find it glorious, Beevor reminds us forcefully of its epic strategic foolishness and hypocrisy. Here was a leader who had set out to smash Bolshevism, but whose actions brought it right into the heart of Europe. Here was a strategist, supposedly of genius, who stuck with the Ardennes offensive long after it had failed, who instead of reinforcing the Eastern Front sent SS panzer troops from the Vistula to Hungary, who let two whole armies stay idle in the Baltics rather than rush them back to defend the Reich, who routinely ordered impossible positions to be needlessly defended. Who, unlike Stalin, never listened to his generals.

The Germans knew exactly what was coming. Heinz Guderian, the Nazi general in charge of the Eastern Front, told Hitler that his intelligence sources estimated the Russians had a superiority of 11 to one in infantry, seven to one in tanks, and 20 to one in planes and artillery. Hitler told him he was talking rubbish. It was preposterous. Under no circumstances were any troops to be switched from the Western Front. It was just an enormous bluff. The Russians wouldn’t invade at all.
http://www.arlindo-correia.com­/040702.html


In fact the Supreme Allied Commander, General Eisenhower, had no intention of robbing the Red Army of its prize. By 11 April, American troops were within 48 hours of Berlin, but they advanced no further. The Americans judged that the political gain was not worth the inevitable casualties, not realising that the German armies were almost desperate to surrender to the Allies rather than risk capture by the Russians. Churchill advocated seizing the capitals of Berlin, Prague and Vienna before they were overrun by the Red Army, but his voice no longer counted.
http://www.arlindo-cor­reia.com/040702.html

Beevor comments on this in his book on Berlin noting that on the 19th March Hitler issued what became known as the “Nero” order. Hitler called for the destruction of Bridges, factories and pretty much anything that the enemy might be able to use. Speer argued against this, originally saying that their destruction meant “eliminating all further possibility for the German people to survive”. Hitler replied “This time you will recieve a written reply to your memorandum. If the war is lost, the people will also be lost [and] it is not necessary to worry about their needs for elemental survival. On the contrary it is best for us to destroy even those things. For the nation has proved to be weak, and the future belongs entirely to the strong people of the east. Whatever remains after this battle is in any case only the inadequates, because the good ones will be dead.” Hitler, quote from Beevor.

—————
more proof of the Holocaust:
Mauthausen concentration camp was established in Austria while Kaltenbrunner was the Higher SS and Police Leader for Austria, and was frequently visited by Kaltenbrunner before he was appointed Chief of the Security Police and SD (L-51). On the occasion of one such visit in 1942, Kaltenbrunner personally observed the gas chamber in operation (2753-PS). http://www.jewishvirtuallibrar­y.org/jsource/Holocaust/Kalten­brunner.html

May 2011. Concordat. Wehrmacht. More evidence of the Holocaust.

05/01/2011

Soon after Roosevelt’s death, and with the blessing of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff, Dulles initiated “Operation Overcast” in July
1945. Initially, 350 Nazi scientists, chemical weapons designers,
and ballistics and rocketry experts and engineers, including SS officers, Dr. Herbert Axster, Dr. Arthur Rudolph, Georg Richkey, Kurt Blome, and Werner Von Braun and his V2 rocket team, were
smuggled into the United States.”Operation Paperclip.”
—-
Still controversial: the Concordat between National Socialism and the Catholic Church:

*”Similarly, Pope Pius XII declared in 1929: “Either I’m wrong really, or this all will not end well. That creature is wholly owned by himself, everything he said and wrote bears the stamp of his selfishness; he is a man to step over corpses and trample everything in his intended path - I cannot understand why so many people in Germany, even among the best, do not see it, or at least not draw any lesson from what he writes and says. – Who among all these people read the book only to have their hair stand on their heads ? “” 7 from “Mein Kampf”, French wiki, transl. by google.

Edoardo Alfieri detto Dino ( Bologna , 8 December 1886 – Milan , 1966 ) was a political Italian Italy’s Ambassador to the Vatican. Condemned after the war to death, he fled, and returned a few years later, all SINS forgotten. [/source]

The Church and Concordat:
Ludwig Kaas (23 May 1881 — 15 April 1952) was a German Roman Catholic priest and politician during the Weimar Republic. He was the go-between b/w Hitler and Cardinal Pacelli later Pope.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/H­ermann Wilhelm Berning
Catholic Church leader, 1933.

In April 1933 he was welcomed with other German bishops, the new Nazi state and urged the faithful to reverence and obedience to the new system. [initially he supported the nat’l socialist movement. ]
In early 1934, Berning changed his views on the Nazi regime, and expressed in sermons in the Osnabrück Cathedral his increasingly critical opinions of it. Since then, he refused racism and euthanasia. From mid-1941 Bishop denounced the killing and enslavement of people from the pulpit. The New Year’s sermon on 31 December 1941, Berning was brought into conflict with Goering. As the Prussian State Council Berning often negotiated until 1943, but mostly unsuccessful with the national government to help people.

http://www.huppi.com/kangaroo/­L-hitler.htm
The Church dissolved all Catholic organizations in Germany, including the Catholic Center Party. *Bishops were to take an oath of loyalty to the Nazi regime. The Concordat eliminated all Catholic resistance to Hitler. the Catholic press would remain one of the Third Reich’s best disseminators of propaganda. Pacelli became the new Pope Pius XII in 1939, and he immediately improved relations with Hitler. He broke protocol by personally signing a letter in German to Hitler expressing warm hopes of friendly relations. (ibid)
sources: Der Vatican und der krieg, 1961; Guenther Lewy, Catholic Church and Nazi Germany (p. 304)

In 1933, the Catholic Center Party cast its large and decisive vote in favor of Hitler’s Enabling Bill. This bill essentially gave Chancellor Hitler the sweeping dictatorial powers he was seeking. Historian Guenter Lewy describes a meeting between Hitler and the German Catholic authorities shortly afterwards:

“On 26 April 1933 Hitler had a conversation with Bishop Berning and Monsignor Steinmann [the Catholic leadership in Germany]. The subject was the common fight against liberalism, Socialism and Bolshevism, discussed in the friendliest terms. In the course of the conversation Hitler said that he was only doing to the Jews what the church had done to them over the past fifteen hundred years. The prelates did not contradict him.”

http://www.huppi.com/kang­aroo/L-hitler.htm

On the other hand, the Church did help the Jews but behind the scenes:

According to a newspaper article by Washington Times writer Jay Bushinsky in January 2007, Monsignor Angelo Roncalli, the papal ambassador to Turkey, worked with Chaim Barlas, a Jewish Agency Rescue Committee official, to persuade the Pope to help the Hungarian Jews. Roncalli and Barlas worked together to save around 12,000 Hungarian Jews by making false baptismal certificates for them and issuing travel papers. Roncalli wrote letters to Pope Pius XII urging him to ask Miklos Horthy to stop the deportation of the Hungarian Jews. In June 1944, the Pope contacted Horthy and asked him to stop the deportation, which Horthy finally did in July. Roncalli later became Pope John XXIII.
source: Washington Times
[Nevertheless, Eichmann was able to get another 76,000 Hungarian Jews deported in the autumn of 1944.]

Labor:
Once in power, Hitler showed his true colors by promptly breaking all his promises to workers. The Nazis abolished trade unions, collective bargaining and the right to strike. An organization called the “Labor Front” replaced the old trade unions, but it was an instrument of the Nazi party and did not represent workers. http://www.huppi.com/kangaroo/­L-hitler.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K­onrad Heiden
German author who tried to warn the world about Hitler

conspiracy theorists:
Sheikh Ekrima Sa’id Sabri (Arabic: عكرمة سعيد صبري‎) was the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and Palestine from October 1994 to July 1, 2006. Denied the Holocaust.

In 1893,Theodor Fritsch published his most famous work, The Handbook of the Jewish Question also known as the Anti-Semitic Catechism . He died in 1933.
============================================
On personal weapons:

Two days after Kristallnacht:
On November 11, 1938, the Minister of the Interior, Wilhelm Frick, passed Regulations Against Jews’ Possession of Weapons. This regulation effectively deprived all Jews of the right to possess firearms or other weapons.

“The most foolish mistake,” Hitler once remarked, “would be to allow the subject races to possess arms.”
http://www.timesonline.co.uk/t­ol/comment/columnists/guest_co­ntributors/article5897827.ece

———–
Demjanjuk:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/worl­d-europe-12321549
BBC updates all day on Ivan Demjanjuk case. 88-year-old Klaas Carel Faber, convicted more than 60 years ago by a Dutch court of complicity in 22 wartime murders, would not be extradited because Faber’s consent as a German citizen was required, and he refused.

Ivan Demjanjuk has been found GUILTY
boston.com/news/wor­ld/europe/articles/2011/05/12/­germany_wont_extradite_nazi_co­nvict/
Although Germany found Demjanjuk guilty, they also let this Dutch nazi stay free.

“Defence attorney Ulrich Busch told the Munich court on Wednesday that even if Demjanjuk did become a prison guard, he did so only because as a prisoner of war he would have either been shot by the Nazis or died of starvation.” First his defense claimed he wasn’t a guard; then they said ‘if he was a guard’ then he was forced to be one.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/worl­d-europe-13367098 most wanted
Adam Nagorny, guard at Treblinka. It is particularly heinous that Germany has taken so long to indict and prosecute these men.

====

Nazi “Death mills,” or Todesmuehlen. Powerful documentary made after the war. It is now believed that b/w 11 and 12 million died, starved, and were killed in Nazi camps.
———-

Powerful fifty minute post-war documentary explores German history to find out what could have caused the War and the Holocaust. Germany had been a militaristic nation since Frederick the Great. Bismarck, the Kaisers, and then Hitler — were warmongers. What could have changed between WWI and II to make Germany reject the rules of war and attack civilians as a matter of policy?

Military; State Officials; Industrialists; Big Business & Landowners. Four forces that made up the backbone of the state and society. All of them were for corporal Hitler. Hitler and the Nazis did not ‘seize power’ – they were given power by these powers. Hindenburg accepted Von Papen’s choice of Hitler as Chancellor.
—–
PROOF: The Nazis stripped the corpses of everything useful. One gruesome exhibit – 7 tons of human hair – shows traces of poison gas, proving that the prisoners’ heads were shaved AFTER they had been gassed.
http://www.johndclare.net/Nazi­_Germany3_Auschwitz.htm

http://joedresch.wordpress.com­/2011/05/07/holocaust-survivor­-speaks-on-being-a-teen-in-aus­chwitz-birkeneau/ It should be mandatory reading for young people who can have no idea of what another generation went through.

Bild recently gleaned some key information from just a few of the 4,000 pages of the BND’s secret Eichmann file which tells another story. It shows that West German intelligence already knew in 1952 that Eichmann was in Argentina, where he was living with his wife and children under his own name.
Adenauer’s close adviser, Hans Globke, helped strip Jews of their rights under the Nazis. This was a widely publicized scandal, but it only distracted from the larger shame that countless lesser-known Nazis lived and worked under the radar throughout West German society, including within the ranks of the BND.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05­/09/arts/anniversary-of-adolf-­eichmanns-trial-sheds-light-on­-postwar-germany.html?_r=1&src­=me&ref=general

more evidence :
“Dr. Hans Münch [Dr Muench] said that the women were sent to the gas chamber when the experiments were completed. He explained that the experimental subjects were “secret-bearers” who could not be allowed to live because they were witnesses.” from Last Days, Spielberg film. Germany nevertheless acquitted him of all wrongdoing.


Nerin E. Gun was a Turkish journalist who was imprisoned at Dachau in 1944; his job was to take down the names and vital information from Hungarian Jewish women who were on their way to be gassed in the fake shower room in the Dachau crematorium.
In his book entitled “The Day of the Americans,” published in 1966, Gun wrote the following regarding his work at Dachau:

I belonged to the team of prisoners in charge of sorting the pitiful herds of Hungarian Jewesses who were being directed to the gas chambers. My role was an insignificant one: I asked questions in Hungarian and entered the answers in German in a huge ledger. The ^administration of the camp was meticulous. It wanted a record of the name, address, weight, age, profession, school certificates, and so on, of all these women who in a few minutes were to be turned into corpses. I was not allowed in the crematorium, but I knew from the others what went on in there.

Auschwitz:
The Jews who were neither gassed nor registered at Auschwitz upon arrival, but instead were transferred to a labor camp, were called *Durchgangsjuden [needs exact translation]. It seems that the Auschwitz Museum now accepts 1.1 million Jews killed at Auschwitz. Rudolf Hoess initially testified in his 1947 trial in Poland, that 1 million Jews , approximately, had been killed there. Later he said more, under pressure.

Höttl [Hoettl], Eichmann’s assistant, had been recruited to work with American intelligence.
The sub-section (of RSHA) concerned with the Jews, controlled by Eichmann and Hans Gunther [d. 1945]. “In the summer of 1941, I cannot remember the exact date, I was suddenly summoned to the Reichsführer SS, directly by his adjutant’s office. Contrary to his usual custom, Himmler received me without his adjutant being present and said in effect:

“The Führer has ordered that the Jewish question be solved once and for all and that we, the SS, are to implement that order. […] I have now decided to entrust this task to you. […] You will learn further details from Sturmbannführer Eichmann of the Reich Security Head Office who will call on you in the immediate future.””

NEW:5/15/11

Also, photo of Hitler next to the old order. Plus qu’il change…

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/D­er_Weg_zum_Wiederaufstieg
“The way to rebirth”, Hitler’s pamphlet. Few copies exist. Given to German businessmen, who received it with enthusiasm.

Between 1933 and 1938, translations of Mein Kampf appeared in Danish, Swedish, Spanish, and French. [14] The first English translation was published in September 1939.
source, Mein Kampf, German wikipedia. No wonder the Allies were mentally asleep!

*Fritz Darges, d. 2009, Waffen SS, Adj to Hitler. Published memoirs may bring to light any more info on Hitler’s knowledge of the Holocaust. Darges was the last surviving member of Hitler’s inner circle and was present for all major conferences, social engagements and policy announcements for four years of the war.

Adolf von Bomhard, d. 1976

The Nazis felt no personal responsibility. They acted as a group, lived as a group, thought as a group. The subordination of the individual to the group and to the State, -that is the psychological mechanism that turned ordinary men into killers.
The Germans obviously had some psychological sense of inferiority and needed to step on others to feel superior. The ones who worked in the camps mainly did so to avoid going to the front, and yet show that they were ‘men in uniform.’ Scum.

The Allies used destructive methods because the Axis used slave labor and death camps. The productive capacity of the cities were integral to their war effort, and hence were considered to be legitimate targets. Speer moved the facilities of war production underground. Hans Kammler enslaved tens of thousands of foreigners to produce rockets, planes and bombs. The Allies couldn’t be civil with such criminal regimes — they needed to be destroyed.

proof in one paragraph: Hitler ‘s translator Paul Schmidt testified on the Holocaust during the IG Farben trial. Eichmann adjutants testified against him. Both Eichmann and Rudolf Hoess acknowledged that at least 1 million Jews had been killed at Auschwitz Birkenau. The Nazis used statisticians, Korherr and Hoefle; and they used IBM machines to calculate the number of deaths at the camps. The telexed messages were sent from the camps to the Reich Chancellery. There’s plenty of proof of the Holocaust.

J­oerg Friedrich, author of “The Fire”, a controversial work on the Allied fire-bombings of Dresden and other cities. He ackowledges that German Luftwaffe pilots attacked Britain first. Does he remember the Luftwaffe attacks on Madrid and Guernica?
——
One mustn’t forget the Battle of the Atlantic: tens of thousands of merchant marinemen of Britain , Canada and the US lost their lives due to the U boat menace. [corrected]

http://www.boston.com/news/wor­ld/europe/articles/2011/05/02/­jews_march_to_auschwitz_to_hon­or_holocaust_victims/ powerful image

The Israeli flag is the same color as the sky. Blue and white. The Nazis chose a Yellow star.
Imagine what an impression it would have made in Europe if the Pope had put on a Yellow Star!

http://news.yahoo.com/nphotos/­slideshow/photo//110502/481/ur­n_publicid_ap_org_a0dc8e7c96e8­485bb1817b2ece69ca6b/
Star of David raised by young girl nearby to Auschwitz-Birkenau.

“Between 1940 and 1945, about 300,000 mentally ill people were killed in Germany. Another 400,000 were sterilized against their will.” They also killed the disabled and infirm.
http://www.dw-world.de/dw/arti­cle/0,,14799289,00.html

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/arti­cle/0,,14799289,00.html
German exhibit on Topf and sons, the German oven-manufacturers.

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/arti­cle/0,,14973508,00.html
German exhibit addresses the issue of Police complicity in nazi crimes.

http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/eu_­germany_crimes_of_the_fathers


BBC video series, on the rise of Hitler and Nazis. The middle class fears of revolution from below by the Communists led many to choose to vote for them. Almost 45 percent of German voters
==
more nazis:

Allianz’s leadership, represented by directors Kurt Schmitt d. 1950 and Eduard Hilgard, led a policy of drawing nearer to the Nazis, even before they seized power.
Philip Kessler.
Eduard Hilgrand.
Adolf von Bromhard, d. 1976
Walter Stennes (1895-1989)
Heinrich Pernet, ?
Otto Wagener (29 April 1888 – 9 August 1971) was a German major general and, for a period, Adolf Hitler’s economic advisor.
Arthur Moeller van den Bruck , born 23 April 1876 in Solingen in Westphalia , died on 30 May 1925 in Berlin. Forgotten author, credited with the phrase “The Third Reich;” which Hitler borrowed.

Did the Nazis have a cure for typhus? I don’t think so. The US military arrived with DDT which proved incredibly infective. The number of people in the USA who have died of Typhus compared with those in Europe is incredibly miniscule.


Nazi policies toward women. The heated arguing on the video shows how much ignorance there is about the Holocaust around the world, and this is where the deniers come in to the picture.


disturbing video of Nazi helferinnen ( SS women “helpers”).

5/12/11

Conclusion? No, more to come!

04/11/2011

I’d like to thank you all for reading my work.

example of Resistance to Nazis:
Reinhold Karl Eduard Schulte (* January 4 1891 in Dusseldorf , † January 6 1966 in Zurich ) was a German industrialist. He was general manager of the largest zinc producer George of Giesche heirs and opponents of National Socialism . Opponent of Nazis, passed on messages about the Holocaust. How come he resisted and others didn’t?

====
Last days in the bunker:

Albert Bormann, also worked in the Reich Chancellory.
d 1989

Martin Bormann may indeed have died in Berlin during the final days , since his body was found alongside that of Dr. Stumpfegger, although of course it could have been moved there. Amend any refs in my blog to him disappearing, which is speculative, and I think is inconclusive. In truth, no one can prove what was Bormann’s fate once he had left the bunker.

Dr Hugo Johannes Blaschke (14 November 1881 — 6 December 1959) was a German dental surgeon notable for being Adolf Hitler’s personal dentist from 1933 to April 1945 and for being the chief dentist on the staff of Heinrich Himmler with the rank of SS Brigadeführer.

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?f=38&t=88208

More names associated with Adolf Hitler’s bunker.

Stumpfegger, Dr. One of Hitler’s Doctors, allegedly died alongside Martin Bormann acc to wiki de.

Günter Weltzin

Hanna Reitsch, German female pilot, d. 1979. Certainly associated with Nazis, although she was not a member of the Party.

Johann Peter Baur , called Hans Baur , (* June 19 1897 in Ampfing ; † February 17th 1993 in Herrsching )
Adolf Hitler’s PILOT. Kempke, along with Hans Baur, claimed to have seen Bormann dead. Sounds suspicious, doesn’t it? Why take their word for it?

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/­2011/03/09/eva-braun-hitlers-wife-photos_n_833403.html

Erich Kempka [Kempke] (* 16. September 1910 in Oberhausen; † 24. Januar 1975 in Freiberg am Neckar) war SS-Mitglied und von 1932 bis 1945 Hitlers Fahrer.
Purportedly he helped burn Hitler’s body. Kempke or Kempka

Wilhelm Burgdorf, d. 1945, also was in bunker, along with Krebs (d. 45), and Rattenhuber (d. ?) Can we trust their accounts? No one actually saw Hitler die.

Walter Wagner (notary) , married Hitler to Eva Braun. d. 1945.

On 28 April, Hitler ordered Robert Ritter von Greim to leave Berlin and have Reitsch fly him to Plön so that he could arrest Heinrich Himmler for treason. That night, they only just managed to get away, taking off from the Tiergarten strip before the eyes of soldiers of the Soviet 3rd Shock Army – who initially feared they had just seen Hitler’s escape.

Both Von Greim and Reitsch were among the last to fly from AH’s bunker.
How is it that two of the worst Nazis managed to conveniently ‘disappear’ before the bitter end of the war? Reitsch flew to Plon, I believe, near the coast, from which they could have been evacuated by sea. We may never know the truth. Himmler disappeared, and surrendered himself and conveniently died before he could tell the British much. Hugh Trevor Roper’s acct is entirely based on ‘eyewitness’ reports. The Soviets claimed to find Hitler’s body, along with Eva’s, yet they took no photographs.

The skull they displayed was of a woman. The jawbone could have been faked.

Nicolaus von Below, d. 1983
Was in the Bunker at the finale

Walter Frentz, Leni Riefenstahl’s cameraman
2004

Fritz Darges (8 February 1913 — 25 October 2009) was an Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) in the Waffen SS

SS-Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke (15 March 1911 — 6 August 2001)

Ernst-Günther Schenck (3 October 1904 — 21 December 1998) , another Nazi Dr. but who at least did some redeeming acts at the end of the war.

Dr. Walter Gross (written Groß in German) (21 October 1904 — 25 April 1945) was head of the Race Dept of Physicians. Burned thousands of documents. Suicide.

SS Otto Hellwig. sentence was apparently suspended on appeal, died a free man in Hannover on 20.08.1962.

Gerhart Panning,another Nazi Dr.

General Michał Vituška (Belarusian Міхал Вітушка; 5 November 1907 Nesvizh — 16 April 2006, Munich) was a Belarusian politician and Nazi collaborationist during World War II.

Hermann Priess (May 24, 1901 — February 2, 1985) was the commander of 3rd SS Division Totenkopf

*Ernst Albrecht von Siemens (9 April 1903 in Kingston upon Thames – 31 December 1990 in Starnberg), the son of Carl Friedrich von Siemens, was a German industrialist and one of the successors of his family’s company.

He studied physics at Technical University of Munich. He joined Siemens in 1929, beginning his career at the Werner Plant for Telecommunications in Berlin. After being a deputy member of the Managing Board of Siemens Halske for five years, he became a full member in 1948 [***hence was a deputy member from 1943-5, when they empoyed slave labor at Auschwitz-Birkenau.]
—–
march comments:
Instead of immediately seeking to bring to justice those responsible for the murders, the Lithuanian authorities introduced a wide-scale rehabilitation program under which tens of thousands of Lithuanians previously convicted by Soviet courts were granted pardons and awarded generous compensation.
http://www.lithuanianjews.org.­il/HTMLs/article_list4.aspx?C2­014=14320&BSP=14308&BSS59=1430­8

Operation Blue, Hitler’s plan to take the Caucausus, but also to have Rommel’s tanks take much of the Mideast . The British/Commonwealth troops and the Red Army stopped it from being successful. It’s impt to mention, even though the plan failed, because it shows that Hitler’s War was also about obtaining Oil.

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?f=34&t=166050&sta­rt=60

” The Brazilian fighter group on Thunderbolts was cited on one occasion as the most accurate US-commanded ground attack unit in theatre.

And you will look in vain in English language books for the activities of Brazilian vessels in the Battle of the Atlantic. By early 1945 they were conducting all convoy escorts south of Trinidad.

And then there are the twenty or more merchant ships and hundreds of crew lost and the tens of thousands of Brazilians who died tapping rubber in the Amazon in a desperate effort to make up for the loss of natural rubber plantations to the Japanese in the Far East. ”
=======
a few more names:
Fritz Spitzl

Hellmuth Felmy (1885 – 1965) was a Nazi war criminal, German military officer during World War I, the interwar period, and World War II.

Walter Warlimont (* 3 October 1894 Osnabrück, Germany – † 9 October 1976 Kreuth near the Tegernsee

http://redo.me.uk/news/www.bbc­.co.uk/news/uk-12988334
Britain: discovered Nazi film reveals SS man, who had denied all involvement, in building of slave labor road across Ukraine.

http://www.express.co.uk/posts­/view/241170/Detectives-probe-­Nazi-war-crimes
UK, Nazi found

The Paladin Group (Madrid, organized by Skorzeny):

Gerhard Hartmut von Schubert, Spain
Fabrizio Calvi
Schmidt, Olivier
Franz Pfeiffer Richter
Lars Anderson
Nicola Malaxa
Viorel Trifia
Prince Gutierrez de Spadafor
Emest Schmitz
====

NEW!

Hard to believe, but I stumbled on this page, and guess what! There are more long-lived nazis!

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_denaturalized_former_citizens_of_the_United_States

Jaroslaw Bilaniuk (October 15, 1923 – April 5, 2007) was a long-term naturalized United States citizen who was the subject of an intensive effort by the United States government for denaturalization and removal from the United States.

http://www.nytimes.com/1998/08­/13/nyregion/suspect-in-nazi-w­ar-crimes-claims-ignorance-of-­killings.html?src=pm
Watchmann Jakob Reimer

—-

Siegfried Adolf Handloser (25 March, 1895 – 3 July, 1954) , the Medical Doctor with the highest degree of responsibility. Died of cancer.

Science Division of the Wehrmacht, Erich Schumann, d 1985 urged the Führer that “America must be attacked simultaneously with various human and animal epidemic pathogens, as well as plant pests.”
===================================

Vernichtungskrieg. Verbrechen der Wehrmacht 1941 bis 1944 (“War of Annihilation. Crimes of the Wehrmacht 1941 to 1944”). The traveling exhibition, seen by an estimated 1.2 million visitors over the last decade, asserted with the support of written documents and photographs, that the Wehrmacht was “involved in planning and implementing a war of annihilation against the Jews, prisoners of war and the civilian population”. Historians Hannes Heer and Gerd Hankel had prepared it.

Organised by the Hamburg Social Research Institute, the travelling exhibition began in 1994 and by 1999 had visited thirty-three cities in Germany and Austria, drawing a staggering 800,000 visitors. It wasn’t just the SS, the Wehrmacht exhibition showed. It was full of graphic photographs of ordinary German Army or Wehrmacht soldiers involved in war crimes and genocide in the East. Though this was nothing new to German historians, it hit the German public like a bombshell. Queues stretched for hours to see it. Impassioned arguments broke out at the venues displaying the exhibition, on television and even in the German parliament. Conservatives (and the extreme right) mobilised against what they saw as a slur on a whole generation of soldiers, ‘most of whom were merely fighting for their country’. There were demonstrations in Munich and Dresden. Elsewhere the exhibition was vandalised and in Saarbrücken in March 1999 right-wing extremists actually bombed it.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1680579.stm

http://www.historytoday.com/gabriel-fawcett/wehrmacht-exhibition

…represented by the Wehrmacht committed war crimes of their own, particularly on the Eastern Front in the war against the Soviet Union. The Nuremberg Trials at the end of World War II judged that the Wehrmacht was not an inherently criminal organization, but that it had committed crimes during the course of the war. More recently, the judgement of Nuremberg has come under question. The Israeli historian Omer Bartov, a leading expert on the Wehrmacht[3] wrote in 2003 that the Wehrmacht was a willing instrument of genocide, and that it is simply untrue that the Wehrmacht was an apolitical, professional fighting force that had only a few “bad apples”.[4] Bartov argues that far from being the “untarnished shield”, as successive German apologists stated after the war, the Wehrmacht was a criminal organization.[5]

wikipedia: war crimes of the wehrmacht

Starting in February 1939, pamphlets were issued that were made required reading in the Army.[8] The content can be gauged by the titles: “The Officer and Politics”, “Hitler’s World Historical Mission”, “The Army in the Third Reich”, “The Battle for German Living Space”, “Hands off Danzig!”, and “The Final Solution of the Jewish Question in the Third Reich”. In the last essay, the author, C.A. Holberg wrote:
The defensive battle against Jewry will continue, even if the last Jew has left Germany. Two big and important tasks remain: 1) the eradication of all Jewish influence, above all in the economy and in culture; 2) the battle against World Jewry, which tries to incite all people in the world against Germany.[8]
Attitudes like the ones expressed above coloured all the instructions that came to Wehrmacht troops in the summer of 1939 as a way of preparing for the attack on Poland. “The German soldiers who committed crimes against humanity, the USSR and prisoners of war were to be exempted from criminal responsibility, even if they committed acts punishable according to German law.” A decree by the German Army [wehrmacht].

Germany had ratified the Geneva Convention and thus under international law was obliged to provide humane treatment for the POWs in its care.

—-
Historian Szymon Datner wrote in his work about the fate of POWs taken by the Wehrmacht, that thousands of Soviet female nurses, doctors and field medics fell victim to rape when captured, and were often murdered afterwards.[22] Ruth Seifert in War and Rape. Analytical Approaches wrote: “in the Eastern territories the Wehrmacht used to brand the bodies of captured partisan women – and other women as well – with the words “Whore for Hitler’s troops” and to use them accordingly.”

Even more extreme was the case in Serbia, [Yugoslavia] where the majority of the Jews there were murdered by the Wehrmacht, not the SS.The German historian Jürgen Förster, a leading expert on the subject of Wehrmacht war crimes, argued that the Wehrmacht played a key role in the Holocaust and it is wrong to ascribe the Shoah as solely the work of the SS while the Wehrmacht were a more or less passive and disapproving bystander.

In 1989, the British historian Richard J. Evans wrote that right from the beginning of the war against the Soviet Union, the Wehrmacht fought a genocidal war of “extreme brutality and barbarism.”

3, 300, 000 of the 5, 700, 000 Soviet POWs taken by the Germans died in captivity

Three German ‘historians ‘ tried to mitigate German military crimes: Andreas Hillgruber,
Ernst Nolte (discredited) and Michael Stuermer. All tried to make excuses for the Wehrmacht.
====
Today, March 11 , 1941, FDR ordered the US Navy to requisition all Axis ships on sight.

FIN

BBC, on the Holocaust, part two

03/11/2011

Omer Bartov, Who were the Guilty (BBC)
Final irony

The final irony of this genocide was the manner in which West German courts tried to deal with it after it was over, especially in the late 1950s and the 1960s. German law mandated that only individuals who could be shown to have personally murdered someone for what was described by the courts as ‘base motives’ such as sexual lust or sadism, could be charged with murder.

The result was that local commanders of remote SS and SD posts in eastern Europe, men who were known to have arranged the murder of tens of thousands of people, were acquitted if they could not be shown to have personally killed anyone. Only their subordinates – who were sometimes indeed sadistic types, but of no importance whatsoever in the organisation of genocide – were sent to jail.

That the judges and lawyers who debated such cases had mostly been active themselves in the Third Reich was obviously part of the irony.

That the judges and lawyers who debated such cases had mostly been active themselves in the Third Reich was obviously part of the irony. And the fact that the Jewish witnesses who testified at these trials were seen as rather suspect because their suffering must have undermined their objectivity, was perhaps the clearest indication of the main conclusion we can draw about modern genocide.

The conclusion is that those who organise genocide all too often get away with it, while those subjected to it can rarely expect to see justice done. This is a lesson that we need to take to heart as we contemplate contemporary cases of genocide, ‘ethnic cleansing’, and other crimes against humanity.

Genocide is a collective undertaking – those who order and organise it do not carry it out, those who do the killing claim ignorance of its scope, and emphasise their inability to disobey orders. In other words, unlike homicide, genocide is deeply rooted in the expectation of impunity. Everyone knows it is happening, but no one seems to be responsible, and no one is willing to intervene. This, to cite the most current example out of scores of others that have occurred since 1945, is what we can now see going on in Darfur.

Thus, when we ask, ‘Who is guilty?’ there is only one answer we can come up with, in view of our own willingness to allow such mass murder to go on. The answer is: ‘We are.’
——–
bbc.co.uk/archives
http://www.bbc.co.uk/ bbcfour/features/laurence-rees.shtml

LAURENCE REES Q&A
Thursday 17 February 2005

Laurence Rees, writer and producer of Auschwitz: The Nazis and the Final Solution, answered your questions following the programme After Auschwitz on BBC Four.

Neil Stewart, Aberdeen
I have read many articles and books about Auschwitz and the Final Solution but still found the series enlightening. How easy was it to track down former guards still alive and to persuade them to give interviews?

Laurence Rees
I’m really glad to hear that you found the series enlightening and agree with you that a crucial element in each of the programmes was provided by the interviews with former members of the SS. They were tracked down really by use of basic journalistic techniques – for example, by checking surviving records of SS units, using contacts with various veterans’ organisations, even just searching for names in the German phone book. They were thus found by basic, patient journalism. However it does take a long time and for every one person you see on screen who has agreed to give an interview there are many more who we have talked to who, in the end, we have been unable to convince to appear. I don’t think you can know exactly why someone agrees to take part but I suspect that part of it may be that they feel that they’re coming to the end of their lives and they want to put on record – warts and all – what they did during the war.

Simon Gilford, Manchester
Why were no revisionist historians invited to take part in After Auschwitz? Shouldn’t the subject be allowed to be debated by those who have differing views from the mainstream historians?

Laurence Rees
I’m not quite sure what you mean by ‘revisionist historians’? Certainly there was a breadth of historical view represented in the After Auschwitz debate – as I think was clear during the debate Professor David Cesarani and Professor Peter Novick do disagree on a number of key points. The term ‘revisionist’ is sometimes used to mean people who deny the Holocaust actually took place, and if you use the term in that sense then certainly of course no-one who denied the Holocaust took part in the debate. That’s because, certainly in my view, that would be like asking a member of the Flat Earth Society to take part in a debate about current climate change. There is no useful debate to be had with such people.

Darren Halliday, Reading
“We are influenced by the ethic around us”. Do you not think that there is an innate deeper ethic within that is universal? Why did some people take risks to save the Jews despite the ‘current ethics’?

Laurence Rees
This is a huge question and not one capable of being answered in a few brief sentences! The central challenge – of trying to understand why some human beings behaved as they did – is to a large extent unanswerable. And whilst it’s true that I certainly do believe, having met many perpetrators and survivors, that human beings draw a great deal more of their value system from the cultural ethic around them than we might like to suppose, it is also true that there are always some exceptional human beings who fight against that established culture and resist. Why those particular human beings – and it may be only as few in my judgment as one in a thousand – do actually hold out and resist seems to me a fundamental mystery. But we should certainly be glad that they did then and do today!

Mick Armstrong, Wakefield
Terrific series. Did any SS guards refuse duties or actively mutiny and if so what was their fate?

Laurence Rees
No, there is no evidence to my knowledge that any SS guards refused to take part in any of the killing at camps like Auschwitz. Indeed, from the point of view of the SS leadership, the problem at Auschwitz was not a lack of people willing to take part in mass extermination but the fact that so many wanted to profit from it themselves by pocketing the valuables stolen from the arriving transports. We can infer from this that the members of the SS believed it was thus perfectly legitimate to murder people, but thought that the German State shouldn’t keep all of the loot.

Stephen Bates, Gloucester
I have always wondered why was it that so many went to there death so compliantly. I know that there was a small uprising in the camp at Sobibor, did anything similar take place at Auschwitz? If not why not?

Laurence Rees
This is a question that I often hear asked – most commonly, interestingly enough, in Israel. Because it’s true that whilst there were eventual revolts at the death camps of both Sobibor and Treblinka, and that there was one major uprising of the Jewish Sonderkommando at Auschwitz in October 1944, as a general rule the vast majority of people selected for the gas chambers did enter them compliantly. I feel very strongly, however, that there should be no element of ‘blame’ attached to people for not resisting, in fact even to suggest that there might be I personally find unacceptable. That’s because having met a number of people who were involved in the process it’s clear to me that there was virtually no chance of any successful resistance.

It wasn’t just that when people arrived at a place like Auschwitz they were hungry, thirsty and disorientated. It was that for the most part they were in family groups of old people, women and children. I’ve met one young woman, who was selected for forced labour and therefore escaped immediate death in the gas chambers, who told me how with children crying and old people shocked and upset the idea of somehow turning on the SS and taking their guns was just simply beyond the realms of any possibility. It’s significant that the Sonderkommando, who knew the camp well and were for the most part fit young men, were all killed in their act of resistance. Auschwitz, surrounded by electrified barbed wire and with high watchtowers with machine guns, was not a place that these people could resist within and we should not in any way cast any form of moral aspersions on them for a lack of resistance – that at least is my view.

Mike Shaw, Henfield
I am concerned that a possible follow-up to the Holocaust could be generated in Europe, but it will not be the Jews who are targeted but the Muslims. There is already enough concern generated by Le Pen, the presence of loads of Turkish immigrants in Germany and the apparent general attitude of the Brits to people of Islamic/Muslim background. What do you think of the possibility of such a situation?

Laurence Rees
History can never repeat itself in the sense that exact events can occur again. But I do think we can draw the conclusion from a knowledge of the Nazis and the ‘Final Solution’ that such mentalities have not yet left the world. The desire to find scapegoats in a crisis, the feeling that somehow one group of people are ‘better’ than another, the desire to benefit one’s own nation at the expense of others, the dislike of ethnic or religious groups that somehow don’t fit in with one’s values of how human beings should behave, all of these attributes which were common to Nazis do, certainly to me, still seem to exist somewhere in the world today. I don’t believe that camps will be built like Auschwitz again, but certainly, as I say, the mentality that created them is still very much with us.

John Murray, Glasgow
Do you think it is ever possible to forgive those involved in the death camps, even if they have served time in prison and supposedly paid their debt to society? Should these people ever deserve forgiveness given the enormity of what they were involved in?

Laurence Rees
I just don’t know whether we can ever forgive people who were involved in this kind of terrible crime. A necessary precondition of such forgiveness would be, I suppose, believing they were themselves genuinely sorry for what they did. The difficulty here is that having met a large number of former Nazis only, in my judgment, perhaps five per cent of them actually express any genuine remorse at all for their crimes. What’s frightening to me about the people I’ve met who were involved in the Nazis’ ‘Final Solution’ or other acts of horror, particularly on the Eastern Front, is that the vast majority are not remotely sorry for what they did. They feel they did what was ‘right at the time’. It’s that attitude that makes this a subject that I keep returning to as a programme maker and writer in the hope that perhaps I can get to the bottom of their attitude – something which, even though I have been making programmes and writing about this for many years now, I must confess I still haven’t achieved.

Mark Elson, Chepstow, Wales
The great strength of the series was the direct testimony, particularly of the perpetrators. One important group that was not represented was those in German industry who designed and built the gas chambers. How much did they know, or, given the scale, what were their suspicions? Similar questions could be asked of those who organised railway timetables. Were these omissions – if that term is appropriate – forced on you by lack of witnesses or was it an editorial decision given the strength of other testimony?

Laurence Rees
You raise a number of very important points. Of course, the firms who made the crematoria and the railway companies who organised the trains also shared an element of complicity in the crime. And, as you say, we didn’t go into any detail about these people in the series. The reason for that was, simply, one of space. Even spreading the series out to six hours there were other subjects that I felt that we had to include. Also, actually proving beyond question that the people who built the crematoria and organised the trains knew exactly what was going to happen to the people who were sent to Auschwitz is problematical. Certainly it is my belief having looked at the material that almost all of them knew that ‘something very bad’ was going to happen to the Jews. And I suppose I felt it wasn’t worth devoting a great deal of time in the programmes to looking at the point at which the knowledge that ‘something very bad’ was going to happen to people sent to these camps actually turned into knowledge of the detail of the gas chambers.

Charlie Ruck, Nottingham
What has been done in the present day to help the prisoners reclaim what was taken from them during the war? If it is known that people’s houses were claimed and their land taken, why haven’t these illegal thefts gone unpunished or even investigated in our modern time?

Laurence Rees
Again this is a huge question that really isn’t capable of being answered properly in just a brief paragraph. There certainly have been some efforts to repair the damage done to survivors of the Holocaust. During the 1950s a Joint Distribution Committee was founded and restitution money was paid by the Federal Republic of Germany to Israel via the Luxembourg agreement. But despite this, many Jews never received their due and the struggle for proper restitution and compensation continues even to this day. With the fall of the Berlin Wall efforts have been made by a number of Eastern European countries to compensate Jews but often this is a deeply bureaucratic process and, in my experience at least, it’s rare that full restitution or compensation is ever made. Part of the problem, certainly as related to Eastern Europe, was that property was nationalised under Communist rule so the concept of private ownership as it existed before the war ceased to exist. This has caused a number of ethical and legal problems that persist to this day.

Bill Stuart, Darlington
To what extent were ordinary Germans aware of the Final Solution?

Laurence Rees
Again this is a question that people have written books trying to answer! My own view very much relates to my previous answer about the knowledge of the people who built the crematoria or ran the trains. In essence it is that it was clear to every single German that the Nazis hated the Jews, persecuted them unmercifully and then as the final act in that terrible persecution robbed them and put them on trains to the east. They also knew, because of Nazi propaganda, that by being sent east the Jews were being sent in the very direction of greatest risk. The war against the Soviet Union was portrayed by the Nazis as ‘a struggle of annihilation’, one in which no mercy was to be exercised. So what would an ‘ordinary’ German think was going to happen to people who were sent into the epicentre of that war? Certainly they must have thought ‘very bad things’ would happen to anyone sent there. Some may have believed that the Jews were going to be put to work in labour camps in the east, but that they would also most likely have known that many of them would possibly die there. So whilst it isn’t possible to say that there was general knowledge of the details of the mass extermination, there was certainly general knowledge, in my judgment, that a terrible fate awaited the Jews of some kind, certainly a much worse fate than they had already endured through years of persecution back at home.

Steve Leahy, Leeds
Did you consider bringing together survivors and ex-guards to address issues if not outright confront each other. Or did you worry this would diminish the undoubted power of the testimonies – often chilling – of each group of individuals? I would be fascinated to hear what sons and daughters of perpetrators had to say – or perhaps I am merely being an intruder into a private horror. Were, for example, Rudolf Höss’s children available for comment at all? It would be fascinating to compare their views with those of Reiner Lukyen, born later but still visibly sharing the collective German guilt.

Laurence Rees
In fact when I was Editor of Timewatch one of our best producers, Catrine Clay, made a film called Children of the Third Reich, which looked at a reconciliation programme in Israel where children of former Nazi war criminals met children of the victims of the Holocaust. It was an extraordinarily memorable programme. However, I didn’t think it was appropriate to use that device in this series for a number of reasons. Firstly I think, because it would only be effective bringing people together if they actually genuinely wished to engage with each other and I don’t believe that a number of the former members of the SS we met would actually engage at all with the people whom they had persecuted. Most likely they would simply either not agree to do it or say nothing, so little would be achieved. Another reason why I didn’t think it appropriate to use this device in this series is because it would interfere with the straightforward narrative of events that we were trying to tell and so whilst this method of programme making was appropriate for Catrine, her film was devoted entirely to the subject of reconciliation rather than being interspersed into another narrative. Rudolf Höss’s children were very young when they were at Auschwitz so I am not sure how useful their testimony would be.

Jeremy Scott, Edinburgh
From what I have read, it appears that Oskar Gröning agreed to be interviewed in order to “set the record straight” about what actually happened at Auschwitz. However, I’m still unclear about his motives, as he seemed unapologetic during his interviews. Did he at any time express regret or remorse, either on or off camera, or even acknowledge that it was wrong? If not, what do you think his motives were?

Laurence Rees
You are absolutely right that Mr Gröning’s motives seem somewhat contradictory. On the one hand he did want to be interviewed by us in order to make a stand against Holocaust deniers. On the other, as you rightly say, he does not appear to have much remorse. However, perhaps surprisingly, from his perspective this appears to be a logical position. He revolts, I think, against the fact that people try and deny that Auschwitz existed, but he also feels that the general public do not understand that members of the SS like him who worked there felt they were doing ‘the right thing’ at the time. Mr Gröning does express the view that what happened there was ‘wrong’ but he then tends to qualify that statement by saying “well, if what happened there was wrong then you have to acknowledge that a number of crimes were also committed on the Allied side” etc etc. He still – utterly wrongly in my view – considers the prosecution of some former Nazis as “victors’ justice”. One of the reasons that I find it so personally valuable to be involved in making these programmes is, incidentally, because you do meet people like Mr Gröning – who would not be capable of existing in a work of fiction because people would dismiss them as illogical characters!

BBC Four: We asked Laurence to answer the following two questions together as they represent a number of questions we received about privileging the suffering of the Jews in the camps over other groups.

Paul McClory, London
Of the 11 million people killed during the Holocaust, six million were Polish citizens (three million Polish Jews and three million Polish Christians). Heinrich Himmler said: “All Poles will disappear from the world…. It is essential that the great German people should consider it as its major task to destroy all Poles.” My question is, why do we never say that a total of 11 million died in the Holocaust? And discuss the devastating effect of Himmler’s genocidal policy on Poland? Or is this not true? I do not know!

Brian Slattery, Yateley, Hampshire
During your debate there was mentioned several times the figure of six million deaths in the camps. As I am sure that you are aware, the total figure was closer to 13.5 million deaths. Why is it that only the deaths of one religion, the Jewish faith, is repeated endlessly when there were many more PEOPLE killed in them? Surely their faith should be secondary to the fact that 13.5 million people were killed in the death camps.

Laurence Rees
Of course I feel that it’s vital that we do not minimise the suffering of the non-Jewish people who the Nazis persecuted and murdered. The statistic that is always in my mind in this regard is the number of Soviet citizens – both military and civilian – thought to have been killed during the Second World War. It’s an incredible 27 million people; only a small percentage of them Jews. Indeed it was to try and inform people about the nature of that brutal war that I was very keen to make the series War of the Century a few years ago and write the accompanying book. This current series also made clear to viewers that groups other than the Jews were targeted by the Nazis. We showed in the first episode, for example, that the first people to die at the camp were Polish political prisoners and Soviet prisoners of war rather than people killed because they were Jews. So in broad terms, yes, I certainly do agree that it’s important to remember all of those that suffered under Nazi aggression.

However I do think that it’s important that we distinguish, within the overall policies of Nazi persecution, what happened to the Jews. This is because, in my belief, there was a conceptual difference in the attitude of the Nazis to the Jews compared to almost any other group they encountered. The Jews were uniquely singled out for the worst possible persecution. Of the 1.1 million people who died at Auschwitz 1 million were Jews – thus by far the greatest proportion. In all of the camps the Jews suffered disproportionately in selections and were often singled out for the very worst tasks if they were selected for work. In particular the policy of murdering every single child was, again as a general rule, extended to every Jew in a way it wasn’t for many of the other groups the Nazis persecuted. Thus my own feeling is that whilst it is vital that we remember the suffering of the countless others that the Nazis persecuted and killed, we must always remember that at the very core of the Nazis’ hatred and at the very epicentre of their crime was their murderous attitude towards the Jews.

Selwyn St Leger, Stockport, UK
I want to touch on an issue that is tangential to the content of your informative documentary but which, nevertheless, is of intellectual interest and which promotes strong feelings; emotions which have led to legislation in some European countries. I refer to ‘Holocaust Denial’. I find this denial fascinating. Is it merely an expression by people who enjoy being contrary? Is it a political ploy by those who harbour sympathies for what the Nazi’s stood for? Does it represent a valid view of historical ambiguity? Setting aside professional historians, most people have not accessed original historical documents. We have to take on trust the interpretations of those who claim to be professionals in the field. For the most part this is not an issue as many historical events are not in dispute though there may be diverse interpretations about motivations that led them to arise. My recent reading of Mark Roseman’s account of the Wannsee Protocol has caused me disquiet. This work, written by someone I assume to be a competent historian, makes clear that little about the decision to implement and execute the “Final Solution” was documented by the Nazi authorities.

Laurence Rees
I find it very hard to understand what leads people to deny the existence of the Holocaust. It is so patently obvious that it happened that I guess that it is simple wilfulness that makes people say that it was not so. That wilfulness could perhaps be caused by anti-Semitism, by a desire to proselytise the Nazis in some way, it’s very hard for me to say.

I think it is not necessary to even refer to Holocaust deniers in any serious way, because, as I believe I referred to in one of my earlier answers, it’s like debating with the Flat Earth Society. The evidence is so overwhelming, so far beyond any reasonable doubt, that this terrible crime happened that there is no necessity to engage in debate with anyone who claims it didn’t. Certainly reading Mark Roseman’s excellent work on the Wannsee Conference didn’t cause any disquiet in me, as the lack of firm written evidence connecting someone like Hitler with the ‘Final Solution’ is entirely consistent with the way in which decisions were taken in the Nazi state – often verbally at the highest level. But a reading of Hitler’s Tabletalk – his after-dinner monologues – for the autumn of 1941 gives a clear insight into his genocidal thinking at the time, as does a study of the many comments that he was making to other people – for example his view that Leningrad as a city should ‘vanish from the surface of the Earth’. Equally we know precisely what Hans Frank, a leading Nazi in Poland, said in December 1941 when he openly talked of being told to ‘liquidate the Jews’ and so on. So certainly in my judgment, as I say, there is no ambiguity here at all, the evidence is simply overwhelming that the crime occurred and was sanctioned at the highest level.

Keith Nicholas, Walton-on-Thames
Very good series is it going to shown again or will it be released on DVD or video?

Laurence Rees
I’m very pleased to say that the DVD of the series went on sale a couple of days ago. Like you I hope very much that the series is repeated at some point as well.

March/April comments/2011: Great info on Holocaust

03/11/2011

Powerful one page analysis by the BBC of the Holocaust.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/genocide/holocaust_overview_01.shtml#seven

Longerich’s “Holocaust.” It received very good reviews on the amazon site.

Peter Longerich is Professor of Modern German History and Director of the Research Centre for the Holocaust and Twentieth-Century History at Royal Holloway, University of London. He has published widely on the subject, in English and German, including The Unwritten Order: Hitler’s Role in the Final Solution, and The Systematic Character of the National Socialist Policy for the Extermination of the Jews. The latter formed part of his Expert Opinion in the notorious David Irving v. Penguin/Lipstadt trial. He is currently working on a biography of SS leader Heinrich Himmler.

http://www.amazon.com/Holocaus­t-Nazi-Persecution-Murder-Jews­/dp/0192804367/ref=pd_sim_b_12
Peter Longerich. Oxford University.

Hardly any soldier says that he was directly involved, but many talk about what they saw or heard. The accounts are often astonishingly detailed and, in any case, much more precise than the information German investigators could later glean from witness testimony. http://www.spiegel.de/internat­ional/germany/0,1518,755385-5,­00.html

Soldaten : “The Holocaust is generally mentioned peripherally in the conversations between German soldiers that have now been viewed in their entirety for the first time. It is only mentioned on about 300 pages of the transcripts, which, given the monstrosity of the events, seems to be a very small number.

http://www.spiegel.de/internat­ional/germany/0,1518,755385,00­.html
New book , Soldaten [Soldiers], from Germany, reveals soldiers’ attitudes toward the war.
==============================================
Hitler’s Bankers:

Wilhelm Keppler (14 December 1882 – 13 June 1960) was a German businessman and one of Adolf Hitler’s early financial backers.He received ten years.

The main banker was Hjalmar Schacht. He was denazified, because after 1939 he held little power.

de.wikipedia
K­urt Freiherr von Schroeder, d. 1966, received only 3 months and a small fine. Was on the Central committee for the Reichsbank, 1933-45.
Franz Schroeder, d. 1949, also involved in Nazi banking.

The German bankers : Only Walther Funk did any real time (Nine years). He died 1964. Karl Blessing, d. 1969. Emil Puhl, d. 1962. Siegfried von Roeden , d. 1954. Hans Luther, d. 1962 (German ambassador to the USA).
Fritz Reinhardt d 1969 , finance Nazi.
Graf von Krosigk d. 1977, two years received for financial crimes.

Rolf Rienhardt (* July 2 1903 in Bucharest , † March 16 1975 in Badenweiler ). A particularly vicious nazi propagandist.

Heinrich Class : did he write much of Mein Kampf? (* February 29, 1868 in Alzey, † April 16, 1953 in Jena). We’re expected to believe that the shoddy watercolor artist Hitler wrote 800 pages in prison? Using what source material? I think that author Class helped him to write it.

A­lfred Hugenberg (d. ?)
Big backer of Nazis in gov’t., until he was pushed out. Was allowed to retain his vast holdings

Franz Xaver Epp , since 1916, Ritter von Epp (* October 16th 1868 in Munich , † December 31 1946.) He sponsored Roehm and Hitler in their 1919 Nationalistic actions.

Theodor Hupfauer was a witness at Nuremberg, but was never charged. d 1993.
Courtesy of Dieter Zinke, axishistory: In 1941 he was appointed Burgkommandat the SS Order Castle School in Sonthofen with the rank of an SS colonel. In addition to this the more prestigious position was Hupfauer continued his career in the defense ministry under Albert Speer.
In 1944 he became chief of the Central Office of the Ministry of Armaments and thus next to Karl Saur was one of the two most important men under Speer. Was formally crowned his career by the Nazi Reich when appointed Labor Minister in Hitler’s will.

Karl-Otto Saur (* February 16 1902 in Dusseldorf , † July 28th 1966 in Pullach.) Last defense minister.

Stephen Atkins, “Holocaust denial as an international movement.”
Hitler quoted, Feb 1942, “We shall regain our health only when we have exterminated the Jews.” He could not have meant “Uprooting” , as some have tried to mis-translate, “Ausrottung.” Further, there was no country to receive the Jews at that time, in the midst of the war. The prior quote is on page 50. (books.google.com)

anti-Nazi:
In 1939, Weimar Chancellor Heinrich Bruning became professor of political science at Harvard University. He warned the American public about Hitler’s plans for war and later about Soviet expansion, but in both cases his advice went unheeded.
=======

The Hitler Book: The Secret Dossier Prepared for … NKVD by Henrik Eberle; also, Hitler’s Table Talk.
There’s some argument about the book’s value, but I found it mentioned by Ian Kershaw.
http://www.amazon.de/Hitlers-T­ischgesprache- .
———-

Max Grüson [Grueson], Nazi mentioned in the deportations.

http://www.chicagotribune.com/­topic/chi-081015-nazi-hunters,­0,3958619.story
They’re still looking for Nazis.

http://www.nytimes.com/1988/03­/23/us/head-of-epa-bars-nazi-d­ata-in-study-on-gas.html?pagew­anted=3src=pm

The chief of the Environmental Protection Agency, alerted by a letter of protest from agency scientists, has barred from an E.P.A. report on a toxic gas any data that the Nazis acquired in experiments on concentration camp prisoners.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/worl­d/2011/apr/11/eichmann-sought-­trial-germany-1956?INTCMP=SRCH­
Eichmann

As Dr Efraim Zuroff, director of the Wiesenthal Centre’s Israel office, puts it:

Since they obtained independence in 1991, the Baltic countries’ record vis-a-vis the prosecution of local Nazi war criminals has been an abysmal failure. Not a single such person has ever been punished for their crimes.

guardian.co.uk/commentisf­ree/2010/jan/08/holocaust-balt­ic-lithuania-latvia?INTCMP=ILC­NETTXT3487
Baltics

guardian.co.uk/worl­d/2005/aug/01/secondworldwar.j­amiewilson?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT348­7
Allied codebreakers failed to comprehend the references, apparently, to the Holocaust contained in some messages received.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/worl­d/2011/apr/03/holocaust-resist­ance-nazis-book-ghetto?INTCMP=­SRCH

Polish hero Jan Karski witnessed the destruction of the Jews, and informed the West.

200 High level SS men worked for German security service after the war, including Silberbauer, who found Anne Frank.
http://www.independent.c­o.uk/news/world/europe/nazi-wh­o-arrested-anne-frank-became-a­-spy-for-west-germany-2266077.­html

Hannah Arendt, or aren’t you wrong?
She could not have been more wrong. Why did she buy Eichmann’s self-serving rationalization that he was just a cog in the machine? On the contrary, he was one of the driving forces in the Holocaust. Arendt described the stony figure in her 1963 work, “Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil,” launching a debate that continues to this day as to whether Eichmann was a cog in the Nazi machine or a true believer in genocidal anti-Semitism.

Until the trial, many Germans had dismissed the few books about the Holocaust as biased. Teachers largely had avoided the subject.
http://www.jta.org/news/articl­e/2011/04/06/3086757/europe-re­members-how-eichmann-trial-and­-tv-changed-perceptions-of-hol­ocaust

Eichmann trial: Recently it was revealed that German intelligence officials knew of Eichmann’s location as early as 1952. Adenauer feared “that Eichmann might expose the number of prominent Nazis who served in his government,” she said. Even worse, Lipstadt said, by 1951 Adenauer was fed up with the guilt he felt was being foisted on the Germans for perpetrating the genocide of the Jews.

Al Ungerleider, 89, liberated Nordhausen, became a General. As a young U.S. Army lieutenant in World War II, Al Ungerleider and his squad captured the SS troopers who ran the Nordhausen slave labor camp. Nordhausen was one of Kammler’s camps for slave laborers to work on the V2 rockets and other high-tech projects.

http://www.jta.org/news/articl­e/2011/03/17/3086462/the-eulog­izer-canadian-journalist-world­-war-ii-camp-liberator

“Canada is virtually alone among Western countries not to have a national monument to the Holocaust,” the Canadian Jewish Congress noted in a statement. “This anomaly will now be rectified.”

http://www.jta.org/news/articl­e/2011/03/27/3086573/canadian-­parliament-approves-holocaust-­memorial.
It’s no wonder there is Holocaust denial in the world when some countries won’t even build a little memorial.

http://www.jta.org/news/articl­e/2011/03/30/3086643/austria-t­o-renovate-mauthausen
Mauthausen had subcamp Gusen.

http://www.jta.org/news/articl­e/2011/03/30/3086646/op-ed-lit­huania-must-finish-its-work-in­-confronting-
holocaust-past. Lithuania still has trouble confronting its active role in the Holocaust; prefers to see itself only as a victim.

http://www.apfn.org/media/bert­elsmann.htm
Media Giant Bertlesmann admits that it supported Nazis, at least until 1941

“hundreds of Jews were massacred in a single two-day pogrom in Baghdad in 1941.” From, David S. Wyman page.

United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan last month said, in his remarks on International Holocaust Commemoration Day, that “Holocaust denial is the work of bigots.” David Wyman site.

The New Leader’s literary editor, Melvin J. Lasky, in the October 23, 1943 edition, titled “The Shame of a World.” Lasky condemned the Allies’ response to the Nazi genocide as “sympathetic mumbo-jumbo and do-nothingism.” from David Wyman.

It is noteworthy that Dr. Johann von Leers, a former Nazi propagandist employed by the Egyptian government, wrote in 1953 of what he called “the moving humanitarian reception which hundreds, perhaps thousands of German refugees found after the war among the Moslems of the Middle East.” (Wiener Library Bulletin, XI: 1-2, 1957)
http://www.wymaninstitute.org/­letters/2006-05-10-nazi.php

Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion was unbending. “American journalists, who have not suffered from the Nazi atrocities, may be ‘objective’ and deny Israel’s right to try one of the greatest of the Nazi murderers,” Ben-Gurion rebuffed his challengers. “But the calamity that the Nazis inflicted on the Jewish people is a specific and unparalleled act–an act designed for the utter extermination of the entire Jewish people…Historic justice and the honor of the Jewish people demand that this should be done only by an Israeli court in the sovereign Jewish State.”
source: David Wyman institute

===
More on Auschwitz-Birkenau; SS General Hans Kammler.
80,000 Cremation Capacity Per Month Not Sufficient for Auschwitz – New Document
The document transcribed and translated below has been provided to The Holocaust History Project by Dr. Bernhard Post of the Thuringisches Hauptstaatsarchiv in Germany.

http://forum.axishistory.com/v­iewtopic.php?t=66657&highlight­=topf
more on same documents;

http://www.holocaust-history.o­rg/auschwitz/topf/
Same documents.

This memo is dated September 8, 1942 and should be read in accordance with two other contemporaneous documents relating to Auschwitz from the same period. (Also mentions Hans Kammler’s role in the Holocaust, a MAJOR role.)
———–

Dr Theodor Mollison, one of Dr Mengele’s mentors. I couldn’t find much info on him . D. 1952. He was an anthropologist/ doctor, who had practiced on the Herero in Africa, committing Genocide.

——–
Important proof of the Holocaust:

Whether at that time I had doubts against the use of gas vans I cannot say. The main issue for me at the time was that the shootings were a considerable burden for the man who were in charge thereof and that this burden was taken off them through the use of the gas vans.

“From my translation of the deposition of former SS Obersturmfuehrer Walter Rauff before the German Embassy in Santiago de Chile on 28 June 1972. ” from axishistory site .
————–
http://wymaninstitute.org/pres­s/2008-1-11.php
on the argument over whether or not they should have bombed Auschwitz.

“During those seven months, the president of the Jewish Agency, the head of its political department,  the chairman of its Rescue Committee, and its representatives in Washington,
London, Geneva, Budapest, Istanbul, Jerusalem, and Cairo, repeatedly pressed
American, British, and Soviet diplomats, as well as the Polish and Czech
governments in exile, to bring about the bombing of Auschwitz. ”

It also mentions that the USSR refused to do anything that would help ‘national groups.’

http://wymaninstitute.org/Repo­rt-Bombing-Auschwitz.pdf
———
Diana Mosley, British aristo-fascist; associated with Oswald Mosley; her sister Unity Mitford.

I asked about the Holocaust, of course, expecting a David Irving-style refutation, but was astounded not to get one. “I’m sure he was to blame for the extermination of the Jews,” she answered. “He was to blame for everything, and I say that as someone who approved of him.’

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/co­mment/personal-view/3595037/Di­ana-Mosley-unrepentantly-Nazi-­and-effortlessly-charming.html

—————-

” IBM Germany, using its own staff and equipment, designed, executed, and supplied the indispensable technologic assistance Hitler’s Third Reich needed to accomplish what had never been done before-the automation of human destruction. More than 2,000 such multi-machine sets were dispatched throughout Germany, and thousands more throughout German-dominated Europe. Card sorting operations were established in every major concentration camp. People were moved from place to place, systematically worked to death, and their remains cataloged with icy automation. ” from “The Transfer Agreement”, Edwin Black.

http://www.deutschebahn.com/si­te/shared/en/file__attachement­s/background__information/flye­r__specialtrains__to__death.pd­f

It says that 3 million people were sent to their deaths through the Reichsbahn (Empire-Train).

naziscienceliveson.devh­ub.com/blog/3417-peenemundes-l­egacy-part-i/

Mentions that Walther Dornberger was to be tried in place of Hans Kammler for the V2 rocket attacks on Britain, but then the US swooped up the scientists, brought them to America, and hushed up the whole matter. General Dornberger, [Doernberger] the most senior of the Nazi engineer/scientists, died in Buffalo NY.

http://www.parade.com/news/sli­deshows/editors-pick/nazis-cap­tured-in-the-united-states.htm­l?index=1

Johann Breyer, Nazi. 85 years old if alive. Was he deported? In a sworn interview with OSI attorneys in 1991, Breyer admitted that he served as an armed guard of prisoners at

Buchenwald beginning in February 1943 and at Auschwitz beginning in May 1944, with orders to shoot prisoners attempting escape. Breyer also admitted that he guarded prisoners on slave labor details at Auschwitz, that he was aware while guarding Auschwitz that women and children were imprisoned there, and that he saw smoke rising from the crematoria there where bodies were being burned.


more Nazi Doctors:

Dr Johann Breger, another Nazi Dr. Co-wrote book on “Racial Hygiene ” with Dr Reiter.

Dr Hans Conrad Julius Reiter; d. 1969. After his release he went right back into medicine. He is the one who banned smoking in the Third Reich.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/new­s/worldnews/europe/austria/844­7175/Austria-arrests-former-ne­o-Nazi-leader-Gottfried-Kuesse­l-over-website.html

Hitler was just a dispatch runner
http://www.realchangenews.org/­index.php/site/archives/5469/
A private first class.

http://ibnlive.in.com/news/fbi­-believed-hitler-faked-his-194­5-suicide/148894-2.html

http://www.boston.com/news/hea­lth/blog/2011/04/holocaust_exh­ib.html

Physicians were “early joiners” of the Nazi party, he said. They were “the backbone,” believers in eugenics — then a worldwide movement also popular in the United States and other western countries — who, like Hitler, thought that they could solve societal ills by controlling the gene pool. Step by step, he said, they rationalized their work — starting first with forced sterilization, then euthanasia of individuals, and later mass murder.

===========

“Globocnik charged one officer in particular, Obersturmführer Gustav Hanelt, with the
“overall scientific planning of the SS and Police Strongholds and the cleansing of the Jews
[Judenbereinigung, emph. mine].”
footnote 61, Yale, Allen, Michael Thad

http://www.yale.edu/glc/events­/cbss/Allen.pdf

*Gustav Hanelt was clearly a major offender in Generalplan Ost. I don’t see any evidence that he was finally captured.

Linz Austria to remove obelisk to dead National Socialist poet
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/H­einrich Lersch

Karl Gesele, d. 1968, implicated in the Holocaust in Soviet Union.

http://www.seattlepi.com/defau­lt/article/Book-Review-Treblin­ka-Survivor-The-Life-and-13409­10.php#page-2
Man who wrote about Treblinka, one of the few people who survived it. This book is important!

http://www.ushmm.org/museum/ex­hibit/online/deadlymedicine/
Exhibit at Harvard University on Nazi misuse of medical science.

http://www.wiesenthal.com/site­/apps/nlnet/content2.aspx?c=ls­KWLbPJLnF&b=4441467&ct=9352719
Latvia wants to honor Cukurs, Latvian Perpetrator. He had been assassinated in South America.

BBC on the Holocaust/ page one

03/11/2011

Edward Schulte was a German industrialist who, in 1942, repeatedly passed information to the Allies about Hitler’s plans for the Jews in Europe. This programme asks what the Allies’ motives were for appearing to do so little to help the victims of the Final Solution. It also finds out why, even in post-war Switzerland, Schulte was keen to keep his identity a secret. (Source BBC)

AFTER AUSCHWITZ

LAURENCE REES 17 February 2005

writer and producer of Auschwitz: The Nazis and the Final Solution, answered your questions following the programme After Auschwitz on BBC Four.

I have read many articles and books about Auschwitz and the Final Solution but still found the series enlightening. How easy was it to track down former guards still alive and to persuade them to give interviews?

Laurence Rees
I’m really glad to hear that you found the series enlightening and agree with you that a crucial element in each of the programmes was provided by the interviews with former members of the SS. They were tracked down really by use of basic journalistic techniques – for example, by checking surviving records of SS units, using contacts with various veterans’ organisations, even just searching for names in the German phone book. They were thus found by basic, patient journalism.
http://www.laurencerees.com/
Contains links to his books. I’ll more of his materials.

Diary of Chief of Staff, General Halder on Operation Barbarossa, Third Reich attack on the East. “Meeting with the Fuhrer…[Hitler said] “This is a war of extermination. The struggle will be very different than the one in the West. In the East, toughness now means mildness in the future. The leaders must make sacrifices and overcome their scruples.””

1.57.18 (one hour 57 minutes) into the film, World War Two in Colour, shows the liberation of Dachau. The camp had been self-liberated by the 30,000 inmates they found alive , but tens of thousands died, some of typhus, but others from Nazi policy.
BBC two videos:
Fatal Attraction of Adolf Hitler
World War II in Color
Victory in Europe

at minute 4.44 , shows the first images of Dachau.
============
Austria and Nazism: Owning Up to the Past
By Dr Robert Knight
Last updated 2011-02-17

A new report on stolen property during the Nazi era says Austria’s record on restitution has been ‘half-hearted’. British historian Robert Knight served on the commission that produced the report, and here reflects on Austria’s difficult relationship with its recent past.
On this page

The Historical Commission

In 1998 the Austrian Historikerkommission (Historical Commission) was set up to examine Austria’s role in the expropriation of Jewish assets during the period of Nazi rule in World War Two, and in returning those assets afterwards. On 24 February 2003 it presented its findings to the public. The Commission has spent nearly five million pounds, and employed over 150 researchers, in its mission to comb archives inside and outside the country, concerning events that happened over 50 years ago.

When the Wehrmacht marched into Austria in 1938 they fulfilled one of Hitler’s life-long ambitions …

The precise remit given by the government in 1998 was to investigate ‘the expropriation of property in the period of Nazi rule (1938-1945), restitution and compensation in the Second Austrian republic and attendant welfare issues’. This may seem narrow in its focus on property issues, but in fact it affected nearly all aspects of Nazi rule and Austrian society. Last but not least, it was also concerned with the image and legitimacy of post-war Austria itself, as a collective victim of a foreign (German-Nazi) occupation.

Austrians demonstrating their approval of the Anschluss by giving the Nazi salute at a rally in Vienna © When the Wehrmacht marched into Austria in 1938 (and Austrian Nazis took over the country ‘from below’) they fulfilled one of Hitler’s life-long ambitions, the ‘return’ of German-Austria to the Greater German Reich. The pictures of an ecstatic Führer announcing the event in Vienna, and the equally ecstatic crowds who were listening to him, went all round the world at the time. The contemporary impression that the vast majority of Austrians supported the Anschluss (the union of Austria and Germany in 1938) was reinforced by the overwhelming endorsement it got in the plebiscite held in April 1938.

How much support the Nazi regime actually enjoyed at the time, and over the following seven years, has been much debated by historians, politicians and journalists ever since. Some suggest that the newsreels were misleading – who, after all, had filmed the people who were silently weeping at home? – and also that the plebiscite result was distorted, due to the attendant propaganda, intimidation and manipulation.

What is not in dispute is the intensity of the anti-Semitic aggression that was soon unleashed on Austria’s Jews. The German writer Carl Zuckmayer famously described this as the opening of the ‘gates of the underworld’. Mobs roved the streets inflicting physical abuse and ritual humiliation (like forced washing of pavements) on anyone suspected of hostility to the new regime.

… they faced an escalation of oppression …

Austria’s Jews, numbering over 200,000 (perhaps as many as 214,000) were a particular object of this outburst. They ranged from those who were very wealthy and highly assimilated into Austrian society, to poor migrants from Eastern Europe. All of them were now actual or potential targets of aggression. Those who did not manage to navigate their way through the thicket of emigration regulations, as they tried to escape from the country, faced an escalation of oppression (especially after the November pogrom of 1938). When flight was no longer possible those remaining in Austria (an estimated 60,000) were deported to concentration camps and murdered. Only a handful survived underground.

As well as the Jews, nearly 10,000 Roma and Sinti (most of whom lived in the province of Burgenland, near the Hungarian border) were deported, and murdered by the Nazis; a range of other ethnic groups (among them Slovenes) and political opponents – from Catholics and conservatives to Communists – were also persecuted, albeit with less perfectionism.

Austria as victim?

In Moscow, in October 1943, the Allies decided that Austria should be reestablished as an independent state, once the war was won. At the same time they described Austria as the ‘first victim of Hitlerite aggression’. Many of Austria’s post-war leaders, after some initial hesitation, took this as a lifeline to help them in the foundation of a post-war project, in which Austria claimed it was not guilty for what had happened in the country during the Nazi years.

The investigation claimed that only a handful of traitors had collaborated with Nazi rule.

An investigation by the Austrian government in 1946 described Austrian suffering under German rule, and Austrian resistance to that rule. It also claimed that only a handful of traitors had collaborated with the Nazis. At the end it demanded ‘justice for Austria’, by which it meant the speedy end of the Four-Power occupation (in fact this occupation was to last until the State Treaty of 1955).

Using this logic, they suggested that justice – including compensation or reparation – for the victims of Nazi rule was a matter for Germany. The Austrian state could not be held liable. Under pressure from the west (the US in particular) post-war Austrian governments did, however, set up a legal administrative framework for returning some of the property taken from victims of Nazi rule in the course of their persecution.

Seven laws were passed, and the most important of them (the third) established restitution commissions for deciding on the return of expropriated property. Over 40,000 cases, many of which were extremely complex, came before these commissions. Many of them ended in out-of-court settlements, often involving the payment of an additional amount on top of the derisory amount paid after the Anschluss. Further measures followed the signature of the State Treaty, including the collection and realisation of assets for which no owner or heirs had been found.

The Waldheim controversy

Throughout this period the charge of ‘too little too late’ was occasionally levelled at Austria, but it made little impact. Austria was either too small – in international terms – to matter, or it was seen as an enclave of tranquillity and good order (and ‘permanent neutrality’ between east and west), which ought to be cultivated.

Waldheim had concealed or “forgotten” important details of his military service in World War Two.

Things began to change in the 1970s, but perhaps the most dramatic turning-point was at the time of the controversy over Kurt Waldheim, the former UN secretary general, who was an Austrian presidential candidate in 1986. Throughout his post-war career Waldheim had concealed or ‘forgotten’ important details of his military service in World War Two. As his past came to be known, through journalistic investigations and leaks, during his campaign, he spoke of having only ‘done his duty’ in the German Wehrmacht. It was hardly the comment of a victim of the Nazi regime, and caused a furore within Austria as well as outside it. Nevertheless Waldheim was elected president, and Austria’s international standing plummeted.

Domestic reaction to the affair consisted partly of a defiant, partly patriotic, assertion of Austria’s right to ignore outside opinion. Other elements almost (or actually) offered an apologia for the ‘good side’ of the Nazi regime; many of these people were found in the Freedom Party (FPO), along with its rising star Jörg Haider. But the Waldheim affair also prompted heart-searching and self-criticism, especially from the post-war generation. And there was by now a more self-confident Jewish community in Austria, whose members were not prepared to keep quiet, or be intimidated by actual or threatened anti-Semitism.

edited…

This complex of domestic and foreign factors seems to have persuaded the Austrian government (then a coalition of Social Democrat and People’s Party) to set up its Historikerkommission in November 1998. From the start there were criticisms that it was a delaying tactic, or state-sponsored whitewash, like the 1946 report referred to above had been.

On the other hand, unlike the latter, its independence was laid down in black and white. Its chairman, Clemens Jabloner, was President of Austria’s Verwaltungsgerichtshof (Administrative Court), and a leading legal and academic authority. And its other members (including the present writer) were not nominated by the government, but by outside bodies, in a transparent process.

An international outcry against the FPO followed …

As far as Austria’s Nazi legacy was concerned, the new government was more than anxious to show itself willing to confront it, and talks over the two main problems – compensation for forced labourers, and outstanding compensation issues for Jewish victims – proceeded at breakneck speed. It was agreed that redress for the loss of rental property (59,000 Vienna flats) should be paid out of the Austrian National Fund.

edited…
The commission’s findings run to 14,000 pages, including 53 individual reports and one volume of conclusions. This amount of research cannot be easily summarised. But broadly speaking it shows the involvement of Austrian individuals, groups and institutions in all facets of expropriation of assets from the Jewish community in the Nazi years; from daylight robbery to more subtle forms of expropriation in the name of economic rationality. It also shows how numerous individual Austrians and institutions – from Vienna’s Dorotheum auction house to the state (federal, regional and local) – gained as a result of these activities.

The commission described how a machinery was established in Austria in the first post war decade, to provide restitution to the economic victims of the Nazis. And how some survivors had had some success in getting it. For example the owners of businesses that had not been liquidated (these were in the minority, and were generally the larger firms) had quite a good chance. It also helped if the claim involved real estate. Most moveable property simply disappeared and – apart from identifiable works of art – will presumably never be found.

It was not until the 1980s that the state began to put its weight behind the interests of the victims of Nazi rule.

The views expressed here are the personal opinions of the writer. The publications of the Historikerkommission can be found on their website and are being published in book form by Oldenbourg Verlag (Munich).

Books

Hitler’s Austria: Popular Sentiment in the Nazi Era by Evan Bukey (University of North Carolina Press, 2000)

Fallen Bastions by GER Gedye (Victor Gollancz, 1939)
source: BBC.co.uk archive, Holocaust
The edited parts can be read there.

Nazis: more on the Church; Edwin Black; Eichmann; Hitler; Red Cross; evidence on gas chambers

03/10/2011

new!: July 29, 2010

The Forgotten Pope Who Challenged Hitler
By Rabbi Marvin Hier
Earlier this year, eighteen Catholic scholars from the United States, Germany, and Australia, took the unprecedented step of writing a letter to Pope Benedict XVI, urging him to slow down the canonization process that would designate Pope Pius XII a saint of the Catholic Church, until more evidence could be found to defend the action against charges that he failed to do enough during the Nazi Holocaust. Pope Benedict inherited the Pius XII dossier from his predecessors but angered critics, including the Simon Wiesenthal Center, when he issued a decree in December 2009, recognizing Pius’s “heroic virtues,” moving him one step closer to Sainthood.

Normally, it is not the business of Jews who the Catholic Church designate a saint, but Pius XII must be an exception to the rule because it would require us to teach our children and grandchildren that while history’s greatest crime was being committed and 6 million Jews, 1/3 of all of world Jewry were exterminated, a saint was sitting on the throne of St. Peter.

While the Vatican continues to push the candidacy of Pius XII, the other Pope who lived during the times of Adolf Hitler, Pius XI, is never mentioned as a candidate for Sainthood. Yet it is this Pope more than any other that many believe came closest to dramatically changing the course of WWII. Achille Ratti took the name Pius XI in 1922, when he was elected Pope, the same year Benito Mussolini marched on Rome.

But his misfortune was presiding over the church during the advent of the ‘age of the dictators,’ Mussolini and Hitler. In the early years, Pius XI, despite his misgivings, sought accommodation with them fearing confrontation would weaken the church. So in 1929, he signed a Concordat with fascist Italy which protected the independence of the Vatican, but lessened his ability to confront Mussolini’s aggression.

He also allowed his Secretary of State, Cardinal Pacelli (the future Pius XII), to sign a **Concordat with Hitler in 1933, hoping to preserve Catholic institutions in Germany. But the moral cost was high. He did not protest when the Germans passed the first antisemitic laws in 1933 excluding non-Aryans from public office, or when they passed the infamous Nuremberg Laws in 1935.**

But Pius XI soon became very troubled by his deal with the ‘devil’ and the more he observed their inhumanity and deceit, the more determined he was to confront them. In his 1937 Encyclical **”Mit Brennender Sorge (With Burning Anxiety),” he lambasted those who worshiped the superiority of race. A year later, when the Austrian Cardinal ** Innitzer welcomed Hitler’s takeover of Austria, Pius XI summoned him to the Vatican and forced him to issue a humiliating public retraction.

But the apex of his resistance came when he ignored his own inner circle of advisors and instructed an American Jesuit priest visiting the Vatican, Father John **Lafarge, to write an encyclical condemning racism and antisemitism. The pope had read Lafarge’s book on the racial injustice done to American ‘Negroes’ and knew instinctively that Lafarge was the right man for the job. He told the startled priest to write the encyclical as if he were the Pope. Lafarge and two colleagues worked feverishly outside of Paris to prepare the document they called, “Humani Generis Unitas (The Unity of the Human Race).”

On September 20, 1938, Father Lafarge handed in the completed document to Wladimir Ledochowski, the Father Superior of the Jesuits in Rome.
Although the document retained elements of Catholic teachings – that the Jews’ rejection of Christ caused them “to perpetually wander over the face of the Earth,” ***it also condemned anti-Semitism in language never before uttered by a Pope and never acknowledged by the church for twenty centuries. “…Millions of persons are deprived of the most elementary rights, denied legal protection against violence and robbery, exposed to every insult and public degradation, innocent persons are treated as criminals, even those who in time of war fought bravely for their country are treated as traitors…. This flagrant denial of human rights sends many thousands of helpless persons out over the face of the earth without any resources….”

Coincidentally, on the day Lafarge handed in the Encyclical, Pius XI, speaking to a group of Christian pilgrims, said, “…Abraham is our patriarch and forefather. Anti-Semitism is incompatible with that lofty thought…. It is a movement with which we Christians can have nothing to do…. No, no, I say to you…. It is impossible for a Christian to take part in anti-Semitism. It is inadmissible…. Spiritually, we are all Semites.”

Tragically, Father Lafarge’s document was too shocking for some conservative prelates in Rome. They delayed sending it on to the ailing Pope who kept asking for it but never saw it until it was too late. With Lafarge’s Encyclical on his desk, **Pius XI died on February 10, 1939, before he could sign it. The new Pope, Pius XII, refused to issue it. **

Mysteriously, the document soon disappeared and not another word was heard about it until the National Catholic Reporter broke the story some
43 years later.

What would have happened if the encyclical had been signed? Many believe that it would so have divided Germany’s 45 million Catholics that it would have delayed or prevented Hitler’s plans of launching WWII.

Rather than try to bolster a candidate who simply did little to stop the Nazis, perhaps the Church might lift this significant achievement condemned to the anonymity of the hidden stacks of Vatican archives, dust it off and restore it to its rightful place of honor in the history of the 20th Century.

Rabbi Marvin Hier is the Founder and Dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Auschwitz_Protocols
The Catholic Church did in fact intervene with Admiral Horthy to spare the deportees. However, by then 437,000 Jews , at least, had been deported. Some of these went to labor camps, but the vast majority to Auschwitz Birkenau. The NY Times and the BBC both broadcast these facts to the world in 1944. However, more Jews were later to be deported when the Nazis overthrew the Hungarian Gov’t, and operated with quislings.

It still raises as many questions as it answers. The proof of the Holocaust should have spurred the Allied gov’ts. to do more to liberate Auschwitz. The Red Army liberated Majdanek in July 1944, yet Stalin then halted his advance into Poland, in order for the Nazis to crush the Home Armee of Poles.

This betrayal of Poland helped lead to hundreds of thousands of deaths of Jews as well; because the Red Army could and should have pushed on past Majdanek to Auschwitz Birkenau. Instead Stalin ordered the Red Army to halt.

It also raises questions as to why the Allies couldn’t have just bombed the camp altogether, which would have been the best solution, even though many would have died.

Furthermore, it proves conclusively that Hitler knew about the Holocaust, because when he learned that Horthy had stopped the deportations, he became enraged.

Eric John Waschneck (* April 29th 1887 in Grimsby , † September 22 1970 in Berlin ) was a German cameraman , director , screenwriter and film producer ., Nazi film director.

http://www.amazon.com/Nurember­g-Interviews-Leon-Goldensohn/d­p/1400030439/ref=pd_rhf_shvl_3­2
Dr Goldensohn conducted post-war interviews with the top Nazi henchmen captured. This is a truly shocking book

wiki bio: In the summer of 1942, US Consul to the Vatican Myron C.Taylor went on his most significant mission yet. He was asked to convey to the Pope that the U.S. would win the war and there would be no peace without victory. Another accomplishment of this trip was to influence the Pope to speak out in the atrocities being perpetuated against the Jews.

T­he_Abandonment_of_the_Jews
David S. Wyman. Notes that the Vatican was able to stop the Deportations from Slovakia for two years. It proves that they could have done more then.

p.563, Dr. Weizsacker discusses Bishop Hudal’s letter, and the Vatican’s attitude to the deportation of the Jews. this is especially distressing, since it was Hudal who was in charge of giving out passports after the War to the nazi ratline.

“The Vatican was kept well-informed of the unfolding atrocities perpetuated in the new Catholic State” of Croatia, (officially named, NDH). page 229, Friedlander, Years of Extermination. That’s very damning.

John F. Pollard, The Vatican and Fascism.

John F. Morley, Vatican Diplomacy and the Jews during the Holocaust in Italy : 1939-1943 (1980)

———-
Proof:
Eugen Kogon, Mass Murder: Documentary history of the use of poison gas, Yale University.

Saul Friedlander, The Years of Extermination, Nazi Germany, has over 50 references to killing by poison gas in the camps.

This book, “Devil’s Disciples” has 29 references to the gas chambers in the book, all documented.
by Anthony Read. P. 671,”Christian Wirth from Stuttgart, had built a prototype gas chamber in a disused prison in Brandenburg.”P. 721, “Gas vans.” p.723, Eichmann and Hoess discuss gas as a method of killing prisoners.

Dr Carl Jacob Burkhardt, Nov 7 1942 states that Hitler ordered the Holocaust . “I then asked him whether the word extermination , or its equivalent was employed, to which he replied that the words “must be Juden frei” were utilized. He then made it clear that since there is no place to send these Jews, and since the territory must be cleared of these Jews, it is obvious what the net result would be. ”

“… direct references to the death camps on BBC broadcasts in June 1942 and again in June 1944.” (p. 262, Fritzsche, Life and Death in the third Reich.) Also, p. 247, BBC reported on the murder of an estimated 700,000 Jews as of June 1942.”

Hitler, the Germans, and the Final Solution (Paperback)
by Prof. Ian Kershaw. Has an enormous amt of info on the Holocaust

“On September 9 [1939] Colonel Eduard Wagner discussed the future of Poland with Hitler’s Army Chief of Staff, General Halder. “It is the Fuhrer’s and Goering’s intention, ” Wagner wrote in his diary, “to destroy and exterminate the Polish nation. More than that cannot even be hinted at in writing.” p. 6m Martin Gilbert, The Second World war
——
Int’l Red Cross

source: Favez. Memo from US Consul Paul C. Squire about his interview with Dr. Burkhardt, 7 Nov 1942.
from, “The Red Cross and the Holocaust: “had the Allies known in 1943 all that we know now, they would surely have chosen to bomb Auschwitz-Birkenau and other Nazi extermination camps…” Jean Claude Favez.

Philip Etter, Swiss Official during the War. Mentioned as having influenced the Intl Red Cross on neutrality, and stifling any criticism of Adolf.
===
Diana Mosley: “I asked about the Holocaust, of course, expecting a David Irving-style refutation, but was astounded not to get one. “I’m sure he was to blame for the extermination of the Jews,” she answered. “He was to blame for everything, and I say that as someone who approved of him.'”

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/co­mment/personal-view/3595037/Di­ana-Mosley-unrepentantly-Nazi-­and-effortlessly-charming.html­#

======
Wilhelm Baur; Kurt Schmitt (d. 1950); two more Nazis.

Rolf Rienhardt (* July 2 1903 in Bucharest , † March 16 1975 in Badenweiler ) Nazi propagandist.
Also, Joseph Berg (?).

Gerhard Weinberg, UNC Professor, discovered Hitler’s Second Book which claims Europe and Britain will join and attack America.

guardian.co.uk/books/2004/aug/28/featuresreviews.­guardianreview
David Cesarani, British Historian.”Hungarian officials proved especially willing subscribers, undertaking all duties from asset stripping to loading the trains, leaving Eichmann with little to do. ”

http://www.icrc.org/eng/resour­ces/documents/feature/travel-d­ocument-feature-310507.htm

Intl Red Cross and escapes.

http://www.icrc.org/eng/resour­ces/documents/misc/6ayg86.htm
IRC and death camps

———-
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news­/worldnews/europe/germany/842­6813/Adolf-Eichmann-regretted-­not-killing-all-Europes-Jews.h­tml#

Richard Hartenberger :an Austrian SS lieutenant (1943) and employees of (RSHA).

“I can only repeat that, if Eichmann, at least I personally never said about Jews such measures it throughout Section IV B 4 ranging from the typists to the top it was known that the Jews were systematically killed. We were also aware that the able-bodied Jews partly sorted out and as long as they could, were used for labor, while the non-working Jews were liquidated. Therefore, if someone claims to have the unit, known nothing about it, he probably does so for obvious reasons. Es war eben kein Geheimnis.” [6] It was not a secret. ” [6]

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/09/arts/anniversary-of-adolf-eichmanns-trial-sheds-light-on-postwar-germany.html?_r=1&src=me&ref=general

Bild, the German tabloid, having recently forced the BND through the courts to release a few files, uncovered an index card from 1952 that made clear that West German intelligence officials already knew Eichmann was living in Argentina. The card listed his alias there, or something close to it, and a contact who edited a well-known Nazi magazine in Buenos Aires, Der Weg.

West German authorities had claimed they had no clue, Also indicates that they didn’t want to bring attention to the past of Hans Gloebke

[Globke], Adenauer’s aide.

——

Winston Churchill, The Second World War (Vol six):
‘There is no doubt this is the most horrible crime ever committed in the whole history of the world, and it has been done by scientific machinery by nominally civilised men in the name of a great State and one of the leading races of Europe. ‘ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/w­­orldwars/genocide/churchill_h­o­locaust_01.shtml

Winston Churchill on the Holocaust
——-
Edwin Black,author:

www-05.ibm.com/de/ibm/unternehmen/geschichte/1940.htm­l
IBM site in Germany still doesn’t acknowledge Black’s research on its role during the Holocaust.

“German Railway, the Reichsbahn, Dehomag’s biggest customer, dealt directly with senior management in Berlin. Dehomag maintained punch card installations at train depots across Germany, and eventually across all Europe.” ibid. Dehomag, is German IBM.

” IBM Germany, using its own staff and equipment, designed, executed, and supplied the indispensable technologic assistance Hitler’s Third Reich needed to accomplish what had never been done before-the automation of human destruction. More than 2,000 such multi-machine sets were dispatched throughout Germany, and thousands more throughout German-dominated Europe. Card sorting operations were established in every major concentration camp. People were moved from place to place, systematically worked to death, and their remains cataloged with icy automation. ” from “The transfer Agreement”, Black.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I­BM_and_the_Holocaust
Edwin Black shows how IBM ‘s Germany subsidiary enabled Hitler’s Holocaust. IBM claimed ignorance. Yet they made a huge profit in that year 1939 when the German Army invaded Poland.

Whether at that time I had doubts against the use of gas vans I cannot say. The main issue for me at the time was that the shootings were a considerable burden for the man who were in charge thereof and that this burden was taken off them through the use of the gas vans.

From my translation of the deposition of former SS Obersturmfuehrer Walter Rauff before the German Embassy in Santiago de Chile on 28 June 1972.

on axishistory

http://wymaninstitute.org/Repo­rt-Bombing-Auschwitz.pdf

http://wymaninstitute.org/pres­s/2008-1-11.php
on the argument over whether or not they should have bombed Auschwitz.

“During those seven months, the
president of the Jewish Agency, the head of its political department, the
chairman of its Rescue Committee, and its representatives in Washington,
London,  Geneva, Budapest, Istanbul, Jerusalem, and Cairo, repeatedly pressed
American, British, and Soviet diplomats, as well as the Polish and Czech
governments in exile, to bring about the bombing of Auschwitz. ”

It also mentions that the USSR refused to do anything that would help ‘national groups.’