Archive for the ‘National Socialism’ Category

Church and Holocaust , part two. Chelmno.


Nazis associated with “Gas vans”:

Ewald Wortmann, Hannes Wortmann called (* April 17 1911 in Marne , † September 15 1985 in Osnabrück ), was in the era of National Socialism in the context of the Nazi “euthanasia” program as a physician at the patient selection and in the NS Sunstone-killing center in Pirna active.

Walter Schaedig (* 3. October 1904 in Berlin; †?) SS-Sturmbannführer, director/conductor of the Referates V D was 1 (keeping in track and person identification) in the group of office V D (Kriminaltechni Institut of the state police – KTI) of the Central Reich Security Office (RSHA ) and representative of the office group leader in the third realm

Klaus Endruweit (* December 6 1913 in Tilsit , † September 3 1994 in Hildesheim ) was in the Nazi German Reich during the Nazi ” euthanasia “program as a physician in the Nazi killing center at Sunstone in Pirna active.

Kurt Walter Werner Borm (* August 25th 1909 in Berlin , † 2001 in Suderburg ) [1] [2] was the National Socialist German Reich SS Captain and as part of Operation T4 as a physician in the Nazi killing center at Sunstone in Pirna , as well as Employees in the central office-T4 in Berlin.

Associated with Kammler:
Archive/File: camps/auschwitz jahrling.may43
Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Jahrling


NEW!!: German officer who tried to stop the Holocaust :

Gerhard Schmidhuber (9 April 1894 – 11 February 1945 in the battle of Budapest) was a German major general. He was also a recipient of the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Born in Dresden in the Kingdom of Saxony, Schmidhuber was commanding officer of the Wehrmacht Heer’s 13th Panzer Division during World War II. When the Germans occupied Hungary in 1944, Schmidhuber was supreme commander of German army forces in that country. In that capacity, he had extensive dealings with the Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg and prevented the liquidation of the Jewish ghetto in the face of the advancing Red Army. Schmidhuber was killed in action in the Battle of Budapest.


The Politics of the Nazi Past in Germany and Austria, David Art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006) 232 pp., cloth $69.00, pbk. $24.99, Adobe e-book $20.00

During the first ten years of Konrad Adenauer’s chancellorship in West Germany, the integration of former Nazis assumed priority, while interpretations of the Third Reich placed the blame for Nazism on a small clique of leaders and exonerated the German population as victims of both Nazi terror and Allied bombing. In 1961, however, the Eichmann trial in Jerusalem and the Auschwitz trials in Frankfurt exposed the West German public to the inner workings of genocide and the role of seemingly ordinary Germans in it.

Christian Gerlach, Study on “Belarus.”

Pius XII, the Holocaust, and the Cold War, Michael Phayer (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008), xvi + 333 pp., $29.95.
Building upon his important study The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930–1965, Michael Phayer has produced a significant work, Pius XII, the Holocaust, and the Cold War, which illuminates the choices that the Vatican made under Pius XII during the Second World War and the years immediately following. At the outset, Phayer informs his readers that he has no intention of entering into the debate over the worthiness of the case for Pius XII’s sainthood. Similarly, he dismisses the work of apologists whose sole goal is to portray Pius XII in the most positive light possible. Instead, Phayer examines Pius XII in his role as a politician and leader of the Vatican state. He bases his findings on a wide variety of primary sources located in the US National Archives, including recently released papers of various US government agencies; the papers of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, housed in the Archives of the Catholic University of America; and the records of both the pontificate of Pius XI (1922–1939) and the German Reichssicherheitshauptamt, microfilmed copies of which are located in the Archives of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Despite his use of such diverse sources, Phayer believes that recent books such as Gerhard Besier’s The Holy See and Hitler’s Germany and Peter Godman’s Hitler and the Vatican (which utilized Vatican documents from Pius XI’s pontificate) reveal that historians have a lot more to learn from the materials the Vatican has yet to release. Although more about this period will be discovered when the Vatican opens its archives.
MAJOR JONES: Listen to what the leader of the SS, Himmler, says about the unity of his own organization, this armed SS. This is when he was addressing the officers of the SS Leibstandarte of Adolf Hitler:

“This Waffen-SS will live only if our entire SS lives, if the entire corps is actually an order which lives according to its inherent laws and realizes that one part cannot exist without the other. One cannot imagine you without the Allgemeine SS; and the latter cannot be imagined without you. The Police is not to be imagined without the SS, nor can we be imagined without the executive of the State, which is in our hands.”­iewtopic.php?t=51461
source for “SS

That is an extract from Document 1918-PS.­ch/holocaust/finding-aid/milit­ary/rg-242.html­ide/SS3.htm
“We were the first really to solve the problem of blood by action, and in this connection, by problem of blood, we of course do not mean anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism is exactly the same as delousing. Getting rid of lice is not a question of ideology. It is a matter of cleanliness. In just the same way, antisemitism, for us, has not been a question of ideology, ‘but a matter of cleanliness, which now will soon have been dealt with. We shall soon be deloused. We have only 20,000 lice left, and then the matter is finished within the whole of Germany. But for us the question of blood was a reminder of our own worth, a reminder of what is actually the basis holding this German people together. ”

Speech by Heinrich Himmler to a gathering of German generals at Sonthofen on May 24, 1944
So far , I have only seen a snippet of the speech.
Posener Weden, wiki deutsche, google trans
German to English translation
Posen speech

Heinrich Himmler. Recording made in 1942
Die Posen speeches were two secret speeches at the Heinrich Himmler as Reich Leader SS 4th and 6 October 1943 in the town hall of the then German-occupied Polish town of Poznan held. Their records are the first known documents from the era of National Socialism, which imposed a senior member of government at the time held mass killings of Jews from selected open to the public. They show that has willed the Holocaust, the Nazi regime, planned and implemented.

Recording made in 1943Im same period, the extermination of the Jews for the Nazi regime was the main war aim. [5] In the spring was the special unit was commissioned in 1005 to exhume the bodies of the Einsatzgruppen massacres of the entire Eastern Front, and to burn the tracks the genocide of 1.8 million so far to eradicate Jews. Himmler ordered on 11 June, the “liquidation” of all Polish, 21 June, all Soviet Jewish ghetto. On 25 June, completed four new crematoria at Auschwitz-Birkenau. On 1 July, provided all the Jews in the German Empire under police law. On 24 August, Himmler was appointed minister of the interior, so that he stood by all police forces in the Reich and the occupied territories. By 19 October should the “Aktion Reinhardt” end and three of the extermination camps set up to be resolved.

But the extermination of the Jews met with resistance. In Treblinka (August 2) and Sobibor (October 14) there was prisoner riots, Jewish residents of Bialystok opposed the dissolution of their ghettos (August 16 to 23), the Danes helped the most to help Danish Jews to escape ( 1 and 2 October). Domestically, religious leaders condemned the killing of innocent life (Catholic pastoral letter, 19 August) because of age, disease and racial reasons (Confessing Church, October 16) [6].

Speech of 4 October 1943
Audio and written records
Himmler worked most of his speeches not before, but held it tight using handwritten notes. Since late 1942, its oral presentations were not shorthand, but recorded on wax records. These recordings tapped lieutenant *Alfred Werner Venn and corrected from doing some obvious grammatical errors or missing words added. Himmler corrected this rough hand again, the so-authorized text was on a typewriter with large type and then copied again placed [7].

Of Himmler’s three-hour speech on 4 October 1943 is the final version of 115 typewritten pages (one sheet was lost) in the SS files found and presented as a document 1919-PS at the Nuremberg trial of major war criminals were. [8] On 23 The trial was quoted a passage from it which did not apply the Holocaust [9] Even the sound recording of this speech is preserved, so that the differences between spoken and redactions can be verified. You are sinnverfälschend minor and in no case [10].

Recipients, occasion and purpose

The Poznań City Hall. Recording made in 1910
Himmler thought that the Posen speech is not, as erroneously often assumed in Poznan castle, but in the Poznań City Hall. [11] The local SS group leaders meeting (management level of the SS) were 33 top group leader, 51 group leaders and eight brigade leader of the SS in the kingdom there. Many of them came from the occupied areas of Eastern Europe. [12] Further included parts of speech, therefore, the precarious situation on the Eastern Front. The War and Resistance success of the “Slavs” as alleged underlings needed a statement to the SS officers on the upcoming harsh winter battles in the third tune of the Russian campaign.

Only about two minutes of the speech dealt with the murder of Jews. It was Himmler, the experiences of his audience with mass executions, death camps and ghetto resolutions or advance their knowledge of it. The speech should itself justify crimes committed and the listeners to their “higher purpose” amongst team members. This speech text is not even present some fifty senior SS officers was sent for information to what they had to confirm [13].

To the war
After a funeral ceremony is Himmler’s view of war history dar. The tenacious Russian resistance was due to the political commissioners, one a Russian attack had previously been limited, due to failure of the allies had been given away the victory 1942nd Himmler speculated about the potential of the Russian army, speaks disparagingly of the “Vlasov-hype” is spreading about the inferiority of the “Slavic race” and connects to consider how a German minority would prevail there.

To treat the peoples of Eastern Europe
In his sketch of the history of war in the East, Himmler also takes to the millions of mass death of Soviet POWs and forced laborers position. As in prewar speeches and statements in accordance with Hitler in Mein Kampf he says that the eradication of the Slavic “subhumans” is a historical and natural necessity. Here ‘mind in the wrong place “is: [14]

“Apply a principle must be absolute for the SS man: honest, decent, loyal and comradely we have to be members of our own blood and to nobody else. How are the Russians, what happens to the Czechs, I’m totally indifferent. That which exists in the peoples of good blood of our type, we will pick ourselves by them, if necessary kidnapping their children and raising them with us. Whether nations live in prosperity or starve to death interests me only insofar as we need them as slaves for our Kultur, otherwise no interest to me. Whether you fall over in the construction of a tank ditch 10,000 Russian women from exhaustion or not, I am interested only in so far as the tank ditch for Germany is finished. ”

“Extermination of the Jewish people”
Then he talks about the genocide of the Jews in a non-veiled language that had not been heard by a representative of the Nazi regime until then: [15]

“I mean the evacuation of the Jews, the extermination of the Jewish people. One of the things that is easily said. -. Is the Jewish people exterminated, “every Party member, says, ‘perfectly clear, in our program, elimination of the Jews, extermination, we’ […] Of all who talk like this, no one has seen it, no one has it endured. Most of you will know what it means when 100 bodies lie together, when 500 or lie there are 1000. have gone through this, and – apart from exceptions caused by human weakness – to have remained decent, has made us hard. This is a never written and never to be written page of glory in our history. […] We had the moral right, we had to kill the duty to our nation, this people that wanted to kill us. ”

Himmler then praised the “attitude” of the SS and spreads to 30 of 116 pages about the alleged “virtues” as well as about their task in 20 to 30 years to represent the elite of Europe.

Speech of 6 October 1943
Records, discovery, publication
From the second Himmler’s Posen speech are both brief speech notes and the complete, according to a shorthand typewriter and exported into details corrected text of the speech and its final version, authorized by Himmler. All three versions were in the records of the “personal staff Reich SS”, the documents, the U.S. authorities in 1945 seized full.

In the U.S. on microfilm recorded speeches were delivered to the Federal Archives. In evaluating this now accessible documents discovered by the historian Erich Goldhagen 1970 in Koblenz this previously unknown speech. [16] It was reprinted in 1974 in the edited by Bradley Smith and Agnes Peterson selection of Himmler’s secret speech the first time completely [17].

Reason, purpose, relevance
End of September 1943 the party had all the Reich Chancellery and Gauleiter, the Reich Youth Leader Axmann Arthur and the Reich Minister Albert Speer Alfred Rosenberg invited to a conference. The conference began on 6 October at 9:00 clock with papers Speers, its officers and four great industrialists to produce weapons. This was followed by presentations by Karl Doenitz and Erhard Milch, Himmler thought of before 17:30 bis 19:00 clock his speech. [18] it is shorter than the first Posen speech, but a slightly longer and clear passage contains about the genocide. [ 19 you] is usually mentioned in connection with Albert Speer.

About the “Jewish Question”
Then head Himmler “in this most intimate circles” on the “Jewish question”, which he calls “the hardest question of my life”: [20]

“I ask you what I tell you in this circle, and never really listen to just talk about it. We were faced with the question: What is it with women and children? – I have decided to also find here a clear solution. I did not consider myself justified to exterminate the men, that is, so to kill or be killed – and the avengers in the shape of the children of our sons and grandsons to. It had the difficult decision to be taken to make this people disappear from the earth. For the organization that had to do the job, it was the worst we’ve ever had. […] ”

“I thought I was obligated to […] to you as the highest dignitaries of the party, this political order, this policy instrument of the leader, also talk about this issue once and openly to say how it was. The Jewish question in the occupied countries we will be finished by the end of this year. There are only remnants of individual Jews remain, which are hatched. ”

Remarks of Albert Speer
Himmler has the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (April 19 to May 16, 1943) and the heavy fighting out there. He leads an ironic this passage: [21]

“The whole ghetto was so fur coats, clothing and the like. If you wanted hinlangen there earlier, it said: Stop! They disrupt the war effort! Stop! Armaments factory! – Of course this has to do with party members Speer nothing, nothing you can do so. It is the part of alleged armaments factories, the Party member of the spear and I want to clean together in the coming weeks. ”

Removal of women and children after the defeat of the insurgency. Recording of May 1943Albert Speer, since 1942, minister for armament and ammunition, was since 2 September of 1943 as minister for armaments and war economy for the entire German war production in charge. Jewish forced laborers employed there had been until 1943 except for the part of the deportations to extermination. Speer claimed after 1945, always leave the conference before the speech, Himmler and knew nothing about the Holocaust to have. Himmler’s direct address – “You can not even do” – Historians, however, values as evidence of his presence [22].

“If we see this, then we will never leave the faith, we will never be unfaithful, we will never be a coward, never be a bad mood, but we will do our best to be worthy to have lived under Adolf Hitler and to fight at may. ”

Other speeches
Statements about the “total solution to the Jewish question” in five other Himmler’s secret speech to confirm his Posen designs. On 16 December 1943 he said in Weimar before commanders of the Navy [24]

“[…] So I have basically given the order to be put to death the women and children of these partisans and commissars. I was a weakling and a crime against our posterity, when I grow up these hateful sons of us in the struggle of man against man completed under sub-human could be. ”

A handwritten note by Himmler’s speech on 26 January 1944 poses in front of the generals fighting troops is: [25]

“In G.G. [General] since most calming solution d. Jewish question. – Racial struggle. Total solution. Avenger can not buy f. our children. ”

On 5 May 1944 Himmler declared in Sonthofen to the Generals, a perseverance in the bombing campaign was only possible because previously had been “eliminated” the Jews in Germany. Then he paraphrased Hitler’s statement of 30 January 1939 before the Greater German Reichstag. If you mean once again incited the people of Europe into a war against each other, is not that the extermination of the German people, but the extermination of the Jews [26]

He continued: [27]

“The Jewish question is solved in Germany and in general in the territories occupied by Germany. […] You can understand me, how difficult the fulfillment of this military order was given to me, I have followed and carried out in obedience and wholeheartedly. If you say, ‘For men, we see that, but not for children’, then I must remind you of what I said in my first intervention. […] We are m. E. and German at all so far from our very heartfelt affections do not have permission to leave the hateful avenger be large so that then have to face our children and our grandchildren with those, because we, the fathers and grandfathers, too weak and cowardly, the leaving them. ”

The sound of another Sonthofener speech to [Army] Generals on 24 May 1944 can hear applause at the following passage: [28]

“Another question that was relevant to the internal security of the Reich and Europe, the Jewish question. It was after orders and rational knowledge uncompromisingly solved [applause]. […] I have not considered the right – this relates to the Jewish women and children – in the children the great avenger will allow […] I would have thought a coward. Consequently, the issue was resolved without compromise. At present, however – it is strange in this war – we first 100,000, later 100,000 male Jews from Hungary in concentration camps, that we are building underground factories. Of those not coming a somehow in the field of view of the German people. ”

On 21 June 1944 Himmler says in the ideological-political training of the generals [29] in Sonthofen: [30]

“It was the most formidable task, and the terrible job that could get an organization: the mandate to solve the Jewish question. I must not, in this district again say in all honesty a few sentences. It is good that we had the toughness to exterminate the Jews in our area. ”

Historical context
The Nazi regime was the Holocaust to the outside strictly secret, but it was only by organizing the participation of all relevant officials of state and party and carry out (see note of Holocaust witnesses). The Posen speech looking back on the already completed mass killings and show how these and the other extermination actions were justified ideologically. The “extermination” of the “enemy within”, the “Jewish race” had become a military target, “successes” in this field should also compensate for defeats in the course of the war.

Saul Friedlander points Himmler’s self-image as strictly obedient executor of Hitler’s plans for the Germanic Lebensraum in the East “show: [31]

“The kingdom shall ensure the destruction of the Jews regularly as a heavy responsibility towards that had given him the ‘leader’ and therefore not up for debate was,. This task demanded of him and his men ceaseless dedication and a steadfast spirit of self-sacrifice”

This corresponded to Himmler’s efforts to require the listeners of his Posen speech to persevere and continue the whole “extermination of the Jews” and so moral as future elite building. This is often as a perversion of very positive values such as “decency,” “honor” and “loyalty” – analyzed – in this case based on the holding out the mass murder. Konrad Kwiet see Himmler’s speeches as examples of a new “ethics” and conscious education for mass murder, which shields the perpetrators of the war beyond the suffering of their victims and becoming conscious of their crimes: [32]

“It is this monstrous combination of murder and morality, and decency of crime that hits the core of the perpetrator mentality. As part of such a kind Nazi ethics, a completely new concept was created by decency and made the commitment. Hannah Arendt coined the phrase of the “banality of evil ‘, other authors emphasize the normality of the crime’. Almost all offenders were characterized in fact by the ability, after committing the murder to return to the routine of everyday life and to live a ‘normal’ life. With surprise, confusion and anger responded most, as they were determined during the Nazi law enforcement and recalls the past. In court, ignorance and innocence were stressed. The murderers were – with exceptions – been spared from the traumatic experiences they have left to the surviving victims.

Hans Buchheim, according to the perpetrators had been talking very much a sense of wrongdoing. Himmler’s revaluation of soldierly virtues was not a total negation of moral standards, but its suspension for the exceptional situation of the “extermination of the Jews,” which was issued as a historical necessity. Why did Himmler murder of Jews, without command, but approved of the “correct” ideological motives, while he just kind of murder of sadism or self-interest could prosecute. [33]

The historian Dieter Pohl points out: [34]

“In the traditional institutions of the Nazi state, however, began in 1943 secretly to search for a defense strategy for the postwar period. It had not been informed and is to blame only the SS ”

The relentless depiction of the genocide in Himmler’s secret speech is therefore interpreted as a means to high SS and Nazi party officials formally make it into accomplices and instigators of their implementation. [35] This intention can also be a diary entry by Joseph Goebbels on 2 recognize March 1943: [36]

“As always in the crises of the party, it is the duty of the closest friends of the leader, in such times of need for him to rally […] Especially in the Jewish question we are set so that it gives us no more escape . And that’s a good thing. A movement and a people who have left the bridges behind him fight, according to experience more unconditional than those who do not have a chance to withdraw […] ”

On 9 October 1943 commented Goebbels Himmler’s second speech in which he was present [37]

“As to the Jewish question, he is also a very frank and unvarnished picture. He believes that we can solve the Jewish problem by the end of this year. He advocates the toughest and most radical solution, namely, is Judaism with their children and eradicate. Surely this is a brutal though, yet logical solution. For we must already assume the responsibility for ensuring that this issue is resolved in our time altogether. Later generations will surely not dare with the courage and the dog on this issue, as we can now do. ”

But other Himmler’s secret speech was recorded in the same way in audio and written, and are independent of each other clearly attributed to that speaker. Confirm every detail of the first speech doubted. With the discovery of the second Posen speech at the Federal Archives in Koblenz falsifying hypotheses were finally collapses. The contained “most open and most striking passage about the extermination of the Jews” can be no room for reinterpretation, so that the deniers’ claims have no historical worth discussing receive. The history of science, it therefore rejects as baseless, deliberate deception without factual basis. [40]
source:, Himmler Speeches Posen, see also
Speech in German and translated.

On 16 Dezember 1943 : [24] December 1943 he said in Weimar before commanders of the Navy (Doenitz).

I’m sorry for the poor Google translation, but I can’t read German and correct any errors. The only correction I made was to include that these were Wehrmacht [Army] Generals. Thus the Wehrmacht Upper Echelon did know of and approved of the Holocaust.
Holocaust graves
As Sweden’s envoy in Budapest from July 1944, Raoul Wallenberg prevented the deportation of 20,000 Jews destined for Nazi concentration camps or death factories. He also dissuaded German officers occupying the Hungarian capital from a plan to obliterate the city’s Jewish ghetto, averting a massacre of its 70,000 residents.­iewtopic.php?f=6&t=21973&start­=45

Wallenberg was sent to Budapest to save Jews, not to negotiate a separate peace with Himmler.­-Us-collection-Hungarian-Holoc­aust/dp/1438929056

**Max Huber, head of Int’l Red Cross during 1944. It is alleged that he had Fascist sympathies and worked on their behalf! (born December 28, 1874 in Zurich, † January 1, 1960) was a Swiss lawyer, politician and diplomat and represented Switzerland at a series of international conferences and institutions. In addition, he worked among others as a member and President of the Permanent International Court at The Hague. From 1928 to 1944 he was president of the International Committee of the Red Cross.­s/international/red-cross/pres­s/reuters-icrc-960830.html­ces/documents/misc/6ayg86.htm
Jean-Claude Favez ( The Red Cross and the Holocaust , Cambridge University Press, 1999).

What did the ICRC know? We hardly know how the ICRC obtained its information. Still, there is no doubt that senior ICRC officials had become aware of the genocide by the summer of 1942.
**Carl Burckhardt, a distinguished member of the Committee, confirmed the existence of an order issued by Hitler intended to make the Reich
” Judenfrei ” or ” free of Jews ” , in the terminology of Hitler’s Germany. Burckhardt added that since there was no place where they could be resettled, this could only mean one thing.­ortal/world-news/german-red-cr­oss-uncovers-its-pro-nazi-past­_10064086.html


Walter Huppenkothen (* 31. Dezember 1907 in Haan im Rheinland; † 1979 in Lübeck) war ein deutscher Jurist, SS-Standartenführer im Reichssicherheitshauptamt und NS-Verbrecher. Associated with Eichmann.

Nazis associated with “gas wagons” or “sonder wagons” in the East.­pation/chelmno.html
Those Poles comprising this special unit were Franciszek Piekarski, Henryk Mania, Kajetan Skrzypczynski, Lech Jaskolski, Stanislaw Polubinski, Henryk Maliczak, Stanislaw Szymanski and Marian Libelt. They worked in Chelmno [Kulmhof].

Hans Bothmann, his substitute SS-Untersturmführer Albert Plate, Polizei-Meister Willy Lenz, Polizei-Meister Alois Haeberle or Franciszek Piekarski, Otto Bradfisch.

It gives the names of some who were convicted in post-war courts.

R­ichard von Hegener d. 1981

R­isiera di San Sabba, Trieste, Italy . Ricery of San Sabba.
This is where Ivan Marchenko, of Treblinka, was last seen. He disappeared afterwards with conflicting evidence of what became of this Ukrainian POW gas chamber operator.

Franz Hofer (* November 27 1902 in Hofgastein , † February 18 1975)­eichskriminalpolizeiamt
August Dietrich Allers (* May 17th 1910 in Kiel , † March 22 1975 in Munich ) was a Nazi and a leader in the “euthanasia” program ( T4 involved).

Günther Knobloch (* 13. Mai 1910 in Breslau; † 1970 in Kronach
Heinrich Deubel (* 19. Februar 1890 in Ortenburg (Niederbayern); † 2. Oktober 1962

Forgotten names associated with Walter Rauff’s Unit II D 3a:
Helmut Hoffmann; Friedrich Pradel, 7 years imprisonment; Watler Hoess; Theodor Friedrich Liedling; Walter Schade (same as Schaedig, above?); Felix Wittlich;

Franz Reinhold Coburg, d. 1960; aka Franz Reinhold[1] Schwede (* 5. März 1888 in Drawöhnen im Kreis Memel, Ostpreußen; † 19. Oktober 1960 in Coburg. He arrived on 13 May 1945 in English captivity and was interned until 1947. After a first conviction by a German because of affiliation to the NAZI leader Corps to nine years in prison on 25 November 1948 in Bielefeld he was sentenced prison by a judgment dated 7 April 1951 in Coburg for 52-facher injury in conjunction with attempted coercion in Office during the terror in 1933 to the maximum penalty of ten years. The remaining sentence of probation was suspended on 24 January 1956, 1960 died.

Hans-Joachim Becker. death, unk.

As an interpreter of the American occupation forces, he left Germany, which was one of the Soviet occupation zone with these. From October 1945, Becker worked after his termination at the Provincial Association of Hesse as a merchant on the Americans and others in the Organization and as a Manager in the canteen area.
A Thuringia by January 1947 the criminal police arrest request was rejected by the Kassel Chief of police. The Kassel’s Chief State Prosecutor opened an own investigation. This was posted however on 19 May 1950 on the grounds, that a causal link between the action of Becker’s and the recent killings is not detectable.
Becker worked temporarily in economic and organizational consulting Hessian communes in Offenbach and then again at a US firm in 1952. in 1953, he tried in vain a reinstatement when the State Welfare Association of Hesse, the successor to his previous employer war. Applications at the Regional Council in Kassel, 1958-59 were unsuccessful. Becker worked at the US occupying forces in Bad Kreuznach, back when he was taken on 7th June 1966 in custody. Released on 27 October 1966, he was again imprisoned on 15 April 1970,

I can’t seem to find much info on when they died.

More: Max Drexler; Walter Kehrer; Johannes Schlupper;  Heinz Richter; Adolf Ruebe;  Johann Hassler; Heinz Schlechte.

Franz SchallingSS Scharfuhrer  , Germany, born in BerlinEmployee Ordnungspolizei  in Litzmannstadt, later a member of the crew of German death camp in Chelmno on  the Ner ( Kulmhof  ). ”. One of those hidden camera recorded by Claude  Lanzmann in ” Shoah  “. Opisał proces  mordowania ofiar przy pomocy spalin samochodowych. He described the  process of killing the victims with car exhaust. In 1978, Claude  Lanzmann found him and talked to the meeting. Schalling then  lived in one of the districts of West Berlin.
Franz Grassler

When some claim there were no “death camps” [Vernichtungslageren] in Germany proper [1938 borders], they’re playing games with words. The page on Gas chambers in German wikipedia shows that at least 40,000 people were killed in hospital-or nursing-home gas chambers. Additionally at least 30 gas vans were used on Soviet POWs at Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg, north of Berlin. They also killed nursing home patients and disabled people with phenol injections and other methods.

No one ever seems to talk much about the nazi “gas wagons.” According to a document obtained : December 1941 to June 5 1942 there were 3 such Kulmhof [Chelmno] gas cars in which
97, 000 Jews were killed . [14] They also used them to kill Poles. They were used in Riga as well. The unit that transformed cars into death wagons was called “Unit II D 32.” Walter Rauff was in charge. He died in Chile, 1984.

” special treatment was “equivalent to liquidate. I have no explanation of this term in New Sandez need to give my subordinates as well. It was common knowledge […]. ” Emil Mazuw clarified for his judge the meaning of the term, “Sonderbehandlung.” After the German invasion of Poland was Mazuw proposal to Himmler for the “liquidation” of medical and nursing institutions in representative Pomerania.

Kuno Popp d. 1973 , died in London. Had been a Nazi propagandist.
Alfred Seidler, d. 1976 /Johannes Künzel, unk. death date. Worked in Reich office of public
Emil Mazuw d. 1987 . Euthanasia. Nazi Governor Pomerania, authorized the deaths of tens of thousands of the sick, elderly and infirm. West Germany let him go free after 1953. He died in 1987.

Franz Schwede-Coburg d 1960
This nazi was particularly vicious. Schwede-Coburg arranged in his capacity as Gauleiter and Reich Defence Commissioner for Pomerania – independent, self-employed and, before the Action T4 – the evacuation of the medical and nursing institutions in Treptow, Ueckermünde, Lauenburg, Meseritz-Obrawalde and Stralsund in the fall of 1939 and had the larger number of patients by the SS command Eiman West Prussia shot  or  with gas vans murdered. [7]

Wilhelm von Opel, was an ardent nazi. *d 1948.
“Im Gegensatz zu anderen deutschen Automobilunternehmen lehnte Opel die Beschäftigung von KZ-Häftlingen ab, griff jedoch auf Zwangsarbeiter zurück.”
It says they refused to use kz labor. T or F?

Michel Kedia


Friedrich Rabeneck (born April 15, 1905; died 1977) was a German merchant and SS leader. Rabeneck from November 1939 military service in the Waffen-SS. In July 1941 he was transferred administration and business to the main office, where he became head of Department in the Ministry W III. After establishment of the SS economic and administrative main office (SS-WVHA) in February 1942 Rabeneck succeeded Karl Möckel as head of the Office W III – food establishments in August 1942. In this capacity, Rabeneck remained there until war’s end.[1]Rabeneck had to take responsibility after the war for his work in the SS-WVHA to court.
Hans-Joachim Becker. death, unk. Imprisoned 1970.
*Adolf Gustav Kaufmann,
Rudolf Kaufmann
Reinhold Kaufmann
Adolf Kaufmann
20 Dezember 1902 in Przemysl heute in Polen;†20 August_1974
1939 Kaufmann was drafted to the Navy, was on leave but about as of January 1940: Kaufmann moved to the central services-T4, the organization that was responsible for carrying out the National Socialist “euthanasia” program, so the murder of sick and disabled people (in the post-war Sprachgebrauch “Action T4”). There he took over the Inspection Department, which had to make the establishment and review of various institutions of the gasification and to handle the negotiations with authorities and party services as Director. The offsetting of the cost of accommodation with the corresponding costs or pension providers was separated from spring of 1941 in the central clearing agency under its new leader **Hans-Joachim Becker. At times, Kaufmann was also leader of the House “Schober stone”, a T4 Erholungsheimes in Weißenbach am Attersee.
Also, his two brothers **Rudolf and Reinhold were employed in Hitler’s Chancellery or involved in the action T4.On 31 January 1942, Kaufmann returned after the end of the first phase of the “euthanasia” program as Gau Office leader of the NSDAP regional to Pomerania. In October 1942, he served as Deputy District Manager of the Nazi party in the General District of taurica/Crimea at the Imperial Commissioner Ukraine. A year later he had to return due to the war’s progress to the regional to Pomerania. Kaufmann was transported to the area Director of the Nazi party in July 1944 acting district leader in the District of České Budějovice.
After the war, Kaufmann worked as a controller at BMW and as a representative for laboratory facilities. Only on 21 July 1965 he was arrested. The process against him, as well as against August Dietrich Allers, the former Managing Director of central services-T4 and Reinhold Vorberg, the head of “charitable patient transport GmbH” began on 25 April 1967. Two months later, on 29 June 1967, the 18th day of the hearing, the case against businessman for health reasons was discontinued for the time being, after he had suffered a heart attack on 25 June 1967. Two opinions of the 9 July 1968 and 8 September 1969 told him finally final for incapable of negotiating.  Kaufmann died 20 August 1974 in Freising.
Kurt Eimann (born July 28, 1899 in Görlitz) was a German member of the SS with the rank of SS – Obersturmbannführer, convicted in 1968 for community murder as a war criminal.

His superior, SS-Brigadeführer Johannes Schaefer, a special unit of the security service of the SS called “SS guard military Eimann” founded on 3 July 1939.

Immediately after the beginning of the Polish campaign, a civilian detention camp in Stutthof was established. It was guarded by the “guard military Eimann”, which was subordinate to the higher SS and police leader Richard Hildebrandt in November 1939. While still the organizational preparations for the euthanasia killings were in Germany, members of “SS guard military Eimann” from the end of September to December 1939 shot about 2,000 patients of Polish hospital Kocborowo (Conrad stone). More 1,400 disabled persons were transported to Neustadt in Westpreußen from Pomeranian nursing homes and shot in a forest area of Piasnitz. A Polish commando which consisted of prisoners of the Camp Stutthof and had to bury the dead, was then also being killed. Kurt Eimann it actively participated in the murder in which he shot the first victim personally – as he later said – “a role model to  his men”.

After 1945 Eimann worked at Hanover as a trader in the Misburg. On December 20, 1968 he was by the District Court Hannover sentenced to four years in prison for community for the murder of at least 1,200 people and released from prison.(Presumed dead).

Johannes Schäfer [Schaefer] (born December 14, 1903 in Leipzig; died 28 April 1993 in Bielefeld [1]) was a German politician (NSDAP), SS leaders, mentioned above.
Hermann Pook (* 1. Mai 1901 in Berlin; † 1983[1
After Pook was sentenced economic and administrative main Office of the SS during the Nuremberg trials in the process on 3 November 1947 by an American military tribunal to ten years imprisonment. He was pardoned and released from the prison Landsberg on 1 February 1951.
Pook subsequently practised as a private dentist in Hemmingstedt. In the “1st Frankfurt Auschwitz trial criminal case against Yamada and others” he was read as a witness interrogated, his statement was on 19 November 1964.
In May 1968, a § 50 was inserted in the criminal code, it meant that already advanced investigation against 730 “desk offender” of Reich main Security Office (RSHA) due to statute of limitations were set. In the context of the punishment of Nazi crimes, no German court has regards therefore a member of the Office Group D in the SS-WVHA tried for his actions.[5]

More Nazis 2: including Drs involved in euthanasia; incomplete, weak or no punishment; plus, recent comments


more info on these Nazis at


Ferdinand Eypeltauer (born September 28, 1893 in Vienna; d. 19 July 1979) was an Austrian Prosecutor in Linz and Nazi.

Those chiefly responsible for recruiting the lower-ranking staff of Hartheim, according to subsequent witness statements, were the two Gau inspectors, Stefan Schachermayr (1912–2008[14]) and Franz Peterseil (1907–1991), as well as Adolf Gustav Kaufmann (1902–1974), head of the inspection department of the T4 central office in Berlin. [15]

Julius Muthig (born May 9, 1908 in Aschaffenburg, Germany; d. unknown) was a German physician and SS Guide world  War II.
Years Muthspiel studied medicine and graduated at the University of Würzburg with a 1934 published thesis eclampsia without cramping Dr. med.
In February 1940, he was camp physician in the concentration camp of Dachau, from July 1940 to site doctor in the Neuengamme concentration camp. From April 1941 to July 1942 he was again first camp physician in Dachau. Afterwards, he became a first camp physician at the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. From 1944 on, he held the rank of SS Sturmbannführer of der Waffen-SS.
After the war, he was** not held accountable, but practiced as a physician in Idstein. He was married to Matilda Muthig, the Chief doctor of the euthanasia killings of the T4 intermediate Institute Kalmenhof in Idstein.
Mathilde Muthig (born 4 June 1909 in dinslaken, Germany; died August 6, 1996 in Neuhäusel [1], born Wolters, due to marriages also Weber and Constable man) head physician at the Idstein was Kalmenhof. In this capacity, she was responsible for hundreds of deaths in the context of the euthanasia murders of Nazi Germany from 1939 to 1945. In the literature it is called almost exclusively Mathilde Weber.
She grew up in a strict Catholic home in Dinslaken on the lower Rhine. Her father was a railway official. She attended the higher school for young ladies in dinslaken, Germany, later moved to the convent of the Dominican nuns in Euskirchen.
She made her Abitur with moderate notes in 1931, and began the study of medicine at the University of Bonn. This completed 1938 with the title “enough”. After the prescribed practical year at the University of Bonn, and half a year work she came in June 1939 as Assistant at the Kalmenhof.
Initially, it was allowed to perform only administrative activities. The chief physician had prohibited her patients due to inadequate qualifications. This however was conscripted into the German army, she took over its function. Henceforth, she used a PhD, she in fact but not acquired.
From now on, the number of deaths on the Kalmenhof grown rapidly. Deaths were an absolute exception, until 1939 they have now become the rule.
After the war, she was sentenced to three and a half years in prison. The detention period was, among other things due to a petition as well as the support of magistrate’s Idstein, reduced: after two-thirds of the punishment were least, the remaining sentence was adopted her in the context of a Gnadenerlasses. She married the physician and Sturmbannführer Julius Muthig your brother-in-law. Initially, she had worked from 1954 as receptionist at him.[2] in 1960, she allegedly requested kassenärztliche approval with success and practiced law from then on again.[3] She lived until 1994 largely unmolested in Idstein in the nearby environment to the Kalmenhof moved to then however after Neuhäusel.


The University clinic’s records were destroyed during the war.

Adolf Gustav Kaufmann, auch Gustl Kaufmann,(* 20. Dezember 1902 in Przemysl, heute in Polen; † 20. August 1974 in Freising)
was in the Nazi Reich SA-colonel, head of the inspection department of the central office-T4, deputy district director of the National Socialist Party in the General District Tauria / Crimea and district leaders in Ceske Budejovice.

Medical drs:
Dr Karl Babor (* August 23 1918 in Vienna , † January 21 1964 in Addis Ababa ) was an Austrian SS-Captain (1944) and camp doctor in several concentration camps

Friedrich Karl Dermietzel (* February 7 1899 in Lunow ; † July 7 1981 ) was SS Brigade Commander , Major General of the Waffen-SS and doctor .

Die ”’Liste NS-Ärzte und Beteiligte an NS-Medizin. I didn’t include every name listed.There are more listed on Nazi doctors pages.

Günther Brandt (* October 1 1898 in Kiel , † 1973 ) was a German anthropologist and National Socialist .

Lothar Stengel von Rutkowski (* 3 September 1908 in Hofzumberge today Tērvete , Latvia , † August 24 1992 in Wittmund , Germany) was physician , advocate of the National Socialist racial hygiene and poet .

Emil Heinrich Schütz [1] (* April 12th 1906 in Schmiedeberg ) was a German doctor and participated in human experiments in Nazi concentration camps .

Friedrich Stumpfl (* September 13th 1902 in Vienna , † 1994 ) was an Austrian psychiatrist , forensic biologist , eugenicist / eugenicists and after 1951 a court expert .

Hermann Voss (* October 13th 1894 in Berlin , † January 19th 1987 in Hamburg ; full name: Christian Heinrich Emil Hermann Voss) was a German anatomist .According to Ernst Klee operation Voss “a roaring trade with skeletons and skulls of Jews”. ” [3]

Hans-Wolfgang Romberg (* May 15th 1911 in Berlin , † September 6 1981 in Weil am Rhein ) was a PhD in German aviation medicine. Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial acquitted. He later held a doctor’s office in Dusseldorf. Investigation by the Prosecutor of the Regional Court Munich II against Romberg, Georg August Weltz and Siegfried Ruff and were stopped in 1959. [2]

Kurt Friedrich Plötner [Ploetner](* October 19 1905 in Hermsdorf, † February 26 1984 ) was a German doctor who in the concentration camps of Sachsenhausen and Dachau human experiments conducted and the war unscathed after a career as a high school teacher was.

Günther Brandt (* October 1 1898 in Kiel , † 1973 ) was a German anthropologist and National Socialist .

Anton Endrös [Endroes](* June 15 1900 in Traunstein , † February 20 1962 in Traunstein)

Gregor Ebner (* June 24 1892 in Ichenhausen / Bayern ; † March 22 1974 in Wolfratshausen )

Julius Deussen (* June 25th 1906 in Leipzig , † 1974 ) was a German physician, psychiatrist and philosopher as well as in the era of National Socialism responsible for the murder of disabled children.

Herbert Böhme [Boehme](* 17. Oktober 1907 in Frankfurt (Oder); † 23. Oktober 1971 in Lochham)

Julius Deussen (* June 25th 1906 in Leipzig , † 1974 ) was a German physician, psychiatrist and philosopher as well as in the era of National Socialism responsible for the murder of disabled children.

Hans-Joachim Böhme [Boehme](* 10. Januar 1909 in Magdeburg; † 31. Mai 1960)

Heinrich Eufinger (* January 29 1894 in Wiesbaden , † March 11 1988 in Wilhelmshaven ) was a German gynecologist and SS -doctor.

Falk Alfred Ruttke (* November 11th 1894 in Halle (Saale) , † September 9 1955 in Stuttgart – Bad Cannstatt ) was a German jurist . He is profiled as a representative of the Nazi racial hygiene , having been, as a legal commentator of the ” Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring “one of the leading figures of the Nazi racial laws.

Arthur Julius Giitt [Gutt](* August 17th 1891 in Michelau, district Rosenberg in West Prussia ; † March 2nd 1949 in Stade ) was a German physician and eugenicist . In the era of National Socialism , he rose within a short time to be an influential medical officer. He is considered the “creator” of the ” Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring , “the legal basis of the Nazi forced sterilization policy .­hibit/online/deadlymedicine/
Exhibit at Harvard University
Nazi Drs in Euthanasia

Adolf Hitler’s euthanasia program experienced its first successful experiment with poison gas on January 4, 1940, after a number of murders by injection. The gassing experiment took place at Brandenburg asylum, not far from Berlin, and was described by Dr. August Becker of the Criminal Technical Institute (KTI) of the German police:

Heinrich Friedrich Karl Bunke (* July 24 1914 in Wohlde, Landkreis Celle, † September 2001 in Celle) was in the National Socialist German Reich during the Nazi “euthanasia” program as a doctor in the Nazi killing centers Brandenburg and Bernburg active.

On 18 May 1987 was sentenced by the district court of Frankfurt am Main for accessory to murder in at least 11,000 cases to four years in prison, the Federal Court on appeal reduced the sentence pronounced on with 14 December 1988 to three years on the grounds that the accessory to murder 9,200 people could be detected for only.[9]

According to a prison term of 18 months Bunke was dismissed.

Kurt Borm (* August 25th 1909 in Berlin, † June 29 2001) was the National Socialist German Reich SS-Captain and as part of T4 as a doctor in the Nazi killing center Sonnenstein in Pirna , as well as employees in the central office-T4 in Berlin.

Hermann Paul Nitzsche (* 25 November 1876 in Colditz; † 25. March 1948 in Dresden (executed)) was a director of the welfare and institutes for care Leipzig Dösen and Pirna Sonnenstein, consultants and medical directors/conductors of the action T4 in National Socialist German.

Kallmeyer, Helmut
Kallmeyer was detectable in early 1942 in Lublin. To a particular contract, he could not remember later. Allegedly, he returned after a week back to Berlin, there should analyze drinking water and, after an illness in the summer of 1942 added to the Criminal Technical Institute. Obtain a letter of 2 Kallmeyer May 1944, in which he ordered on behalf of the Criminal Technical Institute “15 bottles of Kohlenoyd.” [3]

After the war
Kallmeyer in 1946 questioned in connection with the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial as a witness. He denied having been aware of the euthanasia killing anything. His subsequent work at CTI, he played down, and he had never done anything with gas and poison. The couple admitted only what could be the subject of found documents. Even if the investigating authorities gave no credence to the assertions, the couple could not be proven with a participation in the various murders.

After the war Kallmeyer served as senior executive in the State Statistical Office in Kiel and later for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the **United Nations (FAO) in Cuba and Ghana. [4] There he met in 1960, along with Horst Schumann, adopted in regard to their activities the Nazi killing center Sonnenstein was discovered [5].

Dr Erwin Weinmann (1909 – ?, doctor, SS-Oberführer[2]
(born July 6, 1909 in Fromm house group Tübingen; † disappeared in 1945 and declared 1949 for dead) was a German physician

Heinrich Gross (* 14. November 1915 in Wien; † 15. Dezember 2005 in Hollabrunn

Arthur Josef Schreck (* 15. August 1878 in Baden-Baden; † 3. Oktober 1963 in Pfullendorf

Walter Schmidt, (* 9. Juli 1910 in Wiesbaden; † 31. Januar 1970

August Dietrich Allers (* May 17th 1910 in Kiel, † March 22 1975 in Munich) was a Nazi and a leader in the “euthanasia” program (T-4involved).

Georg Martin Waffen SS commander

Dr. Gerhard Kloos

Horst Schumann (* 1. Mai 1906 in Halle an der Saale; † 5. Mai 1983 in Frankfurt am Main) was a Dr at Auschwitz.

Friedrich Tillmann (* August 6 1903 in Cologne-Mülheim, † February 12th 1964 in Cologne

Ernst Heinrichsohn d. 1992, on trial 1980, Eichmann’s man
Johannes Zingler d. 1964
Otto Welke
Friedrich Bremer
Dr. Karl Wienert d 1992

Friedrich Karl Dermietzel (February 7, 1899 in Lunow; † 7 July 1981) was an SS brigade commander, Major General of the Waffen-SS and physician.

Eric Pleasants 1998, UK SS, traitor

Hugo Hubener

Heinrich Barbl was alive in 1965, sobibor. unknown

Robert Juhrs, d. unknown.

Kurt Giese, d 1979, in 1944 the concentration camp Mauthausen and Auschwitz (this on June 28
1944), visited could not remember after the war, that
where prisoners were worked to death and mass-murdered.

In the trial of the Legal Secretary of the
Ministry of Justice Rudolf Marx, Albert was Hupperswiller Others
Giese also been indicted. All defendants were sentence
of the District Court of Wiesbaden, 24 March 1952 acquitted because “the
Evidence (…) does not even indicate a need arise ”
had, “that the defendants knew that governance would
Injury to the inmates. “[1]

Giese worked after the war as a lawyer in Hanover, under
others he has defended the T4 expert, Hans Heinze (below, Sehnmann?).

Otto Heidl (d. 1955). Natzweiler, camp dr. Suicide in prison.

Carl Hans “Heinze” Sennhenn (d, 1983) was a Nazi German psychiatrist and eugenicist.Hans Heinze was tried and found guilty of war crimes and received a prison term of seven years. After his release from prison, he became chief physician for adolescent psychiatry at Wunstdorf State Hospital.

Werner Kirchert (* October 4th 1906 in Halle an der Saale; † unknown) was a German physician, SS Lieutenant Colonel (1942) and senior physician at the inspector of concentration camps. SHOCKING That his fate is unknown!

Richard von Hegener (* September 2 1905 in Sens Castle, East Prussia; † September 18th 1981 in Hamburg)

Hans Hefelmann (* October 4 1906 in Dresden, † April 12th 1986 in Munich) was in the National Socialist German Reich as Head of the Main Office IIb office of the leader of one of the most responsible for organizing and implementing the Nazi “euthanasia” program (Action T4).

Georg Renno (13 January 1907 in Strasbourg; † 4 October 1997) was responsible in 1940 as deputy medical director of the killing center at Hartlepool for the killing of 28,000 people in the Nazi T4 euthanasia program

Reinhold Vorberg (* July 5 1904 in Kiel, † October 2nd 1983 in Bonn) was an official in the office of the leader and responsible for the murders of the sick T4 action.

Franz Josef Huber (* January 22 1902 in Munich, † January 30th 1975
the same place[1]) was head of the Secret State Police and Chief of
Security Police and SD in the Reichsgaue Vienna, Lower Danube and
Upper Danube during the period of National Socialism.

Josef Gorfer
Heinz-Hans Schutt, death unknown

Hermann Michel – Sobibor criminal, no info.
Gerhard Putsch
Herbert Wenzel, Werewolf, never found

Georg Konrad Morgen, SS Judge
Dachau, dead, 1988

Heinz Schubert, d.19 71; 3 years

Hans Ehlich d 1991, freed
Hans Thiel Korner

Heinz Hummitsch, d 1995, not found guilty
Otto Bovensiepen, d. 1979, free for 8 years

Hans Seigling
Conrad Schellong
Richard Schulze-Kossens d 1988

Hermann Schaper d after 2002
(born 12 August 1911 at Straßburg im Elsass, Germany – deceased),
Legal proceedings against him were terminated on 2 September 1965 despite his positive identification.[3][4]
During the subsequent investigation, Count van der Groeben confirmed that it was indeed Hermann Schaper who conducted mass executions of Jews in his district. Schaper’s case was reopened in 1974. In 1976, a German court in Giesen (Hessen) pronounced Schaper guilty of executions of Poles and Jews by the kommando SS Zichenau-Schroettersburg. Schaper was sentenced to six-years imprisonment, but was soon released for medical reasons.[3][4] He was still alive in 2002,[5] but had since died of old age in his nineties. According to statement received by the IPN from German prosecution, the documentation of his trial is no longer available and, it has most likely been destroyed after the case was terminated

Max Rostock, d 1986

Arnold Dohmen
August 2, 1906 in Duisburg, † 1980) was a German internist, bacteriologist and medical officer of the Army Medical Inspectorate, in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp undertook hepatitis experiments on Jewish children. (more in the comments)
Dohmen practiced after the war, as established in the district of Detmold internist. On 27 February 1975 was set brought against him investigation. [1] Dohmen previously denied having been involved in the selection of the children and claimed to have carried out sham trials. This version was the prosecutor responsible for non-refutable. [4]

The fate of the children was in the documentary “Every time was a miracle – The children of Sachsenhausen” trials.
Niels Eugen Haagen (June 17, 1898 in Berlin, † 3 August 1972) was a doctor of German bacteriologist and virologist and professor at the University of Strassburg. He led the Natzweiler-Struthof by, among other typhus experiments prisoners.

This series of experiments, funded by the DFG, were carried out on behalf of the Air Force. [1]
Haagen died in August 1972 in Berlin [3].

** Brigitte Crodel, his assistant-and spouse~

Josef Jahn

Fritz Hippler d 2002, film Eternal Jew

Johann Beck

Hans Bissinger

Hans Bludau

Wilhelm Hermann Pfannenstiel (born June 8, 1886 in Munich, † 10 April 1961) was a German psychiatrist and neurologist at the time of National Socialism and T4 as reviewers and directly involved as perpetrators of crimes euthanasia.

In 1940 he was in Marburg on leave and used as a Hygiene Inspector in Berlin, where his duties included also the inspection of concentration camps in the General Government. In the years 1942 and 1943, he attended the extermination camps of Belzec, where he personally attended in August 1942 the gassing of Jews.

Pfannenstiel was with Kurt Gerstein in Belzec concentration camp in August 1942 during which he witnessed the botched gassing of Jews from Lwów, an episode which Gerstein included in the subsequently named Gerstein Report and which is partly corroborated in the report of Wehrmacht NCO Wilhelm Cornides – source: German wiki.

Gerhard Nauck, no deathdate. b. 1893… german wiki.

in the rank of criminal investigation Director V B 3 (Sittlichkeitsverbrechen) unit in the Division V B within the Office Group V (“crime”). In this capacity, nauck was involved in the persecution of Gypsies “at decisive point”.[7] In December 1943 nauck Institute of the RKPA was appointed Director of the Kriminalbiologischen.
in the rank of criminal investigation Director V B 3 (Sittlichkeitsverbrechen) unit in the Division V B within the Office Group V (“crime”). In this capacity, nauck was involved in the persecution of Gypsies “at decisive point”.[7] In December 1943 nauck Institute of the RKPA was appointed Director of the Kriminalbiologischen.
Ernst Georg Nauck (1897-1963), Acting Head of Tropical Diseases, 1943-47 fur_Tropenmedizin

Friedrich Wilhelm Altena

Valentin Faltlhauser (* 28. November 1876 in Wiesenfelden; † 8. Januar 1961 in München)

Herbert Scholz

Dr. Wilhelm Staudinger

Michael Lippert
He served 1 year, for murdering Ernst Roehm, AFTER the war.
d 1969

Waldemar Fegelein {1912-2000} was a Standartenführer (Colonel) in the
Waffen SS during World War II.

Emanuel Schäfer [Schaefer](April 20, 1900 – December 4, 1974) was an
SS-Oberführer (Senior Colonel) and Reinhard Heydrich’s protegee in
Nazi Germany.(SS) in September 1936. Schäfer took part in the discussion in Berlin
on September 21, 1939, with Heydrich, the bureau chiefs of the RSHA
(Reich Security Main Office), and Adolf Eichmann.[1]

During World War II, Schäfer was head of the Nazi security police in
Serbia. After the war, in Germany, he was sentenced to six and a half
years in prison for having gassed to death 6,280 women and children.
[2] Emanuel Schäfer died in 1974 at age 74.

Freidrich Panzinger, d 1959

Friedrich Tillmann (* 6. August 1903 in Köln-Mülheim; † 12. Februar 1964 in Köln),

Karl-Heinz Bertling , d. 1964.

Wilhelm Fuchs (1 September 1898 in
Mannheim – 24 January 1947 in Belgrade) was a Nazi Einsatzkommando
leader. From April 1941 to January 1942 he commanded Einsatzgruppe
Serbien. From 15 September 1943 through 27 May 1944 he commanded
Einsatzkommando. Date of death: 1947

Friedrich Wilhelm Bock
d. 78

Josef Altstötter (* January 4 1892 in Bad Griesbach, † November 13th
1979 in Nuremberg) was Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Justice.

Bruno Streckenbach
d 1977 also had been released in 1955. They were to try him again in 1973, but trial was dismissed due to “poor health.”
(* 7 February 1902 in Hamburg, † 28 October 1977 ) held the rank of SS-Brigadeführer (Major General), when he was the head of Amt I (Department I): Administration and Personnel of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (Reich Main Security Office or RSHA), but eventually achieved the rank of SS-Gruppenführer (Lieutenant General) both in Allgemeine-SS and Waffen-SS. He was responsible for many thousands of murders committed by Nazi mobile killing squads known as Einsatzgruppen

Walter Blume, d. 1974.
In 1945, Blume was captured in Salzburg, by the Americans and taken to Landsberg prison, was tried for his crimes in the first instance and sentenced to death but the sentence was commuted to 25 years in prison out free in 1955 only 10 years of serving the sentence. Blume said about the reason for his zeal in the Holocaust [3]:

“It was a job for the German soldiers, the elimination of defenseless people, but the Führer had ordered these actions because he was convinced that they (the Jews) would turn against us, and that these executions were entrusted to protect our wives and our children. ”
November 13, 1974, death.

“[google trans: A preliminary Investigation Renewed in an indictment flowed from 30 June 1973, Streckenbach.
Because of murder at least one million humans *** WAS Accused of . Due to the appraisal of the court -medical service Hanseatic , the Hamburg Higher Regional Health Authority Rejected court on 20 September 1974 the opening of the main method.”

Gustav Adolf Scheel
d 1979

Albert Rapp, life in prison in 1965. Date of death, unk.
he directed the deportation of Jews from the Warthegau in the General Government. According to him, were resettled in the November / December 1939 for example 80,000 people. From April 1940, he led the SD section of Munich. Between February 1942 and January 1943, Rapp leader of the Sonderkommando 7a in the use of group B and was head of the mass killing of Jews. Due to an injury Rapp was then Chief of Security Police and Security Service (IDS) in Braunschweig and had to undergo in 1943 an SS-disciplinary process. Trigger for this process were shots, had given the rapper the influence of alcohol, when used in Russia to an SS-type accommodation. Because of the vulnerability of command members Rapp with 14 days curfew was occupied. From October 1944 until the spring of 1945, Rapp was used as a group leader in the main office VI of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA). During the Battle of Berlin, Rapp sat with other staff of the RSHA under the direction of Otto Ohlendorf after Flensburg

Horst Ahnert. born in 1909 – Disappeared in 1945. German official pertaining to the FOLL Nazi, that had participation in the Jewish Holocaust during World War II.

Heinz Rothke, d 1966 ** Involved in Holocaust in France, lived seemingly unperturbed by the law.

Eugen Steimle, d. 1987. Received six years.

Max Simon (6 January 1899 – 1 February 1961) was a German SS-Gruppenführer (lieutenant General) und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS during World War II

Dr Rudolf Brachtel, d 1988, Dachau Dr. Acquitted, probably for ‘lack of evidence.’
Dr Allen Panzinger, d. 1959
Erwin Schulz, d 1981, free since 1954
Bruno Muller, Bruno, d. 1960 *(see most recent page. Same man?)
Walter Haensch,  , unkn after 1955

Gerda Weyand (* 5 November 1912) was a German Gynäkologin and as a KZ-lady doctor in the woman KZ Ravensbrück was used.

On March 9, 1941 Konrad von Preysing, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Berlin, delivered a sermon from the pulpit of St. Hedwig’s Cathedral attacking the Nazi euthanasia program. (Into That Darkness 74-5)

Horst Alberto Carlos Fuldner Brüne (* 16.) December 1910 in Buenos Aires. d. 1992 in Madrid) SS-Hauptsturmführer, NS agent in Argentina and a key figure NS border crossing was Argentine German. [1]­s/worldnews/europe/germany/697­3460/Recording-of-Nazi-officer­s-who-found-Hitlers-body-relea­sed.html

Ludwig Freude, Nazi financier, Argentina. d, 1950’s.
not on wiki de:
Ernst Goppert
Eduard Jacobshagen


Adolf Dabelow, Prof anatomy Univ of Munich, d 1984
Helmut Becher
Alfred Berminghoff

Eugen Fischer, d. 1967
Decisive, however, was the publication of the plan of human heredity and eugenics, in later editions (to 1936) human heredity and eugenics, which he together with Erwin Baur and Fritz Lenz had written. Also, by the 1960s it was – more common among the short title “Baur-Fischer-Lenz” – the standard work in anthropology, binding on the administration at the universities. Fischer was the immediate forerunner of the Nazi racial theories. Succeeded by Von Verschuer.

Richard Kuhn, director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research.
d 1967
1943, since he at the nerve-gas research involved, and invented the poison gas soman.[1] He was the human experiments of the Nazis and informed wrote on 10 December 1943 an opinion on an alleged tuberculosis-cure: “There are already human trials of a lung sanatorium near Darmstadt in attack was taken. “[1] On 27 January 1944, he was one of the participants in the mycelium meeting in armaments ministry, which was reported on the tests, concentration campinmates cellulose waste product to feed to it. Furthermore, he also wrote a report.[1] That same year, he was scientific adviser Karl Brandt, the General Commissioner for the medical and health care.[1] google trans, wiki de.

Gerhard Bohne (* 1. Juli 1902 in Braunschweig; † 8. Juli 1981)
JD, responsible for euthanasia laws

Ernst Rudolf Huber
JD, rehabilitated after 1956. Worked with Carl Schmitt.

Dr Peter Muhlens
death 1943
“These patients were those selected in the context of antimalarial treatment infected with malaria. It was hoped that through the healing effects caused by the malaria fever. In these infected patients could now be tested against the malaria agent. This procedure was risky, since the malaria-induced fevers ran some fatal. Initially, patients and family members have informed consent and obtained it, a practice that was abandoned after up to 1925 and after.[2] In the era of National Socialism was Mühlens this practice continued under and extended. As Long Horn were also other patients from the psychiatric hospital infected with malaria and attempts made. Problems for the scientists of the Tropical Institute appeared only as 1941 in the framework of the Action T4 by you as “guinea pigs” abused patients were killed prematurely.

During the war in 1939 at the Institute for marine and tropical diseases, a typhus research station established. This initiative aimed to Mühlens an outpost in occupied Warsaw one. Institute staff were there partly responsible for the establishment of the Warsaw ghetto. In November 1941, broke out among forced laborers in the port of Hamburg from typhus. Then came the majority of Warsaw’s employees returned to Hamburg. Mühlens was in this context as “agents of the Reich Governor (Karl Kaufmannfor disease control “with far-reaching powers in Hamburg appointed). Was then in Hamburg typhus research intensified. Once in December 1941 in Neuengamme a typhus epidemic broke out, Mühlens requested in January 1942 by letter for Heinrich Himmlerfor research on drugs for human typhus experiments on prisoners in Neuengamme perform. The request was granted and doctors of the Tropical Institute conducted experiments on prisoners in Neuengamme and later at prisoners who had been transferred to Long Horn by.”


William Witteler (born April 20, 1909 in Steele, now Essen. Presumed dead.) was SS Major leaders and German physician and medical officer in the concentration camp Dachau. Witteler as war criminals in the Dachau trials was sentenced to death, later pardoned and released early in 1954.

He was a member of the Waffen-SS to the SS Death’s Head units. 1939 to 1940 he was an SS doctor in the Sachsenhausen concentration camp. From 1940 to 1943 he served as regimental surgeon in the 3rd SS-Panzer-Division Totenkopf, inter alia, on the eastern front in use. Between 1 January 1944 and 20 August 1944 Witteler first was camp doctor in the concentration camp Dachau. In this concentration camp, he had been working as a doctor in 1938. According to his own later testimony [2] Witteler was involved in the *selection of prisoners who have malaria during the trials of Claus Schilling infected deliberately. Prisoners whose death was foreseeable as a result of the experiments were transferred to the hospital, led by Witteler. After the death of these prisoners Witteler signed the death certificate, which contained no evidence of malaria infection. As a camp doctor at the hospital was Witteler with 1500-1700 detainees reportedly died a month Wittelers 60-80 prisoners. [3] In August 1944, came back Witteler for combat.

Witteler on 13 December 1945 as well as 35 co-defendants sentenced to death. In his case, the court saw Witteler’s participation in two executions as individual Exzesstat to be proven [5]. Witteler had noted the death of the executed. He also was the first medical officer responsible for the hygiene and disease prevention of the prisoners.
In the appeal the sentence was later reduced to twenty years imprisonment. In a review report of March 1946, it was said, referring to Witteler’s role in the malaria experiments that he was guilty as a joint project of a crime [7]. . . After his release from prison for war criminals in Landsberg (Lech) on 13 March 1954 Witteler went went back to Essen-Steele.

W­ilhelm Zander d. 1974­article.cgi?file=/chronicle/ar­chive/2003/11/09/ING9C2QSKB1.D­TL
article claims US funded Eugenics

More Nazis, III: Updated with new names; ratlines

SS members who testified that they witnessed the usage of the gas chambers
Many names of Nazis who escaped Justice.


Kurt Asch (Asche?) (* 11. Oktober 1909 in Hamburg; † 1998) Holocaust in Belgium. 7 years imprisonment in 1981, hence free for 8 or 9 years.

Ernst Achenbach (* April 9 1909 in Siegen , † December 2 1991 in Essen ) was a German lawyer and politician ( FDP ).

Dr August Heinrich Bender (* March 2nd 1909 in Kreuzau, † December 29th 2005 in Düren) was SS Major leaders and German camp doctor in the concentration camp Buchenwald.

Otto Barnewald (* January 10th 1896 in Leipzig, † March 14 1973 in Rheinhausen) was a German SS Major leaders and administrative leaders as head of site management of various concentration camps.freed 1954.

Emil Berndorff (* 1. Dezember 1892 in Berlin; † nach 1968)

Lothar Beutel (* 6. Mai 1902 in Leipzig; † 16. Mai 1986 in Berlin-Steglitz) was a German apothecary.

Dr Gerhard Bohne (* July 1st 1902 in Braunschweig ; † July 8 1981 )

Fritz Braune (* 18. Juli 1910 bei Mehrstedt; † nach 1973) Einsatzgruppen

Chief of the Archives of the Party; Divisional Head in the Reichsstudentenfuehrung.

Burmeister, Karl d. 1976

Herbert Eduard Ludwig Karl Hermann Ottomar Edler von Daniels (* 31. März 1895 in Arolsen[1] oder Gotha[2]; † 21. Dezember 1965 in Gütersloh) war ein deutscher Sport- und SS-Funktionär

Paul Dittel, (* January 14 1907 in Mittweida, † 1976?), was the National Socialist German Reich SS Lieutenant Colonel and head of the Office from 1943 VII (SD-abroad) of the Reich Security Main Office.

DORSCH, FRANZ Xaver d 1986
Ministerialdirektor in Reich Ministry for Armaments and War Production; Head of Field Command in Organization Todt.

Ernst Boje Ehlers (* 16. Oktober 1909 bei Pinneberg; † 4. Oktober 1980)

Staatssekretaer and head of Tourists Division in Reich Propaganda Ministry; Praesident of “Reich Group Tourist Traffic” (Fremdenverkehr); Vice-President of the Reichstag; State Minister (retd).

Reichsleiter; Chief of the Party Department for Municipal Policy; SS-Obergruppenfuehrer; Chairman of the Congress of German Municipalities; Oberbuergermeister Muenchen; Member of the Academy for German Law.

Head of Home Press Division in the Reich Propaganda Ministry; Head of office for “German Press” in the Press Department of the Government; Head of Political Press section with Reichspressechef (RL).

Head of Culture and Exhibitions sections in Reich Propaganda Department of RL.

Ulrich Fleischhauer (1876, Thamsbrück, now part of Bad Langensalza, Germany – 1960) was a leading antisemitic publisher of books and news articles reporting on an alleged Judeo-Masonic conspiracy theory and supposed “nefarious plots” by clandestine Jewish interests to dominate the world.

Despite these exertions, on 19 May 1935, the [Swiss] court declared The Protocols to be forgeries, plagiarisms, and obscene literature.

Gauleiter, Reichsstatthalter and Reichsverteidigungskommissar Danzig-Westpreussen.

Frank, Karl d 74

Karl Hass, (born October 5, 1912 in Elmschenhagen, now part of Kiel, † 21 April 2004 in Castel Gandolfo) was a convicted German war criminal.

HAENEL, ?? may be SS-Staf Josef Spacil
Head of Amt II, Reich Main Security Office; SS- Obersturmbannfuehrer.

Rudolf Hotzel (* 14. Mai 1909 in Vitzeroda; † 24. März 1981 in Bad Hersfeld) war Mitarbeiter im Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) und Führer eines Sonderkommandos der Einsatzgruppe B.

Heinz Hummitzsch (* 16. Februar 1910 in Herzberg (Elster); † August 1975

Head of SS Operational Main Office and Command of the Combat SS; Permanent Deputy to Himmler as Commander of the Replacement Army; SS-Obergruppenfuehrer; General d. Waffen- SS.

JUETTNER, MAX d 63. SA man, not necessarily guilty.
Chief of SA Command and Permanent Deputy of the Chief of Staff; Chief of Mounted SA; SA-Obergruppenfuehrer;

Karl Kaufmann (* 10. Oktober 1900 in Krefeld; † 4. Dezember 1969 in Hamburg) Hamburg

KITZINGER, KARL d 62 Very guilty!! Ukraine. ***
General der Flieger.

Ministerpraesident, Minister of the Interior, of Finance and of Education, in Braunschweig; SS-Obergruppenfuehrer. ‘

The Federal Court lifted that decision but in 1952 again. In a second trial, was found in the Klagges that he was involved in killings, torture, imprisonment, etc., or those acts (with) planned Klagges’ imprisonment to 15 years was reduced.

In his defense argued Klagges that he knew nothing of all this, as it only operates from the desk had, he had been deceived by his subordinates about the real dimensions of the Nazi terror. Released, 1957,

Ministerialdirektor; Staatssekretaer and Expert for Government Affairs in Party Chancery; Oberdienstleiter; SS- Gruppenfuehrer. Wannsee Conference. “He had always assumed that the Jews should be just “relocated”.”Released 1949.

KOCH, ERICH d. 1986 *** Holocaust
Oberpraesident and Gauleiter of Ostpreussen; Reich Defense Commissioner for Wehrkreis I; SS-Gruppenfuehrer; Reich Commissioner of Ukraine, Bialystak. Died in a Polish Prison in misery!!

Commander-in-Chief of the NSKK; Inspector for Motor Training in the Volkssturm; Member of the Reichstag; Plenipotentiary for Motor Transport in War Industry (under the Four Year Plan).

KRUPP von BOHLEN und HALBACH, ALFRED . 1967. supporter of Nazi party
President of Friedrich Krupp Company, took over sole ownership in 1943; Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Reichsvereinigung Eisen; joined NSDAP in 1936.

LAMMERS, DR. HANS HEINRICH d.62, freed, 1951
Reichsminister; Chief of the Reich Chancery; SS- Obergruppenfuehrer; Member of and Secretary to the Secret Cabinet and the Ministerrat fuer die Reichsverteidigung; Preussischer Staatsrat; member of the Academy of German Law.

Commissioner for Currency, Banking, Insurance in Reich Ministry of Economics; Vice-President of Reichsbank; Deputy President of Deutsche Gold-Discount Bank; NSFK- Brigadefuehrer.

Generaloberst; C.-in-C. Denmark beginning of 1945.

President of the Reich Chamber of Commerce; Stattsrat; Chairman Board of Directors, Atlas Werke AG. and Norddeutscher Lloyd.

LOHSE, HINRICH d 64 XXX ,major Nazi, freed 1951
Gauleiter, Oberpraesident, and Reich Defense Commissioner Schleswig-Holstein; Reich Commissioner “Ostland”; SA- Obergruppenfuehrer; President of the Nordic. This nazi was very responsible for the Holocaust in the Baltics.

Erich Lutter (* 19. August 1884; † nach 1973[1])

MACKENSEN, EBERHARD von d. 69,freed 1952; ordered Killings in Italy

Hans von Mackensen , d. 1947

MEYSSNER, AUGUST (45) [August Meissner]
Hoeherer SS and Polizeifuehrer Serbia; SS- Obergruppenfuehrer; Generalleutnant der Polizei; member of People’s Tribunal.
Executed by Yugoslavs (1945).

Hermann Michel, sometimes referred to as “Preacher” (born April 23, 1912), was a Nazi and SS-Oberscharführer (Staff Sergeant). Escaped (?) unknown. Sobibor

Hans Moser (* November 20 1907) was a German SS officer and chief officer in the SS Economic and Administration Main Office (WVHA).
No info on what became of him.

Svend Noldan (* April 25th 1893 in Bad Nauheim as Heinrich August Noldan ; † May 1 1978 in Darmstadt )

Rudolf Oebsger-Roeder (born March 9, 1912 in Leipzig, † 1992 in Munich) was in the National Socialist German Reich SS Lieutenant Colonel, leader of the task force

PFEIFFER, HANS (Heinrich?) . 1950’s d.
Personal Adjutant to the Fuehrer; SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer.

Friedrich Pradel, (* 16. April 1901 in Berlin, † ?)

Friedrich Rainer (* 28. Juli 1903 in Sankt Veit an der Glan; † 19. Juli 1947 in Ljubljana[1]

REINECKE, HERMANN d.73 *(released 1954, crimes against Allied POWs).General der Infanterie; Chief of the General Department of OKW(Allgemeines Wehrmachtamt); Chief of the NS Political Guidance Staff OKW; honorary member of the Special Senate of the People’s

REINHARDT, FRITZ d. 69. Accountant, stolen wealth dept.
Staatssekretaer and head of Abteilung V, Reich Minister of Finance, Berlin; expert on Labor Problems, Finance and Taxation in the Party Chancery; SA Obergruppenfuehrer; Member of Reichstag; Hauptdienst-leiter of Party.

Head of Food and Agriculture Division, Reich Ministry of Occupied Eastern Territories; Staatssekretaer in Reich Ministry of Food and Agriculture; SA-Gruppenfuehrer.

Heinz Rennau ??

William Spencer (* March 19 1907 in Bühl on Alpsee; † April 1 1961 in Oldenburg) was SS colonel, head of departments’ press and literature “and” cultural life “of the Security Service, head of Department III C (Culture) of the Reich Security Main Office and editor of the Stalling-Verlag Oldenburg in 1951 and board member of the nursing assistance as a charity for war criminals condemned Nazis.

Hans Roessner (* July 5 1910 in Dresden, † June 22 1997 in Munich) was a German Germanic, in the “Third Reich”SS Lieutenant Colonel and head of Division III C 3 (Popular Culture and the Arts) in the Reich Security Main Office, lecturer at the Stalling Verlag Oldenburg, editor at Insel Verlag and director of Piper Verlag in Munich.

Georg Schraepel (* 26. Juni 1898 in Braunschweig; † 4. Januar 1969 in Bad Sachsa) war deutscher Jurist, SS-Standartenführer und Chef des Personalamtes im Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA)

Baron Bruno von Schroeder (banker) d. 1940 * Obscure German who helped Hitler come to power

Baron Kurt von Schroeder (often simply referred to in the literature of the Third Reich as Kurt von Schroeder) was a banker in Cologne, Germany who sympathized with the Nazi Party (NSDAP) and who hosted a notorious meeting between Franz von Papen and Hitler that facilitated Hitler’s assumption of the Chancellorship. d . 1966
*Von Schroeder, Kurt Freiherr

SCHULZ, ERWIN, Holocaust. released, 1954.
Head of Amt I (Personnel) of Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt); SS-Brigadefuehrer.

Ernst Heinrich Schmidt (born March 27, 1912 in Altenburg, † 28 November 2000 in Celle) was a German SS-Captain and used as a camp doctor in concentration camps.

Schmidt, who earned his doctorate at the University of Leipzig in 1937 as Doctor of Medicine, was a member of the NSDAP (Membership 555 294) and SS (Membership 23 069). After the outbreak of the Second World War, Schmidt was first used in a military hospital of the Waffen SS [1].

Schmidt was in 1941 in the Buchenwald concentration camp doctor and was moved from there in June 1942 in the concentration camp at Majdanek. In October 1943, Schmidt first camp doctor in the Gross-Rosen concentration camp and was moved from September 1944 to the Dachau concentration camp. Between March 1945 and early April 1945, Schmidt served as camp doctor in the outside storage of Boelkekaserne Mittelbau in Nordhausen. [2] In the course of the evacuation of the Mittelbau Schmidt concluded on 8 or 9 April in the concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen on 14 was taken April by members of the British Army. Schmidt said as Alfred Kurzke as a witness in the Bergen-Belsen process on 25 From October 1945. At that time he was a senior doctor in the DP camp at Bergen-Belsen. [1]

He was later arrested and in Nordhausen main process in the Dachau processes of 7 August 1947 to 30 December 1947 took place, charged and acquitted. [3]

After a re-arrest, he was on 26 November 1975 by the Landgericht Dusseldorf in the so-called Majdanek process as joint accessory to murder at least eight detainees charged for participating in selections for the gas chamber. For lack of evidence was Schmidt who was wanted for murder in Poland, on 20 Acquitted in March 1979 and on 19 April 1979 was released from prison [4].

Albert Fredrich Schwartz (* May 11th 1905 in Schwarzenau, (West Prussia); † July 5 1984 in Ahrensbök) was SS Captain and Head of Site Management of the Stutthof concentration camp and employment administrator in the Buchenwald concentration used.Free after 1954

Walter Schmidt, (* July 9 1910 in Wiesbaden, † January 31 1970 ibid) was in the National Socialist German Reich SS lieutenant and a senior physician in the state mental hospital Eichberg in the T4 and the children’s “euthanasia”in the killing of mentally ill and disabled children involved. Freed after 1954.

The head nurse Helene Schürg was killing 30-50 children.

Josef Spacil, (* 3. Januar 1907 in München; † 13. Februar 1967

STOEHR, WILHELM, SA Brigadefuehrer ??
Reichsstatthalter and Gauleiter, Westmark.

Generaloberst; G. in C. of Army Group “H” on Western Front.

Generaloberst; C.-in-C, of Air Fleet “Reich”; member of the People’s Tribunal.

Ernst Turowski, (* October 7 1906 in Sawadden (East Prussia); † October 20th 1986 in Bad Münstereifel) was a German SS colonel and head of Division III C 1 (Science) of the Reich Security Main Office.

Edmund Trinkl (* 15. Mai 1891 in Offendorf; † nach 1970)

Reichsstatthalter, Reichsverteidigungskommissar and Gauleiter of Steiermark; also, included in “Yugoslavia II”.

UTIKAL, Werner d 1982
Staff Official in Rosenberg’s Ministry for Occupied Eastern Territories, Chief of Staff of “Einsatzstab

Dr. Erich Wagner, suicide. Tattoo collector.

Dr. Eugene Richard Wagner, d.1977 (see under, Nazi Drs., Richard Wagner)
Jurgen Wagner, d. 1947

General; Deputy Chief of Operations Staff of OKW.

German Consul General in Tientsin and San Francisco; formerly Adjutant to Hitler.

Fritz Wiedemann the last two decades of his life as a farmer back into private life. If questioned, he said on 9 June 1961 to the murders of T4 from hospital, that this was a well-known projects of Hitler:

“I can certainly say that I have gained time, before I left San Francisco, note of the intention of Hitler, in case of war incurably ill – to destroy – not only incurable mental patients. His motive was stated that it was unnecessary eaters.”
May not have been a war criminal, but certainly had some degree of culpability.
Manager of the Party Chancellery. [info strangely missing on this Nazi higher up!]


Andreas Biederbick (March 12, 1909 in Neuss) was a German SS officer and police officer.

Friedrich Karl Vialon
Fritz Grobba d 73
Karl Blessing (Bankier) d 71
Wilhelm Vocke d 73
Heinrich Schict ??

Kurt Eccarius
W. Germany let him go after two years! 1971. B. 1905, presumed dead.
This murderer shot thousands in the neck.

Emil Otto Paul von Rintelen (* 10 January 1897 in Stettin; † 24 June 1981 in Duesseldorf) was a German diplomat and Ambassador.

Emil Bonner (December 25, 1901 in König, † 12 April 1981 in Werne) . This criminal escaped Justice. He was instrumental in the Holocaust in Latvia, and was also in Serbia in 1943. Also included in “Yugoslavia, II.”

Alois Hudel, Bishop. He sought a symbiosis between Catholicism and Nazism, which he also clearly in his major work The Foundations of National Socialism “(1936) expressed. The book, which contained a dedication to Adolf Hitler to the leader of the German survey [and] Siegfried German hope and size [1], has earned him a reputation as a “court theologians of the Nazis”. Hudal advocated this as the National Socialism, if it does not try to take the place of Christianity and also as dogmatic metaphysics, that is a substitute for religion, acting. Most important ideological staple of Hudal was Christianity with National Socialism and remained the radical anti-Bolshevism.

Hudal work was received from both the Catholic Church and by the National Socialists critical. For his work, he was praised by Hitler explicitly, it is claimed, he should the Golden Medal of the NSDAP received, but there is no evidence for it [2].

After the war he was promoted to the smugglers who saw this action as a “charitable act of love.” In March 1948 he produced a leaflet for immigrants with important tips and assistance to the Catholic Church. Hudal commonly presented on the basis of Nazi crimes are persecuted so as if they were political refugees who “often personally blameless, only the executive organs of the orders were from higher authorities and so they sacrifice for great failures of the system”. In addition Hudal repeatedly emphasized the benefits of the SS men as an experienced fighter against the “anti-Christian Bolshevism.”

The rat line as the famous escape route to South America and the Middle East was led by Hudal with Krunoslav Draganovic (d. 19__). Support they received from the Red Cross and Caritas, as well as Giuseppe Siri (d. 19__), archbishop of Genoa. In addition Hudal also worked closely with the German association of supporters by using Elisabeth Helene Prinzessin von Isenburg, both by representatives of the Protestant Church (Bishop Theophil Wurm), and of the Catholic (Auxiliary Bishop John Neuhäusler) Church was supported.

Published in the Buenos Aires German emigrants journal The way in which many had fled Nazi perpetrators (Johann von Leers (dead), Gerhard Bohne were active, he wrote encouraging articles.

more names associated with ‘rat lines.’ Source:

Dr Walther Schieber, IG Farben. Went to the US?
(* September 13 1896 in Beimerstetten in Ulm, † June 29th 1960 Würzbach or Mosbach ), was a chemist and graduated as doctor of engineering. . He was in the National Socialist German Reich SS brigade leader , NSDAP- Gau economic advisers , State of Thuringia, head of the arms delivery office in the Reich Ministry for Armament and War Production , and later until his dismissal of deputy Albert Speer in his defense ministry.

US General Smedley Butler outed the Nazi Wall St ties.

General Wilhelm Von Faupel (d. 1946?), managed the shipment of Nazi gold from Sp to Arg.
with help of Cpt Dietrich Niebuhr (d. 1964) and Gottfried Sandstede [executed by Gestapo], Chief of Gestapo in Argentina.

UBoats were used.

Ricardo von Leute, Bank director
Dr Heinrich Dorge
Hermann Schmitz, IGF ‘s President
had helped AH come to power (d. 1960)
Fritz Mandl (Friedrich Mandl? d. 1977)

hid in Argentina:
Prince Max von Hohenlohe Langenburg (d. 1968), had ties to Hohn and Himmler. Allegedly sought peace deals between the UK And Nazi Germany.

Reinhard Spitzy (b. 1912 -?)
Spitzy: Some people did it by order. I had a friend who had to participate. He refused, and he went to the front — immediately. That was always a way out. So there is no excuse today that they say that we had to do it by order. They could have gone to the front as a decent soldier and do[ne] their duty.

Carl Langbehn, d. 1944 ?

Walter Schellenberg d. 1952, Gestapo

Die Spinne: (the spider)
Skorzeny, Otto (dead)
Helmut Beck (?d 2000)
SS Cpt Franz Rostel d 1974
Hermann Lauterbacher, d. 1988
Rudel, Hans Ulrich, pilot. dead.
*Franz Spogler, may still be alive. born 1927.

Werner Naumann, d. 1982
The network to Naumann included numerous former Nazi functionaries, such as the former head of the radio department in the Reich Propaganda Ministry, Hans Fritzsche (d 1953), the former head of the Office of Anti-Comintern , Eberhard Taubert (d. 1976), SS-Colonel Group leader Paul Hausser (1972), former HJ -field leader Horst Huisgen (??), temporary state manager the FDP, the former Head of Radio in the Propaganda Ministry, Wolfgang Diewerge (see below) and Ernst Achenbach (d. 1991) , the Attaché of the Embassy in Paris in the implementation of the deportation of Jews involved than was.

” Jorge Camarasa: “Los Nazis en la Argentina”, Editorial Legasa, Buenos Aires, ISBN 950-600-175-8, p.97 and 130., and Naumann is the highest ranking person in the Nazi hierarchy known to have come to Argentina immediately postwar. The manner in which he entered Argentina is not known. ”

Taubert, more: After 1957 he worked in South America, Iran, Lebanon, Egypt and South Africa and as the counsel of the German minister Franz Josef Strauss (dead). From 1970 he was employed by German industrialists.

His rhetorical ability made him the talented and wanted propagandist he was, not only during the NS-regime. His agitative style used in the Nazi propaganda was reused after the war to boost the Western fear of communism. For this mission he worked with secret services (for example CIC) and right-wing politicians and journals.

Gestapo Chief Heinrich Mueller went to Peru, acc. to this page

Emil Bernsdorff (* December 1st 1892 in Berlin , † after 1968 ) Gestapo, also went free

Dr. Heinrich Willermann, Dachau, escaped to Egypt

The “Nazi menace” in Argentina, 1931-1947 By Ronald C. Newton

Wolfgang Diewerge (* January 12 1906 in Stettin , † December 4 1977 in Essen ) was a Nazi propagandist in Joseph Goebbels ‘ Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda

Hugo Hermann Stinnes, aka Stinnes, Jr.
d. 1982 He attended the secret meeting of 20 February 1933 in part, in which the industry with a campaign fund of 3 million marks for the Nazi Party decided

Dr. Karl Ritter (born June 5, 1883 in Dörflas, † 31 July 1968 in Murnau) was a German diplomat, Ambassador to Brazil, a member of the Nazi Party, Special Representative of the Munich Agreement, a senior official in the Foreign Office during World War II, and convicted war criminal in the Wilhelmstrasse process.

Ritter studied law and graduated 1905th From 1907, he initially joined in the Bavarian civil service, then moved in 1911 in the Colonial Service in 1918 in the Reich Economics Office and was finally in 1922 the Federal Foreign Office (AA) Head of Department for Economic and reparations, last of the Economic Policy Department.

From 1937 to 1938 he was an envoy and then ambassador in Rio de Janeiro, where he was due to its exposure to the Brazilian government to ban the anti-Nazi propaganda in the country, was declared persona non grata. [1] During his stay in Brazil he had been forced to party, joined the NSDAP (Judgement, p. 158). [2] [3]. 1938 Ritter Chairman of the Subcommittee B of the International Commission for the transfer of the Sudeten German territory in the negotiations for the Munich Agreement [4].

With the outbreak of war Ritter entrusted with the management of all related tasks in the economic war and AA until 1945 with the rank of ambassador zbV [5] liaison between AA (Ribbentrop) and High Command of the Wehrmacht (OKW). He was represented in the office by Karl Schnurre that the economic policy of the German-Soviet negotiations in 1939 edited, which subsequently led to the non-aggression pact. An employee Ritter AA was Fritz Kolbe, who smuggled from 1943 documents from the correspondence of the AA with the OKW to Switzerland to Allen Welsh Dulles.

Axel De Vries d. 1977.

was heard in the early 1960s in the wake of investigations into Nazi crimes. He stated that in the execution of Jews by Belarusian police forces to have been present. His request, not the execution carried out cruel, was not complied with, de Vries. [8] De Vries’s account contradicts written by him “proposals [n] to combat the guerrilla threat” that between December 1941 and March 1942 emerged. The text referred to de Vries the Jews as the “mortal enemy of us. Of a settlement with them can be no question. They must be destroyed because the P. [artisans] mischief else can last for years “[9] De Vries proposing a considerable use of local or Baltic police formations, which were by the prospect of booty and motivated anti-Semitism”. There is a need In my experience, usually no commands, but only one of laissez-faire. “[9] He also argued that, all former members and candidates of the Communist Party and” kill the communist village intelligence, such as teachers, etc. “[9] . De Vries’s proposals were passed by his superiors Wagner to the commander of the army rear area center, General Max von Schenkendorff (dead). After a lecture de Vries, Schenckendorff at an appropriate service statement was issued.

Horst Wagner, d 77 fled to S. America

After he returned in 1952 under an assumed name as a correspondent for Argentine newspapers in Europe, established in 1958 after his unmasking, the prosecutor brought food and finally in 1967 the District Court of Essen charges of accessory to murder of 356 624 Jews – according to the news magazine Der Spiegel, 9 October 1972
More and more sick leave – confirmed by other reports of the Hamburg psychiatrist Hans Bürger-Prinz – protracted proceedings and because of unfitness of the defendant was temporarily suspended the criminal proceedings in 1974 before it finally on to Wagner’s Death 13 March 1977 was his end.

Vladimir Kosak (Koshak), Croatian Finance Minister, executed 1947
Dr Robert Ritter, d. 1951
Eberhard von Thadden d.1964
Harald Leithe-Jasper, d. 1977, Mali

Adolf Mahr, d.1951
In this place he was at the “anti-Jewish campaign overseas” of AA, a conference on 3 and 4 April 1944, as a consultant involved. By 1944 he was promoted to director of Ru-9, with responsibility for political broadcasts and anti-Semitic propaganda in the English-speaking countries.

Heinz Ballensiefen, unknown

Konsul in Italien
Hans-Otto Meissner (* 4. Juni 1909 in Straßburg; † 8. September 1992 )

Meissner was on 8 December under the name of a line, the consul of the German General Consulate in Milan transfer, which he led until 1945. In this capacity, he participated in the meeting of the foreign anti-Jewish campaign in part Horst Wagner (NS-diplomat; see above) in early April 1944 in Karpacz for the purpose of the intensified persecution of Jews throughout Europe. In May 1945, Meissner, two weeks after the war, was arrested along with his consulate staff of American troops at Bellagio and No. 334 in the prison camp at Scandicci interned. After a few weeks in this camp, where living conditions were difficult, he and his fellow prisoners were moved into a comfortable camp in a hotel in the seaside resort of Salsomaggiore. Meissner even said later that probably a correspondence request for assistance on his part, Pope Pius XII. – since his days as nuncio in Berlin in the 1920s, a close friend of the family Meissner – had led to this improvement in the situation [2.

Hans Hagemeyer, d. 1993

Heinrich Hartle, d. 1986
Edmund von Thermann, d. 1951

1937 Eugenio Pacelli visited the International Eucharistic Congress in Buenos Aires. He invited von Thermann and his wife to engage in social tasks and to drive on Germany conversation. As Thermann learned that Pacelli was flying like he asked him for the rest of his stay in Argentina an aircraft available. Pacelli and Santiago Luis Copello made a round trip and were regular guests at the Embassy of the German Reich [6].

Ricardo Staudt d 1960
of the financially strongest German-speaking entrepreneurs in Argentina. More financially strong German-speaking entrepreneurs in Argentina at that time were Ludwig Freude and Fritz Mandl . By 1941 Richard Staudt was Deputy Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Siemens Schuckertwerke. Richard Staudt distanced himself during the Second World War by the Nazi Party. [4] To the agreements of Chapultepeque and the Inter-American Defense Board meet to set up the government of Edelmiro Julián Farrell mid-1945, a supervisory board under the decreed end, it was To follow the agents of the Nazi Party and to liquidate the assets of companies from the Axis powers. The Secretary General of the supervisory board, Dr. Carlos A. Adrogue, resigned on the grounds that the foreign minister Juan Isaac Cooke (1895-1957) and other senior officials would have to create a distributor of Nazis to prevent. Adrogue said Cooke would have the oversight board, the companies of the Nazi agents Ricardo Staudt prevented with an estimated value of $ 24 million to liquidate. The daily newspaper La Vanguardia in Buenos Aires asked if this preference on the part of Cooke’s is due to the fact that Staudt is the main financier of the election campaign of Juan Perón? [5] Ricardo Staudt died when he was hit by a car whose driver committed a hit and run driver.

Helmut Stellrecht d 1987
Helmuth von Hummel, Hitler’s banker
Gerhardt Westrick
Kurt Heinrich Rieth, b. 1881

In March 1941 Rieth landed from Rome arriving in Rio de Janeiro in May 1941 and flew further into the southern United States. In New York City Rieth was negotiating with the Chairman of the Standard Oil Company Walter C. Teagle. After a suggestion by William Samuel Clouston Stanger Rieth early June 1941 by the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement at Ellis Island was interned and deported.

Jonathan Steinberg in his book All or Nothing, which documents Italian resistance to the Final Solution.
also see page: ODESSA

More, Nazis and their post-war careers.


I split up the page on “Ian Kershaw ‘s Hitler” and the Wannsee Conference, because it was too long. So I’ve added this older material and newer material to this post.
Gerhard Von Mende
d. 1963

Gottfried Sandstede, civil attaché of the German Embassy who would later be eliminated by Gestapo for his actions.

Erhard Wetzel, the literature also erroneously Ernst Wetzel and Alfred Wetzel called (* July 7 1903 in Stettin , † December 24th 1975 ) . Wrote about the Euthanasia (T-4) program.

Kröger, Erhard (Gerhard) Dr
presumed dead
Baltic German. Born in Line (?), Russia on 24 March 1905. Studied law at the Universities of Tübingen and Königsberg. Became a lawyer.
Entered the SS in October 1938. Active in the Nazi youth movement in Latvia, repatriated to the Reich in 1939. Joined the NSDAP on 1 August 1940. Became a SD-official.

From June to November 1941 commanded Einsatzkommando 6 of Einsatzgruppe C. Was decorated with the Iron Cross while commander of the Einsatzkommando. SS-Oberführer. Head of Sonderkommando Ost which was set up by the SD. In 1943 was enlisted in Division SS “Hohenstaufen”. Also Head of the Russian desk in Leitstelle Ost under Arlt from July 1944. In charge of one of the worst Einsatzkommandos in Italy.

After the war succeeded in avoiding justice. Demanded extradited by Italy in 1963. Tried in 1969 and sentenceed to 3 years of prison.

List of officials of the Final Solution:

more Nazis:

Helmut Friedrichs, Deputy head of the Reichs Chancellory ;established himself in Duesseldorf, where it worked starting from 1953 as independent architect and author and died in the year 1987. He served a few years in prison.

Willem Sassen (born April 16, 1918 in Geertruidenberg, † 2001 in Chile) was a Dutch National Socialist and SS. He was in the late 1950s known as an interviewer of Adolf Eichmann, one of the most responsible for the genocide known as the Holocaust of approximately six million European Jews.

Journalist Willem Sassen volunteered for the fascist ‘Dutch Legion’, the men were placed under the command of Dutch officers in the Waffen-SS in separate units. He was a war correspondent in SS Panzer troops, after being wounded, he joined the radio station “Voice of the SS” in Belgium and the Netherlands. In October 1944, Sassen Editor in Chief of the newspaper De Telegraaf (De Courant Nieuws van de Dag) was. He was promoted to SS lieutenant.

After the war he was interned, was able to escape, went to Antwerp and obtained the papers of Albert Desmedt from a fallen victim to the destruction of family. When his disguise as a “surviving Jew” noticed he was deported to the Netherlands, was able to flee again. His old friend Anthony Mertens (editor of the weekly paper De line) gave him contact with the “Catholics-round” clerical fanatical Nazis. From this circle, he received new false documents with which he was able to embark in September 1948, Dublin to Argentina on the so-called rat line.

In the 1970s, Sassen married for the third time, and although Els Delbaere, he worked as a PR consultant for the Chilean dictator Pinochet and the dictator of Paraguay Alfredo Stroessner.

In Argentina – vanishing point of many former Nazis – he quickly found access, and met Adolf Eichmann, with whom he discussed a book project about the activities of the RSHA. In this context, it was over four years to the two regular meetings, usually twice a month, so for about 40 to 50 calls. Sassen kept both tapes and transcripts of these discussions, as corrected transcripts of Eichmann. After the kidnapping of Eichmann to Israel succeeded Sassen, make the material into money through part-impressions in the magazines Time / Life (USA) and Stern (Germany). Sassen 1980 gave the tapes and transcripts of Eichmann’s widow, Vera.

Kurt Becher
d. 1995, free. Definitely a war criminal, but may not have been investigated due to his relation to the ‘Jews for trucks’ deal of Himmler’s.

Bosshammer, Friedrich
On 10 January 1968 Friedrich Bosshammer arrested for “suspicion of complicity in the murder of at least 150,000 Jews and was in custody and a new trial because of his activities in northern Italy was linked to it. The trial before the district court of Berlin began on 16 November 1971 and limited to the facts, since to have jointly murdered an unknown number of Italian Jews, at least 3336 people.

Throughout the trial the accused had neither Unrrechtsbewusstsein nor remorse or shame see [2]. He presented himself as a powerless tool in overwhelming command structures, with no knowledge of the murders and not have their own motives or even hatred. The prosecution showed, however, that Bosshammer was an ambitious offenders with decision-making and freedom of action. On 11 April 1972 Bosshammer sentenced to life imprisonment. The verdict was not final because he died at the end of that year.
d. 1972

Helmut Knochen, d. 2003

From 1963 he lived in Offenbach am Main. Helmut Knochen worked as an insurance agent and married 1982 a second time, Knochen was a member [3] In 1968 he was indicted for perjury because he was before the district court Offenburg had testified that he knew about the murder of the Jews anything. [4] Knochen was then a different approach and shot amnesia, because he “had displaced painful events” that [5], in the trial of Modest Graf von Korff [ 6], detachments of Chalons-sur-Marne, in 1987, he eventually became a “unreachable evidence” that could indeed play four hours a day of golf, but for health reasons as a witness could not be summoned. [7] Here too as the question of whether the commanders of the Gestapo were aware that the deportees were gassed in Auschwitz. Even Councilor Korff was acquitted for lack of evidence.

Engel, Friedrich
In June 2004 the Federal Court lifted the verdict against the now 95-year-old Friedrich Engel on the revision on out, because the killing feature of the cruelty was not proven sufficient. At the same time presented the 5th Senate proceedings, a criminal, because the great age of Engel and the long time since the actual crime would not allow a renewed process [2].

Engel died in February 2006 in Hamburg, a month after his 97th Birthday.

Otto Von Bolschwing, nazi, 1981 d. in the US
Valerian Trifa, d. 1987, Romanian fascisti

**Otto Winkelmann
(born September 4, 1894 in Bordesholm; † September 24, 1977, ibid [1]) was a general in the SS, the 1944 Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) in Hungary participated in the Holocaust of Hungarian Jews. As general of the Waffen SS, he was briefly commandant of Budapest at the approach of the Red Army. After the war he was imprisoned in Hungary for three years as a witness at the Nazi trials. After his return to Germany, no proceedings were opened against him.

In the spring of 1940, Winkelmann was promoted to SS-colonel and colonel in the police, in December 1940, appointed head of the local group I command in the main office of the Order Police. This Daluege was his immediate superior. In December 1941, Winkelmann reached as major general of police for the first rank of general in August 1942 he was further promoted to lieutenant general of police. (more on Winkelmann’s crimes in Hungary below in the comments section.)

So he served 3 years time, and no time in Germany, for planning the Holocaust. May have given witness in capture of Eichmann
Lithuanian who served with Nazis may be deported from US

German Adjutant who burned Hitler’s personal papers:

Julius Schaub (August 20, 1898 – December 27, 1967) was the chief aide and adjutant [1] of German dictator Adolf Hitler at the end of World War II.

He was identified as “Hitler’s personal Adjutant” in the 1934 film, Triumph of the Will. In the aftermath of the July 20 Plot to kill Hitler in 1944, Hitler had a badge struck to honor all those injured or killed in the blast. Hitler’s aides later said that Schaub, who was in a building some distance from the explosion, falsely tried to claim he was injured so as to be able to wear the badge.

At the end of the war, April 23, 1945, Hitler ordered Schaub to burn all his personal belongings and papers from the Reichskanzlei and the Fuehrerbunker in the garden of the Reichskanzlei. Schaub then flew to Munich and did the same in Hitlers private apartment at Prinzregentenplatz and at the Berghof in Obersalzberg. Finally he went to Zell am See and Mallnitz and destroyed Hitler’s personal Train, the “Fuehrerzug”. Possessing false ID papers on the name “Josef Huber”, he was arrested on May 8, 1945 in Kitzbuehl by American troops (36th CIC Det.) and in custody until February 17, 1949. Since both U.S. military and German denazification authorities didn’t see any participation in war crimes in the period of 1933-1945, Schaub was classified by the denazification only as a “fellow traveler.” An indictment for war crimes did not come accordingly. “His final rank, from 1944, was as an SS-Obergruppenführer. Schaub died in Munich in 1967.

He wasn’t a war criminal, in the narrow sense, yet a criminal still. Now we’ll never know what Hitler wrote down about the Holocaust.

IG Farben:

Dr. Helmut Vetter
(excutd) SS major Dr Helmuth Vetter, stationed at Auschwitz, participated in human medical experiments by order of Bayer

Dr. Ter Meer’s own visits to Auschwitz and the detailed reports he received made it inconceivable that he did not have a clear picture of what was occurring.

Friedrich (Fritz) Ter Meer, d. 1967
After the repeal of the recording block in May 1937, he joined the Nazi party at. [5] On 7 September 1939 he and Henry Hörlein agreed with the Army Ordnance Department to produce the nerve agent tabun. During construction of the appropriate poison gas factory in Dyhernfurth than 100 prisoners of war were used. [6] In September 1943 he was General Manager for Italy of the Reich Minister for armaments and war production [7].

During World War II, he was responsible for the development of the IG Farben plant at Auschwitz, in which the substance testing human experiments took place [8] and about 25,000 forced laborers under horrible circumstances were killed. In 1943 he received the Knight’s Cross of War Merit Cross.

In the I.G. Farben Trial at Nuremberg, the judges reach the following decision with regard to the charge of “enslavement and mass murder”: “The inference is strong that Farben officials subordinate to Ter Meer took the initiative in securing the services of these inmates at the plant site. This inference is further supported by the fact that Farben at its own expense and with funds appropriated by the TEA [Technical Committee], of which Ter Meer was chairman, built Camp Monowitz for the specific purpose of housing its concentration-camp workers. We are convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the officials in charge of Farben construction went beyond the necessity created by the pressure of government officials and may be justly charged with taking the initiative in planning for and availing themselves of the use of concentration-camp labor. Of these officials Ter Meer had greatest authority.”
(Das Urteil im I.G.-Farben-Prozess. Der vollständige Wortlaut (Offenbach am Main: Bollwerk, 1948), p. 135. (Transl. KL))

Fritz ter Meer also worked for Bayer and later IG Farben. He was involved in the planning of Monowitz concentration camp, a satellite camp of KZ Auschwitz. He was sentenced to seven years prison by the Nuremberg Trials in 1948. After he was released in 1951 he became supervisory board chairman (Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender) of the Bayer AG. He retired in 1961.

During World War II, he was responsible for the development of the IG Farben plant at Auschwitz, in which the substance testing human experiments took place [8] and about 25,000 forced laborers under horrible circumstances were killed. In 1943 he received the Knight’s Cross of War Merit Cross.

Post-war period
After his arrest in April 1945 [4] he was in the IG Farben Trial 30 July 1948 because of looting and enslavement related to the concentration camp Auschwitz III Monowitz convicted as war criminals to seven years in prison. When he was questioned in the process, if he had kept the tests on humans in Auschwitz to be justified, he replied that this was irrelevant:

“The detainees by any particular harm was inflicted, as they would in any case killed.” [9]

He was in the summer of 1950 prematurely because of “good behavior” released from custody in prison for war criminals Landsberg [10] and was immediately after the abolition of war crimes threshold of the Allied Law No. 35 of 1956 [11] Supervisory Board Chairman of Bayer AG. In subsequent years he also took on board positions at a number of other companies, including, inter alia, Theodor Goldschmidt AG, Commerzbank AG Bank Corporation, Duewag, VIAG and bank association West Germany AG. His achievements in the reconstruction of the chemical industry in Germany to be significant.

Fritz ter Meer was devoted to the postwar years, even with private funds, the construction of foundations, the social objectives served.

His memory is that of his employer sponsored Fritz-ter-Meer-Stiftung – Today Bayer Science & Education Foundation – dedicated to promoting chemistry students through scholarships.
DEAD 1967


Karl Winnacker worked from 1933 to 1945 in the IG F, where he rose in the last work of Hoechst’s second most important managers. In between, he worked for the I.G. Farben (Dyes) in Uerdingen and Schkopau. Since spring 1933, Winnacker member of the SA and in 1937 joined the Nazi Party. During his career, he also visited the Auschwitz concentration camp [2].

1933-1945 academic work with leadership roles in the works Uerdingen Hoechst and IG Farben Industry.

1947 development work on inorganic chemistry in the Duisburg copper smelter.

After working in the I.G. Colors, he served as CEO of Hoechst AG and Chairman of the German Atomic Forum. He was the author of textbooks on technical chemistry. According to him the Karl-Winnacker-Institut of DECHEMA eV as an instrument is named. In the 1970s he was honorary professor of applied chemistry at the University of Frankfurt am Main, he received the Werner-von-Siemens-Ring for 1972. In 2002, Karl Winnacker, endowed with 30,000 euros, the Aachen and Munich for Engineering and Applied Science at the Carl-Arthur Pastor Foundation in Aachen.

Winnacker was for many years chairman of the Federal University of Marburg. [3] Since 1991, this gives the federal government, who describes himself as an association of friends and supporters of the Marburg University [4], the Karl Winnacker Prize. Even the German Atomic Forum gives a Karl Winnacker Prize. Winnacker was a member of the country team in the Coburg Darmstadt Normannia Convent.

Kurt Hansen (born January 11, 1910 in Yokohama, Japan, † 26 January 2002 in Leverkusen) was a chemist and 1961-1974 Chairman of Bayer AG in Leverkusen.

Hansen was born in 1910 in Yokohama, the son of a Hamburg merchant and came to Hamburg in 1920, where he finished high school. In 1929 he started at the Technical University of Munich, his chemistry degree, a Ph.D. 1935th

In 1936 he was certified as a Master of Business Administration at the factory of the IG WolfenFarbeb, but fell soon to the current Agfa, then photographic paper factory, to Leverkusen. Even at 28 he takes over the alizarin Department.

In 1943 he was transferred to several indentations for military service to Berlin for the procurement and distribution of raw materials. In 1945 he returns to Leverkusen, after being temporarily detained. Hansen tied from then on relations in the U.S. and India helped in the construction of the Bayer plant. 1956, a year after a stay in India, where he directly supervised the building and advised that he was appointed to the Board and appointed in 1961 after the death of Ulrich Haberland Chief Executive Officer. His role as CEO, he used primarily to make new structures within the group and submit it to expand internationally.

1974 Hansen joined the Supervisory Board and Herbert Grünewald was CEO. In 1984 he ended his professional career and retired. He was then elected an honorary board and founded one foundation for the promotion of young scientists. In 1988 he became an honorary citizen of the University of Cologne.

German to English translation

Carl Krauch (April 7, 1887 in Darmstadt; † 3 February 1968 in Bühl) was a German chemist, industrialist, military industry leader in the National Socialist German Reich and convicted war criminals.

The son of the chemist Carl Krauch studied from 1906 senior chemistry and botany at the University of Giessen and the University of Heidelberg. After the 1911 graduation, he was made a research associate at the University of Giessen. From 1912 he worked at BASF. [1] Krauch was after the outbreak of the First World War soldier returned, but 1915 to BASF as “indispensable” back and was active in the works Oppau and Leuna. [2] In 1919, he was given power of attorney and in 1922 Managing Director of the ammonia plants in Merseburg. [1]

After formation of the I.G. Farben 1925, he was there in 1926 and a deputy from 1934 a full board member. This office he held until 1940 when he succeeded Carl Bosch as chairman of the IG Fwas. He led from 1929 to the newly created division high-pressure chemistry and was at the 1930 founding of the Joint American Study Company (Jasco) involved [2].

When I.G. Farben in Berlin in 1935, he led the exchange Wehrmacht and was thus for the coordination between the IGF and the competent military authorities responsible. Krauch was from 1936 to 1938 Head of Research and Development of the Office of German and raw materials. In 1937 he joined the Nazi Party. [3] From 1939 he was president of the Reich Office of Economic Development in the four-year plan and going back to 1938 military business leaders and chief representative for special issues in chemical production in the four-year plan. [1] In these positions, he worked largely from the rapid schedule, with to Germany for the fall of 1939 was made ready for war. Since 1939, he was a member of the Presidium of the Reich Research Council and a member of the Supervisory Board of Continental Oil Company. 1939 he gave Adolf Hitler the Iron Cross for his “victory on the battlefield by German industry.” [4] On 5 June 1943 Krauch presented the Knight’s Cross of War Merit Cross.

Krauch significantly accelerated the German rearmament, especially with powder and explosives [2] and was so “key figure in the intertwining of state and the Nazi IG Farben.” [1]

Heidelberg University awarded him an honorary doctorate and in Berlin he was appointed honorary professor. [2] He was also a Senator of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and member of the German Academy of Aviation Research. [3]

Edmund Geilenberg, the organizer of the petroleum backup plan worked with Carl Krauch, which was for the chemicals to produce synthetic fuel used in June 1944 as Executive Vice President for Special Matters of the chemical generation “. The concept that also Geilenberg program was called, should help ensure the basic supply Germany with fuel for military purposes after the Allies had bombed the unprotected fuel plants in May 1944 successfully.

After the war Krauch by the U.S. Army was put under house arrest. In the IG Farben trial, he was convicted of enslavement of concentration camp prisoners to six years in prison. [1] It was founded in 1950 released early from prison for war criminals Landsberg and was then executive director of IG successor company Chemische Werke Huls AG. [3] Krauch was witness in the first Frankfurt Auschwitz trial [2].

Georg von Schnitzler Nazi lawyer , served 1 year, d. 1962

Bayer was one of the companies which sold a product called Factor VIII concentrate to treat haemophilia. Factor VIII turned out to be infected with HIV and in the U.S. alone, it infected thousands of haemophiliacs, many of whom died in one of the worst drug-related medical disasters ever.

But it was only in 2003 that the New York Times revealed that Bayer had continued producing and selling this infected product to Asia and Latin America after February 1984 when a safe product had become available, in order to save money. Dr. Sidney M. Wolfe, who investigated the scandal, commented, “These are the most incriminating internal pharmaceutical industry documents I have ever seen.”

There is a Fritz ter Meer Educational Foundation which is administered through the Bayer offices at the company’s headquarters in Leverkusen. The foundation offers scholarships for graduate studies in chemistry.

By expressly honoring a man whom the Nuremberg court found guilty of war crimes, the Bayer Company demonstrates it has not learned from the past”.


Otto Rössler (* 6. February 1907 in Eisenstadt, Then Kingdom of Hungary, † 1991 in Marburg) Was an Austrian Semitist and Africanist.He also worked for the Institute for the Study of the Jewish Question. Imprisoned for a time, then freed to resume his ‘research.’

Gustav Lombard (born April 10, 1895 in Klein-Spiegelberg, district Prenzlau, † 18 September 1992 in Mühldorf am Inn) was an SS brigade leader and major general of the Waffen-SS commander of several SS divisions. During his time as a regimental commander in the command staff RFSS he coined the term “dejudification” for the murder of the Jewish population in German-occupied areas of Eastern Europe. He was convicted as war criminals in the Soviet Union to 25 years in prison but released in 1955 as part of the results obtained by Konrad Adenauer amnesty for German prisoners (see returnees). In Germany, the investigation by the Munich public prosecutor in 1970 were set on the grounds that it could be “the prosecution will not be charged with a chance of success.” [1]

Lombard was active in the aid community on reciprocity of former soldiers of the Waffen-SS and went public at reunions in appearance. He died in 18 September 1992 in Mühldorf am Inn.

Karl Gustav Sauberzweig (born September 1, 1899 in Wissek, West Prussia, † October 20, 1946 by suicide in Preetz in British captivity) was SS-group leader and lieutenant general of the Waffen-SS. During the Second World War, he commanded the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS “dagger” (the Croatian No. 1), and later he was bureau chief in the SS-Command Main Office.

Sommer, Gerhard Martin . 1988,Buchenwald. Died in prison??

Berger, Gottlob, d. 1975, convicted war criminal, co-author of “Der Untermensch”
*received only 3years for crimes, freed early.

Harald von Rautenfeld d. 1975

On 19 January 1943, he was also the representative of the Foreign Office in Reich Commissioner for the East in Riga appointed, where he remained until the 6th August 1944 remained.

Bergmann, Heinrich
born 10 April 1900 † 1 March 1984 term
Gestapo, Estonia July 1942 to 1944.
In 1955 became a member of the BKA Bundeskriminalamt and pensioned off in 1962.

Hellmuth Felmy . d. 1965 was indicted in the Nuremberg trials in 1948 as war criminals in the process hostage murder and sentenced to 15 years in prison for his involvement in war crimes in Greece. In the wake of intensified discussion of West German rearmament after the outbreak of the Korean War from the summer of 1950 High Commissioner John McCloy reduced by 31 January 1951 on the recommendation of the Advisory Board on Clemency for War Criminals “(Peck Panel) to imprisonment for ten years Felmy. Felmy, however, was on 15 December 1951 released from prison for war criminals in Landsberg. [2] In Darmstadt, he was later chairman of the old community tradition eagle.

Giselher Savoy (born April 15, 1907 in Schweinfurt, † 23 September 1975 in Stuttgart) was a German journalist and National Socialist.
Gestapo, (SD).

Study of the Jewish question by Alfred Rosenberg, from its opening on 27th March 1941 in Frankfurt, he appeared as a speaker with the topic of the Jewish question in the Middle East.

wanted to take the Arabs in particular for the Nazis. He spoke enthusiastically of “shock waves” that the “political earthquake center” in Palestine – were meant to anti-British and anti-Jewish Arab riots led by Mohammed Amin al-Husseini – left behind in Egypt. He welcomed a “definite turning back to the religious traditions of Islam,” by which the activities of the Muslim Brotherhood was meant, and its “strong opposition to Western liberalism.” He was thus an early protagonist of a cross-front between Islamism and fascism.

To his view of Jewish influence manipulated American system of government, he faced a “new world order” in the form of a hegemonic Europe dominated by Germany. The described in his book appraisal and assessment of the Anglo-American world was in Joseph Goebbels was impressed by a reader. This noted on 12 March 1942 in his diary:

“I find the evening a few hours to read the new book of Savoy, to the boundless continent.” Wirsing here is a representation of American life, the American economy, culture and politics. The material that he wrote with is truly staggering. Roosevelt is one of the most serious pests of modern culture and civilization. If we did not succeed, the enemy side, which is composed of Bolshevism, plutocracy and lack of culture to beat once, then go to meet the world of the darkest darkness would. ”

Emphasized in the context of lifelong anti-Americanism Savoy is the fact that he was promoted in 1930 as a fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation owned American Abraham Lincoln Foundation, which he financed include a longer trip to the USA.

Cooperation with the SD abroad, head of “signal”
Wirsing 1940, the Nazi Party and worked during the French campaign as an advisor to Walter Schellenberg, head of Department IV D (defense) and later Chief of the Office VI (SD-abroad) of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA).

In 1943 he became editor in 1945 editor of the international magazine “Signal”, a publication published in several languages of the High Command of the Armed Forces, and others went for this as a propaganda officer for the troops to Russia. After the German defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad was the strong man at Savoy “signal”. It seemed almost no issue more without an editorial by him. As early as 1938 he had described a recommendation in a staff report as follows: Captain Savoy has proven over the course of cooperation with the SD as a willing, hardworking and extremely valuable employees. This ruling led to his promotion to SS-major. Later he acted as a special officer in a propaganda company on the Eastern Front. Consequently, he advocated the war in the east as a campaign against the absolutely evil and unfathomable.

To 1944 W. wrote for a “German Information,” “the German Information Service in Berlin W 35, Rauchstr. 27. This was a translation in all European languages specialized Propaganda Department of the SS, which was to spread the vision of an anti-Anglo Saxon SS Europe.

In June 1945, Savoy became a prisoner of war and hired there as information gatherers for the U.S. Secret Service, on whose behalf he made 1946 a study tour of the American zone, but remained officially interned. In detention, he advocated the U.S. occupation zone as the 49th state to join the United States.

The award Chamber at Garmisch in 1948 classified him as part of a denazification as a *follower and finished it with a fine of 2000, – Reichsmark, which on appeal was reduced to 500 marks. The magazine Der Spiegel quoted him in 1967, he had called 1943 “the violent elimination of the Jewish element”, and interpreted that he had so that the “appropriateness of Auschwitz” founded. Savoy threatened SPIEGEL Thus, the threat of a lawsuit was not followed by deeds.

He managed them to the largest-circulation weekly newspaper of the Federal Republic (to 1963) to develop. He revealed unwittingly there submerged Horst Schumann, the major T4 as gasification doctor in the campaign have been the killing of sick and disabled people in the era of National Socialism, was involved and was sought for years by the public prosecutor in Frankfurt am Main.

Syr, Sepp d. 1977

Zill, Egon d. 1974
Dachau freed after 1963, 10 years in prison

Kammerhofer, Konstantin d. 1958
SS Croatia

Hermann Bickler
d. 1984


Complete list:
IG Farben Process, from Wikipedia. De
The accused
Against 23 persons charges were filed. In 1945, the spoken sentence (for crimes with guilt and dismissal) and the following activities were as follows:

Carl Krauch (Chairman of IG Farben) – 6 years because of “slavery”, released in 1950, 1955 board member of Huels GmbH
Otto Ambros (Director, Planning IG Auschwitz) – 8 years, released in 1952, from 1954 in various executive functions, and pharmaceutical issues, such Grünenthal than or consultant for F. K. Flick
Ernst Burgin – 2 years
Heinrich Bütefisch (Board Member, gasoline synthesis IG Auschwitz) – 6 years because of “slavery”, released in 1951, 1952 Board member, among others, Ruhr-Chemie and coal-oil chemistry
Walter Dürrfeld – 8 years
Fritz Gajewski (board member, contact to Dynamit Nobel AG) – acquittal, 1949 GF for Dynamit Nobel AG
Heinrich Gattineau – acquittal
Paul Haefner – 2 years
Erich von der Heyde – acquittal
Heinrich Hörlein – acquittal
Max Ilgner – 3 years
Friedrich Jähne (Director, Chief Engineer) – 1 year 6 months because of “looting”, 1955 board member of the “new” Hoechst
August Knieriem – acquittal
Hans Kugler – 1 year 6 months
Hans Kuehne – acquittal
Carl Lautenschlager – acquittal
Rudolf Wilhelm Mann – acquittal
Fritz ter Meer (board member, administrator IG Auschwitz) – 7 years because of “looting” and “enslavement”, released in 1952, 1955 board member of Bayer
Heinrich Oster – 2 years
Hermann Schmitz (Chairman, Chief Financial Officer) – 4 years because of “looting”, released in 1950, 1952 board member of the German bank West Berlin, 1956 Honorary Chairman of the Rheinische steel works
Christian Schneider – acquittal
Georg von Schnitzler – 5 years
Carl Wurster (Director) – acquittal, 1952 Chairman of the “new” BASF, etc.

All defendants who were sentenced to prison received early release.

Most were quickly restored their directorships [1], and some was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit
“I.G. Farben Prozess”



J­osias, Hereditary Prince of Wa­ldeck and Pyrmont
3 years for running Buchenwald

H­anns Albin Rauter
Rounded up 110,000 Dutch Jews. Was executed

Nazi Drs.,part two; Churchill on the Holocaust; Reichsecurity men


We did not only collect the evidence of those who were victims in Hitler’s Final Solution, but from people who held senior positions in its planning, administration and execution. All this material is stored in the Imperial War Museum, is available and will, I hope, now be used to show that those who would now deny the Holocaust happened are wrong…
Michael Darlow
Bradford-on-Avon, Wilts

Reading in July 1944 the first detailed account of Auschwitz, Churchill wrote:

‘There is no doubt this is the most horrible crime ever committed in the whole history of the world, and it has been done by scientific machinery by nominally civilised men in the name of a great State and one of the leading races of Europe. ‘­orldwars/genocide/churchill_ho­locaust_01.shtml
Churchill on the Holocaust

In a letter from Dr. Wetzel [?], from the Ministry of the Occupied Eastern Territories, to *Hinrich Lohse, Reich Commissar for the Baltic (Ostland), 25 Oct. 1941. The letter states categorically that there are no objections to the gassing of Jews unfit for work.

Werner Catel (1894–1981), Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Leipzig, was one of three doctors considered an expert on the programme of euthanasia for children and participated in the Action T4 “euthanasia” program for the Nazis, the other two being Hans Heinze and Ernst Wentzler. d. 1973

Alfred Kurzke (* January 20 1905 in Neuhammer, Silesia, † 1971) was a German SS Standard Upper Junker and as a camp doctor in Mittelbau used.

Dr. Rudolf Spanner, accused of crimes in Gdansk (Danzig). Freed. d. 1960.

Oskar Schröder [Schroeder](* 6.) February 1891 in Hannover. d. 26. January 1958 in Munich) German and Chief of the General German air force was involved in human trials in the Dachau concentration camp nationalsozialistischer, for which he was accused in the Nuremberg medical process.

Was given life. US took him after he was released in 1954.,,1587766,00.html

Wolfgang Abel (13 May 1905 – 1 November 1997) was an anthropologist and one of Nazi Germany’s racial biologists.

Hans Grebe, associated with Verschuer b. 1913 (dead?)

Dr. Helmut Unger d?
Dr. Valentin Falthauser, d. 1961
Dr Walter Schultze, d 1979

Prince and Landgrave Philipp of Hesse (6 November 1896 — 25 October 1980)
As Governor of Hesse-Kassel, Philipp was complicit in the T-4 Euthanasia Program. In February 1941 Philipp signed the contract placing the sanitarium of Hadamar at the disposal of the Reich Interior Ministry. Over 10,000 mentally ill people were killed there. In 1946 Philipp was charged with murder, but the charges were later dropped

Herbert Linden (d . 1945)

Hans Friedrich Karl Günther [Guenther] (February 16, 1891 in Freiburg – September 25, 1968 also in Freiburg) was a German race researcher and eugenicist in the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.

Fritz A Lenz (March 9, 1887 in Pflugrade, Pomerania – July 6, 1976 in Göttingen ) was a German geneticist, member of the Nazi party,[1] and influential specialist in “racial hygiene” (also called eugenics)

Arthur Joseph Schreck (* August 15th 1878 in Baden-Baden, † October 3rd 1963 in Pfullendorf) was a German psychiatrist, director of the nursing home Rastatt and as T4 expert and deputy director of medical and nursing home Wiesloch

Albert Friedrich Panse (* March 30 1899 in Essen, † December 6 1973 in Bochum) was a German psychiatrist and neurologist, the era of National Socialism T4 expert and professor at the University of Bonn.

Otto Reisch, d 1977

Otto Hebold, d. 1975

Alois Hans Schmitz, d. 1973

Berthold Kihn, d. 1964

Gunther Munckwitz, d. 1970

William Schumacher, d?

Friedrich Mauz, d 1979

Franz Fehringer, d
Hans Bertha, d. 1964

Werner Villinger, d. 1961

Victor Ratka, d. 1966

Curd Runckel, d. ?

Gustav Schneider?

Konrad Zucker, d. 1978
7. December 1893 – 31 August 1978

Carl-Heinz Rodenberg, rarely Karl-Heinz Rodenberg, (* November 19 1904 in Heath, † 1995) was a German neurologist and psychiatrist. Rodenberg was witness to the Nazi medical killing, the “Action T4”, and since 1943 scientific director of the Reich Central Office for Combating Homosexuality and Abortion.

Kurt Karl Ferdinand Pohl (* March 28 1893 in Remscheid, † February 6 1955 in Bonn) was a German psychiatrist and neurologist, for the period of National Socialism T4 expert and professor at the University of Bonn.

(deutsche wiki: List of NS Doctors )

Murad Bey Yussef Ibrahim (Arabic يوسف إبراهيم) (* May 27th 1877 in Cairo, † February 3 1953 in Jena) was a highly respected and also its involvement in the euthanasia program during the period of National Socialism controversial pediatrician.

Fritz Otto Erich Haessler (* April 22 1899 in Leipzig, † December 2 2005 in Jena) was a German children’s dr.

Heinrich Rindflesch (* March 3rd 1916 in Strasbourg, † July 1969) was a German physician and SS officer.

Albert Widmann (* June 8 1912 in Stuttgart, † December 24th 1986 in Stuttgart-Stammheim) was at the time of the Nazi SS storm troop leader and head of the Department of Chemistry and Biology in the Reich Security Main Office. He developed the Action T4 , the gasification with CO2 gas and tested 1941 for the use of the Security Police and SD in Belarus killing people with explosives and gas. (He’s credited with being one of the inventors of the Nazi techniques of mass murder in the gas chamber).

Friedrich Wilhelm Siegmund Robert Lorent (* March 22 1905 in Bremen;? †), was in the National Socialist German Reich as the main economic management of the central office-T4 one of those responsible for the Nazi “euthanasia” program.

Ewald Wortmann, including Hannes Wortmann called (* April 17th 1911 in Marne, † September 15th 1985 in Osnabrück), was in the era of National Socialism under the Nazi “euthanasia” program as a doctor at the hospital selection, and in the NS Sonnenstein -killing facility in Pirna active.

Hans-Joachim Becker (* November 19 1909 in Kassel;? †) was the head of the central clearing agency for the T4 in the Third Reich and office manager of the Nazi killing center Hartheim.

Georg Renno (January 13 1907 in Strasbourg, † October 4 1997) was in 1940 as deputy medical director of the killing center Hartheim responsible for the killing of 28,000 people in the Nazi T4 euthanasia program.

Klaus Endruweit (* December 6 1913 in Tilsit, † September 3 1994 in Hildesheim, Germany) was in the National Socialist German Reich during the Nazi “euthanasia”program as a doctor in the Nazi killing center Sonnenstein in Pirna active.

Acquilin Ullrich (* March 14 1914 in Dillingen, † May 30th 2001 in Stuttgart) was the National Socialist German Reich under the Nazi euthanasia program as a physician in the Nazi killing center Brandenburg and in the planning group of the T4-core activity.

Werner Blankenburg (* June 19 1905 in Caputh, † November 28th 1957 in Stuttgart) was the National Socialist German Reich as Head of the Office IIa in the office of the leader of one of the main perpetrators of Nazi “euthanasia” killings (“T4” ), the annihilation of Polish Jews in the “Operation Reinhard”, and the X-ray castration experiments in the Auschwitz concentration camp.

Albert Bormann , brother of Bormann. Worked in the Chancery.

Franz Jaenicke (Jaenke?) executed (>?)

Hans Bauer (biologist)

other nazis:

Carl Bilfinger (* July 21 1879 in Ulm, † December 2 1958 in Heidelberg) was a German constitutional lawyer.

Leo Bruhns
Julius Hallervorden
Rendulic, Lothar. d. 1971
Fick, Ernst, MIA

*Jung, Philip Wilhelm , d 1965
Mayor of Vienna 1940-3

Helmut Bischoff (* March 1 1908 in Glogau; † January 5 1993 in Hamburg) was in the National Socialist German Reich SS Lieutenant Colonel (1943) and senior executive officer, head of several state police agencies, leaders of the task force an the use of Group IV in German-occupied Poland and Defense Officer the construction of V2 rockets in the Mittelbau-Dora.

Ernst Sander (SS-member)
1940 under the birth name Ernst Sabinski, (* March 14 1916 in Qingdao, † 1990) was a German SS-Sergeant and the Gestapo in Niedersachswerfen used.

Erwin Busta (* April 12th 1905 in Leoben, † 1982) was an Austrian SS sergeant and officer in the foreign stock Peenemünde at the Army Research Center Peenemünde and senior warden in the tunnel system of Kohnstein the Mittelbau.

these last few names are associated with crimes of Hans Kammler.

Alfred Slawik (* October 20th 1913 in Vienna ; † unknown) was SS Sergeant (1943) and employees of the Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Vienna , virtually the Eichmann Unit in the RSHA was involved in the deportation of Jews from Vienna, Slovakia , Greece and Hungary in the death camps involved.

By offsetting the September 1946 were serving prison since he was in May 1950 released from prison already. [1] He then worked as a magazine master in Vienna. [6] About his future is unknown

Richard Hartenberger (born April 27th 1911 in Vienna , † October 28th 1974 in Vienna ) was an Austrian SS lieutenant (1943) and employees of the Central Office for Jewish Emigration in Vienna and the Eichmann Office of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA). Testified about the Holocaust.
9 months in prison.
September 1961 Hartenberger said that because of his conviction in 1950 could again be placed under indictment not a witness at hearing from the following:

“I can only repeat that, if Eichmann, at least I personally never said about Jews such measures it throughout Section IV B 4 ranging from the typists to the top it was known that the Jews were systematically killed. We were also aware that the able-bodied Jews partly sorted out and as long as they could, were used for labor, while the non-working Jews were liquidated. Therefore, if someone claims to have the unit, known nothing about it, he probably does so for obvious reasons. Es war eben kein Geheimnis.“ [6] It was not a secret. ” [6]
Ernst Achenbach (* April 9 1909 in Siegen , † December 2 1991 in Essen ) was a German lawyer . During the Second World War, caught in the Nazi persecution of Jews, he later became a politician ( FDP ).

Friedrich Seiburg

Werner Gerlach (* September 4 1891 in Wiesbaden , † August 31 1961 in Kempten (Allgäu) ) was a German pathologist , Nazi , SS-Brigadier (General), medical researchers at the Buchenwald concentration camp and diplomat .

Karl Ebner (* 27. Oktober 1901 in Franzensfeste; † 11. November 1983 in Lienz) war stellvertretender Leiter der Geheimen Staatspolizei Wien während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus.

Franz Josef Huber (* 22. Januar 1902 in München; † 30. Januar 1975)

Franz Stuschka (* July 3 1910 in Liesing † after 1985) was an Austrian SS officer and employee in the Eichmann Department of the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA). Stuschka was after the war in Vienna sentenced to seven years in prison.

Anton Burger (* 19. November 1911 in Neunkirchen; † 25. Dezember 1991 in Essen) war österreichischer SS-Obersturmführer und Lagerkommandant im Ghetto Theresienstadt.

Adolf von Bomhard (* January 6 1891 in Augsburg ; † July 19th 1976 ) was SS-group leader and lieutenant general of the Order Police in the Third Reich . In the Federal Republic, he was mayor of Prien am Chiemsee .

Franz Novak (* 10 January 1913 in Wolfsberg (Kärnten) , † 1983 ) was an SS – Captain He coordinated a staff of Adolf Eichmann, 1940-1945, the railway transport for deportation of European Jews to concentration camps and extermination camps in the east.

[Eastern Rumania| Transnistria became the cemetery for more than 200.000 Jews. Their story is little known, even to students of this period of history. This book attempts to present some details of this immense tragedy – some of the details,. others are lost forever. The entire story will never be known.’ (Fisher, 1969, pp.9-10)
Dr Friedrich Seekel, d. 1960
some of these men also lived on, infamously, free:

Alfons Glatzel (born February 17, 1889 in Krotoschin, West Prussia; † 14 December 1956 in Heppenheim) was a German SS officer

Karl Wilhelm Albert (born September 8, 1898 in Hessenthal; † 21 April 1960 in Erndtebrück) [1] was a German SS officer.

II A 5 (): Martin Nitsche

Hans Richter (* 1903 in Berlin; † unknown) was a German SS officer and civil servant
II D 2 (Southeast): Emil Steudle
Wolfgang Reinhardt (born October 31, 1911 in Bydgoszcz) was a German SS officer and lawyer.

Justin Beyer (born April 16, 1910 in Schurons, Pomerania, † 26 September 1989 in Fürstenfeldbruck

Heinrich Malt, (born November 26, 1910 in Chemnitz, †?)

Erhard Mäding [Maeding](born May 1, 1909 in Dresden; † 30 November 1998 in Cologne) was a German jurist on the topics of space and landscape planning.

Dr. Hans Ehlich (born July 1, 1901 in Leipzig, † 30 March 1991 in Braunschweig, Germany) was in the National Socialist German Reich physician and SS colonel, head of the Office Group III B “Ethnicity and Public Health in the Reich Security Main Office and a member of the task force V in German-occupied Poland.

Jürgen Eberhard Ludwig Gottfried Freiherr von Loew and Steinfurth (July 24, 1909 in Haderslev) was a German SS officer and police officer.

William Spengler (born March 19, 1907 in Bühl on Alpsee; † 1 April 1961 in Oldenburg

Ernst Turowski, (October 7, 1906 in Sawadden (East Prussia), † 20 October 1986 in Bad Münstereifel) was a German SS colonel and head of Division III C 1 (Science) of the Reich Security Main Office.

Mid-1942 SS Captain Rudolf Boehmer

Hans Roessner (born July 5, 1910 in Dresden, † 22 June 1997 in Munich) was a German Germanic, in the “Third Reich” SS Lieutenant Colonel and head of Division III C 3 (Popular Culture and the Arts) in the Reich Security Main Office, an editor at Stalling Oldenburg-Verlag, editor in isolated Publisher and Director of Piper Verlag in Munich.

Walter von Kielpinski (born April 29, 1909 in Chemnitz, whereabouts unknown), was in the National Socialist German Reich SS Lieutenant Colonel, member of the Einsatzgruppen in Poland IV and Head of the Unit III C 4 of the Reich Security Main Office.

Horst Mahnken (born October 28, 1913 in Berlin) was SS Captain, full-time in Himmler’s Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) and after the war, 1952-1960 Editor and Head of the news magazine Der Spiegel, then editor of Axel Springer’s journal Crystal, Managing Director of the Editorial Committee Springer-Verlag and 1969-1980 General Manager of the Association of German Magazine Publishers.

SS Sturmbannführer Heinz Kröger [Krueger]

Paul Mylius (born February 23, 1904 in Bitterfeld, † unknown) was a German lawyer in the police and SS officers.

Hans Leetsch
source: wiki de

SS Sturmbannführer Willi Seibert, auch Willy Seibert (* 17. Juni 1908 in Hannover; † 30. März 1976 in Bremen) war SS-Standartenführer und von Mai 1941 bis Sommer 1942 stellvertretender Kommandeur der Einsatzgruppe D

SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Rudolf Schuster [dead?]was an officer of SS-RSHA Abt.III. From 4 June 1944 he was responsible for transport with SS-ELF (Special Evacuation Commando). The Commando performed transport duties under the cover name “Agricultural Fertilizers-Oskar Schwartz & Son”. In the Berlin Document Centre I found the officer’s service sheet. From this it appears he was also at the ‘Special Duty Office’, SS-WVHA Amt A-V zbV. In his interrogation he told Allied investigators that in the second half of April 1945 a Junkers Ju 390 aircraft of KG 200 had taken materials related to the “Chronos” and “Laternentraeger” projects to Bodo airbase in Norway. The aircraft was painted pale blue and bore Swedish Air Force markings. As far as I remember it took off from the airfield close to Schweidnitz (Swidnice) near Fuerstenstein (Ksiaz). and before the flight was heavily guarded by SS and covered with canvas. In Norway the transport was supervised by SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Jakob Sporrenberg.”

SS Cpn Arthur Harder, Maly Trostinets

Erich hans Holbach
Hans O. Luxenburger , two more nazi geneticists

Sigbert Ramsauer (* October 19th 1909 in Klagenfurt , † June 13th 1991 in Klagenfurt ) was SS Captain and camp doctor in the concentration camps Dachau , Mauthausen and Loibl. Released 1954.

NEW: Alexander von Domarus (* September 1st 1881 in Berlin , † May 4 1945 in Malchow ) was a German physician. Univ of Berlin. Suicide at war’s end.

Max Domarus, researcher on Hitler. “Hitler’s speeches” book is on amazon.
d 1992.

Karen Hupp (* May 24th 1894 in Pirmasens , † May 19th 1978 in Munich ) was a German nurse . She was a member of the Nazi sisterhood , manager of the Technical Committee on sister being in the coalition of private charities and writing head of the student council published magazine and the yearbook of the nursing care during the period of National Socialism .
She married Dr Schroeder, listed below, a convicted war criminal.

Hans Harmsen (* May 5th 1899 in Berlin-Charlottenburg , † July 5 1989 in Bendestorf ) was a German social hygiene and population scientists . By the end of World War II, he pursued eugenics under the Nazi rulers. After 1945 he became a professor at the University of Hamburg . He was co-founder, president and finally president of honor of Pro Familia .

1946, Harmon took the leadership of the Institute for Hygiene and Environment of Hamburg and was Professor of Education and Social Hygiene at the University of Hamburg. He also in 1952, Chairman of the German Society for Population Studies and in 1953 president of the German Academy for Population Studies . These associations were used, the science journalist Ludger Wess, [4] “as a catch-and network of the leaders of Nazi racial and population biology.

Gertrud Scholtz-Klink (* 9. Februar 1902 in Adelsheim, Baden als Gertrud Emma Treusch; † 24. März 1999 in Tübingen-Bebenhausen) Head of Nurses.

Ludolf-Hermann Emmanuel Georg Kurt Werner von Alvensleben, meist nur Ludolf von Alvensleben, auch genannt Bubi von Alvensleben, (* 17. März 1901 in Halle (Saale); † wahrscheinlich am 1. April 1970[1] in Santa Rosa de Calamuchita, Provinz Córdoba, Argentinia) Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS. **Himmler’s Adjutant.

Dr. Hugo Spatz (* September 2 1888 in Munich , † January 27th 1969 in Frankfurt am Main ) was a German neuropathologist. Worked on brains of T-4 patients after death. Culpable?

More Nazis IV


Franz Xaver Dorsch 1.5.43 b 24.12.99 died 8.11.1986.
a higher up in the Reich

Helmut Bischoff (* March 1 1908 in Glogau ; † January 5 1993 in Hamburg ) was in the National Socialist German Reich SS Lieutenant Colonel (1943) and senior executive officer , head of several state police agencies, leaders of the task force an the use of Group IV in German-occupied Poland and Defense Officer the construction of V2 rockets in the Mittelbau-Dora .

Fritz Darges (* February 8 1913 in Dülseberg , Altmark , † October 25th 2009 in Celle ) was an SS Lieutenant Colonel and at times personal adjutant of Adolf Hitler .­emale_guards_in_Nazi_concentra­tion_camps
Aufseherrin (Female Guards)

Walter Neff (* 22. Februar 1909 in Westheim; † 31. August 1960 in München) war deutscher Funktionshäftling und Oberpfleger im KZ Dachau. Neff war führend am Dachauer Aufstand vom 28. April 1945 beteiligt.

Martha Pauline Haake (* 19. Mai 1915 in Frankfurt (Oder); † unbekannt)
3 years, freed.

Elizabeth Krzok on 3 February 1951 for good behavior early release from prison

On 3 February 1947 was sentenced to ten years imprisonment Margaret Mewes. Mewes was initially detained in the prison-Fuhlsbüttel Hamburg, and from October 1948 in the prison Werl. Mewes was on 26 February 1952 because of “good behavior” release. Mewes first moved to the area of Hamelin and thereafter Körbecke, where she found a job as a waitress. She married in August 1968 and died after an unremarkable life in late 1998 [1].

Dr Hans Klein was appointed professor at the Ruprecht-Karls-University Heidelberg and died in 1984. Assisted Dr. Heissmeyer.
source: wiki de, Bullenhuserdamm

Fritz Klein had been involved in numerous attacks on Jews and other groups, only the case in 1952 against the jury Creglinger Ellwangen was reopened, since the other cases were barred. (d. 1963)­orst_Klein
another nazi who got away with it.­/31/world/ex-corporal-in-ss-ac­quitted-in-2-murders-in-world-­war-ii.html
Walther Kummel, one of the nazis involved in crimes listed below.

On December 12, 1983, the Hamburg public prosecutor filed charges against Strippel for the murders of the children at Bullenhusen Damm, and 22 Neuengamme inmates. After three years of additional legal wrangling, Strippel was deemed unfit to stand trial. He disappeared from public view and is believed to have died in Frankfurt-Kalbach, about 1995.

It’s hard to believe, but this female Nazi never was really punished.

On December 20, 1945, [Joanna] Johanna Langefeld was arrested by the U.S. Army, and in September 1946, she was extradited to the Polish judiciary preparing a trial in Kraków against SS personnel in Auschwitz. On December 23, 1946, Johanna Langefeld escaped from prison and hid in a cloister, working in a private home. Sometime around 1957, she returned illegally to live with her sister in Munich. She died in Augsburg, Germany on January 26, 1974, at the age of 73.­69318?tag=holocaust-20&camp=14­573&creative=327641&linkCode=a­s1&creativeASIN=0140169318&adi­d=1BAAR9MPT4C9PEDN3MWK&
book, Children of the Flames, by Lagnado and Dekel.

Karl Burmester (born October 17, 1911; † after 1976) was a German SS officer and civil servant.

Werner Alfred Wenn, Himmler’s asst.[ dead?]

Artur Axmann alias Eric Siewert (* February 18 1913 in Hagen / Westphalia, † October 24th 1996 in Berlin ) was a Nazi official and Reich Youth Leader in the era of National Socialism.

This proves that Arthur Axmann, Karl Doenitz and E. Milch were present at Himmler’s conference, as was Speer. They all knew about the Genocide.
Willi Schatz (* February 1 1902 in Hannover , † February 17 1985 ibid) was a German dentist and in the concentration camps Auschwitz and Neuengamme dentist working as a warehouse.

Gerhard Neubert (* June 12 1909 in Johann George Town , † December 5 1993 in Diepholz ) was SS Sergeant and as a medical orderly in the Auschwitz III Monowitz used. 3 years?

Schobert, Johann. acquitted. Fate, unknown.

On May 29, 1949, a law was passed prohibiting the extradition of German nationals. Consequently, scores of Nazis who committed their crimes in other countries were never handed over to these nations. The German judiciary only initiated action against Nazi war criminals in rare cases.

All those who committed offences during the Nazi regime and had subsequently received a sentence of less than a year were granted amnesty. In 1954, this was extended to all those with sentences of up to three years. It meant that anyone not implicated in major crimes simply went free. In addition, offences like the “concealment of a person’s rank for political reasons” were granted amnesty. These measures made it easier for many of the main criminals to go into hiding. [1]

“In the meantime, the western allies experienced a case of ‘clemency fever.’ As a prosecutor from Nuremberg, Robert Kempner, later observed, almost all of his sentenced Nazi criminals were pardoned.... [I]n 1953 most of them found themselves free men and the last one was released in 1958.” [2]
Hans Globke, who had only recently served as state secretary in the German chancellor’s office in Bonn, was the co-author of a 1936 commentary on the Nuremberg race laws. It served as a basic manual for judges, concentration camp guards and Wehrmacht officers, explaining how Jews, Sinti, and Gypsies—these “foreign species”—should be dealt with. Neither Globke nor any of the judges who sentenced Jews and others regarded as “untermenschen” (subhumans) to death or other draconian punishments, ever faced court.
One of the first laws passed in the new Federal Republic of Germany was the so-called exemption from punishment law. Following the half-hearted “denazification” program, almost the entire middle and upper strata of the National Socialists’ apparatus of annihilation were integrated back into the justice system and government administration.

In 1960, after the Bundestag had repealed all decrees issued by the allied forces during the 1950s, the German parliament dropped prosecutions for Nazi crimes and killings apart from provable acts of murder.
a few camp personnel:
Werner Dubois (* 26. Februar 1913 in Wuppertal; † 22. Oktober 1971 in Münster )
In Sobibor process Dubois was eventually convicted in 1966 for complicity in murder of Community at least 15,000 people to three years in prison. Dubois died in 1971 in Münster.

Kurt Knittel (23. September 1910 in Karlsruhe)
a schoolteacher in civilian life and an Unterscharfuehrer SS during the war, organized the cultural program at Auschwitz. In October 1941, he was appointed head of the department responsible for the ideological indoctrination of the camp personnel. Klee lists numerous cultural events held in Auschwitz and contrasts them with the crimes being committed in the camp at the same time.
*They let him go free!! He went back into teaching and music.
“A beautiful career,” Klee concludes, “for the man who had been in charge of culture at the Auschwitz death camp.”

Joachim Caesar, (* 30. Mai 1901 in Boppard; † 25. Januar 1974 in Kiel)

Dr. Lothar Rendulic
23 November 1887 — 18 January 1971 (aged 83)
Place of death Eferding, Austria

Fritz Katzmann (1906-1957) was a high-ranking SS officer, holding the final rank of Gruppenführer. He was responsible for many of the Holocaust atrocities in District Galicia. He managed to escape prosecution after the Second World War.

Dr Emil Kaschub [1], according to other sources Kaschub Heinz [2], (born April 3, 1919 in Mensguth; † May 4, 1977) was a German surgeon who on behalf of the armed forces in a concentration camp Auschwitz undertook experiments on prisoners for the detection of malingerers.

Hans Heinrich Lammers (* May 27th 1879 in Lublinitz / Upper Silesia , † January 4th 1962 in Dusseldorf ) was a German jurist and during the period of National Socialism, head of the Reich Chancellery.3 years

Richard Walther Darre (born Ricardo Oscar Darré Walther, and Richard Walter Darre, * July 14 1895 in Belgrano , Buenos Aires , Argentina , † September 5th 1953 in Munich ) was a German politician during the era of National Socialism . Agronomy. Freed, 1950.

Early Nazis (better off forgotten?):
Ernst Rohm d. 1934. SA man murdered on Hitler’s orders. His grave in Munich is a place of worship for the extreme right.

Ernst Franz Sedgwick („Putzi“) Hanfstaengl (* 2. Februar 1887 in München; † 6. November 1975 As a member of the Munich Hanfstaengl upper class used his contacts to present Hitler supporters financially strong. Through fundraising Hanfstaengl also contributed with help of the NSDAP the purchase of the VB’s to allow a party newspaper. In November 1923 Hanfstaengl was on Hitler coup involved the failed attempt by the Nazi Party, by coup of Bavaria from power in the German Reich to take over. While Hanfstaengl to Salzburg flew, Hitler appeared in Hanfstaengl country house in the Uffing Staffelsee under. A few days later he was there arrested by the Bavarian police. After Hanfstaengl report to his wife Helen, nee Niemeyer, Hitler have prevented the impending arrest to be shot in the face of.

During Hitler’s imprisonment in Landsberg am Lech and after his release Hanfstaengl kept in close contact to the leader of the Nazi Party. 1931 Hanfstaengl, due to its foreign language skills and his connections abroad, from Hitler to the foreign press chief of the Nazi Party appointed in particular. In this capacity, he also tried in March 1932 a meeting between Hitler and the British statesman Winston Churchill – with his son Randolph Churchill Hanfstaengl was friends – in the way to lead in Munich. The meeting came at the whim of Hitler but is not concluded, because who preferred to opt for a trip to Nuremberg to rest. In the next few years Hanfstaengl used his connections to Hitler abroad to improve the image. In addition to his official position, Hitler was a big part of his influence on his friendship with due, which it enjoyed, “Putzi” Hanfstaengl listen to piano playing.
He lost favor with Goebbels, and fled to UK, 1937.
more :
Franz-Werner Jaenke (Jaenicke)
d. 1943 . early SA member.

Franz Pfeffer von Salomon (February 19, 1888 in Düsseldorf – April 12, 1968 in Munich) was the first commander of the SA after its 1925 restoration, which followed its temporary abolition in 1923 after the abortive Beer Hall Putsch.
Emil Maurice, d. 1972. SS Mann # 2. Murdered a priest who helped edit “Mein Kampf.”


Q : Does Siemens acknowledge publicly its role in utilizing slave labor in Auschwitz Birkenau-Monowitz?

Nazi doctors, pt 1


Below I’ve posted links to the English- translated documents from the Nuremberg trials against the Nazi doctors.This was evidence submitted as proof of the Nazi doctors’ use of prisoners in inhuman and often deadly experiments. [mazal page fixed, should be visible now]

US HMM GRAPHIC video on the Holocaust.


Dr Grawitz, top Nazi doctor, committed suicide at the end of April 1945.

Several Nazi Doctors were indeed convicted of Mustard gas experiments, in the Nuremberg Trial.

Dr. Fritz Klein (1888-1945) – One of the worst SS doctors making selections at Auschwitz and was present at most of them, like Mengele. In 1944, Klein was transferred to Bergen-Belsen where he gave people death injections. He was put on trial by the British along with about 50 members of the Bergen-Belsen staff and he was executed with commandant Josef Kramer on December 13, 1945.­ide/MedicalCaseTrialI­ndictment.html

Trial against Drs specifically mentions “poison”­iewtopic.php?f=38t=19222
Nazi SS Doctors, and their crimes against humanity.­rnst-Robert Grawitz
Dr Grawitz advised Himmler on gas chambers

Copy of secret order by Hitler to Dr Grawitz, who was in charge of the Doctors in the camp system.

HLSL Item No.: 502

Personal Author: Ernst Grawitz (Dr., Lt. Gen. Waffen-SS, Reich Physician SS)
Descriptive Title: Telegram to Rudolf Brandt concerning secret order by Hitler.
Document Date: 17 March 1944
Evidence Code No.: NO-14 (Click for all versions of this document.)
Language of Text: English
Notes: This Staff Evidence Analysis was prepared by Manfred Wolfson on 26 June 1946. The telegram is a reply to a letter from Brandt, NO 13-a. The order by Hitler apparently concerned poison gas.
Document Type: A non-trial evidence files document from which a trial document was derived.
Evidence File Name: NO
Source of Text: IMT/NMT Staff Evidence Analysis
Trial Transcript Citation: Trial Name: NMT 01. Medical Case – USA v. Karl Brandt, et al., English Transcript: p. 1039 (3 January 1947)

Dr. Grawitz, 22 Nov 1944 to HH
re: use of poison gas

Grawitz To Heinrich Himmler
Seawater experiments
“jews at dachau ” to be used as guinea pigs in dangerous experiments

more on the same

Sachsenhausen experiments

Clauberg, sterilization of women

Sepsis experiments (artificially induced)’s+polygal+experiments+and+the+secrecy+of+experiments+in+concentration+camps.&color_setting=C

no. 37
Dr reprimanded for Publication of results because it shows that
‘experiments have been done on prisoners.”

typhoid experiments at Ravensbrueck



nazi dr, sterilization of millions

Dr Pokorny * see bottom of page

Action reinhard(t) completed

Heinrich Himmler on Action reinhard

100 million Reichmarks stolen from the victims of Action Reinhard (t)

Heinrich Himmler on medical experiments

Heinrich Himmler on Mauthausen
experiments on prisoners, natzweiler

mustard gas on wounds
mustard gas on people

Found out that sometimes “Action Reinhard” is also spelled “Action Reinhardt”, aka “Operation Reinhardt”. They all refer to the same 4 camps – Lublin-Majdanek (Maidanek), Sobibor, Treblinka, and Belzec.

Hitler speech, Dec 12 1941, to the Gauleiters, p.212, “The Holocaust on Trial”, Guttenplan. Hitler makes clear his intentions are extermination.

Natzweiler , the Waffen SS left behind a rare document in which, contrary to the coded terminology generally employed by the Nazis, specific mention was made of “the construction of a gas chamber at Struthof.”
source:, wikipedia


The inheritors of IG Farben admit  that there was a death camp at Auschwitz.Birkenau -Monowitz.

*In May 1944, Himmler claimed in a speech that
The Jewish question in Germany and the occupied countries has been solved.
*Dr. Edwin Katzenellenbogen, a former member of the faculty of the Harvard Medical School, asked the court for his death sentence. “You have place the mark of Cain on my forehead,” he exclaimed. “Any physician who committed the crimes I am charged with deserves to be killed.” He was given life imprisonment.

“A lecture at the Berlin Military Medical Academy in May of 1943 given by two of the most notorious of the doctor-killers, Karl Gebhardt and Fritz Fischer, on the subject of gas gangrene experiments on prisoners.”
source: Shirer, Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, pp 979-91 , on the Doctors

“Dr. Ernst Grawitz, SS and Police Gruppenfuehrer (Lt. Colonel) was the top doctor in the SS. He was the one who suggested to Himmler in the summer of 1941 gas chambers as means to the `Final Solution,’ i.e. the mass extermination of Jews. He knew of and kept an executive’s eye on numerous other experiments with human guinea pigs at various concentration camps, for instance body resistance to freezing, jaundice, typhus (research done for I.G. Farben), and the drinkability of sea water. He committed suicide in 1945.”

Extracted from- “WOMEN IN THE RESISTANCE AND IN THE HOLOCAUST: THE VOICES OF EYEWITNESSES” Edited (and with introduction) by Vera Laska. Greenwood Press, Westport London, 1983. LOC 82-12018, ISBN 0-313-23457-4 p. 226
Trial against Doctors specifically mentions “poison”

The Camp Men, by French MacLean, gives ample proof of the crimes of the SS, and their connection to the Drs in the camps. SS trained at Dachau, making it part of the ‘Death Camp system.’

my comment: Courts after the war, including the German-led trials, convicted Nazis after reviewing the evidence of gassing in numerous camps, including Mauthausen and Auschwitz Trials. ‘ No one could have been convicted on a ‘maybe.’ There is conclusive evidence the Nazi doctors sent people to gas chambers, as these trials proved .

Lifton, The Nazi Doctors; also Vivian Spitz, Doctors from Hell (books)

From all the documents and indications available, it is clear that between March 1942 and 28 April 1945, gassings claimed more than five thousand victims at Mauthausen (see note 39). Most of them were Soviet citizens, but there were many Czechs, Slovaks, and Poles as well, and, in the last period of the murders, mostly members of the Austrian resistance, though also Germans, Italians, Yugoslavs, Frenchmen, and citizens of other countries.

from: Nazi Mass Murder, a documentation of use of Poison Gas.

Dr Muench was at Auschwitz, and knew that people were being gassed. (Lifton, the Nazi doctors).

Dr Lolling.­azi_human_experimentation
Many of the subjects died as a result of the experiments conducted by the Nazis, while many others were murdered after the tests were completed to study the effect post mortem.[22] Those who survived were often left mutilated, suffering permanent disability, weakened bodies, and mental distress.[­laus Schilling
Dr Schilling’s malaria experiments on humans at Dachau resulted in 3-400 deaths.

Several Nazi doctors were indeed convicted of Mustard gas experiments.

my comment: The fact is that Nazis did experimentation on humans that led to deaths at Dachau, as proved in the court case against the Head of the German Red Cross, Gebhardt..,+Wolfram+Sievers,+and+SS+Obergruppenfuehrer+Juettner,+enclosing+a+decree+by+Hitler.&color_setting=C

1 Mar 44 Hitler decree, top secret, regarding Chemical weapons program

Proves that Hitler order re: chem experiments, was sent to Brandt, and received by Grawitz.

my comment: This document proves that the Nazis did have Waffen SS drs. working on a typhus vaccine at the Robert Koch Institute; so why didn’t they distribute typhus vaccine to the concentration camp victims? The source is the courtroom testimony of a a secretary to one of the chief Nazi doctors. She states that Himmler had decreed that the prisoners be used instead of animals.

The Prosecutor specified a number of Allied countries from which, he claimed, many of the persons gassed had originated. ** Wilhelm Bahr told how he himself had gassed two hundred Russians. **Pery Broad mentioned Jews from Belgium, Holland, France, Czechoslovakia and Poland, among those gassed at Auschwitz. Also, Gerstein’s report.­nb.htm#Remainingwitz.­yklon-BTrial/Zyklon-095.htm

Trial of IG Farben for zyklon B in camps; also Pohl Case.

Dr Brandt was convicted in the Doctors Trials for having taken part in Himmler and Dr Hirt’s collection of skeletons. The prisoners from whom these skeletons were taken were poisoned in the gas chamber at Natzweiler , France. This testimony and evidence were reviewed by the court. The French police took photographs of the gas chamber.

Nazi Dr Theodor Mollison, d. 1952, racial hygiene and anthropology. Along with Eugen Fischer, one of Mengele’s mentors.

Dr Eduard Krebsbach
English translation

In July 1941, Eduard Krebsbach to his service as a medical officer in the Austrian concentration camp Mauthausen. Property in his position was Krebsbach placed directly under the Office D III (medical care and camp hygiene) of the SS Economic and Administrative Headquarters and had the oversight of the medical care and the entire medical staff of the camp. Krebsbach under the action of certain 14f13 handicapped and sick inmates to the lethal gas injections into the heart. 1942 under his supervision, 900 tubercular Russian, Polish and Czech prisoners were murdered by a syringe. This activity is among the prisoners to him the nickname “Dr. Spritzer”.

Krebsbach was for the installation of a gas chamber in the basement of the infirmary at Mauthausen, and for the purchase of a “special vehicle”, which should replace the practice of death by injection. End of 1942 were gassed in the presence of Dr Krebsbach, 120-130 Czechs because of their involvement in the assassination of the Deputy Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia Reinhard Heydrich.

Due to an incident in which Krebsbach, 22 May 1943 an army of nocturnal holidaymakers due to disturbance was shot outside his house, he was dismissed from his position as chief medical officer of Mauthausen in August 1943 and was disease-Inspector of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania [2].

He was hanged at Nuremberg for these crimes.


Nazi Drs., in German
Auschwitz, zyklon b case
some Nazi scientists:

Bruno Tesch (found guilty; executed)
Joachim Drosihn (found not guilty)
Karl Weinbacher (guilty; executed)

other Nazi Doctors:
German to English translation
Dr. Erich Hippke (* 1888 † 1969) was the Surgeon General. From 1935 to 1944 Chief of Medical Service, the Air Force.
*Never put on trial
Prof. Dr. Erich Hippke (1888-1969):
General Surgeon. From 1935 to 1944
Chief of Medical Service, the Air Force. In
his tenure were the altitude tests. In
Nuremberg only because he was not sitting on the
Dock, allegedly because his stay
was unknown. For him sat his successor,
Surgeon-General Dr. Oskar Schroeder, in
Nuremberg trial. Because involvement in
the sea water drinking tests, Schroeder received a
life imprisonment, which ended in 1954
was. Schroeder became an expert in the U.S.
to the U.S. Air Force.

After 1945 inter alia in West Berlin Dr. Hippke
worked as a doctor.

Dr. Oskar Schroeder

More: German to English translation
05/24/1943 – 05/26/1943 Participants to the 3rd session of the Consultative doctors “in the Academy of Military in Berlin. Dr. Fischer gives a lecture on “Special experiments on sulfonamide-response” (human experiments in the women’s concentration camp Ravensbrück)
01/01/1944 09/30/1944 leaders Reserve (RdLuOb.dL), the Scientific Advisory Board’s representative for health care (durchgebalkt)
30/09/1944 Farewell, then medical officer at AEG in Berlin
1945 in Bavaria “hidden” (source: Ernst Klee)

Authority to issue directives to all luftfahrtmedizinischen Institute
The Board of Trustees of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research

10/10/1942 Thanks Himmler for their support in the human experiments at Dachau

03.06.1943 at SS General and General of the Waffen-SS Karl Wolff:
“All the work in the field of aviation medicine – ie the altitude – were under my supervision in my capacity as scientific director of the German aviation medicine.”

In late 1946, claimed the defense of ex-Field Marshal Erhard Milch, Dr. Friedrich Bergold, and Dr. Fritz Sauter, Defender of the Doctors’ Trial, the Hippke subpoena as a witness. Statement on 07.02.1945 in the process

to 1962 panel doctor (practitioner) in Berlin
thanks to: Dieter Zinke for this info.


**Dr. Pokorny, acquitted of planning sterilization. b. 1895, d. (?)

In October 1941, Pokorny turned in a letter to Himmler, in his capacity as Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German nationality. In her own words must be “Driven by the idea that the enemy not only defeated but destroyed,” [5] He submitted the proposal, sterilization experiments on humans with the South American Schweigrohrpflanze (Caladium make seguinum). Pokorny Himmler pointed to a release of Madaus AG, to this plant. It was Gerhard Madaus discovered that the sap of the Schweigrohrs particularly in animals a permanent sterility caused. [6] He spoke in reference to “three million currently made in German captivity located Bolsheviks” for immediate human attempts to make them “from reproduction” to exclude . not to endanger [7] In the experiment, he gave Himmler the Council to begin immediately with the plant breeding and to allow further Madaus any other publications in order to avoid that the “enemy” would be aware of these plans. [8 ] Himmler pointed Oswald Pohl and Ernst-Robert Grawitz to pursuing Pokorny instructions and to communicate with Madaus friend to “the possibility of criminal attempt to persons who are sterilized in and of itself would have to explore.” However, soon turned out that the plant native to South America due to the climatic conditions too slow and would have no adequate measures can be produced, so they Himmler and its experts for the planned mass sterilizations appeared inappropriate. Nevertheless, Himmler insisted that at least with the already existing substances of plant, carry out experiments in concentration camps. Until the war ended there were no usable results of tests before the Schweigrohrpflanze [9].

Pokorny as a defendant in the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial

Last physician, Pokorny worked in the year 1945 in the health department in Munich. In 1946 he was indicted in the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial. In the group of defendants took Pokorny one as a practicing dermatologist a special position. [10] The only one of them he had not been a member of the Nazi party and never a responsible position had occupied in the hierarchy. [3] defended the process progresses, Pokorny so that the ineffectiveness of the Schweigrohrs was aware and had Himmler by his proposal to the application of proven methods of sterilization to dissuade. He pretended to have provided for the sterilization of programs for Jews and people experienced in the eastern territories .. The plans he had, want to avoid by referring to the Schweigrohrpflanze as a red herring [11].

The court followed the presentation Pokorny not said it yet free:

“We of the defense, which has argued the defendant not impressed and it is hard to believe that he of the noble motives, which he claims was headed when he wrote the letter. Rather, we tend to think that Pokorny wrote the letter for quite different and more personal reasons. […] In the case of Pokorny, it is the prosecution failed to prove his guilt. So monstrous and low, the proposals in this letter are lies, but not the slightest evidence to suggest that any steps have ever been made to bring them through tests on humans to use. We state that the accused must be acquitted not because of, but despite the defense, which he has put forward. “[12]
*He was not convicted.

Dr Bouhler (1899-1945), Philip , Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence, [online], published on 23 February 2009, accessed 1 September 2010, URL :, ISSN 1961-9898

Bouhler was already member of the Nazi party in 1920. He then took Axmann’s function as manager of the party finances. He was one of the putschists of 1923 and became chief of the Führer chancellery in 1934. One of his tasks consisted in writing Hitler’s decrees. Considered as a discreet person, Bouhler was nevertheless one of the most important men in the Nazi state apparatus. He was largely involved in the euthanasia operations practiced in the psychiatric establishments and also in the Eastern territories. Shortly after the invasion of Poland, on September 1, 1939, Hitler named him responsible for the euthanasia operations in a letter that constitutes one of the rare written orders signed by the Führer himself. Bouhler was the coordinator of the whole operation but delegated its working process to Victor Brack. The euthanasia program was called “T4” because the head office was located at number 4 in the Tiergartenstrasse. After the suspension of the operation, a major part of the staff was sent to death centers located in the Eastern territories and operated within the Reinhard Action. Later on, Bouhler advised Himmler during the gassing operations of the action 14f13. Goebbels, in his diary, confirmed that Bouhler was the right person at the right place. Bouhler committed suicide a few hours before the allied forces arrived.

Arad, Y., Gutman, Y., Margaliot, A. (Eds.), 1981, Documents on the Holocaust, Selected Sources on the Destruction of the Jews of Germany and Austria, Poland and the Soviet Union, Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, Document nº. 212, pp. 471-473.

German to English translation
Camp doctor in concentration and extermination camps

Dr. Entress, son of an employee of the Poznan University Library, completed a medical and joined in November 1939, the Waffen-SS (membership number at 352 124). In 1943 he was promoted to SS Captain. His service began as a camp doctor on 3 January 1941 in Gross-Rosen concentration camp. There practiced Entress the activities of the medical officer to 10 From December 1941. From December 1941 to October 1943 was Entress camp doctor in Auschwitz III Monowitz. In Auschwitz, together with proven Entress Hellmuth cousin and Eduard Wirths on behalf of the Group IG Colors on prisoners, the safety and efficacy of new pharmaceutical products. In many cases, the detainees for the investigation were infected with diseases. Entress was probably from May 1942 to command incurable mentally ill, incurable tuberculosis and to permanently unfit for work by killing injections. From autumn 1942, also fell ill prisoners killed, within four weeks were recovered.

His Ph.D. in 1942 without the presentation of a dissertation by a Regulation concerning the preferred treatment of persons from the so-called Eastern Territories [1].

From 21 October 1943 until 25 July 1944 was in the Austrian concentration camp doctor Entress Gusen, a sub-camp of Mauthausen concentration camp. 1944 Entress returned back to the Gross-Rosen concentration camp, from January 1945 to the end of the war, he served as physician of the 9th Division SS-Division Hohenstaufen at the front.

Process and sentencing
1946 was negotiated against Frederick Entress in the Mauthausen main process, one of the Dachau Trials, before a U.S. military court. Entress was in the course of his career as a camp doctor in the concentration camp accused Chancellor 1943-1944, to have been responsible, together with the medical officer Waldemar Wolter for the selection of sick inmates to be gassed. Entress was on 14 April 1947 an affidavit (Document No. NO 2368, Office of Chief of Counsel for War Crimes) from the selections of the detainees after their arrival in Auschwitz, the facilities for the gasification of the prisoners and the killings by injections.

Entress appealed to obey orders and did not as a witness on its own behalf. On 13 May 1946 Entress found guilty along with 57 co-defendants sentenced to death. Following the dismissal of a petition for clemency to his wife he was on 28 May 1947 in Landsberg prison for war criminals executed.

“The Dutch medical establishment would not give in…” to performing Euthanasia.

THREE IGF board,
Heinrich Horlein d.
Wurster, Karl
Wilhelm Rudolf Mann
d. 1992

All acquitted
Joachim Drosihn, acquitted
Adolf Butendandt , d. 1995. Not proved to have done anything wrong
But did give recommendation to Dr Verschuer
Dr Victor Capesius
July 2, 1907, Reußmarkt / Transylvania – 20 March 1985, Göppingen)
The Doctor of Pharmacy found a job at a subsidiary of IG Farben, married in 1934, and went to Transylvania doctors and pharmacists to sell the products of his company. The pharmaceutical representatives got to know people to whom he in the summer of 1944 on the ramp

The site along railroad tracks, where the Jews were deported to Auschwitz selected, then “ramp” is mentioned. In Auschwitz there was for the transportation of the → Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) with Jews from all over Europe, two ramps selection: the → “Old ramp” and the → New ramp. Birkenau

:: Since October 1941 by the SS as a “prisoner of war camp” called Birkenau camp was built, which was to continually expanded in 1944. In the camp at Birkenau and since mid-1942 four crematoria were built with gas chambers, which were the places of extermination.
should meet again. After the Vienna Award in 1940 Transylvania became part of Hungary and the Romanian citizens Capesius went to Bucharest from the Romanian army and did his military service. The rank of captain in the Romanian army service he did and led the hospital pharmacy of an army site. Meanwhile, he went to August 1943, working as a representative of IG Farben

:: The company “community of interest Farben” built east of town since April 1941, the Auschwitz a plant for the production of synthetic rubber (Buna →) and synthetic fuel. The Group and the staff employed by contractors charged him thousands of civil and eastern workers, prisoners of war and concentration camp prisoners. Since the end of October 1942, immediately adjacent to the premises a proprietary concentration camp, which was administered by the → SS. In Stock Buna / Monowitz end 1944 10,000 prisoners were housed, had to pay for IG Farben slave labor.

Under an agreement between Germany and Romania, the ethnic German Capesius in the late summer of 1943, drafted into Hitler’s army, and performed in Central Medical Store service in Warsaw, Berlin and Dachau. Even at his first stop in Warsaw, Capesius was placed under the Waffen SS and was awarded the rank of the approximation so-called SS-Hauptsturmführer. Now term as the Waffen-SS member, he was of his superiors, the SS Economic Administration Main Office

:: In 1942, formed from several administrative bodies of the SS Economic Administration Main Office (SS-WVHA) was in charge of the concentration camp.
ordered and sent to Oranienburg in early 1944 to Auschwitz. Capesius should aid the ailing head of the SS pharmacy

:: In the department that was responsible for the medical care of the SS personnel and prisoners from camps in the Division V: SS garrison doctor, there was a pharmacy, were maintained in drug and medical equipment. ***The SS-Pharmacy in Auschwitz had the peculiarity that there encamped also the means by which people were killed. It was → → phenol and Zyklon B. The head of the SS-pharmacy in the summer of 1944, the defendant Dr. Victor Capesius has, according to an official meeting, which the superior of the SS medical personnel, SS medical officer Dr. Eduard Wirths conducted in May 1944, also called “service” done on the ramp. “Ramp services” was: Implementation of the → selections. represented by Auschwitz.

The death of the chief pharmacist in February 1944 Capesius unexpectedly made him the lead of the agency. Until the stock clearance in January 1945 Capesius remained in that capacity.

The flight from the Red Army ended for him in the capital Berlin, the war he lived in Schleswig-Holstein, where he was in British captivity. dismissed after a year Capesius went to Stuttgart and began studying electrical engineering at the Technical University of. In Munich to visit him again saw an Auschwitz survivor who later process-Leon Czekalski witness on the street and pointed to the former SS Major leaders of Auschwitz. The American military police intervened and Capesius was being held in detention camps in Dachau and Ludwigsburg.

Since he believes the American body had no crimes to prove it, the Americans let him off during August 1947. Capesius found employment in his profession at a Stuttgart pharmacy, made himself independent in October 1950 and acquired the pharmacy market in Göppingen. In Reutlingen later he ran a beauty salon. Most recently, the successful businessman 12 employees and in 1958 a turnover of DM 400,000.
In early December 1959, Capesius arrested in Göppingen. His detention lasted eight years.

Even before the Assize Court ruling became final in August 1965, February 1969, sentenced to nine years in prison Capesius came in January 1968 released from custody. Göppingen citizens know to report the murder to aid in four cases at least 2000 people Persons judged – was welcomed on the day of his release from prison when visiting a city concert with applause – as stated in the Tribunal’s ruling. His business had had Capesius his wife, himself a pharmacist, overwritten.

So he spent 3 years in prison, and had been detained for ten years total. Yet he states he was on the ramp doing ‘selections’ for the gas chamber.
Helmut Poppendick
The court considered it proven that Helmut Poppendick knew about almost all the experiments that were conducted in the era of National Socialism in concentration camps on prisoners, had knowledge, but saw no criminally relevant responsibility given [7].

After being released on 1 February 1951 worked from the Prison Landsberg Poppendick as an internist in Oldenburg, 1957 with cash approval.

Another Nazi doctor who got away with it. Lived till 1994 in Germany, free.­yklon-BTrial/Zyklon-095.htm

Trial of IG Farben for zyklon B in camps; also Pohl Case.


Natzweiler , the Waffen SS left behind a rare document in which, contrary to the coded terminology generally employed by the Nazis, specific mention was made of “the construction of a gas chamber at Struthof.”

source:, wikipedia


Finally, the inheritors of IG Farben Company admit that there was a death camp at Auschwitz.Birkenau -Monowitz.

Participation in the T4-action [edit]
Conti was one of the persons, which was in January 1940 at the old Brandenburg prison, the killing of people in a gas chamber and for comparison purposes with the killing presented injections. Conti should have made it even injections. [7] This so-called “Brandenburg test gassing” was part of the preparation of the Action T4, the mass killing of sick and disabled. In addition to the “euthanasia” programs, Leonardo Conti was also involved in typhus experiments at Buchenwald concentration camp. [3]


Auschwitz trial; the absurdity of Justice; Weiszacker

Not sure if any charges were brought against, or needed to be brought against:
Wilhelm Ohnesorge d. 1962 , worked on nuclear development.

This is contradicted not only by statements from former prisoners and Auschwitz commandant himself. The basic German document on crematorium output, prepared by the Central Construction Board in Auschwitz on June 28, 1943, states that the five crematoria in the Auschwitz and Birkenau camps, together, can burn 4,756 corpses in a 24-hour period. This document indicates that the Birkenau crematoria could burn 1.6 million bodies per year.source: Auschwitz Museum, on Denial

…”These figures were then reported by telegram to the official bookkeeper stationed in the Imperial Security Authority (Reichssicherheithauptamt: RSHA) and responsible for recording the mass murder. He logged the total number of deportees, the number of detainees brought to the camp and the number of those gassed.” (RsHa) (ibid)

“In about 900 days more than 600 death trains with over one million Jews and 20,000 Sinti and Roma arrived in Auschwitz. The SS was involved in mass extermination day after day—day and night.” Auschwitz Researcher, Werner Renz (ibid)
Forty years since the Frankfurt Auschwitz trial
Part one—a belated inquiry

By Sybille Fuchs
27 April 2004
The following is the first in a three-part series of articles.

Judge: Did you see anything of the camp?

2nd witness: Nothing
I was just glad to get out of there

Judge: Did you see the chimneys
At the end of the platform
Or the smoke and glare?

2nd witness: Yes
I saw the smoke

Judge: And what did you think?

2nd witness: I thought those must be the bakeries
I had heard
They baked bread in there day and night
After all it was a big camp

(The Investigation by Peter Weiss, Frankfurt 1965)

An exhibition commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Auschwitz trial opened on March 27 in the House of Gallus in Frankfurt-Main. On display is material from the Fritz-Bauer-Institute documenting the “Trial against Mulka and others”. A DVD edition of the trial protocols has also recently been issued.

The Auschwitz hearings marked the first time some of the individuals responsible for the Nazis’ machinery of extermination were brought before courts in the former German Federal Republic. The court case opened on December 23, 1963, in the Römer, Frankfurt’s town hall, nearly 20 years after the end of World War II and the Nuremberg Trials, and ended on August 19, 1965.

As is well known, the response of German courts to the Nazi regime and its monstrous crimes is one of the most disgraceful episodes in West German justice. Opposition to trials of this kind was widespread in the 1950s and 60s within Germany’s legal and political elite.

None of Auschwitz’s three leading concentration camp commanders were still alive at the start of the trial. Rudolf Höss and Arthur Liebehenschel had been tried and executed in Poland in 1947, in accordance with an agreement made between the Allied forces. Others who bore chief responsibility, like the notorious concentration camp Doctor Mengele, were able to flee and remain in hiding in South America. Richard Baer, the last camp commandant of Auschwitz, declined to give any testimony during the preliminary investigations to the Frankfurt proceedings. He died in detention while investigations were pending and all legal action against him was dropped. The Frankfurt trials were therefore only concerned with some lower level assistants to these camp commanders.

But it was perhaps precisely because the trial did not deal only with leading members of the SS, but with their underlings, that the case and the detailed media coverage that accompanied it provided West Germans with their first comprehensive picture of the seemingly banal daily routine of the ghastly extermination machinery at Auschwitz. The trial, thereby, played a significant role in politicizing West German youth.

That West Germans began to closely follow the Auschwitz hearings was largely due to the testimony of 359 witnesses from 19 countries, including 211 camp survivors. The trial, which required witnesses to recall the terrible events with the precision that is required in a criminal prosecution, often put excessive demands on the survivors. The accused, flanked by their defenders on benches normally occupied by the town councilors, were, for the most part, indifferent to the proceedings.

Behind them, in front of high windows, hung two large display boards depicting sketches of Auschwitz I (the main concentration camp) and Auschwitz II (the extermination camp at Birkenau). With the magistrates sat the assize court, at that time three professional judges and six magistrates sworn in as jurors. Judge Hans Hofmeyer chaired the proceedings.

The trial was scheduled to last 20 months and commenced in the Römer hall, at the time the only venue in Frankfurt capable of holding those involved in the proceedings. In the spring of 1964, hearings were moved to the Bürgerhaus Gallus, built especially for that purpose, and where they were continued until the trial’s conclusion. Approximately 20,000 visitors attended the proceedings over the ensuing months.

Six of the accused were given life sentences on charges of murder or for being jointly responsible for murder, and eleven received maximum sentences of 14 years imprisonment. Three were acquitted due to insufficient evidence and two of the accused were not put on trial because of illness or death. The challenge facing the judges was to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that each of the accused was individually complicit in the crimes. This difficult standard was also the reason for the relatively mild sentences, which were considered inadequate by many of the surviving victims of Nazism.

Of the more than 6,000 (other sources say 8,000) former members of the SS who guarded Auschwitz between 1940 to 1945, only 22 came before the Frankfurt court, among them a former “operative prisoner” or so-called “kapo”. In the 20 months of court proceedings, those accused showed no trace of insight or regret.

The sentences bore no relation to the crimes for which the perpetrators were individually or jointly guilty. At least three million Jews and a similar number of political prisoners, Sinti, gypsies or homosexuals were sent to be gassed in Auschwitz or [other camps and who] died through forced labour, starvation and cold, bestial medical experiments, arbitrary beatings or shootings. The camps were located throughout Germany. Birkenau extermination camp alone could accommodate 100,000 prisoners.

The road to the trial

The fact that the trial even occurred was the outcome of two more or less accidental and not immediately connected events. As Werner Renz of the Fritz-Bauer-Institute explained in a recent essay, if circumstances had been only slightly different, “the Auschwitz trial would not have occurred forty years ago”.[1]

Adolf Roegner, a former Auschwitz inmate and a kapo, was also a Bruchsal prisoner convicted of “perjury and making false statements while not under oath”. In a letter to Stuttgart’s attorney general dated March 1, 1958, he referred to Wilhelm Boger, a former member of the Auschwitz camp Gestapo. In this letter he accused Boger of crimes in Auschwitz, and cited Boger’s home address and workplace.

The authorities hesitated to act, but two months later, after representations from International Auschwitz Committee General Secretary Hermann Langbein, whom Roegner had also contacted, investigations commenced. In his interrogation Roegner named other members of the Auschwitz SS. Finally an arrest warrant was issued against Wilhelm Boger, but it was not until October 8, 1958, seven months later, that he was arrested at his workplace. Those accused by Roegner—Stark, Broad and Dylewski—were taken into investigative custody in April 1959.

Independently, Frankfurter Rundschau reporter Thomas Gnielka sent documents to Hessen Attorney General Fritz Bauer in mid-January, 1959. Gnielka received the material from Frankfurt resident Emil Wulkan, another concentration camp survivor. Wulkan had originally taken possession of the documents from a burning SS court at Breslau in May 1945. He showed them to Gnielka in December 1958, while making a reparation application. The journalist identified them as Auschwitz execution files.

The documents, which were from Auschwitz concentration camp commandants and members of the SS and XV Breslau police courts from 1942, listed prisoners shot during alleged escape attempts. Thirty-seven SS members involved in the shootings, including Stefan Baretzki, were also named. In order to give these killings the appearance of legality, the victims were found guilty according to existing regulations and their SS murderers duly acquitted.

Attorney General Fritz Bauer used the documents to establish Frankfurt-Main county court jurisdiction over the Auschwitz-complex—a move finally accepted by the national court in April 1959. Only then was it possible to systematically initiate preliminary investigations and arrest the Auschwitz criminals.

Bauer, a social democrat who had been forced to flee Germany because of his politics and his Jewish origin, was one of the few jurors of the former Federal Republic who attempted to seriously prosecute those responsible for the Nazi crimes. Having previously encountered a wall of resistance to his endeavours, he now seized the opportunity to get the trial underway.

Bauer wanted to turn the proceedings into an investigation of the “Final solution to the Jewish question” which had been implemented by the Nazis in Auschwitz. He therefore tried to involve experts from the Institute for Contemporary History in Munich. For him the main consideration was not the sentencing of individual perpetrators, but providing a historical clarification of what had taken place. The trial definitively revealed the claims by the extreme right that no one was ever gassed in Auschwitz to be the foulest of historical falsifications.

A young Christian Democratic Union state representative from Mainz by the name of Helmut Kohl, who later acknowledged that “thankfully he was born too late,” opposed Bauer, arguing that the fall of the so-called Third Reich was too recent and therefore prevented an historical judgment being made “of National Socialism”. Kohl, the longtime Federal Republic chancellor and immediate predecessor of Gerhard Schröder, articulated a view that was broadly held in political circles within the Federal Republic.

Fascism & the Holocaust:
A critical review of Daniel Goldhagen’s Hitler’s Willing Executioners
[17 April 1997]

1. 40 Years Auschwitz-Trial: An unwanted proceedings by Werner Renz,

source: World Socialist web site *1( source of footnote)

The Quandts

Silence of the Quandts: The history of a wealthy German family
A documentary film by Eric Friedler and Barbara Siebert
By Emma Bode and Brigitte Fehlau
29 November 2008

A remarkable film, The Silence of the Quandts, which won the Hans Joachim Friedrichs prize for television journalism, deals with the unscrupulous rise of one of Germany’s richest and most influential families. The Quandts own 46.6 percent of the auto manufacturer BMW, have an estimated fortune of €20 billion and are implicated in the crimes of Hitler’s Nazi regime. Today, against the background of a financial and economic crisis that evokes the events of the 1930s, the film is of particular relevance.

[allegedly] The Quandts owe their wealth directly to their support of the Nazi regime and the bloody exploitation in the concentration camps—something the family is unwillingly to discuss. No family member has ever been indicted for the crimes that occurred in their company-owned concentration camps, nor has the family paid any compensation to the victims who survived.

The documentary, directed by Eric Friedler and Barbara Siebert, recounts the history of this family and the origins of their fabulous wealth. The filmmakers undertook extensive research between 2002 to 2007 in various German and foreign archives, uncovering documents that would have provided sufficient grounds for an indictment at the Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal for crimes against humanity. Benjamin Ferencz, a lawyer and former prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials, who was shown all the documents, expresses his conviction that the evidence was sufficient for a prosecution and expresses his regret that the Quandts evaded punishment.

In 1943, and with direct support from the SS, the Quandts were able to establish a company-owned concentration camp directly alongside their battery works in Hanover. KZ (Concentration Camp) Hanover, a satellite of KZ Neuengamme, exploited the labour of both Jews and resistance fighters, as well as forced labour from France and Czechoslovakia. Prisoners from the KZ Neuengamme were selected for hard labour at the Quandt battery works.
More on the trials.

new :
Ernst von Weizsäcker (right) was apparently Hitler’s desire to Weizsäcker on the 24th March 1937 appointed as Secretary. A year later, on 1 April 1938, was Weizsäcker First Secretary of the Foreign Office. At the same time he was the Nazi party with the PG-No. 4814617 joined.

The SS honor leaders were conducted in-service book of the SS (Weizsäcker as SS man No. 293 291), without having to be turned gistered member of the SS.

In March and June 1942, written by von Weizsäcker, Franz Rademacher, head of the “Jewish section” in the Foreign Office, on “Future action against hybrids grade I and II” [6] and the “question of sterilization of the 70 000 half-breeds” [7] informed.

Despite apparently serious differences with his boss, Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop, to whom he owed his career so far, Weizsäcker remained until 1943 in this function. Then he resigned. His successor as Secretary of State on 31 March 1943, the previous Assistant Secretary *Gustav Adolf Steengracht of Moyland (d 1969 amnestied). *

Weizsacker was on 24 June 1943 in the face of imminent defeat at his own request (as the first and only German SS officer) to the German ambassador to the * Holy See in Rome appointed. With the liberation of Rome in June 1944, the German embassy was moved to the Vatican, where Weizsaker remained even after the surrender of Germany until August 1946. Even after the war, in September 1945, he argued that Germany had “opened in the east the boundaries too far” in the 1920s. ? had “attracted many Jews inflation” and that they had “developed into a great power.” [8]

To Pope Pius XII. and **Father Robert Leiber (d. 1967, “Ratlines” ), he had claims to an amicable relationship.

Heinrich Ernst von Weizsacker first went voluntarily under the papal protection and commitments made by France as an independent witness to Nuremberg, where he was arrested in July 1947 by the Americans. In Nuremberg – the so-called Wilhelmstrasse process – he was indicted as war criminal.

Weizsacker was defended by Hellmut Becker and Warren Magee. On 6 February 1948 Others questioned the diplomat and jurist Otto groom as a witness. [9] On 14 April 1949 Weizsacker for his active involvement in the deportation of French Jews to Auschwitz, denouncing a crime against humanity due to 5 years in prison. He was on **16 October 1950 from the War Crimes Landsberg prison in the wake of a general amnesty released. [10] the court were on the date of the appeal before but not all known documents. His son, Richard von Weizsacker was in the process find Sigismund von Braun for his help defense and pleaded, as then, all the defenders to the utter ignorance and virtual innocence of his father. He said the sentence later still as “historically and morally unjust.” [11]

**Ernst von Weizsäcker deportation orders had been signed for French Jews to the Auschwitz concentration camp. [12] In court, he defended himself by arguing that eligible Jews were interned and in danger was. We could have very easily come to the conclusion that they would run in the deportation to the East less danger than their present residence; at that time had the name Auschwitz meant for anyone nothing special. The judges, however, doubted this representation.

To maintain its strategy, learn of the death camps after the war and the veiled language of “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” and the “shift in the East” not viewed to have been used by most former employees of the Foreign Office. However, there are indications of the existing knowledge of the criminal actions of the Nazi regime against Jews, for example, the lecture notes of 10 December 1941 the Undersecretary of State Luther, participants of the Wannsee Conference. These he had prepared for action by the task forces for the Foreign Minister.

**Weizsacker has taken note of and provided with his initials. The report of “Judaism” contains the following:

“In the realm Ostland was […] an arrest campaign of all Jews […] started, […] about 2,000 […]. The male Jews over 16 years old, with the exception of the doctors and elders of the Jews executed […]. In Ukraine, as retaliation for the arson in Kiev where even all the Jews were arrested and the end of September this year a total executed more than 33 000 Jews. In Zhitomir more than 3,000 Jews were shot to prevent the incitement of sabotage by her. In the area east of the Dnieper approximately 5,000 Jews were shot. ”

Which the Activity and Management Report No. 6 of the Einsatzgruppen was attached. There you will find the following passage:

“The solution to the Jewish question in particular in the area east of the Dnieper by the Einsatzgruppen of the Security Police and SD taken vigorously addressed. The command of the newly occupied areas were made free of Jews. While 4891 Jews were liquidated. ”

In 1950 he published his memoirs written in prison, in which he sought to justify his role during the Nazi era and highlighting his achievements as a “man of resistance. ” [liar]

On 4 August 1951 Weizsäcker died at a hospital in Lindau on Lake Constance a stroke.
of possible interest:

Primacy: How the Institutional Roman Catholic Church became a Creature of the New World Order.[15]
Malachi Martin, Dr.


Ludwig Kaas
Later that month, from 15 March, he was the main advocate supporting the Hitler administration’s Enabling Act in return for certain constitutional and, allegedly [9] ecclesiatic guarantees.Heinrich Brüning, who denounced Kaas in his own memoirs written in exile and not undisputed among historians.[15]Josef Müller d. 1979 Resistance to Hitler, a Bavarian lawyer, would travel to Rome from Berlin with instructions from Hans Oster or Hans von Dohnanyi (also Resistance to Hitler)

Pasqualina Lehnert, helped Jews and refugees. and Augustin Bea,(1968) helped influence Vat II.The Church and the Jewish People (New York: Harper & Row, 1966).


01/01/2011 Arlt
Dr. Fritz Arlt, * 12.04.1912 Niedercunnersdorf (Ostodergebiet).(d 2004!)

15.06.1936 – 00.02.1941 (until 1937 at first deputy) Gauamtsleiter the Race Policy Office of the NSDAP Gau Schlesien (Breslau).
1938 habilitation (university teacher) with the “elaboration”: “People’s biological studies on the Jews in Leipzig”. Because of the metaphysical interpretive standard (“metaphysical interpretation pattern”) this concoction to the history of the political anthropology (“the history of political anthropology”) was not allowed to publication.
1938 Representative of the race circuit Policy Office in the district of Saxony.
1938 in the Department of the Higher SS and Police Leader South (SS-group leader Erich von dem Bach-Zalewski), Breslau.
1939 Lecturer in teaching and population statistics at the University of Breslau.
1939 / 1940 on the staff of Oberost (Colonel-General Johannes Blaskowitz) in the Polish campaign.
00.11.1939 leader of the department for policy of population and welfare (Head of Population and Welfare, responsible for Jewish affairs), concerning Jewish affairs, in the reign of the General Government.
00.11.1939 also leader of the administration of the psychiatry in Kobierzyn near Krakau. Admonition by RFSS Himmler following his initiative for the establisment of “Volksgruppenvertretungen” in the Generalgouvernement.
00.08.1940 Commissioner of RFSS as Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German nationality () in Katowice, then leader of the Central Institute for Regional Research.
11/01/1941 joins the SS (Membership 367 768)
01.11.1941 SS-Sturmbannführer
09.11.1941 SS-Obersturmbannführer
00.00.1941 his appointment to Professor at the university of Posen (Posanje) was cancelled by the Rassenpolitisches Amt der NSDAP.
1943: participation in duty Eastern Front (probably SS-Untersturmführer d.R., with HSSPF Nord, according to John P. Moore; then: SS-Obersturmführer d.R., IVa (Intendant), I. / Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment 45 (estn. Nr. 1) in der 20. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (estn. Nr. 1)).
Since the end of 1943 also: the Chief of Joint Staff Policy (Gottlob Berger * dead) in the RMfdbO (Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories).
1944: severely wounded and:
00.07.1944 – 00.05.1945 leader of the Department of DI 5, respectively. Chief of Office D III (voluntary control center east) in the SS Main Office (Gottlob Berger).
Directly he began to demand “Ostexperten“ for his department, i.e. specialists for Ukraine, Weißruthenien, Poland, Kaukasus, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Arabia. He planned volunteer-units (not as an Great-Russian formation) of Eastern Europe.
00.07.1944: The commander of the 1 Cossack Division, Lt. Gen. Helmuth von Pannwitz met, Arlt for the first time, in order to Achieve a “cooperative relationship” of his unit with the Waffen-SS. The Competent General of voluntary associations, general of cavalry Ernst August Kostring what not able to help with equipment and armaments for the Cossacks, but he commended to contact Arlt.
01/14/1945 Head of the Department of DI 5 (SS-Oststelle) in the SS Main Office.
At last Verbindungsführer zur 14. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (ukrain. Nr. 1).

In the Generalgouvernement Arlt was engaged in “evacuating“ the jews.
In November 1940 ******he proposed the enlargement of the KZ Auschwitz.
After the WW II Arlt was head of the Tracing Service of the *****German Red Cross.
1954-1975 Head of the Department of Education and socio-political issues “at the Institute of German Economy, Cologne (Germany Industry Institute).
Deputy Chairman of the German-French Youth Office.

03/01/1935 – 21/09/1936 Deputy Director General, and specialized training for racial issues in the district office of the Leipzig circle of the Nazi Party;

00.09.1936 Assistent an der Universität Breslau;
…. [postwar]
00.00.1965 member of the Youth Board of Trustees of the Federal Government,
00.00.1965 alternate member of the board of the German-French Youth Office ”
00.00.1968 Scientific Advisory Board of the Max-beam foundation of the Union for Education and Science;
Arlt signed death warrants for the Jews.

In July 1944 the III section of the SS-Fuehrungshauptamt in Berlin under Dr.Fritz Arlt was created specially for dealing with the Eastern volunteer formations of the Waffen-SS.

Wilhelm Hintersatz, dead 1963? military advisor of Enver-Pasha during WWI and SS liaison officer to the Mufti of Jerusalem, who had taken on a Muslim name, Harun-al-Rashid-Beck.

(my note: Some units of the Crimean SS were involved in the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto. Might have been listed as Ukrainians)
*General Heer was a fanatical Jew-baiter. Never condemned.
Only his division ( ID ) killed 19.000 victims (without having expressly the order by a Higher Command),
mostly Jews, also in ghettos, between 01.10.1941 until the end of December 1941
in the area Berück Mitte in the Eastern Front.
Occasionally an infamous Reserve-Polizei-Bataillon was also under his control.
Book on Nazi crimes perpetrated by the Wehrmacht.

Between 1942 and 1944, Maly Trostinez , Belarus: 40000-60000 people murdered, overwhelmingly Jewish . Some researchers therefore call the camp as “extermination camp.” Some were sent from Europe.

SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei
Walter Schimana d. 1948

Otto Bräutigam (14 May 1895 – 30 April 1992) was a German diplomat and lawyer, who worked for the Auswärtiges Amt as well as the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories of Alfred Rosenberg in Nazi Germany. In this position Bräutigam was involved in the holocaust. After the end of World War II he joined the Auswärtiges Amt of West Germany.

German Commanders linked with Russian units:

SS-Brigadeführer Christoph Diehm d. 1960
SS-Obersturmbannführer Hans Siegling (b. 1912..)
SS-Hauptsturmführer Albert Löffler
SS-Sturmbannführer Franz Henningfeld
SS-Brigadeführer Peter Hansen d. 1967
SS-Standartenführer Gustav Lombard (d 1992)
SS-Oberführer Constantin Heldmann d. 1965

Boris Alexeyevich Smyslovsky (also Smyslovsky-Holmston and Holmston-Smyslovsky) (3 December 1897 – 5 September 1988) was a Russian general, émigré, and anti-communist. His pseudonyms were Artur Holmston and von Regenau. He commanded the pro-Nazi collaborationist 1st Russian National Army during World War II


Baltic Unit : for the destruction of the Jewish population in the area of Novogrudok involved soldiers and officers, 36 Police Battalion, formed in early 1942 by volunteers in Estonia (Tartu, Kuressaare, Hiiumaa, Saaremaa). According to the testimony of former detainees after the war protesters, August 3-4, the entire 36-Police Battalion was sent to Belarus, where the station Navaelnya unload it, was sent to the Novogrudok and placed in barracks on the outskirts of the city. Mass executions by soldiers of the battalion were carried out in the Novogrudok Navaelnya station and near the village Dyatlovo, at 20-30 kilometers from the Novogrudok.

German scholar, Christian Gerlach in the monograph “Costed Death” (1999) in “The deportation of foreign Jews in Belarus” has described a policy of destruction of the Jews deported from Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic [120]. More than 35,000 Jews from Germany and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia were deported to the Minsk ghetto [37].

German historian Monica Kingreen says that within 11 months of 1941-1942 from 250 European settlements in Minsk was deported 15,500 Jews, of whom only 500 survived. These data provided the basis Belarusian historian Kuzma Kozak argued that in this period, Minsk was the “principal place of destruction” [119].

In 1943, an armed uprising in the ghetto Glubokoe [124] [128]:

The uprising began on Aug. 19, 1943, organized by Comrade. Lieberman. Prearranged signal all rushed to the breakthrough of barbed wire fence. Began a battle with the Germans and the police. First of all grenades were thrown at the machine-gun nests, the sentries on the towers, a police station. The Germans were stunned by such actions and opened artillery fire, tanks approached, but nothing could keep this onslaught, the Jews resisted, and one bunker the Germans could not take the whole day … were killed and wounded 100 Nazis. Part of the Jews went into the woods, and most were shot. Died a heroic death and the organizer of the uprising Comrade. Lieberman

– NARB, fund 750, inventory 1, storage unit 231, p.23-25


General Michał Vituška (Belarusian Міхал Вітушка; 5 November 1907 Nesvizh — 16 April 2006, Munich) was a Belarusian politician and Nazi collaborationist during World War II.

Ivan Yermachenka (Belarusian: Іван Ермачэнка, May 13, 1894 – February 25, 1970) was a Belarusian politician, diplomat and writer.

Yermachenka came to the German-occupied Minsk to create the Belarusian Self-Help, the only legal Belarusian organization at that time. He later became **advisor to Wilhelm Kube, the German Generalkomissar of Belarus (killed by a Partisan).

In spring of 1943 Yermachenka was dismissed from all his posts as a result of an operation of the SS and the German police against Kube. On April 27, 1943 he was expelled to Prague where he was arrested by the Gestapo in relation to the assassination of Kube. In early 1945 Yermachenka went to Germany.

In 1948 Yermachenka emigrated to the USA where he worked as doctor. He was one of the founders of the United Belarusian-American Help Committee in South River, New Jersey and an active member of the Belarusian community in the United States. He died in Florida in 1970
Participated in the Holocaust?
Many of former Belarusian Nazis are now buried in a South River Belarusian graveyard, including Radaslau Astrouski, Emanuel Jasiuk.

Radasłaŭ Astroŭski (25 October 1887, Zapolle, Russian Empire – 17 October 1976, South River, NJ, United States) (Belarusian: Радаслаў Астроўскі; Polish: Radosław Ostrowski) was a Belarusian nationalist political activist and political leader, notably serving as president of the Belarusian Central Rada, a puppet Belarusian government under German administration in 1943-1944.

Kurt von Gottberg, d. 1945? Suicide?
Franz Kushel. (alive as of 1998?) same as 😕
Franz (Frantisek) Kushel (belor. Franz (Frantsіshak), Kushal (February 16, 1895, Pershai village near Minsk – May 1969?, USA) – Belarusian nationalist, political and military figure.

Dmitry Kasmovich.
Michas Vitushka.

Belarusian political leaders (some included below this list with names translated)

*Radasłaŭ Astroŭski, Mayor of Smolensk and later the President of Belarusian Central Rada
*Jury Sabaleŭski, Major of Baranavičy and Vice-President of the Belarusian Central Council
Priest Mikałaj Łapicki, Orthodox priest and Editor-in-Chief of the Ranica newspaper
Vacłaŭ Ivanoŭski, “Alderman of Minsk“ [Vatslau Ivanouski]
Ivan Jermačenka (also known as “Herr Jawohl”), local political adviser
Stanisłaŭ Stankievič, Mayor of Barysaŭ
Emmanuel Jasiuk, Mayor of Klecak
Jaŭchim (Joachim) Kipel, president of the Second All-Belarusian Rada Congress
Ivan Kasiak, Belarusian provincial governor
Jury Bartyševič, Minister of Administration of occupational Astroŭski government
Anton Adamovič, member in self-help Belarusian organization
Mikoła Abramčyk, Intelligence Minister in Astroŭski government
Stanisłaŭ Hrynkievič
Minsk Ordnungspolizei Eberhard Herf, (d. 194x)
Artur Wilke,

George Albert William Heuser (* February 27 1913 in Berlin , † January 30th 1989 in Koblenz ) was a German criminologist , as SS Lieutenant Head of Division IV when the commander of the Security Police and SD (detachments) in Minsk and head of state police Rheinland-Pfalz (LKA) in Koblenz.

Otto Bradfisch (* 10. Mai 1903 in Zweibrücken; † 22. Juni 1994 in Seeshaupt)
Gustav Hermann Sorge (* 24. April 1911 in Roniken, Schlesien; † 1978) war SS-Hauptscharführer und Kriegsve; died in prison

German historian Hannes Heer ( Eng. ) article “The Wehrmacht and the Holocaust.” Heer said that they were not counter-insurgency operations, and the mass killings of civilians, and points to the cruelty and sadism inherent in the German armed forces [26] [96] .

Maj. Antanas Impulyavichyus (Antonas Impuliavicius). Was living in Philadelphia.
Maj Rubenis, Latvian (Fridrichs Rubenis? d. 1945)

During the German occupation in Belorussia were deported about 90,000 Jews from Austria , Germany , Hungary , Netherlands , Poland , France , the Czech Republic and Slovakia . Almost all were killed. The destruction was carried out in some settlements

Both the Krasnodar and Khar’kov trials omitted mention of the Nazi murder of Jews. Although by 1943 the Holocaust had become common knowledge and the ESC possessed massive evidence of the scope of the genocide, the tribunals referred to the executions of Jews as “massacres of Soviet citizens.” The indictment in Khar’kov referred to the ghettoization of Jews as the “forceful resettlement of Soviet citizens” to the outskirts of the city. 27 The omission of mention of the Holocaust from the hearings in Krasnodar and Khar’kov reflected the Allies’ ambiguous attitude towards the murder [End Page 6] of Jews. The Moscow Declaration, for example, mentioned the Holocaust only in passing as “crimes committed against Poland.” For the United States and Britain, as for the Soviet Union, the main task of the war was to defeat Germany, and therefore the notion of the Germans as the aggressors received much more attention from politicians in the West than did war crimes and crimes against humanity. 28 Similarly, the Soviet government considered Jewish-centered publicity to be undesirable. Instead, the Krasnodar and Khar’kov trials were intended to demonstrate Nazi plans to destroy the entire “Soviet people” regardless of ethnic distinction.

[Later trial:] The Soviet prosecutors proffered charges similar to those in Nuremberg—crimes against civilians and POWs, and the destruction of property. This time, however, the concept of “war crimes” (prestupleniia voiny or voennye prestupleniia) was used interchangeably with the traditional Soviet terms for “atrocities.” 35 In contrast to the Krasnodar and Khar’kov cases, the postwar trials introduced Holocaust-related crimes as one of the principal charges against the defendants. The Soviet government took into account the Nuremberg proceedings, in which a great deal of attention was paid to the genocide of Jews. More important, however, the scope of the Holocaust and the involvement of the SS, the regular armed forces, and the civil administration in its implementation provided the tribunals with an ultimate opportunity to convict the majority of the defendants.
(Siegfried Ruff, executed. Baltics)

Although the Soviet press still downplayed the Holocaust by pointedly referring to the murdered Jews as “Soviet citizens,” the trials became the first instances that revealed to the Soviet public the scope of the Jews’ tragedy and made it an inseparable part of the history of the Great Patriotic War.

Jeckeln admitted to the interrogators that, as the HSSPF in the Ukraine and the Baltic lands, he supervised the annihilation of Jews by the Einsatzgruppen, police, and Waffen-SS. In November 1941, he testified, Himmler summoned him to Berlin and ordered the liquidation of all Jews in the Baltic region and Belorussia. The Reichsführer-SS stressed that in case of friction with the civil administration (the Reichskommissar for the Ostland, Hinrich Lohse, apparently objected on economic grounds to the murder of Jews), Jeckeln should specify that this gruesome task was to be carried out on Himmler’s orders and per Hitler’s wishes. After arriving in Riga, Jeckeln proceeded with liquidating the Riga ghetto, where by late fall 1941 the Einsatzkommandos and the police had murdered between 20,000 and 25,000 Jews, including 8,000 children.

Scheer (d 1946) recounted Himmler’s order:
Prosecutor: Regarding the destruction of the Soviet citizens of Jewish nationality, what instructions did you receive from Himmler?
Scheer: He told us that any Jews who had remained alive [after the first wave of killing] were to be destroyed. This instruction I passed on to my subordinates during a conference in Kiev.

pretrial interrogation, however, they had admitted that while the SS and police commanders reported to their own superiors, these branches had to inform rear area supreme military leaders of all punitive and repressive measures. Erdmannsdorf maintained that by the time he arrived in Mogilev in August 1944, all the Jews had already been murdered. He recalled a June 1944 military conference, at which the Reichsführer-SS informed the gathering that the Jewish population of Europe had been all but annihilated. “This had to be done,” insisted Himmler, “for otherwise we would have had to do it in the future.”

If the generals contested their culpability for the murder of Jews, they had to admit that local German commanders were directly responsible for running POW camps, where large numbers of Soviet soldiers and officers were murdered or had starved to death.
The sentences

General der Infanterie Max von Schenkendorff [not “Schenkendorf”] (d. 1943) commander of army group “Center” Rear Area, who had given the order to liquidate the Chechersk ghetto.

Walter Blume (* July 23 1906 in Dortmund , † November 13th 1974 ) was the SS colonel and Councilor, from June to September 1941 as leader of the Sonderkommando 7a (within the use group B) as a mass murderer in Russia and Belarus. Freed in 1955.

104. Despite the harshness of the Soviet military tribunals, during the period 1945-1952 they sentenced to death no more than five hundred Axis personnel. In May 1947 the death penalty was abolished, and the majority of defendants in the subsequent trials received lengthy prison terms of up to twenty-five years. By the mid-1950s, those who had survived Soviet prisons and camps were repatriated or extradited to the German Democratic Republic, where some found employment with the state police and other government institutions. For the 1947 trials, see USHMM, RG-06.025*14, [Eberhard von Kurovsky et al., 1947], “War Crimes Investigation and Prosecution,” microfiche 1, files 1320, 1321; microfiche 2, file 1321; Radians’ka Ukraina, 18, 28 October 1947. On the abolition of the death penalty, see Ugolovnoe pravo: Obshchaia chast’ (Moscow: Iuridicheskoe izdatel’stvo Ministerstva Iustitsii SSSR, 1948), p.160; “Ukaz Presidiuma Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR ob otmene smertnoi kazni,” Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo 5 (1947), p.1. For the release of German war criminals sentenced to prison terms in 1945-1946, see USHMM, RG-06.025*03, “War Crimes Investigation and Prosecution,” microfiche 27, files 661, 662, 663; ibid., RG-06.025*14, microfiche 2, file 1322; ibid., RG-06.025*14, microfiche 2, file 1322; ibid., RG-06.025*01, microfiche 14, file 124.
Kdo stab RFSS 1941 (extract from Mehner)
Chief of Staff: SS brigade leader Kurt Knoblauch
Division I (command unit)
Ia SS-Obersturmbannführer Fritz Freitag d 1945
Ic SS-Hauptsturmführer Rudolf May ?
Id SS-Sturmbannführer Ernst Rode d. 1955
Ig SS-Obersturmbannführer Dr. Ernst Höhne [Hoehne]
Division II (adjutant)
Leiter der Adjutantur : SS-Hauptsturmführer Alfons Zeitler
IIb SS-Hauptsturmführer Emil Reichherzer
Division III (Judiciary)
Kommando-Richter: SS-Obersturmbannführer Horst Bender
Division VI (Philosophical training and troop support)
Abteilungsleiter: SS-Obersturmbannführer Karl-Heinz Bürger d. 1988
Oberquartiermeister : SS-Standartenführer Wilhelm Hartenstein d. 1944
Qu.1 SS-Hauptsturmführer Harro With
Qu.2 SS-Hauptsturmführer Franz Liebermann
H-mot. H-mot. SS-Obersturmbannführer Georg-Henning von Bassewitz-Behr d. 1949
Sturmbannführer Josef Spacil d. 1967

“Spacil’s RSHA Bureau II had administered the assets everyone knew had been stolen from those shipped off to slave labor and death camps. Spacil had issued a flurry of decrees aimed at extricating wealth from overrun cities and territories in the East.”[3]

Ochsner, Wilhelm “Willifrank” (31.03.1899-5.12.1990) [Generalleutnant]

IVb SS-Brigadeführer Ernst-Robert Grawitz d. 1945 (medical)
IVc SS-Hauptsturmführer Hermann-Josef Held (??_)

more Nazis who lived on:

August Meyer (* January 11 1897 in Gellersen , † January 16th 1979 in Schwäbisch Hall ) 3 years

Bruno Streckenbach (February 7, 1902 — October 28, 1977) held the rank of SS-Brigadeführer (Major General)

Artūrs Michael Silgailis (born 13 November 1895 , in the village Mežmuižā in Latvia within the limits of Russia , died. 15 August 1997 , in Toronto ) – Russian and Latvian military ( Colonel ), Commander and Deputy Commander of Infantry Division 15 Waffen-SS , Chief Staff at the General Inspectorate of the Latvian SS Legion , secretary general of the war in the Latvian National Committee. After the war he emigrated to Canada , where he died on August 15, 1997. Controversial as to his role in Latvia.ūrs_Michael_Silgailis
Latvians , Waffen SS:

Sturmbannführer Karlis Augstkalns — 11/10/1904-24/09/2000
Sturmbannführer Aleksandrs Augulis — 01/12/1903-02/12/1998
Obersturmbannführer Nikolajs Bulmanis — 29/05/1900-28/12/1990
Obersturmbannführer Emils Grapmanis — 11/01/1903-07/08/1989
Obersturmbannführer Osvalds Meija — 10/01/1894-15/10/1996
Oberführer Arturs Michael Silgailis — 13/11/1895-15/08/1997 *see above

Obersturmbannführer Dr. Franz Riedweg — 10/04/1907-22/01/2005 (was not a Nazi Dr., but a Nazi soldier)

Rudolf Martinson, 1959, d. in Australia.

Tsherim Soobzokov (24 August 1924[citation needed] – 6 September 1985[1]) was a Circassian man accused of collaborating with the Nazis

Heinz Ballensiefen (* October 24 1912 in Rauxel ; † unknown) was a Nazi official and historian, used to explore the ” Jewish question.”

Paul Henney (* January 31 1883 in Erfurt , † July 25th 1967 in Brunswick ) was a German Nazi politician, SS Group leader (1938) and General of Police.

Hans-Joachim Ernst Riecke (* June 20th 1899 in Dresden , † August 11 1987 in Hamburg )

Friedrich Karl Florian (4 February 1894 in Essen — 24 October 1975 in Mettmann) was the Gauleiter of Düsseldorf in Nazi Germany.

SS, Herbert Mehlhorn, died in 1968

Himmler, in his own words:­ide/SS3.htm
We were the first really to solve the problem of blood by action, and in this connection, by problem of blood, we of course do not mean anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism is exactly the same as delousing. Getting rid of lice is not a question of ideology. It is a matter of cleanliness. In just the same way, antisemitism, for us, has not been a question of ideology, ‘but a matter of cleanliness, which now will soon have been dealt with. We shall soon be deloused. We have only 20,000 lice left, and then the matter is finished within the whole of Germany. But for us the question of blood was a reminder of our own worth, a reminder of what is actually the basis holding this German people together.
Speech by Heinrich Himmler to a gathering of German generals at Sonthofen on May 24, 1944

Otto Wilhelm Heinrich Wagener (* April 29th 1888 in Durlach , † August 9 1971 in Chieming ) was German Major General , Member of the Diet (November 1933 to 1938) and Economic Adviser Adolf Hitler’s .­videos/hunting-nazis-war-crime­s.html
Claims 30,000 nazi war criminals escaped/

Helmut Rauca’s “Great Action” (p. 97). Because of his war crimes as an SS official, Rauca was extradited in the mid-80’s from Canada by West Germany and charged with the murder of 11,500 Jews. He died while awaiting trial in Frankfurt (Gilbert, p. 161).

L­udwig Mueller, Nazi “Theologian.” Died, 1945.

Visvaldis Lacis, Waffen SS, 86 years old­010/nov2010/latv-n20.shtml

Gustav Freiherr von Bechtolsheim Mauchenheim Gen. (officer) (1889-1969),

SS Oberführer Constantin Heldmann, , died September 29 1965
evidence: On June 25,1942, The Telegraph, British newspaper, ran a story about the mass murder of Jews in gas chambers at Auschwitz. The headline read “Germans murder 700,000 Jews in Poland.” According to this first report, which was also broadcast on the radio by the British BBC in June 1942, a thousand Jews a day were being gassed.

In an official statement made on 27 January 2005, the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, the ICRC stated:

Auschwitz also represents the greatest failure in the history of the ICRC, aggravated by its lack of decisiveness in taking steps to aid the victims of Nazi persecution. This failure will remain part of the ICRC’s memory, as will the courageous acts of individual ICRC delegates at the time.[11]

The Red Cross and the Holocaust [Hardcover]
French author had unltd access to IRC files. Problem was that the German Red Cross was led by a Nazi!
Jean-Claude Favez (Author)

The Order of the Death’s Head: The Story of Hitler’s SS (Classic Military History) [Paperback]
Heinz Zollin Höhne (Author), Richard Barry (Translator

While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy [Paperback]
Arthur D. Morse

The Myth of Rescue: Why the Democracies Could Not Have Saved More Jews from the Nazis [Paperback]
William D. Rubinstein (Author)

Genocide and Rescue: The Holocaust in Hungary 1944 [Paperback]
David Cesarani (Editor)

interesting article, contains info on Churches and their attitude toward the Nazis.

December 25, 2010. Yad Vashem, Israel’s memorial to the Holocaust, says it has identified the names of 4 million Jews who died at the hands of Nazi Germany. The names, kept in an online database, represents two-thirds of the 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust. source: Joedresch’s page­ddoors/episode-2/ep2_warsaw_re­sistance_fighters.html
photo of Polish Home army liberated a concentration camp.­/2011/01/11/alice-herz-sommer-­the-oldest-living-survivor-of-­the-holocaust/

more nazis:
Alfred Schweder
d. 1992 . Gestapo (SD) in Poland. No punishment.
After the war was worth between 1945 and 1948 in British and American captivity and then lived in Brundorf and Bremen. He was a journalist at the Osterholz Kreisblatt and from 1953 to 1974 editor and later head of the archive at the Bremer Weser-Kurier from 1948 to 1953.[5]

Wilfried Krallert (* January 23 1912 in Vienna , † March 16 1969 [1] in Vienna) was an Austrian

Theodor Paeffgen (* 1910 in Cologne , † April 1969 in Aachen ) was the National Socialist German Reich SS Major leaders and Government at the Security Service of the Reich SS , including deputy chief of the Gestapo in

Rudolf Bergmann (* 2. Juni 1909 in Barmen; † unknown war ein deutscher Staatsbeamter und SS-Führer.

more evidence of the Holocaust


Holocaust denial is ludicrous: it ignores the fact that British Intelligence was decoding the German Enigma messages. The British decoded these messages via Ultra. Hence they had info. about the Holocaust during the War, although they lost the ability through much of 1942 as the Nazis changed their Enigma settings. The British did intercept a message about the “Hoefle telegram” and the progress of the Holocaust, but the message was not understood and filed away.

RIP Holocaust Denial

Dr Bernhard Frank, one of Himmler’s 12 closest associates, still alive. His signature appears on Himmler’s first order of the Holocaust. He was one of Himmler’s twelve closest SS associates. He is now the subject of a lawsuit brought against him in Washington DC.

SS Col Bernhard Frank (b. 1913. ),7340,L-3995490,00.html. The following charges are “alleged”:

When the relationship between the two grew stronger, Gould confronted Frank with the extermination orders he had signed. After short hesitation, Frank admitted the signature on the documents was, in fact, his, but claimed he had only approved the linguistic content.

“He defended himself, saying the order was necessary, because Jews in those areas were involved in guerilla warfare against Germans,” said Gould in an exclusive Yedioth Ahronoth interview. “In retrospect, we are talking about the first act of genocide by the SS. It was before the trains began making their way to extermination camps. It was also the first actual mass murder test run. The command wanted to see if SS soldiers would murder Jewish citizens, including women, children and elders. Frank was responsible for wording the orders in such a way that the troops on location, especially those who had undergone ideological training, could understand what do to. It was written in the spirit of Reinhard Heydrich (a high-ranking SS official, the first to be in charge of the ‘Final Solution’ operation).”

A rifle by his side

“Frank justified the orders, claiming they were given during the war, when there were a lot of partisan Jews, outlaws and robbers,” added Gould. “When asked if the women and children murdered were also partisans and robbers, he shrugged his shoulders and didn’t respond. I caught him lying a lot during the interviews. He admitted to some of the lies. Eventually he let me do anything I wanted with the materials. A rifle was by his side during many interviews, so he could have shot me if he wanted to. When I confronted him I feared what he might do to me or to himself. But my impression was that Frank wished to receive recognition for all the things he had done while serving in the SS. He hid it for so many decades. He was very proud of his actions and the fact that I was able to expose what he had done made him appreciate me. He gave me all the material which could convict him, including private journals, love letters and other documents he had written.”

Gould arrived at Frank’s house in Frankfurt last weekend to personally deliver the lawsuit against him. Frank’s spouse attacked Gould and he needed to get medical attention at a nearby hospital.


“Von Schnitzler”.
source: “The empire of I.G. Farben”
antifascist encyclopaedia
The 1945 interrogation of I.G. Farben director von Schnitzler reads:

Q. What did you do when they told you that I.G. chemicals was [sic] being used to kill, to murder people held in concentration camps?
A. I was horrified.
Q. Did you do anything about it?
A. I kept it for me [to myself] because it was too terrible …. I asked Muller-Cunradi is it known to you and Ambros and other directors in Auschwitz that the gases and chemicals are being used to murder people.
Q. What did he say?
A. Yes: it is known to all I.G. directors in Auschwitz.7

At the trial Dr. Baumkötter was asked what his duties were at the trial:

The Prosecutor: “What position did you have at Sachsenhausen?”

Baumkötter: “I had to personally attend or to send a subordinate to the executions, to punishments, to shootings, hangings or gassings… to make the list of sick detainees and of those unfit for work, who were to be transferred to other camps and, lastly, I had to make experiments in accordance with the orders received.”

The Prosecutor: “How many detainees were sent for extermination in other camps on your orders?”
Baumkötter: (after meditating for a long time): “About 8,000 detainees were sent off on the basis of the lists I made.”
Dr Baumkotter, Sachsenhausen Trial.
Link to German Foreign Ministry and Holocaust.

more evidence: In one telephone conversation Heinrich Himmler informed Martin Bormann about the Jews already exterminated in Poland, to which Bormann screamed: “They were not exterminated, only evacuated, evacuated, evacuated!”
source: The Holocaust in Poland, wiki

Inland church representatives condemned the killing of innocent life (Catholic Pastoral, August 19) for age, disease and race reasons.(Confessing Church, October 16).[7] speech

Himmler gave 2 speeches in which he did mention the Holocaust. The speeches were recorded and transcribed and leave NO DOUBT that he was discussing the details of the Holocaust. They occurred in 1943.
This connection became clear in five further speeches made between December 1943 and June 1944 to commanders of the Wehrmacht.[5]

Himmler speech at Sonthofen May 24 1944 makes it clear the Nazis want all Jews wiped out.

Today, of course, it is no longer a matter of dispute that Hitler represented the view of the vast majority of Germans, of the Volksgemeinschaft, at least until 1941 — that Germans saw themselves in their “Führer”, according to Dr. Thamer, who teaches history at Münster University, says “our picture of German society grows bleaker and bleaker,” in reference to the current state of research.­s/worldnews/europe/germany/697­3460/Recording-of-Nazi-officers-who-found-Hitlers-body-relea­sed.html

Timothy Snyder of Yale University
Bloodlands, Europe between Hitler and StalinThe Western allies did little to stop the Holocaust. Few wanted reminding that the only government that took direct action to help the Jews was the Polish one. [And the Danish one].­/18/world/europe/18holocaust.h­tml
women in holocaust­tive/2010/11/14/us/14documents­.html­/2010/11/15/world/main7055471.­shtml
Report on nazis­15/secondworldwar-international-criminal-justice Second Book:_The_Unpublished_Sequel_to_Mein_Kampf

Alfred Rosenberg memo of his meeting with Hitler on 14 Dec 1941:

I remarked on the Jewish question that the comments about the New York Jews must perhaps be changed somewhat after the conclusion (of matters in the East). I took the standpoint, not to speak of the extermination [[i]Ausrottung] of the Jews. The Fuehrer affirmed this and said that they had burdened the war upon us and that they had brought the destruction; it is no wonder if the results would strike them first.­iewtopic.php?f=6&t=105317&star­t=105
Info on Himmler and decision in summer 1941 to begin the Holocaust in newly captured Baltic states.
more Nazis who lived on well after the war:
Heinz Lammerding (b. 27 August 1905, Dortmund, Germany — d. 13 January 1971, Düsseldorf, Germany) was a Brigadeführer (Major General) in the Waffen-SS and a commander of 2. SS-Division Das Reich.

In 1953, he was tried for war crimes for the massacre of Tulle and Oradour-sur-Glane and sentenced to death in absentia by the court of Bordeaux, but he wasn’t extradited by West Germany[1]. He resumed his career as a civil engineer in Düsseldorf until his retirement and died of cancer at the age of sixty-six in 1971.

source: BBC, this day in history, Jan 27, 1945. Liberation of Auschwitz.
“They also found seven tons of women’s hair, human teeth, from which gold fillings had been extracted and tens of thousands of children’s outfits. ”

“Dachau Gas chambers” on Axishistory, and it shows that only Dr Blaha and British Agent Best claimed that the gas chamber there was used. To this day, the Dachau official camp website doesn’t stake a claim that it was used.

“Some of the firms that had no compunction about the use of slave labor in 1944 did not want to be caught by Allied armies with this work force on company premises.” Hilberg, p. 1002. Germany has until recently been remiss in paying those former slave laborers.
Excellent site on fight against Holocaust denial, ie revisionism.
Also see: Nolte, Ernst, German historian who tries to use some Revisionist material, and the argument of German historians

The Quandt family supported Nazis.
Dr Lolling and Dr Wagner are the ones accused of collecting Tattoos at Buchenwald.
Study proves: many knew.

I looked at Lucy Dawidowicz’s figures of the Holocaust, and some of them definitely are less than what Historians now are saying. At least two point one million Jews died in the Soviet Union, Plus at least 270,000 in the 3 Baltic States. Father Desbois asserts that 1.5 million Jews died in Ukraine alone.
The photos that can be seen, for instance, at of the Catholic Bishops giving the collective Nazi salute. The annual April 20th celebration, declared by Pope Pius XII, of Hitler’s birthday. The belt buckles of the German army, which declared “Gott Mit Uns” (“God is with us”). The pictures of the 1933 investiture of Bishop Ludwig Mueller, the official Bishop of the 1000-Years-Of-Peace Nazi Reich. – he merged church and state. [However, it was illegal Not to give the salute.]

Article 1 of the “Decree concerning the Constitution of the German Protestant Church, of 14 July 1933,” signed by Adolf Hitler himself, merged the German Protestant Church into the Reich, and gave the Reich the legal authority to ordain priests.

Article Three provides absolute assurance to the new state church that the Reich will fund it, even if that requires going to Hitler’s cabinet. It opens: “Should the competent agencies of a State Church refuse to include assessments of the German Protestant Church in their budget, the appropriate State Government will cause the expenditures to be included in the budget upon request of the Reich Cabinet.”

That new state-sponsored German church’s constitution opens: “At a time in which our German people are experiencing a great historical new era through the grace of God,” the new German state church “federates into a solemn league all denominations that stem from the Reformation and stand equally legitimately side by side, and thereby bears witness to: ‘One Body and One Spirit, One Lord, One Faith, One Baptism, One God and Father of All of Us, who is Above All, and Through All, and In All.'”

Section Four, Article Five of he new constitution further established a head for the new German state-church with the title of Reich Bishop. Hitler quickly filled the job with a Lutheran pastor, Ludwig Mueller, who held the position until he committed suicide at the end of the war.­world/news/netherlands-seeking­-extradition-of-former-nazi-wa­nted-for-killing-jews-1.326870
90 year old Nazi.­a/2005/aug/24/secondworldwar.b­roadcasting
Historian Ian Kershaw wrung a few admissions of guilt by Nazis; great read.

Ingrid Pitt,survivor of Stutthof Concentration Camp, has died. Beautiful actress played in British films.

On November 1 1943 the Allies issued the Moscow Declaration, which followed almost exactly the wording of Churchill’s proposal. The Allies would pursue ‘the ranks of the guilty to the uttermost ends of the earth’ and would deliver them to their accusers ‘in order that justice may be done’.

Russia admits Stalin ordered Katyn massacre of Poles:
A person points at a name written at the Monument dedicated to Polish officers murdered in the 1940 Soviet-era … .by Dmitry Zaks — Fri Nov 26, 2o10
MOSCOW (AFP) — Russia’s parliament on Friday declared Stalin responsible for ordering the Katyn massacre of Polish officers in World War II, a crime Moscow spent decades blaming on the Nazis to the fury of Poland.

Files show US intelligence officials made efforts to protect Mykola Lebed, Ukrainian Nazi collaborator, in order to get information.­0/12/04/ns-opfer-der-reichsbah­n-mit-klage-erfolgreich/

Reichsbahn, Germany.
Eichmann in his own words on the Holocaust

Benno Muller-Hill: The blood from Auschwitz and the silence of the scholars. In: History of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society in National Socialism. Ed Doris Kaufmann, Wallenstein Verlag, p. 190­ideastdispatches/archives/0000­24.html
Eyewitness to Auschwitz Birkenau

Katz uses his own interviews with German occupiers, Italian partisans and Vatican officials, plus new documents from the Vatican and Italian archives, and — most dramatically — American wartime intelligence intercepts of radio messages between Berlin and Rome, declassified by the CIA over the past three years. These decoded intercepts are startling. They reveal that Washington and London had advance notice of the planned roundup and removal of the Roman Jews. This information, had it not been suppressed at the time, might have been used to rescue the captives. The documents also provide* an indisputable paper trail linking Adolf Hitler directly to this act of genocide. The führer personally confirmed the overruling and reprimanding of the German consul who protested against the plan to have the Jews of Rome seized, deported and “liquidated.”
====­ab concentration camp
Italian camp off of Croatia in which Yugoslavs perished, but most of the Jews were saved with help from some Italian Military officials.­/2010/10/13/german-army-chief-­honors-holocaust-victims-in-is­rael/

Italian police chief honored for saving Jews during the Holocaust; he died at Dachau.

More on Karl Wolff, responsible for deportation of thousands of Italian Jews.­­iewtopic.php?f=38&t=34662&sta­r­t=15

Wolff 4 years in labor camp; released August of 1949. [He was given leniency, probably because he helped surrender Italy to the Allies].
In May of 1961, Wolff gave a German magazine an essay written by himself
about Himmler. This drew attention to Wolff, arrested in 1962. He was sentenced in Sept 1964 to 15 years’ imprisonment for the direct deportation of 300,000 Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to Treblinka, the deportation of Italian Jews to Auschwitz, and the massacre of Partisans in Belarus.
Wolff lost 10 years of his civil rights but eventually he was granted all civil privileges in 1971 when he was released early from prison. Died 1984.

Wolff was also the reason that other war criminals among his close circle were shipped to North Africa and quietly released. The Americans agreed to this when Wolff convinced the German high command to hand Austria and some other territories over to the western allies instead of the Communist Soviet Union. When the time for the war crime trials came in early 1946, Wolff was allowed to appear as a witness and was allowed to wear his badges of rank – epaulettes. Wolff was given leniency for his assistance in turning Italy over to the Allied Armies.

The article claims Mussolini and the Pope protected Italy’s Jews; that the deportations of the Jews did not occur until after Mussolini was overthrown. That may explain the Pope’s reticence to speak out more on the Holocaust. The Nazis deported the Italian Jews to Auschwitz Birkenau.
article explores US-Nazi German ties: it looks accurate.

From August 1942 to late 1944, the Nazi SS organized scores of shipments — of currency, jewelry and gold teeth — from death camps to the Reichsbank in Berlin, the journalist Ladislas Farago wrote in his 1974 book, ”Aftermath: Martin Bormann and the Fourth Reich” (Simon & Schuster). At one point, he wrote, some 30 clerks were needed to sort and repackage the valuables.­rich Wasicky
Nazi who used gas at Mauthausen-Gusen, pharmacist. Add to “Nazi doctors.”

Hans Frank, the Governor General of occupied Poland, addressed a cabinet session in the government building at Krakow on 16 December 1941 and advocated the following solution of the Jewish problem:

“Gentlemen, I must ask you to rid yourself of all feeling of pity. We must annihilate the Jews, wherever we find them and wherever it is possible, in order to maintain there the structure of the Reich as a whole.”

The same Hans Frank summarized in his diary of 1944 the Nazi policy as follows: “The Jews are a race which has to be eliminated. Wherever we catch one it is his end.” (thanks to Oxonboy)

More on Dr Reiter

Lobe, Karlis (d. 1985, Sweden)
Latvian killer of Jews who went free­ope/8381413.stm
Nazi Wagner lived in Brazil, killed himself 1980

But all that was to end when Gustav Wagner’s idyllic retirement in Sao Paolo was shattered on May 30, 1978. Simon Wiesenthal, the famous Nazi hunter found out he was living in the town, along with at least 1500 other Nazi killers. Every year, the Alter Kameraden – Old Comrades – notoriously met to celebrate Hitler’s birthday in a village tavern near Sao Paolo, although Wagner did not attend. Recklessly, the old Nazis photographed each other.

Chief Heinrich Muller, the head of the Gestapo. The above article claims he went to Brazil. It’s inconclusive if he really did go there.

Immediately after the war, the Swiss government had allowed rich Nazis paying 200,000 Swiss Francs each to fly on a regular scheduled flight scheduled to Brazil, and no questions were asked at either end.
For a higher fee, Swiss bankers discreetly transferred vast sums of money from Zurich to Brazilian banks.


Rudolf Lange, commander of Einsatzkommando 2 in Latvia, wrote that his orders were “a radical solution of the Jewish problem through the execution of all Jews”.[5] SS-Sturmbannführer Lange was invited for his experience in executing German Jews in Latvia. Heydrich’s right-hand man Eichmann was to take the minutes.[12]

Natzweiler , the Waffen SS left behind a rare document in which, contrary to the coded terminology generally employed by the Nazis, specific mention was made of “the construction of a gas chamber at Struthof.”

source:, wikipedia

**Hitler Bans Public Reference to the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question” July 11, 1943

This puts the lie to the notion that he didn’t know.
book: Primo Levi, Survival at Auschwitz, imp’t. book. Also known as “If this is a man”.

Edwin Black, great author.

History of Euthanasia, German.­iewtopic.php?t=63325
Contains a section from Nuremberg trial on Hans Kammler! also, info on the Doctors’ trials


recent study by Michael Mann

which presents a collective profile of some 1,500 Nazi killers from a variety of groups (“euthanasia” doctors and concentration camp personnel as well as members of the police and the Einsatzgruppen), (98) supplemented by other more specifically Gestapo-oriented sources, provides a useful measuring standard for the conclusions that follow.

Gestapo man Seetzen. Gestapo were informed of the “Final Solution” by Eichmann. Also took part in ‘killings in the East.’­2010/09/23/imams-brief-congres­sman-on-trip-to-concentration-­camps-to-battle-anti-semitism/­?hpt=C2&utm_source=CJN+Update&­utm_campaign=7116d72a3b-Newsle­tter_10_01_2010&utm_medium=ema­il­/apps/s/content.asp?c=lsKWLbPJ­LnF&b=4442915&ct=8803913
Hungarian Nazi era killer

Fredrik Jensen (born 25 March 1921) was a decorated Norwegian soldier in the German Waffen SS during World War II. He was born in Oslo, Norway.
Living in Spain, apparently, acc. to Wiki­/06/08/berga.recognition/index­.html

It marked the first time in history the U.S. Army recognized 350 soldiers held as slaves inside Nazi Germany. The men were beaten, starved and forced to work in tunnels at Berga an der Elster where the Nazi government had a hidden V-2 rocket factory. Berga was a subcamp of the notorious concentration camp Buchenwald.

1945 Aug 8, The Soviet Union declared war against Japan. 1.5 million Soviet troops launched a massive surprise attack (August Storm) against Japanese occupation forces in northern China and Korea. Within days, Tokyo’s million-man army in the region had collapsed in one of the greatest military defeats in history. (SFC, 9/9/96, p.A19)(AP, 8/8/97)(AP, 8/6/05) *This event has been largely ignored in the US, where attention is primarily given to the Atomic bomb as the key to victory.