Belarus Arlt
Dr. Fritz Arlt, * 12.04.1912 Niedercunnersdorf (Ostodergebiet).(d 2004!)

15.06.1936 – 00.02.1941 (until 1937 at first deputy) Gauamtsleiter the Race Policy Office of the NSDAP Gau Schlesien (Breslau).
1938 habilitation (university teacher) with the “elaboration”: “People’s biological studies on the Jews in Leipzig”. Because of the metaphysical interpretive standard (“metaphysical interpretation pattern”) this concoction to the history of the political anthropology (“the history of political anthropology”) was not allowed to publication.
1938 Representative of the race circuit Policy Office in the district of Saxony.
1938 in the Department of the Higher SS and Police Leader South (SS-group leader Erich von dem Bach-Zalewski), Breslau.
1939 Lecturer in teaching and population statistics at the University of Breslau.
1939 / 1940 on the staff of Oberost (Colonel-General Johannes Blaskowitz) in the Polish campaign.
00.11.1939 leader of the department for policy of population and welfare (Head of Population and Welfare, responsible for Jewish affairs), concerning Jewish affairs, in the reign of the General Government.
00.11.1939 also leader of the administration of the psychiatry in Kobierzyn near Krakau. Admonition by RFSS Himmler following his initiative for the establisment of “Volksgruppenvertretungen” in the Generalgouvernement.
00.08.1940 Commissioner of RFSS as Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German nationality () in Katowice, then leader of the Central Institute for Regional Research.
11/01/1941 joins the SS (Membership 367 768)
01.11.1941 SS-Sturmbannführer
09.11.1941 SS-Obersturmbannführer
00.00.1941 his appointment to Professor at the university of Posen (Posanje) was cancelled by the Rassenpolitisches Amt der NSDAP.
1943: participation in duty Eastern Front (probably SS-Untersturmführer d.R., with HSSPF Nord, according to John P. Moore; then: SS-Obersturmführer d.R., IVa (Intendant), I. / Waffen-Grenadier-Regiment 45 (estn. Nr. 1) in der 20. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (estn. Nr. 1)).
Since the end of 1943 also: the Chief of Joint Staff Policy (Gottlob Berger * dead) in the RMfdbO (Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories).
1944: severely wounded and:
00.07.1944 – 00.05.1945 leader of the Department of DI 5, respectively. Chief of Office D III (voluntary control center east) in the SS Main Office (Gottlob Berger).
Directly he began to demand “Ostexperten“ for his department, i.e. specialists for Ukraine, Weißruthenien, Poland, Kaukasus, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia and Arabia. He planned volunteer-units (not as an Great-Russian formation) of Eastern Europe.
00.07.1944: The commander of the 1 Cossack Division, Lt. Gen. Helmuth von Pannwitz met, Arlt for the first time, in order to Achieve a “cooperative relationship” of his unit with the Waffen-SS. The Competent General of voluntary associations, general of cavalry Ernst August Kostring what not able to help with equipment and armaments for the Cossacks, but he commended to contact Arlt.
01/14/1945 Head of the Department of DI 5 (SS-Oststelle) in the SS Main Office.
At last Verbindungsführer zur 14. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (ukrain. Nr. 1).

In the Generalgouvernement Arlt was engaged in “evacuating“ the jews.
In November 1940 ******he proposed the enlargement of the KZ Auschwitz.
After the WW II Arlt was head of the Tracing Service of the *****German Red Cross.
1954-1975 Head of the Department of Education and socio-political issues “at the Institute of German Economy, Cologne (Germany Industry Institute).
Deputy Chairman of the German-French Youth Office.

03/01/1935 – 21/09/1936 Deputy Director General, and specialized training for racial issues in the district office of the Leipzig circle of the Nazi Party;

00.09.1936 Assistent an der Universität Breslau;
…. [postwar]
00.00.1965 member of the Youth Board of Trustees of the Federal Government,
00.00.1965 alternate member of the board of the German-French Youth Office ”
00.00.1968 Scientific Advisory Board of the Max-beam foundation of the Union for Education and Science;
Arlt signed death warrants for the Jews.

In July 1944 the III section of the SS-Fuehrungshauptamt in Berlin under Dr.Fritz Arlt was created specially for dealing with the Eastern volunteer formations of the Waffen-SS.

Wilhelm Hintersatz, dead 1963? military advisor of Enver-Pasha during WWI and SS liaison officer to the Mufti of Jerusalem, who had taken on a Muslim name, Harun-al-Rashid-Beck.

(my note: Some units of the Crimean SS were involved in the destruction of the Warsaw ghetto. Might have been listed as Ukrainians)
*General Heer was a fanatical Jew-baiter. Never condemned.
Only his division ( ID ) killed 19.000 victims (without having expressly the order by a Higher Command),
mostly Jews, also in ghettos, between 01.10.1941 until the end of December 1941
in the area Berück Mitte in the Eastern Front.
Occasionally an infamous Reserve-Polizei-Bataillon was also under his control.
Book on Nazi crimes perpetrated by the Wehrmacht.

Between 1942 and 1944, Maly Trostinez , Belarus: 40000-60000 people murdered, overwhelmingly Jewish . Some researchers therefore call the camp as “extermination camp.” Some were sent from Europe.

SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Waffen-SS und Polizei
Walter Schimana d. 1948

Otto Bräutigam (14 May 1895 – 30 April 1992) was a German diplomat and lawyer, who worked for the Auswärtiges Amt as well as the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories of Alfred Rosenberg in Nazi Germany. In this position Bräutigam was involved in the holocaust. After the end of World War II he joined the Auswärtiges Amt of West Germany.

German Commanders linked with Russian units:

SS-Brigadeführer Christoph Diehm d. 1960
SS-Obersturmbannführer Hans Siegling (b. 1912..)
SS-Hauptsturmführer Albert Löffler
SS-Sturmbannführer Franz Henningfeld
SS-Brigadeführer Peter Hansen d. 1967
SS-Standartenführer Gustav Lombard (d 1992)
SS-Oberführer Constantin Heldmann d. 1965

Boris Alexeyevich Smyslovsky (also Smyslovsky-Holmston and Holmston-Smyslovsky) (3 December 1897 – 5 September 1988) was a Russian general, émigré, and anti-communist. His pseudonyms were Artur Holmston and von Regenau. He commanded the pro-Nazi collaborationist 1st Russian National Army during World War II


Baltic Unit : for the destruction of the Jewish population in the area of Novogrudok involved soldiers and officers, 36 Police Battalion, formed in early 1942 by volunteers in Estonia (Tartu, Kuressaare, Hiiumaa, Saaremaa). According to the testimony of former detainees after the war protesters, August 3-4, the entire 36-Police Battalion was sent to Belarus, where the station Navaelnya unload it, was sent to the Novogrudok and placed in barracks on the outskirts of the city. Mass executions by soldiers of the battalion were carried out in the Novogrudok Navaelnya station and near the village Dyatlovo, at 20-30 kilometers from the Novogrudok.

German scholar, Christian Gerlach in the monograph “Costed Death” (1999) in “The deportation of foreign Jews in Belarus” has described a policy of destruction of the Jews deported from Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic [120]. More than 35,000 Jews from Germany and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia were deported to the Minsk ghetto [37].

German historian Monica Kingreen says that within 11 months of 1941-1942 from 250 European settlements in Minsk was deported 15,500 Jews, of whom only 500 survived. These data provided the basis Belarusian historian Kuzma Kozak argued that in this period, Minsk was the “principal place of destruction” [119].

In 1943, an armed uprising in the ghetto Glubokoe [124] [128]:

The uprising began on Aug. 19, 1943, organized by Comrade. Lieberman. Prearranged signal all rushed to the breakthrough of barbed wire fence. Began a battle with the Germans and the police. First of all grenades were thrown at the machine-gun nests, the sentries on the towers, a police station. The Germans were stunned by such actions and opened artillery fire, tanks approached, but nothing could keep this onslaught, the Jews resisted, and one bunker the Germans could not take the whole day … were killed and wounded 100 Nazis. Part of the Jews went into the woods, and most were shot. Died a heroic death and the organizer of the uprising Comrade. Lieberman

– NARB, fund 750, inventory 1, storage unit 231, p.23-25


General Michał Vituška (Belarusian Міхал Вітушка; 5 November 1907 Nesvizh — 16 April 2006, Munich) was a Belarusian politician and Nazi collaborationist during World War II.

Ivan Yermachenka (Belarusian: Іван Ермачэнка, May 13, 1894 – February 25, 1970) was a Belarusian politician, diplomat and writer.

Yermachenka came to the German-occupied Minsk to create the Belarusian Self-Help, the only legal Belarusian organization at that time. He later became **advisor to Wilhelm Kube, the German Generalkomissar of Belarus (killed by a Partisan).

In spring of 1943 Yermachenka was dismissed from all his posts as a result of an operation of the SS and the German police against Kube. On April 27, 1943 he was expelled to Prague where he was arrested by the Gestapo in relation to the assassination of Kube. In early 1945 Yermachenka went to Germany.

In 1948 Yermachenka emigrated to the USA where he worked as doctor. He was one of the founders of the United Belarusian-American Help Committee in South River, New Jersey and an active member of the Belarusian community in the United States. He died in Florida in 1970
Participated in the Holocaust?
Many of former Belarusian Nazis are now buried in a South River Belarusian graveyard, including Radaslau Astrouski, Emanuel Jasiuk.

Radasłaŭ Astroŭski (25 October 1887, Zapolle, Russian Empire – 17 October 1976, South River, NJ, United States) (Belarusian: Радаслаў Астроўскі; Polish: Radosław Ostrowski) was a Belarusian nationalist political activist and political leader, notably serving as president of the Belarusian Central Rada, a puppet Belarusian government under German administration in 1943-1944.

Kurt von Gottberg, d. 1945? Suicide?
Franz Kushel. (alive as of 1998?) same as 😕
Franz (Frantisek) Kushel (belor. Franz (Frantsіshak), Kushal (February 16, 1895, Pershai village near Minsk – May 1969?, USA) – Belarusian nationalist, political and military figure.

Dmitry Kasmovich.
Michas Vitushka.

Belarusian political leaders (some included below this list with names translated)

*Radasłaŭ Astroŭski, Mayor of Smolensk and later the President of Belarusian Central Rada
*Jury Sabaleŭski, Major of Baranavičy and Vice-President of the Belarusian Central Council
Priest Mikałaj Łapicki, Orthodox priest and Editor-in-Chief of the Ranica newspaper
Vacłaŭ Ivanoŭski, “Alderman of Minsk“ [Vatslau Ivanouski]
Ivan Jermačenka (also known as “Herr Jawohl”), local political adviser
Stanisłaŭ Stankievič, Mayor of Barysaŭ
Emmanuel Jasiuk, Mayor of Klecak
Jaŭchim (Joachim) Kipel, president of the Second All-Belarusian Rada Congress
Ivan Kasiak, Belarusian provincial governor
Jury Bartyševič, Minister of Administration of occupational Astroŭski government
Anton Adamovič, member in self-help Belarusian organization
Mikoła Abramčyk, Intelligence Minister in Astroŭski government
Stanisłaŭ Hrynkievič
Minsk Ordnungspolizei Eberhard Herf, (d. 194x)
Artur Wilke,

George Albert William Heuser (* February 27 1913 in Berlin , † January 30th 1989 in Koblenz ) was a German criminologist , as SS Lieutenant Head of Division IV when the commander of the Security Police and SD (detachments) in Minsk and head of state police Rheinland-Pfalz (LKA) in Koblenz.

Otto Bradfisch (* 10. Mai 1903 in Zweibrücken; † 22. Juni 1994 in Seeshaupt)
Gustav Hermann Sorge (* 24. April 1911 in Roniken, Schlesien; † 1978) war SS-Hauptscharführer und Kriegsve; died in prison

German historian Hannes Heer ( Eng. ) article “The Wehrmacht and the Holocaust.” Heer said that they were not counter-insurgency operations, and the mass killings of civilians, and points to the cruelty and sadism inherent in the German armed forces [26] [96] .

Maj. Antanas Impulyavichyus (Antonas Impuliavicius). Was living in Philadelphia.
Maj Rubenis, Latvian (Fridrichs Rubenis? d. 1945)

During the German occupation in Belorussia were deported about 90,000 Jews from Austria , Germany , Hungary , Netherlands , Poland , France , the Czech Republic and Slovakia . Almost all were killed. The destruction was carried out in some settlements

Both the Krasnodar and Khar’kov trials omitted mention of the Nazi murder of Jews. Although by 1943 the Holocaust had become common knowledge and the ESC possessed massive evidence of the scope of the genocide, the tribunals referred to the executions of Jews as “massacres of Soviet citizens.” The indictment in Khar’kov referred to the ghettoization of Jews as the “forceful resettlement of Soviet citizens” to the outskirts of the city. 27 The omission of mention of the Holocaust from the hearings in Krasnodar and Khar’kov reflected the Allies’ ambiguous attitude towards the murder [End Page 6] of Jews. The Moscow Declaration, for example, mentioned the Holocaust only in passing as “crimes committed against Poland.” For the United States and Britain, as for the Soviet Union, the main task of the war was to defeat Germany, and therefore the notion of the Germans as the aggressors received much more attention from politicians in the West than did war crimes and crimes against humanity. 28 Similarly, the Soviet government considered Jewish-centered publicity to be undesirable. Instead, the Krasnodar and Khar’kov trials were intended to demonstrate Nazi plans to destroy the entire “Soviet people” regardless of ethnic distinction.

[Later trial:] The Soviet prosecutors proffered charges similar to those in Nuremberg—crimes against civilians and POWs, and the destruction of property. This time, however, the concept of “war crimes” (prestupleniia voiny or voennye prestupleniia) was used interchangeably with the traditional Soviet terms for “atrocities.” 35 In contrast to the Krasnodar and Khar’kov cases, the postwar trials introduced Holocaust-related crimes as one of the principal charges against the defendants. The Soviet government took into account the Nuremberg proceedings, in which a great deal of attention was paid to the genocide of Jews. More important, however, the scope of the Holocaust and the involvement of the SS, the regular armed forces, and the civil administration in its implementation provided the tribunals with an ultimate opportunity to convict the majority of the defendants.
(Siegfried Ruff, executed. Baltics)

Although the Soviet press still downplayed the Holocaust by pointedly referring to the murdered Jews as “Soviet citizens,” the trials became the first instances that revealed to the Soviet public the scope of the Jews’ tragedy and made it an inseparable part of the history of the Great Patriotic War.

Jeckeln admitted to the interrogators that, as the HSSPF in the Ukraine and the Baltic lands, he supervised the annihilation of Jews by the Einsatzgruppen, police, and Waffen-SS. In November 1941, he testified, Himmler summoned him to Berlin and ordered the liquidation of all Jews in the Baltic region and Belorussia. The Reichsführer-SS stressed that in case of friction with the civil administration (the Reichskommissar for the Ostland, Hinrich Lohse, apparently objected on economic grounds to the murder of Jews), Jeckeln should specify that this gruesome task was to be carried out on Himmler’s orders and per Hitler’s wishes. After arriving in Riga, Jeckeln proceeded with liquidating the Riga ghetto, where by late fall 1941 the Einsatzkommandos and the police had murdered between 20,000 and 25,000 Jews, including 8,000 children.

Scheer (d 1946) recounted Himmler’s order:
Prosecutor: Regarding the destruction of the Soviet citizens of Jewish nationality, what instructions did you receive from Himmler?
Scheer: He told us that any Jews who had remained alive [after the first wave of killing] were to be destroyed. This instruction I passed on to my subordinates during a conference in Kiev.

pretrial interrogation, however, they had admitted that while the SS and police commanders reported to their own superiors, these branches had to inform rear area supreme military leaders of all punitive and repressive measures. Erdmannsdorf maintained that by the time he arrived in Mogilev in August 1944, all the Jews had already been murdered. He recalled a June 1944 military conference, at which the Reichsführer-SS informed the gathering that the Jewish population of Europe had been all but annihilated. “This had to be done,” insisted Himmler, “for otherwise we would have had to do it in the future.”

If the generals contested their culpability for the murder of Jews, they had to admit that local German commanders were directly responsible for running POW camps, where large numbers of Soviet soldiers and officers were murdered or had starved to death.
The sentences

General der Infanterie Max von Schenkendorff [not “Schenkendorf”] (d. 1943) commander of army group “Center” Rear Area, who had given the order to liquidate the Chechersk ghetto.

Walter Blume (* July 23 1906 in Dortmund , † November 13th 1974 ) was the SS colonel and Councilor, from June to September 1941 as leader of the Sonderkommando 7a (within the use group B) as a mass murderer in Russia and Belarus. Freed in 1955.

104. Despite the harshness of the Soviet military tribunals, during the period 1945-1952 they sentenced to death no more than five hundred Axis personnel. In May 1947 the death penalty was abolished, and the majority of defendants in the subsequent trials received lengthy prison terms of up to twenty-five years. By the mid-1950s, those who had survived Soviet prisons and camps were repatriated or extradited to the German Democratic Republic, where some found employment with the state police and other government institutions. For the 1947 trials, see USHMM, RG-06.025*14, [Eberhard von Kurovsky et al., 1947], “War Crimes Investigation and Prosecution,” microfiche 1, files 1320, 1321; microfiche 2, file 1321; Radians’ka Ukraina, 18, 28 October 1947. On the abolition of the death penalty, see Ugolovnoe pravo: Obshchaia chast’ (Moscow: Iuridicheskoe izdatel’stvo Ministerstva Iustitsii SSSR, 1948), p.160; “Ukaz Presidiuma Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR ob otmene smertnoi kazni,” Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo 5 (1947), p.1. For the release of German war criminals sentenced to prison terms in 1945-1946, see USHMM, RG-06.025*03, “War Crimes Investigation and Prosecution,” microfiche 27, files 661, 662, 663; ibid., RG-06.025*14, microfiche 2, file 1322; ibid., RG-06.025*14, microfiche 2, file 1322; ibid., RG-06.025*01, microfiche 14, file 124.
Kdo stab RFSS 1941 (extract from Mehner)
Chief of Staff: SS brigade leader Kurt Knoblauch
Division I (command unit)
Ia SS-Obersturmbannführer Fritz Freitag d 1945
Ic SS-Hauptsturmführer Rudolf May ?
Id SS-Sturmbannführer Ernst Rode d. 1955
Ig SS-Obersturmbannführer Dr. Ernst Höhne [Hoehne]
Division II (adjutant)
Leiter der Adjutantur : SS-Hauptsturmführer Alfons Zeitler
IIb SS-Hauptsturmführer Emil Reichherzer
Division III (Judiciary)
Kommando-Richter: SS-Obersturmbannführer Horst Bender
Division VI (Philosophical training and troop support)
Abteilungsleiter: SS-Obersturmbannführer Karl-Heinz Bürger d. 1988
Oberquartiermeister : SS-Standartenführer Wilhelm Hartenstein d. 1944
Qu.1 SS-Hauptsturmführer Harro With
Qu.2 SS-Hauptsturmführer Franz Liebermann
H-mot. H-mot. SS-Obersturmbannführer Georg-Henning von Bassewitz-Behr d. 1949
Sturmbannführer Josef Spacil d. 1967

“Spacil’s RSHA Bureau II had administered the assets everyone knew had been stolen from those shipped off to slave labor and death camps. Spacil had issued a flurry of decrees aimed at extricating wealth from overrun cities and territories in the East.”[3]

Ochsner, Wilhelm “Willifrank” (31.03.1899-5.12.1990) [Generalleutnant]

IVb SS-Brigadeführer Ernst-Robert Grawitz d. 1945 (medical)
IVc SS-Hauptsturmführer Hermann-Josef Held (??_)

more Nazis who lived on:

August Meyer (* January 11 1897 in Gellersen , † January 16th 1979 in Schwäbisch Hall ) 3 years

Bruno Streckenbach (February 7, 1902 — October 28, 1977) held the rank of SS-Brigadeführer (Major General)

Artūrs Michael Silgailis (born 13 November 1895 , in the village Mežmuižā in Latvia within the limits of Russia , died. 15 August 1997 , in Toronto ) – Russian and Latvian military ( Colonel ), Commander and Deputy Commander of Infantry Division 15 Waffen-SS , Chief Staff at the General Inspectorate of the Latvian SS Legion , secretary general of the war in the Latvian National Committee. After the war he emigrated to Canada , where he died on August 15, 1997. Controversial as to his role in Latvia.ūrs_Michael_Silgailis
Latvians , Waffen SS:

Sturmbannführer Karlis Augstkalns — 11/10/1904-24/09/2000
Sturmbannführer Aleksandrs Augulis — 01/12/1903-02/12/1998
Obersturmbannführer Nikolajs Bulmanis — 29/05/1900-28/12/1990
Obersturmbannführer Emils Grapmanis — 11/01/1903-07/08/1989
Obersturmbannführer Osvalds Meija — 10/01/1894-15/10/1996
Oberführer Arturs Michael Silgailis — 13/11/1895-15/08/1997 *see above

Obersturmbannführer Dr. Franz Riedweg — 10/04/1907-22/01/2005 (was not a Nazi Dr., but a Nazi soldier)

Rudolf Martinson, 1959, d. in Australia.

Tsherim Soobzokov (24 August 1924[citation needed] – 6 September 1985[1]) was a Circassian man accused of collaborating with the Nazis

Heinz Ballensiefen (* October 24 1912 in Rauxel ; † unknown) was a Nazi official and historian, used to explore the ” Jewish question.”

Paul Henney (* January 31 1883 in Erfurt , † July 25th 1967 in Brunswick ) was a German Nazi politician, SS Group leader (1938) and General of Police.

Hans-Joachim Ernst Riecke (* June 20th 1899 in Dresden , † August 11 1987 in Hamburg )

Friedrich Karl Florian (4 February 1894 in Essen — 24 October 1975 in Mettmann) was the Gauleiter of Düsseldorf in Nazi Germany.

SS, Herbert Mehlhorn, died in 1968

Himmler, in his own words:­ide/SS3.htm
We were the first really to solve the problem of blood by action, and in this connection, by problem of blood, we of course do not mean anti-Semitism. Anti-Semitism is exactly the same as delousing. Getting rid of lice is not a question of ideology. It is a matter of cleanliness. In just the same way, antisemitism, for us, has not been a question of ideology, ‘but a matter of cleanliness, which now will soon have been dealt with. We shall soon be deloused. We have only 20,000 lice left, and then the matter is finished within the whole of Germany. But for us the question of blood was a reminder of our own worth, a reminder of what is actually the basis holding this German people together.
Speech by Heinrich Himmler to a gathering of German generals at Sonthofen on May 24, 1944

Otto Wilhelm Heinrich Wagener (* April 29th 1888 in Durlach , † August 9 1971 in Chieming ) was German Major General , Member of the Diet (November 1933 to 1938) and Economic Adviser Adolf Hitler’s .­videos/hunting-nazis-war-crime­s.html
Claims 30,000 nazi war criminals escaped/

Helmut Rauca’s “Great Action” (p. 97). Because of his war crimes as an SS official, Rauca was extradited in the mid-80’s from Canada by West Germany and charged with the murder of 11,500 Jews. He died while awaiting trial in Frankfurt (Gilbert, p. 161).

L­udwig Mueller, Nazi “Theologian.” Died, 1945.

Visvaldis Lacis, Waffen SS, 86 years old­010/nov2010/latv-n20.shtml

Gustav Freiherr von Bechtolsheim Mauchenheim Gen. (officer) (1889-1969),

SS Oberführer Constantin Heldmann, , died September 29 1965
evidence: On June 25,1942, The Telegraph, British newspaper, ran a story about the mass murder of Jews in gas chambers at Auschwitz. The headline read “Germans murder 700,000 Jews in Poland.” According to this first report, which was also broadcast on the radio by the British BBC in June 1942, a thousand Jews a day were being gassed.

In an official statement made on 27 January 2005, the 60th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, the ICRC stated:

Auschwitz also represents the greatest failure in the history of the ICRC, aggravated by its lack of decisiveness in taking steps to aid the victims of Nazi persecution. This failure will remain part of the ICRC’s memory, as will the courageous acts of individual ICRC delegates at the time.[11]

The Red Cross and the Holocaust [Hardcover]
French author had unltd access to IRC files. Problem was that the German Red Cross was led by a Nazi!
Jean-Claude Favez (Author)

The Order of the Death’s Head: The Story of Hitler’s SS (Classic Military History) [Paperback]
Heinz Zollin Höhne (Author), Richard Barry (Translator

While Six Million Died: A Chronicle of American Apathy [Paperback]
Arthur D. Morse

The Myth of Rescue: Why the Democracies Could Not Have Saved More Jews from the Nazis [Paperback]
William D. Rubinstein (Author)

Genocide and Rescue: The Holocaust in Hungary 1944 [Paperback]
David Cesarani (Editor)

interesting article, contains info on Churches and their attitude toward the Nazis.

December 25, 2010. Yad Vashem, Israel’s memorial to the Holocaust, says it has identified the names of 4 million Jews who died at the hands of Nazi Germany. The names, kept in an online database, represents two-thirds of the 6 million Jews killed in the Holocaust. source: Joedresch’s page­ddoors/episode-2/ep2_warsaw_re­sistance_fighters.html
photo of Polish Home army liberated a concentration camp.­/2011/01/11/alice-herz-sommer-­the-oldest-living-survivor-of-­the-holocaust/

more nazis:
Alfred Schweder
d. 1992 . Gestapo (SD) in Poland. No punishment.
After the war was worth between 1945 and 1948 in British and American captivity and then lived in Brundorf and Bremen. He was a journalist at the Osterholz Kreisblatt and from 1953 to 1974 editor and later head of the archive at the Bremer Weser-Kurier from 1948 to 1953.[5]

Wilfried Krallert (* January 23 1912 in Vienna , † March 16 1969 [1] in Vienna) was an Austrian

Theodor Paeffgen (* 1910 in Cologne , † April 1969 in Aachen ) was the National Socialist German Reich SS Major leaders and Government at the Security Service of the Reich SS , including deputy chief of the Gestapo in

Rudolf Bergmann (* 2. Juni 1909 in Barmen; † unknown war ein deutscher Staatsbeamter und SS-Führer.


2 Responses to “Belarus”

  1. paolosilv Says:

    Franz Kushel
    Belor. Franz Vіntsentavіch Kushal
    February 16, 1895 (18950216) – May 1969

    Place of birth of the Russian Empire, the Minsk province, Pershai
    Place of Death United States, New York, Rochester
    Membership in the Russian Empire
    The Third Reich
    Years of service 1914 – 1917
    1918 – 1921
    1921 – 1939
    1941 – 1945
    Battles / wars World War I
    Russian Civil War
    The Soviet invasion of Poland
    Great Patriotic War

    Franz (Frantisek) Kushel (belor. Franz (Frantsіshak), Kushal (February 16, 1895, Pershai village near Minsk – May 1969, USA) – Belarusian nationalist, political and military figure.

    During the First World War he served in the Russian army in 1918 takes part in the Belarusian national movement. In 1921-1939 in the Polish Army.

    In late August 1939 he fought at Lvov, and was with his battalion, captured parts of the Red Army. Together with other Polish officers fell into Kushel Starobelsk camp for Polish officers, prisoners of war, which contained a 4 thousand people. Almost all the prisoners were executed (“Katyn Massacre”). However, Kushel, along with several other officers had not been shot and was transported to Butyrskaya prison, where he gives a lift to a high-ranking Polish prisoners of war, including with General Anders. In early 1941 release. At the same time his wife N. Arsenieva were allowed to return from exile. These circumstances have made it possible to assume that the camp was recruited by the NKVD Kushel [citation needed 621 days]. After the release sent to Belarus.

    The fall of 1941 invites begin retraining Minsk Belarus occupation police and cleanse it of former criminals. In July 1942 developed a draft of the Belarusian defense corps (BCS). In April 1943, BCS is broken up by the Germans and sent volunteers into the police auxiliary battalions. In August 1943 Chief Commissioner of the Belarusian police forces. In December 1943, headed the military department of the Belarusian Central Rada (BTSR) R. Ostrovsky, appointed commander of the Belarusian Defense edge. Commanded the Belarusian part in the Waffen-SS. Organized by the Belarusian part of the transition to the side of U.S. troops in late April 1945, after the war, participated in the BTSR.

    Wife of F. Kushel was poet-nationalist Natalia Arseniev, collaborated with the editorial board of the Belarusian newspaper “V. Kozlovsky, author of the hymn” God Almighty “which has become popular among Belarusian nationalists, as well as the Belarusian Orthodox and Catholics. In honor of this hymn called annual Belarusian Sacred Music Festival.

    [Edit] References
    Kushel Franz / Zaleski KA Who was who in World War II. Germany’s allies. – Moscow, 2003.
    Kushel F. “The attempts of the Belarusian army by the German occupation of Belarus” (belor.)
    Gordienko AN Commanders of World War II. T. 2., Mn., 1998. ISBN 985-437-627-3

  2. paolosilv Says:

    SS-Hauptsturmführer Albert Löffler
    SS-Sturmbannführer Franz Henningfeld
    Dmitry Kasmovich.
    Michas Vitushka.

    *Radasłaŭ Astroŭski, Mayor of Smolensk and later the President of Belarusian Central Rada
    *Jury Sabaleŭski, Major of Baranavičy and Vice-President of the Belarusian Central Council
    Priest Mikałaj Łapicki, Orthodox priest and Editor-in-Chief of the Ranica newspaper
    Vacłaŭ Ivanoŭski, “Alderman of Minsk“
    Ivan Jermačenka (also known as “Herr Jawohl”), local political adviser
    Stanisłaŭ Stankievič, Mayor of Barysaŭ
    Emmanuel Jasiuk, Mayor of Klecak
    Jaŭchim (Joachim) Kipel, president of the Second All-Belarusian Rada Congress
    Ivan Kasiak, Belarusian provincial governor
    Jury Bartyševič, Minister of Administration of occupational Astroŭski government
    Anton Adamovič, member in self-help Belarusian organization
    Mikoła Abramčyk, Intelligence Minister in Astroŭski government
    Stanisłaŭ Hrynkievič
    Minsk Ordnungspolizei Eberhard Herf, (d. 194x)

    Artur Wilke

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