More on Nazis, August 2012

https://paolosilv.wordpress.com/2012/02/02/justice-at-nuremberg/
Some material has been moved there.
Die Banalität des Bösen: Ein Zeichentisch bei "Topf & Söhne". Foto: dpa
Topf Und Sohnen
from deutsche wikipedia:
After the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the Siemens capabilities with strategic orders were fully utilised. In the course of the war have been manufacturing sites in all regions of Germany and in the areas occupied outsourced, where Siemens in large scale “Foreign workers”, as well as forced laborers (also absorbing.) Exploited from (“Eastern workers”). Siemens produced kz prisoners rented by the SS in Auschwitz and Lublin.[7] Many Siemens production facilities have been destroyed by the war. During the battle of Berlin, it resulted in the complete closure of the plant in Berlin. The reigning from 1941 to 1956 President Hermann von Siemens was 1945 temporarily interned in the Nuremberg prison, but acquitted.
Grosse Rosen.
Georg_Gussregen. No further info.
from Polish wiki.
Siemens AG has an important role in the Nazi system of State monopolies, created for the needs of the economy of the Navy of Germany. During World War II, most of the production group was directed to the needs of the army. Siemens AG participated in. in the production of missile V-1 and V-2. In 1941 the capital stock increased to 400 million reichsmarek, and the automaker began to participate in the plunder of industrial countries occupied (including Polish and SOVIET UNION). Used work exported to Germany compulsory labourers, prisoners of war and prisoners of concentration camps – m.in. they worked in the plants of Siemens-Schuckertwerke GmbH, silnoprądowych devices that were in the vicinity of Auschwitz concentration camp and at the Siemens Halske AG located in & camp Groß-Rosen. Siemens also developed projects in the krematoria concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau (the same company Hoch und Tiefbau AG krematoria built from Katowice) and-supplied catering equipment in them. In 1943, the automaker employed 250,000 people (45% of total employment in the entire industry and electrical engineering).
————
Huta high and civil engineering AG”.
Huta Hoch und Tiefbau
Hans Bechtel , d. 1950, Hannover, director.
Builder of Krematoria.
The company was founded by the engineer Hans Bechtel from Mannheim. Bechtel was first employed at the fortification bauämtern Metz and Ulm, before he entered one of the leading companies for iron concrete in the construction company of Gustav Lolat in Düsseldorf, and was entrusted with the leadership of the Berlin Office. After his departure from Lolat he founded his own company on May 4, 1904 in Wroclaw with its approval under the name “Construction company of Lolat reinforced concrete GmbH”, which could grow rapidly thanks to the specialization in large industrial projects in the still relatively new iron concrete construction. The company among others in Berlin, Halle (Saale), Hanover, Szczecin and Nuremberg maintained branches. 1907 was the conversion into a public limited company with a capital of 1 million gold marks. Through participation on the company entered the Opole Frauendorfer Portland cement AG also in the construction industry. With the acquisition of the concrete company of G. A. Wayss in Vienna with their branch offices in Linz and Salzburg, she spread abroad. Gustav Adolf Wayss belongs to the supervisory of Board in 1917 until his death. Focus on international activities, however, was Russia, where the Lolat reinforced concrete GmbH was engaged since 1907 and established electricity and gas, coke oven plants, cement factories, a mercury hut and dams. Branches for the Russia business were built in St. Petersburg, Riga, Warsaw, Kiev and Kharkov. a contract with the Imperial Colonial Office 1912 was the expansion of the port of Apia, as well as the construction of a railway and a water supply system. He could be realised but no longer due to the first world war.

Kori:

SS NCO Hubert Busch, director crematoria

ss oberscharf.

  • Krematorien im Konzentrationslager Auschwitz.
  • 39 one muffle furnaces of the company of Kori.  H. Kori GmbH is a Berlin-based, specialized in the construction of the air heater company, which was established in 1887 in Berlin.
  • The H. Kori GmbH was initially specialized in incinerators for the removal of animal carcasses. After the activities of the company expanded the construction of installations for the incineration of waste of all kinds and crematoria. During the Holocaust, the company supplied (as well as the firm of j. A. topf  and sons in Erfurt) cremation furnaces for the destruction process of concentration camp victims in the gas chamber buildings of the concentration and extermination camps. Kori installed including the crematorium furnaces in the Majdanek concentration camp and in the Pirna Tötungsanstalt Sonnenstein.

    http://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/neuer-holocaust-erinnerungsort-die-ofenbauer-von-erfurt/3776636.html

  • So also the Berlin competitor Kori delivered dozens concentration camp stoves. However, the history of Kori, says historian Schuele, “is still not told”.
—————————————————————————————-
need info:
Johann Robert Schmidt., nazi
———-
ig farben Polish wiki.For Ig Farben worked many German researchers, among others. chemist and industrialist Fritz Termeer, or whether the holder of the patent for Zyklon B and operating officer of IG Farben Carl Wurster.
The total net profit of IG Farbenindustrie in 1945 the war was estimated at 6 billion German marks
—————
Ultimately, however, stopped the liquidation and in 1951 was the automaker’s company, which originally included in the Ig Farbenindustrie – these companies have been consolidated by joining smaller operators to have greater resources and market position is ultimately from the founding companies remained only four:Agfa, BASF, Bayer and Hoechst AG (connected later with the French company Rhône-Poulenc Rorer and Aventis ultimately transformed into a chemical company).
Many defendants soon returned to their positions. For example, Carl Wurster, during World War II, the head of the chemical company producing the Zyklon B gas to Auschwitz, and the accused in the Nuremberg trials before the Court. Crimes, already in 1952 became head of BASF. This function he served for many years in the years 1960-1972, he held the Office of Vice President of the Max Planck Society. Among the many positions he held include the heart of the position member of the Management Board of Deutsche Bank. Fritz ter Meer, sentenced at the Nuremberg trials for genocide and forced marriages to work slave in connection with crimes at Auschwitz, in 1956 he took on the position of the President of the Bayer company for more than 10 years.
Automaker was officially abolished in 1952 ig farben, pol wiki
————

Huels:

While Hüls was founded in 1938, it owed much to the 1888 invention of tires.  Without tires and the consequent demand for rubber, there would have been no  synthetic rubber; without synthetic rubber, there would have been no Hüls. The  first patent for synthesizing rubber was filed  in 1909, but the process was too expensive for commercial exploitation. After  the automobile increased the need for tires, experiments began in earnest again.  Based on the work of the Nobel prize-winners Carl Bosch, Fritz Haber, and  Friedrich Bergius, Buna was created. First made in 1926, Buna was an economical  synthetic rubber, based on coal and using sodium as a catalyst.

In the fall of 1935, the first experimental plant for the production of Buna  was built by I.G. Farbenindustrie. A year later, the German government issued  its second Four Year Plan, in which the importance of Buna production to the  country’s strength was stressed. On May 9, 1938, Chemische Werke Hüls GmbH was  founded specifically for the production of Buna, with a capital stock of 30  million marks. I.G. Farbenindustrie owned 74 percent and Bergwerksgesellschaft  Hibernia AG owned 26 percent of the new company. The first managing directors  were Otto Ambros and Friedrich Bruning, and on the board were Dr. Fritz ter Meer  and Wilhelm Tengenmann. All four men were representatives of the shareholding  companies.

Construction of new factories was difficult during wartime, yet labor was  obtained because the Nazis urgently needed Buna. The factory was built very  quickly and in August 1940 production began. The annual capacity for production  was 18,000 tons of Buna. The capital stock was immediately increased to 80  million marks. The company also produced chlorine,  antifreeze, and other chemicals. In 1941 the production of Buna was increased to  40,000 tons annually. From this time, the chemists at Hüls began to work on the  production of solvents, softening agents, and resins. Production was increased  to 50,000 tons in 1942 and capital was raised to 120 million.

It was not until 1943 that the war began to affect Hüls negatively. The  company had great difficulty in obtaining raw materials and surviving bomb  attacks. The worst was a heavy daylight air raid on June 11, 1943, when 1,560  bombs were dropped on Hüls factories. The works were devastated, 186 people were  killed, and 752 were wounded. Production stopped for three months. In spite of  heavier bombing of the hydrogenation plants to stop the supply of raw materials,  by 1944 the Hüls works reached maximum production capacity again, though they  were still a main target of the bomb attacks. On March 29, 1945 a special unit  of the German Army appeared with orders to blow up all of Hüls. It was Hitler’s  command that ‘the enemy should find nothing.’ The unit was persuaded to disobey  these orders by Dr. Paul Baumann. Two days later, American troops marched into  the factories.

—————————————————-

Paul Baumann was one of the chemists who had worked on the development of  Buna. He fought in World War I, then studied in Heidelberg  with the Nobel prize-winner Philipp  Lenard. Baumann received his doctorate in 1923, and first worked for I.G.  Farbenindustrie, spending time at their offices in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. At  Hüls he was quickly promoted to production manager. In 1945, when the British  troops replaced those of the Americans, Baumann was made manager of works, then  chairman of the board.

In 1945 the British, who were paying high prices for natural rubber at home,  allowed the resumption of the production of Buna. At their orders, the company’s  name changed to Chemische Werke Hüls. The Potsdam agreement then forbade the  production of Buna in Germany, and in order to survive the company had to change  its products immediately.

In November 1945 the entire company was taken over by the Allied authorities  and put under a financial control office. The ‘de-Nazification’ included the  dismissal of Hans Gunther and Ulrich Hoffman. Other dismissals were planned but,  as they would have meant the administrative collapse of the company, were not  effected.

The I.G. Farbenindustrie sales offices, Hüls’s main outlets, were  closed by the Allies. Hüls then cooperated with other companies on sales, but as  this was regarded as joint operations, it too was stopped. All production of  Buna was formally stopped by the British in 1948, partly as English, French, and  Dutch colonies were experiencing a natural rubber boom, but also because the  production of synthetic rubber was seen as potentially useful in the rebuilding  of a German military effort. Hüls was faced with large numbers of employees and  not enough work for them. The company began to produce vinyl chloride, propylene  oxide, emulsifiers, and the polyvinyl  chloride called Vestolit, but even so in 1949, many employees were made redundant, and plant works  capable of producing 900 tons had to be dismantled.

In 1948 Hüls rather cleverly created ‘produkt 1973,’ a synthetic rubber made  by the same process as that for Buna but with a few steps reversed. (It was also  called ‘umgekehrt Buna,’ literally ‘Backward Buna.’) This was to be used in linoleum. Both the forward and  the backward Buna required butadien for production. In 1949 the Allied  governments banned all butadien. Hüls protested, but, as it was one of the few  companies to escape the total disbanding of its works by the allies, it restrained  its protests. Generally, Hüls was better treated than other companies after the  war, in part because of its ability to change its production to acceptable  areas, and of the ability of Paul Baumann to get on so peaceably with the  Allies. Additionally, Hüls was a major producer of fertilizers, which were  considered vital to the agricultural economy.

The I.G. Farbenindustrie was disbanded by the Allies in Frankfurt in 1952. On  December 19, 1953 Hüls was released from Allied control and converted to a joint  stock company with a capital stock of DM 120 million. The following year, the  company invested DM 85 million to expand plant production capacity. New products  included Vestolen, a high-density polyethylene, and Vestopal, a polyester  resin.

For some time, the production of Buna had ceased to be profitable, and the  company had been working on ways to improve and modernize the antiquated  production procedures. A new plant was proposed and a new company, Bunawerke  Hüls GmbH, was formed in 1955. The shareholders were Hüls, with 50 percent, and  its old partners from I.G. Farbenindustrie, in the guise  of the company’s three successors. Dr. Baumann was the managing director. In a  very short time, Bunawerke was the largest producer of synthetic rubber in  Europe.

Hüls grew apace. It built  Power Station II, the first coal power station to operate on supercritical  steam. In 1956 Quimica Industrial Huels do Brasil Ltda. was formed in Brazil.  Plants were either converted or constructed to produce reinforcing agents, phthalic anhydride,  and more acetylene. In 1961  the capital stock was increased to DM 120 million and Faserwerke Hüls GmbH was  founded, with a capital of DM 33.6 million, to produce synthetic fibers.

In 1959, a quarter of a century after Hüls had begun manufacturing heavy  detergents, it was discovered that they were major polluters of the environment.  A law was passed in 1961 requiring that all detergents be reducible by 80  percent by the existing sewage  plants. Three years later Hüls produced Marlon, a biodegradable  surfactant. The whole episode was a minor setback  in the phenomenalgrowth  of Hüls, which continued to form new companies, introduce new chemicals, and  establish new partnerships until, in 1971, its capital reached DM 310 million.

——————————

Parent Veba planned to invest DM 9.6 billion in  Hüls for the period from 1997 to 2001.

In early 1998 the announcement that Degussa AG and Hüls AG planned to merge  was made.

Principal Subsidiaries

Degussa Bank GmbH; Infracor GmbH; CREAVIS GmbH; ASTA Medica AG; Stockhausen  GmbH & Co. KG; Röhm GmbH; Vestolit GmbH; OXENO Olefinchemie GmbH;  Phenolchemie GmbH & Co. KG; Cerdec AG.

Principal Divisions

Health and Nutrition; Specialty Products; Polymers and Intermediates;  Performance Materials.

Principal Competitors

BASF Aktiengesellschaft; Bayer AG; Hoechst AG.

Mayer-Wegelin, Heinz, Aller Anfang ist schwer: Bilder zur hundertjährigen  Geschichte der Degussa,Frankfurt am Main: Degussa, 1973.

Pinnov, Hermann, Degussa 1873-1948,Frankfurt am Main: Degussa, 1948.

Wolf, Mechthild, It All Began in Frankfurt: Landmarks in the History of  Degussa AG,Frankfurt am Main: Degussa, 1989.

Read more: http://www.answers.com/topic/degussa-h-ls-ag#ixzz243nHzoSq

http://tiergartenstrasse4.org/Bobrek.html

Name of the camp – Arbeitslager Bobrek Commandant of the camp

SS-Scharführer Hermann Buch        Location – Bobrek near Oswiecim Employer – Siemens-Schuckertwerke GmbH

Bobrek: should be listed.
Hermann Balthasar Buch (born December 30, 1896, Niederhöchstadt; died 1959 [1]) was a German SS Scharführer, who was camp “Camp Auschwitz” in the spring of 1944.From August 1939 until April 1942 he was afterwards in the Waffen-SS soldier in the Wehrmacht. First Buch was an overseer at the Ravensbrück concentration camp.[3] In late February 1943 Buchwas transferred to AUSCHWITZ, where he was head of the “gypsy camp Auschwitz” from spring until late April 1944.[2] After that was used in the Auschwitz camp Bobrek later as overseer until the “evacuation” of AUSCHWITZ in January 1945. That  was followed by functions in the gross-Rosen concentration camp and finally concentration camp Mauthausen. After the war Buch was sentenced to imprisonment and five years loss of civic rights and move of its assets on January 22, 1948 in Krakow to six years.

Buna plant in the concentration camp of Auschwitz III was  finally by the IG Farben Monowitz. Although for the construction of this factory around 20,000 to 25,000 forced laborers systematically had to work to death, it never came to completion. The average life expectancy of a slave worker in the construction of this work was three months and the labor camp had up to one hundred thousand prisoners. This work was the largest construction site in Europe in 1944.

De.wikipedia, Buna
NEW:

Stein , –
Dr. Hans Kawelmacher (1891- 1954)  Freed from POW camp, 1950.
Buckner, Fritz
Consequentely, Libau – among other Baltic and Soviet coastal towns -were under  control of Marine Coastal Defense (Marinebefehlshaber “C”)
Involvement in war time atrocities and Holocaust

Anti-Jewish measures ordered by the German naval commander in Liepāja, 5 July 1941[6]

The Kriegsmarine was involved during the war in atrocities and Holocaust. One notable example are Liepāja massacres where Jews, Gypsies, communists, the mentally ill and so-called “hostages” were mass murdered. About 5,000 of the 5,700 Jews trapped in Liepāja were shot, most of them in 1941. As a naval base, Liepāja came under the command of the German navy, the Kriegsmarine. Lieutenant commander (Korvettenkapitan) Stein was appointed as town commandant[7] On 1 July 1941, Stein ordered that ten hostages be shot for every act of sabotage, and further put civilians in the zone of targeting by declaring that Red Army soldiers were hiding among them in civilian attire.[7] This was the first announcement in Latvia of a threat to shoot hostages.[7] On 5 July 1941 Korvettenkapitan Brückner, who had taken over for Stein[7] issued a set of anti-Jewish regulations.[8] These were published in a local newspaper, Kurzemes Vārds.[6] Summarized these were as follows[9]:

  • All Jews must wear the yellow star on the front and back of their clothing;
  • Shopping hours for Jews were restricted to 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. Jews were only allowed out of their residences for these hours and from 3:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.;
  • Jews were barred from public events and transportation and were not to walk on the beach;
  • Jews were required to leave the sidewalk if they encountered a German in uniform;
  • Jewish shops were required to display the sign “A Jewish-owned business” in the window;
  • Jews were to surrender all radios, typewriters, uniforms, arms and means of transportation
Throughout July several shootings of Jews, communists and hostages were made, starting with 5 July On 16 July 1941,
Fregattenkapitän Dr. Hans Kawelmacher was appointed the German naval commandant in Liepāja.[10]
On 22 July, Kawelmacher sent a telegram to the German Navy’s Baltic Command in Kiel, which stated that he wanted 100 SS and fifty Schutzpolizei (“protective police”) men sent to Liepāja for “quick implementation Jewish problem”.[11] Kawelmacher hoped to accelerate killings complaining that “With present SS-personnel, this would take one year, which is untenable for [the] pacification of Liepāja”[12] Mass arrests of Jewish men began immediately in Liepāja, and continued through 25 July 1941.[11]

22 July 1941: “… Here about 8,000 Jews … with present SS personnel this would take about 1 year, which is untenable for pacification of Libau.” 27 July 1941: “Jewish problem Libau largely solved by execution of about 1,100 male Jews by Riga SS commando on 24 and 25.7.”

Hans Kawelmacher, Libau naval commandant.[11]

The shootings continued till December, and additionally Romani people were mass murdered as well.

———————————————————————-

Eugen Wannenmacher  assumed the Office of President of the German Association of Parodontology (ARPA).

  •  

  • On May 5, 1944, Himmler explained to Generals in Sonthofen that perseverance in the bombing war has only been possible because the Jews in Germany have been discarded.[26]

    The Jewish question has been solved within Germany itself and in general within the countries occupied by Germany. […] You can understand how difficult it was for me to carry out this military order which I was given and which I implemented out of a sense of obedience and absolute conviction. -HH speech in Sondhofen.

  • Werner Alfred Wenn, not much info. Himmler’s asst.

    ^ Smith, Peterson: Heinrich Himmler, p. 251 f.

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posen_speech

    Himmler openly acknowledged the Holocaust.

  • Horthy himself could not have been clearer in his memoirs: “Not before August,” he wrote, “did secret information reach me of the horrible truth about the extermination camps.”[12]^  Horthy:, Admiral Nicholas (2000). Admiral Nicholas Horthy, Memoirs. Nicholas Horthy, Miklós Horthy, Andrew L. Simon, Nicholas Roosevelt (illustrated ed.). Simon Publications LLC. pp. 348. ISBN 0-9665734-3-9.

  • Ernst Klee with the Goetheplakette (Goethe Medal) for his book, Deutsche Medizin im Dritten Reich. Karrieren vor und nach 1945 (German Medicine in the Third Reich. Careers before and after 1945).

  • The SS physician Dr. Hoven said before the Nuremberg Tribunal of this. “IG was anxious this fact to hide from the outside world-  but to cover up the circumstances of their attempts ..to draw the profit for themselves. Not the SS but ** IG farben took  the initiative in these experiments in the concentration camps. ”

  • many Nazi doctors slipped into comfortable and respected positions after the war. For example, in East Germany, Herman Voss became a prominent anatomist and in West Germany

  • On 12 March 1945, ICRC president Jacob Burckhardt received a message from SS General Ernst Kaltenbrunner accepting the ICRC’s demand to allow delegates to visit the concentration camps. This agreement was bound by the condition that these delegates would have to stay in the camps until the end of the war.  Louis Haefliger prevented the forceful eviction or blasting of Mauthausen-Gusen by alerting American troops, thereby saving the lives of about 60,000 inmates

     

    In 1996 renewed attention focused on the Helmbrechts sub-concentration camp. Two stories broke about former SS-Aufseherin Ingeborg Schimming-Assmuss who was accused of killing four prisoners at the camp and on the death march into Czechoslovakia. One article began “DEATH FORSTALLED the LAW.” “The [camp] called her ‘the Terrible Inge’- Inge Assmuss, earlier Schimming, one of 27 [female guards] inside the external bearing Helmbrechts.” She was hidden from prosecution by the state security service in Berlin for over fifty years. The first record of murder was done by Ingeborg, as well as the other female guards in Helmbrechts on February 24, 1945. She and the other overseers flogged a female inmate, Dr. Alexandra Samoylenko to death for escaping. The act was tolerated and ordered by camp commandant Alois Doerr. Another former prisoner related, “…on the first day after the march [began] an Aufseherin-she was called Inge-tore my completely weakened friend Bassia from my arms with a switch and dragged her into the forest. I heard a shot. Subsequently, the Aufseherin returned alone.” Two other inmates also related to Allied forces that the Aufseherin killed other internees. In 1951 a warrant was issued for Ingeborg’s arrest to the GDR. Authorities in East Berlin refused to hand over the former SS employee, saying that ‘she works for us.’
    In 1989 the Berlin Wall fell and Inge was still living in East Berlin, scarcely fifty meters from the former wall. In 1994 she was discovered living in Berlin-Pankow. In 1996 Ingeborg Schimming-Assmuss died, a free woman. The German government was in the process of prosecuting the former female guard, but as the title of the article stated, death stopped all proceedings. She was seventy-four years old

END

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